Canon Eos 300D - A Short Course in Canon Eos Digital Rebel Photography

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Canon Eos 300D - A Short Course in Canon Eos Digital Rebel Photography

Text of Canon Eos 300D - A Short Course in Canon Eos Digital Rebel Photography

  • A S H O R T C O U R S E I N

    CANON EOS DIGITALREBEL PHOTOGRAPHY

    D E N N I S P . C U R T I NS H O R T C O U R S E S . C O M

    H T T P : / / W W W . S H O R T C O U R S E S . C O M

    COVER

    Bugs BunnyText BoxCopyright 2003 by Dennis P. Curtin. All Rights Reserved. Copying for distribution, or storing on any kind of electronic storage device, is prohibited without written permission.

  • ISBN: 1-928873-42-1

    SHORT COURSES PUBLISHING PROGRAM

    Short Courses is the leading publisher of digital photography books,textbooks, and guides to specific cameras. At the time this book waspublished, the titles in the box to the left were available from the ShortCourses bookstore at http://www.shortcourses.com/bookstore/book.htm.Those in boldface are available in both print and full-color eBook (PDF)versions. However, the list of cameras weve written about is rapidly expand-ing so be sure to visit the store to see if there is a book on your camera. If youfind any errors in this book, would like to make suggestions for improve-ments, or just want to let me know what you thinkI welcome your feed-back.

    CONTACT/FEEDBACK INFORMATION

    ShortCourses.com16 Preston Beach RoadMarblehead, Massachusetts 01945E-mail: [email protected] site: http://www.shortcourses.com

    COPYRIGHT NOTICE

    Copyright 2003 by Dennis P. Curtin. All rights reserved. Printed in theUnited States of America. Except as permitted under the United StatesCopyright Act of 1976, no part of this publication may be reproduced ordistributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrievalsystem, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

    CANON WEB SITES

    To learn more about the Digital Rebel, visit these Canon web sites:

    http://www.canoneos.com

    http://www.canon.co.jp/Imaging/BeBit-e.html.

    SHORT COURSEBOOKSCanon Cameras

    EOS Digital Rebel EOS 10D G5 G3 EOS D60 EOS D30 G2 G1 S300 S110 S100 S20 A5/A50Zoom

    Nikon Cameras

    D100 4500 5700 5000 995 990 950 880

    Olympus Cameras

    C-5050 C-4040 C-700 Ultra Zoom E-20 E-10 C-2100 UltraZoom C-3040 Zoom C-3030 Zoom C-2500L C-2040 Zoom C-2020 Zoom C-2000 Zoom

    Sony Cameras

    DSC-F717 DSC-F707

    Textbooks & General

    Digital DesktopStudio Photography Managing DigitalPictures with WindowsXP and Beyond Choosing and Using aDigital Camera UsingYour Digital Camera The DigitalPhotographersUltimate SoftwareCollection

    If you have enjoyed this book, weve also published others that you might enjoy. Two ofparticular interest are shown above. To learn more about them, go to the ShortCoursesbookstore at http://www.shortcourses.com.

    SHORTCOURSES PUBLISHING PROGRAM

  • III

    PREFACE

    A great photograph begins when you recognize a great scene orsubject. But recognizing a great opportunity isnt enough to captureit; you also have to be prepared. A large part of being preparedinvolves understanding your camera well enough to capture what you see.Getting you prepared to see and capture great photographs is what this bookis all about. It doesnt matter if you are taking pictures for business or plea-sure, theres a lot here to help you get better results and more satisfactionfrom your photography.

    To get better, and possibly even great photographs, you need to understandboth concepts and procedures; the whys and hows of photography.

    Concepts of photography are the underlying principles that apply regard-less of the camera you are using. They include such things as how sharpnessand exposure affect your images and the way they are perceived by viewers.Understanding concepts answers the why kinds of questions you mighthave about photography.

    Procedures are those things specific to one kind of camera, and explainstep-by-step how you set your cameras controls to capture an image just theway you want. Understanding procedures gives you the answers to thehow kinds of questions you might have.

    This book is organized around the concepts of digital photography becausethats how photographers think. We think about scenes and subjects, high-lights and shadows, softness and sharpness, color and tone. The proceduresyou use with the Canon EOS Digital Rebel, called the EOS 300D in somecountries, are integrated throughout the concepts, appearing in those placeswhere they apply. This integrated approach lets you first understand theconcepts of photography and then see step by step how to use the DigitalRebel in all kinds of photographic situations.

    To get more effective, interesting, and creative photographs, you only need tounderstand how and when to use a few simple features on your camera suchas focus, exposure controls, and flash. If youve previously avoided under-standing these features and the profound impact they can have on yourimages, youll be pleased to know that you can learn them on a weekend. Youcan then spend the rest of your life marveling at how the infinite variety ofcombinations they provide make it possible to convey your own personalview of the world. Youll be ready to keep everything in a scene sharp formaximum detail or to blur some or all of it for an impressionistic portrayal.Youll be able to get dramatic close-ups, freeze fast action, create wonderfulpanoramas, and capture the beauty and wonder of rainbows, sunsets,fireworks, and nighttime scenes.

