English-Spanish Glossary

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  • Postsecondary Education

    English-Spanish Glossary

    July 2006

  • Glossary Introduction This glossary is maintained and supported by a group of organizations involved in student financial aid and in promoting access to higher education to Hispanics throughout the country: Cuban American National Council, National Association for College Admission Counseling, National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators, National College Access Network, National Council for Community and Education Partnerships, National Council of Higher Education Loan Programs, TG, and the U.S. Department of Education. These organizations created a workgroup of education, student financial aid, and Spanish-language experts, who drew upon and reconciled preexisting glossaries to develop a single, easy-to-use reference tool that could facilitate the creation of more consistent Spanish-language materials about higher education and student financial aid. Use of the glossary is entirely voluntary. A Word on the Translation Process This glossary uses standard Spanish; consequently, the workgroup strove to avoid anglicisms and Spanglish, which might not be meaningful to some Spanish speakers. During the glossarys development, however, challenges arose due to variation in education terminology used in different Spanish-speaking countries. Whenever feasible, the glossary seeks to accommodate these variations and to specify the region in which a particular term is used. There are concepts represented in the glossary that are unique to the American higher education and financial aid systems. Therefore, invention and compromise were required at times when translating terms that describe concepts having no precise equivalent in the education and aid systems of Spanish-speaking countries. Due to the variety of audiences and situations to which Spanish-language materials are directed, the glossary offers synonyms from different linguistic registers (or levels of formality). When necessary, the glossary also provides contextual and usage notes. Where multiple terms are provided, we trust the translator to use the term that best applies to a specific context and audience. Finally, in order to communicate a concept accurately, it may be necessary at times to include, in parentheses after the Spanish term, the original English term, or a definition in Spanish. For example: una escuela secundaria (high school, or grades 9-12), una institucin postsecundaria de dos aos (community college). Annual Review Process Anyone wishing to provide input about the glossary should submit his or her comments to Maria Luna-Torres at maria.luna-torres@tgslc.org by February 15 of each year. The initiative participants will establish a workgroup annually to evaluate the comments and review the glossary. An updated glossary will be released each year.

    Postsecondary Education English-Spanish Glossary 2

    mailto:maria.luna-torres@tgslc.org

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    Postsecondary Education English-Spanish Glossary 3

  • English Spanish

    -A-

    A-Number See Alien Registration Number (A-Number).

    ABA See American Bar Association

    abbreviation n. abreviatura

    ability to pay n. capacidad de pagar

    ability to benefit n. capacidad para beneficiarse

    ability-to-benefit test n. examen de capacidad para beneficiarse

    abuse (of funds) n. uso indebido (de fondos)

    AC Grant See Academic Competitiveness Grant

    academic acadmico

    Academic Competitiveness Grant n. Beca para el Fomento de la Competitividad Acadmica

    academic credit n. crdito acadmico

    academic load n. carga lectiva

    academic major n. especializacin acadmica

    academic year n. ao acadmico

    accelerate v. (loan) declarar el vencimiento anticipado (del prstamo), declarar (el prstamo) vencido anticipadamente

    acceleration n. vencimiento anticipado del prstamo

    acceleration clause n. clusula de vencimiento anticipado, clusula de aceleracin

    accept v. aceptar

    acceptance letter n. (for admissions purposes) carta de admisin

    access v. tener acceso a

    account n. cuenta

    account balance n. saldo de la cuenta

    account number n. nmero de la cuenta

    account owner n. titular de la cuenta

    account payable n. cuenta por pagar

    account receivable n. cuenta por cobrar, cuenta a cobrar, cuenta exigible

    accounting n. contabilidad

    accounting department n. departamento de contabilidad

    accredit v. acreditar

    accreditation n. acreditacin

    accrediting agency (o body) n. agencia (or organismo) de acreditacin

    accrual n. acumulacin, devengamiento

    accrue v. acumular(se), devengar

    Postsecondary Education English-Spanish Glossary 4

  • accrued interest n. intereses acumulados, intereses devengados

    acoustics n. acstica

    acquire (a debt) v. endeudarse, contraer una deuda

    acronym n. siglas

    ACT See American College Test

    act n. (legislation) ley

    Action Programs n. Programas Action

    Action Program Deferment n. aplazamiento de pago por servicio en el Programa Action

    active account n. cuenta activa

    active debt n. deuda activa

    active duty n. (military) servicio activo

    actual market value n. valor actual de mercado

    ADA See American Dental Association.

