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9 789287 034663

ISBN 978-92-870-3466-3

Intern

ational Trad

e Statistics 2008

World

Trade O

rganiza

tion

International

Trade

Statistics

2008

2008

“International Trade Statistics 2008” offers a comprehensive overview of the latest developments in

world trade, covering the details of merchandise trade by product and trade in commercial services by

category. Each chapter is introduced by a highlights section that identifi es the most salient trends in

the data and illustrates them with numerous charts and maps. There is also a methodological chapter

that explains essential concepts and defi nitions used in compiling the statistics, and an appendix with

detailed data on trade by region up to 2007.

This year’s edition expands the coverage of merchandise trade, including new tables on exports and

imports of food and fuels by selected economies. All data used in the publication, as well as additional

charts not included in the book, can be downloaded from the WTO web site at stat.wto.org. With these

additions, “International Trade Statistics 2008” will continue to serve as an invaluable reference for

researchers, policy makers, and anyone interested in international trade.

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100000

120000

0.0 00

50.00

100.00

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200.00000

250.2 000 0000

300.0.333 0000

350.500 00

International

Trade

Statistics

2008

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ii

This report is also available in French and Spanish:

Statistiques du commerce international 2008 ISBN 978 - 92 - 870 - 3467 - 0

Estadísticas del comercio internacional 2008 ISBN 978 - 92 - 870 - 3468 - 7

Price: CHF 50.-

To order, please contact:

WTO Publications

World Trade Organization

154, rue de Lausanne

CH-1211 Geneva 21

Tel: (41 22) 739 52 08

Fax: (41 22) 739 54 58

Email: [email protected]

This publication is available online at

http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/its2008_e/its08_toc_e.htm

Further enquiries can be addressed to [email protected]

ISBN 978 - 92 - 870 - 3466- 3

Printed by the WTO Secretariat – 7196.08

© 2008 World Trade Organization

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iii

WTO Members (As of 23 July 2008)

Albania

Angola

Antigua and Barbuda

Argentina

Armenia

Australia

Austria

Bahrain, Kingdom of

Bangladesh

Barbados

Belgium

Belize

Benin

Bolivia

Botswana

Brazil

Brunei Darussalam

Bulgaria

Burkina Faso

Burundi

Cambodia

Cameroon

Canada

Central African Republic

Cape Verde

Chad

Chile

China

Colombia

Congo

Costa Rica

Côte d’Ivoire

Croatia

Cuba

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Denmark

Djibouti

Dominica

Dominican Republic

Ecuador

Egypt

El Salvador

Estonia

European Communities

Fiji

Finland

Former Yugoslav Republic

of Macedonia (FYROM)

France

Gabon

The Gambia

Georgia

Germany

Ghana

Greece

Grenada

Guatemala

Guinea

Guinea Bissau

Guyana

Haiti

Honduras

Hong Kong, China

Hungary

Iceland

India

Indonesia

Ireland

Israel

Italy

Jamaica

Japan

Jordan

Kenya

Korea, Republic of

Kuwait

Kyrgyz Republic

Latvia

Lesotho

Liechtenstein

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Macao, China

Madagascar

Malawi

Malaysia

Maldives

Mali

Malta

Mauritania

Mauritius

Mexico

Moldova

Mongolia

Morocco

Mozambique

Myanmar

Namibia

Nepal

Netherlands

New Zealand

Nicaragua

Niger

Nigeria

Norway

Oman

Pakistan

Panama

Papua New Guinea

Paraguay

Peru

Philippines

Poland

Portugal

Qatar

Romania

Rwanda

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Lucia

Saint Vincent & the Grenadines

Saudi Arabia

Senegal

Sierra Leone

Singapore

Slovak Republic

Slovenia

Solomo Islands

South Africa

Spain

Sri Lanka

Suriname

Swaziland

Sweden

Switzerland

Chinese Taipei

Tanzania

Thailand

Togo

Tonga

Trinidad and Tobago

Tunisia

Turkey

Uganda

Ukraine

United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom

United States of America

Uruguay

Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of

Viet Nam

Zambia

Zimbabwe

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iv

Acknowledgements

This publication has been prepared under the general direction of Hubert Escaith, Chief Statistician. Andreas Maurer was

responsible for the coordination of the statistical report, and Vuddha Meach supervised the overall table, chart and map production,

with the assistance of Jonathan Enrique Ford, Xuexue Luo and Ying Yan. The statistical research and data compilation were

conducted by Barbara d’Andrea-Adrian, Christophe Degain, Joscelyn Magdeleine, Yann Marcus, Coleman Nee, Ninez Piezas-Jerbi

and Bekele Tamenu.

Acknowledgements are due to the multilateral and national institutions for providing statistics and the “International Trade

Statistics” users for their comments on previous editions. The International Trade Statistics Section also wishes to thank Michael

Finger, Anthony Martin and other colleagues for their comments and suggestions during the production of this publication. For

detailed statistical sources used in this report, see Chapter IV Metadata.

Thanks are also due to the Information and Media Relations Division and in particular WTO’s printing facilities for the

production, and the French and Spanish translators in the Language Services and Documentation Division for rendering the report

in the WTO’s other offi cial languages.

This publication is also available online at http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/its2008_e/its08_toc_e.htm

If you would like more information on the contents of this report or if you have any comments or suggestions for improvement

please contact the International Trade Statistics Section ([email protected]).

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Table of contents

I. WORLD TRADE DEVELOPMENTS – WORLD TRADE IN 2007

Highlights 1

1. Overview 7

2. Trade by region 8

3. Leading traders 12

4. Bilateral trade of leading traders 16

5. Regional Trade Agreements 23

6. Least-developed countries 30

7. Foreign affi liates trade in services 34

II. MERCHANDISE TRADE BY PRODUCT

Highlights 37

1. Overview 43

2. Agricultural products 48

2.1 Food 54

3. Fuels and mining products 59

3.1 Fuels 60

4. Manufactures 64

4.1 Iron and steel 71

4.2 Chemicals 74

4.3 Offi ce and telecom equipment 77

4.3.1 EDP equipment 83

4.3.2 Telecommunications equipment 88

4.3.3 Integrated circuits and electronic components 93

4.4 Automotive products 98

4.5 Textiles 104

4.6 Clothing 112

III. TRADE IN COMMERCIAL SERVICES BY CATEGORY

Highlights 119

1. Overview 125

2. Transportation services 126

3. Travel 130

4. Other commercial services 135

4.1 Communications services 139

4.1.1 Telecommunications services 140

4.2 Construction 141

4.3 Insurance services 143

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4.4 Financial services 145

4.5 Computer and information services 147

4.5.1 Computer services 149

4.6 Royalties and licence fees 150

4.7 Other business services 152

4.8 Personal, cultural and recreational services 155

4.8.1 Audiovisual services 157

IV. METADATA

1. Composition of geographical and economic groupings 159

2. Defi nitions and methods 163

2.1 Merchandise trade 163

2.1.1 Exports and imports 163

2.1.2 Products 163

2.1.3 World trade network 165

2.1.4 Merchandise trade of selected major traders by product, region and major trading partner (Appendix tables A18 to A28) 165

2.1.5 Merchandise trade in balance of payments statistics 165

2.2 Trade in commercial services 166

2.2.1 Trade in commercial services between residents and non residents of an economy 167

2.2.2 Foreign affi liates trade in services statistics 169

2.3 Other defi nitions and methods 169

2.3.1. Annual changes 169

2.3.2 Prices 169

2.3.3 World merchandise trade indices 169

2.3.4 World production 169

2.3.5 World gross domestic product 170

2.3.6 Re-exports and reimports 170

3. Specifi c notes for selected economies 171

3.1 Merchandise trade statistics of the European Union 171

3.2 Egypt’s export processing zone 171

3.3 Trade of South Africa with SACU (South African Customs Union) 171

3.4 Major breaks in data continuity of merchandise trade 171

3.5 Trade in insurance services of the United States 172

3.6 Travel exports and transportation services exports and imports of Japan 172

3.7 Trade in other commercial services of India 172

3.8 Trade in commercial services of United Arab Emirates 172

4. Statistical sources 173

Appendix 175

World maps 237

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List of tables

I. WORLD TRADE DEVELOPMENTS – WORLD TRADE IN 2007

Highlights

1. Overview

Table I.1 Growth in the volume of world merchandise exports and production, 2000-2007 7

Table I.2 Growth in the volume of world merchandise trade by selected region and economy, 2000-2007 7

2. Trade by region

Table I.3 World merchandise trade and trade in commercial services by region and selected economy, 2007 8

Table I.4 Intra- and inter-regional merchandise trade, 2007 9

Table I.5 Shares of regional trade fl ows in world merchandise exports, 2007 9

Table I.6 World merchandise exports by region and selected economy, 1948, 1953, 1963, 1973, 1983,

1993, 2003 and 2007 10

Table I.7 World merchandise imports by region and selected economy, 1948, 1953, 1963, 1973, 1983,

1993, 2003 and 2007 11

3. Leading traders

Table I.8 Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade, 2007 12

Table I.9 Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade (excluding intra-EU (27) trade), 2007 13

Table I.10 Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services, 2007 14

Table I.11 Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services

(excluding intra-EU (27) trade), 2007 15

4. Bilateral trade of leading traders

Table I.12 Merchandise trade of Canada by origin and destination, 2007 16

Table I.13 Merchandise trade of the United States by origin and destination, 2007 17

Table I.14 Merchandise trade of the European Union (27) by origin and destination, 2007 18

Table I.15 Merchandise trade of Japan by origin and destination, 2007 19

Table I.16 Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination, 2006 20

5. Regional Trade Agreements

Table I.17 Merchandise exports of NAFTA countries by destination, 1990-2007 23

Table I.18 Merchandise exports of MERCOSUR countries by destination, 1990-2007 24

Table I.19 Merchandise imports of MERCOSUR countries by origin, 1990-2007 25

Table I.20 Merchandise exports of Andean Community countries by destination, 1990-2007 26

Table I.21 Merchandise imports of Andean Community countries by origin, 1990-2007 27

Table I.22 Merchandise exports of ASEAN countries by destination, 1990-2007 28

Table I.23 Merchandise imports of ASEAN countries by origin, 1990-2007 29

6. Least-developed countries

Table I.24 Ratio of exports of goods and commercial services to GDP of the least-developed countries, 2006 30

Table I.25 Merchandise exports and imports of the least-developed countries by selected country grouping, 2007 31

Table I.26 Imports of agricultural products, fuels and manufactures of the European Union (27), Asia and

North America from the least-developed countries, 2007 32

Table I.27 Exports of commercial services of the least-developed countries by category, 2006 33

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7. Foreign affi liates trade in services

Table I.28 Sales by foreign affi liates of resident companies - affi liates located abroad primarily engaged in services

activities (outward FATS), 2003-2005 34

Table I.29 Sales by affi liates of foreign companies - resident affi liates primarily engaged in services

activities (inward FATS), 2003-2005 35

II. MERCHANDISE TRADE BY PRODUCT

Highlights

1. Overview

Table II.1 World merchandise exports by major product group, 2007 43

Table II.2 World merchandise exports by major product group and region, 2007 44

Table II.3 Share of agricultural products in trade in total merchandise and in primary products by region, 2007 45

Table II.4 Share of fuels and mining products in trade in total merchandise

and in primary products by region, 2007 45

Table II.5 Share of fuels in trade in total merchandise and in primary products by region, 2007 45

Table II.6 Share of manufactures in total merchandise trade by region, 2007 45

Table II.7 Share of iron and steel in trade in total merchandise and in manufactures by region, 2007 46

Table II.8 Share of chemicals in trade in total merchandise and in manufactures by region, 2007 46

Table II.9 Share of offi ce and telecom equipment in trade in total merchandise

and in manufactures by region, 2007 46

Table II.10 Share of automotive products in trade in total merchandise and in manufactures by region, 2007 46

Table II.11 Share of textiles in trade in total merchandise and in manufactures by region, 2007 47

Table II.12 Share of clothing in trade in total merchandise and in manufactures by region, 2007 47

2. Agricultural products

Table II.13 Exports of agricultural products of regions by destination, 2007 48

Table II.14 Imports of agricultural products of selected economies by origin, 2007 49

Table II.15 Leading exporters and importers of agricultural products, 2007 51

Table II.16 Exports of agricultural products of selected economies, 1990-2007 52

Table II.17 Imports of agricultural products of selected economies, 1990-2007 53

2. 1 Food

Table II.18 Exports of food of regions by destination, 2007 54

Table II.19 Imports of food of selected economies by origin, 2007 55

Table II.20 Leading exporters and importers of food, 2007 56

Table II.21 Exports of food of selected economies, 1990-2007 57

Table II.22 Imports of food of selected economies, 1990-2007 58

3. Fuels and mining products

Table II.23 Exports of fuels and mining products of regions by destination, 2007 59

3. 1 Fuels

Table II.24 Imports of fuels of selected economies by origin, 2007 60

Table II.25 Imports of fuels of selected regions and economies from the Middle East, 2000 and 2007 61

Table II.26 Exports of fuels of selected economies, 1990-2007 62

Table II.27 Imports of fuels of selected economies, 1990-2007 63

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4. Manufactures

Table II.28 Exports of manufactures of regions by destination, 2007 64

Table II.29 Trade in manufactures of the United States, the European Union (27) and China by origin and

destination, 2007 65

Table II.30 Imports of manufactures of selected economies by origin, 2007 66

Table II.31 Leading exporters and importers of manufactures, 2007 68

Table II.32 Exports of manufactures of selected economies, 1990-2007 69

Table II.33 Imports of manufactures of selected economies, 1990-2007 70

4.1 Iron and steel

Table II.34 Exports of iron and steel of selected regions and economies by destination, 2007 71

Table II.35 Imports of iron and steel of the European Union (27) and the United States by origin, 2007 72

Table II.36 Leading exporters and importers of iron and steel, 2007 73

4.2 Chemicals

Table II.37 Exports of chemicals of selected regions and economies by destination, 2007 74

Table II.38 Leading exporters and importers of chemicals, 2007 75

Table II.39 Leading exporters and importers of pharmaceuticals, 2007 76

4.3 Offi ce and telecom equipment

Table II.40 Exports of offi ce and telecom equipment of selected regions and economies by destination, 2007 77

Table II.41 Imports of offi ce and telecom equipment of selected economies by origin, 2007 78

Table II.42 Leading exporters and importers of offi ce and telecom equipment, 2007 80

Table II.43 Exports of offi ce and telecom equipment of selected economies, 1990-2007 81

Table II.44 Imports of offi ce and telecom equipment of selected economies, 1990-2007 82

4.3.1 EDP equipment

Table II.45 Imports of EDP and offi ce equipment of selected economies by origin, 2007 83

Table II.46 Leading exporters and importers of EDP and offi ce equipment, 2007 85

Table II.47 Exports of EDP and offi ce equipment of selected economies, 1990-2007 86

Table II.48 Imports of EDP and offi ce equipment of selected economies, 1990-2007 87

4.3.2 Telecommunications equipment

Table II.49 Imports of telecommunications equipment of selected economies by origin, 2007 88

Table II.50 Leading exporters and importers of telecommunications equipment, 2007 90

Table II.51 Exports of telecommunication equipment of selected economies, 1990-2007 91

Table II.52 Imports of telecommunication equipment of selected economies , 1990-2007 92

4.3.3 Integrated circuits and electronic components

Table II.53 Imports of integrated circuits and electronic components of selected economies by origin, 2007 93

Table II.54 Leading exporters and importers of integrated circuits and electronic components, 2007 95

Table II.55 Exports of integrated circuits and electronic components of selected economies, 1990-2007 96

Table II.56 Imports of integrated circuits and electronic components of selected economies, 1990-2007 97

4.4 Automotive products

Table II.57 Exports of automotive products of selected regions and economies by destination, 2007 98

Table II.58 Imports of automotive products of selected economies by origin, 2007 99

Table II.59 Leading exporters and importers of automotive products, 2007 101

Table II.60 Exports of automotive products of selected economies, 1990-2007 102

Table II.61 Imports of automotive products of selected economies, 1990-2007 103

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4.5 Textiles

Table II.62 Textile exports of selected regions and economies by destination, 2007 104

Table II.63 Textile imports of selected economies by origin, 2007 105

Table II.64 Leading exporters and importers of textiles, 2007 108

Table II.65 Textile exports of selected economies, 1990-2007 109

Table II.66 Textile imports of selected economies, 1990-2007 110

4.6 Clothing

Table II.67 Clothing exports of selected regions and economies by destination, 2007 111

Table II.68 Clothing imports of selected economies by origin, 2007 112

Table II.69 Leading exporters and importers of clothing, 2007 114

Table II.70 Clothing exports of selected economies, 1990-2007 115

Table II.71 Clothing imports of selected economies, 1990-2007 116

III. TRADE IN COMMERCIAL SERVICES BY CATEGORY

Highlights

1. Overview

Table III.1 World trade in commercial services by category, 2007 123

Table III.2 Growth of commercial services exports by category and by region, 1990-2007 123

2. Transportation services

Table III.3 World trade in transportation services by region, 2007 124

Table III.4 Leading exporters and importers of transportation services, 2007 125

Table III.5 Trade in transportation services of selected economies by origin and destination, 2006 126

3. Travel

Table III.6 World trade in travel by region, 2007 128

Table III.7 Leading exporters and importers of travel, 2007 129

Table III.8 Trade in travel of selected economies by origin and destination, 2006 130

4. Other commercial services

Table III.9 World trade in other commercial services by region, 2007 133

Table III.10 Leading exporters and importers of other commercial services, 2007 134

Table III.11 Trade in other commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination, 2006 135

4.1 Communications services

Table III.12 World exports of communication services by region, 2006 137

Table III.13 Major exporters and importers of communication services, 2006 137

4.1.1 Telecommunications services

Table III.14 Major exporters and importers of telecommunication services, 2006 138

Table III.15 Exports of telecommunication services of selected economies by destination, 2006 138

4.2 Construction

Table III.16 World exports of construction by region, 2006 139

Table III.17 Major exporters and importers of construction, 2006 139

Table III.18 Exports of construction of selected economies by destination, 2006 140

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4.3 Insurance services

Table III.19 World exports of insurance services by region, 2006 141

Table III.20 Major exporters and importers of insurance services, 2006 141

Table III.21 Exports of insurance services of selected economies by destination, 2006 142

4.4 Financial services

Table III.22 World exports of fi nancial services by region, 2006 143

Table III.23 Major exporters and importers of fi nancial services, 2006 143

Table III.24 Exports of fi nancial services of selected economies by destination, 2006 144

4.5 Computer and information services

Table III.25 World exports of computer and information services by region, 2006 145

Table III.26 Major exporters and importers of computer and information services, 2006 145

Table III.27 Exports of computer and information services of selected economies by destination, 2006 146

4.5.1 Computer services

Table III.28 Major exporters and importers of computer services, 2006 147

Table III.29 Exports of computer services of selected economies by destination, 2006 147

4.6 Royalties and licence fees

Table III.30 World receipts of royalties and licence fees by region, 2006 148

Table III.31 Major economies for receipts and payments of royalties and licence fees, 2006 148

Table III.32 Receipts of royalties and licence fees of selected economies by origin, 2006 149

4.7 Other business services

Table III.33 World exports of other business services by region, 2006 150

Table III.34 Major exporters and importers of other business services, 2006 150

Table III.35 Exports of other business services of selected economies by destination, 2006 151

Table III.36 Trade in other business services by category in selected economies, 2006 152

4.8 Personal, cultural and recreational services

Table III.37 World exports of personal, cultural and recreational services by region, 2006 153

Table III.38 Major exporters and importers of personal, cultural and recreational services, 2006 153

Table III.39 Exports of personal, cultural and recreational services of selected economies by destination, 2006 154

4.8.1 Audiovisual services

Table III.40 Major exporters and importers of audio-visual services and related services, 2006 155

Table III.41 Exports of audiovisual and related services of selected economies by destination, 2006 155

IV. METADATA

1. Composition of geographical and economic groupings

Table IV.1 Composition of regions and other economic groupings 157

2.1.2 Products

Table IV.2 Products 161

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2.2.1 Trade in commercial services between residents and non residents of an economy

Table IV.3 Number of economies reporting Balance of Payments services components for 2006 166

Appendix

Table A1 World merchandise exports, production and gross domestic product, 1950-2007 173

Table A2 Network of world merchandise trade by region, 2005-2007 176

Table A3 Merchandise trade of selected regional trade agreements, 1997-2007 178

Table A4 Merchandise trade by selected groups of countries, 1997-2007 179

Table A5 Trade in commercial services by selected groups of countries, 1997-2007 180

Table A6 World merchandise exports by region and selected economy, 1997-2007 181

Table A7 World merchandise imports by region and selected economy, 1997-2007 185

Table A8 World exports of commercial services by region and selected economy, 1997-2007 189

Table A9 World imports of commercial services by region and selected economy, 1997-2007 192

Table A10 Network of world merchandise trade by product and region, 2005-2007 196

Table A11 Merchandise trade by region and selected economies, 1997-2007 – United States 202

Table A12 Merchandise trade by region and selected economies, 2003-2007 – European Union (27) 203

Table A13 Merchandise trade by region and selected economies, 1997-2007 – Japan 204

Table A14 Merchandise trade by region and selected economies, 1997-2007 – China 205

Table A15 Merchandise trade of the United States by region and by product, 1963, 1973, 1983,

1993, and 2007 206

Table A16 Merchandise trade of Europe by region and by product, 2003-2007 207

Table A17 Merchandise trade of Japan by region and by product, 1963, 1973, 1983, 1993,

2003 and 2007 208

Table A18 Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2006-2007 – Canada 210

Table A19 Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner,

2006-2007 – United States 212

Table A20 Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2006-2007 – Brazil 214

Table A21 Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner,

2006-2007 – European Union (27) 216

Table A22 Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2006-2007 – China 218

Table A23 Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner,

2006-2007 – Hong Kong, China 220

Table A24 Domestic exports and re-exports of merchandise by product, region and

major trading partner, 2006-2007 – Hong Kong, China 222

Table A25 Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2006-2007 – Japan 224

Table A26 Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner,

2006-2007 – Korea, Rep. of 226

Table A27 Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2006-2007 – Malaysia 228

Table A28 Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2006-2007 – Singapore 230

Table A29 Export prices of primary commodities, 1997-2008 232

Table A30 Export prices of Germany, Japan and the United States by commodity group, 1997-2007 233

Table A31 Import prices of Germany, Japan and the United States by commodity group, 1997-2007 234

World maps

Map 1 Composition of regions 235

Map 2 WTO Members and Observers 236

Map 3 Ratio of exports and imports of goods and commercial services to GDP, 2005 237

Map 4 Exports of goods and commercial services per capita, 2005 238

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c.i.f. cost, insurance and freight

f.o.b. free on board

n.e.s. not elsewhere specifi ed

n.i.e. not included elsewhere

The following symbols are used in this publication:

... not available

0 fi gure is zero or became zero due to rounding

- not applicable

$ United States dollars

Q1, Q2 1st quarter, 2nd quarter

I break in comparability of data series. Data after the symbol do not form a consistent series with those

from earlier years.

Billion means one thousand million.

Minor discrepancies between constituent fi gures and totals are due to rounding.

Unless otherwise indicated, (i) all value fi gures are expressed in U.S. dollars; (ii) trade fi gures include the intra-trade of free trade

areas, customs unions, geographical and other groups; (iii) merchandise trade fi gures are on a customs basis and (iv) merchandise

exports are f.o.b. and merchandise imports are c.i.f. Data for the latest year are provisional.

Closing date 15 August 2008

ACP African, Caribbean and Pacifi c Group of States

ASEAN Association of South-East Asian Nations

AFTA ASEAN Free Trade Area

BOP Balance of Payments

BPM5 Balance of Payments Manual, fi fth edition

CACM Central American Common Market

CARICOM Caribbean Common Market

CEMAC Economic and Monetary Community

of Central African States

CIS Commonwealth of Independent States

COMESA Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

ECCAS Economic Community of Central African States

ECOWAS Economic Community of West African States

EFTA European Free Trade Association

EU European Union

EUROSTAT Statistical Offi ce of the European Communities

FAO Food and Agriculture Organization

of the United Nations

FATS Foreign Affi liates Trade in Services

FDI Foreign Direct Investment

GCC Gulf Co-operation Council

GDP Gross Domestic Product

GNP Gross National Product

HS Harmonized Commodity Description

and Coding System

IEA International Energy Agency

IMF International Monetary Fund

ISIC International Standard Industrial Classifi cation

LDCs Least-developed countries

MERCOSUR Southern Common Market

NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement

OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and

Development

SAARC South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation

SADC South African Development Community

SAPTA South Asian Preferential Trade Arrangement

SITC Standard International Trade Classifi cation

WAEMU West African Economic and Monetary Union

UNECE United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

UNECLAC United Nations Economic Commission

for Latin America and the Caribbean

UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade

and Development

UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development

Organization

UNSD United Nations Statistics Division

Abbreviations and symbols

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I.

Trade slowed down in 2007 due to weakening demand from developed econo-

mies. Realignments in exchange rates and fl uctuations in the prices for commodi-

ties, such as oil and gas, introduced uncertainties into the global markets. Growth

in world merchandise exports slipped to 6 per cent in real terms in 2007, following

a year-to-year expansion of world gross domestic product (GDP) of 3.4 per cent.

The slowdown of trade growth from 8.5 per cent in 2006 is due to a deceleration

of import demand, mainly in the United States but also in Europe and Japan.

Trade remained strong in most developing countries. Regions such as Africa, the

Middle East, the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), developing Asia,

and South and Central America showed sustained growth in their economies in

2007. While higher commodity prices

helped to improve the fi nancial situation

of certain countries, higher energy and

food prices also increased infl ationary

pressures worldwide.

For the 2000-2007 period, exports

on average increased by 2.7 percent-

age points faster than real gross domes-

tic product. The only exception was in

2001, when trade marginally declined

due to the dot.com bubble burst.

Trade in manufactured products is growing faster than trade in agriculture and

in fuels and mining products

Merchandise trade by product

Exports of manufactured products expanded by 7.5 per cent in volume terms in 2007, maintaining its lead over both agriculture

and fuels and mining products, which grew by 5 per cent and 3 per cent respectively. The deceleration in trade in manufactured

products from the 10 per cent level achieved in 2006 is partly due to the slowdown of activity in major importing economies.

Asian exports of manufactured products expanded by

13.5 per cent in 2007, but North American and Euro-

pean exports increased by only 4.5 per cent and 4 per

cent respectively, almost half their 2006 rates. OPEC

production, which declined in 2007, contributed to the

stagnant volumes of fuels and mining exports from the

Middle East. Crude oil exports from Africa grew by 4.5

per cent, much higher than the 1.5 per cent increases in

2005 and 2006. The CIS increased its exports of fuels

and mining products by 7 per cent, the highest growth

of all regions.

Trade slows down due to weakening demand from

developed economies

Merchandise trade and GDP

IN THIS CHAPTER :

Merchandise trade and GDP

Merchandise trade by product

Regional trade fl ows

Regional Trade Agreements

Merchandise trade fl ows of Brazil, India and China

Least-developed countries

Trade in services

The Highlights

I. WORLD TRADE DEVELOPMENTS

-2

0

2

4

6

8

10

2000-07 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

Volume of total exportsGDP

Chart I.1

(Annual percentage change)

Volume of world merchandise exports and gross domestic product, 2000-2007

0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0

Chart I.2

(Percentage change)

Volume growth of world merchandise trade by sector, 2007

Agriculture

Mining

Manufactures

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The surge in agricultural prices dominated

developments in 2007

Spurred by a 14 per cent growth in prices, agricul-

tural exports expanded by 19.5 per cent in dollar terms

in 2007, the highest growth rate since 2000. Europe,

which accounts for 46 per cent of world exports of agri-

cultural products, boosted exports by 19 per cent. Asia,

the second-largest supplier with a share of 19 per cent,

increased its exports of agricultural products by 20 per

cent, a rate unmatched since 2000. Exports from North

America, the third-largest supplier, rose by 17 per cent.

Its share of world trade has been progressively declining, from 21 per cent in 2000 to 16 per cent in 2007, due to the below world

average export growth during this period (6 per cent against 11 per cent for the world). South and Central America registered its

highest growth rate since 2000 (23.4 per cent).

Prices of fuels and mining products increased by 11 per cent in 2007, rising by less than half as much as in 2006. As a

result, the value of world exports rose by 15 per cent, the lowest rate since 2003. Growth decelerated in all regions apart from

the CIS, which increased its exports by 19 per cent. The slowdown in the price rises of minerals and non-ferrous metals (from 56

per cent in 2006 to 17.5 per cent in 2007) affected particularly non-fuel mining exports in South and Central American (whose

growth declined from 55 per cent in 2006 to 20 per cent in 2007). Fuel exports from the Middle East to its most important trading

partner, Asia (65 per cent of total exports), increased by 13 per cent, compared with 28 per cent the previous year. Nevertheless,

demand from China and India remained strong, with imports increasing by 26 per cent.

With an estimated 7 per cent increase in average prices in 2007 and continuous expansion in volumes traded, the value of

world exports of manufactured products rose by 15 per cent. Europe increased its exports by 16.3 per cent, an acceleration

similar to 2005 and 2006. Asia maintained nearly the same level of growth as in 2006 (15.7 per cent). North America registered

the lowest growth (8.5 per cent). The CIS has become a signifi cant destination for exports of manufactured products. Imports

of manufactured products in the CIS grew by an astounding annual average of 30 per cent from 2000 to 2007. As a result, 3.6

per cent of European exports of manufactured products (double the 2000 level) now go to the CIS, while Asian exports to the CIS

achieved an annual average increase of 43 per cent over the same period.

Africa records the smallest share of intra-regional trade

Regional trade flows

49%51%

76%

24%

26%

74%

90%

10%

88%

12%

80%

20%

50%50%

Chart I.4

(Percentage)

Intra- and extra-regional merchandise exports, 2007

Extra-trade

Intra-trade

0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0

Chart I.3

(Percentage change)

Value growth of world merchandise trade by sector, 2007

Agriculture

Mining

Manufactures

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Trade fl ows within regions account for a higher share of world trade than fl ows between regions. Since 2000, this share has

fl uctuated from between 55 to 58 per cent. Relatively large differences have occurred in the growth of trade within regions: North

America and Asia show a relative balanced growth between inter- and intra-regional trade; Europe’s intra-trade is growing much

faster than its external trade due to the deepening of its economic integration while South and Central America, Africa, the Middle

East and the CIS have recorded higher growth in inter-regional exports than in intra-regional.

Increasingly different patterns are emerging for Regional Trade Agreements

Regional Trade Agreements

The European Union is a highly integrated marketplace, with two-thirds of its trade transactions taking place within the region.

In 2007, intra-trade accounted for slightly more than half (51 per cent) of the exports of the North American Free Trade Agree-

ment (NAFTA). In 2000, this share was 56 per cent. However, as trade with countries outside NAFTA’s area has been growing

at a somewhat faster pace than intra-NAFTA trade, this share has been declining.

Other trade blocs, such as MERCOSUR, the Andean Community or ASEAN, show a less pronounced integration. MERCOSUR

countries carry out only around 14 per cent of their trade with other countries in the agreement, the Andean Community only 8

per cent, and ASEAN a quarter.

Brazil, India and China record strong growth in exports

Merchandise trade flows of Brazil, India and China

Brazil, India and China are illustrative of a clear trend of vigorous growth among a number of emerging economies. While this

growth implies a growing share of world trade, the share in world exports remains relatively small for most of the emerging econo-

mies individually. The share of Brazil and India, for example, is still just over 1 per cent, while China’s share is approaching 10

75%

25%

68%

32%

51% 49%

8%

92%

14%

86%

Chart I.5

(Percentage)

Share of intra in total merchandise exports of selected Regional Trade Agreements, 2007

NAFTA

MERCOSUR

ASEANAndean Community

European Union (27)

Extra-trade

Intra-trade

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per cent. In 2007, Brazil exported merchandise worth $161 billion. With imports accounting for $127 billion, it recorded a posi-

tive trade balance of $34 billion. Since 2000, Brazil’s exports have grown at an annual average of 17 per cent. Its main partners

are in Europe, which receives almost 27 per cent of Brazil’s exports. South and Central America absorbs almost a quarter of its

exports, North America a fi fth and Asia accounts for slightly above 16 per cent of Brazil’s total merchandise exports.

India’s merchandise exports reached $145 billion in 2007, growing at an annual average of 19 per cent since 2000. More

than 30 per cent of its exports go to Asia, with Europe being the second-largest trading region (23 per cent). The Middle East

absorbs 17 per cent of India’s merchandise exports while North America receives 15 per cent. In 2007, India’s imports reached

$217 billion, resulting in a negative trade balance of $72 billion.

Chart I.6

(Billion dollars)

Brazil – Merchandise exports by region, 2007

Merchandise exports from Brazil

North America$32 billion

S/C America$38 billion

Europe$43 billion

CIS$4 billion

Middle East$6 billion Asia

$26 billion

Africa$9 billion

Brazil

Chart I.7

(Billion dollars)

India – Merchandise exports by region, 2007

Merchandise exports from India

North America$22 billion

S/C America$4 billion

Europe$34 billion

CIS$2 billion

Middle East $25 billion

Asia$46 billion

Africa$13 billion

India

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Since China joined the WTO in 2001, it has almost quadrupled its exports while imports have more than tripled. In 2007, its

trade surplus reached $262 billion. Some 45 per cent of its trade receipts stem from Asia, while Europe and North America each

receive 21 per cent of China’s exports. It should be noted that China Customs Statistics record the country of origin for imports

and the country of fi nal destination for exports. However, if the country of fi nal destination cannot be ascertained, exports are

attributed to the last known country of dispatch.

Least-developed countries show an improved trade performance in services

Least-developed countries

The participation of Least-Developed Countries (LDCs) in world trade has been increasing over the past fi ve years, albeit

slowly. In 2006, the ratio of trade to GDP in LDCs continued to grow. For merchandise, LDCs’ share in world trade grew to 1

per cent due to the higher international prices of commodities. Their share of trade in commercial services amounted to 0.4

per cent only. However, trade in commercial services is

increasing in all major sectors, such as transportation,

travel and other commercial services. Transportation

services showed steady growth between 2000 and 2006,

resulting in an average annual increase of 14 per cent.

Other commercial services show more volatile growth,

ranging from negative growth in 2001 (-10 per cent) to

very strong growth of almost 29 per cent in 2006. Travel

remains the most important revenue source in terms of

trade in commercial services (51 per cent of total trade),

advancing by an annual average of 13 per cent between

2000 and 2006. For many small developing islands,

such as Comoros or the Maldives, the share of travel in

total exports of commercial services ranges from 80 to

over 90 per cent.

0

2,000

1,000

3,000

4,000

5,000

6,000

7,000

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

Chart I.9Commercial services exports by LDCs, 2000-2006

(Million dollars)

Other commercial servicesTravelTransport

Chart I.8

(Billion dollars)

China – Merchandise exports by region, 2007

Merchandise exports from China

North America$264 billion

S/C America$39 billion

Europe$264 billion

CIS$48 billion

Middle East$44 billion

Asia$521 billion

Africa$37 billion

China

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The international supply of services is rapidly increasing

Trade in services

In 2007 the value of trade in commercial services increased

at a faster rate (18 per cent) than trade in goods (15 per cent)

for the fi rst time in fi ve years. This was mainly due to the

expanding international supply of many services and to the

increase in transportation prices. While the services sector

generates approximately two-thirds of the total world value

added, its share in total trade remains below 19 per cent. In

2007, the major exporters of commercial services remained

the European Union, the United States, Japan, China and

India, which together represented just under two-thirds of

world exports. In recent years, China and India’s exports of

commercial services have increased much faster than the

world average.

