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How and when to use each type of pronoun Includes direct, indirect, reflexives, & relative pronouns 70+ exercises with correct answers to practice Greg Phillips A publication from Idioma PRO.com 1 st edition

Idioma PRO · Reflexive Pronouns 19 6. ... Reciprocal Actions 29 7. Passive Reflexive Voice 31 6. Demonstratives 1 ... ¡No lo puedo encontrar!

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  • How and when to use each type of pronoun

    Includes direct, indirect, reflexives, & relative pronouns

    70+ exercises with correct answers to practice

    Greg Phillips

    A publication from

    Idioma PRO .com

    1st edition

  • Hablar

    Greg Phillips

    A publication from

    Idioma PRO

    London Madrid Quito Mexico City Lima

    Rio de Janeiro Buenos Aires Santiago

  • Everything there is to know about Spanish Pronouns, 1st edition

    Publication: Buenos Aires, Argentina

    Copyright 2017

    Other titles from Idioma PRO:

    Idioma PRO: 50 Spanish Verbs

    Idioma PRO: Everything there is to know about Spanish Verbs

    Other titles in progress from Idioma PRO:

    Idioma PRO: Everything there is to know about Spanish Grammar

    Idioma PRO: Spanish Vocabulary Pt. I

    Idioma PRO: Spanish Vocabulary Pt. II

    Idioma PRO: Reading in Spanish

    Idioma PRO: Writing in Spanish

    Idioma PRO: Spanish Conversation

    All rights reserved. This publication may not be reproduced or copied in part or in whole by

    any electronic, mechanical, digitalization, recording, or photocopy process, nor may it be used,

    posted, published, or shared in any type of website or blog without previous written

    authorization from the author.

    Idioma PRO

    Idioma PRO

  • Introduction

    , and welcome to the 1st edition of Everything there is to know about

    Spanish Pronouns!

    As you advance in your Spanish studies, youll quickly find that in order to

    understand and, in turn, be understood, youll have to have a good handle on

    how Spanish pronouns work. But with so many different types and confusing

    rules, it can seem like a daunting task to keep them all straight.

    Idioma PRO: Everything there is to know about Spanish Pronouns, 1st edition

    was made to help you quickly summarize and review the key points about

    Spanish pronouns. The lesson pages visually show all the rules and examples

    that you need to know to help you understand how and when to use each type of

    pronoun. Furthermore, simple charts (with green headers in the center of each

    page) quickly sum up each lesson so you dont have to spend a lot of time

    reviewing later.

    You dont have to work through this book page by page from beginning to end in

    numerical order. You are obviously more than welcome to do so if you wish, but

    also feel free to pick out certain areas that give you trouble and skip directly to

    those lessons in particular.

    The lessons in this book are especially helpful when combined with the podcasts

    and other supporting material that continue being added to our website,

    www.idiomaPRO.com. The podcast lessons explain each grammatical concept

    more in-depth while the lesson pages serves as a quick summary for later.

    Good luck in your Spanish studies and keep learning like a PRO!

    Greg Phillips

    On behalf of Idioma PRO

    4

    http://www.idiomapro.com/http://www.idiomapro.com/http://www.idiomapro.com/http://www.idiomapro.com/http://www.idiomapro.com/