    As you explore your camera, be sure to have fun. There are no rules orbest way to make a picture. Great photographs come from using what youknow to experiment and try new approaches. Digital cameras make thisespecially easy because there are no film costs or delays. Every experiment isfree and you see the results immediately so you can learn step by step.

    This book is about getting great pictures, not about installing batteries andconnecting your camera to your computer and using your software. Thatinformation is well presented in the user guide that came with your camera.Be sure to visit our Web site at www.shortcourses.com for even more digitalphotography information.

    PREFACE

    PHOTOGRAPHYON-LINE

    The contents of thisbook are constantlyupdated, en-hanced, andexpanded on-line.To learn moreabout digitalphotography, visitour ShortCoursesWeb site at www.shortcourses.com.

    The Canon EOS DigitalRebel is a full-featuredSLR with interchangeablelenses.

    The EOS Digital Rebelaccepts the full line ofCanon EF lenses.

  • CONTENTS

    IV

    CONTENTS

    Cover...iShort Courses Publishing Program...iiPreface...iiiContents...ivHow To Sections Quick Lookup...v

    CHAPTER 1CAMERA CONTROLS AND CREATIVITY...6

    The Digital Rebel Camera...7Jump Start: Using Full Auto Mode...8Good Things to Know...9Operating the Camera...10Using Menus to Change Settings...12Managing Your Images...13Selecting Image Quality and Size...15

    CHAPTER 2CONTROLLING EXPOSURE...21

    Understanding Exposure...22Choosing Exposure Modes...23Using Image Zone Modes...24Using Program AE and Program Shift...25Using Shutter-Priority (Tv) Mode...26Using Aperture-Priority (Av) Mode...28Using Manual Mode...30How Your Exposure System Works...31How Exposure Affects Your Images...34When Automatic Exposure Works Well...35When to Override Automatic Exposure...36How to Override Automatic Exposure...40Using Histograms...43

    CHAPTER 3CONTROLLING SHARPNESS...46

    Getting Sharper Pictures...47Sharpness Isnt Everything...49How to Photograph Motion Sharply...50Focus and Depth of Field...52Controlling Depth of Field...57Capturing Maximum Depth of Field...58Using Selective Focus...60Conveying the Feeling of Motion...61

    CHAPTER 4CAPTURING LIGHT & COLOR...62

    Where Does Color Come From?...63White Balance and Color Temperature...64Color Balance and Time of Day...67Sunsets and Sunrises...68Weather...70Photographing at Night...72The Direction of Light...74The Quality of Light...76

    CHAPTER 5UNDERSTANDING LENSES...77

    Canon Lenses...78Zoom Lenses...82Normal Lenses...83Wide-Angle Lenses...84Telephoto Lenses...86Portraits with a Telephoto Lens...87Tilt-Shift Lenses...88Lens Accessories...89How a Photograph Shows Depth...90

    CHAPTER 6USING AUTOMATIC FLASH...91

    How Flash Works...92Using Autoflash...93Portraits with Flash...95Using Fill Flash...97Using Slow Sync Flash...98Using Available Light...99Controlling Flash Exposures...100Using an External Flash...102

    CHAPTER 7EXPLORING CLOSE-UP PHOTOGRAPHY...104

    Macro Lenses and Accessories...105Focusing and Depth of Field...107Exposures and Backgrounds...108Arranging Lighting...109Using Flash in Close-ups...110

    CHAPTER 8OTHER FEATURES AND COMMANDS...111

    Continuous Photography...112Using the Set-up Menus...113Entering a Print Order...116Selecting and Creating Parameters...117Caring for Your Camera...119

  • Taking a Picture in Full Auto Mode 8

    Using Menus 12

    Reviewing Images 13

    Managing Your Images 13

    Giving a Slide Show on TV 14

    Selecting Image Quality 20

    Changing Exposure Modes 23

    Using Image Zone Modes 24

    Using Program AE (P) Mode 25

    Using Program Shift 25

    Using Shutter-Priority (Tv) Mode 27

    Using Aperture-Priority (Av) Mode 29

    Using Manual (M) Mode 30

    Using Exposure Compensation 41

    Using Autoexposure (AE) Lock 41

    Using Autoexposure Bracketing (AEB) 42

    Displaying Histograms 43

    Using Histograms 45

    Using the Self-timer/Remote Control 48

    Changing the ISO 48

    Increasing the Sharpnessof Moving Objects 51

    Selecting a Focus Point 55

    Using Focus Lock 56

    Using Manual Focus 56

    V

    HOW TO SECTIONS QUICK LOOKUP

    HOW TO SECTIONS QUICK LOOKUP

    Increasing Depth of Field 58

    Using Auto Depth-of-Field AE (A-DEP) 58

    Setting Your Lens to theHyperfocal Distance 59

    Zone