Union of Crete with Greece

  • View
    226

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of Union of Crete with Greece

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    1/88

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    2/88

    , $!# !# # !

    100

    $ 4& / %$ $ && *)&& 1+$"%*+ &1$ &* " 6+ $ *$ )

    0&) %) *%", $/#/ )/ #$%)5

    +5) +/6 %$ &6 &/#+$) -

    $!&) $ " %$4" %)" )/ "-

    +$)5 0$+6).

    7 $ $ " *+6" 0)+ *)/ $6$-

    % /+ ) ... %+0)/,

    /#)/ %$ /#)/ " $)+ )/ 4*)/

    , " /+ $ *&$ %&%6 */-

    $%6 #+6*3, *$"43, $)+$%6, 13-

    + " )#$ 3 )*)3 # / "

    *+)/" )$3 $)+$%6 +$6.

    #/3 / $ *)/ $ %4$:

    % #!, %' %, $-

    "'' # 01/ (*.).

    *)/ $)+$% +/ - +, *)/

    *$"% %$ /4$ ) %) *%" %$

    *)/ *$53 4$ # *)&)5 *" "+3"

    %$ ) &&), $ 4)/ # #&)/ +-

    ()/ " $)+ )/ 4*)/, *+43* %$ %-

    $ *)/ "2 )&4%&"+ 1+)$% *-

    +$4)/ %$ *)& / $ "$-

    )/+$% *)+.

    )+ , "$)/+$% *)/ 1+$!$ %$ +

    ) 4*), %#6 $6)/ " &" 0#)+ )/ *-

    +4).

    +%" $ " "' & %& % !!.

    $6$% , ) +/ +/6 %$ -

    &6 &/#+$) $!&) )/ %$ *&$ ) *-

    +6. +))& %$ $(" ) #) /4 '

    &) )4.

    )4, $ *+(" &" *)/ %+2 "

    $)+ 1+$, $, " *+)/ 4 -

    &)/ +"$%)5, 4 &)/ &&", )/ !-

    %# "!#.

    )/ !%# "!# *)/ %0+

    ($)*)$$ / *)/ ) &&" *!)+0) " -

    $ )/ 9;8 + /+$&" +0 /) - +$

    % :

    " & %$ # # , ( " ()" %$ "#$

    $ $/, "( ()$ # ) ()$, ("# -

    # * "%# ) $, %#+ () / )+#

    !. ) ) )$" %$ %$)!$# )# *# $!)),

    %)$# *!") # "!$ "$ % ) %$

    %$#" )$ %$)"# ( " )#) -

    #)$"!$ #", #/)$# )$# %# ) $"$#-

    , # &($#, ($ #) %$ %*#, )$ "!$

    '%' ) !. %$() ()$ !(" ) $.

    $ " 3" " +" " && -

    !' & #%& *)/ ) &/#+$) $!&)

    0" 05$ %&&/).

    &4) -+*4 *+)0)+$%4- $ " $)-

    +, *) %), /*3$%4, &-

    %/$%4. *4 *&$ 1+$ %$ +.

    +) /1-*/% )4, *+43*, %-

    $, 5#$ & " $)+ - *$-

    ". ;

    ) *+ 3 1+43, 3 $63, 3 1$&$$6,

    (1)/ *+)3*$%4", $)", 0$&4)0)$,

    $)+$%), * ) +4&), " ", " (

    " $)+.

    +#$, %"+), *+4%&"" %$ *+4%&"" ' -

    !"$ ' /)5 " *"" ) $ ) -

    %& " $)+ %$ 41$ $ $%$ )/ /-

    %$+$% 0)+.

    (:

    #)%$$)#()$"!)(,))$)

    )$%$!)%#()#)()$,$)$$#-

    )$.$#

    (:

    ()$#*")$!"!+#%+#,")-

    )$%!*#)$,%"(!$)$%-

    #"!$("$!$)$"!!$#.!#

    (:

    "!))()$"%$%$!#(#)!(()-

    *+()$$)+##*&%+#,)%')%$/"()

    %$!!($$)").#

    (:

    ()$#$"))+#%$,!"%)!-

    *,/+)"#",$(!$)/+,$!$-

    $)))."

    (:

    %$$)#()$)$)##,)$%&)$-

    )&)!#,()"*)$($)

    "#/"$#%')"()#!!"

    .

    %!

    (:

    (*()()$)*%("# %+)$%-

    !*#)$"!!$#"%$$##(#%$#()$%#.

    ' )(-:

    #()$"!)%"$, ))("#$)$#-

    )($)/+($*"#$ ("()#

    #*&%#$#+#, !!)$"!($$()-

    $()$.!#

    O

    2| & .

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    3/88

    o . a .

    H2!5) #%:"4)' %+# 5) ''6'2"#

    5)3 1'2+44;5'20 #1; ' 0 05+

    506 )+40''$2"06

    @[email protected] 0+ #20" #+ 4)20" #%='3 5)3

    &+#+=)# ''6'2=)' #+ %+'

    . 5) #2+

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    4/88

    4| & .

    1'Y%%^"+V.)Y1913

    ;:

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    5/88

    .

    1 1913$'( '(" !& ".

    ( $'( $&!(((

    (+ $&%(+ + (+ #&+ $*#:

    "*'+ "(#+.

    / " #-" ( !(, " #-&'(#" ( -(,

    " '#-" ( &, " !-&' !(,

    " -( %'', " "%' # "#-+

    (# '%! (+ #&(+.

    $*+ # $$$#+ !+.

    & $#+ #&+ (#-+ '.

    (# &( &.

    % $#-, '! (+ +,

    $&%( #& $'!*+,

    -!(' '(#" &( #-&"

    '("#"(+ $&*('(*+,

    (# - (+ -)&+ '$'!,

    + (+ -+, #$#

    " -('" " '*'".

    " !

    (" - ! ") , %#$&

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    6/88

    6| & .

    ,

    ,

    1913-2013 Facebook

    { }# ! # #, & # ' !##!(& #! "&) ## "!,!' ! $# " , %& "#%, ' $! #& $& #!##& # N" #% $!% #.

    1868

    * 934& $934 4* / 4+2 &* &+&-

    /2 / 35$$162 0/5, &0*+&419/2 34

    14 +* 1&/2 0 4/ 0/*4*3 +* 4

    *34/1 42, $&* 4/ 3 3& /*+/5&*+

    +41/, *%&4 9343/ +* 3& &$/ # &*-

    %*+&5/. 2 2 35$$162 (&

    4 &1&3, 653*+, 4/5 %1/5 0-

    %*4- 0 &+&/2 & %*6/1&4*+ 6/2 +*

    %*6/1&4*+ *%&//$) %& 6*&1

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    7/88

    2

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    8/88

    8| & .

    -

    *# '* # !+'1*

    *"+* *%+( ##-%*%+( +&' "+'(

    2#( *%+ !'*!%1 "%1

    % %&%%( #*)*!

    )+!"%#)*! ++

    ! +*%+) "2-

    #%#*( * *# !%#

    ""#! )+#)) *( #)( *# "".

    #) &%+ !!! &0 2#( # -

    # &'*+* &*) *%+ !'*!%1 "%1 &0*# &% *( %!'*(, *( #*%!'*(, ! !+-

    '( *( *%+'!%!'*(.

    )+#( )*)( ! +&'**( +)(.

    # !'+ % "0%( #) #*%( 5 0"( -

    #( * *# #! )*) *%+ 3643. ( #-

    ) ')*! &%""%1( ""%+( 2#( &%""( +)(

    ! %"%!+*2*.

    "" ! &%""%1( &'%"")#*( ! &'%-

    )#*( *# &'*) +*%1 *%+ "%+ %#'%+.+*% % *'*% 2#(, *%+ &%"+)#)#%+ !

    2#( !*0#%+ &0 $#( +#( !'*!%1 "%1,

    ## *# "+' *( '*(, *%+ "%+ #-

    !%1- +'&/!%1 &%"*)%1. 2#( +*% )+#)*!#

    ( *# +*%#% *( '*(, * )1) *( "-

    &( &%+ &%*") * ) * *&* #$'*)

    *( )%+ * %+' *( '*!( %"*(.

    { } " " !" $$ # - ! !. " " $#". " " " $" $$" ! ! ! $ %" ", " $$ !" ! .

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    9/88

    /! 23 246%! /0!2% 23 82 31 % 3 +-

    $!, %/ /084/40#!1 34 +%4%04 %&+4. 81

    , 23 +"!*: 38/.

    :3% *03*:1 +!:1 2% 746! % :+%1 31 /%050%%1

    1 %++*1 %/*03%!1, % ! /%;! *! ! 746, 4/%0-

    *!% 3 $*330! *! 341 6!2;1 34 5!223*; *!-

    23

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    10/88

    /C +J9M?K L? U?K MCK JHA=H?F?K D;MH8K ? ;8-

    MJAMHNK ;=WF?K MAK 8QNAK DJAMCD9K ??NB?JHJHLFAK

    J;=;MHHAL;F ;8MJAM?K ?;F;LM7L?CK, LADRHK, ??-

    =8JL?CK =C; MAF ?AFHQN9 MHNK LNF8FRLA, ? QCLMH ;=;-

    BU MAF ?FUMAM; =C; ??NB?J;. F7FMC;, 7FM;, LMCK NH-

    >HNRMCD8K D;MH8K MAK 9LHN MHN N?J-HLCHN CFRCDH

    HCMCLH. $7 D;C MRF ?F LNF8?C; HCMCLMCDWF ;J;-

    RF ?AFCDWF ;CWF D;C MRF ?M8?CM; JCLMC;FCDWF C7MRM?K, ? HHD;NMW;M;, ? ;N-

    MHBNLC;@U?FHNK JU;HNK MAK ?=7AK 8FFHC;K D;C HNL;K

    =C; MAF ??NB?J; D;C MAF 8FRLA ? MAF 7>;. 0;J7 >? MHNK

    ?=7HNK D;M;MJ?=HK D;C D;M;LMJ?HK MRF ;U MHNK ?D7-

    LMHM? D;M;DMAM8K A B8ALA MRF +JAMWF =C; FRLA ?FC-

    LNUM;F? ?JCLLUM?JH =C; ?M?NA MAK ??NB?J;K.

    &C; MHF ;F8F>HMH ;NMU LDHU MAK LNF?HK ;=RFCLMC-

    DUMAM;K MAK DJAMCD9K QN9K ?CLA;FHFM;C (LMHF MUH $-

    % MAK CLMHJ;K %. 6C7DA) ?LM; UL; =C; MHF HCMCLU, =C;

    MAF ??NB?JHJHLFA D;C =C; MAF DJAMCD9 ?AFHLFA. 2N-

    =D?DJC8F;, LMA L?>; A' MAK ?CL;=R=9K MHN JWMHN MUHN

    H LHN>;HK *M;UK ;J;CHU=HK D;C ;J;CH>AK MRF

    DJAMCDWF ;J;CHM9MRF . ;JC7FAK =J7?C UMC: +J9MA

    ?F;C 7C; ??NB?J;K, ?CK 8FHF @N=UF >?F NHM7LL?M;C, HN>'

    ?7F ? ;CWF;K ?LUMAF

    HBF?HF A>8F; DMAL7?FHC D;M?>HNWBAL;F.... $DU; H =?J-

    ;FUK Ostin Prokesk Von Osten LMH 8J=H MHN Ersh und Gru-

    ber 3Z Z[a ??: "MAK +J9MAK A CLMHJ; ?J;MHMA UHN 7J-

    ?M;C A CLMHJ; MHN HCH DULHN"

    : - ...

    +C ;DU;, H A8M?JHK *. &?F7>CHK ? ;HJ9 MCK ?=7?K

    L;=8K ;U MHNK 3HJDHNK LMAF +J9MA MH 7CH MHN Za_

    8=J;Q? LMH ?JCH>CDU CB?WJALA MHN HF>FHN (MH 2?-

    M8CHN JUFHN), ; ?? >HNRB? ?M7 MAF D;M;LMJH9 MAK +H-

    JFBHN MH Z]_ .5. ;U MHF ;MH HCH. &C; F; ;FM8?C ?J

    M; Y JUFC; ??B?JA RK MAF D;M7DMAL9 MAK ;U MHF LMJ;-

    MA=U 8M?H, MHF +JAMCDU, HN MAF >HRL? MH _-_` .5.

    #RK, =C; MAF ?FR8FA QN9 +J9MAK ? 7>; H ;?-

    FALMHK ?J?C;FUK LMHF MJMH MUH "0?J +HJ;9 LN==J;9"

    =J7?C: ... $' A CDJ7 AWF ?F MA ?LH=?R 9?CJHK, A =?-

    F8M?CJ; ;NM9 MHN ?H MRF ?AFCDWF $JRF CUK D;C MHN

    ?F >HN ?C>CD;LMH FRHK, D;M8LMA ?JC7AMHK HN U-

    FHF D;M7 MRF ;JWF MHN ?BFCDH AWF ?BA ;NMUJA; "7>HK 7K D;C MHN

    ?AFCLH ??>HK $DJUHCK...

    #RK C; ;U MCK CH LA;FMCD8K ;FMCLM7L?CK ?;F;-

    LM7L?CK MHN +JAMCDH ;H =C; MAF ??NB?J; MHN 9M;F A >C'

    ;8LHN ?;F7LM;LAK D;C >C;;JMJALAK 8DJAA ;=;F7-

    DMALAK =C; MAF ;?UALA (JH>HL;) D;C ?WFALA (;=H-

    J7 RAL;) MAK ?F>HUM;MAK 9LHN +J9MAK ? MH ?-

    HA; MAK LMHNK F?MHK...

    ? LDAJ9 D;MH9 ;U MH Z[Y]-Z__ >A;>9 M?MJ;DU-

    LC; HUDAJ; JUFC; MNJ;FF;K (?NJR;SD9K). &C; F; MAF >C;-

    >?B? A ?U?FA MNJ;FF;, A HBR;FCD9, =C; 7; ]YY ?-

    JHN JUFC;.

    +J9MA: ;=WF?K LNF??K =C; MAF ??NB?J; D;C =C; MAF ?FC-

    ;; 8DJ;LA MAK ?AFCD9K QN9K. $=WF?K HN LNF?LMA-D;F ?;FWK ;U MAF ?;F7LM;LA MHN Za[Z D;C ;DU; JCF

    ;U ;NM9, =C; MAF ?AFCD9 ??NB?J;, =C;M H DJAMCDUK ;UK

    HN>8HM? ?FFUAL? F; ?;=HJ;LM? ;7 HM? F; M;? ?BFC-

    D7 D;C DHCFRFCD7.

    ? ;NM9 MAF 8FFHC; MAK ??NB?J;K D;C MAK FRLAK ?

    MAF 7>;, H +JAMCDUK ;UK ;=RFLBAD? ;F8F>HM; ;U MH

    Za[Z D;C ?M7 RK MAF ?JCUBAMA A8J; MAK FRLAK HN ;U

    MUM? DN;[email protected]?C A ?AFCD9 LA;; MAK DJAMH=?FHK D;C ?-

    AFH=?FHK ?FR8FAK QN9K.

    3WJ;, ? MHF ?HJM;LU MRF ZYY JUFRF ULH DC ;F HC H-

    8K ?D>AWL?CK L? UA MA >C7JD?C; MHN [YZ\ N?FBCL;F

    ?D?FA MAF 8F>HA 8J; MH ?D8; D;BWK D;C H BF7JAK

    %[email protected] B; ?F;C UHC ?JNHC, =C;M A +J9MA L9?J;, ;@

    D;C A 7>; >?F ?F;C C; ??B?J?K, ;F?7JMAM?K D;C DN-

    J;J?K HFMUMAM?K, 8L; LMAF ?FC;; LQNA ?AFCD9 MHNK

    HFMUMAM;.

    &C;M ;NM9 A HFMUMAM; 8?C 8HF >HNRB? D;C ?DRAB?

    L? ;F?F>H;LMHNK ?;=HJ;LM8K MAK 8=CLMAK +JAMH- ?AFCD9K

    ;K DAJHFHC7K, MAF HH; ??K ;FM;7;? ? 8F;F N-

    >;H D;C HCJ;H Q?N>H?N>;CHFCLU. / HHHK, URK, ?;-

    MLBAD? LMA C8H>HN HCMCLH...

    &C; F; JH

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    11/88

    - /$#$ $ 9;3#4

    &4 $21#54 *

    !0* 617 1+1>

    1651> 56*/ 3"-

    .

    - 9/* 6*4 2$$=6-

    *4 $/+3?2/*4 2$317-

    $4 56*/ 3"6* /61-

    56*$/ 56$ $6?63$

    3?$6$ 6*4 /;51>

    !14 F*4 96#$4 2..).