Trade in commercial services in 2007 was highly concentrated

in North America, Asia and Europe (representing 15, 29 and 50 per

cent respectively of total commercial services trade). Trade within the

European Union represented more than one-quarter of world trade.

However, the market share of these regions has either stagnated

or decreased (in the case of North America) in recent years, while

other regions – principally the CIS, Africa and the Middle East – have

increased their share. Although it has the smallest share in terms

of world trade (2.5 per cent), the CIS has seen its share increase by

75 per cent since 2000. This is mainly due to trade of Russia and

Ukraine and also imports of Kazakhstan, which has become the sec-

ond-largest commercial services importer in the CIS after Russia.

Suppliers of services sometimes decide to establish a commer-

cial presence (an affi liate or a branch) in another country to supply

particular services (this mode of delivering services through affi liates

is not included in international trade fl ows measured by a country’s

balance of payments). Foreign direct investment in enterprises active

in the services sector indicates that at least 50-55 per cent of total

foreign direct investments are made in this sector. Available infor-

mation shows that in 2005 the use of foreign affi liates remained the

dominant mode used by major exporters to supply services abroad.

For instance, Canada and the United States registered high growth

rates of their sales of services by their majority-owned foreign affi li-

ates (excluding most fi nancial intermediation services) between 2003

and 2005 (10 and 12 per cent average annual growth rate respec-

tively).

15

10

5

0

20

25

30

(Percentage)

Chart I.10Leading exporters of commercial services, growth 2000-2007

India*

WORLD

China

Japan

European Union (27)

United States

* Growth of India for 2004-05 is partly affected by a break in series following an improved coverage of other business services exports.

3%2%

3%

3%

15%

24%48%

Chart I.11Total commercial services trade, 2007

(Percentage)Extra-EU (27)trade 19%

Intra-EU (27)trade 27%

Other Europe 4%

Europe

North America

S & C America

CIS

Africa

Middle East

Asia

8554

362

653

Chart I.12

International sales of services through conventional trade and through foreign affiliates, Canada and United States, 2005

Sales of services through affiliates

Exports of commercial services

(Billion dollars)

United States Canada

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Table I.1

(Annual percentage change)

2000-07 2005 2006 2007

World merchandise exports 5.5 6.5 8.5 6.0Agricultural products 4.0 6.0 6.0 4.5Fuels and mining products 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.0Manufactures 6.5 7.5 10.0 7.5

World merchandise production 3.0 3.0 3.0 4.0Agriculture 2.5 2.0 1.5 2.5Mining 1.5 1.5 1.0 0.0Manufacturing 3.0 4.0 4.0 5.0

World GDP 3.0 3.0 3.5 3.5

Growth in the volume of world merchandise exports and production, 2000-2007

Note : See the Metadata for the estimation of world aggregates of merchandise exports, production and GDP.

Table I.2

(Annual percentage change)

2000-07 2006 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

5.5 8.5 6.0 World 5.5 8.0 5.5

3.0 8.5 5.0 North America 4.0 6.0 2.01.0 1.0 1.0 Canada 4.0 5.5 6.53.0 11.0 1.5 Mexico 3.5 10.5 4.53.5 10.5 7.0 United States 4.0 5.5 1.0

6.5 3.5 3.5 South and Central America 8.0 15.5 17.5

4.0 7.5 3.5 Europe 3.5 7.5 3.54.0 7.5 3.0 European Union (27) 3.5 7.0 3.01.0 -2.0 1.5 Norway 5.5 10.5 9.54.0 10.0 7.0 Switzerland 2.0 7.0 5.0

8.0 5.5 7.5 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 17.0 21.0 19.5

10.5 13.5 11.5 Asia 8.5 8.5 8.02.0 2.0 2.5 Australia 9.0 8.0 11.0

22.5 22.0 19.5 China 18.0 16.5 13.5-3.0 9.5 6.5 Hong Kong, China 8.0 9.5 8.013.0 11.0 11.5 India 13.5 9.5 14.06.5 10.0 9.0 Japan 3.0 2.0 1.08.5 12.0 8.5 Six East Asian traders a 5.5 7.5 5.0

Growth in the volume of world merchandise trade by selected region and economy, 2000-2007

a Hong Kong, China; Republic of Korea; Malaysia; Singapore; Taipei, Chinese and Thailand.

Imports Exports

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2. Trade by region

Exports Imports

2000-07 2006 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

Merchandise12 16 15 World 11 15 156 13 11 North America 7 11 66 15 12 United States 7 11 56 8 8 Canada 7 11 9

14 21 15 South and Central America 12 22 2517 16 17 Brazil 12 23 3220 41 18 Chile 14 17 2312 13 16 Europe 12 15 1612 13 16 European Union (27) 12 14 1511 13 16 Switzerland 10 12 1420 24 21 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 24 30 3419 25 17 Russian Federation 26 31 3619 12 28 Ukraine 23 25 3516 19 16 Africa 16 14 2413 13 20 South Africa 17 24 1818 16 12 Nigeria a 19 5 3516 22 15 Middle East 16 13 2617 17 11 Saudi Arabia a 17 17 2919 24 19 United Arab Emirates a 21 18 3213 18 16 Asia 13 16 1525 27 26 China 23 20 216 9 10 Japan 7 12 7

Commercial services12 12 18 World 11 11 187 9 13 North America 7 9 97 10 15 United States 7 9 97 7 6 Canada 9 11 12

10 14 17 South and Central America 9 15 2114 21 26 Brazil 12 21 2811 21 28 Argentina 2 12 2713 11 20 Europe 12 10 1913 11 20 European Union (27) 12 10 1812 10 21 Switzerland 13 5 1821 24 27 Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 21 17 3022 25 27 Russian Federation 20 16 3220 21 26 Ukraine 23 23 26... ... 22 Africa ... ... 2511 10 24 Egypt 9 8 27... 7 13 South Africa ... 18 1713 17 13 Middle East 15 20 255 10 10 Israel 6 9 217 9 8 Saudi Arabia 16 34 58

13 16 19 Asia 11 14 179 13 10 Japan 5 9 11

22 24 33 China 20 21 29

a Secretariat estimates.

World merchandise trade and trade in commercial services by region and selected economy, 2007

Table I.3

(Annual percentage change)

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Table I.4

(Billion dollars and percentage)

OriginNorth

America

South and Central America Europe CIS Africa Middle East Asia World

ValueWorld 2517 451 5956 397 355 483 3294 13619North America 951.2 130.7 328.7 12.4 27.3 50.1 352.1 1853.5South and Central America 151.3 122.0 105.6 6.4 13.7 9.1 80.2 499.2Europe 458.5 80.4 4243.6 189.0 147.7 152.9 433.7 5772.2Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 23.6 6.3 287.5 103.2 6.9 16.2 59.6 510.3Africa 91.9 14.6 167.5 0.9 40.5 10.5 80.9 424.1Middle East 83.9 4.4 108.3 4.8 27.5 93.4 397.3 759.9Asia 756.4 92.3 714.6 79.8 91.4 150.4 1889.8 3799.7Share of regional trade flows in each region's total merchandise exportsWorld 18.5 3.3 43.7 2.9 2.6 3.5 24.2 100.0North America 51.3 7.0 17.7 0.7 1.5 2.7 19.0 100.0South and Central America 30.3 24.4 21.2 1.3 2.7 1.8 16.1 100.0Europe 7.9 1.4 73.5 3.3 2.6 2.6 7.5 100.0Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 4.6 1.2 56.3 20.2 1.3 3.2 11.7 100.0Africa 21.7 3.4 39.5 0.2 9.5 2.5 19.1 100.0Middle East 11.0 0.6 14.3 0.6 3.6 12.3 52.3 100.0Asia 19.9 2.4 18.8 2.1 2.4 4.0 49.7 100.0Share of regional trade flows in world merchandise exportsWorld 18.5 3.3 43.7 2.9 2.6 3.5 24.2 100.0North America 7.0 1.0 2.4 0.1 0.2 0.4 2.6 13.6South and Central America 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.6 3.7Europe 3.4 0.6 31.2 1.4 1.1 1.1 3.2 42.4Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.2 0.0 2.1 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.4 3.7Africa 0.7 0.1 1.2 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.6 3.1Middle East 0.6 0.0 0.8 0.0 0.2 0.7 2.9 5.6Asia 5.6 0.7 5.2 0.6 0.7 1.1 13.9 27.9

Intra- and inter-regional merchandise trade, 2007

Destination

Table I.5

(Percentage)

Destination World North

America

South and Central America Europe CIS Africa Middle East Asia

Origin

World 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0North America 13.6 37.8 29.0 5.5 3.1 7.7 10.4 10.7South and Central America 3.7 6.0 27.1 1.8 1.6 3.9 1.9 2.4Europe 42.4 18.2 17.8 71.2 47.7 41.6 31.7 13.2CIS 3.7 0.9 1.4 4.8 26.0 1.9 3.4 1.8Africa 3.1 3.7 3.2 2.8 0.2 11.4 2.2 2.5Middle East 5.6 3.3 1.0 1.8 1.2 7.8 19.3 12.1Asia 27.9 30.1 20.5 12.0 20.1 25.7 31.2 57.4

Shares of regional trade flows in world merchandise exports, 2007

Share

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Table I.6

1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 2007

Value

World 59 84 157 579 1838 3675 7375 13619Share

World 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0North America 28.1 24.8 19.9 17.3 16.8 18.0 15.8 13.6

United States 21.7 18.8 14.9 12.3 11.2 12.6 9.8 8.5Canada 5.5 5.2 4.3 4.6 4.2 4.0 3.7 3.1Mexico 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.4 1.4 1.4 2.2 2.0

South and Central America 11.3 9.7 6.4 4.3 4.4 3.0 3.0 3.7Brazil 2.0 1.8 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.2Argentina 2.8 1.3 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

Europe 35.1 39.4 47.8 50.9 43.5 45.4 45.9 42.4Germany a 1.4 5.3 9.3 11.6 9.2 10.3 10.2 9.7France 3.4 4.8 5.2 6.3 5.2 6.0 5.3 4.1Italy 11.3 9.0 7.8 5.1 4.0 4.6 4.1 3.6United Kingdom 1.8 1.8 3.2 3.8 5.0 4.9 4.1 3.2

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) b - - - - - 1.5 2.6 3.7Africa 7.3 6.5 5.7 4.8 4.5 2.5 2.4 3.1

South Africa c 2.0 1.6 1.5 1.0 1.0 0.7 0.5 0.5Middle East 2.0 2.7 3.2 4.1 6.8 3.5 4.1 5.6Asia 14.0 13.4 12.5 14.9 19.1 26.1 26.2 27.9

China 0.9 1.2 1.3 1.0 1.2 2.5 5.9 8.9Japan 0.4 1.5 3.5 6.4 8.0 9.9 6.4 5.2India 2.2 1.3 1.0 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.8 1.1Australia and New Zealand 3.7 3.2 2.4 2.1 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.2Six East Asian traders 3.4 3.0 2.4 3.4 5.8 9.7 9.6 9.3

Memorandum item: EU d - - 27.5 38.6 38.6 38.6 42.7 39.1USSR, former 2.2 3.5 4.6 3.7 5.0 - - -GATT/WTO Members e 62.8 69.6 75.0 84.1 78.4 89.4 94.3 94.1

Note: Between 1973 and 1983 and between 1993 and 2003 export shares were significantly influenced by oil price developments.

World merchandise exports by region and selected economy, 1948, 1953, 1963, 1973, 1983, 1993, 2003 and 2007

b Figures are significantly affected by i) changes in the country composition of the region and major adjustment in trade conversion factors between 1983 and 1993; and ii) including the mutual trade flows of the Baltic States and the CIS between 1993 and 2003.c Beginning with 1998, figures refer to South Africa only and no longer to the Southern African Customs Union.

e Membership as of the year stated.

a Figures refer to the Fed. Rep. of Germany from 1948 through 1983.

(Billion dollars and percentage)

d Figures refer to the EEC(6) in 1963, EC(9) in 1973, EC(10) in 1983, EU(12) in 1993, and EU(25) in 2003 and 2006.

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Table I.7

1948 1953 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 2007

Value

World 62 85 164 595 1882 3787 7691 13968Share

World 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0North America 18.5 20.5 16.1 17.2 18.5 21.4 22.5 19.4

United States 13.0 13.9 11.4 12.3 14.3 15.9 16.9 14.5Canada 4.4 5.5 3.9 4.2 3.4 3.7 3.2 2.8Mexico 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.7 1.8 2.3 2.1

South and Central America 10.4 8.3 6.0 4.4 3.8 3.3 2.5 3.3Brazil 1.8 1.6 0.9 1.2 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.9Argentina 2.5 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.3

Europe 45.3 43.7 52.0 53.3 44.2 44.6 45.0 43.4Germany a 2.2 4.5 8.0 9.2 8.1 9.0 7.9 7.6United Kingdom 13.4 11.0 8.5 6.5 5.3 5.5 5.2 4.4France 5.5 4.9 5.3 6.3 5.6 5.7 5.2 4.4Italy 2.5 2.8 4.6 4.7 4.2 3.9 3.9 3.6

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) b - - - - - 1.2 1.7 2.7Africa 8.1 7.0 5.2 3.9 4.6 2.6 2.1 2.6

South Africa c 2.5 1.5 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.7Middle East 1.8 2.1 2.3 2.7 6.2 3.3 2.7 3.4Asia 13.9 15.1 14.1 14.9 18.5 23.6 23.5 25.3

China 0.6 1.6 0.9 0.9 1.1 2.7 5.4 6.8Japan 1.1 2.8 4.1 6.5 6.7 6.4 5.0 4.4India 2.3 1.4 1.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.9 1.6Australia and New Zealand 2.9 2.3 2.2 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4Six East Asian traders 3.5 3.7 3.1 3.7 6.1 10.3 8.6 8.7

Memorandum item: EU d - - 29.0 39.2 39.2 39.2 41.8 39.9USSR, former 1.9 3.3 4.3 3.5 4.3 - - -GATT/WTO Members e 58.1 66.9 75.3 85.5 81.3 88.7 94.9 95.0

Note: Between 1973 and 1983 and between 1993 and 2003 export shares were significantly influenced by oil price developments.

World merchandise imports by region and selected economy, 1948, 1953, 1963, 1973, 1983, 1993, 2003 and 2007

b Figures are significantly affected by i) changes in the country composition of the region and major adjustment in trade conversion factors between 1983 and 1993 and ii) including the mutual trade flows of the Baltic States and the CIS between 1993 and 2003.c Beginning with 1998, figures refer to South Africa only and no longer to the Southern African Customs Union.

e Membership as of the year stated.

a Figures refer to the Fed. Rep. of Germany from 1948 through 1983.

(Billion dollars and percentage)

d Figures refer to the EEC(6) in 1963, EC(9) in 1973, EC(10) in 1983, EU(12) in 1993, and EU(25) in 2003 and EU(27) in 2007.

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3. Leading traders

Rank Exporters Value Share

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers Value Share

Annual percentage

change

1 Germany 1326.4 9.5 20 1 United States 2020.4 14.2 52 China 1217.8 8.7 26 2 Germany 1058.6 7.4 173 United States 1162.5 8.3 12 3 China 956.0 6.7 214 Japan 712.8 5.1 10 4 Japan 621.1 4.4 75 France 553.4 4.0 12 5 United Kingdom 619.6 4.4 36 Netherlands 551.3 4.0 19 6 France 615.2 4.3 147 Italy 491.5 3.5 18 7 Italy 504.5 3.5 148 United Kingdom 437.8 3.1 -2 8 Netherlands 491.6 3.5 189 Belgium 430.8 3.1 17 9 Belgium 413.2 2.9 17

10 Canada 419.0 3.0 8 10 Canada 389.6 2.7 911 Korea, Republic of 371.5 2.7 14 11 Spain 372.6 2.6 1312 Russian Federation 355.2 2.5 17 12 Hong Kong, China 370.1 2.6 10

retained imports 93.3 0.7 813 Hong Kong, China 349.4 2.5 8 13 Korea, Republic of 356.8 2.5 15

domestic exports 18.1 0.1 -20 re-exports 331.3 2.4 10

14 Singapore 299.3 2.1 10 14 Mexico a 296.3 2.1 11 domestic exports 156.0 1.1 9 re-exports 143.3 1.0 11

15 Mexico 272.0 2.0 9 15 Singapore 263.2 1.8 10 retained imports 119.9 0.8 9

16 Taipei, Chinese 246.4 1.8 10 16 Russian Federation a 223.4 1.6 3617 Spain 241.0 1.7 13 17 Taipei, Chinese 219.6 1.5 818 Saudi Arabia b 234.2 1.7 11 18 India 216.6 1.5 2419 Malaysia 176.2 1.3 10 19 Turkey 170.1 1.2 2220 United Arab Emirates b 173.0 1.2 19 20 Australia 165.3 1.2 1921 Switzerland 172.1 1.2 16 21 Poland 162.7 1.1 2822 Sweden 169.1 1.2 14 22 Austria 162.4 1.1 1823 Austria 162.9 1.2 19 23 Switzerland 161.2 1.1 1424 Brazil 160.6 1.2 17 24 Sweden 151.3 1.1 1925 Thailand 153.1 1.1 17 25 Malaysia 147.0 1.0 1226 India 145.3 1.0 20 26 Thailand 140.8 1.0 927 Australia 141.3 1.0 14 27 United Arab Emirates b 132.0 0.9 3228 Poland 138.8 1.0 25 28 Brazil 126.6 0.9 3229 Norway 136.4 1.0 12 29 Czech Republic a 117.9 0.8 2730 Czech Republic 122.4 0.9 29 30 Denmark 99.6 0.7 1731 Ireland 121.0 0.9 11 31 Hungary 95.0 0.7 2132 Indonesia 118.0 0.8 14 32 Indonesia 92.4 0.6 1533 Turkey 107.2 0.8 25 33 South Africa b 91.0 0.6 1834 Denmark 103.5 0.7 12 34 Saudi Arabia 90.2 0.6 2935 Hungary 94.6 0.7 26 35 Ireland 82.5 0.6 1336 Finland 89.7 0.6 16 36 Finland 81.5 0.6 1837 Iran, Islamic Rep. of b 86.0 0.6 12 37 Norway 80.3 0.6 2538 South Africa 69.8 0.5 20 38 Portugal 78.1 0.5 1739 Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 69.2 0.5 6 39 Greece 76.1 0.5 2040 Chile 68.3 0.5 18 40 Romania 69.9 0.5 3741 Nigeria b 65.5 0.5 12 41 Viet Nam 60.8 0.4 3642 Kuwait 62.4 0.4 12 42 Ukraine 60.7 0.4 3543 Algeria 60.2 0.4 10 43 Slovak Republic a 60.2 0.4 3444 Slovak Republic 58.2 0.4 39 44 Israel 59.0 0.4 1745 Argentina 55.9 0.4 20 45 Philippines a, b 58.0 0.4 746 Israel 54.1 0.4 16 46 Chile 47.1 0.3 2347 Portugal 51.5 0.4 19 47 Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 46.1 0.3 3748 Philippines 50.5 0.4 6 48 Iran, Islamic Rep. of b 46.0 0.3 1349 Ukraine 49.2 0.4 28 49 Argentina 44.8 0.3 3150 Viet Nam 48.4 0.3 21 50 Colombia 32.9 0.2 26

Total of above c 13006.4 93.2 - Total of above c 13097.7 92.0 - World c 13950.0 100.0 15 World c 14244.0 100.0 15

a Imports are valued f.o.b. b Secretariat estimates. c Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export. Note: For annual data 1997-2007, see Appendix Tables A6 and A7.

Table I.8

Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade, 2007

(Billion dollars and percentage)

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IRank Exporters Value Share

Annual percentage

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Annual percentage

change

1 Extra-EU (27) exports 1697.8 16.4 17 1 United States 2020.4 19.0 52 China 1217.8 11.8 26 2 Extra-EU (27) imports 1952.0 18.4 153 United States 1162.5 11.3 12 3 China 956.0 9.0 214 Japan 712.8 6.9 10 4 Japan 621.1 5.8 75 Canada 419.0 4.1 8 5 Canada 389.6 3.7 96 Korea, Republic of 371.5 3.6 14 6 Hong Kong, China 370.1 3.5 10

retained imports 93.3 0.9 87 Russian Federation 355.2 3.4 17 7 Korea, Republic of 356.8 3.4 158 Hong Kong, China 349.4 3.4 8 8 Mexico a 296.3 2.8 11

domestic exports 18.1 0.2 -20 re-exports 331.3 3.2 10

9 Singapore 299.3 2.9 10 9 Singapore 263.2 2.5 10 domestic exports 156.0 1.5 9 retained imports 119.9 1.1 9 re-exports 143.3 1.4 11

10 Mexico 272.0 2.6 9 10 Russian Federation a 223.4 2.1 3611 Taipei, Chinese 246.4 2.4 10 11 Taipei, Chinese 219.6 2.1 812 Saudi Arabia b 234.2 2.3 11 12 India 216.6 2.0 2413 Malaysia 176.2 1.7 10 13 Turkey 170.1 1.6 2214 United Arab Emirates b 173.0 1.7 19 14 Australia 165.3 1.6 1915 Switzerland 172.1 1.7 16 15 Switzerland 161.2 1.5 1416 Brazil 160.6 1.6 17 16 Malaysia 147.0 1.4 1217 Thailand 153.1 1.5 17 17 Thailand 140.8 1.3 918 India 145.3 1.4 20 18 United Arab Emirates b 132.0 1.2 3219 Australia 141.3 1.4 14 19 Brazil 126.6 1.2 3220 Norway 136.4 1.3 12 20 Indonesia 92.4 0.9 1521 Indonesia 118.0 1.1 14 21 South Africa b 91.0 0.9 1822 Turkey 107.2 1.0 25 22 Saudi Arabia 90.2 0.8 2923 Iran, Islamic Rep. of b 86.0 0.8 12 23 Norway 80.3 0.8 2524 South Africa 69.8 0.7 20 24 Viet Nam 60.8 0.6 3625 Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 69.2 0.7 6 25 Ukraine 60.7 0.6 3526 Chile 68.3 0.7 18 26 Israel 59.0 0.6 1727 Nigeria b 65.5 0.6 12 27 Philippines a, b 58.0 0.5 728 Kuwait 62.4 0.6 12 28 Chile 47.1 0.4 2329 Algeria 60.2 0.6 10 29 Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 46.1 0.4 3730 Argentina 55.9 0.5 20 30 Iran, Islamic Rep. of b 46.0 0.4 1331 Israel 54.1 0.5 16 31 Argentina 44.8 0.4 3132 Philippines 50.5 0.5 6 32 Colombia 32.9 0.3 2633 Ukraine 49.2 0.5 28 33 Kazakhstan 32.8 0.3 3834 Viet Nam 48.4 0.5 21 34 Pakistan 32.6 0.3 935 Kazakhstan 47.8 0.5 25 35 Iraq b 32.0 0.3 1936 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya b 45.4 0.4 16 36 Morocco 31.7 0.3 3237 Qatar 42.0 0.4 23 37 New Zealand 30.9 0.3 1738 Iraq b 41.6 0.4 31 38 Nigeria b 29.5 0.3 3539 Angola b 39.9 0.4 25 39 Belarus 28.7 0.3 2840 Colombia 30.0 0.3 23 40 Algeria 27.6 0.3 2941 Peru 28.0 0.3 17 41 Egypt 27.1 0.3 3142 New Zealand 27.0 0.3 20 42 Croatia 25.8 0.2 2043 Oman 24.7 0.2 15 43 Kuwait 23.6 0.2 4844 Belarus 24.3 0.2 23 44 Qatar 22.0 0.2 3445 Pakistan 17.8 0.2 5 45 Peru b 20.2 0.2 3246 Egypt 16.2 0.2 18 46 Tunisia 19.0 0.2 2847 Trinidad and Tobago b 15.1 0.1 7 47 Bangladesh 18.6 0.2 1648 Tunisia 15.0 0.1 31 48 Serbia 18.4 0.2 3949 Morocco 14.7 0.1 15 49 Oman b 16.1 0.2 4650 Ecuador 13.8 0.1 8 50 Syrian Arab Republic b 14.5 0.1 26

Total of above c 10003.5 96.9 - Total of above c 10188.4 95.9 - World (excl. intra-EU (27)) c 10328.0 100.0 15 World (excl. intra-EU (27)) c 10622.0 100.0 14

a Imports are valued f.o.b. b Secretariat estimates. c Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export. Note: For annual data 1997-2007, see Appendix Tables A6 and A7.

Table I.9

Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade (excluding intra-EU (27) trade), 2007

(Billion dollars and percentage)

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Annual percentage

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Annual percentage

change

1 United States 456.4 13.9 15 1 United States 335.9 10.9 92 United Kingdom 273.0 8.3 18 2 Germany 250.5 8.1 153 Germany 205.8 6.3 15 3 United Kingdom 194.1 6.3 134 France 136.7 4.2 16 4 Japan 148.7 4.8 115 Spain 128.3 3.9 21 5 China 129.3 4.2 296 Japan 127.1 3.9 10 6 France 124.1 4.0 167 China 121.7 3.7 33 7 Italy 118.3 3.8 218 Italy 110.5 3.4 13 8 Spain 98.4 3.2 269 India 89.7 2.7 20 9 Ireland 94.5 3.1 20

10 Ireland 89.0 2.7 30 10 Netherlands 86.8 2.8 1011 Netherlands 87.5 2.7 9 11 Korea, Republic of 82.5 2.7 2112 Hong Kong, China 82.7 2.5 14 12 Canada 80.3 2.6 1213 Belgium 75.5 2.3 ... 13 India 77.2 2.5 2214 Singapore 67.3 2.0 14 14 Belgium 70.6 2.3 ...15 Sweden 63.8 1.9 28 15 Singapore 70.1 2.3 1416 Luxembourg 62.3 1.9 23 16 Russian Federation 57.8 1.9 3217 Denmark 61.8 1.9 17 17 Denmark 54.0 1.7 1918 Korea, Republic of 61.5 1.9 27 18 Sweden 47.8 1.5 2119 Switzerland 61.5 1.9 21 19 Hong Kong, China 41.0 1.3 1120 Canada 61.4 1.9 6 20 Austria 38.9 1.3 1721 Austria 55.2 1.7 21 21 Norway 38.6 1.3 2422 Greece 43.1 1.3 21 22 Australia 38.2 1.2 2123 Norway 40.7 1.2 23 23 Thailand 38.0 1.2 1624 Australia 39.7 1.2 23 24 Luxembourg 36.0 1.2 1925 Russian Federation 39.1 1.2 27 25 Taipei, Chinese 35.3 1.1 826 Taipei, Chinese 30.9 0.9 7 26 Brazil 34.8 1.1 2827 Thailand 28.8 0.9 17 27 Switzerland 33.9 1.1 1828 Poland 28.6 0.9 39 28 Saudi Arabia 30.6 1.0 5829 Turkey 28.2 0.9 13 29 United Arab Emirates a 28.1 0.9 ...30 Malaysia 28.2 0.9 30 30 Malaysia 27.8 0.9 1831 Brazil 22.6 0.7 26 31 Poland 24.3 0.8 2532 Portugal 22.1 0.7 26 32 Mexico 24.0 0.8 733 Israel 21.1 0.6 10 33 Indonesia a 23.3 0.8 ...34 Finland 20.7 0.6 19 34 Finland 20.8 0.7 1235 Egypt 19.7 0.6 24 35 Greece 19.5 0.6 2336 Mexico 17.8 0.5 9 36 Israel 17.8 0.6 2137 Hungary 16.6 0.5 26 37 South Africa 16.3 0.5 1738 Czech Republic 16.3 0.5 23 38 Hungary 15.0 0.5 3039 Macao, China 14.5 0.4 37 39 Turkey 14.1 0.5 3540 Ukraine 13.6 0.4 26 40 Czech Republic 13.9 0.5 19

Total of above 2970.0 90.3 - Total of above 2730.0 88.5 -World 3290.0 100.0 18 World 3085.0 100.0 18

Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services, 2007

Note : Figures for a number of countries and territories have been estimated by the Secretariat. Annual percentage changes and rankings are affected by continuity breaks in the series for a large number of economies, and by limitations in cross-country comparability. See the Metadata, Section II.2. For annual data 1997-2007, see Appendix Tables A8 and A9.

a Secretariat estimate.

Table I.10

(Billion dollars and percentage)

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IRank Exporters Value Share

Annual percentage

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Annual percentage

change

1 Extra-EU (27) exports 667.2 27.7 22 1 Extra-EU (27) imports 544.9 24.0 192 United States 456.4 18.9 15 2 United States 335.9 14.8 93 Japan 127.1 5.3 10 3 Japan 148.7 6.6 114 China 121.7 5.1 33 4 China 129.3 5.7 295 India 89.7 3.7 20 5 Korea, Republic of 82.5 3.6 216 Hong Kong, China 82.7 3.4 14 6 Canada 80.3 3.5 127 Singapore 67.3 2.8 14 7 India 77.2 3.4 228 Korea, Republic of 61.5 2.6 27 8 Singapore 70.1 3.1 149 Switzerland 61.5 2.6 21 9 Russian Federation 57.8 2.5 32

10 Canada 61.4 2.6 6 10 Hong Kong, China 41.0 1.8 1111 Norway 40.7 1.7 23 11 Norway 38.6 1.7 2412 Australia 39.7 1.6 23 12 Australia 38.2 1.7 2113 Russian Federation 39.1 1.6 27 13 Thailand 38.0 1.7 1614 Taipei, Chinese 30.9 1.3 7 14 Taipei, Chinese 35.3 1.6 815 Thailand 28.8 1.2 17 15 Brazil 34.8 1.5 2816 Turkey 28.2 1.2 13 16 Switzerland 33.9 1.5 1817 Malaysia 28.2 1.2 30 17 Saudi Arabia 30.6 1.3 5818 Brazil 22.6 0.9 26 18 United Arab Emirates a 28.1 1.2 ...19 Israel 21.1 0.9 10 19 Malaysia 27.8 1.2 1820 Egypt 19.7 0.8 24 20 Mexico 24.0 1.1 721 Mexico 17.8 0.7 9 21 Indonesia a 23.3 1.0 ...22 Macao, China 14.5 0.6 37 22 Israel 17.8 0.8 2123 Ukraine 13.6 0.6 26 23 South Africa 16.3 0.7 1724 South Africa 13.2 0.5 13 24 Turkey 14.1 0.6 3525 Croatia 12.6 0.5 16 25 Nigeria 13.9 0.6 6626 Lebanon 12.5 0.5 8 26 Egypt 13.1 0.6 2727 Indonesia a 12.0 0.5 ... 27 Kazakhstan 11.3 0.5 3128 Morocco 11.7 0.5 26 28 Ukraine 10.8 0.5 2629 Argentina 9.8 0.4 28 29 Argentina 10.5 0.5 2730 New Zealand 9.2 0.4 15 30 Kuwait 10.4 0.5 2431 Chile 8.7 0.4 12 31 Lebanon 10.0 0.4 1432 Cuba 8.1 0.3 22 32 Iran, Islamic Rep. of a 9.9 0.4 ...33 Saudi Arabia 7.9 0.3 8 33 Chile 9.7 0.4 1834 Philippines 7.9 0.3 33 34 New Zealand 8.9 0.4 1635 Kuwait 7.4 0.3 23 35 Pakistan 8.4 0.4 4

Total of above 2260.0 93.9 - Total of above 2085.0 91.9 -World (excl. intra-EU (27)) 2410.0 100.0 19 World (excl. intra-EU (27)) 2270.0 100.0 18

Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services (excluding intra-EU (27) trade), 2007

Note: Figures for a number of countries and territories have been estimated by the Secretariat . Annual percentage changes and rankings are affected by continuity breaks in the series for a large number of economies, and by limitations in cross-country comparability. See the Metadata, Section II.2. For annual data 1997-2007, see Appendix Tables A8 and A9.

a Secretariat estimate.

Table I.11

(Billion dollars and percentage)

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4. Bilateral trade of leading traders

Table I.12

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2007 2000 2007 2006 2007 2007 2000 2007 2006 2007

Region Region World 418.5 100.0 100.0 8 8 World 389.6 100.0 100.0 12 9North America 335.3 87.7 80.1 5 5 North America 231.2 67.7 59.3 8 8Europe 38.1 5.1 9.1 25 31 Asia 75.1 14.5 19.3 20 12Asia 31.3 5.3 7.5 18 13 Europe 55.4 12.4 14.2 15 7South and Central America 6.2 1.0 1.5 22 23 South and Central America 13.1 1.8 3.4 19 11Africa 3.1 0.4 0.8 31 40 Africa 8.7 0.8 2.2 32 14Middle East 3.1 0.4 0.7 23 31 Middle East 4.4 0.7 1.1 28 4CIS 1.4 0.1 0.3 49 37 CIS 1.8 0.2 0.5 -15 15

Economy Economy United States 331.9 87.3 79.3 5 5 United States 211.2 64.4 54.2 10 8European Union (27) 32.5 4.7 7.8 25 26 European Union (27) 47.3 10.6 12.1 17 6China 8.7 0.9 2.1 15 28 China 36.7 3.2 9.4 28 18Japan 8.6 2.2 2.0 10 3 Mexico 16.4 3.4 4.2 20 14Mexico 4.6 0.5 1.1 39 20 Japan 14.8 4.7 3.8 13 7

Above 5 386.3 95.6 92.3 - - Above 5 326.5 86.2 83.8 - -Norway 3.4 0.2 0.8 30 106 Korea, Republic of 5.0 1.4 1.3 15 -1Korea, Republic of 2.8 0.5 0.7 24 -3 Norway 5.0 1.2 1.3 -4 4India 1.6 0.1 0.4 64 12 Algeria 4.7 0.3 1.2 27 8Australia 1.6 0.3 0.4 20 1 Taipei, Chinese 3.6 1.4 0.9 7 6Hong Kong, China 1.4 0.3 0.3 19 2 Canada b 3.5 ... 0.9 1 17Taipei, Chinese 1.4 0.3 0.3 10 15 Brazil 3.2 0.4 0.8 19 4Brazil 1.4 0.3 0.3 29 21 Malaysia 2.7 0.7 0.7 20 5Switzerland 1.3 0.1 0.3 8 41 Thailand 2.2 0.5 0.6 21 8Russian Federation 1.1 0.0 0.3 66 39 Switzerland 2.1 0.4 0.5 7 13United Arab Emirates 1.0 0.1 0.2 43 50 Peru 2.0 0.1 0.5 65 8Indonesia 0.9 0.2 0.2 23 31 India 1.9 0.3 0.5 17 10Singapore 0.9 0.1 0.2 24 31 Saudi Arabia 1.7 0.3 0.4 7 16South Africa 0.7 0.1 0.2 55 27 Australia 1.7 0.4 0.4 -3 18Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 0.7 0.2 0.2 22 3 Chile 1.6 0.2 0.4 20 -4Chile 0.7 0.1 0.2 21 69 Iraq 1.4 0.2 0.4 48 -4Saudi Arabia 0.6 0.1 0.2 32 33 Singapore 1.4 0.4 0.4 8 60Colombia 0.6 0.1 0.1 22 37 Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 1.4 0.4 0.4 -30 30Turkey 0.6 0.1 0.1 20 28 Russian Federation 1.4 0.2 0.4 -13 11Thailand 0.6 0.1 0.1 20 16 Angola 1.1 0.0 0.3 95 109Malaysia 0.6 0.1 0.1 35 20 South Africa 1.0 0.1 0.3 27 36Cuba 0.5 0.1 0.1 22 16 Cuba 1.0 0.1 0.3 22 79Algeria 0.5 0.1 0.1 18 111 Indonesia 0.9 0.2 0.2 6 11Philippines 0.4 0.1 0.1 17 21 Israel 0.9 0.2 0.2 15 17Pakistan 0.4 0.0 0.1 34 20 Philippines 0.7 0.4 0.2 15 -18Israel 0.4 0.1 0.1 10 1 Viet Nam 0.7 0.1 0.2 25 23New Zealand 0.4 0.0 0.1 15 11 Turkey 0.6 0.1 0.2 12 4Bangladesh 0.3 0.0 0.1 71 129 Bangladesh 0.5 0.0 0.1 18 6Egypt 0.3 0.0 0.1 43 -13 Hong Kong, China 0.5 0.4 0.1 -2 10Peru 0.3 0.1 0.1 16 21 New Zealand 0.5 0.1 0.1 -6 10Viet Nam 0.3 0.0 0.1 11 45 Colombia 0.4 0.1 0.1 16 -21Iraq 0.3 0.0 0.1 103 97 Argentina 0.4 0.1 0.1 28 -13Iran, Islamic Rep. of 0.3 0.2 0.1 20 -8 Trinidad and Tobago 0.4 0.0 0.1 39 42Argentina 0.2 0.1 0.1 18 41 Suriname 0.4 0.0 0.1 25 97Sri Lanka 0.2 0.0 0.1 123 2 Costa Rica 0.3 0.1 0.1 18 0Ecuador 0.2 0.0 0.1 7 63 Jamaica 0.3 0.1 0.1 13 -7

Above 40 415.5 99.7 99.3 - - Above 40 383.7 97.0 98.5 - -

b In 2007, Canada reported imports from Canada accounting for nearly 1 percent of its total merchandise imports. a Imports are valued f.o.b.

