AUTHOR Hafenrichter, John L. Library Science Literature ...· TITLE Library Science Literature and

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    ED 090 953 IR 000 563

    AUTHOR Hafenrichter, John L.TITLE Library Science Literature and Documentation Prepared

    in Viet-Nam 1967-1974, A Bibliographical Essay.PUB DATE 74NOTE 20p.

    EURS PRICE MF-$0.75 HC-$1.50 PLUS POSTAGEDESCRIPTORS *Annotated Bibliographies; Dove loping Nations;

    Documentation; *Library Programs; *Library ScienceIDENTIFIERS Agency for International Development; AID; OE; Office

    of Education; *Vietnam

    ABSTRACTForty-four documents printed between 1967 and 1974

    are listed in this annotated bibliography of library science anddocumentation literature which were written in Vietnam in connectionwith the Library Development Activity of the U.S. Office ofEducation, U.S. A.I.D./Vietnam. The bibliography is arrangedchronologically to reflect the developmental processes of the LibraryDevelopment Activity which had three major thrusts: 1) formation oflibrary staff, 2) formation of a Vietnamese library sciencediscipline and 3) formation of experimental library units. Host ofthe documents are in both Vietnamese and English and cover suchtopics as a basic collection for a high school library, subjectheadings and rules for catalogers, library science training inVietnam and similar subjects. location in Vietnam is given for eachentry; many of the documents have been deposited with the VietnameseLibrary Association. (JG)

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    Library Science Literature and Documentation

    Prepared in Viet-Nam 1967-1974;

    A Bibliographical Essay

    by

    John L. Hafenrichter

    Education Advisor (Library Science)Office of Education, U.S.A.I.D.

    I. IN

    the purpose of this bibliographical essay is to set dot,m;chronology of materials illustrating the process of library develop-ment undertaken in Viet-Nam since 1967. This date coincides withthe establishment of the Library Development Activity, which opyratodwithin the office of Education, U.S.A.I.D./Viet-Nam. As such, thevarious titles cited herewith reflect in nne way or another a con-nection with this office and its program of activities.

    The kind of development undertaken by this technical assistanceagency stressed three strands of work:

    1) Formation of library --Itaff2) Formation of a Vietnamese librnry --;cience lileirlino3) Formation of experimental (pilot) library unit,: in

    which staff could utilize and test the documentatiicgiven the developing discipline.

    The bibliographical unfolding contained in the pages whichfollow contributes in one way or another to one or allof those blsicefforts. But the process must be viewed as having only begun,great deal of staff formation remains to he undertaken at home 1r!abroad; the discipline urgently needs additional documentation: ;Indas developments in these two areas move space, more fnecti,,nn) 11-

    braries must be established.

  • The essence of the process signifies that almost rverythirndepends on continued formation of library staff. It is the humanresources committed to the professional area which will provecapable of producing what will he needed forever in the way ofoperational and theoretical literature: and it is this same humaninfusion which must produce on a continuing basis the service inactual library situations based on evolving theory and practice.

    rest the bibliography here offered he considered as a result ofan individual or of an office, let me offer several interpretationsat this point;

    1) No attempt has here been made to collect and to citeevery piece of paper issued by the Library Development Activity.Documentation recorded here combines to establish that variousseparated documents from a considerable number of individualsand agencies have given a base to a Vietnamese library scienceliterature, where heretofore none had existed.

    2) The listing of what may appear to be repetitive cita-tions illustrates the unfolding of the developmental process.For example item #1 presents the problem of professional andtechnical vocabulary; and it is item #41 which brings aresolution of a kind to the problem into view.

    3) There are probably no truly definitive titles containedhere. Each reflects a given state of the art at a given time;and with few exceptions, by the date many'of these titles wereissued, they had already become preys to obsolescence. As frus-trating as this recognition often seems, it is a healthy con-dition, and in a developmental sense, this state of affairs mustbe perpetuated.

    4) Very few titles cited here represent the work of singleindividuals operating alone. True development must of necessitytranspire jointly, and this is amply illustrated here in thevast majority of citations. The iliblicalsaying: that he whowould nave his soul, must first loose it, is a difficult thingwith which to live. In an area committed to service and t:ofacilitating as free a flow of information as possible, thisloosing of self, however, must figure almost as a ,job pre-relui-site. In summary to this point, the bibliography illustratesthat at those junctures where synthesis was able to overcomeanalysis, a leap forward insured.

