When I Get Back If you didnt take your War of 1812 test on Wednesday, come afterschool on Thursday. Wednesday is the last day to turn in your War of 1812 newspaper article, so turn it in the homework bin. Turn in your daily guided questions (Week 13) in the homework bin too. Slide 2 14.1 Review and Reteach Slide 3 CA Standards 8.4.2 Explain the policy significance of famous speeches (e.g., Washingtons Farewell Address, Jeffersons Inaugural Address, and John Q. Adamss Fourth of July 1821 Address). 8.4.3 Analyze the rise of capitalism and the economic problems and conflicts that accompanied it. (e.g., Jacksons opposition to the National Bank; early decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court that reinforced the sanctity of contracts and a capitalist economic system of law). 8.6.2 Outline the physical obstacles to and the economic and political factors involved in building a network of roads, canals, and railroads (e.g., Henry Clays American System). 8.8.1 Discuss the election of Andrew Jackson as president in 1828, the importance of Jacksonian democracy, and his actions as president (e.g., the spoils system, veto of the National Bank, policy of Indian removal, and opposition to the Supreme Court). Slide 4 Essential Questions How was the power of the federal government strengthened during the Era of Good Feeling? How did U.S. foreign affairs reflect new national confidence? How did the people gain more power during the Age of Jackson? Why did Jackson use force to remove Indians from the Southeast? How did old issues take a new shape in the conflict over a national bank and tariffs? Slide 5 Concept Map Create a concept map using Henry Clays American System as the center circle. -Look at your notes or textbook pages 216-217 to create your concept map. Henry Clays American System ( ) Slide 6 Henry Clays American System Support the Bank of the US (National Bank) Increase Infrastructure Protective Tariffs Slide 7 Henry Clays American System Support the National Bank (2 nd Bank of the United States). Protective Tariffs. Improve Infrastructure (transportation system). Slide 8 National Bank Also known as the Bank of the United States. Lent money to business owners (wealthy). Stable currency, controlled money supply, state banks issued too much. A safe place to keep federal money. Placed confidence in other banks. Slide 9 Tariffs Tax on imports. -Foreign goods cost more. -British were dumping goods (selling cheap products). -Buy American. -Help pay for improvements. -Southern states dont like to pay them. Slide 10 Infrastructure Paid for by tariffs. System of transportation that helps with trade and the economy. Slide 11 Concept Map Create a concept map using the Supreme Court cases dealing with the economy. -Look at your notes or textbook pages 217-218 to create your concept map. Supreme Court Cases (1819) (1824) Slide 12 Supreme Court Cases McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) Dartmouth v. Woodward (1819) Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) Slide 13 Supreme Court Cases Copy down the Key Concepts on page 243 named, Key Supreme Courts Cases and Their Impact. Slide 14 Concept Map Create a concept map using U.S. foreign policy as the center circle. -Look at your notes or textbook pages 219-221 and 225 to create your concept map. U.S. Foreign Policy ( ) Slide 15 U.S. Foreign Policy Adams-Onis Treaty (1819) Adams 4 th of July Address Monroe Doctrine (1823) Latin American Independence (1810-1825) Slide 16 Adams-Onis Treaty Spain can control Floridas Native Americans from raiding American settlements. Andrew Jackson sent to control them. Spain ceded Florida to the USA. Slide 17 Slide 18 Adams July 4, 1821 Speech Showcased USAs foreign policy. -No designs on territories of other nations (no colonization). -Doesnt want to be a world police. Slide 19 Latin American Independence European powers are losing their Latin American colonies. By 1825, most of Latin America is free from Europe powers. France and Russia say they might help Spain regain colonies. Slide 20 Slide 21 Monroe Doctrine, 1823 U.S.A warns Europe not to interfere in Americas. -dangerous to our peace and safety. -USA wants to trade with L. Amer. -U.S. wont interfere in Europe. Slide 22 Concept Map Create a concept map using Andrew Jacksons Presidency as the center circle. -Look at your notes or textbook pages 225-228 to create your concept map. Andrew Jacksons Presidency ( ) Slide 23 Andrew Jacksons Presidency Increased Suffrage Spoils System Veto of the National Bank Slide 24 Jacksonian Democracy Slide 25 Increased Suffrage Increased suffrage-The right to vote. States ease voting qualification. More people from the Western and Southern states are voting and holding office. Slide 26 Slide 27 Spoils System Rewarding loyal supporters with gov. jobs. Limits federal jobs to four-years terms. -Furthered democracy by bringing in new ideas and people. Slide 28 Veto of National Bank Jackson vetoes re-charter of Second Bank of the United States. -privileged institution that favors the wealthy. -Says it is unconstitutional. -Controlled money supply too much. Slide 29 States Rights & Nullification Americans debate powers between the states and fed. gov. (10 th Amendment). -Tariffs -federal laws (Alien and Sedition Acts) States dont have to follow laws that are unconstitutional or they object to. -Expressed by VP John C. Calhoun. -(Respect) the rights of the states[there would be no Union]. Slide 30 Nullification, South Carolina Rebels Threatens to secede (break off or leave the U.S.A) due to 1828, 1832 tariffs. Congress passes Force Bill. -Army and navy can be used against SC. Henry Clay proposes tariff that lowers duties over ten years. Slide 31 Guided Question What was the conflict between state and federal powers and how did it lead to concept of nullification and secession? Answer: 10 th Amendment reserved powers for the states, limiting federal power. Nullification: Idea that states didnt have to follow laws they objected to or were unconstitutional. If their rights were challenged, states had the right to secede (break off) the U.S.A. Slide 32 Study Guide pg. 94 Finish up Study Guide pg. 94. Use your notes or textbook pages to complete it.