Status of Hydropower in Nepal- Presented in CIA Training Session at Luang Prabang, Lao PDR

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  1. 1. Presentation Team: 1.Abhushan Neupane/AG Power 2.Bharat Mani Pandey/ UT-3A(NEA) 3.Surendra Dev Bhattq/Pahadi Hydro 4.Umesh Pathak/ Sanjen HEP COUNTRY PRESENTATION STATUS OF HYDROPOWER IN NEPAL
  2. 2. Glance of Hydropower in Nepal First Hydropower in Nepal: 1911 AD (500 Kw Pharping HEP) Theoretical Potential: 83,000 MW Technically Feasible: 44,000 MW Economically Feasible: 43,000 MW Electricity Access percentage: ~60% Current Generation: ~ 800 MW (Mostly RoR type) Largest Operation Hydropower: 144 MW (Kaligandaki A) Construction Ongoing: More than 2500 MW Largest Construction Ongoing: 456 MW (Upper Tamakoshi) Transmission Loss percentage: ~25% 2 UTK-456MW Sanjen(Upper) -14.8 MW
  3. 3. Power Map of Nepal 3
  4. 4. Contents Acts/Policy/Guidelines Energy Status Opportunities Challenges 4
  5. 5. Acts/Policy/Guidelines 5
  6. 6. Main Legislation Governing Hydropower Water Resources Act 1992 & Regulation 1993 Use of water for hydropower shall have priority over the use of water for cottage industries, navigation and recreation but not over the use of water for drinking and domestic use, irrigation or agriculture Electricity Act 1992 & Regulation 1993 Deal with management of electricity in Nepal, including the survey, generation and distribution of electricity Regulates the electricity sector by a system of licensing 6
  7. 7. Main Legislation Governing Hydropower Contd.. Hydropower Development Policy 2001 Objectives of HP-2001 Generate electricity at low cost; Provide reliable and quality electricity at a reasonable price; Combine electrification with the economic activities; Extend rural electrification; and Develop hydropower as an export commodity Key Policy Provisions (HP-2001) BOOT model In case of multipurpose projects, GoN may participate Environment- 10% d/s release (min) Facilitate property acquisition 7
  8. 8. Main Legislation Governing Hydropower Contd.. Hydropower Development Policy 2001 Terms of License Survey License for 5 years Generation License Internal consumption 35 years Export Oriented 30 years In case of reservoir 5 years extension on the basis of construction period Captive Plant as it remains in operation Other Important aspects of policy Transfer of Projects Every hydropower project has to be transferred to the government, free of costs, after the completion of license period 8
  9. 9. Authorities for Hydropower Development Major Implementing Authorities: Ministry Of Energy (MoE) Department of Electricity Development (DOED) Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA) Other Regulating Authorities: Department of Environment (DoE) Ministry of Forest 9
  10. 10. Other Relevant Legislation Environment Protection Act, 1996 (2053 B.S.) Forest Act, 1993 (2049 B.S.) National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act, 1973 (2029 B.S.) Foreign Investment and Technology Transfer Act, 1992 (2049 B.S.) Local Self-Governance Act, 1999 (2055 B.S.) Industrial Enterprises Act, 1992 (2049 B.S.) Land Acquisition Act, 1977 (2034 B.S.) 10
  11. 11. Guideline and Action Plan Action plan and concept paper for Energy Emergency Eradication decade , 2016 has paved the ways for FDI entrance in Nepal Government Guarantees for development Foreign Currency denominated PPAs (up to Loan Repayment or 10 years) PPAs based on Take or Pay basis (Dry Energy >>30% ) No Hydrology risk up to 10 MW Provision for Hedge funds Government has recently launched program Nepal ko pani: Janta ko Lagani (Water of Nepal: Investment from People) Planning for Institutional reform Unbundling of Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA) Separate Generation Company New Power Trade Company 11
