04.Learn Ukrainian an Elementary Practical Course in Conversational Ukrainian

Embed Size (px)

Text of 04.Learn Ukrainian an Elementary Practical Course in Conversational Ukrainian

LEARN UKRAIN-IAN AN ELEMENTARY PRACTICAL COURSE IN CONVERSATIONAL UKRAINIAN Halina I. MAKAROVA Larissa M. PALAMAR Nalaliya K. PRISYAZHNYUK "VY$HCHA SHKOLA" PUBLISHING ~ I O U S E KIl,V _ L91S BHB9:AHTE YKPAiH-CbKY MOBY r. I. MAKAPOBA 11. M. nAJIAMAP H. K. nPHC,SI)KHIOK BH,lI,ABHH'lE OIi'.ll.HAHH5I cBHWA UlKOJIiU fOJlOBHE BIi,D,ABHHUTBO KHI8 - 1975 CONTENTS ______________________________________________________ _ Prelace Part I . Introduct ion Lesson J Sounds lal. 1M!, IKJ Sounds leI. I(jlJ. lal Sounds Iy]' [n). [6) Sounds [01. ITI . (AI ,. . ... , intonation of t he Declarative Sentence Sound 111 1. . .. Intonation of the Special Question Int onation of the General Question. Af-firmative Answer , Lesson 2 . , , , . Sounds leI, 1!l1 . (ul ,., .. , . ... Intonation of Sentences with the Conju-ncti on a i't , , Sounds luI. I" I, Inl ....... . Noun. General Information about the Plural Form . , , ... I.esson 3 Sound (il. Soft Consonants [r-I . Labl. IHb] Noun. General Information about Gender Negative Sentences Lesson 4 ., . .. . Sound [ill. Conjunction i (u) Letters II. 10, e, i ... . . , . . . . . Possessive Pronoun Miti (my) . . ... , Leiters II, 10, 6 after Soft Consonant and Apostrorhe . . ... . .... Persona Pronoun mu (you) and Possessive Pronoun m8iu (your) Le$.'i()n 5 .,.,., Sounds Iwl, bltl .. I'l l, Ia:cJ .. " . .... .. . Personal Pronouns 6U (you). MU (we). Pos-sessive Pronouns HaUl (our), 6aW (your ). i'XHiiJ (their). Interrogative Pronoun (whose)? ., ... " . . .. , Leiter and Sound I xl . . . . . Verb, Conjugation I. Present Tense 7 9 9 12 12 13 14 15 16 17 17 18 22 22 23 24 26 30 30 32 32 37 37 38 39 40 40 43 43 45 46 47 48 Lessen 6 Sound (pI ... Verb. Conjugation II. Present Tense Imperative Mood Long Consonants. Noun. Plural of Neuter Nouns .... . ........ . Conjugation of the Verbs xumu (to live). po3flO8ioamu (to tell). 8ioflO8iiJamu (to ans wer) Lesson 7 Sounds Irl. IrJ .......... . Conjugation of the Verb Kyny8llItIU (to buy) Possessive Pronouns !loa;) (his) and ji (her) Sound \Jlbl. . Interchange of Initial y with a . . Conjugation of the Verb po6umu (to do) Conjugation of the Verb AlO6umu (to like. to love) Lesson 8 Sound Ipbl . , . . NOlin. Plural Form .. ,.,. . .. Conjugation of the Verb Y>lumucli. 8>1umuCR (to study) .. .......... Conjugation of the Verb (to work) ...... , ...... . Adverbs iJoIjpe (well) and rwwro (badly) Conj ugation of the Verb p03Al()8ARmU (to speak) ....... , ..... ,' Word Combination 6yOb AQC!I'a Lesson 9 (Review) Ukrainian Vowels foUzed Vowel Letters Apostrophe Ukrainian Consonants Soft Consonants Long Consonants ..... . VOIced and VOIceless Consonants Stress Intonation Part It Introduction Uwn I Animate and Inanimate Nouns The Gender of Nouns 56 56 58 59 60 61 67 67 68 69 69 70 71 72 77 77 77 79 79 SO 81 82 89 89 90 90 90 91 91 9 1 92 92 100 100 102 104 10' 5 The Plural of Nouns ....... The Nouns Denoting Trade, Profession, Nationality ........ The First Name and Patronymic in Ukrai nian Vocative Form Lesson 2 .... The Verb. Past Tense .. Adverbs of Time and Manner Lesson 3 ....... . ,The Verb. Future Tense .. Lesson 4 .. .. The Adjective. Gender and Number . The Ordinal Numerals. Gender and Number Expression of Time . .... usson 5 ............ . .. The Verb. Perfective and Imperfective As pect . . . . . . ... . Lesson 6 ..... , . . , , , . :!he Noun. The Accusative Case Denoting uired Object """ , .. , ., Lesson 7 .Adjectives in the Accusative Case , , Possessive Pronouns in the Accusative Case .....,... " ., Lesson 8 ............ , .. . Animale Nouns in the Accusative Case Sin gular ............... . Personal Pronouns in the Accusative Case Possessive Pronouns and Adjectives Modi fying Animate Nouns in the Accusative Case Singular ...... , Lesson 9 ............ . Verbs of Motion Imu, ixamu (to go) The Accusative Case 01 DIrection Verbs of Motion xoiJumu, i3fJumu Lesson 10 .......... The Accusative Case DenotlOg Object of Thinking ......... . .. Days of the Week .......... Expression 01 Timeof Day ...... Summary .............. TheAccusativeCaseand its Usein Ukrai nian ..... , , . . 105 106 107 101 108 110 112 113 liS liG 118 119 119 121 122 128 129 133 134 136 139 141 14J 142 14. 