Merchandise trade of Canada by origin and destination, 2007

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change Share Share

Exports Imports a

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Table I.13

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2007 2000 2007 2006 2007 2007 2000 2007 2006 2007

Region Region World 1162.5 100.0 100.0 15 12 World 2020.4 100.0 100.0 11 5North America 385.6 37.0 33.2 10 6 Asia 751.4 37.8 37.2 12 5Asia 313.3 27.6 27.0 16 12 North America 531.6 29.4 26.3 9 5Europe 276.0 23.6 23.7 16 16 Europe 393.5 20.3 19.5 7 6South and Central America 106.5 7.5 9.2 23 21 South and Central America 141.8 6.2 7.0 8 1Middle East 46.3 2.4 4.0 23 18 Africa 95.2 2.3 4.7 24 14Africa 23.7 1.4 2.0 22 25 Middle East 80.3 3.2 4.0 14 8CIS 10.6 0.4 0.9 21 50 CIS 26.5 0.8 1.3 28 5

Economy Economy Canada 248.4 22.6 21.4 9 8 European Union (27) 364.9 18.7 18.1 7 7European Union (27) 247.7 21.6 21.3 15 15 China 340.3 8.5 16.8 18 11Mexico 136.5 14.3 11.7 12 2 Canada 317.5 18.5 15.7 5 3China 65.2 2.1 5.6 32 18 Mexico 213.3 10.9 10.6 16 6Japan 62.7 8.4 5.4 8 5 Japan 149.6 12.0 7.4 7 -2

Above 5 760.6 68.9 65.4 - - Above 5 1385.6 68.6 68.6 - -Korea, Republic of 34.7 3.6 3.0 17 7 Korea, Republic of 49.3 3.3 2.4 5 4Taipei, Chinese 26.4 3.1 2.3 4 14 Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 41.0 1.6 2.0 9 7Singapore 26.3 2.3 2.3 20 6 Taipei, Chinese 39.9 3.4 2.0 9 0Brazil 24.6 2.0 2.1 25 28 Saudi Arabia 37.2 1.2 1.8 14 12Hong Kong, China 20.1 1.9 1.7 9 13 Nigeria 33.7 0.9 1.7 15 17Australia 19.2 1.6 1.7 13 8 Malaysia 33.7 2.1 1.7 8 -10India 17.6 0.5 1.5 27 74 Brazil 27.2 1.2 1.3 7 -3Switzerland 17.0 1.3 1.5 34 18 India 25.1 0.9 1.2 16 9Israel 13.0 1.0 1.1 13 19 Thailand 23.8 1.4 1.2 13 0Malaysia 11.7 1.4 1.0 20 -7 Israel 21.1 1.0 1.0 13 9United Arab Emirates 11.6 0.3 1.0 41 -3 Russian Federation 20.2 0.6 1.0 28 -2Saudi Arabia 10.4 0.8 0.9 14 33 Singapore 18.7 1.6 0.9 17 3Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 10.2 0.7 0.9 41 13 Algeria 18.4 0.2 0.9 48 15Colombia 8.6 0.5 0.7 24 28 Switzerland 15.3 0.8 0.8 10 3Thailand 8.4 0.9 0.7 13 4 Indonesia 15.2 0.9 0.8 11 6Chile 8.3 0.4 0.7 31 22 Angola 12.9 0.3 0.6 38 6Philippines 7.7 1.1 0.7 11 1 Iraq 11.9 0.5 0.6 27 -3Russian Federation 7.4 0.3 0.6 20 56 Viet Nam 11.4 0.1 0.6 29 23Turkey 6.6 0.5 0.6 34 15 Colombia 10.0 0.6 0.5 4 2Dominican Republic 6.1 0.6 0.5 14 14 Philippines 9.8 1.1 0.5 5 -3Argentina 5.9 0.6 0.5 16 23 Chile 9.8 0.3 0.5 38 -5South Africa 5.5 0.4 0.5 15 24 Trinidad and Tobago 9.3 0.2 0.5 6 6Egypt 5.3 0.4 0.5 30 30 South Africa 9.3 0.3 0.5 28 20Costa Rica 4.6 0.3 0.4 15 11 Australia 9.0 0.5 0.4 12 5Honduras 4.5 0.3 0.4 14 21 Norway 7.6 0.5 0.4 4 3Indonesia 4.2 0.3 0.4 1 38 Hong Kong, China 7.3 1.0 0.4 -11 -12Peru 4.1 0.2 0.4 28 41 Ecuador 6.5 0.2 0.3 22 -14Guatemala 4.1 0.2 0.4 25 16 Peru 5.5 0.2 0.3 14 -11Norway 3.1 0.2 0.3 24 27 Turkey 4.9 0.3 0.2 3 -15Ecuador 2.9 0.1 0.3 37 8 Argentina 4.8 0.3 0.2 -14 13New Zealand 2.8 0.3 0.2 11 -4 Dominican Republic 4.3 0.4 0.2 -2 -7Nigeria 2.8 0.1 0.2 38 25 Kuwait 4.3 0.2 0.2 -9 3Qatar 2.8 0.0 0.2 35 108 Costa Rica 4.2 0.3 0.2 13 3Kuwait 2.5 0.1 0.2 8 16 Honduras 4.1 0.3 0.2 -1 5Bahamas 2.5 0.1 0.2 29 8 Pakistan 3.8 0.2 0.2 14 -3

Above 40 1114.0 97.2 95.8 - - Above 40 1956.3 97.3 96.8 - -

Annual percentage

change

Merchandise trade of the United States by origin and destination, 2007

Annual percentage

change Share Share

Exports Imports

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Table I.14

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2007 2000 2007 2006 2007 2007 2000 2007 2006 2007

Region Region World 5319.7 100.0 100.0 13 16 World 5573.9 100.0 100.0 14 15Europe 3926.1 73.5 73.8 14 16 Europe 3903.5 69.2 70.0 14 16North America 419.4 10.3 7.9 8 7 Asia 709.7 12.0 12.7 16 18Asia 395.7 7.5 7.4 10 17 North America 295.4 8.3 5.3 8 15CIS 174.4 1.3 3.3 31 32 CIS 250.9 2.7 4.5 27 12Africa 138.1 2.4 2.6 7 22 Africa 162.2 2.9 2.9 14 11Middle East 132.3 2.2 2.5 4 17 South and Central America 110.0 1.7 2.0 22 17South and Central America 74.4 1.7 1.4 15 21 Middle East 91.4 1.9 1.6 5 5

Economy Economy European Union (27) 3621.9 68.0 68.1 14 16 European Union (27) a 3621.9 64.5 65.0 14 16United States 354.5 8.9 6.7 7 6 China 315.7 2.7 5.7 23 29Switzerland 127.0 2.7 2.4 7 15 United States 247.2 7.3 4.4 8 13Russian Federation 120.8 0.8 2.3 28 34 Russian Federation 196.9 2.2 3.5 25 10China 97.1 1.0 1.8 24 23 Japan 106.6 3.3 1.9 5 10

Above 5 4321.3 81.4 81.2 - - Above 5 4488.4 79.9 80.5 - -Turkey 72.1 1.2 1.4 13 15 Switzerland 105.2 2.2 1.9 8 17Norway 59.4 1.0 1.1 15 23 Norway 105.1 1.7 1.9 19 6Japan 58.5 1.7 1.1 3 6 Turkey 64.3 0.7 1.2 17 23India 39.8 0.5 0.7 15 32 Korea, Republic of 54.0 1.0 1.0 19 5United Arab Emirates 36.7 0.5 0.7 0 16 Brazil 44.6 0.7 0.8 14 31Canada 35.5 0.8 0.7 13 6 Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 37.4 0.5 0.7 33 14Korea, Republic of 34.0 0.6 0.6 14 18 India 35.9 0.5 0.6 20 27Australia 31.1 0.6 0.6 4 16 Taipei, Chinese 35.7 1.0 0.6 12 7Ukraine 30.6 0.2 0.6 39 34 Canada 31.9 0.7 0.6 15 29Hong Kong, China 28.7 0.8 0.5 6 6 Algeria 29.0 0.6 0.5 17 -4Brazil 28.5 0.6 0.5 11 30 South Africa 28.4 0.5 0.5 11 24Mexico 28.4 0.5 0.5 15 20 Singapore 25.2 0.6 0.5 6 4Singapore 28.2 0.6 0.5 14 14 Saudi Arabia 25.0 0.6 0.4 4 -15South Africa 27.6 0.4 0.5 10 12 Malaysia 24.6 0.7 0.4 12 9Saudi Arabia 27.5 0.5 0.5 14 24 Thailand 22.8 0.5 0.4 13 23Israel 19.7 0.6 0.4 4 13 Iran, Islamic Rep. of 19.0 0.3 0.3 26 5Taipei, Chinese 18.3 0.6 0.3 2 10 Kazakhstan 18.3 0.1 0.3 37 4Croatia 18.2 0.2 0.3 16 17 Indonesia 17.5 0.4 0.3 14 14Morocco 16.9 0.3 0.3 -11 28 Chile 17.2 0.2 0.3 55 10Malaysia 15.6 0.3 0.3 12 21 Ukraine 16.9 0.2 0.3 15 37Algeria 15.3 0.2 0.3 -4 23 Australia 16.2 0.3 0.3 18 15Egypt 14.2 0.3 0.3 8 24 Mexico 16.2 0.3 0.3 15 23Iran, Islamic Rep. of 13.8 0.2 0.3 -12 -2 Israel 15.5 0.4 0.3 3 24Tunisia 13.1 0.3 0.2 10 19 Hong Kong, China 14.9 0.4 0.3 16 -3Nigeria 11.6 0.2 0.2 19 32 Nigeria 13.0 0.2 0.2 30 -4Thailand 10.8 0.3 0.2 -7 18 Tunisia 12.3 0.2 0.2 13 28Serbia 10.7 ... 0.2 124 48 Argentina 11.7 0.2 0.2 15 26Qatar 8.6 0.1 0.2 66 34 Morocco 10.7 0.2 0.2 -20 18Kazakhstan 8.3 0.1 0.2 41 32 Viet Nam 10.7 0.2 0.2 25 24Argentina 8.2 0.2 0.2 22 34 Azerbaijan 10.1 0.0 0.2 119 48Indonesia 7.4 0.2 0.1 5 18 Egypt 9.6 0.1 0.2 48 0Belarus 6.6 0.1 0.1 37 20 Iraq 9.3 0.2 0.2 41 47Chile 6.4 0.1 0.1 10 19 United Arab Emirates 7.7 0.1 0.1 -41 7Kuwait 6.0 0.1 0.1 -1 31 Philippines 7.7 0.3 0.1 -1 -5Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 5.7 0.1 0.1 3 23 Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 7.4 0.1 0.1 64 -4

Above 40 5123.2 96.3 96.3 - - Above 40 5419.4 96.8 97.2 - -

a The figures are affected by the "INTRASTAT" system of recording trade between EU member States. Intra-EU (27) imports are underrecorded. To compensate for this under-recording, intra-EU (27) exports have been used to obtain total (World) imports.

Exports Imports

Merchandise trade of the European Union (27) by origin and destination, 2007

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change Share Share

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Table I.15

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Destination Value Origin Value

2007 2000 2007 2006 2007 2007 2000 2007 2006 2007

Region Region World 712.8 100.0 100.0 9 10 World 621.1 100.0 100.0 12 7Asia 361.5 43.3 50.7 6 12 Asia 303.3 46.4 48.8 10 7North America 166.4 32.7 23.4 10 0 Middle East 113.7 13.0 18.3 25 4Europe 112.9 17.8 15.8 8 12 North America 85.4 22.0 13.8 6 4Middle East 26.2 2.0 3.7 16 36 Europe 72.7 13.9 11.7 2 8South and Central America 15.0 1.7 2.1 28 25 South and Central America 19.6 2.2 3.2 33 21CIS 12.5 0.2 1.8 60 51 Africa 14.8 1.3 2.4 34 12Africa 10.3 0.9 1.4 21 22 CIS 11.5 1.3 1.9 8 56

Economy Economy United States 145.6 30.0 20.4 8 -1 China 127.8 14.5 20.6 9 8China a 129.9 8.9 18.2 14 16 United States 72.3 19.1 11.6 6 4European Union (27) 105.7 16.8 14.8 7 12 European Union (27) 65.1 12.6 10.5 2 8Korea, Republic of 54.3 6.4 7.6 8 8 Saudi Arabia 35.3 3.7 5.7 29 -5Taipei, Chinese 44.9 7.5 6.3 1 2 United Arab Emirates 32.4 3.9 5.2 25 2

Above 5 480.4 69.6 67.4 - - Above 5 332.8 53.8 53.6 - -Hong Kong, China a 38.9 - - 1 7 Australia 31.3 3.9 5.0 14 12Thailand 25.6 2.8 3.6 2 12 Korea, Republic of 27.3 5.4 4.4 12 0Singapore 21.8 4.3 3.1 5 13 Indonesia 26.5 4.3 4.3 16 10Malaysia 15.1 2.9 2.1 5 14 Taipei, Chinese 19.9 4.7 3.2 13 -2Australia 14.2 1.8 2.0 1 14 Thailand 18.3 2.8 3.0 9 9Russian Federation 10.8 0.1 1.5 57 53 Malaysia 17.4 3.8 2.8 6 12Canada 10.5 1.6 1.5 13 6 Qatar 16.9 1.5 2.7 39 14Mexico 10.3 1.1 1.4 34 10 Iran, Islamic Rep. of 12.6 1.4 2.0 8 14Philippines 9.5 2.1 1.3 -1 5 Russian Federation 10.6 1.2 1.7 8 59Indonesia 9.1 1.6 1.3 -20 23 Canada 10.0 2.3 1.6 8 4United Arab Emirates 8.0 0.5 1.1 25 33 Kuwait 9.9 1.3 1.6 19 9Saudi Arabia 6.7 0.6 0.9 11 45 Philippines 8.7 1.9 1.4 3 10India 6.2 0.5 0.9 27 38 Chile 8.2 0.7 1.3 42 12Viet Nam 5.7 0.4 0.8 15 37 South Africa 7.7 0.8 1.2 20 17South Africa 4.6 0.4 0.6 24 14 Singapore 7.1 1.7 1.1 12 -6Brazil 4.0 0.5 0.6 12 31 Viet Nam 6.1 0.7 1.0 16 16Switzerland 3.0 0.4 0.4 12 25 Brazil 6.0 0.8 1.0 15 18Turkey 2.7 0.3 0.4 9 15 Switzerland 5.2 0.9 0.8 1 2Oman 2.5 0.2 0.4 24 46 India 4.2 0.7 0.7 27 3New Zealand 2.5 0.3 0.4 -14 19 Oman 3.6 0.5 0.6 -2 34Israel 1.9 0.3 0.3 -1 58 Mexico 3.2 0.6 0.5 11 12Qatar 1.8 0.1 0.3 46 26 New Zealand 2.7 0.6 0.4 1 6Kuwait 1.7 0.1 0.2 1 40 Sudan 2.7 0.1 0.4 63 -11Chile 1.6 0.1 0.2 15 45 Brunei Darussalam 2.5 0.4 0.4 2 7Pakistan 1.6 0.1 0.2 16 -11 Peru 2.2 0.1 0.4 88 69Iran, Islamic Rep. of 1.3 0.1 0.2 -12 14 Norway 1.7 0.3 0.3 7 37Colombia 1.3 0.1 0.2 29 29 Hong Kong, China 1.4 0.4 0.2 -3 -5Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 1.3 0.1 0.2 48 14 Iraq 1.0 0.2 0.2 108 12Egypt 1.3 0.2 0.2 44 13 Israel 0.9 0.2 0.1 0 8Bahamas 1.2 0.1 0.2 454 2 Egypt 0.8 0.0 0.1 245 111Norway 1.1 0.2 0.2 49 -31 Papua New Guinea 0.8 0.1 0.1 29 27Ukraine 1.1 0.0 0.2 74 61 Argentina 0.8 0.1 0.1 49 64Algeria 0.9 0.0 0.1 -18 96 Nigeria 0.7 0.1 0.1 -17 -18Argentina 0.8 0.2 0.1 22 27 Equatorial Guinea 0.6 0.0 0.1 43 82Nigeria 0.7 0.1 0.1 9 30 Yemen 0.5 0.0 0.1 -36 107

Above 40 a 711.8 - - - - Above 40 612.9 98.6 98.7 - -

a Includes significant shipments recorded as exports to Hong Kong, China with China as final destination.

Merchandise trade of Japan by origin and destination, 2007

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change Share Share

Exports Imports

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Table I.16

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006

European Union (27) World 1294755 100.0 11 10 11 World 1149464 100.0 9 9 10European Union (25) 739619 57.1 10 9 10 European Union (25) 685677 59.7 9 9 10United States 166745 12.9 10 7 13 United States 148476 12.9 7 8 6Switzerland 66565 5.1 8 6 10 Switzerland 46436 4.0 7 11 2Japan 23899 1.8 3 7 0 Japan 16002 1.4 11 11 10Norway 20692 1.6 12 10 14 China 14108 1.2 25 27 23

Above 5 1017521 78.6 - - - Above 5 910698 79.2 - - -Russian Federation 17762 1.4 26 33 20 Turkey 13686 1.2 7 16 -2China 15789 1.2 20 35 7 Russian Federation 13389 1.2 22 23 20Singapore 13760 1.1 22 15 30 Norway 13045 1.1 6 1 10Canada 12752 1.0 13 9 17 Canada 10100 0.9 9 7 11Australia 11369 0.9 14 18 9 Hong Kong, China 8312 0.7 14 8 21Hong Kong, China 8700 0.7 0 17 -14 Singapore 7779 0.7 12 9 16India 8466 0.7 38 43 32 Australia 7659 0.7 11 13 8Korea, Republic of 8022 0.6 9 4 13 India 6880 0.6 20 22 18Turkey 7175 0.6 22 19 26 Egypt 6270 0.5 9 20 -1South Africa 6628 0.5 13 19 8 Croatia 5983 0.5 14 17 11

Above 15 1127944 87.1 - - - Above 15 1003801 87.3 - - -United States

World 397833 100.0 10 11 10 World 308348 100.0 9 9 9European Union (25) 138228 34.7 9 9 9 European Union (25) 117519 38.1 10 10 10Japan 40590 10.2 8 18 -2 Japan 23928 7.8 10 14 6Canada 38676 9.7 15 14 16 Canada 23587 7.6 7 8 5Mexico 22083 5.6 12 17 8 Bermuda 15113 4.9 0 -9 11Switzerland 12942 3.3 11 7 15 Mexico 14785 4.8 4 5 3

Above 5 252519 63.5 - - - Above 5 194931 63.2 - - -Korea, Republic of 11270 2.8 11 12 11 Switzerland 13751 4.5 27 33 21China 10725 2.7 20 20 20 China 7261 2.4 12 15 9Australia 8963 2.3 15 10 20 Taipei, Chinese 6993 2.3 11 16 6Brazil 7436 1.9 24 23 24 India 6625 2.1 53 78 32Taipei, Chinese 7022 1.8 12 13 12 Korea, Republic of 6441 2.1 9 12 6India 6553 1.6 22 16 29 Hong Kong, China 6419 2.1 15 11 18Singapore 6546 1.6 7 1 14 Australia 4798 1.6 10 18 2Hong Kong, China 5213 1.3 20 18 21 Singapore 3898 1.3 18 38 2Bermuda 4767 1.2 6 4 9 Brazil 2847 0.9 21 11 33Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 3177 0.8 15 14 16 Israel 2348 0.8 4 11 -2

Above 15 324190 81.5 - - - Above 15 256314 83.1 - - -Japan

World 115140 100.0 13 14 13 World 133900 100.0 6 2 9United States 31369 27.2 ... 7 ... United States 41467 31.0 ... 6 ...European Union (25) 28197 24.5 ... ... ... European Union (25) 28523 21.3 ... ... ...Singapore 8589 7.5 ... 25 ... China 7022 5.2 ... 25 ...Taipei, Chinese 7594 6.6 ... 8 ... Singapore 6578 4.9 ... 3 ...China 7559 6.6 ... 14 ... Korea, Republic of 6577 4.9 ... 5 ...

Above 5 83307 72.4 - - - Above 5 90166 67.3 - - -Korea, Republic of 5575 4.8 ... 25 ... Hong Kong, China 5360 4.0 ... 5 ...Thailand 3710 3.2 ... 47 ... Taipei, Chinese 3643 2.7 ... 0 ...Hong Kong, China 3118 2.7 ... -4 ... Australia 3185 2.4 ... -7 ...Canada 2153 1.9 ... 8 ... Thailand 2650 2.0 ... 6 ...Indonesia 1832 1.6 ... -8 ... Switzerland 2236 1.7 ... -1 ...Australia 1609 1.4 ... 15 ... Philippines 1626 1.2 ... 6 ...United Arab Emirates 1505 1.3 ... 1 ... Indonesia 1495 1.1 ... -5 ...Switzerland 1460 1.3 ... -9 ... Canada 1483 1.1 ... 15 ...Philippines 987 0.9 ... 16 ... United Arab Emirates 1367 1.0 ... 18 ...Saudi Arabia 845 0.7 ... -141 ... Malaysia 1100 0.8 ... -10 ...

Above 15 106102 92.2 - - - Above 15 114313 85.4 - - -

Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination, 2006

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

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Table I.16 (continued)

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006

Hong Kong, China a World 72674 100.0 15 16 14 World 36905 100.0 9 9 9China 17637 24.3 8 10 7 China 9846 26.7 8 8 8United States 15323 21.1 17 15 19 European Union (25) 5835 15.8 19 17 21European Union (25) 12527 17.2 21 18 23 United States 5489 14.9 10 12 8Japan 5166 7.1 14 14 15 Japan 3125 8.5 8 9 7Taipei, Chinese 4676 6.4 8 13 3 Australia 2096 5.7 5 8 2

Above 5 55329 76.1 - - - Above 5 26391 71.5 - - -Singapore 2004 2.8 15 15 16 Singapore 1957 5.3 28 20 36Australia 1936 2.7 36 45 28 Taipei, Chinese 1466 4.0 9 11 7Korea, Republic of 1920 2.6 18 7 30 Canada 997 2.7 1 -1 3Canada 1133 1.6 12 12 12 Thailand 990 2.7 2 -1 5Malaysia 846 1.2 11 9 12 Korea, Republic of 690 1.9 -6 3 -14Thailand 777 1.1 17 29 6 Malaysia 542 1.5 15 14 16Switzerland 720 1.0 9 5 14 Macao, China 501 1.4 6 4 8India 620 0.9 10 5 15 India 429 1.2 30 38 23Indonesia 536 0.7 29 33 26 United Arab Emirates 377 1.0 36 42 31Philippines 476 0.7 16 47 -9 Philippines 357 1.0 4 6 2

Above 15 66297 91.2 - - - Above 15 34697 94.0 - - -Singapore b, c

World 58957 100.0 12 13 12 World 61745 100.0 11 10 12United States 7735 13.1 18 16 20 United States 10786 17.5 6 8 4European Union (25) 7678 13.0 15 9 21 European Union (25) 10155 16.4 25 22 28Japan 5036 8.5 8 10 6 Japan 3807 6.2 13 -5 34Australia 2703 4.6 16 23 10 Hong Kong, China 1744 2.8 17 11 25Hong Kong, China 2600 4.4 12 21 4 China 1345 2.2 2 0 4

Above 5 25752 43.7 - - - Above 5 27836 45.1 - - -China 2479 4.2 4 8 1 Australia 1154 1.9 8 0 16Indonesia 2298 3.9 11 6 16 India 931 1.5 23 22 23Malaysia 1976 3.4 6 4 8 Korea, Republic of 842 1.4 12 14 10Korea, Republic of 1914 3.2 5 17 -6 Malaysia 792 1.3 7 3 10India 1616 2.7 14 17 10 Switzerland 782 1.3 2 11 -6Thailand 1525 2.6 7 14 1 Indonesia 719 1.2 -3 -5 0Switzerland 1302 2.2 -1 1 -4 Taipei, Chinese 669 1.1 28 18 40Taipei, Chinese 1204 2.0 6 13 -1 Thailand 632 1.0 7 17 -1United Arab Emirates 864 1.5 10 2 18 Norway 371 0.6 5 39 -20Philippines 615 1.0 3 -3 10 Philippines 271 0.4 10 -5 27

Above 15 41544 70.5 - - - Above 15 34999 56.7 - - -Korea, Republic of d

World 48382 100.0 9 8 11 World 68023 100.0 17 18 17United States 11788 24.4 7 8 6 United States 19845 29.2 19 16 22European Union (25) 7805 16.1 18 17 18 European Union (25) 11865 17.4 13 13 13China 6705 13.9 16 14 17 Japan 8251 12.1 14 15 13Japan 6427 13.3 -2 -2 -2 China 7478 11.0 23 28 18

Above 4 32725 67.6 - - - Above 4 47439 69.7 - - -

Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination, 2006

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

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Table I.16 (continued)

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006

AustraliaWorld 32438 100.0 8 9 7 World 31600 100.0 7 9 6European Union (25) 6196 19.1 3 4 2 European Union (25) 7361 23.3 7 9 5United States 4042 12.5 10 9 11 United States 5431 17.2 8 8 9China 2481 7.6 16 24 8 Singapore 3105 9.8 16 18 15Japan 2324 7.2 -1 2 -4 New Zealand 1696 5.4 5 3 7New Zealand 2299 7.1 6 12 -1 Japan 1571 5.0 4 8 0

Above 5 17342 53.5 - - - Above 5 19164 60.6 - - -Singapore 2128 6.6 13 14 11 Hong Kong, China 1248 4.0 6 11 2Korea, Republic of 1230 3.8 21 23 19 Thailand 913 2.9 20 9 32Hong Kong, China 1199 3.7 1 3 -2 Switzerland 866 2.7 6 9 3India 1154 3.6 37 57 20 China 826 2.6 1 12 -9Malaysia 894 2.8 4 13 -4 Malaysia 643 2.0 10 14 6Indonesia 595 1.8 -4 -5 -4 Fiji 578 1.8 9 13 4Canada 530 1.6 21 11 32 Canada 459 1.5 5 16 -5Thailand 509 1.6 7 9 5 Indonesia 401 1.3 -25 -7 -39Switzerland 379 1.2 12 10 13 Korea, Republic of 313 1.0 15 10 20Taipei, Chinese 367 1.1 2 7 -3 Viet Nam 313 1.0 8 12 5

Above 15 26328 81.2 - - - Above 15 25724 81.4 - - -Russian Federation e

World 30866 100.0 23 21 25 World 43803 100.0 17 18 16European Union (25) 11901 38.6 18 16 20 European Union (25) 18994 43.4 19 23 15United States 2650 8.6 24 26 22 Turkey 3954 9.0 17 23 13Ukraine 1532 5.0 ... ... 38 United States 2485 5.7 6 -14 31Switzerland 1284 4.2 25 33 17 Ukraine 1948 4.4 ... ... -5Turkey 1267 4.1 40 43 37 Egypt 1304 3.0 33 34 33

Above 5 18634 60.4 - - - Above 5 28686 65.5 - - -Kazakhstan 1081 3.5 33 17 52 Switzerland 1152 2.6 11 4 18China 832 2.7 15 3 28 China 1102 2.5 11 8 14Japan 613 2.0 20 25 16 Panama 673 1.5 33 55 13British Virgin Islands 594 1.9 29 42 18 Kazakhstan 615 1.4 21 24 18Uzbekistan 476 1.5 ... ... 127 United Arab Emirates 535 1.2 15 5 26Tajikistan 454 1.5 76 13 172 Belarus 493 1.1 10 1 20Korea, Republic of 450 1.5 14 8 20 Israel 365 0.8 11 31 -6Belarus 394 1.3 26 18 35 Korea, Republic of 359 0.8 36 34 38Canada 377 1.2 78 -2 225 Serbia and Montenegro 319 0.7 -24 -65 66Azerbaijan 326 1.1 ... ... 60 British Virgin Islands 304 0.7 93 98 88

Above 15 24232 78.5 - - - Above 15 34605 79.0 - - -

Trade in commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination, 2006

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

e In 2006 trade in commercial services not allocated geographically accounted for 6 per cent of exports and 11 per cent of imports.Note: For more information on asymmetries, see the Metadata, Section II.2.

a Financial intermediation services are not allocated geographically. In 2006, they represented 2 per cent of exports, and 0.3 per cent of imports.b The following transactions are not allocated geographically: travel exports and imports; financial services exports related to foreign exchange trading; imports of freight transportation services and, insurance on goods imports. Overall, they represent 12 per cent of commercial services exports, and 34 per cent of imports.c ASEAN countries accounted for 12 per cent of total commercial services exports and 5 per cent of imports.d In 2006 trade in commercial services not allocated geographically accounted for 10 per cent of exports and imports.

