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The Protestant Reformation · PDF file Protestant Reformation? When people protested against the Catholic church and began forming new churches. Why? Reteach: Early Calls for Reform

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  • The Protestant Reformation

  • EQ: What factors led to the

    Protestant Reformation?

  • Warm Up

    ▪ What do you think the quote below means?

    ▪ “As soon as the gold in the casket rings; the

    rescued soul to heaven springs.”

  • Protestant Reformation?

    ▪ When people

    protested against the

    Catholic church and

    began forming new

    churches.

    ▪ Why?

  • Reteach: Early Calls for Reform –

    ▪ John Wycliffe of England

    – No Church or sacraments

    needed to achieve salvation.

    – Bible is most important

    source of religious authority

    – First translation of Bible into

    English-Vernacular

  • Reteach: Jan Huss ▪ Criticized wealth of

    Church

    ▪ Wanted religious

    services conducted in

    the language of the

    worshippers-vernacular

    ▪ Opposed the sale of

    indulgences

    – Outcome: burned at stake

  • Pope Leo X

    ▪ Became Pope in

    1513.

    ▪ Pope Leo X began

    selling church

    positions (simony) &

    indulgences (pardons

    for sins) to build St.

    Peter’s Basilica.

  • ▪ John Tetzel- German Church official who was put in charge of raising funds to build St. Peter’s basilica: – Promised indulgences would

    relieve for FUTURE sins.

    – Encouraged people to buy indulgences for dead relatives.

    ▪ “As soon as the gold in the casket rings; the rescued soul to heaven springs.”

  • Martin Luther

    ▪ German monk.

    ▪ Luther preached

    against indulgences &

    wrote The 95 Theses

    (Statements criticizing

    indulgences and other

    church policies) &

    posted it on the

    Church door in

    Wittenberg.

  • Printing Press

    ▪ Copies of Martin

    Luther’s 95 Thesis

    were printed and

    distributed.

  • ▪ The 95 Theses

    (1517) spread quickly

    & sale of indulgences

    declined.

    ▪ Pope Leo X

    threatened Luther w/

    excommunication-he

    refused & was

    excommunicated in

    1521.

    Martin Luther

  • Martin Luther ▪ Charles V called the Diet

    at Worms to give Luther

    the opportunity to recant-

    Luther refused.

    ▪ Edict of Worms was

    issued: declared Luther a

    heretic & outlaw

    – Burn his books.

    – No food or shelter.

    ▪ Was hidden in a castle by

    Prince Frederick of Saxony

    ▪ While in exile, translates

    New Testament into

    German.

  • Beliefs of Luther

    ▪ Salvation by faith & not good works alone.

    ▪ Believed forgiveness for sins could only come from God.

    ▪ Bible is the only source of religious truth.

    ▪ No worship of saints.

    ▪ Clergy allowed to marry.

  • John Calvin ▪ 1536, published

    Institutes of the Christian Religion.

    ▪ Ppl by nature are sinful & God chose an “elect” few for salvation.

    ▪ Predestination: God already knows who will be saved.

  • Calvinsim ▪ 1541, set up a Calvinist

    community in Switzerland.

    ▪ Believed in predestination

    ▪ Attempted to turn Geneva into a model theocratic community:

    -Fighting, swearing,

    drunkenness, gambling, card

    playing, and dancing are all

    prohibited. Must attend Church

    5 times a week.

    ▪ Presbyterians was a branch off from Calvinism.

  • The

    Anabaptists

    ▪ Believed only adults that could make a free and informed choice to be Christians should be baptized.

    ▪ Refused to hold office, bear arms, & swear oaths.

    ▪ Live apart from society; believed sin was everywhere.

    ▪ Were persecuted by Lutherans & Catholics.

    ▪ Anabaptist groups leave for North America in 1600s

    ▪ Promote freedom of religion and separation of church and state

    ▪ Baptists, Mennonites, and Amish all trace their roots back to Anabaptists.

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