145 146 147 150 lSI 153 15' 155 155 Lesson II .... , ....... . The Noun. GenitiveCaseof Possession Lesson 12 .......... . ,., Genitive Case after Negation ... Genitive Case after Cardinal Numerals Usson 13 Genitive Case of Direction Genitive Case of Date . Lesson /4 ..,... . . The Noun. Locative Case of Place Lesson 15 . , ...... Nouns In the Locative Case Plural Adjectives in the Locative Case . Demonstrative Pronouns /feu, moil Lesson 16 ..... Expression of Time . Lesson 17 .. .... . The Noun. Dative Case of Address . Personal Pronouns in the Dative Case Dative Case of Age ...... Dative Case in Impersonal Sentences Lesson 18 ... , .... ,' Nouns in the Dative Case Plural . Adjectives in the Dative Case . .. . Possessive Pronouns in the Dative Case Possessive Pronoun csiu (one's own) Lesson 19 ........ The Noun. Instrumental Case Lesson 20 ..... Nouns in the Instrumental Case Plural . Adjectives in the Instrumental Case .. Possessive Pronouns in the Instrumental Case ..... . Personal Pronouns in the Instrumental Case .. ... Lesson 21 ..... , ..... Cases and how they are Used in the Ukra inian Language ........... . Declension of Main Groups of Nouns and Adjectives which Modify them Declension of Personal Pronouns .. Answers ........ UkrainianEngli sh Vocabulary Appendix ....... 158 160 16. 166 167 170 172 17. m 178 183 18' 185 186 189 190 19. 196 198 198 199 201 203 203 203 204 208 209 215 '18 217 218 218 221 223 22. 226 229 240 25' PREFACE Leam Ukrainian is an elementary practical course for Engli sh speaking persons who want to st udy Ukrainian either by themselves or in various groups with a teacher. This course does not cover the entire lexical and structural richness of the Ukrai-nian language. However, it can serve as an introduction to a more deeper and fun damental study of the Ukrainian language. This book is divided into two parts. Part I (introductory phonetic course) consists of 9 lessons and they will acquaint the student with the Ukrainian phonetic system, articulation of the sounds, peculiari-ties of stress and intonation. Part II (int roductory course in grammar) consists of 21 lessons. They contain the main grammar patterns designed to develop everyday speech and serve as the basis for a more extensive study of. the Ukrainian language. Part II presents the declension of nouns (all case forms), the main forms of the verbs, adjectives, numerals, personal, possessive and demonstrative pronouns and adverbs. The study of these morphological f,lcts runs along syntactical lines. Besides syntax of a simple sentence, some types of complex and compound sentences are also included in the course. The phonetical and grammar material is introduced in small portions. each of which is presented under its own paragraph. A paragraph consists of a commentary in English, phonetical or grammatical tables and various exercises. The latter ate based on the vocabulary of preceding lessons. They are arranged according to the in-{: rcasing degree of difficulties encountered by the student. Through the selected vocabulary the authors introduce those words which are ne- for active everyday taking into account the frequency of their usage and suitability to fi ll in the grammar patterns. The total number of words used in this book amounts to 1000. The Ukrainian-English vocabulary and answers to each lesson exercises are pre-sL'nted at the end of Part II. Here is a guide on how to work with this manual: 1. Study every lesson and every paragraph; do not omit anything, master the ma-terial in the given order. 2. Do not interrupt your studies in the middle of a lesson or paragraph, without baving done all the given exercises. 7 3. Begin each new lesson with a recapitulation of the preceding one. Try to begin and finish each lesson by studying the dialogues. 4. Do all the exercises according to the given recommendations: do most of the exer-cises orally, but 3-4 exercises of every subject should be done in written form. 5. All the exercises are provided with answers: having done an exercise, com pare it wi th the answer. 6. In classroom work teachers are recommended to make recordings of all dialo-gues and texts of the course so that students can imitate correct pronunciation. 7. Continuously consult the alphabetic Ukrainian-English vocabulary at the end of the book. The authors wish to thank professors I. Kutcherenko and V. Massalsky of Kiev State University, professors V. Rusanivsky and I. Matvias from the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR, W. Biley, editor of News 'rom Ukraine, for their valuable suggestions and advice. PART I INTRODUCTION A language exists in its oral and written forms of speech. The sounds that we pro