Spread Of Protestant Reformation
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- 1. Spread of the Reformation
2. 1. Radical Reformers
- Hundreds of new Protestant sects sprang up, way more radical than Luther.
- One such sect was theAnabaptists .
- A number of radical Protestant groups rejected infant baptism.
- Infants, they argued, were too young to understand what it meant to accept the Christian faith.
- These people became known as theAnabapists .
- Anabaptists soon became too different; they wanted to abolish private property.
- Even Luther urged Lutherans to join Catholics in suppressing the Anabaptists.
- Dirk Willems was a martyred Anabaptist who is most famous for, after his escape from prison, turning around to rescue his pursuer, who had fallen through thin ice while chasing him.
- After his harrowing escape and recapture, he was burned at the stake near his hometown on 16 May 1569.
- Today, he is one of the most celebrated martyrs among Anabaptists.
6. 2. The English Reformation
- Henry VIII , at first, was against the Protestants.
- In 1527, Henry wanted to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon, because she could not produce a male heir; the Pope saidno!
7. Catherine of Aragon Princess Mary 8.
- In 1534, the Act of Supremacy made Henry VIII the leader of theChurch of England(Anglican Church); whoever did not accept this was executed.
- Henry then married Anne Boleyn, who gave birth to the future Elizabeth I.
- Many loyal Catholics refused to accept the Act of Supremacy and were executed for treason.
- Among them was Sir Thomas More, the great English humanist.
- More was latercanonized , or recognized as a saint, by the Catholic Church.
11. 12. Jane Seymour Edward VI 13. Anne of Cleves Katherine Howard 14. Catherine Parr 15. 16. 3. Edward VI
- When Henry died in 1547, Edward VI, a devout Protestant, inherited the throne.
- Under his short rule, theBook of Common Prayerwas created.
- It was a mix of Catholic and Protestant beliefs.
17. 4. Queen Mary I Bloody Mary
- Upon Edwards death, Mary became Queen.
- She tried to restore England to the Catholic faith, and burned hundreds of Protestants at the stake.
18. 19. 20. 5. The Elizabethan Settlement
- As Queen, Elizabeth compromised between Protestant and Catholic beliefs.
- The Anglican Church followed Catholic practices, but she was its head.
- The Book of Common Prayer was reintroduced.