This is a pdf copy of a Parental Engagement presentation developed by Ginny Huckaba
- 1.Engaged ParentsWho Needs em?Developing Teacher-Parent PartnershipsThat Focus onPositive Student Learning andBehavioral Outcomes
2. NORMS Be timely, present and participatory Phones on silent or stun Minimize sidebars Return from break 3. GoalsAt the end of this session, participants will:1. Have knowledge of what research says about engaged parents effect on student performance and behavior.2. Have knowledge of a variety of ways to encourage parents engagement in their childs education.3. Have engaged collaboratively with one another on ways to plan for increasing parental engagement.4. Be able to serve as a resource of information to others. 4. We know youre a teacher, but tell us more.. http://www.zoomerang.com/Survey/WEB22CV4M7N6ED 5. Regardless of family income or background,students with involved parents are more likely to: Earn higher grades and score higher on tests Attend school regularly Pass more classes, earn more course credits Have better social skills, show improved behavior, and adapt well toschool Experience increased academic success Graduate and go on to postsecondary education *Source: A New Wave of Evidence, SouthwestEducational Development Laboratory (2002) 6. A parents physical presence does notnecessarily equal a parental involvement. The involved parent provides thefollowing to his/her child:1. Support2. Insistence3. Expectations 7. 6 Types of School-Parent Involvement1. Parenting2. Communicating3. Volunteering4. Student Learning at Home5. School Decision-making and Advocacy6. Collaborating with the Community *Source: School, Family, and Community Partnerships: YourHandbook for Action, J.L. Epstein, Corwin Press (1997) 8. No significant learning occurswithout significant relationships.*Dr. James Comer 9. Memorable ExperienceThink about your life as a student. What memory stands out for you? How has this affectedyour approach to yourown childs education? 10. Going Beyond the traditionalParent-Teacher Conference:More than Spaghetti Suppers 11. Whats Their View on P-T Conferences? 12. Its your first visit to a new dentist. Whatare the things you see and hear that mightincrease or decrease your confidence inthe ability of the doctor and staff? 13. You are a parent, visiting your childs newschool. What might you see or hear thatmight increase or decrease yourconfidence in the school and its staff? 14. And the Survey SaysInventory of my Secondary Schools Family Friendlinessgo to: http://www.zoomerang.com/Survey/U2KH6UXQGR6A 15. And the Survey SaysInventory of my Elementary Schools Family Friendlinessgo to:http://www.zoomerang.com/Survey/U2KH6UXNGR53 16. Engaging Parents From the Start: Welcoming Culture Invite, Invite, Invite Inform, Inform, Inform Phones: real people Newsletters, website, school blog Feed them and they will come Nix Parenting Class titles Each onereach one (or more) Safe Schoolsfor parents too (emotional) 17. I know you believe you understand whatyou think I said, but I am not sure yourealize that what you heard is not what Imeant. *Richard M. NIxon 18. Tips for better communication Clarify everyones needs and wants. Be sure you understand what each really is saying. Convey a willingness to learn from each other. Agree to disagree agreeably. Use objective, non-judgmental language. Agree what each of you will do. Dont take it personally! 19. Be Mindful of These When Communicating w/Parents:1. MUTUAL RESPECT2. USE OF NON-EDUCATIONESE3. HOW HOME DISCIPLINE IS HANDLED4. HOW TIME IS VIEWED BY PARENT5. ROLE OF SCHOOL AND EDUCATION IN PARENTS LIVES 20. Effective Communication SkillsInvolve:Paraphrasing conveys attention and understanding. Im listening and I care.Clarifying provides greater specificity for either observer or teacher. Help me understand . . .Mediating stretches thinking, considers other possibilities. What if . . . 21. And now, a word from our participants: Paraphrasing and Clarifying 22. Cant I please justteach and leave parentengagement to theParent Facilitator? 23. How does classroom management fit inthe parent-engagement puzzle?Materials LayoutInstructionClassroomManagement PoliciesBehavior and ProceduresTime*Source: Behavior Management is not equal to Classroom Management, D.Ginsburg, Education Week (2011) 24. Scenario:Mrs. Allison, a ninth-grade science teacher, has been having trouble withSamuel Hodges misbehaving during lab time. After his second disruption,Mrs. Allison told Samuel that she was going to contact his parent. Thatevening, Mrs. Allison called Samuels mother, Ms. Andrews, and told herabout Samuels misbehavior.Ms. Andrews told Mrs. Allison to hold on; Mrs. Allison could hear Ms.Andrews talking to Samuel in the background. When Mrs. Andrews cameback on the line, she said Samuel told me that he didnt do it and my sondont lie. Mrs. Allison replied that she saw Samuels misbehavior and thatshe had talked to him about it after class. Mrs. Andrews shouted into thephone, Listen, Im tired; Ive worked hard all day and I dont have time forthis. My son aint no liar; he said he didnt do it and I believe himbecausehe dont lie to me. 25. With Your Partner/Group:Discuss: Is this scenario a realistic one? Could the teacher have used a differentapproach and, if so, what would yousuggest? Why do you think Mrs. Andrews reacted asshe did? Debrief 26. Effective Classroom Management =Engaging Parents