    - *$/6 /1+-

    73"$6$ 561/ $-

    $2, 6* =367/$, 56$

    2"$$ 6*4 $1>4,

    4 +7#$4 56*/

    /5=, 6*4 3$2!$4

    1 $5#+ $ 5 52"-

    $ 6*4 '76"4 3"6*4.

    - 3=1'14 56* '1-

    " 6;/ 1*6;/,

    17'?$6$, 2/+=6-

    $ 6#3$, $6$57"/ $2= 2*=,

    $=5*5* $ 3&$#;/ $2= #+174, 73#;4 1:$/=, 156

    0>$. 8/5* 6;/ 23?6;/ ';#;/, $+56?/ &7/$#;/

    138?/, ;4 #$ 23?6* !/'0* $63#$4 $4 &7/$#$4 +=-

    6$4.

    ) (2600-1!00 ..)

    - *$/6" 6$%1" 5 =174 6174 61#4 6*4 1/;/#$4

    6*4 11/1#$4 6*/ #51'1 617 9$1>.

    - /2670* 6*4 /$76#$4, 6*4 &;3$4 $ '*173$ 21-

    ?/ !/63;/ 73#;4 56*/ /63" 3"6*.

    - 8/5* 15?/ #9/* 211'1"4 13&/;5*4, 6-

    ;/ $39661/= 59!'1 $ 0!0* 6*4 3$"4, 6*4

    6$169/#$4, 6*4 9375191$4, 6*4 +169/#$4, 6*4 583$&-

    &78#$4 $ 93"5* 6*4 23?6*4 138"4 &3$8"4, 6*4 31-

    78"4.

    ) (1!00-100 ..)

    - /$30* 6*4 23?6*4 5*$/6"4 23='17 617 /;1>

    21651>, 6*/ $$6?'* $/2670* 6*4 216"4, 1-

    /;/"4, 11/1"4 $ +3*576"4 ;"4.

    - '375* 6;/ 23?6;/ $/$6=3;/, 6356;/ $ 217'$#-

    '$;/, 56*/ /;5=, 6* $56=, 6$ $ $ 6* 31.

    - @*173$ 5973"4 /$76"4 '>/$*4 $ $" 6;/ 6-

    9/?/, 73#;4 6*4 3$"4 ($&$ $$3$ 37+1>).

    - $6$56318" 6;/ $/$6=3;/ &>3; 561 BFAA 2.. 6 $2=

    5973= 55= 217 !2*0 61 /*5#.

    ) (100-1400 ..)

    - '375* /!;/ &$1232!563;/ $/$6=3;/, 56*/ #'$

    +!5* 6$ 2$ $ !/$30* 6*4 21 $23"4 23='17 617 -

    /;1> 21651>.

    - &$>631 $ 5*$/6=631 61 $/6131 6*4 /;51>,

    57/1"4 !6$5*4 CC.AAA 6.., 23%$/ 217?318$

    ';6$, 8;6$&;&1>4, $21+"4, +*5$73187$, 3&$56"-

    3$, $63761>4 $ 174 9?3174.

    - /2670* &>3; $2= 6$ $/613$ 2172*+?/ 2=;/, 21-

    76?/ 2$>;/ $ $&31?/.

    - /$7:* $356173&*$6?/ 73*6;/, =2;4 61-

    91&3$8?/, 66173&?/ $&/, 15*6;/, ';#;/, -3$?/, #+/;/ $ 6$?/ 57?/, 583$';/, =2;/

    $ 2/$#';/ 3$"4 $ 3$"4 &3$8"4.

    - 356" $6$56318" 6;/ $/$6=3;/ 561 6!14 6*4 -

    1$/$613"4 23='17, 0$6#$4 55?/ $ 2$331 #&1 6 61 BDAA

    2.. $ $/2670* /!;/ !/63;/, =2;46*4 3&17, 6*4 1733"/$4, 6*4 7-

    ';/#$4.

    - 8/5* 7*/$8;/$ 61/

    *31, $39*&= 6174 61/ '1/!$.

    - $6$56318" 6;/ 7*/$

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    12/88

    D195*, A5*

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    13/88

    - 3&/;5* &$ '=1 23#217 $>/4, '$'19>/ 2$/$565;/

    2< $391/6!4 3*6!4 11&!/4, //6$ 56*/ $6$256"

    /6" 73$39#$, /$), 732174, 61/ 65!/61

    13/31 $ 61/ >3&1 1366*.

    - ?$/ '*/ //6$

    561/ 6173< 7&/ 56$ 8$ $/#;/ (BI $17 AHBA).

    - $6$561" 6*4 $2< 61 176/1 6* 57/'31" 617 ;-

    96 * 6*4 &=2617 (AHBD).

    - /$;2=3;5* 6*4 2$/56$5*4 6*/ $6*:* 617

    83173#17 6*4 3$%1=5$4 $2< 6174 2$/$5664 (AHBEAHBH).

    66$ 617 23>6* $6*9* 6$/* 564 AH $17 561

    3$&1561.

    - 2175#$ 6*4 3"6*4 $2< 61 /15=56$61 */< 3614,

    5=8;/$ 61 3;6( =/K'&",(!&$*&"LouisDuprG/$&(B/$+B0(&!B&$=:&(H&K).

    90%J=$+$I &=Morosini,'I%# %"$+&",(&'$%'J %' &"AI% 0%,$%B0(&!B ).

    @&$* ('&HE$)#%;.3#$I*&".$"I%% ,H!EH&%J#%K&'$#%% ='%I =&"1821 %$B %%I&=0(&!B ).

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    14/88

    1841- /#+71& +!0 %!-

    12!1&0 !9 230 !$%*4:0

    !/2& 12& $32 /2& !

    + !1*#;/#& 12&+ !+!-

    *. 235! %!+12!-

    &0 ! %!+!4/ 23 3-

    !4 !1 (>EA?) 70 %+-

    : [email protected]

    ), % 2&+ $1& !32/!-

    /: $!2#!20 (22

    3!#:+, >EBC).

    - $*71& +!20

    !3/#+&, *9#7 27+ +7+ 49/7+ ! 2&0 !32!/50 $&1&0

    %2350 "!1 23 % 2&+ !/!5;/&1& +7+ /+7+ (>EBE).

    1866-69

    - +!/& %#*&0 /&20 %!+12!1&0 % !2&! 2&+ +7-

    & (:#3120 >ECC !+3/0 >ECF).

    - *!:27! 2&0 +0 /!$3 12 '3+ (F %"/3

    CC).

    - !/!5;/&1& /+7+ 1230 5/12!+:0 % 2&+ 3#/!-

    23 /#!+: 93 (!+3/0 >ECE).

    1878

    - !/!"!1& 27+ $!2%7+ 23 /#!+: 93 !9 230 3-

    13*+30.

    - 4!/# /#!+: 93 %2 !9 2&+ 22! 2&0 3/!0

    12 7123/9 9*% ! 2 3+$/ 23 %/*+3 (>@ 3-

    +3 >EDE).

    - /&& %!+12!1&0 1% 9* 2 +&1.

    - !/!5;/&1& &!32+!0 ! +7+ 4*%*%:'%/7+ /-

    +7+ % 2&+ 3#/!4 2&0 :"!1&0 2&0 !*!0, 12 ;+3-

    /12 27+ !+7+ (2;"/0 >EDE).

    1889

    - ! %!+!12!2 +&2&1&, %2 2&+ !2'%1& 6&4-

    1!20 !9 2 9! 27+ 3+2&/&2;+, 3 /3% 2&+ +71&

    2&0 /2& % 2&+ **$! (C !3 >EEF).

    - /3& 2&0 %!+12!1&0 !9 2&+ 3"/+&1& 23 !/-

    *3 /:&.

    - !& !+2$/!1& !9 2&+ 3/! % 2&+ %"* 12/!272-

    : +93, !+*&1& 27+ $!2%7+ 2&0 :"!1&0 2&0 !*!0 !

    %/2&1& !'%12;20 2//!2!0 (>EF=->EFB).

    1895 - 1896

    - /#+71& 2&0 %2!*2%320 2/0, 2 >EFB !9 2+

    !+:1 :+$3/ (/72$&0 12+ !+7+), % 19

    2&+ %!+!4/ 27+ /+7+ 2&0 :"!1&0 2&0 !*!0.

    - +!/& %!+12!1&0 ! */! 2&0 23/0 4/3/0 233 !+7+ (A->E !3 >EFC).

    - 4!#0 ! *%&*!1%0 %+!+2+ 27+ 5/12!+;+ 3/70 12! !-

    + ! 12 /*% (>EFC).

    - $5 23 +3 /#!+1: /2&0 !9 2+ 3*2+, %2

    !9 1%0 27+ %#*7+ EFD).

    - /#+71& %!+!12!2: 12/!2$3 12 /72/ !+7+,

    % 19 2&+ +71& 23 +&1: % 2&+ **$!.

    - 12* %**&+: 12/!2: !250 39 2+ *+2! 1-

    1 (> %"/3!/3 >EFD).

    - "!/$190 23 12/!2$3 /72&/3 !9 2 129* 27+

    %#*7+ EFE) ! 2%/!2190 2&0 !/!7+&0 23/0 !250.

    - /17/+ $!3"/+&1& 23 +&1: !9 2 2%*%129+

    /2&0.

    (1840 - 1898)

    ;=;"#$;#%;#$=#$#;$'#%%+%$%;.=).

    ;$2;!2,;;#%=%;$;$;$2;2

    (#$$%>;$$>;&$.;/;(:%2;'%:2

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    15/88

    1899-1905

    - #2/ #65;03 25+!3 0+5'"#3 #+ &+02+4;3 2"-

    +1# ':2%"06 :3 1#506 2045! 2!53 (0$2+03 @FGF).

    - *064+=&3 610&08! 506 #1; 50 25+; #; #+ 5063

    628063 5: '%: >6':, #5 5 7+/! 506 450

    + 53 0''$2"06 @FGF).

    - !7+4 506 12=506 65%#503 53 25+!3 0+-

    "#3 #+ 48#5+4;3 53 12=53 6$243 (12"+03GG).

    - 6'508! 506 '6*'2"06 '+06 45 6$24

    3 6$0'$2+03 @G?D) #+ 48-

    #5+4;3 #3 6$243, ' 5 46'508! 506 '6*'2"-06 '+06 :3 6$0+#0#5+!3 6$243

    (5=$2+03 @G?F

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    16/88

    /218 2&0 /1&0 (9"3120 =D). *9'&1$ & /&& 23

    *+9 *3 (@ 27!/3 =D=>).

    - ;/180 23 /:23 "$+9 ;&2 /2&0, 23 2-

    +3 ;/"9& (2:!/0 =D=>).

    - "/4 2&0 3+'&0 23 +#+3 12& *& 23

    *+9 *3 (=B 3 =D=?). /2&1& 23 3*-

    +3 8 '$ #7 $3//50 12&+ /2& -

    /#1 2&0 12 !*+ /2&.

    - "/4 2&0 3+'&0 23 33/$123 12& *&

    23 *+9 *3 (>C 3*3 =D=?). /2&1& 2&0

    3*"/0 27+ **7+ !*+:+ /2:+ 8 '$ 7-

    1& 12&+ /2& /#1 2&0 12&+ **#.

    - "/4 2&0 3+'&0 27+ '&+:+ $29 **#0

    3/0 (= $!/3 =D=?), " 2& /9'1& 27+ $-

    /30 '$27+ 3 4/91+ 2 +&1.

    - /3& 2&0 +71&0 2&0 /2&0 $ 2&+ **# 1$ $-

    1&& 2$*$2 12 /9/ / +7+ (= ;$$!/3 =D=?),

    $ 2&+ /31 23 !1* 7+12+2+3, 23 /7'3-

    3/"9 *$3'$/3 $+%*3, /347+ "7+12:+, 870

    +"+:12&0 +20 2% 5*&0 ++/&0

    *'0 813.

    OF4! E#&>F%E&>,F/&FF/&!,FC&F(#%F/%%D#BF/&!FF/%F B%FF%F%HF/%F(#" !(&!#CF/>F4H>F 1910).

    =/E+%&>F,(#D/&>F%*>F7#B/>.

    F/&F8&%C%&,FG/HF/FB$F/&!FF*%*&J;&EG&!F F1912).FLFIllustration,F11F6%&!#C&!F1913.F

    :F4! E#&>F%E&>,F&FE/>F*F&F%/(#&"(C>F/"%*%*D%F7#/D%,F*/HF/%F!(+BF/>F=!% B*>F/&!&!*&!#/C&!F 1913).

    5F(CGF//BF/>F?%">F/>F7#B/>F/&F+#&J#&F'#*HF 1

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    17/88

    (1916)

    - 0#82' !31 *1 ;'1 23' %22!+*',

    3 3' $0*%! 34 !#*24 +4, !/: "%&%+-;1 !8!3*;1 (@G 4#;234 ?G?D).

    - /346! 34 %&+4 ! %3!/%2% 3 "!2+ 8-

    !3 81 /01 3' %2$ 3'1 6> 424+8 !/: 3' 03'.

    - !023* ' 24"+ 341 23' !#03* !/34'

    3'1 03'1, % 3' !;'2' 3'1 !/%+*!++0#%!1 *! 3'1

    *!/*!++0#%!1 *! % 3' *!3!2*%4 23!5$%0#-

    23!28.

    - 2642' 3'1 *!1 *! 34 %/04 34 '-

    2;, +:#8 3'1 !1 3%6#82!1 /4 %2#!#! -

    *0!23%1 /0:254#%1.

    (1936)

    - !31 34 +%4%04 %&+4 23 !02, 23 $!-

    02! 3'1 $; /&: @@, %3 !/: %#*%5!+* 245:0'2'(?F !034 ?GAD).

    - 5' 3'1 20; 23 /03& 3'1 3!+!1 *! /!0!+!-

    " 3'1 !/: 3 /+%*: /+ !;+1 4340

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    18/88

    (1938)

    - #*71& +20 12 + 8 *290 8-

    230 7290 " 2&+ +2/ 2&0 #22/0 23

    ++& $2 (=B 3*3 B).

    - #1& #""*20 8 2 /#47+8 12'8 27+ -7+, $ 2 *91+ 2 *8, 20 +*$0 #3+$0 2

    1* + +2/63+ 2& #22/ + $+4/3+ 2&

    &/2.

    - /72$/"2$0 23 +20 2+ /12+&0 &-

    2&0, $/*0 /"3/83*0, 12/2&"80 +20, -

    910 *3#&0, +3* *2%0, 7++&0 3-

    &0, /19!3*0 *#0, 7++&0 %&0, *35/8+&0 -

    5/+#&0, 3""$*0 2%&""$*0, 0 192&0, 3"-

    *0 212&0, 312/20 $7/"*#&0 **.

    - +3* 13#$/80, 3/$ 3/82$/0 5/&2-

    2&0 23 +20.

    - +2& 23 +20 1$ $3/92$/& $+122 #/-

    &, 3 /"+:'&$ 8 $2/ *2:+ 12&+ '+.

    - $1& & +2#/1& 23 $2, / 2+ /58 4+-

    18, $ 2&+ 12* 12/272:+ +32:+ #3+$-

    + 12&+ /2& 2& *, 70 !1& $5$/1$7+ 2 27+

    +&2:+.

    - 235 23 +20 *8"7 2&0 0 /"+71&0 $-

    9 27+ 13+2$*$12:+ 23, 2&0 310 *20 12/-

    720 12/&0, 2&0 $9*&0 212*0 23 70 $//1+3

    9 +20 3/70 *8"7 2&0 **$6&0 23 /293

    30, 23 *$3'$/3 $+%*3 (=C 3*3 B).

    1941

    - $"+80 "810 $!*$0 & $ +2121& 27+ /&-

    :+ $++2+ 2&0 "$/+ $1!* 2 2& #/$ 23

    "13 *3.

    - 2/2&"0 1&10 & 2*&6& 23 +&19, *8"7 2&0

    "$7"/40 23 '1&0.

    - 2*&6& 2&0 '+0 8 230 $/+90 $"2-

    121& 23 !1* $7/"3 2&0 $**&+0 3!/+&1&0

    12 + (=> /*3

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    19/88

    A

    (1821-1913)

    &*#1+!2 #4"34#3 48 14*-

    +; #4"/ 48 +#4#+44;

    4/52, *&*#"41# #09 4/ =?/ #*-

    ;# .. #*;# +#* 0*4#, "-

    #* 6#*9/ /#&*+9 34

    34/1"#. "+/3* 04 %2 !

