Plants and Buildings: improving the human environment

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<ul><li><p>Plants and Buildings: improving the human </p><p>environment </p><p>Professor John Dover The Green Wall Centre, Staffordshire University </p><p> </p></li><li><p> Overarching Creative Vision for the Whole Centre </p><p> Detailed Design of a specific space as a pilot </p><p>Des</p><p>ign </p><p>Brie</p><p>f </p></li><li><p>Considerations The building needs to address current </p><p>issues but also be future-proofed in terms of environmental challenges </p><p> We are in the world of the retrofit </p><p> Best not to overcomplicate </p><p> Engagement is important </p><p> There are always caveats/exceptions </p><p>Brie</p><p>f Iss</p><p>ues </p></li><li><p>Ecosystem services are generally considered to be of four types: Supporting services e.g. nutrient and water cycling, soil </p><p>formation, primary production Regulating services e.g. climate control, pollution removal, </p><p>water regulation &amp; purification, pollination, pest &amp; disease suppression, erosion control </p><p> Provisioning services e.g. food, medicines, building materials Cultural services e.g. societal appreciation of nature and </p><p>environment, aesthetics, recreation (EASAC, 2009) </p><p>Eco</p><p>syst</p><p>em S</p><p>ervi</p><p>ces </p></li><li><p> Regulating services climate control, pollution removal, water regulation &amp; purification, disease suppression </p><p> Cultural services aesthetics, appreciation of nature and environment, recreation </p><p>For B</p><p>uild</p><p>ing </p><p>Des</p><p>ign </p><p>Most Relevant </p></li><li><p>Essential Infrastructure </p></li><li><p>Ecosystem Services can help with many current and future </p><p>challenges Climate Change </p><p>Societal Value </p><p>Amenity Value </p><p>Health &amp; Wellbeing </p><p>Energy Management </p><p>Water Management </p><p>Urban Climate </p><p>Ecosystem Services </p><p>Inside buildings and outside </p><p>Cha</p><p>lleng</p><p>es </p></li><li><p>Evapotranspiration </p><p>7-10C difference </p><p>Air cooling, humidification, UV control, shade </p><p>Clim</p><p>ate </p><p>Con</p><p>trol </p></li><li><p>Can be used with Air Cons A</p><p>ir C</p><p>ondi</p><p>tioni</p><p>ng </p></li><li><p>Cool in summer warm in winter </p><p>Deciduous species: leaves shade in summer, fall-off in winter and sun warms room </p><p>Win</p><p>dow</p><p> Sha</p><p>de </p></li><li><p>Shaded walkways, Contemplative spaces, Stress reduction, Evapo-transpiration Sustainable Urban Drainage </p><p>Future proofing for climate change </p><p>Out</p><p>door</p><p> sha</p><p>de </p></li><li><p>Sustainable Urban Drainage </p><p>Slo</p><p>win</p><p>g it </p><p>dow</p><p>n </p></li><li><p>Cap</p><p>ture</p><p> City of Portland, Oregon </p><p>Rain Gardens </p><p>Storm-water planters </p></li><li><p>Per</p><p>mea</p><p>ble </p><p>pavi</p><p>ng </p><p>Pavements, Car parks, Driveways, Patios </p><p>Infiltration </p></li><li><p>Building Insulation </p><p>Warmer in Winter </p><p>Ene</p><p>rgy </p><p>Man</p><p>agem</p><p>ent </p><p>Cooler in Summer </p><p>Can also provide summer shade with trees or climbers on awnings </p></li><li><p>Energy consumption </p><p> One study suggests that shading air conditioner heat exchangers </p><p>could save up to 10% in energy costs! </p><p>Air </p><p>Con</p><p>ditio</p><p>ning</p><p> U</p><p>nits</p></li><li><p>Nature helps in: Stress recovery Attention restoration Reduced prevalence of mental disorder Trust, tolerance, participation, feelings of safety Recovery from surgery </p><p>State-of-Mind M</p><p>enta</p><p>l Hea</p><p>lth </p></li><li><p>Looking good, hiding the ugly, enhancing the mediocre </p><p>Aes</p><p>thet</p><p>ics </p><p>Biotecture Ltd </p><p>Mobilane </p></li><li><p>Volatile Organic Chemicals (VOCs) In</p><p>door</p><p> Air </p><p>Pol</p><p>lutio</p><p>n </p><p>Plants especially microbes in the root-zone can detoxify VOCs </p><p> Higher concentrations indoors Hundreds of compounds Some carcinogens Given off by building products, </p><p>furnishing, electrical, etc. Sick-building syndrome </p></li><li><p>Nursery x250 mag A38 Bristol St x250 mag </p><p>66 days </p><p>Pol</p><p>lutio</p><p>n O</p><p>utdo</p><p>ors </p><p>Plants Capture PM and Gasses NO2 SO2 O3 CO2 CO </p><p>PM10-1.0 </p></li><li><p>Reducing hubbub </p><p>Sound absorption, diffraction, reflection Will vary with plant species &amp; architecture, growing units/media Valuable where many hard surfaces </p><p>Noi</p><p>se P</p><p>ollu</p><p>tion Biotecture Ltd </p></li><li><p>The immediate work environment P</p><p>rodu</p><p>ctiv</p><p>ity </p><p> Increased job satisfaction Higher quality of life scores Reduced work pressure Reduced absences Better productivity Improves climate (humidity) May reduce microbes in the air </p></li><li><p>Room dividers </p><p>Indoor vegetation can be a fixed or a mobile facility creating and recreating spaces as required. Green walls take up little space. </p><p>Spa</p><p>ce u</p><p>tilis</p><p>atio</p><p>n </p><p>Biotecture Ltd </p></li><li><p>1. What is Green Infrastructure? 2. Benefits of Green Infrastructure 3. Indoors 4. Permeable Pavements 5. Green Walls 6. Green Roofs 7. Street Trees 8. Policy, Regulation and Incentives </p><p>CONTENTS: </p></li></ul>