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  • GEO4240: 3D Seismic Interpretation Project

    STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY PROJECT: Jura reservoir in the Troll Field (block 31/2) Phase 1:

    • Geological framework (study key literature). • Interpret 2D seismic line SG8043-402 over the Horda-platform (through 3D). • Stratigraphic calibration in well 31/2-4 (SP 4070).

    Phase 2:

    • Interpret a series of chosen reflectors in vertical sections (a limited number of inlines and crosslines and the 2D line):

    o With well 31/2-4 as a starting point you have to identify and interpret: Base Eocene Base Tertiary Base Cretaceous Top Sognefjord Formation Top Brent Group

    It is difficult to discriminate between

    these horizons at the shoulders of the

    rotated fault blocks

    • Focus on the interpretation of the fault pattern in the fault block. It is not required to interpret faults on all In- and Cross-lines, but you should show in one or two figures the main fault patterns (vertical, horizontal, horizon slices).

    • Generate a random line along the 2D seismic line SG8043-402 and compare the 3D and 2D data. Discuss (observed) differences in resolution.

    • Correlate reflectors over the main faults and discuss when these faults were active.

    • Make time-structure maps of: o Top Brent Group - horizon. o Base Eocene – horizon (Most of the interpretation can be down using Automatic Seismic Area Picking (ASAP).

    • Study anomalies in the seismic response on the presence of gas and the lateral extent of the gas-reservoir. Use vertical and horizontal sections.

    • Check other seismic attributes than amplitude. • Use different tools for visualization of the interpretation (Geocube/GeoViz).

  • STRATIGRAPHY/SEDIMENTLOGY PROJECT: Miocene channels in block 35/8 Phase 1:

    • Geological framework (study key literature). • Interpret 2D seismic line SG8043-406 over the Horda Platform (through 3D). • Stratigraphic calibration of well 35/8-1 (SP 2780)

    Phase 2:

    • Interpret a series of chosen reflectors in vertical sections (a limited number of inlines and crosslines and the 2D line).

    o With well 35/8-1 as a starting point you have to identify and interpret Base Quaternary Base Pliocene Base Miocene Intra Oligocene

    • Focus on the interpretation of Miocene channels and Oligocene mud-diapirs. • Generate a random line along 2D seismic line SG8043-406 and compare the 3D

    and 2D data. Discuss (observed) differences in resolution. • Make a time-structure map of the base Miocene horizon. • Make a map that shows the thickness of the Miocene sequence (requires

    interpretation of base Pliocene). • Study the seismic response and the lateral extent of the Miocene channels and

    Oligocene mud-diapirs. Use vertical and horizontal sections and horizon slices. • Check other seismic attributes than amplitude. • Use different tools for visualization of your interpretation (GeoCube).

  • General guidelines for the interpretation report, course GEO4240 You will write one report per group containing the results of both projects. Each of you should

    take the responsibility for one project.

    I advice you to read the literature before you start the interpretation. The literature provides you

    with a lot of information that directly can help you with your interpretation. Do not wait to long

    before you start writing your report. When finished something, write it down!

    A typical structure/outline for the report is as follows:

    Introduction

    Text: Shortly about the objective of and approach to the project

    Figures: Location of the research area

    Geological setting

    Text: Short introduction to the geology (structure, stratigraphy, development) in the

    northern North Sea with special emphasis on the main approach to the problem

    (see literature list)

    Figures: Map + type profile(s) from the key literature

    Seismic interpretation

    Text: Seismic-well correlation

    Interpretation strategy/procedure

    Use of different interpretation techniques (Time slice, horizon slice, attributes)

    Figures: Seismic section through the well

    Seismic examples (different lines, slices)

    Results/discussion

    2D vs 3D comparisin

    Text: Comparison/discussion of seismic resolution

    Figures: Random line based on 3D seismic compared with the 2D seismic line present in

    the project

  • Structural or stratigraphic interpretation

    Text: Main results and important observations

    Figures: Seismic examples (vertical sections, horizontal sections, composed sections,

    horizon slices)

    Time-structure map on key-horizons (with and without interpolation)

    Eventually time-isopach (time-thickness) maps

    Attribute maps (dip, azimuth, etc.)

    Detailed interpretation

    Text: Special phenomena (channels, diapirs, faults, flat spots, etc.)

    Figures: Seismic examples

    Visualization (3D)

    Conclusion

    Text: Main results – what have you learnt….?

    References

    GEO4240: 3D Seismic Interpretation Project STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY PROJECT: Jura reservoir in the Troll Field (block 31/2) STRATIGRAPHY/SEDIMENTLOGY PROJECT: Miocene channels in block 35/8 General guidelines for the interpretation report, course GEO4240 Introduction Geological setting Seismic interpretation Results/discussion Conclusion References