Sutton Trust 15at15

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The Sutton Trust Fifteen Year Anniversary Publication.

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Sutton Trust

The

ContentsForeword Social mobility University admissions Open Access Alumni networks Education Endowment Foundation Early years School travel and admissions Teaching Pupil destinations University funding Access to the professions Global comparators International work Rigorous evaluation Raising aspirations Sutton Trust Grants 1997-2012 4 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38

Fifteen years ago I established the Sutton Trust. Since then it has become the leading voice for improving social mobility through education in England.

My passion for social mobility comes from my own background and experiences. I am the son of a Viennese migr and grew up in very modest circumstances in Yorkshire before moving to Surrey at age 11. After attending state schools there, I was lucky enough to get into Oxford and after completing an MBA at the London Business School I moved to Boston to work for the Boston Consulting Group. A few years later I joined a client in New York before setting up my own firm, the Sutton Company, to get into a new field which became private equity, where over 14 years I acquired and built up many successful businesses. What prompted me to set up the Sutton Trust in 1997 was what I found when I returned to Britain in the mid-nineties after 20 years abroad. I was shocked and appalled by what had happened to opportunities for bright children from nonprivileged backgrounds. First, I visited my old school, Reigate Grammar, which was an independent school where all the places were state-funded and free when I was there. Before state funding of independent schools was abolished in 1976, 70 per cent of independent day schools were principally state funded. Today, most of

them, including my old school, charge full fees with very few free places. Along with most of my classmates, I would now be excluded on financial grounds. Then, my Oxford college discovered I had made some money. I was invited to have lunch with the President. In my day, the college took a number of students from South Wales, all working class, most of them brilliant. The President who was Welsh himself told me it had not taken any Welsh students in the last 10 years. I wondered what would happen today to my fellow students, many of whom have gone on to be very successful. I found out that in the 1970s, two-thirds of the entry to Oxford was from state or state funded schools and by 1997 it had dropped to 46 per cent. We had gone backwards big time. Rising inequality and a socially segregated education system had led to a decline in social mobility. What improvements there had been in education had been disproportionately gained by the better off. I could see that the opportunities for bright children from nonprivileged backgrounds were poor and had got worse. I felt I wanted to do something about it.

Thats why I set up the Sutton Trust. I was determined to do what I could to address the waste of talent in Britain. The Trust is a do-tank where we undertake research and fund projects, thoroughly evaluating them so that they can be scaled up successfully. Since 1997, the Trust has commissioned over 120 research studies and funded over 200 programmes helping tens of thousands of young people and addressing social mobility. Weve worked at every phase of a child and young persons development, from the early years, through primary and secondary school, into university and the professions. We have set up summer schools to encourage bright school students to apply to leading universities, including Oxford and Cambridge, and this year for the first time at Yale and other top US universities. We have promoted Open Access admissions for independent schools on a needs blind basis and shown it can be done with great success at Belvedere School in Liverpool.

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Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Foreword

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Foreword

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The Trust is a do-tank where we undertake research and fund projects, thoroughly evaluating them so that they can be scaled up successfully.Sir Peter Lampl

from Government and is developing solutions to intractable issues of underachievement among the poorest pupils. All this has made a difference, not least in improving university access, breaking down barriers between private and state schools, improving teacher training, and promoting more early learning for young children. The Sutton Trust has placed social mobility at the top of the political agenda. The coalition now publishes an annual audit on progress. Our social mobility summit in May heard major speeches from Nick Clegg, Michael Gove, and Ed Miliband. This report is a celebration of just some of the projects and research we have done, and their impact. None of this would have been possible without the dedication and hard work of the partners we have worked with our grant recipients in schools, universities and charities; the academics and researchers we have commissioned; the policymakers who have embraced our recommendations; and our supporters in other Foundations and businesses as well as individual philanthropists.

I want to thank them all. Finally, Id like to thank the rest of the Sutton Trust team for making a real difference over the past 15 years. And although we have made a significant impact in those 15 years, there is still a huge amount to do to make Britain a more mobile society. In the years ahead, the Trust will continue to shine a light on the inequities of our education system and will support and advocate practical ways to make it fairer for non-privileged young people.

We have published some of the most influential research of the last decade, showing that social mobility in Britain declined significantly over the last 30 years. We look not just at the British context but at the international context too, drawing on research from the US and across the developed world. Our approach is to research the issues, fund programmes that address them, and evaluate those programmes thoroughly. Thats the philosophy too of the Education Endowment Foundation, which the Sutton Trust set up in 2011 as the lead charity in partnership with Impetus. It is funded with 135 million

Sir Peter LamplNovember 2012

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Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Foreword

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Foreword

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Social mobility researchThe Sutton Trust has commissioned over 120 pieces of research over the last fifteen years. The most ground-breaking was in 2005 when researchers from the London School of Economics compared the life chances of British children with those in other advanced countries.The research found that social mobility how someones adult outcomes relate to their circumstances as a child had declined in Britain between children born in 1958 and those born in 1970. It also showed that it was lower than in Canada, Germany, Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland, and on a par with the United States. Comparing children born in the 1950s and the 1970s the researchers found a strong and increasing relationship between family income and educational attainment. Additional opportunities to stay in education at 16 and 18 disproportionately benefited those from better off backgrounds. For a more recent cohort born in the early 1980s the gap between those staying on in education at age 16 narrowed, but inequality of access to higher education widened further. While the proportion of graduates from the poorest fifth of families increased from 6 to 9 per cent, the graduation rates for the richest fifth rose from 20 to 47 per cent. More recent research by Professor Miles Corak, a world-leading expert on social mobility from the University of Ottawa, for a Sutton Trust-Carnegie social mobility summit of Anglophone countries in 2012 showed that the UK and US were much less socially mobile than Canada and Australia.8 Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Social mobility

InuenceSince 1997, the Sutton Trust has placed the issue of social mobility at the heart of the political debate in Britain. The Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg has introduced annual social mobility indicators to Government. Labour Prime Minister Gordon Brown appointed the former cabinet minister Alan Milburn to investigate fair access to the professions in 2009. The coalition government has since made him its social mobility tsar. These moves reflect the importance placed on the issue by the political parties. While the Trust has succeeded in focusing the public debate on social mobility, and achieving a degree of political consensus on its importance as an issue, the challenge is to turn this consensus into more radical approaches in the early years, schools, and university admissions.

The Sutton Trust over the past fifteen years has done an extraordinary job of campaigning for social mobility and equal opportunity in this country, and also making it happen.Ed Miliband, Leader of the Opposition

Sutton Trust | Fifteen at fifteen | Social mobility

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Summer SchoolsYoung people from non-privileged homes are much less likely to go to university than those from better off homes.While evidence suggests that the key reason for low participation is low attainment in A-levels, the Sutton Trust has shown that there are 3,000 state school students each year (with 30,000 places) who gain the grades needed to attend one of the 13 leading universities, but do not do so. This is one reason why the Sutton Trust has funded summer schools at leading universities throughout our 15-year history. The week long, campus-based summer school gives bright students from non-privileged homes a taste of life at a leading university. Since 1997, more than 10,000 young people have benefited from Sutton Trust summer schools, and the model has been adopted by the Government and other universities. The scheme