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Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP) · PDF fileAlternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP) 2015 Yaowateera Achawangkul, Ph.D. Department of Alternative Energy Development and

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  • Alternative Energy Development Plan (AEDP) 2015

    Yaowateera Achawangkul, Ph.D.

    Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency

    Thailand Integrated Energy Blueprint4th June 2015

    1

  • 2

    Content

    1. Thailands Energy Situation

    2. Renewable Energy Potential in Thailand

    3. Key point on AEDP 2015-2036

  • Thailands Energy Situation

    3

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    ThailandEnergyConsumption,20092013

    In2013,REaccountedforatotalof8,232ktoe ofconsumption,or~11% 5,278ktoe direct 1,612ktoe fuel 1,342ktoe

    convertedelectricity UtilizationsofRE

    becameapproximately12%inNov.2014

    Coal&products

    Petroleumproducts

    Naturalgas

    Electricity

    Renewableenergy

    Traditionalrenewableenergy

    95.5%Fossilfuels4.5%Biofuels

    80.0%Fossilfuels9.2%Renewables7.7%Importedhydropower3.1%Largehydropower

    SOURCE:EnergyinThailand FactsandFigures

    Energyconsumptionhasbeengrowingat2.4%peryear;renewableaccountfor>10%ofconsumption

  • ThailandFinalEnergyConsumption2014

    Final Energy Consumption

    Renewable Energy Consumption

    Energy from Fossil: 74.93%

    Renewable Energy: 11.83%

    Traditional RE: 11.22%

    Imported Hydropower : 1.42%

    Large Scale Hydropower : 0.60%

    Electricity (Solar/Wind/Biomass/MSW/Biogas) : 1.73%

    Small Scale Hydropower : 0.03%

    Heat (Solar/Biomass/MSW/Biogas) : 7.72%

    Biofuels: 2.35%

    5

  • Power Generation by Fuel Type in 2014

    Power Generation by Fuel Type

    Power Generation by Producer

    Natural Gas

    Diesel/Fuel Oil Imported

    Renewable Energy

    Coal & Lignite

    Imported & Exchange

    6

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    EnergyPolicy

    Thailands Energy Policies

    General Prayuth Chan O-chaPrime Minister

    Secure Thailand Energy supply Exploration and production of natural gas and crude oil both in the sea and on land More new power plant by government agencies and private organizations Increase the use of renewable energy International energy development cooperation

    Fair Energy Pricing Energy price restructure Appropriate tax between different types of oil

    Energy conservation More efficient use of energy Awareness of consumer

  • Renewable Energy Potential in Thailand

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    MunicipalSolidWaste(MSW)Potential

    . (/) (/) (/) (/) (/) (MW)

    26.774 73,353.42 47,876.00 3,686.00 44,190.00 631.29

    Potential 631 MW

    Ref. Pollution Control Dept.

    MSW Flow Diagram (2013)

    Amount of MSW (million ton/y)

    Total MSW (ton/day)

    Utilized MSW

    (ton/day)

    Usable MSW(ton/day

    )

    Unutilized (ton/day)

    Energy Potential

    MW

  • BiogasPotential

    Biogas Potential 4,567 MW

    Potential All Types Energy crop

    Industries + Agri. Plan

    Livestock Farm

    Agricultural Waste Sewage

    Remaining Potential(Million cubic meter per year)

    36,421 33,010 1,311 + 648 880 425 147

    Availability for Energy Production(40-60%)

    18,442 16,505 787 + 259 528 255 88

    Power Potential (MW)(3.69 million m3 per 1 MW)

    4,657 4,168 264 133 64 22

    10

  • BiomassPotential

    Biomass potential data Remain Biomass (at year 2014) Remain Biomass incl. Agri. Plan

    Type of biomass Ton/y Existing (MW)ktoe Ton/y ktoe Existing (MW)

    Rice husk

    Rice straw

    Sugar cane and leaf

    Bagasse

    Corn cob

    Corn trunk

    Cassava rhizome

    Cassava trunk

    Oil palm frond

    Oil palm fiber

    Oil palm shell

    Oil palm empty fruit bunch

    Para wood root

    Coconut shell

    Coconut fiber

    Coconut bunch and frond

    Total

    11

  • WindPotential

    Wind potential 14,141 MW

    The area in which has average wind speed over than 6 m/s, has potential for power generation by 14,141 MW

    (Ref. DEDE report year 2010)

    12

  • SolarPotential

    Solar Energy PotentialThe potential is evaluated on 1% of possible installation in Thailand: 42,356 MW(DEDE, 2012)

    Potential (1%) 42,356.67 MW

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  • Key point on AEDP 2015-2036

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  • AEDP20152036

    15

    PDP

    2015

    EEDP

    2015

    AEDP

    2015

    Power Development Plan

    2015-2036

    Energy Efficiency

    Development Plan

    Alternative Energy Development Plan

    Resolution of National Energy Policy

    Council (15/08/2014)

