Kitchens Materials

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Ceramic Tile

1- Variety of colors2- Variety of sizes3- Variety of shapes4- Variety of patterns

Easier control of the Aesthetic valueThe aesthetic features of ceramic tiles are basically three:SizeColorDecoration

Manufacturing process

Visual Features:Raw Materials

Talc / Silica / Clay

Ceramic Tile

Layers:1- Durability2- Dirt Resistance3- Easy Maintenance4- Stain proof5- Stain Resistance6-Slip/Skid Resistance7- Color Permanence8- Hygiene

Physical Features:

All these physical features makethe ceramic tiles suitable for kitchens flooring:Heres the thing: porcelain and ceramic arent actually different types of tile. Theyre actually both ceramic tile. Porcelain tile is simply fired for longer and at higher temperatures that what we consider ceramic. At a glance, you really cant tell the difference between a proper porcelain tile and a proper ceramic tile. Note:

Ceramic Tile

Pros:Ceramic tile stands up to wear and tear, from muddy footprints to spills and splashes, like a champ and is super easy to clean. The huge variety of low-priced options makes it one of the most affordable flooring choices. And thanks to tile's modular, DIY-friendly nature, you can easily come up with a custom pattern even on a tight budget. Cons:Tile can crack as floors settle, and a dish or glass dropped on it is virtually guaranteed to shatter. It also can be cold and hard underfoot, so use a rug or a cushioned mat to offset the discomfort. Moisture makes tile slippery; a honed or textured surface can provide slightly more traction. Grout needs periodic sealing and special cleaning to keep stains at bay.


Natural Stone

Whether they're made from limestone, slate, granite or travertine, natural stone floors have one major asset:

Their Variation

No two pieces of stone have exactly the same color, pattern or texture:Visual depth


Gracious look that instantly makes a kitchen feel more upscale

Visual Features:

Types of stone:Slate

Tends to be dark; highly resilient Travertine

Wildly variable patterns and colors, feels soft underfoot, but has a tendency to scratch and stain.Marble

Beautiful patterns and colors, highly resilient.

Absorbs water.Granite

Probably the hardest natural stone. Limestone

Beautiful patterns and colors, highly resilientSandstone

Extremely resilient, with minimal color options.

Pros: Stone floors have been around for centuries, so it doesn't get more classic than this. Like tile and concrete, they're cool underfoot, a boon in hot climates. They're durable and require little day-to-day maintenance. And did we mention the natural beauty? Cons: Stone is expensive. The tiny crannies in its surface can trap dirt. Scratches and chips can be an issue with softer stone, such as travertine; slate's layers have been known to peel over time. Porous stone will need protective sealing at regular intervals.

CONSPROSNatural Stone

Solid Wood

Nature is a terrific artisan it's tough to match the Warmth and Charm of solid wood. Even in a space with a lot of moisture and heavy foot traffic, wood can last indefinitely if it's properly treated and cared for. It's a perennial classic, and it develops a rich patina with time and use. Visual Features:-Classic-warm-Natural looking

darker woods are more likely than lighter woods to show dirt and scratches.wood floors are beautiful in the kitchen. Because kitchens are high traffic areas

Pros: Whether you want thin strips of pale maple or wide planks of pine, there's a wood that will look just right in your kitchen. Wood never goes out of style, so you won't have to worry about updating it as your home evolves. It can be sanded and refinished to keep it looking its best. Cons: You'll have to stay on top of spills; liquids can cause damage if they're not wiped up right away. Wood dents and scratches easily, so it will need periodic refinishing. Although it's not as unyielding as concrete or tile, it also isn't as comfortable as cork or vinyl.



Nowadays this material comes in a sophisticated range of designs and finishes.

It's available in Sheets or Tiles that mimic stone, wood, ceramic tile and more, embossed with textures that look and feel surprisingly realistic.

Vinyl !