    *+19412 0##343*2 3-

    *;/4#* 4 01"/&/ 42

    4/+1#4"#2. 09 4/ [email protected], 94# /* /1+/* +#4#$# 4# #-

    , 82 4/ =CDC 41 &;&+# 0##343*2 +#* +*!#-

    . *+! 35"&3 48 14; !4# &*#/168 #*-

    2 01* #09 4/ =D/ #*;#, 4/ #*;# 48 *+*3;, / /0/"-

    &*/1%3 4# 3%71/# +14. ;5/* +#* 0;5/*

    1!42 #%8*342 /1%8# /0 #4"34#3 34/52 +#4#-

    42 (8#"/52, 1#$2, 4/2, /1+/52). 43* &*#-

    16;+ / 40/2 4/5 +14*+/ 0##344, 0/5 "7 4# -

    1*# 4/5 34# /1* 781* +#* 34*2 &3$#42 +14*+2 #&12:

    #"/2, +#141*+92, //52.

    / =D/ #*;# /* 71*34*#/" 42 1!42 0// 4*#

    / /54/ %16/4#2 34*2 3#"2 4/52: 51"# ! -

    #4/2, 83*2 ! #4/2. *34/1*+92

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    20/88

    20| & .

    1*%71, 81 +=8/>88" 839, 81 :038%&1 839 /& 81

    $1 839 [...]. 91348/$ 4&5397%&7 86 4"06 8=1 5-/@1 * 8396 3?5/396 831 CI3 &@1& /& 86 435*%&6 839

    8/3? +8$&836 #;5 81 1=7 *4;*5*%8& 786 *4>-

    1*6 4&5&5":396.

    824> 83 CHCG #;391 /&8#' 781 5$8 /$59/*6 86 0-

    $6 8&5*%&6, 3 343%3 453*83%&7&1 81 *4&1"78&7. *-

    2? &[email protected] $8&1 3 &139$0 *51"536, 3 &51"'&6 "/&036

    3 *4%7/3436 *0;7*#/ A*7438"/6. 43:&7%+*8& /$-

    2 86 *4&1"78&76 * 791#0*97 781 &1&%& 9&1$

    =1 :&/%=1. 86 CE 391%39 7*@1*8& [email protected] "; 86

    &1"78&76 839 DC 781 5$8, 7831 3?03 !&1%=1. 3?5-

    &4&183?1 * &18%431&. 4&;31%+391 831 *4%7/343 -

    "39 *0;7*#/ /& 7:"+391 *5=#1396 /& 0&> 783 5"-

    *3 86 5$86. /05#6 ";*6 7*@/&1 783 #573 /&

    1 43/>5=1&. 3?5/3 41%391 * /&41> CFB 91&/>-

    && 783 74$0&3 86 5931*5%&6. 536 83 8#036 839 ;5>-

    9 :8"1* 781 5$8 =6 *1/>6 #4&5;36 3 ;&$0 3-

    11>6 :*183?06.

    822 45374"*& & 81 /&8"0 8396 58/3?6 &4389;"1* /& 3 "0036 :0#001&6

    &0#785&6 7/[email protected]*8&. 3 "3 78396 5#1396 43/[email protected]

    9 /&43 5&/0*%39. 3 ;*@1& /&8&785#:* 83 3534#-3 &7%39.

    8233 "3 :8"1* 781 %7&3 3 &139$0 34"+6 =6

    &5378$6 /& /95*?* 83 :53?53 839 &78*0%39 7"39.

    3?5/3 43035/3?1 8396 ;578&13?6 78& 74$0&& 86 -

    0"839 /& 839 *031%39 903438"39, 8396 343%396 /&

    &1&[email protected] #*6 91"*6 395/3&948%=1 * &5;> 83

    &45> 839 =;"*8 0 :8"1391 781 5$8. 30?1*/5*6

    ";*6 *2$;7&1 786 395#00*6 /& 781 %& &5'"-

    5&. 91#0*97 8=1 [email protected] 1 86

    *1&97%39 834/$6 3/$7*=6 86 1$739 5$86.

    824 !397*1 0*0&8*% 8& ;=5" 839 43/>5=1& /& *7'"-

    0* 78& :&/", 781 %7&3 /& 83 #013. :&$ 783 &-

    :31$7. &/>6 */4&857>6 58/@1 &4> 83 3985> /&

    8 A98/$ 5$8. #0 &39 3 !397*1 &1&:#5* >8 /&8#-

    412* 81 *4&1"78&7 781 5$8.

    825- 826* *9:9#6 7;#3 3 58/3% /&8&0&'"1391 8 5&-

    '3?7&, 343%& & 85%& ;5>1& (CHDF-CHDH) %1*8& 83 >13

    *0*?*53 8$& 86 5$86 &4> 83 343%3 2*/13?7&1 3 5&-

    '397&13% $ &074#5*6 /& 8=53?7&1 8396 3?5/396.

    8 5&'3?7& 35&[email protected]/* 3/7>6. *4&1&78"8*6 & 1&

    *4'@7391 781 "31 '5&;317%& &7;30$/&1 * 81

    4*5&8*%&.

    827 5&'397&13% 45374&3?1 1& &1&[email protected]

    81 *4&1"78&7 781 5$8 * 785&8303%*6 58/@1 &4>

    81 *034>1173, #87 @78* 5$8 1& 794*50:*% *

    86 *4%7*6 91$/*6 781 *001/$ *4/5"8*&. 43'-

    '"+391 4309"53 785&8> * &5;> 831 ="11 !"0 786

    &1&830/#6 *4&5;%*6 839 173?.

    =6 *4;*%57 781 &1&830/$ 5$8 8*0/" &43-

    89;"1* /& 3 5&'397&13% *4785#:391 78 5&'3?-

    7&.

    828 !&8+;"06 8&0"16 * 45>7/07 /& 733-

    7%& 8=1 5&'397&[email protected] &43''"78/* 78 5&'3?7& /&

    &4> */*% &43:"77* 1& &18*8=4%7* 8396 3?5/396 783

    5&/3/"78*003. */785&8*%& 78& :&/" /&8#02* 783 "-

    1&83 83 8&0"1 /& 8=1 785&[email protected] 839.

    9'*51$86 &43%785&6 &43:&7%+* 1& 4&8"2* 81

    4*5&8*%& 8=1 5&'397&[email protected] 03"003 /&8&785#:391

    83 78>03 8=1 5&'397&[email protected] /& 4&5&%391 8 5&'3?-

    7& 7831 03 7918&&8"5; 95/39"8. 1&35&[email protected]*-

    8& 83 58/> 9'3?03 * */[email protected] &4> >0 81 5$-

    8. 8 *7&5" 3 ;578&13% &1&[email protected] 831 *1%87&53

    530%.

    8291845>7=436 839 &43%785& 781 5$8 35%+*8& 3 -

    />0&36 *1#56. ;*>1 >0 ?4&536 86 5$86 '5%7/*8&

    78& ;#5& 8=1 *4&1&78&[email protected], */8>6 &4> 8& :53?5& 78& 343%&

    #;391 /&8&:?* 3 3?5/3.

    !$!"$!!#!" !!!!!!# !

    "!!!!! !!! !#

    !! !!1866

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    21/88

    183' 50 25;00 506 0&"06 506 @FA?,

    2!5 '+ / #1; 5# ;2+# 506 06 '-

    0< 25063. + 2!5'3 #%##506-

    68=3 #+ #65! 5 702 &' 10-

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    22/88

    ;0 !A0D8. &: #. NE=6:B [email protected]?A6L?E= CD8=

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    23/88

    E A ,

    (1830-1913)

    { } #% +%, !%# %* $* %( *#'!(!%(, & % 1830 !$)$ % *#'!!'% '( % 1913. # % &'#$ $'%# %*(*!&$, $% &!& $* % %,' %( #$( '!%( &$( %( #%(, !* $%&$% % % %( "#*( %* *+.

    ! -

    & $

    #!( !(, !

    # $-

    !, -

    ( $ !

    ' '.

    ,

    & & (, " ! -

    ( & ! # ! &

    , ! "! !"

    ! !$% , ! !# " -

    '.

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    24/88

    39 72= 6*/ $2" 6*4 3;5"4 231?+*5*4 561

    &$#1, '$58$#56* * +/" $/0$36*5#$ 6*4 -'$4 61 3;61=17 617 1/'#/17 (BIDA) 217

    ;4 =3 61/ $215= 6*4 3"6*4 $2= 6$ */

    /13$ 2$3 64 '2;$6!4 '$$3673#4, $ 64

    $/$56$6!4 $/6'354. $ =* 6*/ 2=/* '-

    6#$ * 3"6* 23"+ 56174 &>26174. 61 6!14

    4 * 23=6$5* 23# *&1/#$4 6>217 17 $2133#-

    +* $2= 6174 3*61>4 (BIDJ), /? * 2316$+#5$

    &" 23156$5#$ '/ %3" $/6$2=35*. 3"6*,

    6* 5>%$5* 617 1/'#/17 (BIEA), 2$/"+ 56* '-

    1'15#$ 617 176/17, /? * 2$/$56$6" -

    *6121#*5* ($3!6*) 617 BIEB $2!%* $32*.

    017 "'* 6 61 BIDA 1 23;6$&;/56!4 6*4

    *6"4 2$/56$5*4 $/$"6*5$/ $6$8>&1 561

    >+31 */= 3614, 8$/=/1 217 +$ 2$/$-

    %$/=6$/ 561 6!14 + $21679*!/*4 0!&35*4.

    76= 7/=*5 6* '$=38;5* /=4 59731> 2$3-

    /6$ /#5975*4 6;/ 3*6?/ 2$/$565;/ $ 5>-

    80*4 6;/ +/?/ '5?/, /? 2*3!$5 $+13-

    6*/ 2"6*5* 6*4 !/;5*4 6=51 $2= 6*/ 3*-

    " =51 $ $2= 6*/ */" 273.

    $3=$ $76 $6 $31>4 !&/$/ 231654

    3*6?/ &$ $&&" 231536*5*, 217 '/ $2!';-

    $/. 3"6* "6$/ +$75$... ;4 2314 61 !'$814,

    #$, 6* 563$6*&" +!5*, =;4 6*/ $611>-

    $/ CAA.AAA */4, =2;4 !& 9$3$6*356 &-

    14 563$6;6=4. (/'$8!3175$, 56$, #/$ *

    1757*6*!/* %36$/" 2316#*5* &$ 6*/ >231.)

    4 * >5* $2=52$5*4 $2= 6*/ 1+;$/" 7-

    $39#$ 57*6"+* * *&1/#$, 217 721/+$/ $

    1/1$5#4 +5?/ $ 564 583$'4 6;/ 2$/$-

    $6?/ 617 BIEB $ 617 BIFI, 2$3 6*/ $6$'#* 6;/*/?/ 7%3/"5;/. 3*61#, ;56=51, '$3-

    ?4 $/$*61>5$/ $>631 216$= $+56?4.

    6 61/ 3$;/ "/;/, 93#1/6$/ $6 $31>4 *&!-

    4 '$8136" 81518#$: 72156*36"4 6*4

    &*4 '!$4 1 !0$/'314 1717/'1>314, 217 #9+ $ ;4 +1/6"4 $9*6"4 56*/ 3"6*, 1/

    1/56"4 1 @. 1>&$3*4, 12$'1# 6*4 $/$"6*5*4

    2;$6?/ >5;/ 1 . @*&?3&*4 $ 1 . 3-

    >2*4, 217 !%2$/ 61 3*6= ;4 2679" 617 /$-

    1>, 2561# 12$'1# 6*4 1&*4 565*4 1 6 61

    JH 7%3/?/64. 1 6174 =;4 $/ $ $11>-

    *5$/ '$8136!4 6$6!4, #9$/ 1/= 01/$ 6*/

    2187&" */16173"4 3"0*4, =&; 6;/ 73;-

    $

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    25/88

    7&8. /B8 A6758 6735A9 93 **201& +0-

    ='709, 93 7& [email protected] *3>9& 9A9

    8 #2%68. 90, *1/0+7A/1 1/9B8 0;-

    535'8 95 39', 36A99538 3 1501& 30-

    67$/9 10 67057'538 5 3+098. 65;=' ;5A 5; 3%5; 1/-

    9B58 $3504 5 [email protected] *0 5 %258 8 5/>301&8

    15=&8.

    0 7*+'8 652001%8 42'408 93 **A8 35-

    2&, 650101& 4$62>9 **2>3 $22>3 10 2B393 9 8 5;2*-

    7'8 3 6759$79 8 35201&8 >;2'8 10

    +;301& +0'9+;9 8 ;97'8 9 21301& +01-

    +'19, 3 3/$77;39 8 **2'8 *0 [email protected]*5;8 *-

    *257>9015A 3*>3095A, 67%93 1/570901$ 3

    3/B79 8 9$98 >3 09=;7B3 95 [email protected]

    &. 5 4A 93 7& *0 [email protected]*5;8 1;7'>8 50-

    1535015A8 4%969 63$99 5; EHHI, 65; 5+&-

    *9 93 $79 @2>3 >3 67535'>3 5; EHGH 10 93

    637'8 3 ;659&-

    704& 8 5 EHIF 93 7& 4%969 6520-

    ;01& 63$99, 65; 652&/1 %353 [email protected] 5

    [email protected] 17$58. [email protected] 50 7&8 65/5A903 ... 3

    $ 8 22$+58 %3>903, +3 65175A5;3 3 652';

    ;652%8 3 > 5;2$3>... @>8 **;%353 67$

    >3 *$2>3 C;3$>3, %*7

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    26/88

    2+ & 0$ '1*$ 0$ $0&' 5$, " "-

    &' 1+'$$ ("0&+). 0$ !&"%

    9&$ 05 5 '&'9 *&'+$05& 0$ "&5 05 "$&'9 %"9 0$ 0$,

    5$ 0 ++": +80" 7 !&"%+8 74"5

    3" 5&%" +80" 7 "$&' "3" 10""-

    . $ "5+&0&' 00$&' 05 15-

    0$ "&+3 "3" !$ !&2+++&$%".

    +

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    27/88

    { }

    '! !&' &'! (! '" #'%" '" 1910, " !"* '! !*$%"* #"'* (!"* ##". '! !* ""%)!"* #"'* &'' '" "" &$'"* '* ''"")'*, #" '"! #%$'" & %()! "' &'* "*- &(' &)*, ! ! + & ! &!!'* '", ! + #%""(& !" '* &* '! !'#%(&

    '" '"! %# $%" '" %" '" &'" %&".

    )) 0)/# %0'/# *%#

    &)*1*!# !2! 0*#

    )# *( %'1)( *%+, )*#

    "* +#**%( )*( 7 -

    &*'%+ ! )* ') )*( 46

    %'%+. ) *# ''%-

    ' *%+, *( &')( !

    %'1)( *%+ *( &'2*( &'0-

    +, &')/ # )+#)/ *%+( &'%'*!%1(

    0%+( *%+ #"%+ *( &'0%+ 443-53 *( -

    '( *( )!( *%+. #( %( &0'%+ &%+ )* )

    + 4%+ 2#, &%) # )&%+) #%! ) #

    )!0 &)*% # &0 0#% *%+ # " &'%(

    &'%)!%1( %'%#*(. " *% %&%% )+#*")*!

    # &% &%+ ! ""% #% %!%#2# )*! %-

    #%! #) ! )*! &"* &%)# #

    #%+# *'% !0'%, ) # &'""%# &%+ '-

    # %'2#* * * " '*! )*)

    + 4988-8.

    &0 &%"1 #/'(, % #"%( &!*) * 0

    !': &0! &%( )* )+# #

    )*# )!) )*( $#( "2))(- ! !""'-

    ) * ""! &0 *% )%"% )*# #, * '#-

    E I-A %## # # " " " # !# " " , #" " #" . $"

    4#3-4!3-44 0456-442-44'.4+65.

    424#4&0-441898,44446444".+444#3-4!3-,%6-46-4 -)44(-"56-4444 .4/6-,4".'6-,4#55.4$6-.4

    (.4*6-,4#.4!3-,4&.45-,/.4*6-,4 . 40-44".'6-,4534-4#0-4#434 ,41897.

    4#3-4!3-,4-4-440-,45444'4#44&.

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    28/88

    "

    # "

    " " ,

    #. "

    " ".

    / $ 216>/ 2-

    *>/ 61 AEAE, " 61 (7871/ 617,

    6/ '(>/ 217 1 #'14 3*6 $/&( 564 $39!4 6*4 $-

    "4 2$/56$5*4, "6$/ * (8*(3#'$ ' 217

    (0!''( $2< 6$ 6!* 617 ADDD 4 6$ !5$ 617 ADDE 4

    !14 6*4 1'$4 6/ (713(6>/.

