Struggle & survival

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  • 1. Ashley Rubio HIST 140


  • Damiana de Cunha lived from 1780 to 1831 in Colonial Brazil.
  • As a female Caiapo Indian she was the granddaughter of the divine Chief of the Caiapos.


  • Due to herlineage she became
  • a well respected identity of both the Caiapo
  • and the Aldeia society.

Due to the level of respect in both societies, Damiana forged for progression within her heritageand played a key role in the supporting the church. 4.

  • Antonio was a Christian male born in 1528. After excelling in several subjects, Gouveia focused his passion on ministry.
  • At the age of 20 he became an ordained priest at the Chapel of Saint Anne.


  • After entering into the order of Jesuits in 1555 and leaving a short time after, Gouveia found trouble mixed up in charges of witchcraft anddealings with the Devil.
  • His continuous rebel behavior as he travelled from society to society included maltreatment ofinhibitors to new villages.
  • Though he chose a profession on the path of straight and narrow, Gouveia challenged the shifting of the times in society.


  • Time: 1509-1550
  • Place/Colony: Mexico
  • Social Group: Spanish American
  • Gender: female
  • Occupation: help no stable occupation


  • Originally named Tecuichpotzin, daughter of Moctezuma II.
  • After his death, Isabel was put in the care of Hernan Cortez and went through several arranged marriages including relatives.
  • Cortez continued to arrange for Isabel until she married, Juan Canto De Saavedra, with whom she stayed with for twenty years until her passing in 1550.


  • Hernandez was born in Mexico City during the 16 thcentury.
  • As a Mexican born mulatto he found work as a muleteer.


  • Miguel became very successful in his field.
  • As the trade market increased the demand for Hernandez's freight grew.
  • Between the being a muleteer and fright owner Miguel became wealthy in his own right.
  • Miguel was thought to be an extremely well versed man who excelled more areas than thought possible of the time.


  • Time: mid 17 thcentury
  • Place/Colony: New Spain
  • Social Group: Spanish American/mulatta
  • Gender: female
  • Occupation: civil servant/house maid


  • As the servant and mistress to Diego de la Marinas, a lord mayor whom was the father to her son, she was put on trial for his death.
  • Shockingly it was found that Padilla would be named owner of Marians estate.
  • For the time, Beatriz de Padilla was uncommonly in control as a reflection ofNew Spain and the role colored women played.


  • Time: arrived in Veracruz, Mexico in1589
  • Place/Colony: Mexico City
  • Social Group: Spanish American
  • Gender: male
  • Occupation: painter


  • Though already exposed to the arts, mastering in painting, Enrico traveled in efforts to expand his knowledge of the sciences such as astronomy andastrology.
  • In 1607, Enrico switchedfocuses when the need for help came from flooding by Lake Texcoco near Mexico City.