English verb tenses

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Here you can find a description of every verb tense for you to browse and study

Text of English verb tenses

  • 1. Present Simple : affirmative I walk, he walks, always, often, usually, sometimes, never Frequency adverbs We use the present simple to describe general facts, repeated actions and habits, facts that are always true. General factsI like milk . They speak TurkishMara plays basketball. We live in Australia. Repeated actions and habitsHarry often arrives late. I usually get up at 7:30. Things that are always trueThe sun rises in the east.The earth goes round the sun. STATEMENTSI walk to school every day. My brother usually walks with me.I walkWe walkYou walkThey walk BUT He walksShe walksIt walksSPELLINGgogoes missmisses watch watches washwashes relax relaxes ALWAYS, USUALLY Always 100% Tim always wears jeans OFTEN, SOMETIMES, Usually80% I usually go to bed at 9.30 NEVER Often60% Sue often goes to the cinema Sometimes40% Sam sometimes walks to school Never0 % It never rains here in AugustThe frequency adverb goes between subject and verb Monday always comes after Sunday

2. Present Simple: negatives and questionsNEGATIVES I dont like ice-cream. She doesnt eat chocolateI do not walkHe does not walk We do not walk I dont walk He doesnt walkWe dont walkYou do not walkShe does not walkThey do not walk You dont walk She doesnt walk They dont walk It does not walkIt doesnt walk Examples: I dont drink coffee. They dont speak Italian Tom doesnt play tennis We dont live in France QUESTIONS Do you walk to school or do you take the bus? I usually walkDo I walk? Does he walk?Do we walk?Do you walk? Does she walk? Do they walk? Does it walk?Examples:Do you like ice-cream? Do they speak Italian?Does Anna play basketball? Do you live in Australia?Does Harry often arrive late? Do you usually get up at 7.30?CAREFUL! I walk, you walk, we walk BUThe walks, she walks, it walks He walks. Does he walk? 3. Present Continuous: affirmative We use the Present Continuous to talk about actions happening at the momentSTATEMENTS I am sitting in my car.Shes watching television I am waiting He is waitingWe are waitingIm waitingHes waiting Were waiting You are waitingShe is waiting They are waitingYoure waiting Shes waitingTheyre waitingIt is waiting Its waitingExamples:Im studying EnglishMy brothers talking on the phone nowWe are swimming in the sea nowSue is reading a book at the momentSpelling:Verbs ending in one consonant, add ingWaitwaiting Verbs ending in e, drop e and add ing Makemakingdecidedecidingwrite writing Verbs ending in one vowel and one consonant double the consonant Sitsittingswimswimmingcut cutting Verbs ending ie change ie to y Lie lyingtie tyingdie dying Verbs ending in a vowel and y add ing 4. Play playingstaystaying say saying Present Continuous: negative and questions NEGATIVES Im not walking to school todayI am not waitingHe is not waiting We are not waiting Im not waiting He isnt waitingWe arent waitingYou are not waiting She is not waitingThey are not waiting You arent waiting She isnt waitingThey arent waitingIt is not waiting It isnt waitingExamples:Im not drinking milk, Im drinking colaThey arent playing football, theyre playing rugbyQUESTIONS Are you walking to school today? Am I waiting?Is he waiting? Are we waiting? Are you waiting? Is she waiting?Are they waiting?Is it waiting? Examples:What are you doing? Are you reading?Im fixing my bikeNo, Im not reading 5. Past Simple: regular affirmative We use the past simple to describe finished events in the past.YesterdayToday7pm 8pm9pm10pm11pm Started finishedYesterday I watched a great film on TV. It started at 8pm and finished at 10.15 pm Regular verbs Watch + ed start + edSTATEMENTSJohn played football last week My grandparents moved to Scotland last year I started He started We startedYou started She startedThey startedIt startedExamples: The bus arrived at 9.30 In 1998 I decided to move to Australia Kate stayed in Turkey last summer Yesterday I walked to school SPELLING fitfitted stopstopped cry cried try tried 6. CAREFUL!Two syllable verbs with the stress on the first syllable do NOT double the final consonant. Admitadmitted Answer answered Other regularanswer listenstart Verbsarrive livestopdecide marry turnlike openwatchTask Make your own list of regular verbs. Past Simple: regular negative and questions NEGATIVESI didnt start learning English last year. I started this yearI did not startHe did not startWe did not start I didnt start He didnt start We didnt startYou did not startShe did not startThey did not start You didnt start She didnt start They didnt start It did not startIt didnt start QUESTIONSDid you start learning English last year? Did I start? Did he start? Did we start?Did you start? Did she start?Did they start? Did it start? Wh- questions When did you start learning English?When did you finish your homework?ExamplesDid they arrive yesterday? No, they didnt arrive yesterday They arrived on MondayDid you finish your homework? No, I didnt finish my homework It was very difficult.When did you start school?I started school in 1993. 