    '* $2< 6$ 23>6$ 617 (#(/$ +!6( 6* (!6* 617

    56*/ 72*3(5#$ 6/ (29(3*6/ 617. $3'(&$

    * $/$813 617 561/ Mirabeau &$ /$ 56*3#0( 61 (2-

    9(#3* 617 617 8=17 (#-

    /$ * (2#6(70* 6*4 231

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    29/88

    #!.&.& (!,&.&%!,&.&(!$!.& $ / *+* 0+*1!% 4 !0&*!/# # !/-0$%/%& +*%#, * +*'%/%&6 1%'!'!0$!%6

    ! /# '!%/*0 /*0 &*%(**0'!0/%*7 &% /#( (/%-

    +$!# /4( &*/4( &% /#( ) /# &*/%-

    /# 9%*#, 0(*+/%&, *% 2 % &*%(4(%& +6-

    ** &% !0#! $!!'%4(! /* !6 /4( (-

    $4+(4( %&%4/4( &% /*0 (/%+*4+!0/%&*7 +*-

    '%/!7/*.

    '' &% /* +!* /# +&/%& +*'%/%&, # +*-

    8$## /4( !$(%&8( /624( ++!% ( !+%%42$! /*(

    &/''#'* 26(* &% +6 /#( &*%(**0'!0/%& %-

    %&.

    &/#%/%& !(% !)''*0, +6 /#( 2 /# +*-

    '%/%& /*0 +*0 # +/# % 0+6!0# ! /#($( /* "/# /# '7# /*0 /%&*7 "#//*:

    1!% /% A *0 ;AAB, ! (4+ /#( &0)# /#

    (4# +6 /# 0(/##/%& (/%+*'/!0#, &%8

    6,/% '!! /* ;B;;: $'%& & %%&, (# " (-

    &/, " ! "+!%" ('$"" ' 21 & #'$'

    & "&! / +"/ (&& & ('$"'%&& !/

    *)(!/, (*'/ ' $$!&"& &'/. '' &&'! (

    & "&&& / 0/ ' $$!&"+%' " " '' ("-

    ++'+" !+0&, (/ ' $$!&"+%/ (*++ "

    *+! & ! $$$ (*"++". $& +%*'& &

    (*$+! !& &"& (*+& " !& &*-

    +"& & '"'&'%")& ' $$!&"' &'/ "(*" $!-

    %, "(*" *'& &"(*""&.

    !/ /* ;[email protected], '' &04 !/ /* ;B=, +*/-

    $!/% &% ''# +!/* /#( %**+ /4( 2!%%-

    8( /*0 !$(%&*7 "#//*. /%, /# 0(/&/%& 0-('!0# /*0 ;B? /*("!% /# '&(%& %/# /*0

    /%&*7 "#//*, ! )*( /4( !(!!%8( +(/ /*

    !''#(%&6 &/*:

    &/ "&'$''% "" & *)+%& &

    '*&)+%& +*& &%&'& & +! !%/ "/ !& -

    & (*$$!$'& !/ +*""/ '*&)+/ $$&

    *)& ' %', " %/ %" (("+%&'/ ", &

    +"%& ' $$!&"& *'/ $ *+! +*& -

    &%&'& & "/ !& & (*$$!$'& (*'/ '/ +*-

    '/ & $$& *)& ' %', ' (*& !/ %-

    &/ & &%& &" " ('$ +('"*'/

    " !%/ (* '& (*'& !/ +*""/ %/ '*-

    &)+/. (% &%8 # &/!7$0(# +*0 $!! !

    !1* 4 +4$0+*06 /# '' /* ;B;.

    0(*'%&6/!, *% "! /*0 +*'%/%&*7 +*/*

    ! /* *+** !1(/#&! /#( $( /* ;B; (%-

    2(!7*(/% # +6 /* ;AAB. (% # 0(/## /# !+%-

    4)# /*0 !$(%&*7 /62*0 /# (4# ! /*( &*%-

    (4(%&6 /62* /# !0#! &% /# (+/0)#. +*-

    /%& '4# /*0 &6/* /4( %'!'!0$4(

    / !0& # (1!%:

    ' ! ($*+"/ & &")& !%)& (& & #*-

    " ('$"+")/ & &%& ' (', $$ +-

    %()+/ ('$$)& (*"++&, '$'%& &%&'&/, &

    ($'% !/ "*/, !& (*0" ' "('& !%/ ('-

    $%, (/ &(0)+"& & %* "& " !" " $"-

    &%"/ ' *!"' $', " '/ %&+*'&,

    & (*)! "*, ("$+" ' *#%&'& *'&.

    '"'& '+)& & ('$"")& !%)& (('"+& "

    *0)&, $'%& ("")#" !& &*+"& & '"'&'%"-

    )& ' (' " %%*!%&& " $& '"'&'%")&,

    !& %0+"& !/ */ " ' %('*' , !& %-

    '$& ' '*'$'"' ++%'/ , !& *(& &

    "& !/ 0"/ ++/ !/ (* !%& ("-

    / " !& %0+"& !/ ""'+&!/ "/ !& %(*('-

    +& +"&.

    % *'%/%& +*%# 2&/#"!% /% +*-

    /%& /*0 *%'! /* 1$%(6+4* /*0 ;B;.

    !0&% % '!2* /4( %!8( /*0 /* +!* /#

    +&/%& +*'%/%& $! ! /#( (!%) /*0 ! #!-

    /%& *1 +6 /#( +(/# /*0 ;[email protected] &% /%

    !/*' +*0 &*'*7$#(. ( &% '* /# !%*-3#1%& ! /* +!* /*0 +*'%/%&*7 (/4(%-

    *7, &/1!! 1!(6 ( *!% ! !'* $6 /%

    +*'%/%& !)!')!% ! /# # /*0, 1!/*0 ( -

    '!% /# 1 /4( %!8( /*0 / 0(// /*0

    ;ABB &% /*0 ;[email protected]

    +('"'* & "#& ' +0' ' -

    &%'/, [] ' &*'& (* ' '(''& +*" $'/ '

    %!0&"+%/ ' &%'/, !$ $" " $$" "#"/

    ' &%'/, +'(& 0'+" & ++'& +-

    $+*& !& (*'++& !/ (*'+("/ $*/.

    "" *'/, ' '(''& '*)&" & +$+! !& (*'-

    +("& $*& & ('$")&, ($!*' '& *")-

    '&, & 0" '& %&'&, +'(& !/ ('+'$/ '.

    /62* /4( 0(/&/8( /*0 2!*0, 6+4 !)#!,

    !(% # 7(/)# 0(//* &*%&*7 &/*0 ! /6-2* /#( 0'%& !0%*( /*0 '*7 ! +'% &*%-

    (**0'!0/%&*7 +*'%/%&*7 (/4(%*7, ! /*( +6-

    !* /# 0!(!4 ( +*2!/% +6 /#( #!

    /4( &*/4( ! # /#( 2 /# !#'4(# &%

    /# %&%# /4( !)*0%8(.

    % 2 0/, ( &% 0(%/*7( /$!*7 *#-

    *7 /# +*'%/%& /*0, * !(%"'* (/%'(!/% !

    /#( !'/%&6/#/ +*0 +%/! * +*'%/%&6 /*0 !'%-

    6: +!%, *% (/%'3!% /*0 % /* 6'* /#

    !&/!'!/%& !)*0 /*0 $!*7 /# %&%*7(#

    &% % /# $# /*0 (4//*0 2*(/ /#( +0-

    /*0 +*'%/%&*7 0//*. 6&!%/% % /#( ''#

    63# /# +*'%/%& /*0 10%*(4, 0/ +*0 2!-

    /"!/% ! /*( +*'%/%&6 /*0 !'%6, /#( $## /*0

    !1%&/*7. +!+%"6!(* /* 2%* /*0 0(//*/# 0('!0# /*0 ;B?, !&$/!% ! 1(!% /*0 )*-

    (! /# +*'%/%& /*0 &% /#( ( 7+)# ! &%

    62% !((/4# +* /% !'! 90(!% % /# /-

    %& +*! +* /*( !$(%&6 /62*. 2*(/ /#( -

    $## /*0 !1%&/*7 /#( +*'%/%&, ('(!% &% /*

    &* /# !+(//%& /&/%& 6(* 6/( +%/!7-

    !% 6/% *% 0($&! !+%/+*0( /#( !04+5& !+#

    +* 61!'* /*0 &*+*7 /*0. * +/02! /* ;[email protected] &% /*

    ;B>. * !+('! /* ;B;?-;@. '' +(4 +6 6' #

    $## /*0 !1%&/*7 &% # ('#3# '!'*%(*0 -

    &*0 &/#7$0(( /# 0(*'%& +*%# /# '-

    &(%& /*0 +*'%/%& /#( /*0 ;B;

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    30/88

    +#""* '"%* "'* #&'*, !#&'" (!$!,

    #&'"!* &+!%'* (!" %'"* +(%"* . !"*

    - (1901-1906)

    { }&% +!& +& 1901, *+& *-+! + +! !+ '& $#!/ *$'#*! & /%! -, # $ *& '!+!*. !' 2!&, '+& $&*+ +-% #-% 3%$-%*+& %*, '#* +&% *$& ('&) +& ' + 3!!&*%#!& %!#&, '!, *$-% $ +% '*$ !+!&, #-%$&- '*+!" ! $&* " %$ ' *'&!&++&+$+& +& +'&, %+!+& '& +& %$ ! +% %+% [+&].

    30| & .

    / 1901 / &*:/ 4" 37 &4, %*"&*;/ %*>/

    "* % ""6*;/ /*4*> 4/ !. > 4"

    '/*44*= 4/ >*" 4 5" &!& &%&* 4/;"4/ &%*"'/ 4/ *" 4/ 4*> :4;". / 1889

    &+& &+/?*/ %6!", 6 ;/ 4 ""&64*

    /;=%" 46 &/&*4, 4 4&&4"!" & *

    "> 4 "4=& 4/ "5&44/ 4 ?;#" 4

    "". "%&!5& & &4* '*/6;!" 4

    &"=4" 4/ 1897-98, %*"!5& 6 *">

    %*"";"4&4 ;& 4/ "=/ "* 4/ /+/

    46 =;&6 "* 6 ;/ 4 ;&4"#"4* 4&&4*

    *4/, * "> 4 &"5!% 4 4* /*4&!".

    32// !*" &*/, %&4&>4// */

    4/ #"**= 46 6, #*>4" 4 4

    6 &4//%>/ 46 =;&6 "> 4/ &;#*/4/ 1898. 4" &/> 4/ "**= 4 "!" "*

    4/ &=/ /> 4 6!".

    / 1891, 4 %*=&*" &> 4"+*%*/? ""$

    4 6 "4/, %*6& 4/ &+=%&'> 4/, ;&4&*4"

    =/ *>"/ 4 6!" (/;">'),

    "> ">&*" %//'/!" &"4!/ 4/.

    >4&", 6 "+*6;"4*> 4/ &*/? "4*/?,

    ;;&4&!& 4/ "/&*;> 4 4 "*

    4/ &/4/*> >&;/ 4/ 1897.

    $222" 7 /!7 $2=

    */ 7%!3/*5* >3&*5 ;4

    $$>*4 &$ * '*73$'> $/+!/;/ 2=;/, ;/

    5727=/;/ (23&2?/)

    $ ;/ $/27=/;/ (%-

    /?/). 2= #/*$ *4

    2$375#$4 7 5 /*5#, -

    3&4 # $$5"5 5$8!4 = '/ "$/ '$+!-

    4 /$ 2335# 54 $3'=*4 27 23'!&3$8

    $ $7=/ >/$&$ 7 ABCC, 2$3= 23= &$

    $/ $$5$= 3* $3 &//$=';3 234

    3=5;2= 7.

    $/ 57/'*" * 2&" ;/ 57/$?/ 7 /$ $2-

    ?57/ 72375#4 5 !/$ !4 *4 */"4 %$5-

    "4 &!/$4, 27 # +;3*+# "&'* '"+ %-

    $! '* !)&*, 5 2$#5 /=4 $+5?4 23-

    ;3/= $ $%$= $3$"3$. 3='34 *4 16-

    >4 232"4, 27 '$=38;5 $3= 5!', $4 7/$"4 7/!75*4, * 2#$, $2= 57//-

    "54 / ?3&, 352#*5 57/$&$-

    #/, "$/ ;//*4 8$$/*4. /!4

    23;$&;/5= 3= $ 5$ '> 5?$$. 8$-

    $/*4 !/ %3=/*4 =$/ ?3&4 / 2*-

    8=3*5 &$ */ 23=+5" 7 /$ '"5 /*5# $2-

    $3 $ %#$$, =2;4 !&$4 !34. 2&*-

    7!/4 $ $7=3/$ 25>/$4 = 35"4 '/

    $/ $/=4 /$ '$35# 27?4 +/= "*$,

    /"+* */ 7273&" +!5* 27 7 23=583 $ $2-

    3+* $2= */ 2". /!4, 27 57/3&$=$/

    / 8$$/*, /#5*. 35 $ $7-

    4 /$ 5%$3 /'=/ /$ */ 5

    */ 23?* 7%!3/*5* *4 #$4. 8$$/*4

    / $2!3: * &( !"* !&( ! #&'.

    $2?3*5" 7 / '3= 5/ $ 16 3=/$

    =3= 7 /! &$ /$ $/$'+# 5 *&!* *4 -

    (%* 2"4 3#'$4.

    4 $3!4 7 1901 "$/ 8$/3= = @7/4 '/

    $/ '$+!/4 /$ '+>/ 2$'"2 $%" 7

    atus quo, 27 +$ $2>5 */ >+3$75* 5332#$

    */ 73>3* 23". 5=5, 3#&2$4 2!/ =

    23>5 /$ 2> */ !/;5* $>3 '7/$=, $-

    ?/$4 4 57&&/!4 7 5!54 4 73;2$/

    +5?4 '/ "$/ 23$&$" $7/#$, ''!/7 =

    /=$/ * 53$;" $" $2= !5534 !/4 @7-

    4 $ $/?$4 3/$4 "$/ /'=4 74.

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    31/88

    #?B >?> ; A B BA A [email protected] >-

    [email protected] CB=;=/@. )B AC;E, >I C;=HIB? A, [email protected]

    [email protected] >[email protected] [email protected], >=?=JA ; /-

    ! "$ $ $. $ [email protected], >=C B/@ ?IB?

    A=>=; B; >??D BG; ;BK; >-

    K; AB= #C>?I B, = [email protected] >/G B= '",

    ;[email protected], >;B?G; [email protected] >?=A>@ B=C AB= ", [email protected]

    A >=BABIB? /A B=C '"'.

    (? >I B ABA >IFG; AB= ;I B, [email protected] >=-

    [email protected] ;[email protected] BG; J= >C?K; EK? [email protected] )J-

    G; [email protected] >?>[email protected], A B=C ?=AB B; =

    >[email protected] ;[email protected] [email protected] (=B/@ B [email protected] C?;[email protected]

    C >?> ; C>=BAA=;B A CB. ! E/?A B=C #?-

    =J [email protected] >=B=JA >=ABI >?=;I= [email protected] -

    ;@ C;AB/@. ;[email protected], [email protected] ;[email protected], B= )J-

    >=B=JA B A AJDG; B; =>=/ B=C?-JA " &. ! AB=B C?;A B;

    I; C>JC; B; B?A B=C. ' [email protected] [email protected], = -

    ?IAG>=/ B=C - B/ B=C

    ?B=J [email protected]

    T=; +?=C?= B=C 1901, = LC;@ =/;GA [email protected]

    >A; B=?B B; ;GA, B= >E/? IB

    AC;@ ; B; I [email protected], GABIA= /G;;

    B A [email protected] ; AC=C; AB B/GA [email protected] AGB-

    @ [email protected] AB= ;A/. ' [email protected] A [email protected] C>=C?-

    [email protected] B=C ; BA=C; >[email protected] B [email protected] ?=I-

    [email protected] [email protected], >?=;=C ; B?BAB/ ; C>I; >?=-

    ;I;@ [email protected] &DJ=;[email protected] >I CBI B= CAB?I >/-

    =, AB ? AC;?/[email protected] B=C =;=J AC=C/=C,

    ;[email protected] B=>=B >/ B=C ;=J [email protected], -

    ?=;[email protected] B; >=F IB = LC;@ /E; >?=; B= -

    [email protected] ; BBI [email protected] >[email protected] CB=;=/@.

    ' (?/>@ B= >?=; B=C K?A; IB >=-

    => B=C >/?E=C AC=J=C ; B; ?B. /E;

    >?=AB [email protected] / C?/ ; B=; =B

    BCBIE?=; ; ?G=J; AB; ;B/F [email protected] =-

    @ ;[email protected] [email protected] = >=AB=/ [email protected] [email protected] ;@ -

    AB= ;A/. ' ;[email protected] ;BD [email protected] >[email protected] [email protected]

    E/?A ; >GAB/, [email protected] = [email protected] ?; ;

    ; [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] >[email protected] >=C C>. >-

    =JA, D?K;[email protected] B=C B C;BIBB ; =B B; I B; C?;A. (?-

    , ;B AB?B/ >[email protected] [email protected] >?=AG>[email protected]

    B=C ;=C >I [email protected] [email protected] B=C ?B=J B=C ;H-

    =J *J>=C, =>=/ /E I B= =/? B=C 1900.

