History of Latin America Natives European Conquest Independence

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  • Slide 1
  • History of Latin America Natives European Conquest Independence
  • Slide 2
  • Native Empires Before European explorers came to the Americas, 3 empires flourished in what we now call Latin America Maya Inca Aztecs
  • Slide 3
  • Mayan Civilization
  • Slide 4
  • The Maya 250 AD 900 AD in Southern Mexico & Northern Central America Many cities Greatest = Tikal (Guatemala) Pyramid temples priests & nobles ruled ruins of over 40 found, many are tourist attractions today Economy based on agriculture & trade Contributions Math, calendars, astronomy Glyphs: picture writing on stones Wrote their history & honored gods
  • Slide 5
  • Mayan Pyramids
  • Slide 6
  • Aztec Empire
  • Slide 7
  • The Aztec Arose in 1300s AD in Central Mexico Capital was Tenochtitlan on island in lake (today Mexico City) Developed class system, emperor & military leaders ruled Farming: corn, tomatoes, cacao beans food of the gods (chocolate!) Spanish slaughtered Aztecs
  • Slide 8
  • Human Sacrifice
  • Slide 9
  • Aztec Calendar
  • Slide 10
  • Drama Mask
  • Slide 11
  • Mexican Coat of Arms
  • Slide 12
  • Inca EmpireInca God
  • Slide 13
  • The Inca From Ecuador-Central Chile, same time as Aztecs Capital - Cuzco (Peru), Machu Picchu is a huge tourist attraction today Built enormous temples, fortresses, roads into mountains Irrigation systems Many killed by Spanish
  • Slide 14
  • European Conquest Europeans explored the Americas & colonized much of it Spain & Portugal first Britain, France, Netherlands later Conquistadors (conquerors) destroyed Aztec (Hernan Cortes) & Inca (Francisco Pizarro) Spain took over the most territory Portugal settled in Brazil
  • Slide 15
  • Changing Culture European missionaries converted (forced?) Native Americans to Catholicism Catholic is main religion in Latin America today Taught European languages Spanish & Portuguese are main languages throughout Latin America Some English & French Set up schools & hospitals
  • Slide 16
  • Spanish Colonial Society See Chapter 8 Section 1 of World Civ Book