GUIDANCE ON AIS/AIM TRAINING DEVELOPMENT guidance on ais/aim training development . using a competency-based

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  • GUIDANCE ON AIS/AIM TRAINING DEVELOPMENT

    USING A COMPETENCY-BASED MODEL

    DRAFT 1.0

  • -DRAFT- AIS/AIM Training Guidance Manual / Ver. 1.0 / Page i

    FOREWORD (TO BE DEVELOPED)

  • AIS/AIM Training Guidance Manual / Ver. 1.0 / Page ii

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    FOREWORD .................................................................... i

    Table of contents ........................................................... ii

    INTRODUCTION .............................................................. 1 OVERVIEW .............................................................................. 1

    GOALS OF THE MANUAL .............................................................. 1

    TARGET AUDIENCE OF THE MANUAL ............................................... 2 Regulators ................................................................................................. 2 Training and Course Providers ........................................................................ 3 Aviation Related Organizations ....................................................................... 3

    ASSUMPTIONS .......................................................................... 3

    STRUCTURE OF THE MANUAL ....................................................... 3

    PART ONE: THE BASICS OF COMPETENCY BASED TRAINING ........ 5 GOVERNANCE .......................................................................... 5

    OVERVIEW .............................................................................. 5

    COMPETENCIES ........................................................................ 5 Competency Definitions ................................................................................ 5 What is a competency? ................................................................................. 6

    COMPETENCY-BASED TRAINING ..................................................... 6 Competency Units ....................................................................................... 6 Competency Elements .................................................................................. 7 Terminal Objectives ..................................................................................... 7 Enabling Objectives ..................................................................................... 7 Learning Objectives ..................................................................................... 8

    TAXONOMY ............................................................................. 8 Training Levels ........................................................................................... 8

    FROM COMPETENCIES TO CURRICULA TO TRAINING ............................ 9

    COMPETENCY-BASED TRAINING STEPS ........................................... 10 Step One ................................................................................................. 10 Step Two ................................................................................................. 10 Step Three ............................................................................................... 11 Step Four ................................................................................................ 11 Step Five ................................................................................................. 12 Step Six ................................................................................................... 12

  • AIS/AIM Training Guidance Manual / Ver. 1.0 / Page iii

    Competency UNITS, Elements and Performance Criteria......... 13 THE FRAMEWORK ..................................................................... 13

    AIS/AIM COMPETENCY UNITS ....................................................... 13 Data and Information Management ................................................................ 13 Static Data Output ..................................................................................... 13 Dynamic Data Output ................................................................................. 13 Pre and Post Flight Information .................................................................... 13 Additional Products ................................................................................... 14 ARO........................................................................................................ 14

    PART TWO: Competency-Based Curriculum Design ............... 15 TYPES OF TRAINING .................................................................. 15

    Ab-Initio Training ...................................................................................... 16 Initial Training .......................................................................................... 16 Advanced and/or Specialized Training ............................................................ 16 Recurrent training ..................................................................................... 16 Refresher training ..................................................................................... 16

    CONSIDERATIONS ..................................................................... 17 Roles and Responsibilities ........................................................................... 17

    COURSE DEVELOPMENT ............................................................. 17 Assessing the pre-existing competencies of the trainees .................................... 18

    Language ...................................................................................................... 18 Training Objectives .................................................................................... 18

    Conditions of Performance ................................................................................. 18 Performance Criteria........................................................................................ 19 Standard ....................................................................................................... 20

    Establishing OJT Training Objectives ............................................................. 20 MODULES ............................................................................... 21

    Considerations in designing modules and course materials .................................. 21 SEQUENCING .......................................................................... 22

    TESTING ................................................................................ 22 Mastery Test ............................................................................................ 22 Progress Testing ........................................................................................ 23 Validity and Reliability................................................................................ 23 Test Format ............................................................................................. 24 Test Design .............................................................................................. 24

    COURSE MATERIALS .................................................................. 25 Production and Development of Material ........................................................ 25

    EXAMPLE OF AN AIS TRAINING PROGRAM ............ 25

    SECTION THREE ─ APPENDICIES ........................................ 26

  • AIS/AIM Training Guidance Manual / Ver. 1.0 / Page iv

    APPENDIX 1: AIS/AIM COMPETENCY FRAMEWORK............................ 27

    APPENDIX 2 -- ABBREVIATIONS AND DEFINITIONS .............................. 32 Abbreviations ........................................................................................... 32 Definitions ............................................................................................... 33

    APPENDIX 3 – TAXONOMY ........................................................... 42

    APPENDIX 4 – BIBLIOGRAPHY ....................................................... 46

    APPENDIX 5 – EVALUATION ......................................................... 47

  • -DRAFT- AIS/AIM Training Guidance Manual / Ver. 1.0 / Page 1

    INTRODUCTION

    OVERVIEW This manual has been created to provide guidance in developing competency based training for Aeronautical Information Services (AIS)/Aeronautical Information Management (AIM) staff members at various responsibility and performance levels and address global diversity. The competency-based approach in this manual has been developed to address the need for flexibility in the levels of training required.

    The development of competency based training and assessment is based on a systematic approach whereby knowledge, skills, and abilities ─ and their standards ─ are defined; performance is measured against the standards; training is based on the gaps between the required competency and current performance; and assessment tools for these competencies are developed to determine whether these competencies have been achieved after the training is conducted (See Figure 0.1). Throughout this manual, the term “knowledge” is generally considered to be information that is applied directly to the performance of a function. Skill is an observable competence to perform a task. Ability is the competence to perform an observable behaviour or a behaviour that results in an observable outcome. The competency- based approach to training has already been introduced in other fields of aviation activities such as flight crew training and licensing. The underlyi