Dartington Neighbourhood Plan stayed largely the same until the coming of the railways in the mid 19th

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    Emerging Draft v 3

    Dartington Neighbourhood Plan

    January 2018

    Photo by Jane Parrish, Dartington Neighbourhood Plan Photography competition winner

    Contents: 1. Foreword 2. Planning Context

    2.1 National 2.2 Designated area 2.3 Timescale 2.4 Plan preparation 2.5 Supporting evidence 2.6 Dartington Neighbourhood Plan Context

    3. Vision 4. The aims/objectives of the plan 5. Heritage assets 6. Environment and Landscape 7. Housing, 8. Economy, 9. Transport and movement, 10. Open Space, Health and wellbeing,

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    1. General intro/history/foreword

    The parish of Dartington is in South Devon. Largely an agricultural area of low wooded rolling hills, it is bounded on the east by the river Dart, to the south by Totnes and the South Hams and to the north the higher tors of Dartmoor are visible. Predominantly land holdings are large, and settlement is widely scattered in small hamlets and farmsteads. It covers an area of approximately 4.75 square miles with a boundary of about 12 miles. Today the parish is crossed by an ancient network of small footpaths and lanes, with faster and more modern routes going mainly east/west and connecting settlements outside of the parish. Many residents travel to work outside the parish using the road and railway network, and there is a growing number of businesses in the parish building an intertwined localised economy based on a range of activities from food production to computer services. Archaeological evidence shows human occupation here 10,000 years ago when hunters preyed on the large herbivores which annually followed the river valley to the moors…. Almost 7000 years later their descendants constructed here the Iron Age fort to protect their produce and to watch over the ancient trade route which wound down from the moor to sea routes. The fort was abandoned but probably re- occupied by the Romans as they pushed westwards. The first written record dates from AD 833. In 1086, Domesday Book shows a settlement pattern which stayed largely the same until the coming of the railways in the mid 19th century. From then explosive changes began in transportation and settlement. In the second millennium AD Dartington’s fate was often tied to affairs of state in faraway London. In 1388 King Richard II granted the property to John Holand who built Dartington Hall to reflect his status and wealth. King Henry VIII granted the Estate to two of his wives in 1541 and 1542-8. By 1559 the Champernownes were the new occupants and their focus was on helping family (eg the Raleighs) in their piratical seafaring activities. By the 19th century the family was more settled and had more domestic interests. Their sons used to bring College friends home to the estate for holiday retreats, reflecting on current scientific and spiritual conjecture. One son for example, was to become the naval architect William Froude, whose hull designs grace most modern cargo ships. One of their visiting friends was John Henry Newman, who became a leader of the Oxford Movement and was beatified in 2010 in recognition for his services to the Catholic Church in England. Such explorations seem to have prefigured the 20th century scientific/economic regeneration undertaken by the Elmhirsts who bought the Estate in the 1920’s, restoring and augmenting its ancient infrastructure for a growing population. Dartington now acts as a magnet to craftspeople, artists and musicians, ecologists and educators, and therapists.

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    2. Planning Context 2.1 National Planning Context: A Neighbourhood Development Plan (NDP) is a community-led framework for guiding the future development of an area. It is about the use and development of land, and is based on an extensive process of identifying local needs and priorities. If an NDP successfully passes scrutiny by an independent examiner and then is subsequently approved by a local referendum, the Local Planning Authority will be required to take the Plan into account in the consideration and determination of planning applications and any subsequent appeals. Neighbourhood plans were introduced as part of the NPPF in 2012. NPPF para 7. There are three dimensions to sustainable development: economic, social and environmental. These dimensions give rise to the need for the planning system to perform a number of roles:  an economic role – contributing to building a strong, responsive and competitive economy, by

    ensuring that sufficient land of the right type is available in the right places and at the right time to support growth and innovation; and by identifying and coordinating development requirements, including the provision of infrastructure

     a social role – supporting strong, vibrant and healthy communities, by providing the supply of housing required to meet the needs of present and future generations; and by creating a high quality built environment, with accessible local services that reflect the community’s needs and support its health, social and cultural well-being

     an environmental role – contributing to protecting and enhancing our natural, built and historic environment; and, as part of this, helping to improve biodiversity, use natural resources prudently, minimise waste and pollution, and mitigate and adapt to climate change including moving to a low carbon economy.

    NPPF para 16. The application of the presumption will have implications for how communities engage in neighbourhood planning. Critically, it will mean that neighbourhoods should:

     develop plans that support the strategic development needs set out in Local Plans, including policies for housing and economic development

     plan positively to support local development, shaping and directing development in their area that is outside the strategic elements of the Local Plan

     identify opportunities to use Neighbourhood Development Orders to enable developments that are consistent with their neighbourhood plan to proceed

    The NP must meet the basic conditions set out in the NPPF which are: • have regard to national policies and advice contained in guidance issued by the Secretary of State; • contribute to the achievement of sustainable development; • be in general conformity with the strategic policies of the development plan for the area; • be compatible with European Union (EU) and European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) obligations.

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    2,2 Designated Neighbourhood Area The designated area for the Neighbourhood Plan is the Dartington parish boundary. This area was designated by the Local Authority on 5/6/14

    NOTE: We must get the right map with appropriate permissions

    2.3 Timescale

    The Neighbourhood Plan will have an effect for 15 years from 2014-2034. This is the same timescale as the Joint Local Plan:

    2.4 Plan preparation 2.4.1 The preparation of this NP has been led by Dartington Parish Council’s Neighbourhood Plan

    Steering Group. This group currently comprises Parish Council representatives Cllrs Anna Lunk, Ashton

    Chadwick, Peggy Prout, and Elaine Hopkins; while they were serving councillors Pam Gorman, and

    Joanne Tisdall were also involved. District Councillor and now Devon County Cllr Jacqi Hodgson has

    been the NP liaison (needs refining). Local people from different sections of the community (name them?

    or put a link to the SG document). The Steering Group has clear Terms of reference (ToR in appendix).

    As the Plan has evolved the Steering Group members have changed.

    2.4.2 The preparation of this NP has been informed throughout by a comprehensive programme of

    meetings and consultation. These have built on previous consultation in the parish such as the 1999

    Parish appraisal and the 2010 Dartington Community Action Plan.

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    Neighbourhood Plan meetings have included specific Task Group meetings open to all which report to

    the Steering Group meetings. Steering Group meetings have also been open to all and during 2015 and

    2016 were held monthly. Less frequent, but specifically focused Steering Group meetings have been

    held during 2017.

    Significant consultation events have included those in October and November 2014 to set up task

    groups; the Future Homes Conference February 2015; Destination Dartington Open day in February

    2015; The parish meeting of June 2015; Energy in Neighbourhood Planning consultation March 2016 in

    conjunction with Totnes Neighbourhood Plan; April 2016 consultation and Parish Housing Needs Survey

    event; Open Space Sport and Recreation Strategy consultation September 2016; Business survey (date)

    2017; Traffic survey (date), March 2017 Emerging Draft Consultation. Quiet Roads Survey

    October/November 2017. (All consultations, meetings and events to be detailed in the consultation

    document/consultation statement).

    The Neighbourhood Plan has a dedicated website and regularly has an input into the parish magazine.

    2.4.3 Still to be done. All the consultations summarized for the ‘Consultation Statement’, as required by

    the NP legislative requirements and available on the NP website.

    2.4.4 The outcomes of the consultations – key priorities (which have enabled us to create the vision etc)

    Needs a trawl through the website when I have time.

    2.4.5 What’s next in the process: ie produce a dra