IPSA Conference Madrid

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  • 1. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy More Elites or MoreParticipation? IPSA Panel Investigation into the Relation between Political Trustand Political EngagementKavita HeijstekZiemann (kziemann@fsw.leidenuniv.nl),Institute of Political Science, Leiden University. Universiteit Leiden The NetherlandsLeiden University. The university to discover.

2. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy More Elites or MoreParticipation?IntroductionTable of Contents 1 | 11What?Why?HypothesesHow?ResultsConclusionLeiden University. The university to discover. 3. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy More Elites or MoreParticipation?What?Model2 | 11empirical legitimacy Satisfaction with DemocracyDemocratic Reforms Trust in Parliament & GovernmentLeiden University. The university to discover. 4. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy More Elites or MoreParticipation?Why?Linkage 3 | 11Linkage mechanisms betweencitizens and the state have changed Turnout Membership IdenticationLeiden University. The university to discover. 5. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy More Elites or MoreParticipation?Why?Participation 4 | 11 New forms of participation are gaining ground Linkage is eective if possibilities of communication & mechanisms of inuence are availableLeiden University. The university to discover. 6. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy More Elites or MoreParticipation?Why?Experts 5 | 11 New forms of non-majoritarian delegation gaining ground Linkage is eective if governing is seen as a management problem and common interest is served.Leiden University. The university to discover. 7. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy More Elites or MoreParticipation?HypothesesHypotheses6 | 11Hypothesis 1: Direct participation and/or expert delegationincreases satisfaction with democracyHypothesis 2: Direct participation and/or expert delegationwill decrease trust in representative institutionsHypothesis 3: Strengthening the functioning of corerepresentative institutions will increase trust inrepresentative institutionsLeiden University. The university to discover. 8. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy More Elites or MoreParticipation?How?Data and Method 7 | 11 Dataset of reforms 1990 2008 Time-series cross-sectional analysisLeiden University. The university to discover. 9. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy More Elites or MoreParticipation?How?Variables 8 | 11ParticipatoryNon-Majoritarian Representation Electoral Reform Regulatory Parliamentary Decentralization Institutions Reform Directly Elected Extension of Party SubsidyExecutivePowers to EU Freedom of New CourtsInformation New PublicManagementReforms New ReferendumLawsLeiden University. The university to discover. 10. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy More Elites or MoreParticipation?ResultsResults 9 | 11 Negative Result Positive Result Electoral Reform Decentralization New Public Managment New Courts Referendum Direct ElectionExecutive Regulatory Institutions EU Party SubsidyLeiden University. The university to discover. 11. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy More Elites or MoreParticipation?ConclusionMore Expert or More Participation?10 | 11 More Decentralization - Size Matters More Courts - Advocacy Democracy Often failing attempts to strengthen the relationship between citizens and the stateLeiden University. The university to discover. 12. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy More Elites or MoreParticipation?ConclusionQuestions?11 | 11?Leiden University. The university to discover.