  • 1. Personal (Subject) Pronouns 7

    2. Direct Object Pronouns 9

    3. Indirect Object Pronouns 11

    4. Prepositional Pronouns 17

    5. Reflexive Pronouns 19

    6. Demonstrative Pronouns 33

    7. Possessive Pronouns 37

    8. Indefinite Pronouns 43

    9. Relative Pronouns 49

    Table of Contents

    5

    Appendix

    Summary of Spanish Pronouns 63

    Examples of Verbs with Pronouns 65

    Answers 68

    Introduction 4

  • Table of Contents: Detailed

    6

    1. Personal (Subject) Pronouns 7

    2. Direct Object Pronouns 9

    3. Indirect Object Pronouns 11

    2. Gustar and Similar Verbs 13

    3. Together with Direct Objects 15

    4. Prepositional Pronouns 17

    5. Reflexive Pronouns

    1. Reflexive Actions 19

    2. Changes of State 21

    3. Non-reflexive Uses 23

    4. Changes in Meaning 25

    5. With an Object 27

    6. Reciprocal Actions 29

    7. Passive Reflexive Voice 31

    6. Demonstratives

    1. Adjectives 33

    2. Pronouns 35

    7. Possessives

    1. Adjectives 37

    2. Adjectives (second form) 39

    3. Pronouns 41

    8. Indefinites

    1. Adjectives 43

    2. Variable Pronouns 45

    3. Invariable Pronouns 47

    9. Relative Pronouns

    1. Que 49

    2. Que (with prepositions) 51

    3. El que 53

    4. El que (with prepositions) 55

    5. El cual 57

    6. Quien 59

    7. Lo que/ Lo cual 61

  • 1. The t form is used to talk to a friend or

    close relative informally.

    2. The usted form is used to talk to someone

    formally. The person may be older, of

    important status, or simply a stranger.

    3. Vosotros is used only in Spain to talk to a

    group of people informally. In Latin America,

    ustedes (Uds.) is used with both formal and

    informal groups.

    are the protagonists of a sentence. They say who does the action of the verb.

    Subject Pronouns

    Singular Plural

    1st Yo Nosotros/as

    2nd (Informal) T Vosotros/as

    2nd (Formal) Usted Ustedes

    3rd l/ Ella Ellos/ Ellas

    2nd person: informal & formal

    Personal (Subject) Pronouns

    Examples:

    7

    Yo estudio espaol. Cmo ests t,

    amigo? Cmo est Ud.,

    Sr. Gonzlez?

    1.1

    Cmo ests t, amigo?

    Cmo est Ud., Sr. Gonzlez?

    Espaa: Hola a todos. Cmo estis vosotros?

    Lat. Amrica: Hola a todos. Cmo estn Uds.?

    Its optional to use these

    pronouns if there is a

    conjugated verb

  • Nosotras somos mejores amigas.

    Rewrite the sentences, replacing the names or the X in bold with a personal subject pronoun.

    Fill in the blank spaces with the correct subject pronoun.

    1. Raquel est enojada contigo. __________ no quiere verte.

    2. Qu piensas __________ de esto? __________ no lo entiendo.

    3. Mis abuelos llegan maana. __________ van a quedarse aqu dos das.

    4. dije que fue mala idea. Pero __________ no escuchaste.

    5. Mi jefe es tonto, pero __________ cree que es muy inteligente.

    6. y tu hermano estn en problemas. __________ dos van a pagar!

    7. Hablaste con Martn y Emma? __________ estaban buscndote.

    8. estoy de acuerdo contigo. __________ debemos hacer algo.

    9. Perdn, podra decirme __________ dnde est la oficina de correos?

    10. Elena y Javier han crecido mucho. No puedo creer qu tan altos __________ son! 8

    Personal (Subject) Pronouns

    Change the singular pronouns to their plural equivalent and vice cersa.

    1. t 5. yo 9. l

    2. Ud. 6. ella 10. yo

    3. vosotras 7. Uds. 11. nosotras

    4. nosotros 8. ellas 12. ellos

    1. [Sara y yo] somos mejores amigas.

    2. [Olivia y Lola] cantan en el coro.

    3. Todos [x] aqu deben mantenerse calmos.

    4. Seor Ramrez, [x] es una inspiracin para m.

    5. Amigo, [x] tienes que aprender a escuchar.

    6. [Juliana, Paulina, y Jorge] estudian ingls.

    7. He conocido a [Carla] desde hace diez aos.

    8. [Cristiano] es el mejor estudiante de la clase.

    9. [x] slo quiero vivir mi vida en paz.

    10. [T y Benjamn] siempre estn hablando.

    11. Seor y Seora Gmez, [x] pueden entrar.

    12. [Alejandro y Diego] viven en mi vecindario.

    1.1

  • tell on who or what the subject acts. The DO receives the action of the verb.

    Direct Objects

    Direct Objects

    Singular Plural

    (Yo) me (Nosotros) nos

    (T) te (Vosotros) os

    Usted lo / la

    Ustedes los / las

    l/ Ella Ellos/ Ellas

    1. The subject of the sentence says who or

    what does the action of the verb.