    ) CB; >?GB=ABB=JA = /[email protected] [email protected] ;[email protected] (-

    >;BI>[email protected] = C=/ >?=;[email protected], I>[email protected] = ;=-

    [email protected] [email protected] "G;;@ )BA=J;@.

    ' >[email protected] B=C ;=C AB?K;" !

    ", I>[email protected] A/G; = /[email protected] *=; D;; ; C>=AB?/-

    B; /?CA I;@ =;/@ ; ;BB/B AB;

    ;GA. B; !#%, " " # ,

    "% "% #% %, #% %. >=;[email protected],

    = #?B=/ >?=CA=;B; AB; ; ; =;

    ;K EA;= A ;[email protected] ;;[email protected] )B;

    >?KB B=?/ ;BAA=;B; = (?/>@ ' "% -

    %, >=B=/, I>[email protected] = $;[email protected] #=J;[email protected], =-

    A=?D=, ;IB? = "" " "%.

    )JDG; B; C >?=>;, = /;C;[email protected] ; /; B=;A/ =?AB [email protected] B=C ;=J =?=J /E >=A=/ I;=

    E? AB [email protected] A;? ;B/ABA.

    ) AC;@ ?/@ >[email protected], = J= >[email protected] ;B>?B-

    ; AB=; =I AB/= B= 1903. ' /[email protected] = (?/>@ >?-

    B=>=/A ;B; >?=/, >?=A/=;[email protected] =F-

    DABI E?B? [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] ! [email protected] [email protected]

    >?>[email protected] C>=FD/[email protected] A=C;=JA FD= AB; ;GA,

    ;B/B [email protected] [email protected] ;[email protected] >?I B; ;

    D?; >= =;B B I; =;/. *; / K?, = >?-

    >=/ GA IB ;GA B; E?I;=C. >I B; , >A;

    [email protected] >@ AEB [email protected] ;[email protected] >[email protected] BG; ;B-

    >G; [email protected] ; >B?F=C; B; BABA =G;K; AB?-

    BCBG; ; ;A=C; B=; K?= ; B/F B= ;A/

    ; ;?J-

    ; >C/ B?A E?I; ?IB?.

    ' ;[email protected] ?AIB; A A C;@. ;;K?A IB

    >?IBA B=C BBI [email protected] >[email protected] CB=;=/@

    ; B; D?IA IB = [email protected] B; B= G;B;I AJ-

    == [email protected] ;@ @. ! >?BA [email protected] >?>@ >C-

    [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] B=C 1903 B; AC;B?>B. ) AJ;== 64 =C-

    CBK;, AK; [email protected] 5 ;=/. [email protected], AJ;B= ;/

    BG; >?>K; >=/E >[email protected] *= >I;= AB-

    , C??E/ B=C (?/> ?EA ; =;/B A=?.

    (? [email protected] C>[email protected] B=C, B= ;I B >?; ABA-

    =. *= [email protected] E?B?IB; ", [email protected] [email protected] =/[email protected] [email protected] [email protected] C-

    ?;[email protected] >=C /E >. >>=;, = [email protected] IE I;= ;

    C; B; B ABA B=C >;;B [email protected] BB-

    ;[email protected] ;[email protected], ? A ??E=C; A=-

    ?=/ I=, G;[email protected] BG; ?BK; >;ABAG;

    [email protected] >[email protected] >?=;[email protected]

    $ CB B =;, >?=ADC A >;ABA B;

    =;[email protected] ' ;[email protected], = =>=/[email protected] /E ;E/ A C?/?E=

    D?AB B=C [email protected] [email protected] @, ;B;IB; IB CB

    B D=? >?> ; ;B=>=A [email protected] C>[email protected] B=C

    B /A [email protected] ;[email protected], I ; = /[email protected] ; >/ABC

    IB >=?=JA ; /; A DB. ' [email protected] /E >-

    CB/, [email protected] B; ;A;[email protected], B AC;?= /A / ?/ #?BK; >=C

    E=;B; B; ;GA. >[email protected] ;;IB;, ;GA ; >-

    BJE, [email protected] = ;[email protected] ;/E ;[email protected] *= #?B-

    I B AC;B?G; >=; B= >?BI ;D?=; BG;

    LC;G;. )C?=B ;@ B?=>, >=C>?IB; A? B??C/AG;. ' (?/>@ B AB= >-

    ?K?= =CAAB ?/BA. (?-

    B, B=; )>B?= B=C 1906, BF B; #?B.

    ! ;BBABA B=C >I B=; =/A B=C [email protected] *=; )>B?= B=C 1908, AK >=-

    B B=. ' #?B=/ ?CB?=> AB= I;= B=C A BG; ;G;. * >I;

    E?I;, A>[email protected] [email protected] ;[email protected], = ;B/>= B=C

    ;=C >E/?A; ; A=C; B; ;;K?A [email protected] ;[email protected]

    >I B; [email protected] LC;@. ! de facto ;GA BAB C-

    ;B [email protected] >?=;@ [email protected] ;?==C, B=;

    'BK?= B=C 1912, >?GC>=C?I [email protected] @, >I -

    B/@, B=; ;=. ! >[email protected] A BG; ;K; >=B-

    A /GA BG; AB?BK; >=K; B=C. ! >A=>=/A [email protected]

    [email protected] [email protected] ;[email protected] ; 14 ;@ ?IB?.

    ' (?/>@, B B; >=EK?A B=C >I B; #?B, -

    A B >?AAIB? E?I; [email protected] [email protected] B=C AB /. $? E?I-

    ; ?IB?, [email protected] B=C $?/ =;>?B, ?;F B=C

    $=C %>==;B, ?; FCE;JB? -

    B? B=C +?I;B, ?D: ( #$ "' #"%

    ! '" $% & "& !" ! "' "

    '. ! ! % &! 34 . ' [email protected] >-

    AD B; #?B J= [email protected], B= 1937 B= 1954. L; >I-

    ?A ; >?KA B; >C/ B=C ; >?C?/AB AB

    >=C>B? B=C [email protected] B=C AB )=J, B=; $= B=C

    1958. *=; /E >?= = ;[email protected],

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    32/88

    (1830-1913)

    { } !$%$ %* 1821 $%%$ % !#) '-"%" % #% !* $ % !# %( % !90 !#!* )#, )# % 1913. ' %( !#%%( !(!#* !&*$( "& #$% ! 270.000 !#!$%%$ 160.000 %*( % % 1840.

    E

    $&-*"+!" '&'$*++!"

    !*&&' 0* + * + '2 +&

    695 * *$+!" '& +0$ !-

    *+!$4$, &! &'&&! '&+#&3*$ '! +

    +& '#*&3. $ "! *+! '2#! *-$!$ $ "!&3$ &! &*$&!

    ('&+#&3*$ + +& '#*&3+&), 0*+2*& *+$ 3'!& +**!

    *+& '$+ "+&"& +$ !*+!$&.

    "!2+ 20 ''+0* + '$*+* +& 676"!+& *+& $'$20+& '# '& +"$ &! !

    +2+ "&! + '& "! '. 4

    "+ +$ '++$ '$*++!" '&& 3'!&

    '!#! *+ ! +0$ !*+!$4$, 2*&! '2 +& -

    "! ' '*$, "!4"$, "+#!/$ +

    *'+! "! +! ! '!&* +& "! +"!$"$

    + '& +! '2#! + +, + * ## '!& +

    0$!" +&"+&. +& '* + +

    *+&$ !'+!"2 #& (685-95) +* '& !-

    &0 '2 +$ '$*+* 2! 2$& $ $+!*+-

    " ## '!+". 4 & 0+ # '&*"&'&3*

    *+$ &!"&$&!" "+##* +& $*!&3 * '2 +$

    $20* + &+!" &!"&$&, $2* +$ '!*+&

    +0$ !*+!$4$ *+$ 3'!& "! "0% +& &*-

    $& #&1!&"++ 3&$+ * "+ '!-

    '+4*! + +&. $ ! *+! +& '&$0$ '&-

    #!+!" '&&$+ *+& !*+!$&3 *+0 "! ! "+ '-

    * *+& *+ 2$ + +&'!" +&!&"*.

    '&+#* + '!+!" +& 0+ # &-

    *$!" '$&3* $++!"&3 &3 * !-

    *+!$!" ! ' '& *+&&+&3* *$+!" -

    + *+& *0+!"2 + &!"&$& "! + "&!$0$

    + '&: #&!&"+* "++" "! !-

    "&1!&"+* '&+#* + * + "&!$0$!" *-

    "2+* *+! '!**2+ '!&. '2"+* $

    &&3* 2$& +& !*+!$&3 &! &'&&! &$+$ "!

    &3*$ *+! '!$ '!& + #&!&"+*,

    ## "! * +&3 +0$ &!$2+0$ '!&4$.

    32| & .

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    33/88

    +", ''"'3%% %* /"+"%"#2* '"#"-

    2* 0% "' "%4% "'/4%, 2/" %0* 0% "4%

    2$0%, #!4* * '$+% '% '%'"#2 /4'

    0+* 0% '+'$%0%.

    % 3+ '!0%"# '/ (6=95->=) '" #'"-

    0%"#'-'"#'%'"#* +%!#* ' /% "'0!

    % "#'+ 6=76-95 $!#% '+"04*.

    #2* 2 % 3&+ ' $!+'3 !/#% '"

    %'-!+#"#* %$'*, %4 +%/+# 2-

    + '+'$%"#* * 2 '* /"+"%'3* #"

    !''* 0% $0% 2 "* '"%* +"* "%* -'/*. #!''* "#'$3%!# 2 % &%"+ *

    %4$*, ' /" % %++ ' 6=76 %"-

    % %"# #" 2 '% "'"+2 0% +!%"4%

    "* $4"* "%* "'/*.

    $$$ 2 + ' 6>' "4% / +"*

    /%'$'"#* &$&"* ("+0 ' '3 +% %-

    $, $"# +3%+) %+00%2%

    "* #2+"* '* #" %++2% +' "!% #-

    "+2 +*. '"# 0 '-

    ''"'3%% + % &0"# + ' $-

    * '* % +! ($"2$'-' #3"' #"#2

    '12%, +'3%", /'3", 3$, +"'") #"

    $* '* +#"# (#" # ' 4' "+2

    * #* ' 6=;5 #" + # "* #*

    6=). 0* 2 '

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    34/88

    *17+"" 3' #3'$%7' +3' (-

    $ :=>=) %$ " '%+" " ' (8%+$

    >=) '6"%' *5 " !$% /:9

    ' *$ 1+$$'$%5. '" *5 %$'3'$%, $%'$%

    %$ $&$% *2" 1 &&"'*$"#. de facto '3-

    " &&"'$%5 %+ (:>9=) +&6 %$ "' de

    jure '3" (:>:;).

    $%%#%$.

    %"(%%$%%(%%$%%%%(%%'%'.

    !%#&%%#%(%%"'%%$%(%%$%%#%&(

    34| & .

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    35/88

    { }! % 16 ., !% &%* !#"% # # $%),)# $#, !$%"% % !&*$( %( #%( "#$*"$(: $ % % 16, '$ % % 17, $% 18, '$ % % !$%$ %* 1821-1830 $% $*)$% $ )# $#.

    .

    I

    , 19 20

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    36/88

    #/%& /* /# 02!% /*0 +'#$0*

    &% /# &/* /*0 /* 26* &/ / !-4/! 24% +*/'! * #/%&4 +4'!*

    /* 8>* %. &% *% !+/!% /*0 [email protected]*0 %.

    /% ! &0%2!, *% # #/%&*

    /%+*6+!0 +*'5 %&4 +**/4 /*0

    +'#$0*5 /*0 #%*5. 4* &/ /# +!-

    ** /# !!/%& 4* &% /# *$3%&

    &0%2, /* # !&//$#&! %&4 %$4 +*-

    &3, 0+'''3 &% //%3/6. !'* %$4 /3 *0-

    *0'3 # +4 / +6/ 24% /# *$3%& &/-

    &/## +*'$! &/ &5%* '4* +4 !%'%*5, /*%&*5

    *%&*5, &$6 &% +4 !%&/*5 *0.

    !%**/%& !$*$#&!0/%& *! &/*%&*5 &03

    /% +4'!% /*0 #%*5. 2% /* 8>* %. /* !'5/!* *

    /*0 &/*%&*5! /* &, !6 +4 /* 8?* %. / %.

    /# 0/ !%25$#&! / /*0 [email protected]*0 %. &% +4 /# !-

    /1* /# +3/!5*0 /*0 #%*5 +4 /* &'!%* / -

    %. % &0%4/!! +4 /% *! 0/ / *% &4'*0$!:

    *%: !3!/% 4/% 0+2 *% /# /# # +%

    +4 /# &/&/# /# +4 /*0 !!/*5. +*'!0 /*0

    ! / !%, &/*%&*5 &03 /% +4'!% &% / *-

    3*% ! &*%4/#/!, /*0 &4'+*0 /3 *+*3 !1-

    "*/% #/%& &*%3%& &% *%&**%& %$!%, &-

    $6 &% %1**+*#!% /# !+!'/%& +24'##. *

    8=* %. *% *% !+!*5 /*0 8.777, # +'!%*4/#/ /3

    *+*3 &/*%&*5! /# +4'# /*0 & ! !%%& 0*%&

    /# +4'#, /# %&. *0 3 #*!5!/% &%

    /# 5+%$* /*0 %!/* /*0 &. % +!%4/!-

    *% +4 0/*5 +!% /# /# &% !/ /# &/&/#-

    /# +4 /*0 *5&*0. 3 /* 8>* %. *% *% &*-

    / !&/!/#*% &03 /# +4'# /*0 & &% / +!-

    23 /#, !6 +4 /* 8?* %. !'5/!* %$4 1-!/% /# +4'# /3 3. * 8??8 +*1#& =;> -

    *% (+4 0/*5 *% / %), /* [email protected] >9? (*% [email protected] / -

    %) &% /* [email protected] ;?8.

    : &//# !3 #*!5!/% % +6-

    /# 1* /* 8;* %., + 43 +4 &+*% /*+35%, ! 0+-

    2*0 %%/!! 1* /# +*0 /*0 &/ /# +!*-

    * /# !!/%& &0%2. !3!/% 4/% !&//$#& /#

    /#, &% &03 /* &, !/ /# *$3%& &/&/##,

    1*5 +*#*03 !2 2#%*+*%#$! +4 /*0 *5&*0

    &/ /# +*'%*& /# +4'# 3 0+***+*%*. &/4 +4 /*

    &, %*% &/*%&*5 &% / %. * 8?*0 %. '43 /3 %*-

    ", ! ! ) -.

    36| & .

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    37/88

    !0#6* ' 080* 02*&6 1 #!!# 12

    72 ' 12 "'61'8 22. 8 2-66* 3&0# 01%* 1% #1 1 ;, 01%* #'-

    71%1 12 #*1*', "%" 26' "% #!-

    01%*' 01%* *1, #*9 '&7 16* +*6* &

    2*90#' 1 1 1##21 111 12

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    38/88

    { }! ! !! !$ !$ ! 1669, ! !!" ! ! !!$ .!!" ! ! ! !% . %! , ! %! ! %! !# #.

    ! H A !-!, #""! ! !

    ! ! $ !" # !# !# (1669-1898)

    H

    ""#* $# + '&$2! (-

    &!, !3!, "), '"+* $&-

    !" '2*+* "! &!"&$&!" 3-

    $ &&!" '##

    +& "#& "! +0$ &$4$, "&*

    +0$ "! +0$. 2*

    *'& '* *+& '2-& "! '+/ +&$ !"2 %!-

    !*2 + +. ! &3"&! $2*$ +$ $'+%

    0$ !*4$ &$*+!4$ "! *$ $'2!*+ + #-

    +& &+!"&3 '#*&3. "+&$+ &$*+-

    + $+&"+ "+*"$ '!&*"$ "!

    * '!$$ '"+*$ %!2#& '!&*. +*! $

    $+2++ $ /&$ &$&3, *$ +&, &!-

    $! +4$ "! +04$, ## $ !"$&'&!*&$ "!

    "2*+ '!+*! +0$ 0$ "! +0$ $$!+*0$.

    $*"&+"$ &!"&$&!", !$$ &2&% "$+ "!

    +20*$ $ *"*&$ +&$ '$+!"2 '&&!*2

    . 0 20 '2*$ *+$ '! &'& "-

    +& +#!"2 "! "!& '# *+&$ $*+. & !-

    $!"2 '+!& +$ '#/ "! +$ $"-

    '#4$ &$*+!4$ * *+&'! + '&*++*,

    ** +&$ &$!"2 &, +$ *! "! +$ '!.

    ! "+"++ "#!*$ + * "! !0%$ +& -

    #&. &$*+! 20 *$+*$ * "! &!

