Introduction to Altmetrics and Almetric - Mahantesh Biradar

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Introduction to altmetrics and Altmetric

@mahantesh19_ BiradarAltmetrics Outreach

Welcome to the Altmetric training session! Today Im going to run you through an introduction to altmetrics, and provide an overview of the tools provided by Altmetric. It doesnt matter if youve used the tools before or youre completely new to altmetrics, this session is designed as an introduction to Altmetric, the tools available, and ideas for how you can use altmetrics to track attention to your own research. 1

In this session, well cover

Introduction to altmetrics

Altmetric tools

Altmetrics use cases

Examples of using altmetrics data






Heres a overview of the points well cover in the session today, beginning with an introduction to altmetrics. Well also discuss the tools provided by Altmetric, including the Altmetric bookmarklet, and the Altmetric badges embedded on publisher platforms and institutional repositories. Well round up with tips and ticks for using Altmetric data, and suggestions for getting more help and information about altmetrics. 2

By the end of this sessionYoull have:

A clear understanding of altmetrics and how to use them

How to identify research with attention using Altmetrics tools

Practical ideas and examples of using altmetrics data

Know where to get further help

Here are the learning goals for todays session. 3

Part 1:Introduction to Altmetrics

Journal Impact FactorCitation countsH-indexNumber of publicationsAttention to research outputs in non-traditional sources, e.g. policy documents, news, blogs and social mediaIndicators of research impactHelp understand how research is being received and usedComplementary to traditional citation-based analysis

What are altmetrics?Mentions in news reportsReferences in policyMentions in social media Wikipedia citationsReference manager readers etc.ACADEMIC ATTENTIONBROADER ATTENTION

Alternative metricsaltmetrics+Traditional metricsTraditional bibliometrics

Briefly defined, alternative metrics, oraltmetricsare indicators of impact and engagement with research that extend beyond traditional methods of influence measurement, such as citations. Altmetrics measure and surface attention to research in non-traditional sources such as news, blogs, policy documents and social media. Altmetrics are complementary to traditional forms of research evaluation, and help provide a more coherent, well-rounded understanding of the way in which research is being received and used in broader society. Altmetrics arent an alternative to traditional bibliometrics or peer review, but help tell another part of the story. 5

Provide a more coherent understanding of research attentionUnderstand the broader reach and early impact of researchTrack attention to a broad range of research outputs, including articles, posters, data sets and working papers, etc. Help researchers get credit for impact activities

Why altmetrics?

Today, there is a much greater focus on the impact of research on society, and researchers and universities want to see where their work is gaining traction, the conversations surrounding papers and how research funding has had potential impact. Altmetrics help provide a granular level of insight by surfacing those conversations about any type of research output with a persistent identifier in broader society. As soon as a research output has a persistent identifier, such as a DOI or Handle, Altmetric can follow it across the sources tracked, such as social media, news and policy. This helps provide early insight into research attention, rather than waiting for citations to accrue. Altmetrics also help researchers get credit and recognition for a broad range of outputs.


Advantages of metrics for single research outputsReal-time, immediate feedback on attention to scholarly content

Useful for early career researchers whose work may not have accrued citations

Showcase attention to a research output beyond academia

Not biased by an over-arching metric




Altmetric helps you track attention to a paper as soon as it has a DOI, and its also useful for early career researchers who may not yet have accrued citations.

Each day, we track ~44,000 new mentions of research across sources incl. social media, news, and policy docs.Thats 1 mention every 2 seconds!Each week, ~50k unique items are shared.

Mentions range in complexity, from quick shares to comprehensive reviews.Altmetric data, March 2015

18m mentions of ~3.7m scholarly outputsAltmetric in numbers: mentions and shares

This slide provides an overview of the data tracked by Altmetric. Each day we track 44,000 new mentions of research outputs across a range of sources including news, policy documents, social media, Wikipedia, reference managers, etc. Thats one mention every two seconds, and 50,000 unique items shared every week. A mention can range in complexity, from a tweet linking to a research paper or a comprehensive review of a research output in a blog post. 8

What sources does Altmetric track?

News outlets

Over 1,300 sitesManually curated listText miningGlobal coverageSocial media and blogs

Twitter, Facebook, Google+, Sina WeiboPublic posts onlyManually curated listReference managers

Mendeley, CiteULikeReader countsDont count towards the Altmetric scoreOther sources

Wikipedia YouTubeRedditF1000PinterestQ&APost-publication peer review


Policy documents

NICE EvidenceIntergovernmental Panel on Climate ChangeMany more

This is a summary of the sources tracked by Altmetric. We track a range of sources including news, social media, blogs, post-publication peer review sites, Wikipedia and policy documents. For more information, see our page:

How does Altmetric aggregate online attention?Search for links to papers.Follow a list of sources.Collate attention.Display data in Altmetric details pages.E.g. blogs, news, policy documents, social media.Automatically link searching and text mining. Disambiguation of mentioned items across different versions.Collecting attention dataReporting attention data

Altmetric Details Page.All research outputs with mentions have an Altmetric Details Page in our database.

Firstly, Altmetric aggregates online attention around research papers by following a list of attention sources, e.g. news or blogs. When a link to a research output is shared across a source of attention we track, e.g. in a news story or shared on Twitter, we follow the link to the item and search the publication page for metadata, e.g. DOI. Next, we add details of the mention to the Altmetric Details Page for that item. Think of the Altmetric Details Page as a Library Catalog record: if we have tracked attention to a research output, we create a record in the database listing all mentions for that output. We also collate attention for different versions of an item so if a repository version and a publisher version of a paper is shared, we will recognise the item and link all of its mentions. 10

Part 2: Altmetric Tools

The Altmetric BookmarkletThe free Bookmarklet lets you instantly retrieve altmetrics data for any article.

To install, go to:

The Altmetric Bookmarklet allows you to check the altmetrics of a research paper just by clicking on the button in your toolbar when youre reading a paper online. 12






3Altmetric Details PagesEstimate attention with the Altmetric score.Monitor mentions in the mainstream news.See all the conversations and mentions.

This is an Altmetric details page, which shows the online attention and activity that weve found for this piece of scholarly content. The details page can be access by click on the donut badge in the Bookmarklet, or by clicking on the donut on a publisher article page or institutional repository.

On this details page, you can see all the conversations surrounding the content in one place. Altmetric collects relevant mentions from social media sites, newspapers, policy documents, blogs, Wikipedia, and many other sources. (Click the help icon located on every tab to find out more about each source of attention.) To help you put the data in context, we've given the article an Altmetric score, which is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. The scoring algorithm takes various factors into account, such as the relative reach of the different sources of attention.


What is the Altmetric donut?The Altmetric donut visualizes which are sources discussing an item.

In the Altmetric Explorer, hover the cursor over the donut visualization to see the appropriate legend for an item.

Each source is colour coded:

The Altmetric donut is a visual representation of the attention an output has received. The colours themselves reflect where the posts mentioning the output came from. For example, red means that the article has been mentioned by mainstream news outlets, blue means it has been tweeted about. You can hover the mouse cursor over a visualization to see the appropriate legend and a summary of the mentions for an output.


VolumeSourcesAuthorsThe score for an article rises as more people mention it.

Each source category contributes a different base amount to the final score.H