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5. Regional Trade Agreements

Table I.17

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Destination United States Canada Mexico NAFTAAll other countries World

Origin

ValueUnited States 1990 - 83.0 28.3 111.3 282.3 393.6

2000 - 176.4 111.7 288.1 493.8 781.92005 - 211.4 120.0 331.5 572.8 904.32006 - 230.2 134.1 364.4 672.3 1036.62007 - 248.4 136.5 384.9 777.6 1162.5

Canada 1990 95.2 - 0.5 95.7 31.9 127.62000 241.6 - 1.4 243.0 33.7 276.62005 302.2 - 2.8 305.0 55.1 360.12006 316.7 - 3.9 320.5 67.7 388.22007 331.9 - 4.6 336.6 82.4 419.0

Mexico 1990 32.3 0.2 - 32.5 8.2 40.72000 147.2 3.3 - 150.5 15.9 166.42005 183.8 4.2 - 188.1 26.1 214.22006 212.1 5.2 - 217.3 32.7 250.02007 223.7 6.5 - 230.1 41.9 272.0

NAFTA 1990 127.5 83.2 28.8 239.5 322.4 561.92000 388.8 179.7 113.1 681.6 543.4 1224.92005 486.1 215.7 122.8 824.6 654.0 1478.62006 528.8 235.4 138.0 902.2 772.6 1674.82007 555.6 254.9 141.1 951.6 901.8 1853.4

Share United States 2000 - 14.4 9.1 23.5 40.3 63.8

2007 - 13.4 7.4 20.8 42.0 62.7Canada 2000 19.7 - 0.1 19.8 2.7 22.6

2007 17.9 - 0.2 18.2 4.4 22.6Mexico 2000 12.0 0.3 - 12.3 1.3 13.6

2007 12.1 0.3 - 12.4 2.3 14.7NAFTA 2000 31.7 14.7 9.2 55.6 44.4 100.0

2007 30.0 13.8 7.6 51.3 48.7 100.0Annual percentage change United States 2000-07 - 5 3 4 7 6

2006 - 9 12 10 17 152007 - 8 2 6 16 12

Canada 2000-07 5 - 19 5 14 62006 5 - 39 5 23 82007 5 - 20 5 22 8

Mexico 2000-07 6 10 - 6 15 72006 15 22 - 16 25 172007 5 25 - 6 28 9

NAFTA 2000-07 5 5 3 5 8 62006 9 9 12 9 18 132007 5 8 2 5 17 11

Merchandise exports of NAFTA countries by destination, 1990-2007

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Table I.18

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination MERCOSUR World

Origin TotalSouth and Central

America Other regions

ValueArgentina 1990 1833 10520 516 10004 12353

2000 8402 17939 3936 14003 263412006 9944 36625 8013 28612 465692007 12471 43462 8710 34752 55933

Brazil 1990 1320 30094 1893 28201 314142000 7762 47324 4402 42922 550862006 13986 123821 17984 105837 1378072007 17354 143295 20159 123136 160649

Paraguay 1990 379 580 122 458 9592000 553 316 120 196 8692006 917 989 392 597 19062007 1374 1411 878 533 2785

Uruguay 1990 595 1098 27 1071 16932000 1024 1271 136 1135 22952006 942 3011 410 2601 39532007 1244 3241 412 2829 4485

MERCOSUR 1990 4127 42292 2558 39734 464192000 17741 66850 8594 58256 845912006 25789 164446 26799 137647 1902352007 32443 191409 30159 161250 223852

ShareArgentina 2000 9.9 21.2 4.7 16.6 31.1

2007 5.6 19.4 3.9 15.5 25.0Brazil 2000 9.2 55.9 5.2 50.7 65.1

2007 7.8 64.0 9.0 55.0 71.8Paraguay 2000 0.7 0.4 0.1 0.2 1.0

2007 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.2 1.2Uruguay 2000 1.2 1.5 0.2 1.3 2.7

2007 0.6 1.4 0.2 1.3 2.0MERCOSUR 2000 21.0 79.0 10.2 68.9 100.0

2007 14.5 85.5 13.5 72.0 100.0Annual percentage changeArgentina 2000-07 6 13 12 14 11

2006 29 12 9 13 152007 25 19 9 21 20

Brazil 2000-07 12 17 24 16 172006 19 16 25 15 162007 24 16 12 16 17

Paraguay 2000-07 14 24 33 15 182006 1 27 29 26 132007 50 43 124 -11 46

Uruguay 2000-07 3 14 17 14 102006 21 15 57 10 162007 32 8 0 9 13

MERCOSUR 2000-07 9 16 20 16 152006 22 15 20 14 162007 26 16 13 17 18

All other regions

Merchandise exports of MERCOSUR countries by destination, 1990-2007

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Table I.19

(Million dollars and percentage)

Origin MERCOSUR World

Destination TotalSouth and Central

America Other regions

ValueArgentina 1990 833 3243 399 2844 4076

2000 6881 18273 816 17457 251542006 12556 21602 1174 20428 341582007 16063 28717 1486 27231 44780

Brazil 1990 2441 20083 1349 18734 225242000 8182 50871 3513 47358 590532006 9488 86363 6069 80294 958512007 12282 114299 7209 107090 126581

Paraguay 1990 404 948 58 890 13522000 1132 1061 76 985 21932006 1939 3940 357 3583 58792007 2948 4332 57 4275 7280

Uruguay 1990 560 783 87 696 13432000 1518 1948 237 1711 34662006 2174 2583 701 1882 47572007 2624 3102 684 2418 5726

MERCOSUR 1990 4238 25057 1893 23164 292952000 17713 72153 4642 67511 898662006 26157 114488 8301 106187 1406452007 33917 150450 9436 141014 184367

ShareArgentina 2000 7.7 20.3 0.9 19.4 28.0

2007 8.7 15.6 0.8 14.8 24.3Brazil 2000 9.1 56.6 3.9 52.7 65.7

2007 6.7 62.0 3.9 58.1 68.7Paraguay 2000 1.3 1.2 0.1 1.1 2.4

2007 1.6 2.3 0.0 2.3 3.9Uruguay 2000 1.7 2.2 0.3 1.9 3.9

2007 1.4 1.7 0.4 1.3 3.1MERCOSUR 2000 19.7 80.3 5.2 75.1 100.0

2007 18.4 81.6 5.1 76.5 100.0Annual percentage changeArgentina 2000-07 13 7 9 7 9

2006 8 27 -2 29 192007 28 33 27 33 31

Brazil 2000-07 6 12 11 12 122006 26 23 64 21 232007 29 32 19 33 32

Paraguay 2000-07 15 22 -4 23 192006 15 94 155 89 582007 52 10 -84 19 24

Uruguay 2000-07 8 7 16 5 72006 33 15 112 -2 232007 21 20 -2 28 20

MERCOSUR 2000-07 10 11 11 11 112006 16 25 54 23 232007 30 31 14 33 31

All other regions

Merchandise imports of MERCOSUR countries by origin, 1990-2007

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Table I.20

(Million dollars and percentage)

Destination Andean Community World

Origin TotalSouth and Central

America Other regions

ValueBolivia 1990 57 869 359 510 926

2000 259 971 378 593 12302006 381 3494 2384 1110 38752007 372 4118 2644 1474 4490

Colombia 1990 169 6597 965 5632 67662000 877 12163 2762 9401 130402006 1988 22400 5290 17110 243882007 2148 27843 8196 19647 29991

Ecuador 1990 171 2543 594 1949 27142000 554 4373 921 3452 49272006 1763 10965 1665 9300 127282007 2154 11631 2735 8896 13785

Peru 1990 156 3074 301 2773 32302000 337 6691 784 5907 70282006 1037 22763 3339 19424 238002007 1233 26723 4229 22494 27956

Andean Community 1990 553 13083 2219 10864 136362000 2027 24198 4845 19353 262252006 5169 59622 12678 46944 647912007 5907 70315 17804 52511 76222

ShareBolivia 2000 1.0 3.7 1.4 2.3 4.7

2007 0.5 5.4 3.5 1.9 5.9Colombia 2000 3.3 46.4 10.5 35.8 49.7

2007 2.8 36.5 10.8 25.8 39.3Ecuador 2000 2.1 16.7 3.5 13.2 18.8

2007 2.8 15.3 3.6 11.7 18.1Peru 2000 1.3 25.5 3.0 22.5 26.8

2007 1.6 35.1 5.5 29.5 36.7Andean Community 2000 7.7 92.3 18.5 73.8 100.0

2007 7.7 92.3 23.4 68.9 100.0Annual percentage changeBolivia 2000-07 5 23 32 14 20

2006 24 41 57 15 392007 -2 18 11 33 16

Colombia 2000-07 14 13 17 11 132006 -5 18 16 18 152007 8 24 55 15 23

Ecuador 2000-07 21 15 17 14 162006 26 26 5 31 262007 22 6 64 -4 8

Peru 2000-07 20 22 27 21 222006 28 37 39 37 372007 19 17 27 16 17

Andean Community 2000-07 17 16 20 15 162006 12 27 26 28 262007 14 18 40 12 18

All other regions

Merchandise exports of Andean Community countries by destination, 1990-2007

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Table I.21

(Million dollars and percentage)

Origin Andean Community World

Destination TotalSouth and Central

America Other regions

ValueBolivia 1990 27 660 297 363 687

2000 144 1686 731 955 18302006 263 2551 1360 1191 28142007 312 3132 1653 1479 3444

Colombia 1990 152 5438 936 4502 55902000 667 10872 1985 8887 115392006 1955 24091 4898 19193 260462007 2347 30550 5032 25518 32897

Ecuador 1990 87 1774 281 1493 18612000 568 3153 836 2317 37212006 1900 10214 2954 7260 121142007 1976 11589 3722 7867 13565

Peru 1990 284 2350 572 1778 26342000 775 6640 1838 4802 74152006 2163 13149 4106 9043 153122007 2617 17563 4616 12947 20180

Andean Community 1990 550 10222 2086 8136 107722000 2154 22351 5390 16961 245052006 6281 50005 13318 36687 562862007 7252 62834 15023 47811 70086

ShareBolivia 2000 0.6 6.9 3.0 3.9 7.5

2007 0.4 4.5 2.4 2.1 4.9Colombia 2000 2.7 44.4 8.1 36.3 47.1

2007 3.3 43.6 7.2 36.4 46.9Ecuador 2000 2.3 12.9 3.4 9.5 15.2

2007 2.8 16.5 5.3 11.2 19.4Peru 2000 3.2 27.1 7.5 19.6 30.3

2007 3.7 25.1 6.6 18.5 28.8Andean Community 2000 8.8 91.2 22.0 69.2 100.0

2007 10.3 89.7 21.4 68.2 100.0Annual percentage changeBolivia 2000-07 12 9 12 6 9

2006 18 20 19 22 202007 19 23 22 24 22

Colombia 2000-07 20 16 14 16 162006 32 22 30 20 232007 20 27 3 33 26

Ecuador 2000-07 19 20 24 19 202006 7 20 23 19 182007 4 13 26 8 12

Peru 2000-07 19 15 14 15 152006 21 23 32 19 222007 21 34 12 43 32

Andean Community 2000-07 19 16 16 16 162006 19 22 28 20 212007 15 26 13 30 25

All other regions

Merchandise imports of Andean Community countries by origin, 1990-2007

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Table I.22

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Destination ASEAN World

Origin Total Asia Other regions

ValueIndonesia 1990 3 23 15 8 26

2000 11 54 28 26 652006 19 85 50 35 1042007 23 95 55 40 118

Malaysia 1990 9 21 10 11 292000 26 72 33 39 982006 42 119 56 62 1612007 45 131 66 65 176

Philippines 1990 1 8 3 5 82000 5 34 13 21 402006 8 39 20 19 472007 8 42 26 17 50

Singapore a 1990 14 39 15 24 532000 42 96 45 51 1382006 84 188 111 77 2722007 95 204 122 82 299

Thailand 1990 3 20 7 14 232000 13 56 23 32 692006 27 104 50 53 1312007 33 120 59 61 153

ASEAN 1990 29 115 ... ... 1442000 104 328 ... ... 4322006 191 580 ... ... 7712007 216 649 ... ... 864

ShareIndonesia 2000 2.7 12.5 6.6 5.9 15.1

2007 2.7 11.0 6.4 4.6 13.7Malaysia 2000 6.0 16.7 7.6 9.1 22.7

2007 5.2 15.1 7.6 7.5 20.4Philippines 2000 1.3 7.9 3.1 4.9 9.2

2007 0.9 4.9 3.0 1.9 5.8Singapore a 2000 9.6 22.3 10.4 11.9 31.9

2007 11.0 23.6 14.2 9.5 34.6Thailand 2000 3.1 12.9 5.4 7.5 16.0

2007 3.8 13.9 6.9 7.0 17.7ASEAN 2000 24.0 76.0 ... ... 100.0

2007 25.0 75.0 ... ... 100.0Annual percentage changeIndonesia 2000-07 11 8 10 6 9

2006 18 19 18 21 192007 21 12 11 15 14

Malaysia 2000-07 8 9 10 7 92006 14 14 11 17 142007 8 10 17 4 10

Philippines 2000-07 6 3 10 -3 32006 15 15 10 21 152007 -2 8 25 -10 6

Singapore a 2000-07 13 11 15 7 122006 17 19 23 14 182007 13 9 10 7 10

Thailand 2000-07 14 12 14 9 122006 14 20 19 21 192007 20 16 18 14 17

ASEAN 2000-07 11 10 ... ... 102006 15 18 ... ... 182007 13 12 ... ... 12

All other regions

Merchandise exports of ASEAN countries by destination, 1990-2007

a Includes significant re-exports.

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Table I.23

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Origin ASEAN World

Destination Total Asia Other regions

ValueIndonesia 1990 2 20 10 10 22

2000 8 35 12 23 442006 25 55 16 39 802007 30 63 20 43 92

Malaysia 1990 6 24 12 11 292000 20 62 34 29 822006 33 98 55 43 1312007 37 110 64 46 147

Philippines 1990 1 12 5 6 132000 5 32 15 17 372006 11 43 23 20 542007 13 45 26 19 58

Singapore a 1990 12 48 21 28 612000 40 95 42 53 1352006 62 176 87 89 2392007 66 197 96 101 263

Thailand 1990 4 29 16 13 332000 10 52 27 25 622006 25 104 57 46 1292007 25 116 67 49 141

ASEAN 1990 26 136 .. .. 1622000 89 291 .. .. 3812006 173 515 .. .. 6882007 190 584 .. .. 774

ShareIndonesia 2000 2.2 9.2 3.1 6.1 11.5

2007 3.8 8.1 2.6 5.6 11.9Malaysia 2000 5.2 16.4 8.9 7.5 21.5

2007 4.8 14.2 8.2 6.0 19.0Philippines 2000 1.4 8.3 3.8 4.5 9.7

2007 1.7 5.8 3.3 2.4 7.5Singapore a 2000 10.5 24.9 11.0 13.9 35.3

2007 8.5 25.5 12.5 13.0 34.0Thailand 2000 2.7 13.6 7.1 6.5 16.3

2007 3.2 15.0 8.7 6.3 18.2ASEAN 2000 23.5 76.5 .. .. 100.0

2007 24.5 75.5 .. .. 100.0Annual percentage changeIndonesia 2000-07 20 9 8 9 11

2006 12 4 -2 6 62007 16 15 27 10 15

Malaysia 2000-07 10 8 9 7 92006 14 14 14 15 142007 12 12 15 8 12

Philippines 2000-07 14 5 8 1 72006 15 8 9 7 92007 26 3 12 -7 7

Singapore a 2000-07 7 11 13 10 102006 20 19 18 20 192007 6 12 11 13 10

Thailand 2000-07 13 12 14 10 122006 10 9 9 8 92007 -2 12 18 5 9

ASEAN 2000-07 11 10 .. .. 112006 17 13 .. .. 142007 10 13 .. .. 13

All other regions

Merchandise imports of ASEAN countries by origin, 1990-2007

a Includes significant imports for re-export.

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6. Least-developed countries

Table I.24

(Million dollars and percentage)

2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006

LDCs 349200 24 34 21 30 4 3Afghanistan 8399 ... ... ... ... ... ...Angola 45163 90 ... 87 ... 3 ...Bangladesh 61897 14 20 14 19 1 1Benin 4775 23 20 17 15 6 4Bhutan 942 30 39 26 33 4 5Burkina Faso 6173 9 11 8 10 1 1Burundi 903 7 7 7 6 0 1Cambodia 7258 50 68 38 51 12 17Cape Verde 1144 26 43 7 11 19 33Central African Republic 1494 18 11 17 10 1 1Chad 6541 15 53 13 51 2 1Comoros 403 24 14 6 3 19 11Congo, Dem. Rep. of 8543 22 ... 21 ... 2 ...Djibouti 769 18 21 6 7 13 13Equatorial Guinea 8565 100 94 100 94 1 1Eritrea 1085 14 ... 6 ... 9 ...Ethiopia 13315 11 14 6 8 5 7Gambia 511 45 39 30 21 15 18Guinea 3317 22 31 21 30 1 1Guinea-Bissau 304 31 26 29 24 2 1Haiti 4975 13 13 9 10 4 3Kiribati 71 26 ... 13 ... 13 ...Lao People's Dem. Rep. 3437 28 35 20 29 9 6Lesotho 1494 29 50 25 46 4 3Liberia 631 ... 25 ... 25 ... 0Madagascar 5499 29 29 21 18 8 11Malawi 3164 25 18 23 15 2 3Maldives 927 72 74 17 23 55 51Mali 5866 26 31 23 26 4 5Mauritania 2663 36 55 33 51 3 3Mozambique 6833 16 40 9 35 8 5Myanmar 13123 24 37 19 35 5 2Nepal 8938 22 12 14 9 7 3Niger 3663 18 16 16 14 2 2Rwanda 2494 6 9 4 6 2 3Samoa 424 ... 34 ... 2 ... 32Sao Tome and Principe 123 ... 13 ... 6 ... 7Senegal 9186 27 25 20 17 7 8Sierra Leone 1450 8 22 2 19 6 3Solomon Islands 336 38 51 23 36 15 15Somalia ... ... ... ... ... ... ...Sudan 37442 15 16 15 15 0 0Tanzania 12784 14 26 7 15 6 11Timor Leste 356 ... ... ... ... ... ...Togo 2206 31 42 27 34 3 8Tuvalu ... ... ... ... ... ... ...Uganda 9419 11 17 8 13 3 5Vanuatu 388 59 46 11 10 48 36Yemen 19057 42 ... 40 ... 2 ...Zambia 10734 27 39 23 37 4 2

Memorandum item:World 48461900 25 30 20 25 5 6

Note: Trade in goods is derived from balance of payments statistics and does not correspond to the merchandise trade statistics given elsewhere in this report. Data are estimated for most countries. See the Metadata.

Ratio of exports of goods and commercial services to GDP of the least-developed countries, 2006

Commercial services

Value Ratio to GDP

Goods and commercial servicesGDP Goods

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Table I.25

Value Value

2007 2000-07 2005 2006 2007 2007 2000-07 2005 2006 2007

LDCs 123600 19 36 24 19 120723 15 20 15 20Oil exporters Angola 39900 26 79 32 25 11400 21 43 5 30Equatorial Guinea 9950 37 52 18 21 3100 32 35 24 18Sudan 8879 26 28 17 57 8775 28 66 19 9Yemen 7310 9 37 14 0 6500 16 22 9 23Chad 3450 52 44 8 1 1500 25 0 38 15Exporters of manufactures Bangladesh 12453 10 12 27 6 18595 11 15 15 16Myanmar 6257 21 60 20 36 3250 4 -12 33 27Cambodia 4100 17 10 14 17 5500 16 23 21 16Madagascar 1190 5 -14 14 22 2590 13 2 5 45Lao People's Dem. Rep. 923 16 52 59 5 1065 10 24 20 0Nepal 888 1 12 -3 6 2904 9 18 9 17Lesotho 805 20 -8 7 16 1730 11 -2 4 18Haiti 522 7 20 10 1 1682 7 11 12 4Exporters of commodities Zambia 4619 32 15 108 22 3971 22 19 20 29Mozambique 2700 33 19 34 13 3300 16 18 19 15Congo, Dem. Rep. of 2650 18 18 6 14 3700 27 14 21 35Tanzania 2022 16 13 4 16 5337 20 21 29 26Senegal 1698 9 5 1 7 4452 17 13 7 30Uganda 1623 20 34 17 37 3466 12 19 25 36Mauritania 1510 23 42 119 10 1510 19 9 -18 29Mali 1480 15 13 41 -5 2255 16 13 18 24Ethiopia 1284 15 33 15 24 5395 23 34 16 12Guinea 1100 7 15 18 9 1190 10 5 13 28Niger 733 15 9 6 44 970 14 7 18 2Malawi 710 9 4 8 31 1450 15 25 4 20Togo 690 10 10 -7 13 1440 14 36 4 15Benin 650 7 2 -2 14 1500 14 0 17 43Burkina Faso 607 16 -2 26 3 1650 15 9 5 14Bhutan 600 29 41 60 45 480 15 -6 9 14Afghanistan 480 15 22 6 18 2950 14 13 5 14Somalia 290 6 0 -3 0 680 10 0 8 3Sierra Leone 244 52 14 46 6 445 17 20 13 14Maldives 228 11 -10 39 1 1096 16 16 24 18Central African Republic 195 3 2 23 23 230 10 16 16 13Liberia 184 -8 26 20 17 499 -4 -8 51 7Rwanda 177 19 27 14 24 737 20 41 24 49Solomon Islands 168 14 6 17 38 240 15 52 8 20Guinea-Bissau 95 6 18 -17 28 140 13 27 20 10Burundi 62 3 19 4 7 319 12 53 60 -26Djibouti 60 10 4 40 9 410 10 6 21 22Vanuatu 30 2 1 -3 -18 215 14 17 7 35Cape Verde 19 8 17 17 -7 750 18 2 24 38Samoa 15 1 11 -10 45 227 12 15 17 4Eritrea 15 -12 5 -5 43 515 1 3 2 2Gambia 13 -2 -20 43 13 315 8 4 9 21Comoros 9 -7 -35 -17 -14 120 16 15 17 4Kiribati 9 13 45 76 35 95 13 25 -14 50Sao Tome and Principe 3 0 -4 13 -21 70 13 20 42 -1Tuvalu 1 100 -54 2687 -24 14 15 13 -2 8Timor Leste ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...

Memorandum item: World a 13950000 12 14 16 15 14244000 11 13 14 15

a Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export. Note: Data for 2007 are largely estimated.

Merchandise exports and imports of the least-developed countries by selected country grouping, 2007

Imports

Annual percentage change

(Million dollars and percentage)

Exports

Annual percentage change

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Table I.26

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Value Value

2007 2006 2007 2006 2005 2006 2007 2006 2007

A. Agricultural productsTotal LDCs 4470 2 23 Total LDCs 4998 14 12 Total LDCs 675 9 -5

Tanzania 457 2 28 Myanmar 1593 25 20 Bangladesh 181 34 -14Uganda 427 -5 25 Tanzania 259 20 -14 Liberia 136 41 -10Senegal 400 0 32 Burkina Faso 255 18 11 Ethiopia 86 6 32Ethiopia 372 8 27 Ethiopia 240 71 40 Madagascar 48 -7 16Madagascar 312 13 2 Bangladesh 225 29 25 Malawi 44 -52 -4Bangladesh 308 12 10 Solomon Islands 212 13 15 Tanzania 30 18 43Malawi 280 -6 41 Vanuatu 197 10 39 Haiti 26 14 6Mozambique 269 17 49 Mali 181 -29 26 Uganda 18 -15 -6Congo, Dem. Rep. of 191 29 27 Benin 170 0 -21 Senegal 12 1074 -29Togo 177 1 29 Lao People's Dem. Rep. 150 7 31 Lao People's Dem. Rep. 9 -54 2378Sudan 161 -35 47 Mozambique 141 11 22 Sudan 8 -53 23Others (39) 1117 0 14 Others (39) 1375 7 3 Others (39) 75 -2 -32

B. Fuels and mining productsTotal LDCs 11004 4 46 Total LDCs 35546 29 56 Total LDCs 18697 32 7

Angola 4129 -16 82 Angola 14092 28 82 Angola 13985 40 11Equatorial Guinea 2765 10 37 Yemen 6239 23 38 Chad 2227 28 12Mozambique 1629 29 15 Sudan 5264 43 15 Equatorial Guinea 1842 -1 -5Mauritania 626 22 17 Equatorial Guinea 3635 26 75 Yemen 305 59 -35Guinea 501 -13 39 Myanmar 2221 45 31 Guinea 168 31 38Zambia 483 222 27 Zambia 1298 15 76 Sierra Leone 60 2390 68Congo, Dem. Rep. of 431 -18 75 Lao People's Dem. Rep. 484 1938 238 Congo, Dem. Rep. of 46 -97 1062Yemen 226 25 131 Guinea 460 18 159 Zambia 44 -12 66Others (42) 215 -20 3 Others (42) 1853 1 66 Others (42) 21 177 -89

C. ManufacturesTotal LDCs 10759 12 -2 Total LDCs 2141 26 -2 Total LDCs 8681 14 10

Bangladesh 6644 31 5 Bangladesh 678 14 21 Bangladesh 3953 20 5Cambodia 924 25 11 Myanmar 282 -5 27 Cambodia 2778 25 14Liberia 435 -4 -58 Nepal 213 -2 -19 Haiti 489 8 1Madagascar 397 22 17 Cambodia 205 7 7 Lesotho 462 1 6Congo, Dem. Rep. of 362 -18 -9 Angola 162 4598 67 Madagascar 325 -12 21Angola 288 -29 -26 Bhutan 116 34 67 Equatorial Guinea 224 -41 134Myanmar 253 11 -16 Liberia 114 256 -52 Congo, Dem. Rep. of 156 -37 105Niger 242 13 48 Samoa 74 506 563 Nepal 108 -8 -9Equatorial Guinea 184 -14 27 Senegal 60 75 -79 Angola 56 -13 11Lesotho 168 21 113 Lao People's Dem. Rep. 25 -25 19 Malawi 21 -21 9Lao People's Dem. Rep. 159 4 -7 Tanzania 24 -52 40 Lao People's Dem. Rep. 18 49 31Sierra Leone 120 -14 7 Madagascar 23 59 21 Tanzania 15 -18 7Nepal 112 0 3 Ethiopia 20 32 10 Niger 9 504 19Others (37) 472 -37 -11 Others (37) 145 -5 -17 Others (37) 66 -18 -19

a Australia, China, Hong Kong, China; India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea Rep. of , Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore and Taipei Chinese. b Canada and United States

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change

Annual percentage

change

Imports of agicultural products, fuels and manufactures of the European Union (27), Asia and North America from least-developed countries, 2007

Asia a North America b European Union (27)

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Table I.27

(Million dollars and percentage)

2006 2000 2006 2000 2006 2000 2006

Least developed countries 11600 20 23 47 51 33 26Afghanistan ... ... ... ... ... ... ...Angola ... 6 ... ... ... 94 ...Bangladesh 603 32 15 18 13 50 72Benin 196 14 15 61 59 25 26Bhutan 52 ... ... ... ... ... ...Burkina Faso 70 13 3 67 75 20 22Burundi 6 43 15 37 24 20 62Cambodia 1244 17 13 72 77 11 9Cape Verde 372 44 34 40 58 16 8Central African Republic 14 4 5 51 69 45 26Chad 81 2 ... 65 ... 33 ...Comoros 42 13 11 81 63 6 26Congo, Dem. Rep. of ... ... ... ... ... ... ...Djibouti 103 76 78 12 9 12 13Equatorial Guinea 46 3 ... 50 ... 47 ...Eritrea ... 18 ... 64 ... 18 ...Ethiopia 890 56 66 15 18 30 16Gambia 92 ... 17 76 72 ... 11Guinea 34 58 26 7 ... 34 ...Guinea-Bissau 4 12 13 ... 71 ... 16Haiti 150 ... ... 81 90 ... ...Kiribati ... 12 ... 8 ... 81 ...Lao People's Dem. Rep. 221 13 16 76 72 11 11Lesotho 51 2 1 67 54 31 45Liberia 1 ... 31 ... 69 ... 0Madagascar 587 16 26 39 42 45 32Malawi 80 26 ... 74 ... 0 ...Maldives 470 6 6 93 92 1 2Mali 291 36 13 44 60 20 27Mauritania 87 1 ... 20 ... 79 ...Mozambique 355 30 30 23 39 47 31Myanmar 256 17 51 35 18 48 31Nepal 252 15 14 38 51 47 35Niger 84 24 11 64 43 12 46Rwanda 74 34 41 57 42 8 17Samoa 134 ... 4 ... 67 ... 29Sao Tome and Principe 8 2 2 76 83 22 16Senegal 713 10 16 44 35 47 49Sierra Leone 40 46 34 27 58 27 8Solomon Islands 51 3 27 9 3 89 69Somalia ... ... ... ... ... ... ...Sudan 178 63 11 22 71 15 19Tanzania 1467 10 23 65 65 25 12Timor Leste ... ... ... ... ... ... ...Togo 175 23 39 18 12 59 50Tuvalu ... ... ... ... ... ... ...Uganda 437 15 3 81 71 4 27Vanuatu 140 24 17 47 66 28 17Yemen ... 12 ... 42 ... 46 ...Zambia 228 37 38 58 48 5 14

Memorandum item:World 2777900 24 23 32 27 44 50Note: Data are estimated for most countries. The improvement of the quality of data in recent years may have resulted in changes relating to the breakdown of exports of commercial services by category of services. See the Metadata, Section II.2.

Exports of commercial services of the least-developed countries by category, 2006

Other commercial services

Value Share in commercial services

Commercial services Transportation services Travel

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7. Foreign affi liates trade in services

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Annual percentage change

2003 2004 2005 2000-03 2004 2005

Australia a 24.6 ... ... ... ... ...Austria b 9.1 9.4 13.9 ... 4 48Belgium b, c 31.7 41.8 47.8 31 32 14Canada d 70.6 74.8 85.3 -6 6 14Czech Republic e 0.3 0.4 1.0 -3 58 139Finland f ... 13.0 12.4 ... ... -4France b, c, g 145.6 ... ... -12 ... ...Germany ... ... 383.4 ... ... ...Greece ... ... 3.5 ... ... ...Hungary f ... 0.4 ... ... ... ...Italy ... ... 80.2 ... ... ...Japan 40.3 44.5 ... ... 10 ...Portugal b 5.6 7.1 9.9 1 27 40Slovak Republic f ... ... 0.0 ... ... ...United States 521.8 583.5 653.3 6 12 12

Excluding wholesale and retail trade and repair activities. Economies shown in italics exclude most or a large part of financial intermediation activities.a Refers to fiscal year 2002-03 (July-June). Community, social and personal (except health), hotels and restaurants and communications services are not covered. Only includes affiliates directly controlled.b Only includes affiliates directly owned.c Classified under services according to actvity of parent company.d Branches are excluded.e Only the first level of indirect ownership is coveredf Community, social and personal services are not covered.g Refers to 2002 value and annual percentage change for 2000-02.Note: Given the recent development of this statistical framework, comparability and coverage of economy data may not always be complete. See the Metadata, Section II.2.

Table I.28

Sales by foreign affiliates of resident companies - affiliates located abroad primarily engaged in services activities (outward FATS), 2003-2005

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(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Annual percentage change

2003 2004 2005 2000-03 2004 2005

Austria a 24.9 ... ... ... ... ...Belgium 25.0 28.2 28.9 ... 12 3Bulgaria b ... 2.5 2.9 ... ... 19Cyprus b, c ... 0.9 0.9 ... ... 8Czech Republic 18.6 23.0 28.5 40 23 24Denmark b, d, e 4.9 ... ... 29 ... ...Estonia ... 1.6 ... ... ... ...Finland 9.9 12.7 12.2 27 28 -4France 102.6 128.8 148.0 ... 26 15Germany ... ... 183.9 ... ... ...Greece d 4.5 ... ... ... ... ...Hong Kong, China b, f ... 83.1 91.6 ... ... 10Hungary 8.4 11.8 ... ... 41 ...Israel 3.8 ... ... ... ... ...Italy 60.4 71.9 78.1 ... 19 9Japan g, h 14.8 20.8 ... ... 40 ...Latvia b 0.9 1.3 ... ... 52 ...Lithuania b ... 1.9 2.3 ... ... 23Netherlands a, b, h 35.7 43.9 54.5 27 23 24New Zealand i 11.9 ... ... ... ... ...Norway b 17.2 18.6 ... 22 8 ...Poland 6.9 9.0 11.3 ... 31 25Portugal b 10.4 7.5 10.0 ... -28 33Romania b, c 2.3 5.0 4.4 ... 122 -11Slovak Republic b ... 3.6 5.0 ... ... 39Slovenia 0.8 1.2 ... ... 55 ...Spain a, b 40.6 52.3 52.5 ... 29 0Sweden 36.4 43.5 46.0 25 19 6Trinidad and Tobago d 0.2 ... ... 29 ... ...United Kingdom 174.8 222.1 253.3 ... 27 14United States 416.0 425.7 456.3 1 2 7

a Only direct control.b Some or all community, social and personal services activities are not covered.c Hotels and restaurants activities are not covered.d Refers to 2002 value and annual percentage change for 2000-02.e Transport, storage and communications activities are not covered.f Includes other income.g No estimation for non-response.h Real estate activities are also not covered. i Preliminary results based on 53 per cent of foreign affiliates.Note : Given the recent development of this statistical framework, comparability and coverage of data may not always be complete. See the Metadata, Section II.2.

Excluding wholesale and retail trade as well as repair activities. For economies shown in italics data exclude all or a large part of financial intermediation activities.

Table I.29

Sales by affiliates of foreign companies - resident affiliates primarily engaged in services activities (inward FATS), 2003-2005

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CHANDIS

E TR

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BY

PRODU

CT

II

II.

Prices of agricultural products increased by 14 per cent in 2007, compared

with 7 per cent for manufactured goods and 11 per cent for fuels and mining

products. This price rise helped to boost the value of agricultural exports, which

rose by 19 per cent, exceeding the performance of both manufactured goods and

fuels and mining products.

Sharply rising prices of cereals and vegetable oils contributed to the 21 per

cent expansion of food exports. This price hike was due partly to strong demand

on the part of developing and emerging economies and to a new demand for bio-

fuels. The increased cost of fertilizers also contributed to the higher food prices,

with prices for the most common fertilizers rising between 39 and 68 per cent

in 2007.

Net food exporters benefi ted from the rise in prices,

which tended to raise their export revenues. In 2007,

India and Thailand saw their rice exports grow by a stag-

gering 62 and 44 per cent respectively. Russia and Brazil

also experienced impressive growth in food exports (45

per cent and 23 per cent respectively).

Some 12 per cent of Africa’s import bill was devoted to

food in 2007, nearly double the world average. Between

2002 and 2007, food imports increased sharply in China

(an average annual growth of (27 per cent), the 12 new

member states of the European Union (27 per cent) and

the Commonwealth of Independent States (23 per cent).

Together, they increased their share of world food imports

to 9.3 per cent in 2007, from 5.6 per cent in 2002.

Rise of fuel exports decelerates in 2007

Fuels and mining products

World exports of fuels and mining products increased by 15 per cent in 2007, signifi cantly below the 28 per cent recorded in

2006. This is mainly due to the lower growth in fuel prices, 11 per cent, compared with 41 per cent in 2005 and 21 per cent in

2006. This is the fi rst time since 2003 that world exports of fuels increased at a slower pace than other major product groups.

In volume terms, exports of fuels remained roughly constant in 2007; oil imports of developed economies actually declined by

nearly 2 per cent.

China, the Republic of Korea and India are among the top ten importers of fuels. India and China recorded growth of 20 and

18 per cent respectively in their fuel imports in 2007. African oil exporters were among the main benefi ciaries of this trend (in

2007, 25 per cent of China’s fuel imports originated from Africa, compared with 18 per cent in 2000). However, high fuel prices

created serious problems for net fuel-importing countries in sub-Saharan Africa. For a number of countries, more than half of

Higher food prices lift the value of

agricultural trade

Agriculture

IN THIS CHAPTER :

Agriculture

Fuels and mining products

Manufactured goods

Offi ce and telecom equipment

Automotive products

Clothing

Cut fl owers

Export Processing Zones (EPZs)

The Highlights

II. MERCHANDISE TRADE BY PRODUCT

5

0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

2003 2004 2005 2006 20072002

Food imports of selected economies, 2002-2007 Chart II.1

(Billion dollars)

EU 12 new member statesChina

CISAfrica

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their foreign exchange earnings from merchandise exports were spent on fuel imports in 2007, and in some cases this share

exceeded 75 per cent. Tanzania’s share was 79 per cent, followed by Senegal and Burundi, each of which spent 76 per cent of

export earnings on fuels.

In 2007, high prices continued for ores and other minerals, with exports growing by 26 per cent. Since 2000, these commodi-

ties have registered an average annual increase of 31 per cent in value and 29 per cent in price. In particular, the rapid increase

in imports by large emerging economies contributed to the strong performance of this sector. Over the last fi ve years, for example,

Chinese imports of ores and other minerals grew by an average annual rate of 55 per cent.

Iron and steel leads the way

Manufactured goods

In 2007, world exports of manufactured goods were

valued at $9.5 trillion, 15 per cent higher than in 2006

and in line with the expansion of total merchandise

exports. The share of manufactured goods in total

merchandise exports was 70 per cent; since 2000,

however, this share has dropped by 5 points.

In 2007, the fastest growing components of manu-

factured goods were iron and steel, which increased

by 27 per cent, followed by chemicals and transport

equipment (18 per cent each). In recent years, iron

and steel has been among the fastest growing export

products of China, increasing by an annual rate of 73

per cent since 2002. Consequently, China overtook

Germany to become the leading exporter of iron and

steel in 2007, rising from 17th place in the ranking of

world exporters in 2002.

0 5 10 15 20 25 30

Chart II.2

(Annual percentage change)

World merchandise exports by product group, 2007

Office and telecomequipment ($1514bn)

Textiles ($238bn)

Clothing ($345bn)

Fuels ($2039bn)

Scientific and controllinginstruments ($280bn)

Automotive products ($1183bn)

Other semi-manufactures ($915bn)

Non-ferrous metals ($362bn)

Pharmaceuticals ($369bn)

Other machinery ($1740bn)

Other chemicals ($1115bn)

Agricultural products ($1128bn)

Ores and minerals ($258bn)

Iron and steel ($474bn)

Average

0 20 40 60 80 100

Chart II.3

(Percentage)

The coverage of fuel imports by total merchandise exports, 2007

Kenya

Uganda

Seychelles

Ethiopia

Rwanda

Cape Verde

Burundi

Tanzania

Senegal

200720062005200420032002

10

0

20

30

40

50

60

Chart II.4

(Billion dollars)

Exports of iron and steel of China and Germany, 2002-2007

China Germany

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A marked deceleration in trade in 2007

Office and telecom equipment

World trade in offi ce and telecom equipment increased by less than 4 per cent in 2007, in sharp contrast to the 14 per cent

growth registered in 2006.

This slowdown is widely spread across the world,

but it has largely stemmed from measures taken by the

United Kingdom against the so-called Missing Trader

Intra-Community (MTIC) fraud. This involved the mis-

appropriation of VAT by fraudulent importers within the

European Union. The fraud tends to be targeted at

high-value, low-volume goods, such as mobile phones

and computer components, and considerably infl ates

trade between EU states in offi ce and telecom equip-

ment. It is estimated that trade associated with MTIC

fraud dropped from $42 billion in 2006 to just $3 bil-

lion in 2007 in the UK, causing intra-EU trade in offi ce

and telecom equipment to decline by 12 per cent.

Excluding intra-EU trade fl ows, offi ce and telecom equipment exports were still the least dynamic component of world trade.

Their global value increased by 8 per cent as all major traders apart from the Republic of Korea and Japan registered a marked

slowdown compared with their 2006 performance.

Despite sluggish import growth, the sizeable US and extra-EU trade defi cits expanded again in 2007. US exports even

decreased, for the fi rst time since 2002. China increased its exports by a remarkable 21 per cent, further developing its role

as a central hub for global manufacturing of electronic products. At the same time, China remained the fastest growing mar-

ket for Asian economies’ exports of integrated circuits

and other intermediate products. Japan and most

Asian information technology (IT) exporters continued

strengthening their exports of integrated circuits and

electronic components to the growing Asian market.