    &$& !$$ &! *"#&!, &3 &! &3"&! $ '&&3-

    $ $ $&3$ +$ "++!* +0$ *+#4$ + ""#-

    (!0$, $$0*+4$, /#+4$ "#'.). *&! !*+!$& $&!

    +$ *+! &$ "! $ * *+ +, !-

    *"&$+$ '2 + #!+&!" !# + "$ +0$ '-

    0$ "! +0$ 0$ ##$0$. * * #!+&3-

    $ +$ $& +& "+"++ '2 +! +& 6:& !-

    $ +&&+"$ '2 + &$*+!. +*! '!

    !$ !+ +0$ '$*+*0$ + +.

    + +$ &$0* +0$ 5&&$+!4$ +& 6987 '2

    $ '& +0$ '!*"2'0$, ""#* **'0* +& !-

    !$!"2 '#*2, $ *"#& '2 +$ ##, '&-

    !# "! '&0&3* +& + * *'&-

    *+& %0+!"2 "! "0 *+$ ##. ! *"#&! $

    !&&$+$ 2$& *+ !"+!" +& ""&$+, ##

    *"&3*$ "! !4+!*. +*! ""#* '2* *+&

    '2& +& * + '$! "! + !" '-

    0 $+& *+&$ '#&3+& "! + 3$ +& "+-

    +.

    + + *3* + #' ' +! $&1" *$-

    " + '+ +$ '# "! '&!"#. *+"$

    &! ! +$ '! '& !$ 2*!. ! + 20

    !$$, !3&$+$ $ *, %$&$+$ &! '!+-

    !, ## &! '2&! '!&&$+$. &$*+! &$+

    '&*+ # "+*+& '2 +! ##'### %-

    "$! !. "$! !. !%"!!!!#.!!

    !%"!!!#"!#.

    !%"!!"! ! .

    !"#.

    38| & .

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    39/88

    24'+3, !5# 82':# ' &'+# #+ #&6#50=4# # #-

    1506 5+3 #%'3 5: 480'":. , !5# 0+ =2+-

    82#50&2%+03 +##3, '5+03 +8'+-

    &3). 0+ 610+0=4# 267 ! 7#'2 50 # 0+ 7+ !5# %'+#5 5063

    *26+. 105'4# 5 968! 506 #%># ' 5 46'508!

    5063 45# '1##45#5+ +!#5# #+ ' 50 #2#"0 2:+4

    128B; [email protected]?;A9*7412>: ! [email protected]=6;>, [email protected]>

    @4> ";[email protected]> !67;9;> [email protected] .$.!... (KLM-KO)

    76 ; D*994>, [email protected]> @4> 884967> &68;8;0>

    [email protected]; "92 @4> 714>[email protected] '96* ?A92C326 88* 76

    56*?;A> 76 C;=;. %; KLL, [email protected] ; 2*74> ?A92=0?2>.

    [email protected] '96* ;91A8*74>, F,

    (=*[email protected]>) 76 ; 8E7F> I68A9;6C*84>.

    [email protected]; 2A=D 06;0=*B;A> 3D-

    0=B3;A9 76 7;?67* [email protected], F ; ";8*74>, ;

    ", ; 8291=14>, ; G?91=;> 2D=-

    06*14>, ; '[email protected];A. ! [email protected]=6;> ;[email protected]?4>, ;676?;G> ;6 0A9-

    72> 296 [email protected]+92> [email protected] G= 76 B;=;G9 G=; @?2 ? F84 @4

    3D @;A> 7*

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    46/88

    $9 [email protected]>C9A 4>D;59A 5=1>;>D8>K< [email protected]>C> [email protected]?>: > [email protected]>A 5 C1 [email protected]

    ?, C> ;0F [email protected] C>D [email protected] '[email protected] 19 @9-

    [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] 391 C9A 19-

    >3

    @;59>, [email protected] [email protected] K-

    @9> 59J471 J;7 C7< @C7 50 ;49. $9 5;9A

    165K>9 1;5DA 391 [email protected] C>DA. > ;49 [email protected]

    C19 7 >9>[email protected] 9 J> ?5-

    @95K59 ?>D;9C19 C>DA ;14>131645A. 85 35-

    [email protected] F59 D @1?5;J C>D, J> C>D

    EC @10 C7A [email protected]>DD ?>D;>K @10 C>DA. 79 50 910C9> 19 C>

    1;52969LC9> @10. 1 @H91 C1EK;91 ?1C9-

    >K9 ?>@C>1;9A 9 >919 CH< ?>@C>1;>[email protected] C-

    ;>A C7A 4515C01A C>D QN, HA >9 ?;>[email protected]>9 [email protected]

    C5A C>D >K.

    CJA 1?J C1 [email protected] C>KC1 [email protected]>IJK?91, ?1CC5A ([email protected]>-

    [email protected]>?491 C>D $1;>K 19 C>D !1989-

    >K), C1D &58D), 1K341;1 (C> !1-

    089).

    'C1 >@[email protected] 1?>C5;50 1 @>A C7A 6HA [email protected] 9 ;;. 91 ?>9>K< C> 1;-

    ;0 CH< [email protected]>2CHD ;L8>D< >9 [email protected]>?;C5A, 5 @1G1 @;59>, C9A "[email protected]@0C5A C> &85, C7 +1;?1

    C1 +1 5D [email protected]>E>@9JA ;J3>A. >9-

    9>35 ?59

    9 12;K;>D850 HCJ> @59FA, J?HA C1 'E19,

    J?>D [email protected]>D< >9 1;[email protected]>9 1?J C>KA [email protected]>DA 9 1?>E5K3>9 5C1=K C>DA 3>9.

    [email protected]>2>; C7A >9>35 C> J9 19 =5?;KDA,

    [email protected]>FJA C>DA 19-

    8< [email protected] CH< 1?5;[email protected] 1K 9 5?5?>087A C>D.

    'C> 3> 50D; CH< 3>DA. > ?0C9 C> 1C15D659 > [email protected], 5 C7

    2>8591 C7A >9>3D, ;[email protected]>50 C> [email protected]

    ?0C9. $ [email protected]>A 1?>C5;50 [email protected] >9 19 21-

    EC059A C5;>K 85 C9

    30C5A D9>39 1;59 26>D< C1 4D-

    DA KA [email protected]>D 3; [email protected]

    3>K49 9 > F>@JA 50D8>KDA ?1;9>KA [email protected]>DA 1;K, 5 C9A [email protected]@1 C>D

    ?9C9>K ?>D FCK?75 > [email protected]>A [email protected]< ;59C

    391 53;> 49C71 9 D K.

    $9 9 CH< [email protected]< C7A @C7A JHA D-

    DDA 9 >9 [email protected] 497-

    3>[email protected] 5K8D1 D C1 [email protected]>D< 7 ?73101 ;1I [email protected],

    7 8D>>E01 9 7 ;1I [email protected], [email protected] 19 @DDA [email protected]>KA 03>D< 5 C9A

    1?7F59A 1?J C9A [email protected]>A CH< '[email protected]@5K>< @[email protected]>. $9

    [email protected]> C7A %J;7A 19 C 1ELD D;;>0 >@31?10FC5A C7A @7-

    C9A >D9A DC1;[email protected], >

    1;>[email protected], > [email protected]>[email protected], [email protected]

    3>D49C45A, DF #9J;1>, DD< OVSU. 9A [email protected] DDA [email protected]@E>D< 7 1;C591 161;9C501

    (OVOR), > >A >@A C7 '?9 >D;9;>A ?>C C> D-

    [email protected] C>D 7 19 A C>D [email protected]>C9>K ?;78D>K D-

    KA 19 5 [email protected]>JE91 1?J

    2JC1D50> "?5

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    47/88

    H++3!" 42 142 6"!&4"*

    092 "*/0/!3& 0/"0 4/

    +"*4&7*+ "54 %5"*+

    +"* 4*2 &2 %5"444&2 0/5

    42 01/36&1& 0"*%&!" 4/52.

    " 1$" 49 . &"%1!%, .

    4"51+, =. "4' 9/5,

    . +"* . "0"%+, . +"* .

    "*4&1+, . *$*'+, . "/5%!%, . *7&*%+,

    5$1"!'/5 4

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    48/88

    *E*4+AG#*"D"$A,G#%,G1882,GF!+G#IAG4#4/+AG$A.

    6HHJ$H+DAG5G"HE*.7/K'$/+!DABradburyGWilkinson GCoGLtd.,G:+*"D*+,# +&I4+AG1905.('[email protected]*I/$)

    5

    6#E!4+AG6$*JA,G#%# #!,G1913G(;)GI"4G#G/H I(4".G&+!G.G4*I/$).6

    >4+*K4+A4*+!4**I/$AG(7D/++A=#%KH*$AG/4G&++IH+&),G#%# ,G1903-1905,GI"4G#GK+,G#4/J*FH+&,G#JAG/5 %40>0+ %3/+7-

    # 3%4286$% 728 67>/28 7028 % 0 0"% %0767%842924$%. 7"02 72 "4'2

    87> 67+0 %$286% >328 8!7*%0 % 6+%$% + 4+7# %

    //+0# +/93/% % 7289"% 728 A%6%/2'!00+ % 728 '42-

    @67% 6+2 7+5 4+7#5 2/7$%5 9"4 7+0 9%/%2'4!%7+

    3'4%9# % $% %$74% 3426'"0+ %3>06+

    5 34$9++5 . 20#5 4%$28 9>072 7+0 + (. 5).

    20# + 232$% $ %0%$ 6 %7 12#0 6?&2/2 728 '@-

    % 7 720 68&2/> 7+5 %-

    %7#4% % 0% %67! 7+ 6?06+ %3/# %327?342, 34267!7% 3/"20 7+5 4#7+5 %

    84$ 7+5

    074#5 ?/+5 7+5 20#5 (. 6).

    40 > 7+0 //+0# 6+%$% 728 %/+02?, % !-

    67% 7+0 $% 420! 328 8/2924$ 72 '4%%7>6+2, "0%5

    %+7>5 4!4+5, 83"4%25 7+5 05, 328

    % %7+'24+$ '% 04'> 6872# 672 $0+% % % 7$

    83> 37#4+6+ %7+'242?025 % 5 728 4$'3%,

    2/2/[email protected] 07>5 7+5 $%5 7+5 20#5 4%$28 "0% %3> 7%

    32 %1234>67% 202'4%9! 342'4!%7% 7"3/28 (CIBD-CIBE). 3674%7?207%5 75 4%670"5 728

    '[email protected] % %07'4!9207%5 87! %4%7! 6?967%1 7+0 +428 (DE %4-

    7$28) 9>072 [email protected]%725 8%02?, +/28 7+5

    8%02/?28, 7+0 232$%0 7>6% '0%$ 20423>/+6%0.

    % 7+0 342'4%%7# 674!786+ 7+5 *3/% 7% 920!, 7% >3/% 728 32/"28, %0%-

    /%&!020 7% >3/% 7+5 4#0+5. 2? +$5 %+7%$ 728 ?2-

    0725 CI28 %@025, %@025 >675 7! %7%/86>0 %!7

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    49/88

    O O , !

    ,

    A4858D2; /*+3 434 +-

    55+ ; /8/5534;. #8>; D; >+38D; +3-

    /; 4+3 2 //553- ?34' 4+3 8?85834'.

    434 3'5/48; 3//*8 + +*/> +C @3 /*-

    8> /4+/*+ 8> 1960. /*+ 8 +; +C 8>; -

    8>; / /*+3 34C;, 3'8*;) ; 5/C/; 434; 484+*+; ++ 4/-

    348D +8; ; /+58 @8/ +84 4+3 + 434' 834' +8D3+

    *34+, +48; +3+, + +8>8D +3-

    23; 43, C;, / /C3*+ 5 / /34+/* 8 ? , , ! 84C+, 4+3 '55+ ?34' ?+3C/+ @++43 /+?+334 8>

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    50/88

    &(?.) -(5.) .C.%&= %0&, -

    &, = , *#!& = *#!&, '*-

    = #0!(.

    @@ @EA ?IA (#& @>

    > > (! [email protected] [email protected]

    @ (& [email protected] @ (.C. (# +%

    ! / (##$(& = (#+%(#& / (#$-

    (#&).

    @[email protected] @> @> @5?>

    [email protected]?G> @E @I 5I,

    @* @ [email protected], @ @* !& .C.

    *!&, %'!&, !&, '(-

    !&, ($!&, #%!&, !-

    !&.

    !((:

    @EA @ @[email protected] @* @

    (.C. %1'= '$, $#0!&

    & $!). !* @ [email protected]

    A> @EAH> [email protected]> @HA> ? @I? -

    @ @@>, .C. *+%'(1 '#, -

    0#! (#, #0 '#, *1!" (#

    #! %, @ ' +%'(1, (#!0-

    !, ' , *1!" (# # ! %.

    #+> B+> @EA @ -

    @H @HA [email protected]@> (.C. (#

    = (#, (#), (' #

    = ('$& #).

    "#:

    & G @> @> [email protected] -

    @ G +> > G [email protected]

    [email protected] @I +E A @@*[email protected]

    > > @>:

    %( #%(:

    !(; = @; !(;= @; $ = I,

    = @I, #!(; (@. @) = *; # -

    ( = , $% = @@, #$!

    = [email protected], +B, #+& = -

    *, ## = * , $#0% = +,

    1 = @+CE, %! %! = -

    [email protected]+BE, +! = [email protected], %#1 = HE,

    "!# = [email protected]@*E, ! '' = ?+-

    C>,1 = I, !'(#%#0 = 5A*,

    ! = [email protected]*E,!* =

    AE ?GE> @> ?> A, * =

    +E, E, # 0%& = @+> (:

    @A AH), = *, (# #$ = @

    , # '0!(!#& = A*> G *[email protected]?,

    '!%*# = [email protected]* +B, ('*%

    = C, % %'! = @ A*-

    @G, # = [email protected], != B-

    ?, '& = @A*[email protected], '0#& = @I>

    *5>, (0( = %$.

    ) "& %+#!&, (*& -

    #!&:

    %1 = +E, %1 ( G , '(!

    = @ [email protected],# $(& = @ [email protected]>, %-

    '( = @ @A G, '!(##& = AG>,

    *('#& = [email protected]?G>, !( = H?

    ?A, $%#' = +, #% = -

    B?>.

    ) ! $ (! (#% 1'':

    !(!& = >, %( = A,

    '( (< [email protected]) = @ E+, !(( =

    ?A5, +5, $!(! = @ @C>, $-

    % = *, #0#& = @[email protected]?, % = ?+-

    , $%# = @A*[email protected], !(#'#!(

    !(#+#!( = [email protected], ?A,

    ''%!( ++%!(= @ C*E, +E

    @ *E, !(#'#!& / !(#+#!&

    = C5G>, !(& = >, *?>,

    $( = @I, .

    '*C + 5> [email protected] -

    B*?E [email protected] @ *@. H +>:

    1% (! ! = GA [email protected],

    (# ' %# #0 = * @ @+, %#'

    (' %#''!& = @@ @I>, (#! (#

    '$#0 (# (A> [email protected]@>,

    *@ A *>), - (+ =

    5 @ *E, ! $( = [email protected] ?A-

    C, #%'& (# #0 (' %& = 5G @ +, (# -$ = *@-

    ? @ G A (? * +>), [email protected]> @+C

    @ 64 CE* @> %@> ( * ?A-

    ?+), @ B " '# ( >.

    ! @ *E @ *E> -

    B [email protected] [email protected]> 5 +C ?C-

    @? ?B G @ *@ @> -

    @>. *@> [email protected] [email protected]>,

    BH [email protected]@ [email protected] ? G @ -

    . [email protected] *E> @ ?A ? G

    @> CI> GA @+> E??+> A5

    [email protected]@ @ ? @> 5> (?> I?-

    ?>) ACEH ?AC* +C A> ?-

    ?E>. A @+, [email protected] H, @ *-

    @> [email protected]> [email protected] J +-

    @+ [email protected] +A. #5G *?? -

    ? [email protected] G ?* @* @ @+

    @A 17A I [email protected] C 5, [email protected] *A-

    5 AE>, [email protected]@> * + @> -

    @> ?C>. [email protected] [email protected]

    +A G @?A> BGA>-E??-

    GA>.

    [email protected]> @ A @A @?H @> -

    @[email protected]> @A G @ E? @> @>

    @ AG * @ 1913, 5A5H

    @ ?B* @> @> [email protected] E?-

    ? A ?A+? @ A5+E? @

    !?A [email protected] A5?? +E?