    adaptive development n. desarrollo de la adaptabilidad

    addendum n. (to promissory note) anexo

    additional child tax credit n. crdito tributario adicional por hijos

    address (permanent mailing address)

    n. direccin (direccin postal habitual), domicilio (habitual)

    address book n. libreta de direcciones

    addressee n. destinatario

    adjudicative body n. entitad jurdica

    adjusted gross income n. ingreso bruto ajustado

    adjustment n. ajuste

    administer v. (program) administrar; (exam) aplicar

    administrative forbearance n. indulgencia por motivos administrativos

    admission n. admisin

    admission application n. solicitud de admisin

    admission exam n. examen de admisin, examen de ingreso universitario

    admission requirements n. requisitos de admisin

    admission, open n. admisin libre

    Adobe Reader n. Lector de Adobe

    adopted child n. hijo adoptivo

    adoption n. adopcin

    adoption agency n. servicio de adopciones

    adoption payment n. pago de asistencia por adopcin

    adoptive parent n. padre o madre adoptivo, padres adoptivos

    advance v. (payment) anticipar, adelantar; n. anticipo, adelanto

    advance notice n. aviso

    Postsecondary Education English-Spanish Glossary 5

  • adverse credit history n. historial crediticio negativo (or desfavorable)

    advise v. aconsejar, asesorar, orientar

    aeronautical engineering n. ingeniera aeronutica

    aeronautical/aerospace engineering technology/technician

    n. tecnologa/tcnico de la ingeniera aeronutica y aeroespacial

    aerospace engineering n. ingeniera aeroespacial

    AFDC See Aid to Families with Dependent Children.

    affidavit n. declaracin jurada, afidvit

    African languages, literatures, and linguistics

    n. lenguas, literaturas y lingstica africanas

    AFROTC See Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps.

    agency n. agencia, organismo

    aggregate loan amount n. saldo total acumulado de los prstamos

    agreement n. acuerdo, convenio

    agricultural animal breeding n. cra de animales con fines agropecuarios

    agricultural engineering n. ingeniera agrcola

    agricultural operations n. operaciones agropecuarias

    agricultural plant breeding n. cultivo de plantas agrcolas

    agriculture n. agricultura (y otras actividades agropecuarias)

    agronomy n. agronoma

    aid n. (financial) ayuda (or asistencia) econmica

    aid program n. programa asistencial

    Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)

    n. Ayuda para Familias con Hijos Dependientes

    Air Force n. Fuerza Area

    Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps (AFROTC)

    n. Cuerpo de Oficiales Reservistas en Entrenamiento para la Fuerza Area (AFROTC)

    Air National Guard n. Guardia Nacional de la Fuerza Area

    ALAS See Auxiliary Loans to Assist Students.

    Alberta n. Alberta

    algebra n. lgebra

    alien registration number (A-Number)

    n. nmero de registro de extranjeros (nmero A)

    Alien Registration Receipt Card (I-551 or I-151)

    n. constancia de registro de extranjeros (I-551 I-151)

    alimony n. pensin alimenticia (del cnyuge divorciado)

    allocate v. destinar, asignar

    allocation n. (of costs or funds) asignacin

    allowance n. subsidio, asignacin; descuento, deduccin, reduccin

    Postsecondary Education English-Spanish Glossary 6

  • AMA See American Med