China, the Republic of Korea, Mexico and Thai-

land achieved an above-average export performance

in offi ce and telecom equipment due to their speciali-

sation in fi nished products. The Republic of Korea

and Mexico saw their exports of telecom equipment

rise by about 25 per cent; Mexico overtook Japan and

the United States to become the world’s fi fth-largest

exporter of these products. Thailand benefi ted from

further specialisation in electronic data processing and

offi ce equipment, and expanded its exports by 12 per

cent.

2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007100

150

200

250

300

350

Reported intra-EU exports Intra-EU exports corrected for UK fraudulent trade with the EU

Note: corrected intra-EU exports have been calculated by subtracting UK total estimated fraudulent trade to the EU from Eurostat total intra-EU exports of office and telecom equipment

Chart II.5

(Million dollars)

Intra-EU trade in office and telecom equipment and impact of the UK MTIC fraudulent trade, 2002-2007

-10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30

Chart II.6

(Annual percentage change)

Exports of office and telecom equipment from China and other Asian economies to their main markets, 2007

Other Asia

China

USA

EU 27

Other AsiaChina

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Competition from emerging economies increases

Automotive products

Driven by an 18 per cent increase in imports of the European Union and strong demand in the emerging and oil-rich econo-

mies, the value of world exports of automotive products expanded by 16 per cent in 2007. Exports to North America, however,

almost stagnated (2 per cent) refl ecting the lack of dynamism of this market. Between 2000 and 2007, exports to North America

increased by an annual average rate of 5 per cent, less than half the world average for the period. As a result, excluding intra-EU

trade, North America’s share in world imports declined from 64 per cent in 2000 to 44 per cent in 2007. By contrast, the weight

of emerging countries is increasing. Imports of the CIS, for example, expanded by a remarkable 60 per cent in 2007. Follow-

ing a 76 per cent increase in 2006, car shipments from the European Union to Russia surged by a further 70 per cent in 2007.

Japanese car exports to Russia also attained remarkable growth of 72 per cent and 54 per cent in 2006 and 2007 respectively.

Chinese exporters make inroads in the Commonwealth of Independent States

Clothing

In 2007, the value of world exports of clothing increased by 12 per cent, the same rate as in 2006. Excluding China, the

world’s leading exporter, growth is a more modest 7 per cent. The clothing market’s share in total merchandise exports has pro-

gressively declined from 3.2 per cent in 2000 to 2.5 per cent in 2007. Nonetheless, the value of China’s clothing exports rose

by 21 per cent in 2007 to $115 billion, accounting for a third of world exports. This performance follows an even stronger one in

2006, when the country’s exports grew by 29 per cent. China has also made impressive inroads in the CIS region, with exports

expanding by an annual average of 41 per cent between 2000 and 2007. Between 2006 and 2007, the value of Chinese exports

to this region doubled, reaching $13.7 billion.

0 10 20 30 40 500 5 10 15 20 25

Chart II.7

(Percentage)

Shares in world exports of automotive products (excluding intra-EU(27) trade), 2000 and 2007

Shares in world imports of automotive products (excluding intra-EU(27) trade), 2000 and 2007

Brazil

Thailand

Turkey

China

Mexico

Korea, Republic of

Canada

United States

Japan

European Union (27)

20072000 20072000

Turkey

South Africa

Japan

Australia

China

Mexico

Russian Federation

Canada

European Union (27)

United States

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Extra-EU exports also experienced growth of 19 per cent, recording total trade of $24.8 billion. Between 2000 and 2007,

exports declined in the Republic of Korea (by an annual average of 13 per cent), Chinese Taipei (12 per cent), the United States

(9 per cent), the Philippines (7 per cent) and Mexico (7 per cent). In contrast, a number of developing countries continue to

increase their clothing exports, including Viet Nam (29 per cent rise in 2007), Madagascar (18 per cent), Egypt (23 per cent)

and Cambodia (13 per cent).

2000 2007

Chart II.8 Shares in world clothing exports, 2000 and 2007

(Percentage)

India 3%

Turkey 3%

United States 4%

Mexico 4%

Hong Kong, China 5%

Bangladesh 3%

Indonesia 2%

Korea, Rep. 3%

Rest of the World26%

EU (27)29%

China 18%

India 3%

Turkey 4%

Viet Nam 2%

United States 1%

Mexico 1%Hong Kong, China 1%

Bangladesh 3%

Indonesia 2%

Rest of the World19%

EU (27)30%

China34%

Provide niche market for Africa

Cut flowers

A key challenge for developing countries is to diversify their exports in order to reduce the volatility of their export earnings

and to create new job opportunities. An example of this diversifi cation is the development by some sub-Saharan countries of the

cut fl ower industry. Between 2000 and 2007, cut fl ower exports from this region expanded by an average annual rate of 20 per

cent. Africa’s share of world exports doubled to 8 per cent over this period. Kenya, Africa’s leading exporter of cut fl owers, is the

fourth-largest world supplier and the largest outside supplier to EU countries.

From 2003 to 2007, exports of cut fl owers from Ethiopia increased by an average annual rate of 142 per cent. Zambia’s ex-

ports expanded by an annual rate of 44 per cent between 2000 and 2006. This improvement was helped by factors such as a

generous incentive package for investors and effi cient transport services. Kenya’s fl ower industry has benefi ted from the improved

airport infrastructure serving the booming tourism sector.

2000 2007

62%

20%

4% 4%10%

60%

21%

8% 6%5%

(Percentage)

Chart II.9 Regions' share in world cut flower exports, 2000 and 2007

Europe

S & C America

Africa

Asia

Others

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South and Central America and the Caribbean face competition for clothing exports

Export Processing Zones (EPZs)

Labour-intensive mass-production activities tend to be

based in low-cost labour countries. These activities often

take place in “export processing zones” (EPZs) of developing

economies, where imported materials and other intermedi-

ate goods are processed or assembled for export. For some

countries, these EPZs account for a substantial proportion of

their total exports.

From 1997 to 2007, exports of manufactured goods from

EPZs in Mexico, the Dominican Republic and some Central

American countries grew faster than traditional exports in the

fi rst half of this period but slower in the second half.

China’s entry into the WTO in 2001 and the expiry of the

Agreement on Textiles and Clothing at the end of 2004 helped

to increase global competition in the clothing market, which

was refl ected in lower export growth in the EPZs. The affected countries also faced competition from new Asian entrants, such as

Viet Nam and Cambodia, as well as from traditional competitors, such as India and Bangladesh. As a result, US clothing imports

from the EPZs of these countries declined at average annual rates of up to 13.4 per cent. Another reason for the decline was the

higher export revenues from natural resources.

Some preferential trade agreements (PTAs), such as the US Caribbean Basin Trade Partnership Act, combined with safeguard

measures imposed by the European Union and the United States on imports of certain textiles and clothing from China, helped

some developing countries to maintain or even marginally increase their exports. Those PTAs, which permit the assembly of cloth-

ing from fabrics sourced from countries other than the United States, have helped small exporters, such as Madagascar and Haiti,

increase their exports of clothing to the United States by 26 per cent and 15 per cent per year respectively in the last fi ve years.

Some countries have managed to diversify the activities of their EPZs. The Dominican Republic increased its exports of elec-

trical products and jewellery by nearly 9 per cent between 2002 and 2007; while Mexico has shifted to the relatively high-skilled

sectors of automotive products, televisions and video projectors. Between 2000 and 2007, Mexico’s exports of TV receivers and

video projectors expanded by 21 per cent per year. Costa Rica also expanded its exports of offi ce and telecommunication equip-

ment by an average annual rate of 21 per cent during this period. China, with a 32 per cent share in 2007, is now the major

destination for Costa Rica’s exports of this product category.

0

-5

5

10

15

20

25

5

0

10

15

20

25

30

Chart II.11

(Average annual percentage change)

EPZs and traditional export developments

Traditional tradeEPZs

2002-2007

Costa

Rica

Domini

can R

ep.

El Salv

ador

Hondu

ras

Mexico

Costa

Rica

Domini

can R

ep.

El Salv

ador

Hondu

ras

Mexico

1997-2002

0

20

40

60

80

100

Chart II.10

(Percentage)

Importance of EPZs exports in total exports, 2007

TraditionalEPZs

Morocco

Dominic

an Rep

.

Tunisia

Hondu

ras

Costa

Rica

Madag

asca

r

Mauriti

usChin

a

El Salv

ador

Mexico

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1. Overview

Table II. 1

World merchandise exports by major product group, 2007

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Agricultural products

Total Fuels TotalIron and

steel Chemicals

Office and telecom

equipmentAutomotive

products Textiles Clothing

Value 1128 2659 2038 9500 474 1483 1514 1183 238 345Share in world merchandise trade 8.3 19.5 15.0 69.8 3.5 10.9 11.1 8.7 1.7 2.5Annual percentage change

1980-85 -2 -5 -5 2 -2 1 9 5 -1 41985-90 9 3 0 15 9 14 18 14 15 181990-95 7 2 1 9 8 10 15 8 8 81995-00 -1 10 12 5 -2 4 10 5 0 52000-07 13 21 20 12 22 17 8 13 7 10

2005 8 38 43 10 17 12 11 7 4 62006 11 28 23 13 18 13 14 11 8 122007 19 15 13 15 27 19 4 16 9 12

ManufacturesFuels and mining

products

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Table II.2

World merchandise exports by major product group and region, 2007

Agricultural products

Total Fuels Total Iron and

steel Chemicals

Office and telecom

equipment Automotive

products Textiles Clothing

World 1127.7 2658.6 2038.4 9499.5 474.2 1483.2 1514.3 1182.9 238.1 345.3Share in total exports 8.3 19.5 15.0 69.8 3.5 10.9 11.1 8.7 1.7 2.5Annual percentage change 2000-2007 11 17 17 11 19 14 7 11 6 82006 11 28 23 13 18 13 14 11 8 122007 19 15 13 15 27 19 4 16 9 12North America 177.7 257.5 171.9 1338.0 26.9 199.3 204.0 219.9 16.9 11.0Share in total exports 9.6 13.9 9.3 72.2 1.5 10.8 11.0 11.9 0.9 0.6Annual percentage change 2000-2007 6.4 15.4 14.7 4.8 13.3 9.9 -0.3 4.8 1.0 -7.72006 10.9 23.8 15.2 11.7 11.2 12.8 11.7 8.5 1.4 -8.22007 17.4 16.3 13.8 8.5 16.2 14.8 3.0 7.6 -1.8 -15.1South and Central America 125.2 205.5 118.4 154.2 19.3 29.9 6.5 21.2 3.4 12.5Share in total exports 25.1 41.2 23.7 30.9 3.9 6.0 1.3 4.2 0.7 2.5Annual percentage change 2000-2007 13 17 14 11 17 15 6 16 7 12006 12 35 25 10 4 16 13 14 -2 -42007 23 13 8 15 18 17 -5 12 22 0Europe 519.3 605.5 392.6 4538.2 228.2 883.3 402.7 654.5 92.7 122.4Share in total exports 9.0 10.5 6.8 78.6 4.0 15.3 7.0 11.3 1.6 2.1Annual percentage change 2000-2007 11 17 16 11 18 15 5 12 6 102006 10 30 22 12 19 12 14 9 5 72007 19 13 9 16 27 19 -7 18 11 14Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 38.6 334.1 289.3 128.2 45.4 27.4 1.1 7.5 2.0 1.8Share in total exports 7.6 65.5 56.7 25.1 8.9 5.4 0.2 1.5 0.4 0.3Annual percentage change 2000-2007 17 21 24 17 19 16 11 21 7 52006 17 29 28 17 10 16 35 32 8 12007 31 19 20 23 21 23 3 34 14 9Africa 34.3 295.8 260.0 79.8 9.4 13.0 2.4 5.3 2.2 11.4Share in total exports 8.1 69.7 61.3 18.8 2.2 3.1 0.6 1.3 0.5 2.7Annual percentage change 2000-2007 9 19 19 12 17 14 14 18 6 62006 6 23 21 9 0 11 28 14 22 12007 13 16 15 15 18 18 0 5 16 19Middle East 19.2 565.4 554.5 159.3 4.5 43.1 16.6 9.8 7.0 5.3Share in total exports 2.5 74.4 73.0 21.0 0.6 5.7 2.2 1.3 0.9 0.7Annual percentage change 2000-2007 15 16 16 15 24 20 9 25 5 102006 22 26 25 14 29 17 -8 37 28 292007 20 12 13 18 20 18 9 23 20 7Asia 213.3 394.8 251.7 3101.9 140.4 287.0 880.9 264.6 113.8 181.0Share in total exports 5.6 10.4 6.6 81.6 3.7 7.6 23.2 7.0 3.0 4.8Annual percentage change 2000-2007 11 19 17 12 22 16 10 13 7 102006 14 30 22 16 27 15 15 15 10 202007 20 18 16 16 32 21 10 18 9 12

Fuels and mining products Manufactures

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Table II.3

Exports Imports

Share in total merchandise World 8.3 8.3North America 9.6 6.0South and Central America 25.1 8.7Europe 9.0 9.2Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 7.6 10.9Africa 8.1 14.0Middle East 2.5 10.2Asia 5.6 7.4

Share in primary products World 29.8 29.8North America 40.8 23.9South and Central America 37.9 31.3Europe 46.2 35.2Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 10.3 49.6Africa 10.4 47.5Middle East 3.3 47.8Asia 35.1 21.8

Share of agricultural products in trade in total merchandise and in primary products by region, 2007

(Percentage)

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world merchandise trade by product and region.

Table II.4

Exports Imports

World 19.5 19.5North America 13.9 19.0South and Central America 41.2 19.2Europe 10.5 16.9Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 65.5 11.1Africa 69.7 15.4Middle East 74.4 11.1Asia 10.4 26.6

World 70.2 70.2North America 59.2 76.1South and Central America 62.1 68.7Europe 53.8 64.8Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 89.7 50.4Africa 89.6 52.5Middle East 96.7 52.2Asia 64.9 78.2

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world merchandise trade by product and region.

Share of fuels and mining products in trade in total merchandise and in primary products by region, 2007

(Percentage)

Share in total merchandise

Share in primary products

Table II.5

Exports Imports

Share in total merchandise World 15.0 15.0North America 9.3 15.9South and Central America 23.7 16.5Europe 6.8 12.2Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 56.7 8.9Africa 61.3 13.2Middle East 73.0 9.1Asia 6.6 19.8

Share in primary products World 53.8 53.8North America 39.5 63.8South and Central America 35.8 59.1Europe 34.9 47.0Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 77.6 40.4Africa 78.8 44.8Middle East 94.9 42.5Asia 41.4 58.1

Share of fuels in trade in total merchandise and in primary products by region, 2007

(Percentage)

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world merchandise trade by product and region.

Table II.6

Exports Imports

Share in total merchandise World 69.8 69.8North America 72.2 72.8South and Central America 30.9 69.1Europe 78.6 72.1Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 25.1 76.7Africa 18.8 68.0Middle East 21.0 75.7Asia 81.6 63.7

Share of manufactures in total merchandise trade by region, 2007

(Percentage)

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world merchandise trade by product and region.

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Table II.7

Exports Imports

World 3.5 3.5North America 1.5 2.2South and Central America 3.9 2.8Europe 4.0 3.9Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 8.9 4.3Africa 2.2 4.4Middle East 0.6 6.8Asia 3.7 3.2

World 5.0 5.0North America 2.0 3.0South and Central America 12.5 4.1Europe 5.0 5.5Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 35.4 5.6Africa 11.8 6.5Middle East 2.8 9.0Asia 4.5 5.0

Share of iron and steel in trade in total merchandise and in manufactures by region, 2007

(Percentage)

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world merchandise trade by product and region.

Share in total merchandise

Share in manufactures

Table II.8

Exports Imports

Share in total merchandise World 10.9 10.9North America 10.8 8.7South and Central America 6.0 13.3Europe 15.3 12.9Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 5.4 9.8Africa 3.1 10.0Middle East 5.7 7.4Asia 7.6 9.5

Share in manufactures World 15.6 15.6North America 14.9 11.9South and Central America 19.4 19.3Europe 19.5 17.9Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 21.4 12.7Africa 16.3 14.7Middle East 27.1 9.8Asia 9.3 14.9

Share of chemicals in trade in total merchandise and in manufactures by region, 2007

(Percentage)

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world merchandise trade by product and region.

Table II.9

Exports Imports

Share in total merchandise World 11.1 11.1North America 11.0 12.7South and Central America 1.3 7.7Europe 7.0 8.8Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.2 6.2Africa 0.6 5.7Middle East 2.2 7.1Asia 23.2 16.8

Australia, Japan and New Zealand 12.0 11.1Other Asia 26.6 18.6

Share in manufactures World 15.9 15.9North America 15.2 17.4South and Central America 4.2 11.1Europe 8.9 12.2Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.9 8.0Africa 3.1 8.4Middle East 10.4 9.4Asia 28.4 26.5

Australia, Japan and New Zealand 15.6 19.6Other Asia 31.9 28.3

Share of office and telecom equipment in trade in total merchandise and in manufactures by region, 2007

(Percentage)

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world merchandise trade by product and region.

Table II.10

Exports Imports

Share in total merchandise World 8.7 8.7North America 11.9 12.6South and Central America 4.2 9.5Europe 11.3 9.8Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 1.5 12.6Africa 1.3 9.6Middle East 1.3 10.2Asia 7.0 3.1

Australia, Japan and New Zealand 18.5 5.0Other Asia 3.5 2.5

Share in manufactures World 12.5 12.5North America 16.4 17.3South and Central America 13.8 13.8Europe 14.4 13.6Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 5.9 16.4Africa 6.7 14.1Middle East 6.2 13.5Asia 8.5 4.8

Australia, Japan and New Zealand 24.2 8.8Other Asia 4.2 3.8

Share of automotive products in trade in total merchandise and in manufactures by region, 2007

(Percentage)

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world merchandise trade by product and region.

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Table II.11

Exports Imports

Share in total merchandise World 1.7 1.7North America 0.9 1.3South and Central America 0.7 2.7Europe 1.6 1.6Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.4 2.2Africa 0.5 4.0Middle East 0.9 2.7Asia 3.0 1.8

Australia, Japan and New Zealand 0.9 1.3Other Asia 3.6 2.0

Share in manufactures World 2.5 2.5North America 1.3 1.8South and Central America 2.2 3.9Europe 2.0 2.2Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 1.6 2.8Africa 2.8 5.9Middle East 4.4 3.5Asia 3.7 2.8

Australia, Japan and New Zealand 1.2 2.3Other Asia 4.4 3.0

Share of textiles in trade in total merchandise and in manufactures by region, 2007

(Percentage)

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world merchandise trade by product and region.

Table II.12

Exports Imports

Share in total merchandise World 2.5 2.5North America 0.6 3.5South and Central America 2.5 1.7Europe 2.1 2.8Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.3 5.3Africa 2.7 2.1Middle East 0.7 2.3Asia 4.8 1.4

Australia, Japan and New Zealand 0.1 3.5Other Asia 6.2 0.7

Share in manufactures World 3.6 3.6North America 0.8 4.8South and Central America 8.1 2.5Europe 2.7 3.8Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 1.4 6.9Africa 14.3 3.1Middle East 3.3 3.1Asia 5.8 2.1

Australia, Japan and New Zealand 0.1 6.2Other Asia 7.4 1.1

Share of clothing in trade in total merchandise and in manufactures by region, 2007

(Percentage)

Note: Import shares are derived from the Secretariat's network of world merchandise trade by product and region.

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2. Agriculture products

Table II.13

2007 2000 2007 2000 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

World 1127.7 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 11 11 19Europe . . . . . . . .

World 519.3 100.0 100.0 44.2 46.1 11 10 19Europe 419.6 79.0 80.8 34.9 37.2 12 9 19Asia 26.7 6.1 5.2 2.7 2.4 9 10 14North America 23.9 5.4 4.6 2.4 2.1 9 11 6Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 16.6 2.0 3.2 0.9 1.5 19 25 25Africa 15.3 3.3 2.9 1.4 1.4 10 13 24Middle East 11.2 2.5 2.1 1.1 1.0 9 7 20South and Central America 4.7 1.2 0.9 0.6 0.4 6 20 17

Asia . . . . . . . . World 213.3 100.0 100.0 18.3 18.9 11 14 20Asia 119.3 60.8 55.9 11.1 10.6 10 12 18Europe 35.4 15.2 16.6 2.8 3.1 13 17 25North America 28.7 13.8 13.4 2.5 2.5 11 14 13Middle East 11.9 4.5 5.6 0.8 1.1 15 19 30Africa 9.3 2.7 4.4 0.5 0.8 19 10 36Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 4.9 1.1 2.3 0.2 0.4 23 22 32South and Central America 3.2 1.0 1.5 0.2 0.3 18 25 35

North America . . . . . . . . World 177.7 100.0 100.0 20.8 15.8 6 11 17North America 74.8 42.6 42.1 8.9 6.6 6 9 8Asia 55.6 31.6 31.3 6.6 4.9 6 13 21Europe 20.7 13.7 11.7 2.9 1.8 4 7 17South and Central America 12.0 5.4 6.8 1.1 1.1 10 15 32Africa 6.8 2.8 3.8 0.6 0.6 11 15 60Middle East 5.0 2.7 2.8 0.6 0.4 7 35 46Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 2.1 0.9 1.2 0.2 0.2 11 0 48

South and Central America . . . . . . . . World 125.2 100.0 100.0 9.6 11.1 13 12 23Europe 40.8 33.9 32.6 3.2 3.6 12 12 27Asia 25.1 15.8 20.1 1.5 2.2 17 5 31North America 20.5 22.0 16.4 2.1 1.8 9 12 8South and Central America 19.2 18.6 15.3 1.8 1.7 10 15 33Africa 7.2 3.0 5.7 0.3 0.6 24 18 23Middle East 6.4 3.9 5.1 0.4 0.6 18 21 23Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 5.7 2.2 4.6 0.2 0.5 25 21 4

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) . . . . . . . . World 38.6 100.0 100.0 2.4 3.4 17 17 31Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 12.4 27.7 32.2 0.7 1.1 19 12 36Asia 10.3 29.3 26.6 0.7 0.9 15 25 19Europe 9.3 31.7 24.0 0.8 0.8 12 15 29Africa 2.7 1.7 7.0 0.0 0.2 43 -4 118Middle East 2.4 2.2 6.2 0.1 0.2 35 14 44North America 0.8 3.2 2.0 0.1 0.1 9 13 3South and Central America 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 -4 117 -38

Africa . . . . . . . . World 34.3 100.0 100.0 3.4 3.0 9 6 13Europe 16.5 49.5 48.0 1.7 1.5 8 7 12Africa 6.9 18.9 20.2 0.6 0.6 10 12 14Asia 5.7 18.2 16.5 0.6 0.5 7 -7 15Middle East 1.7 5.4 4.9 0.2 0.1 7 18 9North America 1.6 5.2 4.7 0.2 0.1 7 -4 1Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.6 1.0 1.8 0.0 0.1 20 -8 42South and Central America 0.2 0.9 0.6 0.0 0.0 3 20 69

Middle East . . . . . . . . World 19.2 100.0 100.0 1.3 1.7 15 22 20Middle East 10.8 54.8 56.3 0.7 1.0 15 31 22Europe 3.0 22.6 15.8 0.3 0.3 9 -3 15Asia 1.7 8.7 8.7 0.1 0.1 15 8 12Africa 1.4 3.2 7.3 0.0 0.1 29 28 24Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.8 4.0 4.3 0.1 0.1 16 51 20North America 0.4 2.7 1.9 0.0 0.0 9 7 10South and Central America 0.1 0.6 0.3 0.0 0.0 7 47 16

Exports of agricultural products of regions by destination, 2007

Annual percentage change

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Share in region's exports Share in world exports

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Table II.14

Value Share Value Share

2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007 2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

Region Region World 28026 100.0 9 12 14 World 109573 100.0 7 8 6North America 17584 62.7 8 10 16 North America 39428 36.0 5 5 5Europe 3582 12.8 10 15 14 Asia 25879 23.6 9 12 8Asia 3541 12.6 12 13 13 Europe 21630 19.7 8 9 7South and Central America 2664 9.5 11 19 10 South and Central America 19760 18.0 7 11 5Africa 460 1.6 11 25 7 Africa 1764 1.6 6 0 -5CIS 118 0.4 12 32 -7 CIS 715 0.7 8 21 7Middle East 77 0.3 9 8 18 Middle East 397 0.4 9 -7 18

Economy Economy United States 16362 58.4 7 12 14 Canada 27323 24.9 3 2 3European Union (27) 3300 11.8 10 15 13 European Union (27) 20012 18.3 8 9 6Mexico 1151 4.1 22 45 43 Mexico 12103 11.0 9 12 8China 1020 3.6 24 19 17 China 5907 5.4 21 25 13Brazil 704 2.5 12 25 6 Brazil 4226 3.9 9 10 6

Above 5 22537 80.4 - - - Above 5 69571 63.5 - - -Thailand 523 1.9 8 17 19 Chile 3968 3.6 9 17 -1Chile 522 1.9 15 19 14 Thailand 3597 3.3 4 18 4Australia 422 1.5 6 8 2 Indonesia 3219 2.9 11 13 6New Zealand 333 1.2 9 -9 18 Australia 2773 2.5 7 1 5Colombia 259 0.9 7 16 -8 New Zealand 1899 1.7 5 -4 -2Indonesia 235 0.8 11 19 -3 Colombia 1806 1.6 4 4 4Costa Rica 194 0.7 12 12 12 Costa Rica 1509 1.4 5 27 7India 188 0.7 10 34 1 Ecuador 1481 1.4 6 10 2Guatemala 185 0.7 9 29 2 Viet Nam 1467 1.3 15 8 18Argentina 182 0.7 7 7 26 Malaysia 1442 1.3 17 24 27Malaysia 172 0.6 16 2 56 India 1393 1.3 3 4 1Viet Nam 153 0.5 16 7 12 Guatemala 1268 1.2 6 1 16Peru 141 0.5 14 23 9 Argentina 1240 1.1 6 18 4South Africa 136 0.5 6 6 1 Philippines 1088 1.0 6 9 8Ecuador 128 0.5 8 25 21 Peru 967 0.9 17 26 11Russian Federation 109 0.4 11 36 -8 Japan 940 0.9 4 9 9Turkey 108 0.4 24 30 49 Honduras 723 0.7 6 1 16Morocco 96 0.3 12 22 39 Korea, Republic of 667 0.6 7 -5 3Switzerland 93 0.3 13 16 8 Russian Federation 656 0.6 8 22 6Côte d'Ivoire 90 0.3 14 26 -15 Dominican Republic 626 0.6 4 22 0Philippines 88 0.3 10 18 6 Turkey 611 0.6 12 9 18Korea, Republic of 84 0.3 8 -9 7 Taipei, Chinese 541 0.5 1 0 10Japan 84 0.3 6 17 11 Côte d'Ivoire 505 0.5 8 -22 -6Uruguay 82 0.3 7 -45 111 Nicaragua 427 0.4 8 22 15Taipei, Chinese 77 0.3 9 6 17 Switzerland 423 0.4 9 16 53Canada 67 0.2 ... 22 12 Uruguay 395 0.4 21 -36 8Norway 51 0.2 1 4 21 Norway 362 0.3 8 33 27Honduras 41 0.1 21 -17 28 South Africa 283 0.3 1 4 -9Nicaragua 36 0.1 16 5 55 Israel 233 0.2 7 -6 8Nigeria 35 0.1 32 489 51 El Salvador 220 0.2 2 -10 31Hong Kong, China 29 0.1 -3 1 -4 Panama 178 0.2 2 -3 -4Jamaica 27 0.1 2 9 13 Fiji 176 0.2 22 1 13Iran, Islamic Rep. of 26 0.1 4 9 8 Bangladesh 175 0.2 2 36 -15Israel 24 0.1 13 4 11 Singapore 170 0.2 3 11 25Singapore 19 0.1 7 -17 26 Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 149 0.1 -7 -5 -8

Above 40 27575 98.4 - - - Above 40 107150 97.8 - - -

Imports of agricultural products of selected economies by origin, 2007

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

(Million dollars and percentage)

United States Canada a

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Table II.14 (continued)

Value Share Value Share

2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007 2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

Region Region World 528536 100.0 11 9 20 World 68939 100.0 1 0 5Europe 397576 75.2 12 9 19 Asia 28393 41.2 2 2 1South and Central America 45762 8.7 12 9 28 North America 22620 32.8 -1 -3 8Asia 33492 6.3 11 15 18 Europe 8872 12.9 3 -2 11Africa 20619 3.9 9 2 17 South and Central America 5303 7.7 4 2 6North America 19381 3.7 3 6 16 CIS 2125 3.1 1 2 9CIS 8077 1.5 11 13 25 Africa 1471 2.1 1 -7 3Middle East 2892 0.5 8 1 15 Middle East 155 0.2 3 -11 24

Economy Economy European Union (27) 379079 71.7 12 9 20 United States 17153 24.9 -1 -2 9Brazil 19351 3.7 14 5 36 China 8852 12.8 3 2 -3United States 14057 2.7 3 5 16 European Union (27) 7864 11.4 4 -2 10Argentina 9126 1.7 13 14 30 Australia 5323 7.7 4 -3 3China 7086 1.3 16 20 27 Canada 4833 7.0 -1 -4 4

Above 5 428699 81.1 - - - Above 5 44024 63.9 - - -Norway 5036 1.0 8 18 11 Thailand 3519 5.1 3 10 -2Russian Federation 4866 0.9 10 12 21 Russian Federation 2049 3.0 1 1 7Turkey 4677 0.9 13 3 9 Indonesia 1979 2.9 3 20 5Canada 4356 0.8 2 7 15 Chile 1967 2.9 5 4 3Indonesia 4127 0.8 10 14 13 Brazil 1885 2.7 7 -7 7Chile 3959 0.7 15 15 22 New Zealand 1397 2.0 2 -7 7Switzerland 3883 0.7 13 20 26 Korea, Republic of 1343 1.9 -5 -11 0Thailand 3665 0.7 10 24 26 Malaysia 1267 1.8 3 11 18South Africa 3204 0.6 10 -4 23 Viet Nam 1082 1.6 8 6 -1Malaysia 3202 0.6 11 15 6 Philippines 1007 1.5 3 -3 8New Zealand 2980 0.6 8 1 6 Taipei, Chinese 973 1.4 -3 -19 -5India 2892 0.5 10 18 24 India 714 1.0 -3 7 8Côte d'Ivoire 2711 0.5 7 2 20 South Africa 638 0.9 5 -11 -4Viet Nam 2542 0.5 23 57 36 Mexico 632 0.9 5 1 12Morocco 2519 0.5 12 5 12 Norway 475 0.7 -4 -20 13Australia 2441 0.5 3 3 5 Argentina 416 0.6 8 48 73Ecuador 2334 0.4 14 4 20 Singapore 378 0.5 3 12 17Colombia 2249 0.4 10 4 20 Colombia 278 0.4 3 -2 -4Ukraine 2031 0.4 23 23 37 Peru 242 0.4 12 40 -1Costa Rica 1773 0.3 11 13 24 Turkey 173 0.3 12 3 26Peru 1703 0.3 15 27 17 Morocco 147 0.2 -10 9 18Israel 1697 0.3 10 1 24 Ecuador 135 0.2 -7 16 -13Iceland 1658 0.3 9 9 11 Myanmar 126 0.2 7 22 5Ghana 1375 0.3 16 7 26 Ghana 123 0.2 15 11 55Kenya 1309 0.2 10 12 11 Iceland 119 0.2 -3 -8 1Cameroon 1262 0.2 7 -3 16 Sri Lanka 107 0.2 -2 17 -4Mexico 960 0.2 11 11 27 Mauritania 102 0.1 4 -22 4Croatia 944 0.2 18 26 4 Guatemala 97 0.1 2 -16 4Serbia 854 0.2 ... 95 18 Switzerland 85 0.1 12 -4 66Tunisia 851 0.2 13 44 -9 Croatia 83 0.1 24 103 -8Uruguay 834 0.2 14 19 18 Ethiopia 79 0.1 4 24 -14Egypt 826 0.2 19 9 28 Papua New Guinea 69 0.1 -9 -13 3Philippines 752 0.1 9 5 13 Israel 68 0.1 5 -3 7Japan 693 0.1 7 6 24 Greenland 65 0.1 -5 -8 2Nigeria 622 0.1 13 -14 23 Tanzania 54 0.1 3 11 -2

Above 40 510487 96.6 - - - Above 40 67898 98.5 - - -

a Imports are valued f.o.b.

Imports of agricultural products of selected economies by origin, 2007

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

(Million dollars and percentage)

European Union (27) Japan

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Table II.15

2007 1980 1990 2000 2007 2000-07 2005 2006 2007

Exporters European Union (27) 487.74 - - 41.7 43.3 11 7 10 19

extra-EU (27) exports 108.66 - - 10.1 9.6 10 8 13 15United States 113.51 17.0 14.3 12.9 10.1 7 4 12 22Canada 48.67 5.0 5.4 6.3 4.3 5 2 7 10Brazil 48.22 3.4 2.4 2.8 4.3 18 14 13 22China 38.85 1.5 2.4 3.0 3.4 13 19 13 19Argentina 28.81 1.9 1.8 2.2 2.6 13 12 11 35Thailand 24.96 1.2 1.9 2.2 2.2 11 4 21 16Russian Federation a 23.52 - - 1.4 2.1 18 23 23 36Indonesia 23.43 1.6 1.0 1.4 2.1 17 16 27 31Australia 22.35 3.3 2.9 3.0 2.0 4 -4 5 1Malaysia 20.51 2.0 1.8 1.4 1.8 14 2 16 32New Zealand 16.04 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 11 7 2 21India 16.02 1.0 0.8 1.1 1.4 15 19 20 30Mexico 15.59 0.8 0.8 1.6 1.4 8 13 15 8Chile 13.63 0.4 0.7 1.2 1.2 11 11 14 19Above 15 941.87 - - 83.4 83.5 - - - -

Importers European Union (27) 528.54 - - 42.3 44.4 11 6 9 20

extra-EU (27) imports 149.46 - - 13.2 12.5 10 5 9 20United States 109.40 8.7 9.0 11.5 9.2 7 9 8 6Japan 68.86 9.6 11.5 10.4 5.8 1 1 0 5China 65.24 2.1 1.8 3.3 5.5 19 7 14 26Canada b 27.34 1.8 2.0 2.5 2.3 9 11 12 14Russian Federation a, b 26.88 - - 1.5 2.3 16 23 22 15Korea, Republic of 21.94 1.5 2.2 2.1 1.8 8 5 11 18Mexico b 21.90 1.2 1.2 1.8 1.8 10 7 12 19Hong Kong, China 13.43 1.2 1.9 2.0 1.1 2 -1 7 13

retained imports 8.60 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.7 4 3 7 10Saudi Arabia 12.45 1.5 0.8 0.9 1.0 12 31 8 26United Arab Emirates a 11.29 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.9 17 17 22 28Taipei, Chinese 10.78 1.1 1.4 1.3 0.9 5 5 2 12Malaysia 10.61 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.9 13 3 17 25Indonesia 10.46 0.6 0.5 1.0 0.9 9 11 2 40Switzerland 10.37 1.2 1.3 0.9 0.9 9 4 7 17Above 15 944.68 - - 82.1 79.3 - - - -

b Imports are valued f.o.b.

Leading exporters and importers of agricultural products, 2007

a Includes Secretariat estimates.