    @> @ *. #[email protected] @ I -

    @*, @ ?BG E??G A +B [email protected]

    CI > @?HC [email protected] E?-

    ? +A, @ [email protected] @> B

    B> @E E??I, @* ?A+ @E -

    @I I @A>. " [email protected]*>, -

    +> ? CEG @A H $5H> A

    @+> @> > E??>. -

    [email protected]> [email protected] #[email protected] @E 5I [email protected] -

    1890-1923. [email protected]? ? G @ E @@ *@ @ B*. J *B? -

    G ?H @> @> [email protected], *

    ? G> @> E??+> [email protected]> @A A? -

    @ @E BGE B+E G @

    @ BE [email protected]> [email protected]? * -

    @* [email protected][email protected]* @> +> @+

    +> A?*@> [email protected] @ @G @,

    GA [email protected] A*C, [email protected] @A> H,

    [email protected] GE?? CI.

    +"2$*2-0*2 /252$!%2$2#$2$2$2192%0.

    '$%2'$,2$2#%2$2$%%6.2Nellys,219392(#/2().

    %2$*2%*. 2!%2$2&$62%$2R.2Pashley,21834.

    50| & .

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    51/88

    &DGOEBC8 HI9EB KM-

    [email protected]@ LQE BKLGIBCVE CB CGBEQEBCVE

    [email protected] LGM. B AQEG9 GDGCD8IQKE

    [email protected] [email protected]@ [email protected] [email protected] LG Y^^a. [email protected]

    ELBC7J [email protected] GBCGB>J >BPE LTL>

    LG [email protected] J H>IBGO7J [email protected] %E>LBC8J [email protected]

    GCIL9J.

    2HGDGLB HQJ LG Y`ZY \]b LQE CLG9CQE LGM [email protected] 8LE

    MKGMD6EGB LG HIQLTCGDDG LGM *GE=9EGM (Y`[X) [email protected]> [email protected]

    MIC9 [email protected] [email protected] "DD6 GB KME>O>9J >HEKL6K>BJ (Y`^ , Y``a, Y`a],

    a_) >FE6IBGO7J LGMICBC8J CMIBIO9J CB >9OE >BVK>B LTKG LG HG-

    KLT LQE GMKGMD6EQE, VKL> LG YaXX H>[email protected] KLG YYb

    YaZ\, > [email protected] ELDDEHG>9EEL>J GM-

    MD6EGB >LG9CBKE HT [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] 1GMIC9.

    "HT LG Y^^a 7QJ LG Y`a` GB KMEA8C>J ?Q8J [email protected] [email protected] MH8I-

    E LTKG [email protected], VKL> >6E MH8IF> C6HGB DGOEBC8 HICLTJ [email protected] 1G Y`a`

    LGMICBCTJ TODGJ CL7KNF> >CLGEL6=>J [email protected] CB LTL> GB +>-

    D>J WME6>BJ HI>[email protected] MLGEG9 KLG [email protected] CB [email protected] (Y`a`-YaY[) HT [email protected] >HGO8 ML8 CB H7I

    HB=>9 KLG [email protected] HIGKN7I>LB >D>UA>I CB GB [email protected];GB =>E F>EB-

    UGELB HB BI6 HI7LIQE.

    E A KME>[email protected]>9 @ >

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    52/88

    &;4>52C7 54 9?=45G7 9;7C7, 6>;29< 7G=>2< >2< 56=45*< 9?=45*< (=G197>4 ;>4>9F-

    < 0 =204G=04< >9?), 570 ?>* >2 0>@;=2 E > 6645.

    >7 EC< >>94 2 2 >9? 4 >97 >9=>94=54, G=>0 30

    G=45. >=4, E >97 +49 05E>2 05E3257 ;E>0; 66 F9 >9-

    4 0 0>@;=04< >9? 05 >9? ;C==459F: >9 4*2 >9? 4-

    964 5E596 0.+&0 % %&!+. $ +&% % !&!+.

    RKK) 54 >9 4*2 >9? . 40;97>[email protected] !'!** (JRKM).

    +4 A;E74, => &74 0+=22;49940+>4 54 9 =?73-

    < 54 30>;45E< =?;@< 7E62< #59?69F2< (JRIJ ). #59?-

    F2< +;?=0 >9 JRKM >9 +!% &% %%(=*0; 0741-

    49 '0+9). ;*9; EC< *0 =>27 3*7. 50+ =?730=0 9?-

    5* 4 966 30>;45 ; 54 ;B0 54 9 +49< 30>;45 ;,E > 99+ >9 7C=>E>0;9 0+74 2 4=50?* >9? #,!&0 >9? >9-

    94=54 (JRMO), 66 54 019;@*>, EC< >9 ?34=>E;2

    +#%.(JRPM).

    #>9 ;56049, >9 =+>4 >9? 05E>2 #>?6479F 608+9? 54 >9?

    9? >9? 0?>;2 608+9? ?*;80 >E9< =?77>2=2< >C7 >945G7

    799?7C7 5> >2 4;504 >9? 0=9969? 2 96F5;9>2-

    >9? &=9?7 (=0 0>@;=2 E > 79;245 >9? =9? H-

    5652) *>7 >9 >060?>+9 46+9 9? 08C=0 9 608+9? =>27 3*-

    (JRKJ), 66 E60< 94 ;929F070< 05E=04< >9? ;>994-

    3257 =>9 ;56049. #>27 0;+99 ?>* [email protected]+10>4 0 29=4-

    =04< 54 9 +59< 17>152< (JQQL JRNP), 7 54 2 7066*-

    54 5E=4 5>47996+ >9? ;9? >9? 0+74 0>96045*.

    17>152< 30C;9F=0 >9 045E >9? 9+2 **!(JRKP) C45E>0;9 ;9 >9?, 66 470 7C=>E< 0 >27 04>?A+ 9?

    A7 > ?34=>9;*> >9? &. ! '!++&0 #" &$'(JRMO),

    '+% !/#.(JRNL), !*+. "%*+0%+! (JRNM) 54 #0+&. '!*$.(JRNN). $9 E79 >9 99+9 4;>+10>4 =>27

    ;*>2 0+74 9 '+% !/#., 66 2 30G;2=2 >9? 5E=9? >9F

    17>152, 9 2;C45E< 2074=E250, A04 ;9-

    7G< =?7030+ E >97 =?;@ 0 >27 44E>2> >9? 7 0+=4

    ;2>45E* >9? 5E=9? 0+74 7 6 0;-

    745G7, 74>=0D5G7 54 ;84=>45G7 40G7 54 A;5>2;+10>4 E

    7 >?>EA;972 =?7F;82 7>43=0C7 (>9? >F9? =;5/70F-

    , ?B26E/A?+9, +=>2/4=>+, 56.), 9? 49;@G79?7 ;E-

    C >;45, =;==E07 E 0=C>0;45< =?5;9F=044-

    ;30>45* >5>45* A;2=4994*3250 E >97 17>152 5E

    4 C< >0A745* @*2=29 [email protected]+9 =>9 6474 >9? !04;4] 6?5E 619;=479

    C< 0;A?=0 > ;G45 >14, *50 54 ?>E =>9 [email protected]+9, 5;0-

    =>250 =0 A;4 54 F>0< 54 59F>06, *280 =>9 >154, *;7

    C>4 94 9>+6409 @22>45E [email protected]< >9? 17>152 43>04

    7 ;4662 92>0+, =>27 99+ >9 =F70>9 4;>+104

    ?;+;A9 ;E69:

    [2 ;A* >9F !*+. "%*+0%+!] $;+>2 >2< ;*G;

    60B0 2 604>9?;4. 6?54, >;[email protected];* ;, *649 7>;, 7=>+79?7>4 >

    AE;>, 70+704 9 &;4=>E< E 530 =96;54 AG.

    17>152< [email protected] =0 ;G>9 9 >27 6>04, 5E;2

    >9? 05E>2 #>?6479F 608+9?. > >27 0;+99 ?>*, >9? 0=9-

    969?, [email protected]+10>4 4 604 =?;@C7 9? 077*3257 =>27

    ;*>2. 4E< >9F 05E>2 #>?6479F, 9 0?>;2< (;56049 JQRI

    JROM), *>7 @46E699*< (>9? >9F669?, >9?

    #>@7 50E;50, >9? "+650) 54 942>*07=>0;0< =?77>*=04< =>9 =+-

    >4 >9? 0?>;2 608+9? =>9 ?34=>E;2 >9? &**. +&0 -

    &0*!& (JRMJ). 94*>;4, 019;@9< 54 30>;45* =?;@04 (608+9?) 17>152 (;56049 JQQO 3*7 JROK) 54

    2 019;@9< 662 608+9? (;56049 JQRM 3*7 JRQQ) *>7 0;-

    @< >9? 0?>;2. 6694 84E6994 =?;@0+< 9? 12=7 4 ;G-

    >2 0;+99 >2< 1C*< >9?< =>9 ;56049 *>7 2 94*>;4 54 019-

    ;@9< #[email protected]+ ?;904*!52 (%9?;7* =43+9? JQRQ 3*-

    7 JRPP) 54 9 019;@9< 4772< #@54752< (0962 =4-

    3+9? JRIL 3*7 JRQP). 9< 9;7;9< (#+ 0==;< JRIO

    3*7 JRPI) 0+74 7< 5E 5;2>45E< =?;@< 9? 79< 0-

    >9+52=0 =>27 3*7.

    4 9 =?964=>G7 942>G7, 94 99+94 A9?7 0+>0 6-

    45 0+>0 C7>64;45 ;E>? 5>97>4 E > &74: 7>G-

    72< >19?;E< (* 069< 6954;47E2;4994*3250 4 0;+99 =>9 ;56049,

    E9? 54 *>7 05E>;4 >9? 0;49459F +!. #., ;47 7 0-

    >0+ =>27 3*7.

    =27>45E>0;9< 5;2>45E< =?;@< >2< 074< >9? JRLI 0+-

    74 9 019;@9*;45E< =?;@-

    @;=>*< 54 5;4>45E< !7>06*< !;00652< ("3?79 JRIR 3*-

    7 JRQO). & &%! $!. '!+.(JRLQ), 2 ?34=>9;45* >;469+

    +!.(JRMQ JRNI) 54 >9 ?34=>E;2 #!&. +&0 ,%+&0 (JRNR)

    =?74=>9F7 > A;5>2;4=>45E>0; ; >9?. 8+ >2< 019;@+9? !;00652 07 =>2;+10>4 =>27 6697 F72 695* >C7 @2-

    2>C7 >9?, 66 =0 7 ;989 =?7?=E ?B26G7 40G7 0

    4 6D5* 664;+19?= 29>45*.

    4 [email protected]>440< [>]97 0;=70 [>97 C7=>7>*] 079 E

    >9?< ;E9?< 9+>80 >2 36== = 7 >27 9A4;0>9F=0 -

    ;4=>780 9 16227 ;F; >9 =>*39< >9? 54

    >27 B4 ?;9?4 9F 77 9 >;=7< 54 > B;45 5-

    >;4 54 06059F4, 54 6>4, 54 B;4 =4=79. (& 1%+&)

    E >97#!& +&0 ,%+&0 54 ; 2 ;C* >9? !;006-

    52 09>+10>4 0 0>@?=459F< 54 5947C7459F< ;962>4=9F2 4;504 >9? 0=9969?, EC< 54 =>4< ;929F0709? "97>4=9F (!;G>2 327D5* #A96*) 54 >2< 0-

    74< >9? JQQI (H0F>0;2 327D5* #A96*), 2 699>0A7+ 9? ;0-

    >4 E 5;2>459F< =?;@0+ >9 6697 * *>>97 >

    ;0F> >2< 3*74 2 04;>45* 019;@+ * 2 ?0;-

    ;064=>45* 9+2=2 9?=419?7, 2 019;@+ 5969?30+ 239;@4-

    5 * ;064=>45 ;E>?, 07G 2 9+2=2 =?964=>45 ;E>?. =

    => A;E74 >9? H0F>0;9? !5E=49? !E609? 54 >9? @?6+9? -

    ;0>4 E >9?< F9 =27>45E>0;9?< =?;@0+< >2< 0;4E9?, >9

    17>152 54 >97 !;00652, 4 0>6672 9;@* >2< 239;@+

    >2< 074< >9? JQQI: >9 &. ! '!+ +&0 #" &$'29=40F-

    3250 >9 JRMO 54 >9 H7>;9, 9 ;G>9< >E9< >9F ;2>459F, >9 JRMQ.

    4 07G 9 !;00652< =>2;+10>4 0;4==E>0;9 =>27 76=2 >9

    *39?< 54 >2< 6G==< >C7 64E>0;C7 ;2>45G7, ;+=50>4 2-

    6* 62=4=>0; =0 4 0;4=>45* 7>+62B2 >2< 019;@+152< 964104 >27 239;@+ >9? 0 72=?A+0< 0>@?=45

    (>9 7E2 >9? 5E=9?, >27 F;82 >9? 09F 54 >2< B?A*9 7E2-

    >2< 73;G472< 1C*45< (077>+97 4< 9+2=2

    5;4 E >2 1C*, EC< ?>* >9? 66;). 5;2>45* 4=>-

    =2 >9? &$';+=50>4 =>9 E>4 ?>E< 9 2-;2>45E45E< A;5>*;45* 799>;9+ @0>;9?, 0 > 6E4 >9? 9? 9-

    >069F7 >9 06F>0;9 ;9< >9? 50479? >9? ?34=>9;*>945* >2< ;;E>2>97 =?;-

    @ 7>45>9>;+104 4 6D5* 54 5;2>45* 7>+62B2 4 >27 019-

    ;@+, 7>+62B2 7>+30>2 0 >2 6E4 07E< 56; =?;@.

    E >27 662, 9 ;064=E< >C7 5;2>45G7 07 704 019;@C7,

    5E 54 E>7 ;@7 239;@+, ;9=49;+10>4 =0 069 3-

    E E >27 ;84=>45* 40969+ E694 94 019;@94 9? =>97 0-

    =9E609 0+A7 07=>0;74=>0+ >27 599?74=>45* 40969+, ?>85> 57E7 >4< 4=32>45< >9?< 712>*=04< =>4< 07>96< >9? =9-

    =464=>459F ;064=9F (94 [email protected]< 608+9?, 2 #[email protected]+ ?;904*-

    !52, 9 9< 9;7;92< 239;@+< 0 >9 =9=464=>45E ;064=E

    >4< ?;845< 72=?A+0< 95;2>459940+ 07 ;04 >97 5;2>45E =?-

    7>060=>* >2< ;7C 699>0A745*< ;C*< 54 >=4, >27 07>=-

    =04 =>9 7066*749 * 54 > 4037* (=>27 0;+>C=2 >9? 17>152)

    699>0A745 ;0F>. 4 =?;@0+< 9? 29=40F9?7 > ;G> =2-

    7>45 50+07 >9?< 0> >9 JRMN (H45>+92 2->945*, 7066*74 * 403745* 799>;9+, 5E-

    54 E>7 2 ;*>2 C< >945E A;G * 44+>0;2 772=2

    0+74 2 2* 54 >9 3 >C7 5047C7 >9?* 2 7 7>+62B2,

    E9? 9 =>EA9< >9? =?;@ 07 0+74 2 4=>*, 0;4=>45* 7-

    ;=>=2 >9? >9459F, 66 6697 4 0+;=2 9? 0+74 0-

    ;4==E>0;9 0=2 ; 0=2, 0;4==E>0;9 70?>45* ; ?64-

    5*, @+70>4 7 0+74 2 7E; 9? 4=AF04 E >9 >69< >9? H0F>0-

    ;9? !5E=49? !E609? C< =*0;. 4 >>94 4 7>+62-

    B2 5969?30+ >27 086482 >2< 5E=4< 699>0A7+9?;-

    64=E0A745*< ;@*< >9F< A9?7 7>45>=>*=04. 5E 54 >9 ;0-

    64=>45E>0;9 019;@2 9? ;@0>4 E >E>0 54 08*45*< ;@*< 9? 956+79?7 E ?>9F< 9

    49?7 > 50+07 >9? 615 54 >9? %6C;L.

    +

    6+.

    "

    +

    &. $(1929)

    *+

    /6+.

    ' *57+ 5 6 .. /: 5 7 , 56 $.". %6+.! 5+ 7 6 75 7 655, + 5 5 8 55 ! &6,

    + + 57 8 208 -' + # 7 19 + 5.

    52| & .

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    53/88

    { } # , , , " , % "% , $, ,, , !

    "$'2 "

    , &"0# -

    '* (7568) % "'+' 655

    1%" 1 1 (6-67-7568). "-

    $'2 $, " $ #" "-

    3%" $'% " % +"*

    %'+%0%* +$* *

    +'* *, '% * 6*

    #' 6=68 #" $"+ 3 + %" * 02'+ 1

    * *- +'% "+'"#1 "# #" +'% '$2' "+1 +*

    * *!

