M3- School culture

  • View
    14

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of M3- School culture

  • School Culture The way we do things around here (Bower,1966)

    *

  • Aims What is school culture ?

    The impact of culture

    Leadership and School Culture your context

    Leading my School Culture

    *

  • The challenge for leaders is to go beyond a focus onday-to-day management concerns and crises and tofocus on the larger purpose of work and of theinstitution in which the work is carried outThedeeper and more important task is to give passionate,relentless attention to mission and purpose, continuallyseeking ways to offer the gift of significance to one'sconstituents.-Bolman and Deal, Leading with Soul

    *

  • The bottom line for leaders is that if they do not become conscious of the cultures in which they are embedded, those cultures will manage them.

    Edgar H. Schein, 2004

    *

  • What do we mean by school culture ? If a teacher walked into a school , how would they pick up the culture ?

    Culture is the most powerful source of leverage for bringing about change in a school or any organization, for that matter.

    Thomas J. Sergiovanni

    *

  • Culture a DefinitionThe collection of relatively uniform and enduring values, beliefs, customs, traditions and practices that are shared by an organisations members, learned by the new recruits and transmitted from one generation of employees to the next Edgar Schein

    The way we do things around here

    The collective programming of the mind

    *

  • A set of common understandings around which action is organized, . . . finding expression in language whose nuances are peculiar to the group (Becker and Geer 1960).A set of understandings or meanings shared by a group of people that are largely tacit among members and are clearly relevant and distinctive to the particular group which are also passed on to new members (Louis 1980).A system of knowledge, of standards for perceiving, believing, evaluating and acting . . . that serve to relate human communities to their environmental settings (Allaire and Firsirotu 1984).

    *

  • What are the challenges you face in the current climate in maintaining the culture of your school?What are the cultural changes that are taking place within the school context because of external factors?

  • Three Levels of Culture

    Artifacts

    Espoused Values

    Underlying Assumptions

    *

  • Level OneWhat you might see on your first visit first impressionsLevel TwoValues, beliefs, the way things should be doneThese are testable in the physical environmentLevel ThreeFundamental beliefs about school, students, etc.Reason for being

    Three Levels of Culture

    *

    *

  • The way we do things around here!(Bower, 1966)normsshared meaningsbeliefsunderstandingsattitudesvaluesAssumptionsMental models mindsetsA

    *

  • Physical StructuresLanguageRituals and CeremoniesStories and Legends Communication Networks

    HistoryBeliefsValuesAssumptions

    Artifacts ofOrganizationalCultureOrganizationalCultureElements of Organizational Culture

    *

  • How Culture EvolvesPracticeBeliefShared Tacit Assumption Taken for granted!Problem / NeedSolutionCulture

    *

  • Shaping cultureThree processes school leaders can use to shapethe school culture:1. Read the culture to identify current norms andvalues2. Assess the culture to determine which elementssupport the schools purpose and mission3. Shape the culture by reinforcing positive aspectsand working to transform negative aspects

    Reference: Peterson, Kent (2002). Positive or Negative? Journal of Staff Development, 23:3

  • Positive School Culture ?What are the characteristics of a positive school culture

    How does it affect teaching and learning?

    *

  • POSITIVE CULTURELEADERSHIP PERMEATESSUCCESS IS CELEBRATED AND RECOGNISEDHONESTY, OPENESS ARE EVIDENTEXTERNAL INVOLVEMENTPARTICIPATION IS ENCOURAGEDOPEN TO CHANGETAKES RISKSSOCIALISATION21st Century Leadership

    *

  • Negative School Culture ?What are the characteristics of a negative school culture

    How does it affect teaching and learning?

    *

  • NEGATIVE CULTURES

    *

  • Weak leadershipLack of direction/rudderlessClosed and secretiveMistrust / suspicionBully tacticsFear/anxiety/isolationTension/stressInconsistencyDestructive internal competitionControlled

    CHARACTERISTICS OF A TOXIC CULTURE

    *

    *

  • Cultural Nutrients - Toxins Exercise

    *

  • Every school has skeletonsThese skeletons become a part of the culture good or badThe way a community deals with these skeletons: speaks volumes about its culture and commitment to self-improvement

    *

    *

  • Leadership"It can be argued that the only thing of real importance that leaders do is create and manage cultures; that the unique talent of leaders is their ability to understand and work with culture; and that it is an ultimate act of leadership to destroy culture when it is viewed as dysfunctional." (Schein, 2004)

    *

  • Culture is transmitted and embedded byPrimary Embedding MechanismsWhat leaders pay attention to, measure and controlHow leaders react to critical incidentsHow leaders allocate resourcesLeaders role modelling and coachingHow leaders allocate rewards and statusRecruitment, selection, promotion and exit

    Secondary Reinforcement MechanismsDesign and StructureSystems and ProcessesRites and RitualsPhysical space, facades and buildingsStories about important eventsCreation of heroes

    *

  • If a head is consistently interested in one thing, it will become a centerpiece of school culture. If a head is inconsistently interested in many things, unclear in communicating with employees, or inconsistent in decision-making or defining priorities, people will spend a lot of time trying to figure out whats going on. The heads inconsistency will become a central feature of the school culture. (Understanding School Culture, Michael Thompson

    *

    *

  • Requirements for Successfully Changing Organizational Culture

    Understand the old culture firstSupport employees and teams who have ideas for a better culture and are willing to act on those ideasFind the most effective subculture in the organization and use it as a modelHelp employees and teams do their jobs more effectivelyUse the vision of a new culture as a guide for changeRecognize that significant cultural change takes timeLive the new culture

    *

  • BeliefPractice

    Changing Culture

    *

  • TO CHANGE YOUR SCHOOLS CULTURE

    Promote your mission, vision, values and goals.

    Bring your staff together to find best practices.

    Sustain the culture through communication.

    Persist.

    Confront problems.

    www.schoolofeducators.com

  • My School Pick 1 practice in your school you would like to change or introduce and 1 that you would like to maintain

    What are the beliefs , assumptions on which this practice is based

    How will you bring about this change?

    *

  • Symbol of CulturePotter who shapes the CulturePoet who uses language to describe the CultureActor who plays out the values and visionHealer who presides over life transitions in the community

    The Leader is:

    *

    *

  • *

    *

    **

    *

    *

    **

    *

    **

    *

    *

    *

    *

    * *

    *

    **

    *

    **

    *

    *

    **

    *

    *

    *

    *