1. Intensifying Cooperation between European Implementing AgenciesCommissioned by GIZ on behalf ofPractitioners Network for European Development CooperationPrepared byAndreas Obser12. Juli 2013
2. Final Report 2List of Contents1. Acronyms and abbreviations Fehler! Textmarke nicht definiert.2. Executive Summary 63. Introduction 74. Trends: proliferation and management of strategic partnerships and international networks 95. Mapping: common and unique features of PN members 125.1. Domestic legislation, overall policy statements, and institutional organisation 125.2. Cooperation instruments and modes of delivery 165.3. Other forms of implementation: delegated cooperation, blending, private sector and trilateral cooperation 165.4. Implementation management: project planning, RBA, knowledge sharing and decentralisation 195.5. Focused approach: Region/Country and Sector/Theme 226. Taking stock: cooperation and coordination of PN members 246.1. Motivation to cooperate with bilateral member agencies, EU or other partners 246.2. Existing cooperation with other PN members 257. Lessons learned: intensifying cooperation and coordination 287.1. Obstacles for cooperation and coordination 287.2. Life cycle and main functions of the PN 297.3. Effectiveness and efficiency of the PN 338. Way forward: tools and strategies to mitigate legal and administrative obstacles 358.1. Widen and combine the range of PN member agencies cooperation mechanisms 358.2. Use more flexible cooperation mechanisms: Mutual Recognition Arrangements (MRA) 389. Preliminary conclusions and recommendations 39Annex 1: Documentation 45Annex 2: List of institutions and experts consulted 55Annex 3: Indicative application of a network functions approach to PN 60Annex 4: PN Member Fact Sheets 62Annex 4.1.: ADA 63Annex 4.2.: AECID 69Annex 4.3.: AFD 76Annex 4.4.: BTC 83Annex 4.5.: CzDA 92Annex 4.6.: DFID 98Annex 4.7.: EuropeAid 102Annex 4.8.: GIZ 119Annex 4.9.: KfW 129Annex 4.10.: LuxDev 137Annex 4.11.: SAIDC 143
3. Final Report 31. Acronyms and AbbreviationsADA Austrian Development AgencyAdetef Assistance Technique FranceAECID Agencia Espaola de Cooperacin Internacional para el DesarrolloAEI Agency for European Integration and Economic Development (Austria)AFD Agence Franaise de DveloppementAIF Asia Investment FacilityAusAID Australian Agency for International DevelopmentBAR Bilateral Aid Review (of DFID)BIO Belgian Investment Company for Developing CountriesBMI Belgian Corporation for International InvestmentBMZ German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and DevelopmentBSTDB The Black Sea Trade and Development BankBTC Belgian Development AgencyCDC CDC Group plc (UK)CDR Congo Democratic RepublicCIF Climate Investment FundCOFIDES Compaa Espaola de Financiacin del Desarrollo (Spain)Cames Instituto da Cooperao e da Lngua (Portugal)CPVA Central Project Management Agency (Lithuania)CzDA Czech Development AgencyDEG DEG - Deutsche Investitions- und Entwicklungsgesellschaft mbH (Germany)DEVCO DG Development and Cooperation - EuropeAidDFID UK Department for International DevelopmentEDFI Association of European Development Finance InstitutionsEEAS European External Action ServiceEFQM European Foundation for Quality ManagementEFP European Financing Partners S.A.EPLC European Public Law Centre (Greece)EnDev Energising Development
4. Final Report 4EUBEC EU Platform for Blending in External CooperationEU COM European CommissionEUNIDA European Network of Implementing Development AgenciesFCI France Coopration Internationale (France)FEI France Expertise Internationale (France)FIIAPP Fundacin Internacional y para Iberoamrica de Administracin y Polticas Pblicas (Spain)FINNFUND Finnish Fund for Industrial Cooperation Ltd (Finland)FMO Netherlands Development Finance CompanyGIZ Deutsche Gesellschaft fr Internationale ZusammenarbeitGPEDC Global Partnership for Effective Development CooperationGPLG Global Programs Learning GroupHUN-IDA Hungarian International Development Assistance (Hungary)ICCF Interact Climate Change Facility S.A.IFU The Investment Fund for Developing CountriesIPAD Instituto Portugus de Apoio ao Desenvolvimento (Portugal)ITF Infrastructure Trust FundJDF Joint Framework Document (EU)JFA Joint-Financing Arrangements (of Nordic+)KfW Kreditanstalt fr WiederaufbauLAIF Latin America Investment FacilityLHI Legal Harmonization InitiativeLuxDev Luxembourg Agency for Development CooperationMAR Multilateral Aid Review (of DFID)MFA IT (Directorate-General for Development Cooperation of the) Italian Ministry of Foreign AffairsMFA NL (Directorate-General for International Cooperation of the) Dutch Ministry of Foreign AffairsMFA NO Norwegian Ministry of Foreign AffairsMFF Multiannual Financial Framework 2014-2010MRA Mutual Reliance ArrangementMRI Mutual Reliance InitiativeNFA network functions approach
