Non woven Fabrics

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Text of Non woven Fabrics

  • 1.Non-Woven

2. Prepared By : Mazadul Hasan sheshir ID: 2010000400008 13th Batch (session 2009-2013) Department : Wet Processing Technology Email: mazadulhasan@yahoo.com Blog : www. Textilelab.blogspot.com (visit) Southeast University Department Of Textile Engineering I/A 251,252 Tejgaon Dhaka Bangladesh Prepared By : 3. Total Textile Process at a Glance 4. Nonwoven is one type of fabric that is not made by weaving or knitting or interlacing of yarn. Nonwoven fabrics are broadly defined as sheet or web structures bonded together by entangling fibre or filaments (and by perforating films) mechanically, thermally, solvent treatment or chemically. They are flat, porous sheets that are made directly from separate fibres or from molten plastic or plastic film. "Non-woven fabrics are fibrous sheet or web structures produced by bonding or interlocking fibers by mechanical, thermal or chemical means." 5. In the 19th century, (when England was the leading textile producing country), realizing that large amounts of fiber were wasted as trim, a textile engineer named Garnett developed a special carding device to shred this waste material back to fibrous form. This fiber was used as filling material for pillows. The Garnett Machine, though greatly modified, today still retains his name and is a major component in the non-woven industry. Later on, manufacturers in Northern England began binding these fibers mechanically (using needles) and chemically (using glue) into butts. These were the precursors of today's non-wovens. 6. 1. PLA(Polymer Lactic Acid Nonwoven Fabric) 2. Blac 3. Flame retardant 4. PTFE-coated (Polytetrafluoroethylene) 5. Anti-static 6. Anti-bacteria 7. Absorbency Bacterial barrier Cushioning Filtering Flame retardancy Liquid repellency Resilience Softness Sterility Strength Stretch Wash ability 8. Automotive interiors Home furnishing nonwovens Heat transfer printing material Filter media Cable wrapping Building material Tennis Court Surfaces Blankets Automotive Carpeting Space Shuttle Exterior Tiles Marine Hulls, Headliners Shoe FeltsGeo-textile Roofing material Industrial reinforced & Backing material Automotive Insulation 9. Non-woven fabrics are bonded as following methods: Mechanically Thermally Chemically Solvent treatment 10. Fibers used to produced Non-Woven fabric: Natural and Renewable Fibers Man-made Fibers Cotton Viscose Lyocell Polylactide Polyester Polypropylene Bicomponent Fibers Recycled Fibers Recycled Fibers 11. 1. Spunbond Process 2. Melt blown process 3. Water jet Process 4. Needle punched According to process Non-Woven are classified as bellow- 12. Machine for Spunbound Non-Woven Specifications Width: 1.6-3.2 meters Throughput: 4-10T/24h (3.2m) Basis weight: 10-150g/m Drawing in web width slot 13. Machine for Melt Blown Non-Woven Specifications : Effective Width : 1.6-3.2m Fabric Weight: 7-220gsm Length-diameter Ratio: 30:1 Machine Speed: 150m-250m/min Melting Point: 1660C 14. Water jet flow Process chart 15. Machine for Water Jet Non-Woven Specifications: Products: 2200mm 1600mm and banisters can meet Specifications: 30-160g/m2 Speed: 0-30 / min, 0- 60m/mim Material: 1.5-3D X 38-51 mm 16. Needle Punched flow Process chart 17. Machine for Needle Punched Non- Woven Specifications Non Woven needle punched machine high speed Width:160-1000cm Dynamic:50-60mm Acupuncture Frequency:700- 1200times/minutes 18. Medical Isolation gowns Surgical gowns Surgical drapes and covers Surgical scrub suits Caps Medical packaging: porosity allows gas sterilization 19. baby diapers or nappies Feminine hygiene Adult incontinence products Wet wipes Bandages and wound dressings Disposable bath and face towels Disposable slippers and footwear 20. Gasoline, oil and air - including HEPA filtration Water, coffee, tea bags Pharmaceutical industry Mineral processing Liquid cartridge and bag filters Vacuum bags Allergen membranes or laminates with non woven Layers 21. Soil stabilizers and roadway underlayment Foundation stabilizers Erosion control Canals construction Drainage systems Geomembrane protection Frost protection Agriculture mulch Pond and canal water barriers Sand infiltration barrier for drainage tile Landfill liners 22. Agricultural coverings Agricultural seed strips Apparel linings Automotive headliners Automotive upholstery Carpeting Civil engineering fabrics Civil engineering Geo textiles Disposable diapers Envelopes Filters House wraps Household & personal wipes Hygiene products Insulation Labels Laundry aids Roofing Sterile medical-use products Tags Upholstery Wall coverings 23. 1. Yarn Manufacturing Technology Link : http://www.facebook.com/pages/Yarn-Manufacturing-Technology/485014954866808 2. Fabric Manufacturing Technology Link : http://www.facebook.com/pages/Fabric-Manufacturing-Technology/459520217425605 3. Garments Manufacturing Technology Link : http://www.facebook.com/pages/Garments-Manufacturing- Technology/472364799463126 3. Wet processing Technology Link : http://www.facebook.com/pages/Wet-Processing-Technology-Dyeing-/468645219825404 4. Fashion-Design-and-Technology Link : http://www.facebook.com/pages/Fashion-Design-and- Technology/587655294583875?ref=ts&fref=ts My Facebook Textile related Pages http://www.textilelab.blogspot.com (Visit )