Chapter 17

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Text of Chapter 17

  • 1. Chapter 17.3 pgs. 403-407 What events led to the outbreak ofwar?

2. Section 1

  • Democrats hold convention in April 1860, Charleston, SC. only few weeks before Republicans nominated Lincoln
  • Northern and Southern Democrats differ on slavery issue
  • Southerners wanted the party to defend slavery
  • Northerners wanted the party to support popular sovereignty

3. Sect. 1

  • Northerners win the platform(partys statement of beliefs)vote
  • This caused 50 Southern delegates to walk out of the convention
  • Remaining delegates tried to nominate Stephen A. Douglas the Southerners left there would not support Douglas because of his support for popular sovereignty

4. Sect. 1

  • Douglas could not win enough support to gain the nomination
  • Democrats reconvene at Baltimore in June
  • Northerners and Southerners still disagree
  • Meeting barely gets started and most Southerners walk out

5. Sect. 1

  • Democrats nominate two candidates for election
  • Northerners Stephen A. Douglas
  • Southerners John Breckinridge of Kentucky (current Vice-Pres also supporter of slavery)

6. Sect. 1

  • Is also Constitutional Union Party made up former Whigs and Know Nothing members who couldnt support either party whose main goal was to preserve the Union
  • CUP nominates John Bell of Tennessee
  • Four candidates for the election of 1860
  • Lincoln, Douglas, Breckinridge, Bell

7. Sect. 1

  • Goals of parties
  • Republicans slavery stay out of territories, gain support in North and West, favored tariffs, free land for Western settlers, and construction of RR to the Pacific
  • CUP conserve Union
  • N. Dem.-- Popular sovereignty
  • S. Dem. -- Slavery

8. Sect. 1 Questions

  • What issue split the Democratic Party?
  • What was unusual about the number of candidates for president in 1860?
  • What was the aim of the Constitutional Union Party?

9. Section 2

  • The Election of 1860
  • Turned into two different races for the presidency
  • One in the North and one in the South
  • Lincoln and Douglas had most of Northern support and Breckinridge and Bell competed in the South

10. Sect. 2

  • Lincoln and Breckinridge had the most extreme views on slavery
  • Lincoln opposed expansion of slavery into the territories
  • Breckinridge insisted the federal govt be required to protect slavery in any territory
  • Douglas and Bell were moderates because they didnt want the federal govt to pass new laws on slavery

11. Sect. 2

  • Outcome of election proved nation was tired of compromise
  • Lincoln defeated Douglas in the North
  • Breckinridge carried most of South
  • Douglas and Bell managed to win only in the states between North and Deep South
  • Lincoln wins the election due to the North having more people in it than the South

12. Sect. 2

  • Also, support for his rivals was spread out
  • Lincolns victory alarms many in South
  • Despite Lincolns statements that he would do nothing to abolish slavery in the South, many Southerners mistrusted him they feared he along with the Republicans would move to ban slavery
  • So much so he didnt even win a single southern state
  • Many didnt even put his name on the ballot

13. Sect. 2

  • Lincoln Profile
  • Born February 12, 1809 in Kentucky
  • Grew up on Indiana frontier
  • Was a lawyer, he split rails, worked flatboats, and tended store
  • Educated himself by reading by firelight at night
  • Nicknamed Honest Abe due to his fairness and clear thinking in politics

14. Sect. 2

  • Lincoln had a keen sense of humor
  • Hated slavery, but not an abolitionist
  • Didnt want to interfere with South and slavery there but did believe Western territories should remain free
  • Key events: Civil War, Emancipation Proclamation, Gettysburg Address, Kansas, West Virginia, and Nevada become states
  • Assassinated in office April 14, 1865

15. Sect. 2

  • Map work
  • Which states were won by Lincoln
  • By Douglas
  • By Breckinridge
  • By Bell
  • Which state voted for Lincoln and Douglas and who won the state and by what count

16. Sect. 2 Questions

  • How didBreckinridges stance on the expansion of slavery in the territories differ from Lincolns?
  • Why were Douglas and Bell thought to be moderates?
  • What did Southerners fear Lincoln would do after the election?

17. Section 3

  • Before the 1860 election many Southerners warned if Lincoln won, they would secede
  • They based their arguments on the idea of states rights
  • They felt states had voluntarily joined the Union, therefore they also had the right to leave the Union

18. Sect. 3

  • Not all Southerners believed they should secede
  • Senator John J. Crittenden of Kentucky proposed a compromise plan in early December known as the Crittenden Plan
  • He proposed extending the Missouri Compromise Line to the Pacific, area above free, below slave
  • He even proposed an unamendable amendment to the Constitution that would guarantee forever the right to hold slaves in states south of the line

19. Sect. 3

  • Bill received little support
  • Southerners believe the North would put an abolitionist in the White House
  • Slavery in the West was no longer an issue
  • Most Republicans were unwilling to surrender what they had won in the election
  • Southerners felt secession was only way to go

20. Sect. 3

  • South begins to secede
  • December 20, 1860 South Carolina becomes 1 ststate to secede
  • Over next 6 week period, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas also seceded
  • February 1861 these states met in Montgomery, AL to decide what to do

21. Sect. 3

  • They formed the Confederate States of America
  • Named Jefferson Davis president of the Confederacy
  • Also formed new government
  • Drafted a Confederate Constitution; modeled after the original Constitution but with some differences

22. Sect. 3

  • Confederate Constitution
  • 1 st said within the Confederacy, each state was sovereign and independent
  • 2 nd Confederate Congress could not interfere with slavery
  • 3 rd banned tariffs on imports
  • 4 th limited the President to a single 6 year term

23. Sect. 3

  • Having formed the Confederacy and their own government, the Confederate States were prepared to defend their separation
  • Many felt war was unavoidable
  • However, they wanted to wait to see what the Union government would do in response

24. Sect. 3

  • Map work
  • Name free states
  • Name slave states loyal to Union
  • Name Confederate States (all of them those that seceded before and after 1861)
  • Are there more Union or Confederate?
  • How might this affect the outcome of the civil war that is to come?

25. Sect. 3 Questions

  • What argument did some Southerners use to justify secession?
  • What were the results of the convention held by the six seceded states?
  • What were the six states?
  • How was the Confederate Constitution different from the U.S. Constitution?

26. Section 4

  • Unions response to secession
  • Northerners considered secession of Southern states unconstitutional
  • President Buchanan, who was near the end of his term, argued against secession
  • He believed states did not have that right
  • He believed Federal Government not states was sovereign

27. Sect. 4

  • He believed if secession were permitted, the Union would become weak, like a rope of sand
  • He believed Constitution was framed to prevent such a thing
  • However, he wasnt sure how to prevent the secession.He knew if he used force war would erupt, so ultimately he did nothing to prevent it from happening

28. Sect. 4

  • With secession other issues arose like majority rules
  • Southerners felt Northerners would use their majority to force the South to abolish slavery
  • Northerners simply responded that the South did not want to abide by the rules of democracy.They claimed the South was not willing to live with the election results

29. Sect. 4

  • Everyon