FALL OF THE SOVIET UNION (USSR) soviet union (ussr) fall of the . background } problems facing the ussr

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  • SOVIET UNION (USSR) FALL OF THE

  • BACKGROUND } PROBLEMS FACING THE USSR

    ▸  Non-Russian ethnic groups not assimilating

    ▸  Communist planned economy unable to meet demands of its nation

    ▸  Ideology of Communism never fully took hold of the Russian citizens.

  • AFTER WWII

    ▸  The Cold War

    ▸  Natural resources put towards the Nuclear Arms Race

    ▸  Economic stagnation

    ▸  Political stagnation

  • MIKHAIL GORBACHEV

    Elected President of the USSR in March 1985

  • GORBACHEV’S REFORMS

    PERESTROIKA (“RESTRUCTURING”)

    ▸  Opened up the economy to enterprise

    ▸  Encouraged international businesses to come into Russia and joint ventures

    ▸  Government still set prices and controlled many forms of production

  • GORBACHEV’S REFORMS

    GLASNOST (“OPENNESS” OR “TRANSPARENCY”)

    ▸  Multi-candidate elections

    ▸  Stopped military intervention to control satellite regions

  • RESULTS OF GORBACHEV’S REFORMS

    ▸  Many satellite countries began clamoring for independence

    ▸  1987 - Estonia’s government demands autonomy

    ▸  Beginning a trend for satellite countries to claim independence

  • “MR GORBACHEV - TEAR DOWN THIS WALL”

    President Ronald Reagan

    TEXT

  • THE COUP

    ▸  August 1991

    ▸  Communist group kidnapped Gorbachev

    ▸  Announced Gorbachev was ill and unable to govern

    ▸  Massive protests —> Communists called out the military

    ▸  Military join protesters

    ▸  Coup surrenders after 3 days

  • TEXT

    RESULTS

    ▸  Gorbachev resigned on December 25, 1991

    ▸  USSR dissolved by Jan. 1992

    ▸  15 independent nations emerge from the USSR