  • 5) Locations within Viet-Nam are recorded for almo4 olltitles. This does not mean that adequate qnantitieq of eopie:of any one title probably ever existed. As the library ovienceprofession develops maturity, and as the Vietnamese libraryAssociation exerts increasingly professional leadership, thepaucity of materials needs certainly to be overcome. Insofaras the Library Development Activity can bequeath to the Viet-namese Library Association authorization to reproduce thosematerials appearing directly from the formers' operation, this4-!ocument officially records this authorization.

    6) Inherent in preparation and production of almost everytitle cited here tensions of one sort or another were present.In part, this reality stemmed from the relationship of a newconception and a new profession attempting to establish itselfwithin an old milieu. Often, simple pressures of manifoldduties forcing themselves into too limited a span of time gaverise to problems. Again, the tussle between personal and profes-sional levels of operation caused relationships to fray.

    In a developmental sense, the existence of tensions suggestsa kind of normalcy. The bibliographical story contained in thispaper suggests that a professional ambiance has slowly becomethe rule in the literature of the discipline, the matter oftensions notwithstanding. As the cadre develops its reservesof truly committed, professional-level personnel, ten donsand friction are bound to abate in some measure.

    For the compiler of this listing, the experience of ;pryingthe library development cause in Viet-Nam has never lacked forexhilaration. A porticn of this enthusiasm may he detected in eachof the titles included here. ro the numerous colleagues who havegenerously collaborated with the Library Development Activity overthese many years: first, my heartfelt gratitude: secondly, mysincerest good wishes for a continued outflowing of energy and goodworks, from which I hope you too will derive a sense of exhilarationand satisfaction.

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    II. BIBLICCRAPtitCAL CITATIONS ARRANGED CHRNOMIICAM

    1. The Library: Some Questions And Answers. 1967. 31p. (mimeo andoffsalF English and Vietnamese texts.

    ritli,4 was the first attempt made by the Library Development Activityto formulate concepts and vocabulary concerning library science directedgenerally at school librarianship in Vietnamese. The English versionwas prepared by John L. Hafenrichter, and took final form duril)g the sm...mer of 1967. Phe,,Vietnames1 text was given preliminary form, InY se-queue, by Mr, Pran-minh-Cham, Mr. Phlm- vgn -Cung, and Mrs. Nguyen-thi-Thieu. A final editing early in 1968 by the entire staff of the Activityfixed Its format, and in this form the photo-offset edition was made.

    rhi9 work has served as a basic text in 16 training session, iswell as in day-to-day discussions with individuals interested in librarydevelopment throughtout all sectors. Copies have been deposited with theVietnamese Library Association.

    la. The Vietnamese text of this work was next reproduced on flip-chartcardboard. 7he set of 19 boards measuring 65cm. x 1 m. has berm turnedover to the Vietnamese Library Association.

    lb. The charts were photographed by USIS, and rendered into 8 set ofl9 overhead projector transparencies measuring 20 x 25cm. Mese al40have been deposited with the Vietnamese Library Association.

    to tbc, photographic process a set: of 5 x 5 cm. trangparoucieswas also made. A sot has been deposited with the Vietnamese iihrlryAssociation.

    (During the first year of the library Development Activity's eperni.inoneed for standard gui,lelines in basic library erganiv,ation in ,;cbrY,1sani communities surfaced. A manual of what was intended to be basicand standard proposals was begun. As Originally conceived, a sootier,was to have dealt with ;ample documentation: another with basic onllor"-tionP: and still another with furniture design,4. Cho three eutrier,below represent the only parts or thi project which materiali7o0 ac-cording to the original design; and these have been u;ed well and widely.

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    ale basic collections emerged as separate entities, and they are hatedlater in this listing. The furniture designs for 12 basic pieces havebeen deposited in draft with the Vietnamese Library Association, fromwhich it is hoped such t helpful guide ultimately will appear.)

    2. Proposed Statute for Public Libr