  12. 12. Environmental Requirements for HPP development National Requirements (Environment Protection Act/ Rules, 1997): IEE for Generation (1-50 MW, 5 Ha forest area) IEE for Transmission line >=132 KV Outdoor substations tapping from 220Kv Substations and Transmission line >>EIA Construction of HPP displacing >100 persons need EIA Protected areas, Inter basin transfer etc need EIA Construction of Multipurpose Reservoirs need EIA Donors requirements (FDIs and Development Loans/ Grants): IFC performance Standards ADB safeguards Other donors/lender E&S requirements 12
  13. 13. Energy Status 13
  14. 14. Status Power Situation (Daily Load Variation During Winter Season) Daily Peak demand: 1385 MW Supply at the time of peak demand: 750 MW 14 Storage Source: NEA,2016
  15. 15. Status Contd 15 Total Annual Energy Available & Peak Demand in the System Source: NEA,2016
  16. 16. Pattern of Seasonal Variation in Demand (Load) and Generation STATUS CONTD. Source: NEA,2015
  17. 17. Status Contd 17 NEA Load Forecast Source: NEA,2015
  18. 18. 18
  19. 19. Hydropower Projects with FDI Khimti 60 MW (Operation) Owner: Butwal Power Company Limited, Norwegian companies - Statkraft SF, Kvrner Energy a.s. (now G.E. Hydro Norway) and ABB Energi a.s. (now ABB ALSTOM a.s.) Construction period 1996-2000 License for generation for 50 years (Electricity Act 1992) Upper Bhote Koshi Hydroelectric Project (45MW) (operation) Owners: Originally majority share of Panda Energy Construction period: 1997-2001 40-year license to build, own, operate and transfer Upper Trishuli I (216 MW) ( Planned) Kabeli A (37 MW) (Under Construction) 19
  20. 20. Status Contd Major Hydropower Under Operation Other Small Hydro 14,244 20 Other sources of Electricity under NEA* *NEA: Nepal Electricity Authority **Data based on Fiscal year 2014/15
  21. 21. Status Contd Major Planned and Under Construction Hydropower Own By NEA 21
  22. 22. Opportunities 22
  23. 23. Opportunity Snow capped Himalayas are Water Towers for Asia 6,000 rivers including rivulets and tributaries totaling about 45,000 km in length The potential is estimated at 83,000 MW, of which half i.e. 43,000 MW is considered to be technically and economically viable. Export possibility of Energy to India & Bangladesh Lots of projects under FDI in Project Finance Modality are coming to Nepal
  24. 24. Challenges 24
  25. 25. Challenges During Planning & Design Posted rates (Feed in tariff) are unreasonable for development Foreign currency fluctuations Lack of Technical manpower & resources Lack of One Window policy Numbers of Protection Areas During Construction Transmission Lines Land Compensation issue Social and political instability During Operation Sediment Related Problems GLOF/Climate change/LDLOF Handing over after 35 yrs is unclear 25
  26. 26. Case Project Sanjen HEP-42.5MW Sanjen(Upper) HEP-14.8 MW 26
  27. 27. 27
  28. 28. Sanjen (Upper) HEP Sanjen HEP Capacity 14.8 MW 42.5 MW Project Type Peaking ROR Peaking ROR PPA October 10, 2011 December 5, 2011 Transmission Line 5 km, 132kV 2 km, 132 kV Design Discharge 11.07 m 3 /s 11.57 m 3 /s Gross Head 161.3m 442 m Contract Energy Dry Season 10.583 GWh 34.278 GWh Wet Season 71.856 GWh 207.587 GWh Annual Energy 82.439 GWh 241.865 GWh Total Energy from Both Projects: 324.30 GWh per Annum
  29. 29. Sanjen (Upper) HEP Sanjen HEP Diversion Weir Length-14 m Chupchung Khola feeder Desander 60m x 8m x9m HRT 1376m x3.5m x3.75m 3630m x 3.5m x 3.75 m Surge Shaft Dia 6m, H 40m Dia 6m, H 40 m Penstock Pipe 478 m (l), 1.1~2.5 m dia. 1020 m (l), 1.06 ~ 2.5 m (dia) Powerhouse Surface PH, 45 m x 14m x 20m Surface PH, 58 m x 15m x 25m Tailrace Canal 28m x3m x7.5 m 27m x3m x7.5 m Turbine 3 units Francis 3 units Pelton
  30. 30. 31 Construction Progress: >50% Expected Completion Target: 2018
  31. 31. 32
  32. 32. 33
  33. 33. Thank You !!!

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