Text of Identify origins and beliefs of fundamentalist movements. Research major fundamentalist...
Identify origins and beliefs of fundamentalist movements. Research major fundamentalist groups. Articulate arguments for and against the issue of Islamic fundamentalism as a threat.
What caused the Arab Spring movements? Economic Conditions High unemployment Low minimum wages Inflation (food prices) Class stratification Political Conditions No democratic values! Lack voice in govt No free speech/assembly Police brutality/corruption
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Political & social movement promoting a return to traditional, or fundamental, interpretation of any religion. Islamic Fundamentalism or Political Islam Est. Sharia law as foundation of government Rid society of non-Islamic influence
Islamic empire eclipsed, dominated, and exploited by West. Frustrated w/politics. Frustration with rapid social & economic changes. Western presence in Holy Lands, ME politics, perceived attack on Islam
World Gone Wrong Religion to cope & guide Tool for social activism & poly change Motivate & justify purpose No Other Option Tried traditional channels for change, failed Lack power, voice Hopeless & frustrated Cosmic War Against Enemy Good vs Evil (God/Devil) Stakes so high, cause so virtuous = any means justify ends Symbolism & Violence Value to target & timing Four Cases Read From Responding to Terrorism: Challenges for Democracy www.choices.edu
Most DO NOT ADVOCATE violence! Terrorism as form of jihad Seek to overthrow secular regimes & rulers they regard as un-Islamic
US Concerns Poly & econ stability Terror attacks against Western Interests Islamaphobia- Anti- Arab Anti-Muslim, sentiment born out of fear and ignorance
Do you consider Islamic fundamentalism a threat to US security? Why or why not?
Al Qaeda Beliefs- establishing rule of God on Earth Attaining Martyrdom Purification of ranks of Islam Countries- Afgan., Iraq, Sudan, Pakistan Gov participation- recognized part of Libyas rebel gov Activities- assassinations, bombings, etc
Beliefs- Sunni, Islam; Sharia Law Countries- Afghan., Pakistan Gov- Diplomatic recognition from Saudi Arabia, Pakistan Activities- Brutal oppression of women Burning fertile land Bombings Outside oppostion- US &UK, India, UN
Beliefs- Shiite Muslim In Lebanon Gov- few seats, radio & tv networks Activities- suicide attacks and kidnapping Outside Oppostion- US- terrorist group UN- request they disarm
Islamic fundamentalism Gaza, West Bank in Israel Palestine Authority rules 2 houses Activities- suicide bombings, use rockets, and small arms
Beliefs- strict Quran following Democratic values Activism & Charity Sharia Law In Egypt, Bahran, Jordan, Iraq Power? Not in most countries Egypt Activities- Poly party control Natl effort toward reform and progress Outside opposition- question sincerity
Beliefs- Wants US and allies out Countries- Lebanon, Palestine Power- No govt powers but control dozens of NGOs Operate Mosques and schools Activities- kidnappings, bombings, suicide bombings