Developing an Environmentally Responsible Tourism Strategy for Tanintharyi Region

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  • Innovative conservation since 1903

    Frank Momberg

    Developing an Environmental

    Responsible Tourism Strategy

    for Tanintharyi Region

  • Innovative conservation since 1903

    What is responsible tourism?

    Responsible Tourism - Tourism that recognizes the impacts

    of tourism on a destination and seeks to maximise the

    positive impacts and minimizes the negative impacts

    Ecotourism Responsible

    travel to natural areas that

    conserves the environment

    and improves the well being

    of local people.

  • Innovative conservation since 1903

    To develop a responsible tourism strategy we will share:

    Key principles and actions for responsible tourism

    development

    Identification of key biodiversity areas/ nature-based

    tourism attraction

    Baseline assessment of current tourism development in

    Tanintharyi

    Best practices of world-class tourism management in

    Galapagos World Heritage Site

    Lessons learned from community-based tourism in

    Myanmar

  • Innovative conservation since 1903

    Coral Reef Surveys

  • Innovative conservation since 1903

    Social Surveys

  • Innovative conservation since 1903

  • Innovative conservation since 1903

    Negative Impacts of

    Tourism Development

    Traffic congestions and pollution to access destinations and

    attractions (e.g. Inle Lake)

    Land erosions/ land reclamation/ sedimentation causing natural

    habitat loss (Sedimentation from coastal land clearing for hotel

    development destroys coral reefs)

    Building of boat jetties/ marinas in coral reef areas can destroy the

    reef

    Habitat degradation due to use of building materials from

    unsustainable sources (e.g. timber, sand, gravel)

    Depletion of freshwater sources

    Pollution of air, water, noise (e.g. sewage/ solid waste leads to algae

    growth killing off coral reefs)

    Trampling by snorkelers and divers, anchors from boats destroy

    fragile coral reefs

  • Innovative conservation since 1903

    Maximize benefits to the

    environment and minimize

    negative impacts

    Responsible Tourism Strategy: The destination has

    established and is implementing a multi-year responsible

    tourism strategy that has been consulted with all

    stakeholders, is publically available, and that considers

    environmental, sociocultural, health and safety issues,

    including cumulative impacts

    Ecosystem Protection: The destination has a system in place

    to measure the impact of tourism and mange impacts on sea/

    landscapes and eco-systems

    Energy conservation: The destination has a program in place

    to promote energy conservation, reduce reliance on fossil

    fuels and encourage tourism operators to conserve energy

    and use renewable energy

  • Innovative conservation since 1903

    Maximize benefits to the

    environment and minimize

    negative impacts (2)

    Water consumption/ conservation: The destination

    encourages tourism enterprises to monitor and conserve

    water. The water supply for tourism is ecologically sustainable

    and does not adversely effect community users, taking into

    account the overall cumulative impacts of all local surface and

    groundwater use. The destination has a system in place to

    monitor surface and seawater water quality.

    Waste management: The destination has a system in place to

    ensure that waste from tourism sites and enterprises are

    properly treated and reused or safely deposited without

    adverse effects to the local population and the environment.

    Ensure that waste from tourism is minimized, re-used or

    recycled. Tourism operations are encouraged to support

    beach and stream clean ups.

  • Innovative conservation since 1903

    Moscos Islands Wildlife Sanctuary

    Up to 90% coral cover

    Important turtle nesting site

    Low fishing impacts

    Excellent diving potential

    Current and potential threats

    Day trip snorkel tourist cause coral

    destruction by trampling and boat

    anchorage and leave waste

    Spearfishing tourism undermines

    the potential as dive destination

    Hotel development on the islands

    would cause habitat loss

  • Innovative conservation since 1903

    Recommendations for

    Moscos Islands WS

    No hotel development on the Moscos islands, encourage

    hotel development on the Dawei peninsula instead

    No development on turtle nesting beach

    Identify beach tourism sites for picnic/ swimming day trips

    provide shelters for shade

    establish waste collection system by tourism operators

    regulate visitor numbers and entrance fees in support of park

    protection

    Identify safe boat access to the beach without impacting corals

  • Innovative conservation since 1903

    Recommendations for

    Moscos Islands WS (2)

    Identify snorkelling/ diving day trip sites

    provide mooring buoys for save anchoring of boats (sandy/ rocky area without

    impact on corals) if beach access without impacting corals is not possible

    provide mandatory snorkelling guides (guides trained in health and safety, safe

    snorkelling without impacting corals, basic coral reef interpretations skills)

    regulate visitor numbers of trips/ visitors per day and site

    collect entrance fees in support of park protection

    If save beach access without impact to coral reef is possible:

    Provide shelter and establish waste collection system by tourism operators

    Develop dive itineraries for dive operators/ hotels based on the Dawei

    peninsula

    Promote development of dive operations and training of local dive

    guides

  • Innovative conservation since 1903

    Small beaches

    Very good but very fragile shallow

    coral reefs, suitable for snorkelling

    or diving

    Potential base for dive operation

    (Black Rock)

    Moken village with potential for

    community-based tourism

    Threats from destructive fishing

    practises

    Langan island group

  • Innovative conservation since 1903

    Recommendations for

    Langan island group

    No hotel development on the islands (except dive resort)

    No development in locally managed marine area/ LMMA (except

    mooring buoys, diving/ snorkelling, and community-managed lodge)

    Development of community-based (LMMA) diving/ snorkelling tourism

    Promote Moken cultural visit by cruise boats

    Promote live-on-board dive operations

    Establish mooring buoys to avoid anchorage damage

    Manage snorkelling to avoid damage to shallow corals

    Train local guides on Moken culture and responsible snorkelling

    Regulate visitor numbers

    Dive/ cruise operators pay entrance fee/ donation to LMMA for

    community-based coral reef protection

    Assess feasibility for community-managed lodge

  • Innovative conservation since 1903

    Thayawthadangyi/ Daung

    islands

    Beautiful beaches on the west

    site

    Potential for short forest treks

    Very good coral reefs, but low

    visibility, not suitable for

    snorkelling or diving

    Threats from destructive fishing

    practises

    Potential base for dive

    operations to Torres islands

    Torres islands

    Most islands have good coral

    reefs

    Good dive sites

    Very far from the main land

    Destructive fishing practices

  • Innovative conservation since 1903

    Recommendations

    Thayawthadangyi/ Daung islands

    Identify beach tourism sites for picnic/ swimming day trips

    identify short forest treks

    provide shelters for shade

    establish waste collection system by tourism operators

    regulate visitor numbers and collect license/ entrance fees in

    support of park protection (LMMA/ no take zones)

    Identify safe boat access to the beach without impacting coral

    reefs

    Potential hotel development on beautiful beaches (without coral

    reefs)

    establish waste collection system by hotel operators

    collect entrance/ license fees in support of park protection (no take

    zones)

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