AVOIDING PLAGIARISMJoanne F. ChristensenAdapted from power points by Marianne F. Bates & Joyce ValenzaJoanne F. ChristensenAdapted from power points by Marianne F. Bates , Joyce Valenza & Joy McGregor
The Problem of PLAGIARISM:
Students who plagiarize may not realize they have done anything wrong
What is plagiarism?
Representing someone elses ideas or words as your own.
What is plagiarism?Allowing someone else to copy your work or writing something for someone else.
What is self-plagiarism?Handing in the same work for more than one assignment (without permission from the teacher).
What is intentional plagiarism?Copying a friends work
Buying or borrowing papers
Cutting and pasting blocks of text from electronic sources without documenting
What is intentional plagiarism?Media borrowing without documentation
Web publishing without permissions of creators
What is unintentional plagiarism?Careless paraphrasing
Failure to use your own voice
ExampleA plagiarism scandal erupted at Southern Utah University at the end of 2012.
Students in the ESL program were accused of plagiarism and not being held accountable for it.
Results of PlagiarismThe responsible teacher was put on probation and the department launched an investigation.
SUU will seek specialized accreditation for the program, resulting in faculty with higher credentials.
Additional InformationThis year, Jonah Lehrer, a writer for The New Yorker magazine, lost his job for making up quotes.
In the last 10 years, 2 writers for the Salt Lake Tribune have lost their jobs.
--Salt Lake Tribune. 4 Dec 2012, 9 Dec 2012.
ExcusesIts okay if I dont get caught!I was too busy to write that paper!(Job, big game, too much homework!)My teachers expect too much!Ive got to get into ??? U.!My parents expect As!This assignment was BORING!
Everyone does it!
Why Academic Integrity?When you copy you cheat yourself. You limit your own learning.
The consequences are not worth the risks!
It is only right to give credit to authors whose ideas you use
Why Academic Integrity?Citing gives authority to the information you present
Citing makes it possible for your readers to locate your source
Education is not an us vs. them game! Its about learning to learn!
Cheating is unethical behavior
High School Plagiarism A study of almost 4,500 students at 25 schools, suggests cheating is . . . a significant problem in high school . . . 72% admitted to serious cheating on written assignments. Over half of the students admitted they have engaged in some level of plagiarism on written assignments using the Internet. -- Based on the research of Donald L. McCabe, Rutgers University
Is this important?What if:
Your architect cheated his way through math class. Will your new home be safe?
Your lawyer paid for a copy of the bar exam to study. Will the contract she wrote for you stand up in court?
The accountant who does your taxes hired someone to write his papers and paid a stand-in to take his major tests? Does he know enough to complete your tax forms properly?
--Lathrop and Foss 87
Three Keys to Avoid PlagiarismSummarize
Using Keywords To SummarizeUse your own words
Use common information from multiple sources
Write main ideas
Secrets of ParaphrasingUse your own words
Use different sentence structure and phrases than the source uses
Use paraphrasing to avoid quoting
Synonyms may also be helpful in paraphrasing
Common KnowledgeDo I have to give credit for everything I write?
No, you do not have to have credit for common knowledge such as:Barack Obama is president of the U.S.Salt Lake is the capital of Utah.The Mississippi is a river in Illinois.
Putting it together
Which is your project?
Summing up. . .Use summarizing, paraphrasing and quotations to help support your topic.
Do not overuse sources (remember Visualizing Synthesis).
Ask a teacher or librarian if you need help.
Good luck with your research!
Bates, Marianne F. Avoiding Plagiarism. Powerpoint. June 2007.
Combes, Barbara. Plagiarism and Grading Essays. Library List-serve e-mail. 17 May 2006.
Greene County Juvenile Justice Center. Image: Probation. . Web. 8 Jan 2013. http://www.greenecountymo.org
Jordan, Chris. At a Crossroad: Plagiarisms. Crossroads. Fall 2006, 3.
Journalism.org. Resources. 11 Nov 2006
KSL. Image of SUU. www.ksl.com Lathrop, Ann and Kathleen Foss. Student Cheating and Plagiarism in the Internet Era. Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited, 2000.
Maffly, Brian. Is Southern Utah University tolerating plagiarism by ESL students. Salt Lake Tribune. 4 Dec 2012. Web. 7 Jan 2013.
Mcentee, Peg. McEntee: Writing wrong: Utah teachers confront the plague of plagiarism. The Salt Lake Tribune. 9 Dec 2012. Web. 7 Jan 2013. McGregor, Joy. Visualizing Synthesis. Charles Sturt University. Slide Share. 2004. Web. 7 Jan 2012. http://www.slideshare.net/joymcg/visualising-synthesis
Microsoft Word 2000. Word Help. 10 Sep 2007