Avoiding Plagiarism in Research

  • Published on
    22-Feb-2016

  • View
    37

  • Download
    2

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Avoiding Plagiarism in Research. Plagiarism Definition. Taking and using the thoughts, writings, and inventions of another person as one's own Using someones ideas without citing or quoting; thereby, receiving credit for someone elses intellectual effort. How serious is the problem?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript

<p>Avoiding Plagiarism</p> <p>1Avoiding Plagiarismin Research12Plagiarism DefinitionTaking and using the thoughts, writings, and inventions of another person as one's own</p> <p>Using someones ideas without citing or quoting; thereby, receiving credit for someone elses intellectual effort</p> <p>23How serious is the problem?A study of almost 4,500 students at 25 schools, suggests cheating is . . . a significant problem in high school - 74% of the respondents admitted to one or more instances of serious test cheating and 72% admitted to serious cheating on written assignments. Over half of the students admitted they have engaged in some level of plagiarism on written assignments using the Internet.</p> <p>Based on the research of Donald L. McCabe, Rutgers UniversitySource: CIA Research. Center for Academic Integrity, Duke University, 2003.34Why is this a problem?For the studentfailure to achieve academic learning outcomestreated as academic misconductFor the teachera waste of timeFor the institutionthreat to reputation and value of degreesQuality assurance, regulations, and legislative context45Forms of plagiarismCopying from a single source</p> <p>Copying from several sources</p> <p>Paraphrasing</p> <p>Collusion</p> <p>56How to avoid plagiarismUse quotes for </p> <p>Information that comes directly from any source</p> <p>Words, spoken or written, that you use directly from another person</p> <p>Make sure you document the source67How to avoid plagiarismParaphrase</p> <p>Write the information in your own words, but do not change its meaning or intention </p> <p>Because you are using someone elses idea, always mention the source even if you use your own words78Common knowledgeAny information, fact, or statement that is widespread and known by a variety of people is considered common knowledge John Adams was the second president of USAThe Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941</p> <p>There is no need to give credit to information that is of common knowledge 89When should I cite?Is it your idea?NODo not citeIs it common knowledge?NoYesCite it!!910Accidental plagiarismUsing words from another source without indicating where they came from.</p> <p>Ways to avoid accidental plagiarism:Careful note takingA clear understanding of the rules for quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing sources1011When in doubt, cite.1112Plagiarism detection software</p> <p>1213Penalties for teachers, researchers and staffDismissal from serviceDemotion to the next lower gradeWarningFreezing of research grantsPromotions/annual increments of the offender may be stoppedUniversity may debar the offender from sponsorship of research funding, travel grant, supervision of Ph.D. students, scholarship, fellowship or any other funded programOffender may be Black Listed and may NOT be eligible for employment in any academic / research organizationNotification of Black Listing of the author may be published in the print media or may be publicized on different websites1314Penalties for studentsExpelled/ rusticated from the University and from joining any institution of Higher Education in PakistanRelegated to a lower classGiven a failure grade in the subjectFined an amountGiven a written warning if the offence is minor and is committed for the first timeDegree may be withdrawnNotification of plagiarism by the author may be published in the print media or may be publicized on different websitesUniversity may debar the offender from sponsorship of research funding, travel grant, scholarship, fellowship or any other funded program1415Good luck</p> <p>15</p>