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Share in world exports/imports Annual percentage change Value

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Table II.16

1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2000 2007 a

World 414723 | 553051 849007 943676 1127667 8.8 8.3Argentina 7482 11954 19182 21266 28806 45.4 51.5Australia 11875 16446 21209 22178 22353 25.7 15.8Belarus - 761 1720 1844 2231 10.4 9.2Brazil 9779 15464 35052 39528 48222 28.1 30.0Cameroon b 695 438 735 1011 1099 23.9 30.5Canada 22339 34789 41214 44210 48672 12.6 11.6Chile 2779 6399 10098 11490 13632 33.3 20.0China 10060 16384 28711 32543 38853 6.6 3.2Colombia 2514 3106 4569 4922 5858 23.8 19.5Costa Rica 927 1812 2337 2675 3091 30.9 33.0Côte d'Ivoire b 2374 2308 3368 3508 3898 59.4 45.9Croatia ... 595 1216 1518 1730 13.4 14.0Ecuador 1236 1948 3215 3945 4245 39.5 30.8Egypt b 669 613 1180 1105 1528 13.1 9.4Ethiopia 260 406 822 908 1034 83.5 80.5European Union (27) - 230390 374939 410972 487736 9.4 9.2 intra-EU (27) exports - 174774 291489 316861 379079 10.5 10.5 extra-EU (27) exports - 55616 83450 94111 108657 7.1 6.4Ghana b ... 621 1643 1616 ... 37.2 43.6Guatemala 849 1618 | 1996 2229 2845 60.0 41.1Honduras 680 782 859 1133 1300 23.4 23.2Hong Kong, China 4556 5693 4314 4688 5478 2.8 1.6 domestic exports 821 454 535 576 652 1.9 3.6 re-exports 3735 5240 3779 4113 4826 2.9 1.5Iceland 1274 1257 1833 1857 2083 66.1 43.6India 3506 5931 10271 12353 16020 14.0 11.0Indonesia 4154 7764 14063 17907 23432 11.9 19.9Iran, Islamic Rep. of b 601 932 2279 2911 3512 3.2 4.1Israel 1327 1182 1725 1799 2253 3.8 4.2Japan 3298 4395 6007 6482 7558 0.9 1.1Kenya 559 1062 1628 1898 2231 61.3 54.7Korea, Republic of 2985 4298 5285 5346 6319 2.5 1.7Malawi b 382 342 413 454 617 90.2 86.9Malaysia 7500 8015 13377 15573 20515 8.2 11.6Mexico 3466 9100 12557 14468 15589 5.5 5.7Morocco 1228 1746 2575 2629 2804 23.5 19.1New Zealand 5966 7642 13006 13235 16045 57.6 59.5Nicaragua 295 547 716 843 976 84.8 81.2Norway 3077 4244 5926 6615 7508 7.1 5.5Pakistan b 1081 1234 2155 2210 2327 13.7 13.0Panama 263 580 827 864 937 67.5 80.6Paraguay 863 699 1432 1582 2377 80.4 85.4Peru 789 1911 3163 3812 4184 27.2 15.0Philippines 1683 2026 2729 2830 3190 5.1 6.3Russian Federation b - 7527 14097 17351 23523 7.1 6.6Serbia ... ... ... 1372 1822 ... 20.7Serbia and Montenegro ... 389 1020 ... ... 22.6 20.1Singapore 4095 3723 | 4542 5088 5964 2.7 2.0 domestic exports 1183 1202 | 1879 2359 2399 1.5 1.5 re-exports 2912 2521 | 2662 2730 3565 4.3 2.5South Africa 1691 3227 5246 5022 5573 10.8 8.0Sri Lanka b 758 1093 1496 1695 2049 20.1 26.5Switzerland 2244 2521 | 4000 4693 5993 3.1 3.5Syrian Arab Republic 767 621 | 1084 2133 ... 13.4 19.5Taipei, Chinese 3732 3509 4468 4316 4503 2.4 1.9Tanzania ... 432 732 704 889 65.9 43.9Thailand 7786 12220 17816 21552 24960 17.7 16.3Tunisia 418 548 1155 1456 1516 9.4 10.1Turkey b 3300 3828 8093 8633 10042 13.8 9.4Uganda ... 292 559 598 825 63.4 50.8Ukraine - 1585 4734 5132 6778 10.9 13.8United Arab Emirates b 501 2818 3760 4683 6228 5.7 3.6United States 59404 71408 82674 92664 113511 9.1 9.8Uruguay 1025 1278 2129 2566 2863 55.7 63.7Viet Nam b ... 3954 7579 9304 11697 27.3 24.2

a Or nearest year. b Includes Secretariat estimates.

Value

Exports of agricultural products of selected economies, 1990-2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

Share in economy's total merchandise exports

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Table II.17

1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2000 2007 a

Algeria 2766 2815 4280 4506 6103 30.7 22.1Argentina 326 1644 1247 1396 2225 6.5 5.0Australia b 2735 4234 6579 7268 8919 5.9 5.7Bangladesh c, d 835 1716 2732 3228 4584 19.3 24.7Belarus - 1227 1843 2244 2487 14.2 8.7Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela b 986 1970 2404 3277 4487 13.5 10.7Bosnia and Herzegovina ... ... 1313 1378 1659 ... 17.0Brazil e 2690 4762 4341 5487 7235 8.5 6.0Canada b 9009 15272 21436 23956 27341 6.4 7.2Chile 461 1421 2156 2653 3442 7.7 7.3China 7855 19544 45189 51653 65236 8.7 6.8Colombia 593 1736 2191 2704 3466 15.0 10.5Côte d'Ivoire b ... 453 884 1038 1202 16.3 19.5Croatia ... 777 1785 2023 2340 9.9 9.1Cuba d ... 826 1571 1556 ... 17.1 16.4Dominican Republic b, d 413 964 1172 1336 1697 10.2 12.3Ecuador 206 423 900 985 1289 11.4 9.5Egypt d 4793 4208 4791 4733 6242 30.0 23.1El Salvador d 158 692 1024 983 1377 14.0 15.9European Union (27) f - 253703 405084 441077 528536 9.8 9.5 extra-EU (27) imports - 78952 113596 124259 149457 8.6 7.7Guatemala 196 673 | 1267 1379 1568 14.1 11.6Hong Kong, China 8325 11728 11087 11904 13427 5.5 3.6 retained imports 4591 6488 7308 7792 8601 18.6 22.1India 1721 3953 7547 7870 9580 7.7 4.4Indonesia 2126 5727 7316 7487 10464 13.1 11.3Iran, Islamic Rep. of d 3830 2943 3794 4270 5196 21.2 11.3Israel 1565 2288 2930 3253 3979 6.1 6.7Japan 50762 62185 65947 65623 68865 16.4 11.1Jordan 709 942 1547 1671 2199 20.5 16.3Kazakhstan d - 506 1413 1849 2140 10.0 6.5Korea, Republic of 9531 12837 16773 18579 21943 8.0 6.1Kuwait d 589 1312 2282 2373 2848 18.3 12.0Lebanon b, d ... 1210 1603 1607 2017 19.4 16.5Malaysia 2404 4610 7245 8505 10612 5.6 7.2Mexico b 5374 10989 16457 18462 21901 6.3 7.8Morocco 1096 1941 2774 2832 4622 16.8 14.6New Zealand 756 1204 2200 2329 2841 8.7 9.2Nigeria d 658 1212 2963 4261 6989 13.9 23.7Norway 2090 2956 4823 5239 6770 8.6 8.4Oman d 506 1158 1104 1230 1657 22.6 10.3Pakistan 1568 1882 3656 4131 4518 17.3 13.9Peru 668 998 1654 1795 2466 13.5 12.2Philippines d 1665 3104 3860 4073 4300 8.4 7.4Russian Federation b, d - 9262 19154 23377 26884 20.7 12.0Saudi Arabia 3487 5663 9138 9851 12445 18.7 13.8Senegal d 372 394 950 917 1292 25.9 29.0Singapore 4702 4890 | 6408 6985 8332 3.6 3.2 retained imports 1789 2369 | 3745 4255 4768 3.1 4.0South Africa b 1219 1650 3048 3687 4832 6.2 6.0Sri Lanka d 549 934 1131 1333 1509 13.0 13.4Sudan ... 376 957 1090 ... 24.2 13.5Switzerland 5920 5693 8248 8854 10375 6.9 6.4Syrian Arab Republic 791 850 | 1719 1810 ... 22.3 15.8Taipei, Chinese 6203 7899 9480 9659 10780 5.6 4.9Thailand 3230 4484 7120 7347 8446 7.2 5.5Tunisia 819 968 1461 1574 2298 11.3 12.1Turkey d 2806 4133 6480 7286 10055 7.6 5.9Ukraine - 1092 3075 3574 4582 7.8 7.6United Arab Emirates d 1726 3857 7241 8811 11295 11.0 8.6United States 39966 69115 95803 103648 109403 5.5 5.4Viet Nam d 236 1269 3668 4411 6086 8.1 10.0Yemen d ... ... 1201 1084 1700 ... 26.2

a Or nearest year. b Imports are valued f.o.b. c Figures refer to fiscal year. d Includes Secretariat estimates. e Beginning 2000, imports are valued f.o.b. f See the Metadata for information on intra-EU (27) imports.

Value

Imports of agricultural products of selected economies, 1990-2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

Share in economy's total merchandise imports

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2.1 Food

Table II.18

2007 2000 2007 2000 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

World 913.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 11 11 21Europe . . . . . . . .

World 435.4 100.0 100.0 46.6 47.7 12 9 19Europe 352.7 78.3 81.0 36.5 38.6 12 9 19North America 21.3 5.9 4.9 2.7 2.3 9 13 8Asia 19.2 5.6 4.4 2.6 2.1 8 7 17Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 15.0 2.2 3.4 1.0 1.6 19 25 24Africa 12.5 3.4 2.9 1.6 1.4 9 12 21Middle East 9.7 2.8 2.2 1.3 1.1 8 6 18South and Central America 4.1 1.4 0.9 0.6 0.4 6 19 17

Asia . . . . . . . . World 164.3 100.0 100.0 17.9 18.0 11 11 23Asia 87.3 59.2 53.2 10.6 9.6 10 8 20Europe 27.2 14.0 16.5 2.5 3.0 14 14 30North America 23.3 15.0 14.2 2.7 2.5 10 13 14Middle East 10.8 5.5 6.6 1.0 1.2 14 17 30Africa 8.5 3.2 5.2 0.6 0.9 19 9 37Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 4.5 1.4 2.7 0.2 0.5 23 19 34South and Central America 2.1 0.9 1.3 0.2 0.2 16 18 42

North America . . . . . . . . World 134.1 100.0 100.0 18.5 14.7 8 13 22North America 58.6 41.0 43.7 7.6 6.4 9 13 13Asia 38.4 32.1 28.6 5.9 4.2 6 11 26Europe 13.6 11.8 10.2 2.2 1.5 5 11 18South and Central America 10.0 6.2 7.5 1.1 1.1 11 15 36Africa 6.3 3.7 4.7 0.7 0.7 11 15 63Middle East 4.5 3.5 3.4 0.7 0.5 7 38 46Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 2.0 1.3 1.5 0.2 0.2 10 -1 50

South and Central America . . . . . . . . World 110.8 100.0 100.0 10.6 12.1 13 12 24Europe 36.2 34.0 32.7 3.6 4.0 13 12 26Asia 21.1 14.8 19.0 1.6 2.3 18 4 30South and Central America 17.7 19.6 16.0 2.1 1.9 10 14 34North America 16.7 20.8 15.1 2.2 1.8 8 13 11Africa 7.0 3.4 6.4 0.4 0.8 24 18 23Middle East 6.2 4.3 5.6 0.5 0.7 18 22 21Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 5.6 2.5 5.0 0.3 0.6 25 21 3

Africa . . . . . . . . World 26.6 100.0 100.0 3.3 2.9 9 6 12Europe 13.4 51.4 50.3 1.7 1.5 9 8 11Africa 5.9 20.1 22.3 0.7 0.6 11 12 13Asia 2.9 13.4 10.9 0.4 0.3 6 -9 16Middle East 1.5 6.7 5.7 0.2 0.2 7 19 8North America 1.3 5.6 4.8 0.2 0.1 7 -6 -1Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.6 1.2 2.3 0.0 0.1 19 -11 44South and Central America 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0 9 29 72

Exports of food of regions by destination, 2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share in region's exports Share in world exports Annual percentage change

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Table II.19

Value Share Value Share

2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007 2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

Region Region World 28026 100.0 9 12 14 World 109573 100.0 7 8 6North America 17584 62.7 8 10 16 North America 39428 36.0 5 5 5Europe 3582 12.8 10 15 14 Asia 25879 23.6 9 12 8Asia 3541 12.6 12 13 13 Europe 21630 19.7 8 9 7South and Central America 2664 9.5 11 19 10 South and Central America 19760 18.0 7 11 5Africa 460 1.6 11 25 7 Africa 1764 1.6 6 0 -5CIS 118 0.4 12 32 -7 CIS 715 0.7 8 21 7Middle East 77 0.3 9 8 18 Middle East 397 0.4 9 -7 18

Economy Economy United States 16362 58.4 7 12 14 Canada 27323 24.9 3 2 3European Union (27) 3300 11.8 10 15 13 European Union (27) 20012 18.3 8 9 6Mexico 1151 4.1 22 45 43 Mexico 12103 11.0 9 12 8China 1020 3.6 24 19 17 China 5907 5.4 21 25 13Brazil 704 2.5 12 25 6 Brazil 4226 3.9 9 10 6Above 5 22537 80.4 - - - Above 5 69571 63.5 - - -Thailand 523 1.9 8 17 19 Chile 3968 3.6 9 17 -1Chile 522 1.9 15 19 14 Thailand 3597 3.3 4 18 4Australia 422 1.5 6 8 2 Indonesia 3219 2.9 11 13 6New Zealand 333 1.2 9 -9 18 Australia 2773 2.5 7 1 5Colombia 259 0.9 7 16 -8 New Zealand 1899 1.7 5 -4 -2Indonesia 235 0.8 11 19 -3 Colombia 1806 1.6 4 4 4Costa Rica 194 0.7 12 12 12 Costa Rica 1509 1.4 5 27 7India 188 0.7 10 34 1 Ecuador 1481 1.4 6 10 2Guatemala 185 0.7 9 29 2 Viet Nam 1467 1.3 15 8 18Argentina 182 0.7 7 7 26 Malaysia 1442 1.3 17 24 27Malaysia 172 0.6 16 2 56 India 1393 1.3 3 4 1Viet Nam 153 0.5 16 7 12 Guatemala 1268 1.2 6 1 16Peru 141 0.5 14 23 9 Argentina 1240 1.1 6 18 4South Africa 136 0.5 6 6 1 Philippines 1088 1.0 6 9 8Ecuador 128 0.5 8 25 21 Peru 967 0.9 17 26 11Russian Federation 109 0.4 11 36 -8 Japan 940 0.9 4 9 9Turkey 108 0.4 24 30 49 Honduras 723 0.7 6 1 16Morocco 96 0.3 12 22 39 Korea, Republic of 667 0.6 7 -5 3Switzerland 93 0.3 13 16 8 Russian Federation 656 0.6 8 22 6Côte d'Ivoire 90 0.3 14 26 -15 Dominican Republic 626 0.6 4 22 0Philippines 88 0.3 10 18 6 Turkey 611 0.6 12 9 18Korea, Republic of 84 0.3 8 -9 7 Taipei, Chinese 541 0.5 1 0 10Japan 84 0.3 6 17 11 Côte d'Ivoire 505 0.5 8 -22 -6Uruguay 82 0.3 7 -45 111 Nicaragua 427 0.4 8 22 15Taipei, Chinese 77 0.3 9 6 17 Switzerland 423 0.4 9 16 53Canada 67 0.2 ... 22 12 Uruguay 395 0.4 21 -36 8Norway 51 0.2 1 4 21 Norway 362 0.3 8 33 27Honduras 41 0.1 21 -17 28 South Africa 283 0.3 1 4 -9Nicaragua 36 0.1 16 5 55 Israel 233 0.2 7 -6 8Nigeria 35 0.1 32 489 51 El Salvador 220 0.2 2 -10 31Hong Kong, China 29 0.1 -3 1 -4 Panama 178 0.2 2 -3 -4Jamaica 27 0.1 2 9 13 Fiji 176 0.2 22 1 13Iran, Islamic Rep. of 26 0.1 4 9 8 Bangladesh 175 0.2 2 36 -15Israel 24 0.1 13 4 11 Singapore 170 0.2 3 11 25Singapore 19 0.1 7 -17 26 Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 149 0.1 -7 -5 -8Above 40 27575 98.4 - - - Above 40 107150 97.8 - - -

Imports of food of selected economies by origin, 2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Canada a United States

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Table II.20

2007 1980 1990 2000 2007 2000-07 2005 2006 2007

Exporters European Union (27) 406.83 - - 43.8 44.6 12 7 9 19

extra-EU (27) exports 87.93 - - 10.7 9.6 10 7 12 16United States 87.59 17.6 13.4 12.6 9.6 7 3 12 27Brazil 42.10 4.2 2.8 3.0 4.6 19 13 13 23China 33.15 1.4 2.5 3.1 3.6 14 18 13 19Canada 31.86 3.5 3.5 4.1 3.5 9 5 12 18Argentina 28.12 2.3 2.2 2.7 3.1 14 13 11 36Thailand 17.69 1.3 2.1 2.3 1.9 9 3 15 20Australia 17.57 3.3 2.5 2.9 1.9 5 -5 5 -2Indonesia 16.31 0.7 0.9 1.3 1.8 17 15 16 42Malaysia 16.20 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.8 17 -3 14 45Mexico 14.62 0.9 1.0 1.9 1.6 9 13 17 9New Zealand 13.44 1.1 1.4 1.3 1.5 13 9 1 23India 13.20 1.1 0.9 1.2 1.4 14 16 14 29Russian Federation a 12.62 - - 0.9 1.4 19 30 23 45Chile 9.65 0.3 0.6 1.0 1.1 12 14 15 13Above 15 760.96 - - 83.3 83.3 - - - -

Importers European Union (27) 436.38 - - 42.5 45.3 12 7 9 20

extra-EU (27) imports 117.48 - - 12.2 12.2 11 6 9 21United States 87.50 8.8 8.9 10.9 9.1 8 9 10 9Japan 55.28 7.2 10.1 10.3 5.7 2 2 -3 6China 32.29 1.4 1.4 1.9 3.3 20 2 6 41Russian Federation a, b 25.18 - - 1.8 2.6 17 24 21 16Canada b 23.25 1.8 2.1 2.6 2.4 10 11 14 16Mexico b 18.24 1.4 1.3 1.8 1.9 12 7 13 22Korea, Republic of 15.69 0.9 1.2 1.6 1.6 11 6 12 20Saudi Arabia 11.83 1.8 1.0 1.1 1.2 12 31 8 26Hong Kong, China 11.19 1.2 1.9 1.9 1.2 3 1 7 18

retained imports 7.89 1.0 1.2 1.2 0.8 4 2 4 14United Arab Emirates a 10.49 0.4 0.5 0.8 1.1 16 17 22 27Switzerland 8.67 1.2 1.3 1.0 0.9 10 4 7 18Malaysia 8.55 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.9 13 2 16 25Indonesia 7.85 0.6 0.3 0.7 0.8 13 7 13 44Australia b 7.65 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.8 13 13 12 23Above 15 756.74 - - 79.7 78.5 - - - -

b Imports are valued f.o.b.

Leading exporters and importers of food, 2007

a Includes Secretariat estimates.

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Share in world exports/imports Annual percentage change Value

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Table II.21

1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2000 2007 a

World 315559 | 432811 682768 755657 913020 6.9 6.7Argentina 6949 11491 18635 20677 28115 43.6 50.3Australia 7937 12583 17075 17937 17574 19.7 12.4Belarus - 495 1319 1478 1762 6.8 7.2Brazil 8697 12808 30432 34341 42099 23.3 26.2Cameroon b 409 272 418 430 472 14.9 13.1Canada 10898 17630 24282 27108 31864 6.4 7.6Chile 1965 4424 7440 8555 9651 23.0 14.1China 7868 13559 24635 27864 33152 5.4 2.7Colombia 2222 2502 3611 3859 4576 19.2 15.3Costa Rica 848 1648 2122 2447 2845 28.1 30.4Côte d'Ivoire ... 1806 2770 2856 3185 46.4 37.5Croatia ... 394 918 1177 1291 8.9 10.4Ecuador 1198 1758 2785 3431 3742 35.7 27.1Egypt 251 377 932 898 1268 8.0 7.8Ethiopia 186 321 681 736 780 66.0 60.8European Union (27) - 189387 313560 342440 406827 7.7 7.6 intra-EU (27) exports - 143213 245975 266676 318900 8.6 8.8 extra-EU (27) exports - 46174 67585 75764 87927 5.9 5.2Ghana b ... 513 1570 1516 ... 30.7 40.9Guatemala 778 1518 | 1820 2010 2576 56.3 37.2Honduras 649 730 821 1079 1246 21.8 22.3Hong Kong, China 3385 3664 2594 2988 3777 1.8 1.1 domestic exports 742 363 422 445 478 1.5 2.6 re-exports 2644 3302 2172 2543 3298 1.8 1.0Iceland 1266 1240 1807 1829 2059 65.2 43.1India 2782 5398 9002 10261 13204 12.7 9.1Indonesia 2853 5526 9872 11453 16308 8.4 13.8Iran, Islamic Rep. of b ... 818 2108 2690 3286 2.8 3.8Israel 1022 824 1307 1393 1799 2.6 3.3Japan 1706 2170 2949 3147 3615 0.5 0.5Kenya 502 927 1306 1483 1745 53.5 42.8Korea, Republic of 2162 2665 3009 2985 3343 1.5 0.9Malawi b 374 331 394 431 584 87.4 82.2Malaysia 3434 5440 9800 11175 16203 5.5 9.2Mexico 3057 8179 11482 13473 14623 4.9 5.4Morocco 1105 1596 2370 2414 2587 21.5 17.6New Zealand 4272 5825 10779 10929 13442 43.9 49.8Nicaragua 251 534 697 830 962 82.8 80.0Norway 2365 3827 5411 6024 6822 6.4 5.0Pakistan 516 964 1933 2002 2116 10.7 11.9Panama 258 569 819 854 925 66.2 79.5Paraguay 502 564 1277 1445 2219 64.9 79.7Peru 703 1736 2911 3490 3839 24.7 13.7Philippines 1532 1815 2504 2589 2938 4.6 5.8Russian Federation b - 3805 7059 8697 12619 3.6 3.6Serbia ... ... ... 1224 1642 ... 18.6Serbia and Montenegro ... 290 887 ... ... 16.9 17.5Singapore 2747 3091 | 3795 4226 5099 2.2 1.7 domestic exports 1077 1092 | 1698 1878 2220 1.4 1.4 re-exports 1671 1999 | 2097 2348 2879 3.4 2.0South Africa ... 2232 3990 3785 4213 7.4 6.0Sri Lanka 649 ... 1369 1514 1834 ... 23.7Switzerland 1756 2007 | 3442 4097 5281 2.5 3.1Syrian Arab Republic 577 408 | 864 1899 ... 8.8 17.4Taipei, Chinese 2703 1819 2205 1917 1983 1.2 0.8Tanzania ... 359 574 585 726 54.8 35.9Thailand 6611 9924 12820 14684 17690 14.4 11.6Tunisia 384 510 1088 1384 1444 8.7 9.6Turkey b 2906 3521 7714 7932 9243 12.7 8.6Uganda ... 241 473 523 739 52.4 45.6Ukraine - 1339 4232 4609 6141 9.2 12.5United Arab Emirates b 73 2706 3510 4378 5824 5.4 3.4United States 42422 54341 61704 69206 87593 6.9 7.5Uruguay 670 1064 1823 2181 2388 46.4 53.1Viet Nam b ... 3666 6566 7684 9533 25.3 19.7

a Or nearest year. b Shares include significant exports from processing zones.

Value

Exports of food of selected economies, 1990-2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

Share in economy's total merchandise exports

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Table II.22

1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2000 2007 a

Algeria 2306 2578 3935 4062 5473 28.1 19.8Argentina 164 1267 814 889 1654 5.0 3.7Australia b 1943 3245 5530 6196 7650 4.6 4.9Bangladesh c, d 650 1254 1817 2153 3124 14.1 16.8Belarus - 1027 1562 1905 2091 11.9 7.3Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela b 739 1704 2166 2928 4045 11.7 9.7Bosnia and Herzegovina ... ... 1226 1272 1542 ... 15.8Brazil e 2112 3665 3210 4095 5522 6.6 4.6Canada b 7143 12027 17564 20033 23252 5.0 6.1Chile 308 1228 1851 2348 3085 6.6 6.5China 4619 9043 21541 22917 32290 4.0 3.4Colombia 395 1405 1847 2277 3008 12.2 9.1Côte d'Ivoire b ... 427 858 1006 1163 15.3 18.9Croatia ... 653 1543 1775 2053 8.3 7.9Cuba d ... 765 1517 1502 ... 15.8 15.8Ecuador 156 310 772 856 1145 8.3 8.4Egypt 2903 3531 3979 3936 5242 25.2 19.4El Salvador d 128 613 934 897 1251 12.4 14.4European Union (27) f - 200032 334643 363492 436381 7.8 7.8 extra-EU (27) imports - 57170 88689 96856 117481 6.2 6.0Guatemala 169 592 | 1140 1236 1418 12.4 10.4Hong Kong, China 6551 9165 8823 9467 11189 4.3 3.0 retained imports 3908 5864 6651 6924 7890 16.8 20.3India 771 2215 4681 4905 5832 4.3 2.7Indonesia 1104 3336 4841 5455 7848 7.7 8.5Iran, Islamic Rep. of d ... 2585 3051 3177 3884 18.6 8.4Israel 1197 1923 2460 2724 3283 5.1 5.6Japan 34154 48580 53637 52173 55283 12.8 8.9Jordan 672 851 1424 1523 2028 18.5 15.0Kazakhstan d - 459 1263 1644 1894 9.1 5.8Kenya 199 403 507 668 990 13.0 11.0Korea, Republic of 3912 7722 11609 13041 15692 4.8 4.4Kuwait d 561 1249 2195 2261 2713 17.5 11.5Lebanon b, d ... 1107 1425 1438 1800 17.8 14.7Malaysia 2021 3526 5884 6841 8549 4.3 5.8Mexico b 4326 8485 13327 14998 18239 4.9 6.5Morocco 677 1585 2195 2168 3822 13.7 12.1New Zealand 643 1074 1994 2122 2624 7.7 8.5Nigeria ... 1159 2864 4116 6613 13.3 22.4Norway 1584 2221 3791 4254 5458 6.5 6.8Oman d 486 1122 1060 1167 1573 21.9 9.8Pakistan 1276 1524 2606 3061 2889 14.0 8.9Peru 621 864 1431 1564 2136 11.6 10.6Philippines d 1348 2598 3431 3648 3900 7.0 6.7Russian Federation b, d - 8292 17946 21782 25184 18.6 11.3Saudi Arabia 3319 5375 8716 9388 11827 17.8 13.1Senegal d 350 362 898 858 1221 23.8 27.4Singapore 3685 4354 | 5639 6093 7397 3.2 2.8 retained imports 2014 2354 | 3543 3745 4519 3.1 3.8South Africa b 846 1255 2451 3008 4072 4.7 5.1Sri Lanka 502 ... 1030 1198 1354 ... 12.0Sudan ... 360 907 1053 ... 23.2 13.0Switzerland 4371 4519 6861 7369 8667 5.5 5.4Syrian Arab Republic 745 726 | 1404 1519 ... 19.0 13.2Taipei, Chinese 3495 5013 6619 6653 7421 3.6 3.4Thailand 1672 2677 4700 4972 5903 4.3 3.9Tunisia 582 706 1114 1231 1873 8.2 9.9Turkey d 1856 2128 3284 3486 5250 3.9 3.1Ukraine - 882 2597 3049 3964 6.3 6.5United Arab Emirates d 1627 3622 6794 8271 10487 10.3 7.9United States 30055 51226 72879 80283 87503 4.1 4.3Viet Nam d ... 814 2314 2695 3932 5.2 6.5Yemen d ... ... 1155 1044 1655 ... 25.5

a Or nearest year. b Imports are valued f.o.b. c Figures refer to fiscal year. d Includes Secretariat estimates. e Beginning 2000, imports are valued f.o.b. f See the Metadata for information on intra-EU (27) imports.

Value

Imports of food of selected economies, 1990-2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

Share in economy's total merchandise imports

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3. Fuels and mining products

Table II.23

2007 2000 2007 2000 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

World 2658.6 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 17 28 15Europe . . . . . . . .

World 605.5 100.0 100.0 23.8 22.8 17 30 13Europe 486.2 79.9 80.3 19.0 18.3 17 30 11North America 50.9 11.0 8.4 2.6 1.9 12 20 10Asia 23.3 3.5 3.8 0.8 0.9 18 37 28Africa 14.7 1.6 2.4 0.4 0.6 24 38 33Middle East 8.1 0.9 1.3 0.2 0.3 24 18 9Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 4.9 0.6 0.8 0.1 0.2 22 46 37South and Central America 4.0 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.1 17 46 19

Middle East . . . . . . . . World 565.4 100.0 100.0 23.3 21.3 16 26 12Asia 364.2 62.0 64.4 14.4 13.7 17 28 13Europe 76.6 16.0 13.6 3.7 2.9 13 16 14North America 58.3 12.6 10.3 2.9 2.2 13 17 19Middle East 23.5 2.6 4.2 0.6 0.9 24 17 14Africa 15.4 2.7 2.7 0.6 0.6 16 22 9South and Central America 2.7 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.1 9 21 -10Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 16 -2 7

Asia . . . . . . . . World 394.8 100.0 100.0 14.0 14.9 19 30 18Asia 316.4 83.3 80.1 11.6 11.9 18 26 17Europe 28.9 5.7 7.3 0.8 1.1 23 34 23North America 20.7 7.0 5.2 1.0 0.8 14 34 11Middle East 12.0 0.9 3.0 0.1 0.5 41 103 34South and Central America 6.3 0.6 1.6 0.1 0.2 35 23 54Africa 5.7 0.3 1.5 0.0 0.2 48 171 15Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 1.1 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 25 27 24

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) . . . . . . . . World 334.1 100.0 100.0 10.0 12.6 21 29 19Europe 233.8 63.4 70.0 6.3 8.8 23 30 16Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 37.5 14.3 11.2 1.4 1.4 17 27 25Asia 34.4 7.7 10.3 0.8 1.3 26 37 43North America 16.2 7.1 4.8 0.7 0.6 15 14 6Middle East 6.2 1.1 1.8 0.1 0.2 30 53 27South and Central America 2.3 5.5 0.7 0.5 0.1 -10 -29 -23Africa 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0 23 -7 30

Africa . . . . . . . . World 295.8 100.0 100.0 10.2 11.1 19 23 16Europe 107.8 46.1 36.4 4.7 4.1 15 22 10North America 82.2 24.4 27.8 2.5 3.1 21 25 15Asia 63.2 17.4 21.4 1.8 2.4 23 37 19Africa 14.3 5.2 4.8 0.5 0.5 18 20 21South and Central America 13.2 4.2 4.5 0.4 0.5 20 20 31Middle East 1.8 0.9 0.6 0.1 0.1 12 26 -3Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 9 -34 28

North America . . . . . . . . World 257.5 100.0 100.0 11.0 9.7 15 24 16North America 172.4 75.4 66.9 8.3 6.5 13 16 12Europe 32.8 9.8 12.7 1.1 1.2 20 49 30Asia 32.7 9.5 12.7 1.0 1.2 20 45 23South and Central America 16.4 4.3 6.4 0.5 0.6 22 43 26Africa 1.7 0.5 0.7 0.1 0.1 19 76 49Middle East 1.3 0.4 0.5 0.0 0.1 18 106 -3Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 31 -28 78

South and Central America . . . . . . . . World 205.5 100.0 100.0 7.9 7.7 17 35 13North America 78.0 48.2 38.0 3.8 2.9 13 20 8Asia 43.4 10.6 21.1 0.8 1.6 29 61 35South and Central America 41.7 23.5 20.3 1.8 1.6 15 20 12Europe 37.5 14.1 18.3 1.1 1.4 22 75 5Africa 2.2 0.5 1.1 0.0 0.1 31 61 15Middle East 0.9 0.7 0.4 0.1 0.0 10 3 1Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 4 -8 -25

Exports of fuels and mining products of regions by destination, 2007

Annual percentage change

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Share in region's exports Share in world exports

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3.1. Fuels

Table II.24

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007 2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

Region Region World 661780 100.0 17 24 6 World 372251 100.0 15 16 8

Europe 271281 41.0 16 20 5 North America 114556 30.8 14 16 6CIS 187240 28.3 23 29 10 Africa 79778 21.4 21 25 14Africa 85732 13.0 14 23 5 South and Central America 67496 18.1 13 8 5Middle East 60739 9.2 10 15 1 Middle East 53764 14.4 12 16 7South and Central America 10946 1.7 21 60 -1 Europe 30413 8.2 12 6 0North America 10870 1.6 15 13 14 CIS 15039 4.0 49 23 24Asia 9846 1.5 25 22 3 Asia 11205 3.0 13 26 17

Economy Economy European Union (27) 207346 31.3 17 22 6 Canada 80039 21.5 14 12 8Russian Federation 156097 23.6 22 28 9 Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 39106 10.5 12 11 8Norway 59478 9.0 14 15 3 Saudi Arabia 36452 9.8 14 16 12Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 33190 5.0 16 28 13 Mexico 34516 9.3 15 28 1Saudi Arabia 20295 3.1 7 7 -19 Nigeria 33666 9.0 17 16 16Algeria 20270 3.1 9 13 -6 European Union (27) 26148 7.0 15 10 3Iran, Islamic Rep. of 16674 2.5 14 23 4 Algeria 18384 4.9 30 49 14Kazakhstan 14853 2.2 29 31 1 Angola 12867 3.5 19 38 6Nigeria 11982 1.8 12 34 -6 Russian Federation 11519 3.1 44 24 8Azerbaijan 9768 1.5 41 117 53 Iraq 11366 3.1 8 27 -4

Above 10 549952 83.1 - - - Above 10 304064 81.7 - - -

Region Region World 172777 100.0 12 22 7 World 104930 100.0 26 39 18

Middle East 111334 64.4 13 25 4 Middle East 39242 37.4 24 35 15Asia 47191 27.3 9 12 5 Africa 26099 24.9 32 44 24Africa 5628 3.3 35 72 4 Asia 20584 19.6 18 21 17CIS 5395 3.1 53 -6 181 CIS 12701 12.1 46 51 17North America 2187 1.3 0 2 3 South and Central America 5287 5.0 80 209 15South and Central America 566 0.3 44 463 105 North America 614 0.6 29 -30 85Europe 440 0.3 22 14 142 Europe 403 0.4 -6 -2 8

Economy Economy Saudi Arabia 34666 20.1 14 30 -5 Saudi Arabia 13644 13.0 37 28 15United Arab Emirates 31955 18.5 12 25 2 Angola 12880 12.3 32 66 18Qatar 16891 9.8 16 39 15 Iran, Islamic Rep. of 11643 11.1 33 49 29Australia 15486 9.0 14 14 10 Russian Federation 9354 8.9 43 44 -1Indonesia 12687 7.3 6 12 5 Oman 6596 6.3 11 48 8Iran, Islamic Rep. of 12455 7.2 13 7 13 Korea, Republic of 6532 6.2 18 66 12Kuwait 9911 5.7 10 19 9 Sudan 4143 3.9 28 -27 121Malaysia 6457 3.7 10 2 29 Kazakhstan 3226 3.1 59 127 141Russian Federation 5210 3.0 52 -6 171 Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 2505 2.4 80 293 11Oman 3562 2.1 8 -2 34 United Arab Emirates 2465 2.3 32 37 3

Above 10 149280 86.4 - - - Above 10 72987 69.6 - - -

China Japan

Imports of fuels of selected economies by origin, 2007

European Union (27) United States

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

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Table II.25

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Annual percentage change

2000 2007 2000-07 2005 2006 2007

AsiaJapan 47.5 111.3 13 40 25 4Korea, Republic of 24.4 63.5 15 44 31 7China 8.7 39.2 24 47 35 15India ... 45.3 ... ... ... ...Taipei, Chinese 6.6 27.5 23 38 31 11Singapore 10.4 23.1 12 33 16 9Thailand 5.5 16.6 17 45 23 -1Pakistan 3.5 7.6 12 36 50 5Indonesia 2.3 4.8 11 128 20 -2

Europe 34.4 67.7 10 42 15 3European Union (27) 31.9 60.7 10 42 15 1Turkey a 2.2 6.9 17 51 20 22

North America 25.8 57.7 12 24 16 7United States 24.4 53.8 12 23 16 7Canada b 1.1 3.3 17 36 32 1

Imports of fuels of selected regions and economies from the Middle East, 2000 and 2007

Value

a 2005 instead of 2006.b Imports are valued f.o.b.

