CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION
This chapter is about the description of the introduction. It is devided into seven sub sections. They are background of the study, statement of the problem, objectives of the study, scope of the study, method of research, definition of key terms and organization of the final project.
A Background of the Study The increasing need which is caused by the development of global era demands the global society to enhance their human resources quality in order to compete to other countries. Responding to this situation, the role of communication has become a part that can not be separated from this condition. As English has become a very powerful language in the world, it has become one of international language. Mohammad Reza Talebinezad and Mohammad Aliakbari (in Kurniawan Yudhi Nugroho, 2007:2) stated that English as International language means the use of English by people of different nations in order to communicate with one another. As the important of English in communication, it isnt difficult to see that the language is frequently used either to formal or informal places such as foreign companies, embassy office, tourist sector and many other places. Different from Malaysia, Singapore, India, and Thailand, they put English as their second
language as their language communication, while Indonesia puts English as its
foreign language. It is used as an instrument of utilizing modern sciences and technology for national development and it is also used as a means of
communication when Indonesian people want to communicate to people from overseas. No doubt that only a few Indonesian people master it, even most of them tend to ignore it, they used to think that foreign language isnt something important for their daily life and learning it will only waste time. However, nowadays, the assumption is gradually scraped off by the development of global era that demands the society to be more competitive and to be able to enhance their human resources quality. Therefore, the role of English is needed to face the globalization era, where it will be many new things happened in our nation. Since English recently is considered as foreign and important language for Indonesian, it has a major portion in Indonesian educational system and becomes a compulsory subject to be studied either in junior or senior high schools in todays Indonesian educational system. In learning English, there are four skills that should be mastered, they are: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Reading is one important skill in learning a language. It is also a means of recreation and enjoyment. At the same time it enlarges knowledge and improves the technological achievement. In order to develop reading skill, it is necessary to read many kinds of reading materials. Students should not only develop their reading skill through formal education and assignment in various school textbook, but they also should read fiction, free reading books, newspapers and magazines.
Although people read many kinds of reading materials and have interest in reading, actually they do similar things. They try to catch the meaning or the idea of the text. It means that they do not only interact with the written symbol, but they also use the knowledge to catch the meaning. The goal of reading for Indonesian students is to understand or comprehend the material of the test because reading comprehension is a bridge to understanding scientific books they read. The ability of the students in reading is very important because by having the ability to read, they will be able to improve their knowledge. Rauch and Weinstein consider that reading is a key to success for anyone who wants to be an educated person (1968:4) (In Dewi Ratnawati, 2006: 17-18). Reading needs practice and guidance or we can call it as intensive learning. The first we need to force ourselves to read. Reading activity will be easily done if we have motivation. Include motivation from ourselves, our teachers, or our environment. In teaching process, we can use many kinds of teaching models to generate students motivation. Now, the fact is not every students in Junior High School especially in SMP N 1 Kedungwuni succed to master it; therefore their reading achievement still bellow the standard. It happens because many students still have poor reading achievement. So, they cant understand many text in English well. However, the test item which is used in every final exam is about reading.
In order to help them to understand reading, the writer is interested to make a research entitled The Effect of Group Investigation Teaching Technique Toward Students Reading Achievement. This research presents a reading teaching strategy to junior high school students. In which it is going to be very fun and interesting for them. By providing Group Investigation as a teaching method in teaching reading to junior high school students, The writer hopes that it can make them feel happy to learn reading. The writer also hopes that it can give motivation to the students to learn reading. The use of group investigation will make the students active in their learning and to learn how they try to solve the problem together in a group. From the explanation above the writer assumes that the use of group investigation is one of the good and effective way to teach and to motivate them to study.
B. Statements of Problem The basic problems which the writer wants to discuss in this research are: 1. What is Group Investigation teaching technique? 2. How is the Implementation of Group Investigation teaching technique in teaching reading for the second grade students at SMP N 1 Kedungwuni? 3. Does the use of Group Investigation give a positive effect to the second grade Junior High School students reading achievement?
C. Scope of Study In this experiment, the writers main purpose is to find out whether group investigation teaching technique gives positive effect to the reading ability of the
second grade Junior High School students or not. So the writer sets the study only about reading and its teaching technique. Actually, there are many kinds of teaching technique which can be used to teach reading: such us Jigsaw Puzzle, Number head together, TGT, STAD, Group Investigatin, Talking Stick and so on. However, in this research, the writer chooses Group Investigation as the teaching technique. The writer chooses Group Investigation because the writer wants to find out whether Group Investigation gives positive effect to students reading ability or not. The writer sets the study this way in order to obtain detailed results on his research.
D. Objectives of study The objectives of the study of this thesis are: 1. To find out some data about Group Investigation. 2. To describe the implementation of Group Investigation teaching technique in teaching reading for the second year students at SMP N 1 Kedungwuni? 3. To find out whether the use of Group Investigation gives positive effect to the second grade Junior High School students ability in reading or not.
E. Method of Research The writer uses experimental method as method of research. Experimental research is a method of research which examines the relationship between two variables or more. In this research, the writer does a manipulation or treatment toward the independent variable. Independence variable is a variable which is manipulated on purpose in order to be known its effect toward the dependence
variable. On the other hand, dependence variable is a variable which is appeared as result of independence variable or response of independence variable (Nana Sudjana, 2008:24). The independence variable of the research is the implementation of the Group Investigation teaching technique while the students reading achievement is as the dependence variable of the research. The writer also take all of the second year students of SMP N 1 Kedungwuni in the academic year 2010 2011 as the population of the research. In order to make the research is easier to be investigated, the writer will take some students of the population as a sample. The samples in this research are taken from the population and the writer took two classes as samples, and each class consists of 30 students who are chosen by using random sampling technique. In this research the writer uses test items as the research instrument. To collect the data the writer uses a written test that is reading test in multiple choice form which consists of 30 items with 4 options A, B, C, and D.
F. Defintion of Key Term This chapter provides explanation of key terms. The terms are listed alphabeticall as follows: Achievement : the result of what an individual has learned from some educational experiences. Cooperative learning : The instructional use of small group so that students work together to maximize their own and each others learning (Johnson & Johnson, 1993:3)
: act of one who read
Group Investigation : One kinds of cooperative learning method that emphasize the participation and activities of students to find their own materials lesson which will be learnt through the available materials, for example from textbook or students can search through the internet.
G. Organization of Writing. Chapter I is introduction. The writer presents the background of the study, statement of the problems, formulation of the problem, scope of the study, objectivities of the study, method of research, difinition of key term and organization of the final project. Chapter II is the review of related literature. The writer presents the theories in writing this study. They are: review of related literature, framework thinking and the hypotesis. Chapter III is the methodology of the research. The writer presents the place and