Involvement Communicate, communicate, communicateearly, often and in variety ofmedia Let parents know your rules, routines, procedures; teach to kids andpracticeREGARDLESS of grade level Make yourself availablegive advance notice of available talk/meet time Know how to use parent PRbe open, be inviting, be yourself Invite, invite, inviteinto your class and into your activities Catch the kids doing good stuff and shout it from the rooftop to parents(especially the ones you know youre going to have to call conferences forbefore October arrives). Dont be afraid to phone home and let the kids know of your boldness! Document, duplicate, deliver and be determined (to follow up) 27. Parents are not a single group 1. Career-oriented/too busy to attend school activities2. Very involved in school activities3. Single parentsworking two jobsThink of parents as being4. Immigrant parentsmembers of distinct5. Parent w/overwhelming personalsub-groups. issues6. Surrogate parents7. Children who are, in reality, their own parent 28. Some parents choose to act as friendrather than parent to their child. Three possible reasons for this:1. Divorced/single2. Schedules3. Own parents history 29. Ideas and Suggestions to Encourage MoreParent Activity in Schools 30. Engaging Specific Groups of Parents: Two-career parent: fliers, web page, newsletter, email updateson class/school events, color-coded information (white-nice;yellow-concern; redimmediate attention), if call at work onlydo so to ask them to call you back when they are off work totalk Non-working /uninvolved parent: volunteer phone call updates,home contacts, coffee klatches at one parents home with 3-4other parents/principal/counselor Surrogate parent: since tends to be grandparents/fosterparents, offer support through a mentor who contacts themmonthly 31. Engaging Specific Groups of Parents: Immigrant parent: short videos (not commercially produced),dubbed in their own language explaining howschool works,talk to teacher, what grades mean, what homework is, etc. Single parent: activities with open time frames, food, child care,and possibly on weekends; videos introducing the teacher atbeginning of year Unavailable parents (child self-parenting): teacher child how tocare for self, provide linkages for student to other schoolservice agencies, counselor provide lunches for kids of similarcircumstances to meet, eat, and discuss relevant issues. 32. Ideas for Engaging Parents: Museum format for parent meetings. Introductions Video Let children attend with parent (volunteers work withchildren) Child-care for moms without support systems to attendactivities. Gift baskets or gift certificates donated by communitybusinesses. Food Offer classes for parents (filling out applications, computer,English, small-business) 33. Ideas for Engaging Parents: Fliers: use both written AND visual information Send home simple, how-to activities for parent andchild Make connectionseach one/reach one Make home visitsas appropriate Hold activities in community centers or other non-school locations Use a variety of announcement media throughoutthe year Buffetmake it easy, provide a variety of ways to beengaged 34. Ideas for Engaging Parents: Invite, Invite, Inviteand Ask Personally Welcome Wagon Pair newly involved parent w/experienced parentvolunteer Follow-up with parents on volunteerismsurveys/responses Limit meeting timeless than an hour Make it easy--provide variety of time slots if possible 35. Ideas for Engaging Parents: Show your appreciationsimply say thank youyields rewards Reach Outall making an effort, all the time Get the kids to perform (science fair, band concert,literacy/math night) Be at the activities; be visible yourself Speak to individual parentsbe mindful to include all Listen to parents suggestions; ask for input 36. Building Communities of Support: First-line staff trained to greet Diverse school-design teams identify needed supportsystems and develop solutions First-of-year home contacts by teachers, lasting nomore than five minutes. Ask parents and students informally andconversationally what the school can do to betterserve them Weekend activities; not athletics but other family-oriented activities Donuts for Dads--Coffee Chats for MomsGrandparents Lunch 37. Building Communities of Support: Picnics on Playground or Block Party (after school,on weekends) for Parents/Children Information for parents such as basic money skills,conflict resolution skills, etc. Student-led parent/teacher conferences Child-nominated parent awards Awards ceremony for Parent Volunteerism (usingvariety and diverse definition of) 38. With Your TeamBrainstorm, discuss and map out a plan for increasingparental engagement at your school that can be implemented in the upcoming school year. 39. Locate a resilient kid and youwill also find a caring adultorseveralwho has guided him. Invincible Kids, U.S. News & World Report 40. Be joyful and have a great year! 41. Sources: Payne, R.K. (2006), Working with parents: Building relationships forstudent success (2nd ed.). Highlands, TX: aha! Process, Inc. Payne, R.K. (2005), A framework for understanding poverty (4th reviseded.). Highlands, TX: aha! Process, Inc. Creagh, M.L. (2006), Nobody wants your child. Atlanta, GA: Rock HillBooks of Atlanta. Price, H.B. (2008), Mobilizing the community to help students succeed.Alexandria,VA: ASCD. Other sources are cited within the document.