    2. The direct object says who or what directly

    receives the effect of the verb

    3. A direct object pronoun replaces the direct

    object (the specific noun) to avoid repetition

    in the sentence.

    4. The pronoun can be:

    Placed before a conjugated verb

    Attached directly to the end of an

    infinitive, gerund, or the imperative

    What are they? Examples:

    Julio usa la computadora.

    Subject: Who does the action? Julio.

    Dnde est mi celular? No lo puedo encontrar!

    Te doy mis gracias.

    Esa pelcula me parece bien. Quiero verla!

    Dnde est mi celular? No puedo encontrarlo!

    9

    Has visto la nueva pelcula?

    S, la vi anoche.

    Conoces a esos chicos?

    No, no los conozco.

    Dnde est mi celular? No puedo

    encontrarlo!

    Julio usa la computadora.

    Direct object: What does Julio use? The computer.

    Has visto la nueva pelcula? S, la vi anoche.

    Conoces a esos chicos? No, no los conozco.

    2.1

  • S, la hice. / No, no la hice.

    Answer the following questions affirmatively or negatively to say if you did the following things today.

    Rewrite the sentences using a direct object pronoun. For numbers 1-5, attach the pronoun to the

    end of the infinitive. For numbers 6-10, put it before the conjugated verb.

    10

    Direct Objects

    1. Ellos miran la pelcula. 9. No tenemos el dinero.

    2. Amo a mi esposa. 10. Alguien movi los martillos.

    3. l no visit a nosotros. 11. Ella hace los ejercicios.

    4. Uso la computadora. 12. Planchamos la ropa.

    5. Mi mam lava los platos. 13. Viste el juego ayer?

    6. Yo perd las llaves. 14. Bebo leche cada maana.

    7. T comes el sndwich. 15. Ella lleva el vestido ahora.

    8. Tomaste las vitaminas? 16. Yo no conozco a Ud.

    Replace the direct object in the sentence with a direct object pronoun.

    Ellos la miran.

    1. Hiciste la cama esta maana?

    2. Cerraste la puerta de la casa?

    3. Saludaste a los vecinos?

    4. Leste la revista GQ?

    5. Recogiste el correo del buzn?

    6. Viste a tus paps?

    7. Conociste al presidente de los EEUU?

    8. Miraste la televisin?

    1. Quiero leer el libro en paz.

    2. Deberas tomar las vitaminas.

    3. Vas a hacer la entrevista hoy?

    4. Podras cerrar la puerta?

    5. Tienes que lavar el coche.

    6. Mi mam quiere botar las revistas.

    7. Vamos a visitar a los chicos?

    8. Tienes que amar a tu esposa.

    9. Puedes comprar la bicicleta en la tienda.

    10. Queremos ver a Uds. pronto.

    2.1

    Quiero leerlo en paz.

  • 11

    Answers

    2. Ellas cantan en el coro.

    3. Todos Uds. aqu deben mantenerse calmos.

    4. Seor Ramrez, Ud. es una inspiracin para m.

    5. Amigo, t tienes que aprender a escuchar.

    6. Ellos estudian ingls.

    7. He conocido a ella desde hace diez aos.

    8. l es el mejor estudiante de la clase.

    9. Yo slo quiero vivir mi vida en paz.

    10.Uds. siempre estn hablando.

    11.Seor y Seora Gmez, Uds. pueden entrar.

    12.Ellos viven en mi vecindario.

    1. vosotros (Uds.) 5. nosotros 9. ellos

    2. Uds. 6. ellas 10. nosotros

    3. t 7. Ud. 11. yo

    4. yo 8. ella 12. l

    1. Ella 3. Ellos 5. l 7. Ellos 9. Ud.

    2. t, Yo 4. Yo, t 6. T, Uds. 8. Yo, Nosotros 10. ellos

    1. Ellos la miran. 9. No lo tenemos.

    2. La amo. 10. Alguien los movi.

    3. l no nos visit. 11. Ella los hace.

    4. La uso. 12. La planchamos.

    5. Mi mam los lava. 13. Lo viste ayer?

    6. Yo las perd. 14. La bebo cada maana.

    7. T lo comes. 15. Ella lo lleva ahora.

    8. Las tomaste? 16. Yo no lo conozco.