5. Final Report 5NIF Neighbourhood Investment FacilityNLA Dutch NL Agency (division of the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs)Norfund Norwegian Investment Fund for Developing CountriesOeEB The Development Bank of AustriaPN Practitioners Network for European Development CooperationPROPARCO Socit de Promotion et de Participation pour la Coopration Economique (France)ROM Results-Oriented Monitoring (EuropeAid)SAIDC Slovak Agency for International Development CooperationSDC Swiss Agency for Development and CooperationSIFEM Swiss Investment Fund for Emerging MarketsSIMEST Societ Italiana per le Imprese all'Estero (Italy)SNV Netherlands Development OrganisationSOFID Sociedade para o Financiamento do Desenvolvimento (Portugal)SWEDFUND Swedfund International AB (Sweden)TCX The Currency Exchange Fund (Netherlands)VNG VNG International (Netherlands)
6. Final Report 62. Executive Summary The Practitioners Network (PN) is an essential tool to improve development services and outcomes. Two network roles make the PN particularly valuable: first, learning among the members and secondly, amplifying the voice of the members. In the wake of the European ,Agenda for Change and the post-Busan Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation, the three key themes of the PN - (i) division of labour, (ii) sustainable energy, and (iii) results-based management - remain most relevant. New themes like blending of grants and loans or ,knowledge sharing receive increasing interest inside and outside of the PN. PN member agencies have adopted different approaches to cooperate and coordinate, reflecting their mandates, domestic policy frameworks, and different modes of delivery. Challenges relate to members different practices of operational forward planning and implementation or different systems for quality assurance. Domestic requirements for accountability also affect member agencies choice to cooperate. Good practices refer to the mutual recognition of procedures, partnership agreements on professional training, staff exchange or benchmarking missions among PN member agencies. The report recommends focusing on concrete, practical and innovative solutions; relying on light, agile and informal practices of cooperation and coordination; do not duplicating efforts of other initiatives already underway, yet coordinating with other networks working on similar topics; so focus on the specific value added that the operational planning and management expertise of the PN can provide. Recommended tools to mitigate legal- and administrative obstacles are derived from two strategies: (i) to widen and combine the PN member agencies cooperation mechanisms and (ii) to use new and more flexible cooperation mechanisms, such as Mutual Recognition Arrangements (MRA).
7. Final Report 73. IntroductionThis study responds to the request of the EU Practitioners Network to take stock of the cooperation of the member agencies. It provides an overview of recent trends, the range of existing cooperation mechanisms and preliminary lessons learnt from a vast number of experiences: Austrian Development Agency (ADA); Agencia Espaola de Cooperacin Internacional para el Desarrollo (AECID); Agence Franaise de Dveloppement (AFD); Belgian Development Agency (BTC); Czech Development Agency (CzDA); DG Development and Cooperation (DEVCO/EuropeAid); UK Department for International Development (DFID); Deutsche Gesellschaft fr Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ); Kreditanstalt fr Wiederaufbau (KfW); Luxembourg Agency for Development Cooperation (LuxDev); and Slovak Agency for International Development Cooperation (SAIDC). Adetef, the French public technical assistance agency joined the network in April 2013.(i) Background. The Practitioners Network (PN) is composed of European public institutions and public agencies in charge of the implementation of bilateral Official Development Assistance, and joined by the European Commission (COM). It offers a unique platform for knowledge exchange (for example experiences and good practices) and offers the European Commission a contact point to communicate with (and get feedback from) different bilateral EU implementing agencies.There have recently been a lot of changes in the field of development cooperation with the setup of the EEAS, the merger of DG DEV and AIDCO to DG DEVCO, the preparation of the Multiannual Financial Framework 2014-20, and the three communications of the European Commission on how to increase the impact of EU development policy ("Agenda for Change"), the "Future Approach to EU Budget Support", and "Trade, Growth and Development". In addition, the UN Conference on Climate Change in Durban, and the 4th HLF on Aid Effectiveness in Busan, held in 2011. The Arab Spring challenged European cooperation with the MENA-region.The European implementing agencies take part in the efforts to adapt to the new European and global context for aid and international cooperation, and collaboration between them is of utmost importance, especially in a context of strong budgetary constraints. The role of the N