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Table II.26

1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2000 2007 a

World 362586 | 668000 1461010 1799441 2038447 10.6 15.0Algeria 10623 21610 45264 53581 59188 98.1 98.4Angola b 3655 7105 23310 31167 39354 89.7 98.6Argentina 985 4642 6576 6785 6095 17.6 10.9Australia 7473 13324 27119 29637 31648 20.9 22.4Azerbaijan - 1485 3337 5390 9331 85.1 88.9Bahrain b 2313 4490 7787 9221 10809 72.5 79.3Belarus - 1452 5557 7563 8513 19.8 35.0Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela b 14447 29203 49204 58438 62555 87.1 90.4Bolivia b 227 160 1338 2063 2306 13.0 51.4Brazil 682 908 7100 10590 13297 1.6 8.3Brunei Darussalam b 2137 ... 4278 7356 7386 ... 96.3Cameroon b 998 987 1212 2203 2187 53.8 60.7Canada 12672 36344 72829 77533 87540 13.1 20.9China 5119 7855 17622 17770 19951 3.2 1.6Colombia 2496 5636 8283 9374 10872 43.2 36.3Côte d'Ivoire ... 737 2010 3004 2629 19.0 30.9Croatia ... 486 1219 1567 1599 11.0 12.9Ecuador 1409 2442 5869 7544 8279 49.6 60.1Egypt 762 1975 5459 7629 8407 42.1 51.9European Union (27) - 95995 217286 268657 291536 3.9 5.5 intra-EU (27) exports - 69486 160547 195489 207346 4.2 5.7 extra-EU (27) exports - 26509 56739 73168 84190 3.4 5.0Gabon ... 2168 4260 4585 ... 83.4 84.1India 522 121 10400 17881 24114 0.3 16.6Indonesia 11239 15066 24731 27619 29210 23.0 24.8Iran, Islamic Rep. of b 15307 25611 48269 64139 72894 89.1 84.8Iraq b 9587 20548 23084 31458 41235 99.7 99.1Japan 1260 1520 4454 5897 9280 0.3 1.3Kazakhstan b - 4567 19525 26279 32156 51.8 67.3Korea, Republic of 697 9376 15709 20920 24631 5.4 6.6Kuwait 6500 18141 42440 53174 59756 93.3 95.8Libyan Arab Jamahiriya b 10608 ... 30047 38142 44147 ... 97.2Malaysia 5397 9448 18760 22062 25104 9.6 14.2Mexico 9868 16050 31886 38636 42426 9.6 15.6Morocco 152 272 565 471 642 3.7 4.4New Zealand 362 345 333 368 1076 2.6 4.0Nigeria b 13191 20876 47570 54835 62496 99.5 95.4Norway 16288 38274 69496 82521 87668 63.7 64.3Oman b 5057 8952 16871 20512 23493 79.1 95.0Pakistan 71 131 675 841 994 1.5 5.6Peru 332 404 1596 1902 2410 5.7 8.6Philippines b 225 505 775 1093 1196 1.3 2.4Qatar b 2967 10665 23872 31226 39073 92.0 93.0Russian Federation b - 53095 151630 193291 225299 50.3 63.4Saudi Arabia 40128 70857 161391 188399 205839 91.3 87.9Singapore 9566 13403 | 28006 35656 41333 9.7 13.8 domestic exports 9479 13290 | 25205 28766 30416 16.9 19.5 re-exports 88 113 | 2801 6890 10917 0.2 7.6South Africa b 1152 2664 4866 5065 6759 8.9 9.7Sudan b ... 1088 3745 4796 7550 60.2 85.0Switzerland 45 287 | 2789 3750 4089 0.4 2.4Syrian Arab Republic 1903 3538 | 4375 4406 ... 76.3 40.3Taipei, Chinese 401 1657 8854 10772 13497 1.1 5.8Thailand 192 2206 4768 6507 6840 3.2 4.5Trinidad and Tobago b 1285 2790 6747 10718 8850 65.3 58.6Tunisia 604 707 1357 1518 2456 12.1 16.3Turkey b 296 294 2641 3356 6982 1.1 6.5Ukraine - 808 3343 2554 2630 5.5 5.3United Arab Emirates b 14141 31723 66335 89540 100191 63.7 57.9United States 12321 13340 26383 34881 41957 1.7 3.6Viet Nam b ... 3825 8358 9709 10202 26.4 21.1Yemen ... ... 5167 5747 5653 ... 77.3

a Or nearest year. b Includes Secretariat estimates. Note: Includes economies exporting petroleum products.

Value

Exports of fuels of selected economies, 1990-2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

Share in economy's total merchandise imports

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Table II.27

1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2000 2007 a

Argentina 333 928 1425 1604 2691 3.7 6.0Australia b 2188 5898 13185 17518 20176 8.3 13.0Bahrain c 1827 2107 4364 4981 5960 45.5 51.9Bangladesh c, d 566 554 1090 1147 1738 6.2 9.3Belarus - 2585 5519 7324 10084 29.9 35.2Brazil e 6045 8290 13465 17141 22320 14.8 18.5Cameroon c 21 344 720 1010 987 23.1 26.2Canada b 7313 12481 28859 31901 35218 5.2 9.3Chile 1099 3014 6465 8423 11316 16.3 24.0China 1259 20637 63947 89001 104930 9.2 11.0Costa Rica 219 486 988 1542 1804 7.6 13.9Côte d'Ivoire ... 838 1644 1850 2016 30.1 32.7Croatia ... 1145 2806 3405 3929 14.5 15.2Cuba c ... 1158 1946 2746 ... 23.9 28.9Dominican Republic b ... 1505 2451 2788 3267 15.9 23.6Ecuador 38 281 1154 2564 2824 7.5 20.8Egypt 243 1063 2676 3376 3971 7.6 14.7European Union (27) f - 218179 499767 621858 661780 8.5 11.9 extra-EU (27) imports - 148790 339081 426296 454434 16.2 23.3FYR Macedonia ... 290 618 760 979 13.8 18.7Guatemala 278 620 | 1632 1901 2306 12.9 17.0Hong Kong, China 1996 4533 7967 9772 11339 2.1 3.1 retained imports 1561 4102 7396 9141 10767 11.8 27.7India 6495 17861 47356 62326 73541 34.7 33.9Indonesia 1937 6071 17389 17648 21994 13.9 23.8Iran, Islamic Rep. of c ... 311 3750 5323 4009 2.2 8.7Israel 1354 3587 6759 7447 8926 9.5 15.1Jamaica c 380 586 1384 1530 1645 17.6 27.9Japan 56777 77425 133069 161691 172785 20.4 27.8Jordan 471 194 2416 2720 2943 4.2 21.8Kazakhstan c - 564 2062 3051 3915 11.2 12.0Kenya 424 642 1308 1745 1917 20.7 21.3Korea, Republic of 11023 38077 67501 86707 96503 23.7 27.0Lebanon b, c ... 1029 2019 2188 2737 16.5 22.3Malaysia 1487 3940 9229 11745 12885 4.8 8.8Mexico b 1125 5232 12164 14471 19399 3.0 6.9Morocco 1168 2039 4460 5041 6181 17.7 19.5New Zealand 727 1446 3167 3911 4458 10.4 14.4Norway 1178 1193 2173 2873 3404 3.5 4.2Pakistan 1529 3598 5299 7680 8350 33.1 25.6Peru 327 1156 2471 2960 3829 15.6 19.0Philippines c 1943 4095 6537 8300 10025 11.1 17.3Russian Federation b, c - 1639 1671 2035 2768 3.7 1.2Senegal c 194 317 731 950 1298 20.9 29.1Serbia ... ... ... 2595 3166 ... 17.3Serbia and Montenegro ... 745 1989 ... ... 20.1 17.1Singapore 9632 16219 | 35494 44794 52619 12.1 20.0 retained imports 9545 16106 | 32694 37904 41702 21.3 34.8South Africa b 88 3826 7846 12678 14847 14.3 18.6Sri Lanka c 333 551 1115 1634 2681 7.7 23.7Switzerland 3155 3747 9053 11237 10967 4.5 6.8Syrian Arab Republic 72 143 | 152 3112 ... 3.7 27.1Taipei, Chinese 5953 13030 28097 36633 43558 9.3 19.9Tanzania c ... 294 721 1076 1595 18.5 29.9Thailand 3084 7549 20943 25623 25895 12.2 16.9Trinidad and Tobago c 143 1068 1982 2270 2567 32.3 34.5Tunisia 493 902 1798 2218 2443 10.5 12.9Turkey c 4622 7515 15764 23014 28771 13.8 16.9Ukraine - 5997 10661 12711 15984 43.0 26.3United States 68741 139622 298037 345059 372251 11.1 18.4Uruguay 238 530 941 1313 1235 15.3 21.6Viet Nam c ... 2113 5366 6699 8247 13.5 13.6Yemen c ... ... 1040 1082 1429 ... 22.0

a Or nearest year. b Imports are valued f.o.b. c Includes Secretariat estimates. d Figures refer to fiscal year. e Beginning 2000, imports are valued f.o.b. f See the Metadata for information on intra-EU (27) imports.

Value

Imports of fuels of selected economies, 1990-2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

Share in economy's total merchandise imports

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4. Manufactures

Table II.28

2007 2000 2007 2000 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

World 9499.5 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 11 13 15Europe . . . . . . . .

World 4538.2 100.0 100.0 45.3 47.8 11 12 16Europe 3279.5 72.1 72.3 32.6 34.5 11 12 16North America 375.8 11.2 8.3 5.1 4.0 7 7 6Asia 375.2 8.2 8.3 3.7 3.9 12 10 17Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 165.4 1.3 3.6 0.6 1.7 30 31 33Middle East 131.4 2.4 2.9 1.1 1.4 15 5 19Africa 116.0 2.3 2.6 1.1 1.2 13 5 21South and Central America 70.4 1.9 1.6 0.9 0.7 8 14 22

Asia . . . . . . . . World 3101.9 100.0 100.0 29.7 32.7 12 16 16Asia 1404.8 45.5 45.3 13.5 14.8 12 13 14North America 697.4 29.1 22.5 8.6 7.3 8 16 6Europe 637.1 18.7 20.5 5.6 6.7 14 19 20Middle East 124.0 2.5 4.0 0.7 1.3 20 19 37South and Central America 77.6 1.8 2.5 0.5 0.8 17 37 31Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 73.3 0.4 2.4 0.1 0.8 43 35 63Africa 72.6 1.3 2.3 0.4 0.8 22 26 33

North America . . . . . . . . World 1338.0 100.0 100.0 20.5 14.1 5 12 9North America 669.9 55.5 50.1 11.4 7.1 3 8 3Asia 253.6 18.8 19.0 3.8 2.7 5 15 9Europe 249.9 17.4 18.7 3.6 2.6 6 14 15South and Central America 96.0 5.7 7.2 1.2 1.0 8 22 20Middle East 40.9 1.6 3.1 0.3 0.4 15 22 17Africa 17.5 0.8 1.3 0.2 0.2 13 24 17Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 9.8 0.2 0.7 0.0 0.1 24 33 51

Middle East . . . . . . . . World 159.3 100.0 100.0 1.3 1.7 15 14 18Middle East 56.5 23.4 35.5 0.3 0.6 22 34 28Asia 28.4 17.9 17.8 0.2 0.3 15 10 15Europe 26.2 24.3 16.4 0.3 0.3 9 -13 11North America 24.5 24.6 15.4 0.3 0.3 8 10 8Africa 10.4 3.5 6.5 0.0 0.1 26 26 19Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 3.7 1.8 2.3 0.0 0.0 19 31 8South and Central America 1.2 1.1 0.8 0.0 0.0 9 17 13

South and Central America . . . . . . . . World 154.2 100.0 100.0 1.6 1.6 11 10 15South and Central America 60.7 33.9 39.4 0.5 0.6 14 17 24North America 51.4 46.0 33.3 0.7 0.5 6 3 0Europe 23.3 13.6 15.1 0.2 0.2 13 17 25Asia 11.6 4.9 7.5 0.1 0.1 18 0 25Africa 4.3 1.1 2.8 0.0 0.0 27 20 22Middle East 1.8 0.4 1.2 0.0 0.0 28 43 2Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.6 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 51 58 32

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) . . . . . . . . World 128.2 100.0 100.0 0.9 1.4 17 17 23Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 51.3 31.2 40.0 0.3 0.5 21 31 31Europe 40.7 29.9 31.7 0.3 0.4 18 18 24Asia 13.4 19.4 10.5 0.2 0.1 7 -21 8Middle East 7.6 4.3 5.9 0.0 0.1 22 -2 46North America 6.3 8.5 4.9 0.1 0.1 9 35 -13South and Central America 4.0 2.5 3.1 0.0 0.0 21 36 45Africa 3.4 3.1 2.7 0.0 0.0 15 6 8

Africa . . . . . . . . World 79.8 100.0 100.0 0.8 0.8 12 9 15Europe 39.2 58.4 49.2 0.5 0.4 9 10 12Africa 17.2 16.6 21.5 0.1 0.2 16 15 23Asia 9.6 9.6 12.0 0.1 0.1 15 -4 14North America 7.8 9.5 9.8 0.1 0.1 12 15 8Middle East 3.3 3.3 4.2 0.0 0.0 15 8 21South and Central America 1.2 1.3 1.5 0.0 0.0 14 9 32Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 19 62 13

Exports of manufactures of regions by destination, 2007

Annual percentage change

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Share in region's exports Share in world exports

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Table II.29

Value Value

2007 2000 2007 2000-07 2006 2007 2007 2000 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

United States 909.3 100.0 100.0 5 13 10 World 1409.5 100.0 100.0 6 9 4307.4 38.0 33.8 3 9 3 North America 327.0 27.2 23.2 3 6 478.4 7.5 8.6 7 21 18 South and Central America 41.2 3.1 2.9 5 1 -321.7 2.2 2.4 6 27 27 Brazil 16.1 1.0 1.1 8 3 -9

222.2 24.0 24.4 5 13 14 Europe 312.5 21.6 22.2 6 6 6205.8 22.4 22.6 5 12 15 European Union (27) 292.5 20.2 20.7 6 6 7

8.4 0.3 0.9 22 32 49 CIS 6.5 0.4 0.5 7 37 -135.8 0.2 0.6 23 31 56 Russian Federation 4.2 0.3 0.3 7 39 -17

15.4 1.1 1.7 11 23 14 Africa 8.1 0.4 0.6 11 16 638.7 2.3 4.3 15 22 17 Middle East 23.2 1.5 1.6 6 9 7

238.8 26.8 26.3 5 15 9 Asia 691.1 45.7 49.0 7 12 544.5 1.9 4.9 20 30 18 China 327.0 10.7 23.2 18 17 1144.0 7.2 4.8 -1 8 2 Japan 141.7 14.9 10.1 0 7 -2

104.6 13.6 11.5 2 13 4 Six East Asian traders 153.3 15.3 10.9 0 7 -3

European Union (27) 4249.1 100.0 100.0 11 12 16 World 4029.7 100.0 100.0 11 12 16349.8 11.0 8.2 7 7 6 North America 233.1 9.4 5.8 3 6 1365.6 1.9 1.5 8 14 21 South and Central America 26.2 0.7 0.7 11 7 925.9 0.7 0.6 9 10 31 Brazil 14.1 0.3 0.4 11 11 24

3093.7 72.5 72.8 11 12 16 Europe 3017.4 72.5 74.9 11 13 162842.6 66.9 66.9 11 13 16 European Union (27) 2842.6 68.5 70.5 11 13 16153.8 1.2 3.6 30 31 33 CIS 34.8 0.6 0.9 18 12 23106.8 0.8 2.5 30 28 36 Russian Federation 20.7 0.4 0.5 16 8 23108.4 2.4 2.6 12 3 21 Africa 41.0 1.1 1.0 9 -4 16115.3 2.3 2.7 14 4 18 Middle East 24.3 0.7 0.6 9 -19 13344.2 8.0 8.1 11 10 17 Asia 647.4 14.6 16.1 12 15 1884.4 1.1 2.0 22 22 23 China 302.4 3.3 7.5 25 23 2948.8 1.7 1.1 5 2 5 Japan 103.5 4.3 2.6 3 5 10

116.7 3.3 2.7 8 7 13 Six East Asian traders 164.2 5.0 4.1 8 13 7

China a 1134.3 100.0 100.0 26 28 27 World 677.5 100.0 100.0 22 18 17313.1 31.9 27.6 24 25 15 North America 59.3 11.8 8.7 17 23 1636.9 2.5 3.3 32 53 47 South and Central America 5.6 0.3 0.8 38 20 3010.6 0.5 0.9 38 58 52 Brazil 1.9 0.2 0.3 27 -7 19

301.8 21.5 26.6 30 31 30 Europe 104.9 17.5 15.5 20 22 21284.6 20.4 25.1 30 30 30 European Union (27) 98.4 16.5 14.5 20 22 2045.7 1.3 4.0 49 32 74 CIS 4.7 1.9 0.7 6 -37 2326.8 0.9 2.4 45 19 83 Russian Federation 2.9 1.4 0.4 3 -37 934.4 2.0 3.0 35 42 41 Africa 2.6 0.2 0.4 30 11 4041.9 2.5 3.7 33 34 51 Middle East 6.5 0.7 1.0 29 10 19

359.9 38.3 31.7 23 24 25 Asia 493.9 67.6 72.9 23 17 16106.5 15.7 9.4 17 11 13 Japan 123.5 23.1 18.2 18 15 15163.2 16.4 14.4 24 31 25 Six East Asian traders 253.6 37.3 37.4 22 13 15

a In 2007, China reported imports from China accounting for 12 percent of its manufacture imports For further information, see the Metadata

Exports Imports

Trade in manufactures of the United States, the European Union (27) and China by origin and destination, 2007

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change Share Share

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Table II.30

Value Share Value Share

2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007 2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

Region Region World 4029721 100.0 11 12 16 World 1409460 100.0 6 9 4Europe 3017403 74.9 11 13 16 Asia 691146 49.0 7 12 5Asia 647419 16.1 12 15 18 North America 326997 23.2 3 6 4North America 233128 5.8 3 6 13 Europe 312456 22.2 6 6 6Africa 40988 1.0 9 -4 16 South and Central America 41150 2.9 5 1 -3CIS 34822 0.9 18 12 23 Middle East 23164 1.6 6 9 7South and Central America 26232 0.7 11 7 9 Africa 8058 0.6 11 16 6Middle East 24257 0.6 9 -19 13 CIS 6489 0.5 7 37 -13

Economy Economy European Union (27) 2842557 70.5 11 13 16 China 326972 23.2 18 17 11China 302441 7.5 25 23 29 European Union (27) 292461 20.8 6 6 7United States 204484 5.1 3 5 12 Canada 173115 12.3 2 1 1Japan 103493 2.6 3 5 10 Mexico 153881 10.9 5 14 7Switzerland 88836 2.2 9 6 15 Japan 141739 10.1 0 7 -2

Above 5 3541811 87.9 - - - Above 5 1088168 77.2 - - -Turkey 55911 1.4 21 16 25 Korea, Republic of 43313 3.1 1 3 1Korea, Republic of 52266 1.3 12 19 5 Taipei, Chinese 36778 2.6 -1 9 -1Taipei, Chinese 34434 0.9 5 11 6 Malaysia 30976 2.2 3 8 -12India 30105 0.7 17 18 28 India 22178 1.6 12 19 8Singapore 23850 0.6 7 4 5 Israel 19755 1.4 7 14 8Russian Federation 20713 0.5 16 8 23 Thailand 19207 1.4 4 9 -1Malaysia 20650 0.5 7 12 8 Singapore 16679 1.2 -1 16 5Thailand 18750 0.5 9 11 23 Brazil 16117 1.1 8 3 -9Canada 17814 0.4 7 13 24 Switzerland 13433 1.0 5 9 4Norway 16832 0.4 9 9 15 Indonesia 10932 0.8 3 8 6Hong Kong, China 14224 0.4 4 15 -4 Viet Nam 9079 0.6 68 28 32Brazil 14109 0.4 11 11 24 Philippines 8422 0.6 -7 4 -4South Africa 14085 0.4 12 13 24 Hong Kong, China 6344 0.5 -8 -11 -15Israel 12243 0.3 6 2 24 Russian Federation 4184 0.3 7 39 -17Mexico 10597 0.3 13 22 21 Australia 3959 0.3 6 19 -1Indonesia 10259 0.3 4 9 13 South Africa 3947 0.3 11 22 7Ukraine 9340 0.2 23 20 25 Pakistan 3730 0.3 7 13 -3Tunisia 9150 0.2 12 11 23 Turkey 3730 0.3 5 7 -20Viet Nam 8019 0.2 13 18 20 Bangladesh 3453 0.2 5 20 5Morocco 7037 0.2 9 -30 22 Dominican Republic 3376 0.2 -2 -6 -9Philippines 6855 0.2 2 -4 -4 Trinidad and Tobago 3211 0.2 22 12 17Bangladesh 6644 0.2 14 31 5 Honduras 3185 0.2 3 -2 3Croatia 4766 0.1 14 17 16 Cambodia 2589 0.2 17 25 12United Arab Emirates 4434 0.1 18 -50 -7 Costa Rica 2460 0.2 -1 6 1Pakistan 4383 0.1 10 8 14 Norway 2389 0.2 10 28 22Australia 4334 0.1 6 -1 17 Sri Lanka 2077 0.1 0 2 -5Saudi Arabia 4306 0.1 11 -5 8 El Salvador 1797 0.1 0 -9 10Egypt 3580 0.1 16 15 25 Colombia 1781 0.1 5 7 -1Serbia 3381 0.1 ... 157 51 Guatemala 1651 0.1 -1 -7 -13Sri Lanka 2402 0.1 6 18 19 Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 1379 0.1 1 -19 -10Costa Rica 2327 0.1 10 -7 -1 Jordan 1333 0.1 52 14 -8Belarus 2132 0.1 15 23 13 Argentina 1313 0.1 3 2 -4FYR Macedonia 2024 0.1 20 23 62 Egypt 1252 0.1 10 50 -8Bosnia and Herzegovina 1779 0.0 29 34 23 Ukraine 1199 0.1 5 44 -23Argentina 1758 0.0 9 -3 38 Nicaragua 1187 0.1 19 20 13

Above 40 3997302 99.2 - - - Above 40 1396562 99.1 - - -

Imports of manufactures of selected economies by origin, 2007

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

(Million dollars and percentage)

European Union (27) United States

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Table II.30 (continued)

Value Share Value Share

2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007 2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

Region Region World 677493 100.0 22 18 17 World 314325 100.0 6 8 6Asia 493894 72.9 23 17 16 Asia 195142 62.1 8 9 6Europe 104855 15.5 20 22 21 Europe 59706 19.0 5 3 7North America 59273 8.7 17 23 16 North America 53316 17.0 0 8 2Middle East 6496 1.0 29 11 19 South and Central America 1820 0.6 11 14 33South and Central America 5584 0.8 38 20 30 Africa 1797 0.6 17 -11 1CIS 4728 0.7 6 -37 23 Middle East 1634 0.5 4 8 13Africa 2616 0.4 30 11 40 CIS 909 0.3 18 3 15

Economy Economy Japan 123509 18.2 18 15 15 China 112126 35.7 14 10 9European Union (27) 98401 14.5 20 22 20 European Union (27) 54074 17.2 5 2 7Taipei, Chinese 95199 14.1 22 16 15 United States 49786 15.8 0 9 2Korea, Republic of 92399 13.6 25 14 16 Korea, Republic of 20873 6.6 5 13 1China 84084 12.4 43 33 18 Taipei, Chinese 16193 5.2 0 10 -2

Above 5 493592 72.9 - - - Above 5 253052 80.5 - - -United States 52017 7.7 17 25 15 Thailand 12489 4.0 8 5 8Malaysia 22162 3.3 28 15 14 Malaysia 8332 2.7 -2 5 -2Philippines 20895 3.1 48 33 28 Indonesia 5929 1.9 3 6 1Thailand 17901 2.6 29 27 28 Philippines 5911 1.9 1 -4 4Singapore 15223 2.2 21 5 3 Switzerland 4820 1.5 6 10 -2Hong Kong, China 10757 1.6 3 -10 14 Singapore 4407 1.4 -2 3 -1Switzerland 4890 0.7 22 15 32 Viet Nam 3754 1.2 15 21 17Canada 4679 0.7 13 4 27 Mexico 1813 0.6 6 9 17Indonesia 4107 0.6 11 13 1 Canada 1717 0.5 -2 -8 -5Saudi Arabia 3653 0.5 35 8 19 India 1703 0.5 7 10 7India 3276 0.5 27 -5 17 South Africa 1621 0.5 19 -11 0Russian Federation 2943 0.4 3 -37 9 Australia 891 0.3 1 -3 24Mexico 2576 0.4 29 20 21 Hong Kong, China 883 0.3 -6 -11 -12Costa Rica 2296 0.3 122 90 32 Brazil 883 0.3 8 12 30South Africa 1956 0.3 28 7 48 Israel 800 0.3 0 -3 10Brazil 1858 0.3 27 -7 19 Norway 624 0.2 11 18 28Australia 1648 0.2 15 7 7 Saudi Arabia 549 0.2 11 27 19Israel 1556 0.2 25 20 26 New Zealand 533 0.2 2 -12 19Norway 1095 0.2 24 18 58 Russian Federation 472 0.2 17 18 17Viet Nam 974 0.1 46 49 44 Kazakhstan 375 0.1 27 -8 29Kazakhstan 948 0.1 16 -28 79 New Caledonia 291 0.1 25 24 101Pakistan 843 0.1 9 16 6 Chile 275 0.1 25 24 27Colombia 625 0.1 84 1 232 Costa Rica 244 0.1 6 34 1Belarus 558 0.1 34 -13 38 Myanmar 164 0.1 30 24 29Iran, Islamic Rep. of 486 0.1 31 14 44 Turkey 153 0.0 14 18 6Turkey 391 0.1 28 -1 37 Bangladesh 145 0.0 9 5 14Morocco 373 0.1 32 34 11 Colombia 145 0.0 24 -6 129Argentina 364 0.1 16 13 4 Iran, Islamic Rep. of 143 0.0 17 81 63New Zealand 275 0.0 6 6 3 Cambodia 136 0.0 17 13 15Qatar 263 0.0 19 27 -24 French Polynesia 130 0.0 2 29 6Ukraine 243 0.0 -7 -65 36 Pakistan 111 0.0 -8 4 -5Macao, China 211 0.0 13 -8 -1 Sri Lanka 93 0.0 -1 11 4United Arab Emirates 193 0.0 62 9 10 Dominican Republic 81 0.0 22 6 75Kuwait 185 0.0 6 -11 -18 Jordan 74 0.0 -1 3 -9Chile 169 0.0 25 59 -22 Morocco 55 0.0 16 48 21

Above 40 676181 99.8 - - - Above 40 313800 99.8 - - -

a In 2007, China reported imports from China accounting for 12 percent of its manufacture imports. For further information, see the Metadata.

Imports of manufactures of selected economies by origin, 2007

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

(Million dollars and percentage)

China a Japan

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Table II.31

2007 1980 1990 2000 2007 2000-07 2005 2006 2007

Exporters European Union (27) 4249.1 - - 42.8 44.7 11 6 12 16

extra-EU (27) exports 1406.5 - - 14.2 14.8 11 9 10 17China a 1134.8 0.8 1.9 4.7 11.9 26 29 28 27United States 909.4 13.0 12.1 13.8 9.6 5 10 13 10Japan 640.9 11.2 11.5 9.6 6.7 5 4 7 9Hong Kong, China 331.2 1.6 3.2 4.1 3.5 8 12 9 9

domestic exports 12.3 1.2 1.1 0.5 0.1 -8 8 -2 -22 re-exports 318.9 0.4 2.0 3.6 3.4 9 12 10 10

Korea, Republic of 330.4 1.4 2.5 3.3 3.5 11 12 12 14Singapore 227.1 0.8 1.6 2.5 2.4 10 12 16 6

domestic exports 104.4 0.4 1.0 1.3 1.1 7 10 13 4 re-exports 122.7 0.3 0.6 1.2 1.3 12 14 18 8

Canada 224.5 2.7 3.1 3.7 2.4 4 9 4 4Taipei, Chinese 209.6 1.6 2.6 3.0 2.2 6 7 12 9Mexico a 204.2 0.4 1.1 3.0 2.1 6 10 15 8Switzerland 155.5 2.4 2.5 1.5 1.6 12 7 11 16Malaysia a 125.0 0.2 0.7 1.7 1.3 7 10 12 6Thailand 116.5 0.1 0.6 1.1 1.2 12 16 17 18India 92.4 0.5 0.5 0.7 1.0 16 28 13 16Turkey b 85.4 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.9 21 12 16 23Above 15 8716.9 - - 92.4 91.8 - - - -

Importers European Union (27) 4029.7 - - 39.7 41.0 11 6 12 16

extra-EU (27) imports 1187.2 - - 12.5 12.1 10 8 10 17United States 1409.6 11.2 15.4 19.7 14.3 6 9 9 4China a, c 677.6 1.1 1.7 3.5 6.9 22 15 18 17Hong Kong, China 333.6 1.5 2.9 3.9 3.4 8 11 11 10

retained imports 14.7 1.1 0.9 0.5 0.1 -6 -14 38 -5Japan 314.4 2.3 4.1 4.3 3.2 6 8 8 6Canada d 293.8 3.7 3.8 4.1 3.0 6 12 10 7Mexico a, d 227.9 1.5 1.3 3.0 2.3 6 11 14 8Korea, Republic of 206.2 0.9 1.8 2.0 2.1 11 14 12 16Singapore 188.1 1.2 1.8 2.2 1.9 8 11 15 8

retained imports 65.4 0.8 1.2 1.1 0.7 2 7 11 6Russian Federation b, d 185.6 - - 0.6 1.9 29 30 33 40Taipei, Chinese 142.6 0.9 1.5 2.2 1.5 4 4 5 4Switzerland 132.2 2.3 2.4 1.4 1.3 10 7 8 18Australia d 118.1 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 10 12 6 17Malaysia a 110.7 0.6 0.9 1.4 1.1 7 8 12 10Turkey b 106.6 0.3 0.6 0.8 1.1 16 15 15 19Above 15 8158.0 - - 86.6 83.0 - - - -

d Imports are valued f.o.b. c In 2007, China reported imports of manufactures from China amounting to $84.1 billion. For further information, see the Metadata.

Leading exporters and importers of manufactures, 2007

a Includes significant shipments through processing zones

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Share in world exports/imports

b Includes Secretariat estimates.

Value Annual percentage change

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Table II.32

1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2000 2007 a

World 2391.2 | 4696.2 7297.0 8257.7 9499.5 74.8 69.8Argentina 3.57 8.53 12.28 14.67 17.25 32.4 30.8Australia 7.10 15.16 21.63 22.20 26.13 23.7 18.5Bangladesh b, c 1.21 5.88 8.71 11.01 11.58 92.0 93.0Belarus - 4.88 8.30 9.92 12.91 66.6 53.0Brazil 16.14 31.65 61.77 68.41 75.82 57.5 47.2Cambodia c ... 1.33 3.01 3.43 3.99 95.7 97.4Canada 73.31 175.64 206.26 215.40 224.50 63.5 53.6Chile 0.83 2.79 5.14 6.00 6.69 14.5 9.8China d 44.31 219.86 700.34 895.43 1134.80 88.2 93.2Colombia 1.70 4.24 7.32 8.68 11.75 32.5 39.2Costa Rica c, d 0.39 3.98 4.57 5.36 6.08 67.8 65.0Croatia ... 3.21 5.99 6.80 8.42 72.5 68.1Dominican Republic c, d 1.51 | 5.03 5.31 5.64 6.19 87.7 85.5Egypt c 1.47 1.92 3.73 4.66 5.82 40.9 35.9El Salvador c, d 0.33 2.25 2.68 2.90 2.99 76.5 75.2European Union (27) - 2012.01 3280.33 3662.93 4249.05 82.0 79.9 intra-EU (27) exports - 1345.41 2180.73 2457.53 2842.56 80.7 78.5 extra-EU (27) exports - 666.61 1099.61 1205.39 1406.50 84.9 82.8Guatemala c 0.28 0.87 | 3.05 3.32 3.42 32.1 49.5Hong Kong, China 75.64 192.50 279.91 304.75 331.16 95.0 94.8 domestic exports 27.41 22.14 16.11 15.76 12.26 94.1 67.7 re-exports 48.23 170.35 263.80 288.99 318.89 95.1 96.3India e 12.52 32.76 70.38 79.45 92.36 77.3 63.6Indonesia d 9.04 36.94 39.41 44.73 48.61 56.5 41.2Iran, Islamic Rep. of c 0.69 1.98 5.00 6.07 7.44 6.9 8.7Israel e 10.43 29.55 40.40 44.30 50.67 94.1 93.7Japan 275.15 449.69 546.42 586.52 640.88 93.8 89.9Jordan 0.59 0.95 3.08 3.60 4.49 50.2 78.9Kazakhstan c - 1.45 3.34 4.23 6.09 16.4 12.8Korea, Republic of 60.60 154.90 258.20 290.13 330.41 89.9 88.9Malaysia d 15.82 78.93 104.86 117.91 125.01 80.4 70.9Mexico d 25.26 138.65 165.00 189.13 204.22 83.3 75.1Morocco d 2.21 4.76 7.05 8.24 9.65 64.1 65.9New Zealand 2.39 3.99 6.60 6.72 7.47 30.0 27.7Norway 11.13 13.32 18.79 19.27 24.54 22.2 18.0Pakistan c 4.39 7.64 13.03 13.77 14.29 84.7 80.1Philippines c, d 5.59 34.77 36.75 40.84 43.54 87.4 86.3Russian Federation c - 24.81 50.81 58.48 69.06 23.5 19.4Saudi Arabia 3.66 5.96 17.10 20.14 24.84 7.7 10.6Serbia ... ... ... 4.05 5.79 ... 65.6Serbia and Montenegro ... 1.05 2.90 ... ... 60.9 57.2Singapore 37.49 117.68 | 185.20 214.09 227.11 85.4 75.9 domestic exports 23.20 63.28 | 89.42 100.73 104.40 80.4 66.9 re-exports 14.28 54.40 | 95.78 113.36 122.72 92.0 85.7South Africa c, e 8.32 20.23 30.66 32.17 38.14 67.5 54.6Sri Lanka c 1.02 4.14 4.32 4.78 5.28 76.3 68.2Switzerland 59.59 72.43 | 120.29 133.81 155.49 90.0 90.4Taipei, Chinese 62.03 141.04 171.74 191.80 209.59 95.1 89.3Thailand 14.58 51.66 84.30 98.32 116.46 74.8 76.1Trinidad and Tobago 0.56 1.23 2.52 2.93 3.82 28.8 25.3Tunisia c 2.42 4.50 7.86 8.39 10.58 77.0 70.4Turkey c 8.78 22.31 59.76 69.39 85.39 80.3 79.6Ukraine - 9.77 23.46 27.60 36.23 67.1 73.6United Arab Emirates c 2.86 13.46 40.52 42.67 55.28 27.0 32.0United States 290.49 648.91 732.47 828.62 909.39 83.0 78.2Viet Nam c ... 6.18 16.18 20.38 25.85 42.6 53.4

a Or nearest year. b Figures refer to fiscal year. c Includes Secretariat estimates. d Includes significant exports from processing zones. e Includes significant exports of diamonds. For the most recent year, the share of diamonds in exports of manufactures was 13 per cent for India , 45 per cent for Israel and 8 per cent for South Africa.