    Smart

    Grid Oil Plan

    Gas Plan

  • InitialconceptsforAEDP20152036

    1) Promotion on power generation from MSW, biomass and biogas, to benefit both

    farmer and community. MSW 500 MW Biomass2,500 MW from biomass potential at present1,500 MW from increased agricultural area, due to zoning policy (Ministry of Agriculture)

    2) Set up target of the provincial RE development by zoning of electricity demand

    and RE potential

    3) Power generation from solar and wind if the investment cost will be able to

    compete with power generation using LNG

    4) Incentives by using the competitive bidding, and promote the utilization by energy

    consumption reduction (Net Metering Self-Consumption)

    16

  • InitialconceptsforAEDP2015

    Study for the potential of domestic RE source (Power/Heat/Biofuel) and forecast the quantity of RE in future

    Analyze and appoint the share of RE for power, heat and biofuel at present and future

    Total energy used prediction from EPPOs model

    Power Heat Biofuel

    Provide RE for power generation by the potential of transmission line of PEAs substation by the consideration of: 1) RE potential of each area2) Priority of RE by merit order,

    using Levelized Cost of Electricity (LCOE) model

    Provide RE for heat generation by the potential of fossil fuel replacement/target group

    Increase amount of biofuel production instead of fuel oil in transportation sector, by considerate the equilibrium of production and utilization

    17

    Opportunity for fossil replacing using RE

  • Conceptsforpredictionofpowerproductionpotential

    18

    Area-based

    RE power generation

    Total power generation

    Increasing of population

    Hydropower development

    plan

    Wind, Solar, New EnergyPotential evaluation

    Energy crop Energy cropAgricultural area zoning policy

    Merit Order

    Until 2024, consider by the potential of transmission line

    and distribution

    After 2025, consider by power

    demand and RE potential

    Increasing of GDPMSW

    Biomass from Agri. waste

    Biogas

    Hydropower Potential

  • REpotentialforpowergeneration

    19

    These data are under proceeding. Do not reference of publish

    Energy Type Total Potential At present (Sep.2014) Remaining Potential Target in 2036 Energy in 2036

    Power MW MW MW MW GWh

    1. MSW 697.01 65.72 631.29 501.00 3,072.13

    2. Biomass 8,492.01 2,451.72 6,040.29 5,570.00 34,155.24

    3. Biogas 657.58 312.95 344.63 600.00 3,679.20

    4. Biogas (Energy crop) 4,287.05 - 4,287.05 680.00 4,646.30

    5. Small Hyfropower 410.00 141.89 268.11 376.00 1,350.44

    6. Wind 14,141.00 224.47 13,916.53 3,002.00 4,733.55

    7. Solar 42,356.67 1,287.85 41,068.82 6,000.00 8,409.60

    8. Large Hydropower 2,906.00 2,906.00 - 2,906.00 5,235.00

    Total 73,947.32 7,390.60 66,556.72 19,635.00 65,281.46

    Final Energy Consumption

    (ktoe) 326,119.00 131,000.00

    RE share (%) 20.02% 4.25%

  • Conceptsforpredictionofheatproduction

    RE substitution

    Total Heat demandIncreasing of GDP

    Increasing of population

    Substitution Potential

    MSW

    Biomass

    Biogas

    MSW

    Biomass

    Biogas

    Solar

    Geothermal

    Target group for RE substitution

    Industrial

    Business

    Residence

    20

  • Targetgroupsofheatgenerationpromotion

    Hotel

    Hospital

    Department Store

    Business Office

    Large Industry

    Community Enterprise

    SMEs

    House

    Village, Community

    Industrial Sector

    Business Sector

    Residence

    Biomass Solar (Hot Water+Drying)

    Biogas Geothermal

    MSW

    Biomass Solar (Hot Water+Drying)

    Biogas Geothermal

    MSW

    Solar (Hot Water, PV-Air Conditioning)

    Biomass Biogas Solar (Hot Water, PV-Air Conditioning)

    21

  • REpotentialforheatgeneration

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    Energy Type Total Potential At present (Sep.2014) Remaining Potential Target in 2036

    Heat ktoe ktoe ktoe ktoe

    1. MSW 200.00 98.03 101.97 200.00

    2. Biomass 15,368.31 5,153.00 10,215.31 15,000.00

    3. Biogas 1,000.00 496.13 503.87 1,000.00

    4. Solar 1,255.91 4.89 1,251.02 1,200.00

    5. Other Alternative Energy 361.00 - 361.00 100.00

    Total 18,185.22 5,752.05 12,433.17 17,500.00

    Final Energy Consumption (ktoe) 131,000.00

    RE share (%) 13.36%

    These data are under proceeding. Do not reference of publish

    RE utilization for heat generationUtilize RE instead of coal, oil and natural gas in an industrial sector, or heat applications- Biogas : Generate biogas from waste water/ or industrial waste, and use as fuel in production line

    - Biomass : Use for direct combustion or biomass pellet in the industrials boiler

    - MSW : Transform to RDF of pellet

    - Solar: : Use solar collector to rise up water temperature, and use for boilers feed water or other applications

  • Biofuel TargetandConcepts

    SUPPLYDEMAND SUPP