Pros: One of the most inexpensive flooring options on the market, vinyl can approximate the look of pricier materials at a fraction of the cost. It's a snap to clean, easy to patch if a spot gets damaged, and comfortable underfoot. Plus, you can usually install it on your own, which eliminates the expense of hiring a pro. Cons: Vinyl can dent, bubble or curl over time. Sharp objects may tear it, and grit and dirt can scratch and dull its finish. It also can fade in strong sunlight. Compared with other flooring materials, its life span is shorter (it will begin to show wear after five years or so).



made from linseed oil, resins, wood flour and more fell out of favor as synthetic flooring came into vogue. But in recent years, its green cred and retro-cool look have caught the attention of Eco conscious consumers and style savants. It's perfect for old-fashioned cottages and midcentury interiors.

Pros: Much of linoleum's appeal lies in its versatility. Because it comes in just about every color you can imagine, you can go as subtle or as bold as you want. It can be easily cut into one-of-a-kind patterns, such as the circular motif pictured here. Plus, it's affordable, durable and easy to maintain. Cons: Linoleum can wear and fade with time and use. Many manufacturers add a protective coating before the material is sold; without this coating, the floors may need periodic waxing and polishing. Linoleum is also tricky to work with, so even hardcore DIY-ers will likely need help from a pro.



Concrete flooring has come a long way from the days when it was relegated to basements or hidden under carpeting.

Its star has risen in the design world because of its edginess and industrial-chic look.

No longer does a concrete floor mean a dull swath of gray; today, it can be stained, stamped, scored or acid etched for visual panache.

Pros: Concrete stays cool even in the hottest weather, so it's ideal for warm climates. It's virtually indestructible, no matter what you spill on it or drag across it. And if you get tired of the look, you'll have a ready-made subfloor for carpeting, tile or another surface. Cons: Concrete is difficult to work with, so you'll almost certainly need professional installation. As with tile and stone, concrete can be unforgiving on feet. It's porous, so sealing is a must to ward off stains especially in a high-traffic area such as a kitchen. And some folks find it just plain cold.


Kitchen Countertop Materials

Soapstone Kitchen CountersOften used in laboratories for its resistance to stains, chemicals and bacteria, soapstone is a durable and natural choice for a kitchen.

Expensive but good lifetime.

Kitchen Countertop Materials

Granite Kitchen CountersThere are plenty of reasons granite is so popular this natural stone has plenty of character, with unique grains, colors and customizable finishes. When properly sealed, it's one of the most durable options out there.

Kitchen Countertop Materials

Copper Kitchen CountersIt certainly isn't common, but a copper countertop is surprisingly easy to clean and maintain. However, it's not for perfectionists since it's a "living" surface, it reacts to different substances, creating a blend of matte reds, browns and greens. But for those who love the look

Kitchen Countertop Materials

Soapstone Kitchen CountersOften used in laboratories for its resistance to stains, chemicals and bacteria, soapstone is a durable and natural choice for a kitchen.

Kitchen Countertop Materials

Engineered Quartz Kitchen CountersPerfect for the customized home, engineered quartz comes in just about every shade imaginable. This engineered product combines ground quartz, resin and pigments for a tough, nonporous material. Great ecofriendly attributes makes it a safe bet for green homes

Kitchen Countertop Materials

Tile Kitchen CountersOne of the more affordable counter choices, ceramic or stone tile is incredibly durable, and one of the few DIY countertop options. Maintenance can be difficult with all that grout, but choosing a durable and dark grout can make things easier.

Kitchen Countertop Materials

Ecofriendly Kitchen Counterswide variety of material styles and costs from salvaged wood to Bio-Glass to bamboo

(shown in this photo)

Kitchen Countertop Materials

Zinc Kitchen CountersYou don't see zinc countertops in many modern kitchens, but this metal has a warmth that has made it popular for centuries. Zinc's tone darkens with time, adding patina. Its antimicrobial properties make it a smart