    % %&' +'% 2' * '* #%* #" $"+ 1"

    '% #"#1 +#"%'2 2, "'%*, +$3*

    # + ", $'*, 10*: (0'+$"'* $'* * %3%: ,

    .;69/6-67-6=68) #%, .. 1 %: -

    , '1", $. +' 2$$' * 7

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    54/88

    0B?C ; D>@?9C @C 88:*C ?9+C C @; >-

    @C >*@C 9 @;: [email protected]>@[email protected]: ?8) @;: [email protected];: [email protected]; 9-

    E8;: [email protected]* ;>@* @C -

    @*C ;9;=?BC @C 8;:*?;E 9 @: 88, $$ $&

    !#%&, AC (D 9:;:

    >*@C, D 9:;: ; )B:, 88 8; ; &8-

    :C @C 9+F;:;C 88;C A [email protected];: :;>=C C @: ?E:@[email protected]@:

    [email protected]*: @;E >. + @ @//?A 88:* ?9+ [email protected]; A>*:;EJ C @: +: A)-

    : 9)88 @: E>*: : [email protected]* E*:;C + ?9+, ?9/;-

    : @C ?E:@8?A+?C ;@@B:, AE?=: E:A>=/71" 42 932. 7"-1*3"4*+;2 %*51$;2 42 8&* $*" 4 &$ 1":

    1 ("' 1913

    1. 9)> +? ;>@:*, 9)> +? 98

    ?*9> > )* 8

    :@88*?: @ /;E:, >*@ 9;E, ;?9):

    FC, 9 @: 88 9C, C @; [email protected])99

    ?; ; D>:; ;E:, [email protected] I9/>+;E

    +:@ @>*, @;E 9>;8;+;E.

    3. =:C, [email protected], ?8/, =:B: ;ED+C,

    ?*9> [email protected]*:, )D;E: @)C, [email protected]: >*@ 9C @8;9,

    [email protected] @; ;:C, F;9 @: [email protected];>+

    :=A;E9 *:;, +:B: @ AE?+.

    5. :/;E9 [email protected] 9:*9 @;EC >+ E:B9;?:C

    @; ?9 A /;: *@, :,

    *@ 8A> D [email protected]: @>:.

    +D :B>+? @;: FE, @B: :@=: #;>B:

    =:C F;? [email protected], 8?B: /;>B:.

    '@: ; E:[email protected] @C, [email protected]@; ;:C

    *A8: )8D;, C.

    9: ::@>:+F;E:, A8;E @; 8,

    : @; >@;: D98, BC @ FB* @: 88.

    @;+, +D: [email protected]; 9E8 @;EC,

    @ [email protected]> ?: 9

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    55/88

    K" +" ()(, " 2('"

    #'3+ )# (2 "* (-

    $"2)* %"*, ))'3% %

    % ()'+(!" ' )"-#'3, + #")'3* +#'* #" +

    )2%" ()"%, % #)+" $4-

    % 2 '. %"

    ('#2 (2 '* ()"++2-

    * 2" ' ()%* " ""4%"+ "* $* -

    " ()'+ ' #" "") +'" (' +%-

    '% % ('$""+"# ' '%2.

    (2 +"#2) %" #" '+"#, (' %

    0 % ('$ ( #)+*, "')* #"

    '$""+'3. % )+#', # % %4 ',

    ("' 1%%2 #" ()2+')' (' #)+* #" ("-

    "%1%*, 2$ 2+ +%!'% % 3()& *,

    ' ('$'3% ' %" *.

    $3)* %')* 3)1 (2 % ()'+,

    %$%' +)2( % %# ()'++*

    *. $$ " #)"4* %%''3, % ' ()'+"')+-('. '3 %" '+"+"# ()2+; 5% ! ()-

    " % %" " #('" ')"'!+ 1% ()+-

    % (' ! (')'3+% % %'%; 5% ' -

    )+" + * #2 +4*, % ! ()(" %

    ! ()'+ * + '+"# ()2(

    % ! ()(" % %" " #('" ()+ %

    '", #", (' ('$ (" 1% #")4% *.

    % $$' &"'()2+#' +' %" ()'+(!"

    ' %", ' '3 ('$$* ')*, % ')%4%'%"

    %$* ()'+"# * 2)% #" ",

    " ' #)2 " "')"#* %#* (2 -

    * (' " +"* #'"%1%"#* * #$4+"* $

    '*, (+"* #$(. ('$3 +1+, +($)4%"

    + ' ()'+"#'3 * ')%"#'3 +%2$'

    '+"# 2)%/')4 (' # % ("%

    %4 % ($)4%'% % $$"0. 4 ()-

    " % * ()'$" () ('$3, % )+#' '

    ', (' $"4%" ' +1+2 #" )" %'-

    . " ()1'+')* * %'1 '% % -

    !3% " 2.

    ()" " +%" +'% ')%"#2 * ($'3'

    " $"+ %'1 2" 2% '% ')%"#2 ($'3' %

    % " #" $$ ()")" * ()* *. -

    1* $'"(2% + 2% ! ()(" % +)'3, 4+

    +%$* * "$'3 (% " % )"# '-

    # % )'% ' #)2 (' ()(";

    $)#" $ % ) + ()'+"# *

    '+"# 2)% ' "")' "#2 * 2)1.

    A A ,

    { } # ! , $! # !, #!#! !. ! #!, #! ! #! , # !! #"! # ! .

    , . Nellys, 1939 ).

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    56/88

    !""*#! ( / *% *'%: "+'!, "2', '%#*1"+'. #* )!*1%+# 1* )*% )2#%"% */#

    /# &%+ # +*1 *% *'% */# %'#/#, $!#3#*( &1 *% 2*'% % *( '%#*1"+'(

    ' *%# %$2*'% &%+ ( # *% "+'!, "&%+# % &%"2 ( %, +*% &%+ ) # %+-

    )!1 '% # * " *( #'1#)( *%+.

    % &'1" %+ *# # # **%% %+)!1 1'#% # *% !'*!1 1'/ 1&/(*% ". "! '! *%# #'/&% &%+ &%'%2) # %) ) +*1 *% &'. #

    % 3'%( &"$!( &%+ !*)!+ "2'(. ! +&++#1** )!+ / )*% )-

    % &%+ *%+ /). 4# )!*! %2* '1#% %2* '. &1 * ' *%+ ! # #% %+-

    )!1 1'#%. /' &) "2', %#'3( )*# 1, "! )*% !%+) ! &1-

    "+* &)* )*% !'*!1 1'/. &1 * &$ ' *%+ !*)!+)* ##! *% -

    "% 1'#% )*% *'% "+'!, "2', '%#*1"+' ! &1 *%2 ! )*% $( # & 1

    *% *'% "" *% !%+'**%, 1&/( '!*'* )*# # %'%"%, *%+ !'*!%2 %-

    '3*%(. )+#*( , '%#*( # %+)!1 '%, +)! )*% '!*', 2%(, %(

    ! '+1 *( %+)!( ( " ! /# &%+ +)*1)* $+&'* !

    *%+ %+)! )!.

    %$2( *%+ %(, *%# !'1, +&%'/) )*

    %+' *( '%#*1"+'(. %"2 )% %

    1( ( ') # %+' %!%#

    #/# " %)/) )*% !'*!1

    1'/. &%* *% +* # &%% &-

    *!1, * &1)*) */# /# &1 *%#

    2 "+'! - )*%# '2 '%#*1"+' - *#

    ". # &1)*) +* &%"2 )%

    "+ "2'. *) *% !'*!1 1'/-

    %+'! %!%# %'#/#

    "+'!, "2', '%#*1"+' - &%+ &'&,

    %+ +&%'/), +*1 *% )2#%"% #

    %+*%+ *% )+#+"!1 ( !'1.

    * !1, !#%&%)%+# *) % &'/-)*%'( ( *%+( *%2"!( *( &-

    %)( (. !#%*% &%+ # !

    %+'!1 # &'%)! */#

    '!%!%2%+#/#, &%+ *%# )+#*, -

    # 1'/ %#!1 ) #"%

    %+)! !1#. )*2/ *# *( '-

    ( */# '!%!%2%+#/# )* '+!

    / *( %+)!( (, *# /)# * "-

    */# &'%*/#. &1 +*1 "&%+ &1)%

    %#! #%+# * &%"*)*! ! &'-

    ""%#*! )*%.

    " +* #%#* !"2*' #*"&* #

    &%)%+ 1* %+)! # # &%*

    %+ !+". % &%* * ! +#3#

    *%+( &'&1*%+(, &%+ # # *&%*

    "% &' +) *%+ !""*#, *%+&"%2 +*%2 %+'%2 &%+ *% *'%%%*

    &%+ *# %+' *%+ *% !# 1"%

    &%% %'*!1, &%% +#!1. "" +*1

    &%* &1 *( '( ! &%"*)%2 #

    ; &1 *( '( +*( $!#), !-

    ) )*% *%+ '+! ! &'&1*%+(

    +*1 &%+ %2 )' # # *&%*

    "%, &' *% ) *( +( */# -

    %+'3#. & 1,* + &%!* -

    *'% ))1, &""* &)*2/ #

    '+# ) 1"% *%+ *% !%( ! &"*%( &1

    *% 1#% &)*%#!1 %' *%+ #)%2 (,

    ##%3 *% &)*1 (. % %" )*

    %+)! (. +*1 *# '+# *%+ %'%-

    *) * #)1**, *# +#*!1**, *%

    2%(, *% %( ! * '+! / *( %+-

    )!( (. " +* !'2%+# # +)*'%

    &%+ )* +&%'/#% # '+#)%+

    ! # &'%)%')%+.

    !1 "3 &%)*%", #

    3) *) )*% "% '3* &3(

    #'%#)%+ *# !'*! %+)! ! 1

    +)! # *# #'%#)%+. )*2/

    !'2 ) *( # "%, !* *% *"-/( *'%, )*% %&%% &'& # %

    +&2+# *). % *%2#% # #

    # &'%+ *% %%/#!1 +'/&0!1 %!%-

    1 ! ) ) +*1 ! *'1&% #

    &'%)&)%+ # #*$%+ *# #'1#)

    *( !'*!( %+)!(. *# !'*!

    %+)! ' # % ""#!( !"!(,

    1&/( ( *( !"'%1*)# % '% (

    &'1%#%, )* )+'* *%+(. "!(

    &%+ &%%+# ""#! + ! / )*(

    %&%( &)*2/ '# " %+)!

    ', +* * %&% +)# *( *'-

    /( *%+( ! &%+ +)*+3( # %+# -

    ) ' ) (, 1&/( * !# */# *'-

    /3#.

    #/ ) +*( *( !"!( '%+# %&'/*%)*%'( ( *( )*( "/-

    ( *%+( ! *'%+%2# *%+( !%2( *%+(

    /'( # *%+( *( $ !#(. +*1

    )*'% 1*# +&%)*'/ &/( * -

    * +* &%!#2* )+# *( +-

    "( (. * &"%2)** )+&&* %+-

    )! !') */# &'%1#/# ( +* *%+

    )'#%2 !""*#.

    +*1 &%+ 3') +&%'/) %+ #

    !* !&%% *'1&% # '/ )*# *'%+)

    56| & .

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    57/88

    { }#& "(!$ 135 '! # (#( !'( !# #". 1878 !#& !&%& !& " "#& $& #& (#& #!(( #!( "# %" ! $(&.

    *>*1, =+6 1 [email protected]

    3+; 1B34; /[email protected]; 98> ?// [email protected]+*8> 41=348D

    4C. 3 F3C83 9+=/; =1;

    1=34; [email protected]+3858*+; + LG @C63+ (HG-HPJG).

    "D5588; 5/3=8D191-

    *1; +6

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    58/88

    Q 8UX. < Stillm$n NOCZXO XQ 8UX ON XQ 8Q]-

    , _Y O_Q CQ P`XN ONXUZ XV UN-

    V Y [ QO\N 8PONUNQ_V X . 1_ X 1U-

    NPNO_ 7QXNX`X XV 1UNOV QXCO XQ @UNI-

    O PU IN`YQ X]Q UYQaQ XQ 8UX. ?_X UY-

    O ON X NQ]NO_ PN X]Q 8UaQ.

    >X O`OPV X]Q P]Q QOZC]Q INYU`QO

    1UNOQ`V U[NP_YV, OUYZ XQ H$##iet

    o"d X 8`N. >X _Q [U_QN H$##iet Bo"d Y-

    UXO XQ Edit' H$ll ON XQ ic'$#d Se$&e# XQ Q-

    Z X 3YUQN. ? H$##iet Bo"d `UO _V QOZCV XQ 8UX, PP QINZCUO N X PC-

    ON IY X]Q QOZaQ XV (). XQ /QV [U]X` _[N _Q X YUX XY N-

    ]NO` PNXN`, PP ON XQ XU_ UQV XYV (C-

    U, IRQCV OUaQ, PXU ICQIU]Q ON aQ OXP.).

    X YOUNXNO XNO XY QCXR XQ OUXNO_ PNXN_

    V [V XY [PO` X YU`XU PN X]Q PNXNaQ

    V QXPNOV Y (NYXNO_, XNO_, N-

    OUNXNO_) ON XV NU]XNOV ON QN]XNOV 4PPIV. 6

    UZU XY XQ OXQ_ XY NQ]NO` PNXN`

    XQ QXP] XY QOX_UY XQ 8Q]_ XQ P.

    < D. Ho&$#t' QCO\ X NOX QXU, X Y[U_ ON

    X 5OU, _Y QOPY\ XX XV NQ]NOV _PV. To

    f o Bos$nqet QCO\ XQ =UN_ XV >XV ON XQ

    IN [U_Q C[UN X j QCO\ X =POXU, K

    XYV . . D$!kins, J. L. M"#es ON . ;. Tod. < D$!kins

    XQ M. L. W. L$istne# QCO\Q X g X PN 8UaQ

    X Q_XN PN XY PUX ON XQ =PX XY U-

    IY 9NY.

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    59/88

    { }

    $" $" #$ $" $' "$' "!% #$ $$ " $' $"$', " $ $ $' ' (16'-17' .)" $ $ $' ". $% # # "' "',$#' & #$' "' $ "& ##$$', $#-#$ " $$ $ " " .

    & &+&!"2 *!& * #& 2

    "&3* '#!2+ %! "! -

    !+"+&$!" +& +$ '&*$ *+&

    +& $+*!$!"& $!!*&3,

    '& '!"+&3* +2+. + *+!" "-

    +#/ + + '2 +& &3"& -

    +%3 +0$ +4$ 5867 "! 5889 $ &*

    +% "+*+" "0 *+! '2#!,

    '& "!&3* !+!", %!&'&!4$+ +! '&*

    '&&, 2'0 +$ + &0+!" , $&, 2*! "+-

    , ## "! !!0+!" "+&!".

    +! '&& +, '& $ '&*+ *$+!" &-

    "+ + !"! +& '&, '&*+"$ $, 2'0 +-

    (#!2+ *+! '2#! "#!& "! $!, '!**2+ *+&

    $&) +& "+!*+!"&3 !$ +&, 2*!

    + () "! "$. +& '* +0$ 2$0$ '#-

    $ "+ ## '& +& !2+&, +2*& *+$ "# &-

    +0$ '2#0$, 2*& "! *+$ *+!" !+"+&$!" +$

    &*" '2!0$, %3#!$0$ '"+*0$ ("!2*"!) "! ##0$

    +*"4$. +*! & ! +2+ +!"&0'1"2 "+

    0$ &!"!*4$, ' *!-*! $ $+&$ $++!"& 4.

    !& +& !"&3 ##$!"&3 "+& '! *+-

    " +$ !+"+&$!" "! *+! "+2$ "2 '2 +&

    3"& '. $ ! '& 0$!" +&"+&

    '&4$+! * '0*! *+! &*$!" &!-

    ++, &! &'& '#&$ &$+&$ $ "$&$ !*+ +$

    $'*'!'"%!' %'1858).

    ,'(.' '(((*!''&.' P'Blanc,'+''1900).

  • 8/12/2019 Union of Crete with Greece

    60/88

    / 230 12 $$# 26+ 3#:+. /$9 23 +$-

    *119 /5%$ + /5$2 8 2&+ $*$9'$/& **# $ + +2+ 13!*18, 3 13+#$2 $ 2& 13+5$ 23

    +30. /5%$ + #$1#9$ 120 8*$0 23 +&19 13+-

    %$2 281 $ 20 *1120 21$0 23 +$/19,

    3 53+ $!:1$ 12& *7 /52$2+, **

    +2*2 $*$218, 3 13+#$2 $ 2& 313*-

    +82&2. 3+8$+& /31 26+ /122#6+

    3+$6+ 120 8*$0, #60 2&+ 282$ /62$931 +,

    /+$ 1$ $4 230 /&290 $ 2+ $3/678 2/8 %60.

    $//0 $+ 4+$/0 12&+ /52$2+, $+: +$0 5/-

    0 2/8 +6+0 13$/4/0 +3+ 2&+ $4-

    1 230, $+%+20 2 13+2&/&28 +2