Qualities of HardwoodsGreater dimensional stabilityLess pitchMore durabilityHarderHolds nails and screws betterLess likely to dent
Hardwoods commonly usedMapleCherryPecanOakWalnut
Qualities of SoftwoodsDevelops checks and cracksNot as strong as hardwoodLess expensive than hardwood
Softwoods commonly usedCedarPineRedwoodCypress
VeneersDefinitionThin slices of woodAdvantages of using veneersSolid wood is too expensiveSolid wood is too heavyGreater strengthLess cost
Furniture JointsImportant because they affect the life of the furniture, its durability, and its strength.
Types of Joints
Biscuit Mortise and tenon Rabbet Butt Mitered Dado Lap Dovetail
Parts of Upholstered FurnitureFrameShould be kiln dried hardwoodJoints should be strengthenedCushioning materialsSprings in seat basesThick cushioning applied over springs and frame.Foam, fiberfill, and down are used.
Support Springs in MattressesBox springsCoils attached to a base covered with paddingCoil springs:Same as box, but not covered or paddedFlat springs:Frame with flat springsNumber of coils?Good quality has 300 or more
Metals in Furniture ConstructionAluminumIronSteelUsed for:Lawn chairsOutdoor furnitureModern furniture
Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Metal FurnishingsAdvantages:Light or heavyInexpensiveStrongDisadvantages:BendsDentsBrittleRusts and tarnishes
Plastic furnitureAdvantages:Imitates other materialsLight weightDurableInexpensiveEasy to clean
Buying Case FurnitureCheck for:Surface finish, back and inside finishSolid constructionSturdy baseWorking partsDrawers open smoothly