7. Past simple: Irregular affirmative Irregular verbs do not have ed endings for the past simple. Each verb has its own form and we have to learn these forms.go went eatateHe read the STATEMENTS Last week we went to the cinema.newspaperPedro ate 10 cakes yesterday. yesterday.GoEatI wentI ate You wentYou ate He went He ate She wentShe ate It went It ate We went We ate They went They ateExamplesYesterday I drank Japanese beerHarry always came lateWe made dinner last nightTaskComplete this list. Use the words in the box Sent got did knew began flew brought tookwent hadCame toldgavestood metmade found wore drank ran VerbPast SimpleVerb Past Simple begin ---------------- have -------------- 8. bring ---------------- know --------------come ----------------make--------------do ----------------meet--------------drink ---------------- run--------------find ----------------send--------------fly----------------stand --------------get----------------take--------------give ----------------tell--------------go ----------------wear-------------- Now check your answers using the dictionary or consulting a list on a book. Past Simple: irregular negative and questions NEGATIVES go went eat ate We didnt go to school last week.Kate didnt eat ice-cream yesterday I did not goHe did not go We did not go I didnt go He didnt goWe didnt goYou did not goShe did not goThey did not go You didnt go She didnt go They didnt goIt did not go It didnt go Examples:They didnt give Jack a presentI didnt have breakfastQUESTIONS Did you go to the cinema last night? Did I go? Did he go?Did we go?Did you go? Did she go? Did they go?Did it go? Examples:Did you send me a letter last week?Where did you go yesterday?What did you do? 9. Past Continuous: affirmative, negative and questions We use the past continuous to describe a continuing situation. We often interrupt a continuing situation with a sudden event6.30 pm7 pm7.30 pm 8 pm8.30 pmHaving a bathphone rang Nadia phoned me at 7.30. I was having a bath STATEMENTSLast month I was working in Brazil I was sitting He was sittingWe were sittingYou were sittingShe was sitting They were sittingIt was sitting NEGATIVES The teacher was talking, but Harry wasnt listeningWas not = wasnt were not = werent I wasnt sitting He wasnt sitting we werent sittingYou werent sittingShe wasnt sittingThey werent sitting It wasnt sitting 10. QUESTIONSWere they working in the office?Was I sitting?Was he sitting? Were we sitting?Were you sitting? Was she sitting?Were they sitting?Was it sitting? Wh- questionsWhat were you doing at 6.00? Who was he talking to? Examples Steve was eating in the restaurant when the fire started. Carmen wasnt teaching in 1990, she was studying. Were you eating dinner when I phoned? Present Perfect: affirmative We often explain a present situation by saying what has happened. We do not mention an exact time Why are you walking home?Ive broken my bikeWhy are you late?Ive lost my watch We use the present perfect when we talk about our experiences in the past and do not mention an exact time Ive been to ItalyREGULAR VERBSForming the present perfect: Have/ has + past participleThe film has started Ive finished my homework I have started he has startedwe have started Ive started the pasthes started the same weve started With regular verbs, participle isas the past simple.You have startedshe has started they have started STATEMENTS Youve startedshes started theyve started It has startedIts started 11. IRREGULAR Forming the present perfectHave/ has + past participle VERBSIve eaten ten pizzas! Jim has leftEach irregular verb has its own past participle. Sometimes the participle is the same as the past simple, sometimes it has a different form.Verb Past Simple Past Participle eatate eaten leaveleftleft drinkdrank drunk Present Perfect: negative and questions NEGATIVES I havent visited China before This is the first timeI have not found my car keys Im still looking for them Have not = havent has not = hasntRegularIrregular I havent started we havent started I havent eatenwe havent eaten You havent started they havent started you havent eatenthey havent eaten He hasnt startedhe hasnt eaten She hasnt started she hasnt eaten It hasnt startedit hasnt eaten QUESTIONS Have you started your homework?Ive finished it! Have you ever visited Cairo? Yes, Ive been there twice RegularIrregular Have I started? Have we started? Have I eaten?Have we eaten? Have you started? Have they started? Have you eaten?Have they eaten? Has he started?Has he eaten? Has she started? Has she eaten? Has it started?Has it eaten? 12. Future plans and predictions Plans or intentions When you decide to do something in the future you make a plan or have an intention. Plans can change, so it is not 100% certainPredictions from theSometimes we can see that something is going to happen situation Look out! Those books are going to fall on your head!STATEMENTSHes going to stop eating chocolateI am going t