Value

Exports of manufactures of selected economies, 1990-2007

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Share in economy's total merchandise exports

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Table II.33

1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2000 2007 a

Algeria 6.66 6.10 15.57 16.16 20.70 66.5 74.9Argentina 3.10 21.91 24.77 29.57 38.07 87.1 85.0Australia b 32.40 59.08 95.05 101.02 118.06 83.0 75.8Bangladesh c, d 1.92 5.14 8.79 9.99 10.42 57.9 56.0Belarus - 4.24 7.73 10.73 13.87 49.0 48.4Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela b 5.05 11.81 18.92 26.57 36.53 81.0 87.2Brazil e 12.62 41.01 52.95 64.12 85.19 73.4 70.6Canada b 92.90 200.75 248.05 273.49 293.81 83.6 77.3Chile 5.29 11.86 20.05 22.48 26.38 64.1 56.0China f 42.39 169.88 493.14 579.50 677.63 75.5 70.9Colombia 4.28 9.19 17.58 21.53 27.01 79.6 82.1Costa Rica d, f 1.50 5.28 8.00 8.51 9.61 82.8 74.2Côte d'Ivoire ... 1.15 2.66 2.41 2.85 41.1 46.2Croatia ... 5.78 13.53 15.47 18.86 73.3 73.0Dominican Republic b, d, f 2.07 7.01 6.21 8.00 8.79 73.9 63.6Ecuador 1.51 2.63 7.44 8.40 9.12 70.8 67.2European Union (27) g - 1953.94 3098.95 3470.78 4029.72 75.7 72.3 extra-EU (27) imports - 615.86 919.60 1015.48 1187.16 67.2 60.8Guatemala f 1.14 3.43 | 7.48 8.47 8.64 71.7 63.6Hong Kong, China 70.53 192.66 275.03 304.53 333.63 90.0 90.1 retained imports 22.30 22.31 11.23 15.54 14.73 63.9 37.9India h 12.17 22.44 67.54 78.55 100.40 43.6 46.3Indonesia d, f 16.64 30.48 47.65 52.80 57.00 69.9 61.7Iran, Islamic Rep. of d 15.49 9.96 26.83 27.81 33.36 71.6 72.5Iraq d ... ... ... 25.42 30.17 ... 94.3Israel h 11.68 29.04 34.19 35.71 42.04 77.1 71.2Japan 100.28 212.67 276.35 297.44 314.43 56.0 50.6Jordan 1.34 2.65 6.03 6.53 7.75 57.5 57.4Kazakhstan d - 3.69 13.57 18.41 26.11 73.2 79.7Kenya 1.40 1.72 3.91 4.54 5.58 55.3 62.1Korea, Republic of 44.11 98.16 158.10 177.61 206.19 61.2 57.8Kuwait d 2.61 5.55 12.67 13.13 20.26 77.5 85.7Lebanon b, d ... 3.48 | 5.51 5.38 6.90 55.8 56.3Malaysia f 22.87 68.13 90.51 101.00 110.68 83.1 75.3Mexico b, f 32.49 149.80 185.24 211.56 227.88 85.9 80.8Morocco f 4.22 7.25 12.86 14.59 18.71 62.9 59.0New Zealand 7.56 10.81 20.07 19.25 22.53 77.7 72.9Nigeria d 4.92 4.36 16.73 16.50 21.32 50.0 72.3Norway 21.40 27.48 43.11 50.23 61.54 79.9 76.7Oman d 1.81 3.46 6.80 8.54 12.95 67.5 80.4Pakistan 3.99 5.09 14.81 16.59 17.85 46.8 54.8Peru 1.61 5.21 8.25 10.39 13.39 70.3 66.4Philippines d 8.96 28.83 37.80 40.18 41.83 77.9 72.1Qatar d 1.32 2.75 8.98 13.65 19.19 84.4 87.2Russian Federation b, d - 31.17 100.08 132.71 185.62 69.8 83.1Saudi Arabia 18.23 22.05 46.57 55.57 72.27 72.9 80.1Serbia ... ... ... 8.57 12.72 ... 69.3Serbia and Montenegro d ... 2.35 7.54 ... ... 63.3 64.8Singapore 44.35 109.78 | 152.26 174.91 188.07 81.6 71.5 retained imports 30.07 55.39 | 55.56 61.55 65.35 73.4 54.5South Africa b, d 13.43 19.21 41.70 49.03 56.28 71.7 70.5Sri Lanka d 1.71 4.90 5.72 6.46 6.86 68.2 60.7Switzerland 58.01 67.65 103.89 111.98 132.24 82.0 82.0Syrian Arab Republic 1.48 2.47 | 5.63 5.98 ... 64.7 52.1Taipei, Chinese 36.77 110.41 131.00 137.70 142.62 78.9 65.2Thailand 24.83 46.95 82.10 85.94 99.01 75.8 64.7Trinidad and Tobago 0.64 1.86 2.91 3.34 3.85 56.1 51.7Tunisia d 3.91 6.46 9.48 10.55 13.51 75.4 71.2Turkey d 13.63 38.16 77.55 89.36 106.65 70.0 62.7Ukraine - 5.74 20.61 26.82 37.40 41.1 61.6United Arab Emirates d 8.63 29.47 68.30 79.17 104.74 84.2 79.3United States 375.65 968.21 1239.32 1350.22 1409.63 76.9 69.8Viet Nam d 2.18 11.38 25.67 29.84 41.11 72.8 67.6

a Or nearest year. b Imports are valued f.o.b. c Figures refer to fiscal year. d Includes Secretariat estimates. e Beginning 2000, imports are valued f.o.b. f Includes significant imports into processing zones. g See the Metadata for information on intra-EU (27) imports. h Includes significant imports of diamonds. For the most recent year, the share of diamonds in total imports of manufactures was 9 per cent for India and 24 per cent for Israel.

Value

Imports of manufactures of selected economies, 1990-2007

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Share in economy's total merchandise imports

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4.1. Iron and steel

Table II.34

2007 2000 2007 2000 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

World 474.2 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 19 18 27Europe . . . . . . . .

World 228.2 100.0 100.0 49.9 48.1 18 19 27Europe 183.2 80.0 80.3 39.9 38.6 18 21 30Asia 11.8 4.4 5.2 2.2 2.5 21 -4 24North America 11.1 8.9 4.8 4.5 2.3 8 14 -2Middle East 9.7 2.4 4.3 1.2 2.1 28 25 22Africa 6.5 2.1 2.8 1.1 1.4 23 24 30Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 3.2 0.8 1.4 0.4 0.7 29 37 29South and Central America 2.2 1.2 1.0 0.6 0.5 14 4 17

Asia . . . . . . . . World 140.4 100.0 100.0 25.1 29.6 22 27 32Asia 79.1 68.0 56.3 17.0 16.7 18 4 28Europe 23.1 7.9 16.4 2.0 4.9 35 123 62North America 16.7 17.5 11.9 4.4 3.5 15 62 -4Middle East 12.6 3.6 9.0 0.9 2.7 39 77 69Africa 3.7 1.4 2.7 0.3 0.8 34 43 55South and Central America 3.0 1.5 2.2 0.4 0.6 28 121 67Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 2.2 0.2 1.6 0.1 0.5 61 54 102China . . . . . . . .

World 51.5 100.0 100.0 3.1 10.9 42 69 58Asia 20.2 56.4 39.2 1.7 4.3 35 25 52Europe 13.7 13.7 26.6 0.4 2.9 56 173 75North America 7.5 23.9 14.5 0.7 1.6 32 77 1Middle East 5.2 3.6 10.1 0.1 1.1 65 194 193Africa 1.7 1.1 3.2 0.0 0.4 66 116 85South and Central America 1.7 1.0 3.2 0.0 0.3 69 219 113Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 1.6 0.4 3.2 0.0 0.3 93 91 190

Other economies in Asia . . . . . . . . World 88.9 100.0 100.0 22.0 18.8 16 14 21Asia 58.9 69.6 66.2 15.3 12.4 15 0 22Europe 9.4 7.1 10.5 1.6 2.0 23 83 46North America 9.3 16.6 10.4 3.6 2.0 9 53 -7Middle East 7.4 3.6 8.3 0.8 1.6 31 57 30Africa 2.1 1.4 2.3 0.3 0.4 25 20 37South and Central America 1.4 1.6 1.6 0.3 0.3 16 80 33Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.6 0.2 0.6 0.0 0.1 38 28 9

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) . . . . . . . . World 45.4 100.0 100.0 9.7 9.6 19 10 21Europe 17.2 26.8 37.8 2.6 3.6 25 22 26Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 11.5 16.2 25.2 1.6 2.4 26 31 41Middle East 5.8 8.3 12.8 0.8 1.2 26 -6 64Asia 5.2 31.1 11.5 3.0 1.1 3 -43 14Africa 2.4 5.9 5.2 0.6 0.5 17 1 7North America 2.1 8.0 4.7 0.8 0.4 10 92 -42South and Central America 0.9 2.9 1.9 0.3 0.2 12 58 -14

Exports of iron and steel of selected regions and economies by destination, 2007

Annual percentage change

(Billion dollars and percentage)

ValueShare in region/economy's

exports Share in world exports

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Table II.35

Value Share Value Share

2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007 2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

Region Region World 217906 100.0 20 24 35 World 38249 100.0 10 30 -3Europe 170020 78.0 18 21 30 Asia 13090 34.2 14 66 -1Asia 21311 9.8 36 106 102 Europe 8840 23.1 7 17 -3CIS 13994 6.4 26 19 26 North America 8467 22.1 10 3 8South and Central America 4850 2.2 21 17 38 South and Central America 4633 12.1 11 5 5Africa 4005 1.8 19 17 22 CIS 2320 6.1 8 81 -37North America 3217 1.5 20 7 72 Africa 845 2.2 6 60 -31Middle East 448 0.2 14 53 -26 Middle East 54 0.1 1 46 -32

Economy Economy European Union (27) 160269 73.6 18 21 29 European Union (27) 8274 21.6 7 12 7China 11660 5.4 62 179 132 Canada 5839 15.3 10 8 12Russian Federation 7608 3.5 24 14 28 China 5274 13.8 34 83 13Ukraine 4878 2.2 30 25 23 Brazil 2943 7.7 11 7 -4Turkey 4063 1.9 27 46 54 Mexico 2628 6.9 10 -7 0

Above 5 188478 86.5 - - - Above 5 24958 65.3 - - -India 2789 1.3 42 56 73 Japan 1979 5.2 4 33 -7South Africa 2584 1.2 17 7 19 Korea, Republic of 1799 4.7 7 42 -14Korea, Republic of 2394 1.1 25 76 127 Taipei, Chinese 1399 3.7 10 115 -17Brazil 2344 1.1 20 20 48 India 1296 3.4 17 49 14United States 2181 1.0 19 5 79 Russian Federation 1248 3.3 12 91 -51Switzerland 1767 0.8 12 12 23 South Africa 814 2.1 6 37 0Norway 1671 0.8 11 -3 35 Ukraine 746 1.9 6 81 -21Taipei, Chinese 1474 0.7 24 103 84 Australia 510 1.3 10 86 -8FYR Macedonia 1087 0.5 32 25 89 Trinidad and Tobago 420 1.1 25 33 153Japan 1036 0.5 13 28 24 Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 387 1.0 2 -21 -25Serbia 886 0.4 ... 264 35 Dominican Republic 375 1.0 26 81 47Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 789 0.4 36 27 27 Turkey 335 0.9 7 65 -70Mexico 694 0.3 25 21 40 Thailand 281 0.7 4 71 -22Colombia 673 0.3 21 59 29 Colombia 249 0.7 27 17 27Egypt 668 0.3 33 54 32 Kazakhstan 246 0.6 4 -4 73New Caledonia 565 0.3 22 76 81 Malaysia 242 0.6 19 112 -35Belarus 547 0.3 35 58 15 Argentina 150 0.4 -3 -33 2Kazakhstan 525 0.2 18 40 4 Norway 116 0.3 -1 44 -24Indonesia 503 0.2 24 61 67 Chile 95 0.2 28 39 72Chile 404 0.2 70 7 4 Switzerland 75 0.2 5 26 12Canada 342 0.2 21 -7 110 New Zealand 75 0.2 9 82 -13Dominican Republic 331 0.2 18 65 46 Georgia 73 0.2 53 280 107Iran, Islamic Rep. of 319 0.1 16 60 -37 New Caledonia 73 0.2 12 77 77Australia 286 0.1 13 161 115 Singapore 51 0.1 37 320 103Thailand 281 0.1 12 37 52 Philippines 47 0.1 20 -10 82Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 273 0.1 27 38 22 FYR Macedonia 39 0.1 1 ... 289Argentina 261 0.1 7 -57 90 Israel 32 0.1 -1 11 6Malaysia 254 0.1 19 270 11 Indonesia 29 0.1 -19 115 -30Armenia 212 0.1 63 -35 39 Hong Kong, China 26 0.1 43 121 8Moldova 202 0.1 35 32 207 Zimbabwe 24 0.1 -5 -9 -46

Above 35 216820 99.5 - - - Above 35 38190 99.8 - - -

Imports of iron and steel of the European Union (27) and the United States by origin, 2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

European Union (27) United States

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Table II.36

2007 1980 1990 2000 2007 2000-07 2005 2006 2007

Exporters European Union (27) 212.37 - - 47.1 44.8 18 14 19 27

extra-EU (27) exports 52.10 - - 11.6 11.0 18 28 12 21China a 51.51 0.3 1.2 3.1 10.9 42 39 69 58Japan 34.40 20.1 11.8 10.4 7.3 13 18 9 15Russian Federation b 22.34 - - 5.1 4.7 17 18 6 16Ukraine 18.84 - - 3.6 4.0 20 11 17 27Korea, Republic of 18.80 2.2 3.4 4.7 4.0 16 23 10 19United States 15.14 4.2 3.3 4.4 3.2 13 32 11 19Taipei, Chinese 12.14 0.4 0.8 3.2 2.6 15 14 14 21Brazil 10.11 1.1 3.4 2.5 2.1 16 28 4 7Turkey b 8.73 0.0 1.4 1.3 1.8 25 -3 24 21India 8.22 0.1 0.2 0.9 1.7 30 26 27 25South Africa 7.46 1.6 2.0 1.9 1.6 15 4 -2 30Canada 7.11 2.3 1.9 2.3 1.5 12 20 11 14Mexico a 4.68 0.1 0.7 1.2 1.0 15 21 11 12Thailand 3.84 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.8 23 7 12 108Above 15 435.68 - - 92.3 91.9 - - - -

Importers European Union (27) 217.91 - - 40.1 43.8 20 11 24 35

extra-EU (27) imports 57.64 - - 7.3 11.6 26 16 36 52United States 38.25 10.1 9.5 12.3 7.7 10 8 30 -3China a 24.14 2.7 2.5 6.2 4.9 14 13 -18 12Korea, Republic of 21.45 1.2 2.9 3.4 4.3 22 23 6 35Thailand 12.46 0.6 2.4 1.8 2.5 24 38 -10 58Turkey b 11.20 0.4 1.1 1.5 2.3 25 27 21 38Canada c 10.54 1.6 2.0 3.4 2.1 10 25 15 -4Taipei, Chinese 9.19 1.4 2.5 3.0 1.8 10 -2 -8 16Russian Federation b, c 8.42 - - 1.0 1.7 27 35 40 46India 8.36 1.0 1.0 0.5 1.7 39 96 27 48Japan 8.35 1.1 4.1 2.3 1.7 13 30 -10 28Iran, Islamic Rep. of b 8.28 ... ... 1.0 1.7 27 19 9 51Mexico a, c 7.88 2.2 1.0 2.5 1.6 10 21 24 1United Arab Emirates b 7.81 0.7 0.4 0.7 1.6 34 25 52 54Saudi Arabia 7.61 2.3 0.7 0.7 1.5 33 53 71 33Above 15 401.85 - - 80.5 80.8 - - - -

a Includes significant shipments through processing zones

c Imports are valued f.o.b.

Leading exporters and importers of iron and steel, 2007

b Includes Secretariat estimates.

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Share in world exports/imports Annual percentage change Value

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4.2. Chemicals

Table II.37

2007 2000 2007 2000 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

World 1483.2 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 14 13 19Europe . . . . . . . .

World 883.3 100.0 100.0 58.5 59.6 15 12 19Europe 639.4 70.8 72.4 41.4 43.1 15 11 20North America 96.3 11.8 10.9 6.9 6.5 13 14 11Asia 63.1 8.4 7.1 4.9 4.3 12 9 15Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 26.9 1.4 3.0 0.8 1.8 28 34 25Africa 17.8 2.2 2.0 1.3 1.2 13 10 20Middle East 17.0 2.1 1.9 1.2 1.1 13 12 18South and Central America 15.1 2.2 1.7 1.3 1.0 10 17 24

Asia . . . . . . . . World 287.0 100.0 100.0 17.3 19.4 16 15 21Asia 182.8 65.1 63.7 11.3 12.3 16 14 20Europe 45.1 14.5 15.7 2.5 3.0 17 16 26North America 32.2 14.2 11.2 2.5 2.2 12 14 13Middle East 7.7 1.9 2.7 0.3 0.5 22 20 39Africa 7.7 1.7 2.7 0.3 0.5 24 29 39South and Central America 7.2 1.8 2.5 0.3 0.5 22 24 38Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 4.4 0.7 1.5 0.1 0.3 31 30 36Japan . . . . . . . .

World 65.2 100.0 100.0 6.0 4.4 9 10 13Asia 47.5 60.9 72.8 3.7 3.2 12 13 15North America 8.3 21.1 12.7 1.3 0.6 2 0 3Europe 8.0 15.8 12.2 1.0 0.5 5 6 7South and Central America 0.6 1.1 0.9 0.1 0.0 6 7 28Middle East 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.0 0.0 13 13 32Africa 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.0 10 19 35Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 25 42 17

Other economies in Asia . . . . . . . . World 221.9 100.0 100.0 11.3 15.0 19 17 24Asia 135.3 67.4 61.0 7.6 9.1 17 15 21Europe 37.1 13.8 16.7 1.6 2.5 22 19 31North America 23.9 10.6 10.8 1.2 1.6 19 20 17Africa 7.4 2.4 3.3 0.3 0.5 25 30 39Middle East 7.2 2.6 3.3 0.3 0.5 23 21 40South and Central America 6.6 2.1 3.0 0.2 0.4 25 26 39Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 4.3 1.0 1.9 0.1 0.3 31 30 37

North America . . . . . . . . World 199.3 100.0 100.0 17.6 13.4 10 13 15North America 72.0 39.1 36.1 6.9 4.9 9 12 6Europe 58.5 25.3 29.4 4.5 3.9 12 15 20Asia 43.0 23.3 21.6 4.1 2.9 9 8 18South and Central America 20.1 10.0 10.1 1.8 1.4 10 20 25Middle East 2.7 1.1 1.4 0.2 0.2 14 9 40Africa 2.0 0.9 1.0 0.2 0.1 12 27 27Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.8 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.1 15 20 38

Exports of chemicals of selected regions and economies by destination, 2007

Annual percentage change

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Share in region's exports Share in world exports

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Table II.38

2007 1980 1990 2000 2007 2000-07 2005 2006 2007

Exporters European Union (27) 813.1 - - 54.1 54.8 14 10 12 19

extra-EU (27) exports 270.3 - - 18.8 18.2 14 8 13 17United States 154.4 14.8 13.3 14.1 10.4 9 6 13 14Japan 65.2 4.7 5.3 6.0 4.4 9 10 10 13China a 60.3 0.8 1.3 2.1 4.1 26 36 24 35Switzerland 59.3 4.0 4.7 3.7 4.0 15 10 14 15Korea, Republic of 37.5 0.5 0.8 2.4 2.5 15 20 15 18Canada 34.7 2.5 2.2 2.5 2.3 13 20 13 18Singapore 33.7 0.5 1.1 1.6 2.3 20 14 18 9

domestic exports 26.7 0.2 0.7 1.1 1.8 23 13 20 7 re-exports 7.0 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.5 11 14 11 17

Taipei, Chinese 28.1 0.4 0.9 1.6 1.9 17 23 10 28Russian Federation b 18.4 - - 1.2 1.2 15 23 14 24Hong Kong, China 17.1 0.5 1.5 1.8 1.2 7 8 10 10

domestic exports 1.4 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 8 25 13 14 re-exports 15.7 0.4 1.2 1.6 1.1 7 7 10 9

India 16.3 0.3 0.4 0.7 1.1 21 30 24 16Saudi Arabia 14.3 0.1 0.8 0.7 1.0 19 35 9 19Thailand 12.2 0.0 0.2 0.7 0.8 17 29 17 17Israel 10.8 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 15 19 19 17Above 15 1359.7 - - 92.4 91.7 - - - -

Importers European Union (27) 707.5 - - 44.7 46.7 15 10 12 20

extra-EU (27) imports 164.7 - - 10.7 10.9 14 9 14 20United States 159.4 6.2 7.7 12.5 10.5 11 14 11 9China a 107.6 2.0 2.2 5.0 7.1 20 19 12 24Japan 45.6 4.1 5.0 4.3 3.0 8 10 8 12Canada c 39.0 2.2 2.5 3.3 2.6 10 13 13 9Switzerland 36.1 2.5 2.6 2.2 2.4 15 10 9 21Korea, Republic of 32.4 1.3 2.4 2.2 2.1 13 19 13 18Mexico a, c 30.3 1.5 1.2 2.5 2.0 10 15 12 10Taipei, Chinese 28.7 1.3 2.3 2.6 1.9 9 11 14 10Brazil 23.0 2.4 1.1 1.6 1.5 13 6 13 39Turkey b 22.4 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.5 17 15 14 21Hong Kong, China 21.4 1.1 2.0 2.2 1.4 7 13 8 7

retained imports 5.7 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.4 6 31 3 1Russian Federation b, c 21.0 - - 0.8 1.4 23 34 35 15India 21.0 ... 1.0 0.8 1.4 23 47 18 28Australia c 16.6 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.1 11 15 4 19Above 15 1296.4 - - 85.6 85.6 - - - -

Leading exporters and importers of chemicals, 2007

a Includes significant shipments through processing zones

c Imports are valued f.o.b.

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Share in world exports/imports

b Includes Secretariat estimates.

Value Annual percentage change

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Table II.39

2007 2000 2007 2000-07 2005 2006 2007

Exporters European Union (27) 255.4 65.1 69.3 20 9 12 18

extra-EU (27) exports 100.4 28.6 27.2 18 10 16 19Switzerland 36.2 9.6 9.8 19 12 20 16United States 33.5 12.1 9.1 14 8 12 15Singapore 6.3 0.9 1.7 30 149 79 19

domestic exports 5.4 0.5 1.5 38 231 95 19 re-exports 0.9 0.4 0.3 11 29 19 24

Canada 6.2 1.1 1.7 26 17 34 32China a 6.0 1.6 1.6 19 17 19 34India 4.4 1.1 1.2 21 22 24 31Israel 3.5 0.4 1.0 35 52 53 11Australia 3.3 1.1 0.9 16 29 6 25Japan 3.2 2.5 0.9 2 -6 -4 0Mexico a 1.5 0.8 0.4 8 -2 -4 10Hong Kong, China 1.2 0.7 0.3 8 6 41 25

domestic exports 0.2 0.1 0.1 12 24 8 15 re-exports 1.0 0.6 0.3 7 1 53 28

Brazil 0.8 0.2 0.2 17 29 31 22Korea, Republic of 0.8 0.3 0.2 13 10 20 34Norway 0.7 0.2 0.2 16 20 3 27Above 15 361.9 97.3 98.2 - - - -

Importers European Union (27) 204.1 51.3 55.3 20 7 11 16

extra-EU (27) imports 49.1 15.3 13.3 16 3 15 11United States 54.0 13.4 14.6 20 11 18 17Switzerland 16.7 4.7 4.5 18 12 14 13Canada b 10.3 3.4 2.8 15 13 20 10Japan 9.2 4.3 2.5 10 15 4 8Russian Federation b, c 6.8 1.1 1.8 28 48 52 20Australia b 6.6 2.1 1.8 16 14 1 21Turkey c 4.1 1.2 1.1 17 5 5 22Brazil 4.0 1.6 1.1 13 13 26 32China a 3.9 0.9 1.1 22 22 18 43Mexico a, b 3.9 1.3 1.0 15 11 22 12Korea, Republic of 3.1 0.7 0.9 21 15 30 23Saudi Arabia 2.2 0.8 0.6 14 14 12 15Ukraine 2.0 0.3 0.5 32 40 32 40Singapore 1.7 0.6 0.5 14 72 2 7

retained imports 0.8 0.2 0.2 17 118 -8 -7Above 15 332.7 87.6 90.2 - - - -

b Imports are valued f.o.b.

Leading exporters and importers of pharmaceuticals, 2007

a Includes significant shipments through processing zones

c Includes Secretariat estimates.

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Share in world exports/imports Value Annual percentage change

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4.3. Offi ce and telecom equipment

Table II.40

2007 2000 2007 2000 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

World 1514.3 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 7 14 4Asia

World 880.9 100.0 100.0 47.3 58.2 10 15 10Asia 452.3 48.5 51.3 22.9 29.9 11 15 11North America 204.7 29.4 23.2 13.9 13.5 6 17 2Europe 189.4 20.0 21.5 9.5 12.5 11 11 15South and Central America 11.3 0.9 1.3 0.4 0.7 16 34 15Middle East 10.4 0.8 1.2 0.4 0.7 17 21 17Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 6.6 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.4 40 28 55Africa 6.1 0.3 0.7 0.2 0.4 22 26 24China

World 347.7 100.0 100.0 4.5 23.0 35 27 21Asia 114.7 37.3 33.0 1.7 7.6 32 27 21North America 108.5 34.2 31.2 1.5 7.2 33 28 11Europe 105.8 25.2 30.4 1.1 7.0 38 23 30South and Central America 6.2 1.4 1.8 0.1 0.4 39 58 44Middle East 4.5 0.9 1.3 0.0 0.3 41 37 38Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 4.3 0.3 1.2 0.0 0.3 61 57 49Africa 3.7 0.6 1.1 0.0 0.2 47 45 43

Other economies in Asia World 533.2 100.0 100.0 42.8 35.2 4 9 4Asia 337.6 49.7 63.3 21.2 22.3 7 11 8North America 96.2 28.9 18.0 12.4 6.4 -3 9 -5Europe 83.6 19.4 15.7 8.3 5.5 1 2 1Middle East 6.0 0.8 1.1 0.3 0.4 10 13 4South and Central America 5.2 0.8 1.0 0.3 0.3 7 20 -7Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 2.4 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.2 25 -7 68Africa 2.4 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.2 9 10 3

Europe World 402.7 100.0 100.0 29.7 26.6 5 14 -7Europe 301.2 74.7 74.8 22.2 19.9 5 20 -11Asia 38.8 11.0 9.6 3.3 2.6 3 6 7North America 17.6 7.7 4.4 2.3 1.2 -3 -11 -3Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 16.2 1.0 4.0 0.3 1.1 28 5 16Middle East 13.4 1.8 3.3 0.5 0.9 15 -18 -7Africa 11.5 1.9 2.9 0.6 0.8 11 10 8South and Central America 3.3 0.9 0.8 0.3 0.2 3 0 -10

North America World 204.0 100.0 100.0 21.5 13.5 0 12 3North America 94.0 44.3 46.1 9.5 6.2 0 11 5Asia 59.0 31.2 28.9 6.7 3.9 -1 12 -2Europe 29.2 17.4 14.3 3.7 1.9 -3 8 2South and Central America 17.5 5.4 8.6 1.2 1.2 7 23 11Middle East 2.3 1.1 1.1 0.2 0.2 0 0 7Africa 1.2 0.4 0.6 0.1 0.1 6 33 -18Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.0 11 25 17

Exports of office and telecom equipment of selected regions and economies by destination, 2007

Annual percentage change

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Share in region's exports Share in world exports

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Table II.41

Value Share Value Share

2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007 2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

Region Region World 515385 100.0 6 17 -4 World 262583 100.0 3 9 4Europe 282406 54.8 5 21 -11 Asia 201427 76.7 4 9 2Asia 193497 37.5 11 15 8 North America 45676 17.4 1 14 15North America 31657 6.1 -3 11 1 Europe 12596 4.8 -3 -7 -2South and Central America 2547 0.5 9 -11 -5 Middle East 1530 0.6 -4 15 -3Middle East 1929 0.4 -1 -58 -34 South and Central America 1195 0.5 -6 -19 -16Africa 1227 0.2 13 17 16 Africa 136 0.1 -3 16 -1CIS 633 0.1 22 40 80 CIS 23 0.0 1 0 28

Economy Economy European Union (27) 276779 53.7 5 22 -11 China 103760 39.5 24 18 9China 95401 18.5 31 29 19 Mexico 38664 14.7 5 20 18United States 27609 5.4 -4 11 2 Malaysia 24172 9.2 3 6 -16Japan 21840 4.2 -1 5 0 Japan 20046 7.6 -8 -4 -5Korea, Republic of 20106 3.9 10 7 8 Taipei, Chinese 14640 5.6 -4 16 -2

Above 5 441735 85.7 - - - Above 5 201282 76.7 - - -Taipei, Chinese 17023 3.3 4 7 0 Korea, Republic of 14295 5.4 -5 -7 4Malaysia 12776 2.5 5 9 1 European Union (27) 12041 4.6 -3 -7 -3Singapore 8851 1.7 -3 3 -21 Thailand 8727 3.3 6 7 2Thailand 5659 1.1 8 14 14 Singapore 8642 3.3 -7 2 -4Philippines 4636 0.9 1 -5 -7 Canada 7013 2.7 -11 -8 -1Hong Kong, China 3926 0.8 4 -1 -13 Philippines 3719 1.4 -11 1 -6Turkey 2639 0.5 16 2 -16 Israel 1515 0.6 -4 14 -1Canada 2169 0.4 -4 20 -7 Indonesia 1490 0.6 -5 -27 10Costa Rica 2168 0.4 9 -8 -3 Hong Kong, China 977 0.4 -9 -11 -2Mexico 1877 0.4 6 10 2 Costa Rica 652 0.2 -7 -2 6Switzerland 1854 0.4 1 -33 -27 Viet Nam 462 0.2 191 99 51Indonesia 1820 0.4 5 -6 13 Brazil 318 0.1 -11 -28 -47Israel 1333 0.3 -4 8 11 Norway 309 0.1 11 21 24Norway 874 0.2 4 20 15 India 265 0.1 19 63 -18India 551 0.1 25 16 35 Switzerland 234 0.1 -7 -20 3

Above 20 509891 98.9 - - - Above 20 261941 99.8 - - -

(Million dollars and percentage)

Imports of office and telecom equipment of selected economies by origin, 2007

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

European Union (27) United States

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Table II.41 (continued)

Value Share Value Share

2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007 2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

Region Region World 226279 100.0 26 23 14 World 69675 100.0 2 3 1Asia 200703 88.7 30 23 15 Asia 57614 82.7 5 2 3North America 12784 5.7 12 29 8 North America 8996 12.9 -7 8 -6Europe 9641 4.3 5 18 8 Europe 2713 3.9 -8 0 -6South and Central America 2287 1.0 118 92 29 South and Central America 232 0.3 1 31 -3Middle East 501 0.2 24 61 40 Middle East 103 0.1 -3 -41 1Africa 325 0.1 37 31 12 Africa 11 0.0 -3 75 -21CIS 37 0.0 -1 12 -20 CIS 6 0.0 29 0 0

Economy Economy China 42879 18.9 48 38 9 China 27096 38.9 23 2 7Taipei, Chinese 36051 15.9 32 25 16 Taipei, Chinese 8264 11.9 -2 14 -8Korea, Republic of 34045 15.0 34 25 14 United States 8123 11.7 -8 8 -7Japan 28103 12.4 17 13 14 Korea, Republic of 8110 11.6 3 4 15Philippines 19468 8.6 51 35 29 Malaysia 3940 5.7 -7 -5 -3

Above 5 160546 71.0 - - - Above 5 55534 79.7 - - -Malaysia 17163 7.6 32 14 14 Thailand 3480 5.0 5 -4 3United States 10789 4.8 11 32 7 Philippines 2852 4.1 -5 -13 -4Thailand 10703 4.7 35 25 36 European Union (27) 2642 3.8 -8 0 -7European Union (27) 9390 4.2 4 18 8 Singapore 2571 3.7 -5 0 -8Singapore 6623 2.9 20 -3 -7 Indonesia 725 1.0 -2 -14 3Hong Kong, China 3564 1.6 7 -20 26 Mexico 503 0.7 0 3 11Costa Rica 2269 1.0 123 93 32 Canada 370 0.5 -2 13 -15Indonesia 1639 0.7 29 28 -1 Hong Kong, China 279 0.4 -9 -14 -1Mexico 1295 0.6 24 14 28 Viet Nam 244 0.4 36 67 47Canada 700 0.3 12 14 1 Costa Rica 229 0.3 6 34 0Israel 500 0.2 24 65 40 Israel 103 0.1 -3 -41 1Morocco 320 0.1 39 29 14 Switzerland 44 0.1 -10 9 28Viet Nam 214 0.1 70 28 214 Norway 27 0.0 8 -4 45Switzerland 195 0.1 23 1 15 Australia 24 0.0 -11 10 54Australia 114 0.1 18 -6 146 Bangladesh 13 0.0 25 18 -6

Above 20 226025 99.9 - - - Above 20 69639 99.9 - - -

a In 2007, China reported imports from China accounting for nearly 19 per cent of its office and telecom equipment imports. For further information, see the Metadata.

Imports of office and telecom equipment of selected economies by origin, 2007

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

(Million dollars and percentage)

China a Japan

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Table II.42

2007 1980 1990 2000 2007 2000-07 2005 2006 2007

Exporters European Union (27) 394.7 - - 29.2 26.1 5 13 15 -8

extra-EU (27) exports 117.9 - - 8.7 7.8 5 17 -3 4China a 347.1 0.1 1.0 4.5 22.9 35 32 27 21Hong Kong, China 136.2 2.8 4.3 5.2 9.0 15 20 14 9

domestic exports 1.8 2.0 1.6 0.4 0.1 -11 82 1 -47 re-exports 134.4 0.8 2.7 4.8 8.9 17 19 14 11

United States 134.9 19.5 17.3 15.8 8.9 -2 4 9 -1Singapore 119.9 3.2 6.4 7.6 7.9 7 10 16 2

domestic exports b 55.1 2.5 4.9 4.3 3.6 4 6 22 -1 re-exports b 64.9 0.7 1.5 3.3 4.3 10 14 11 4

Japan 103.1 21.1 22.5 11.2 6.8 -1 -4 2 4Korea, Republic of 92.7 2.0 4.8 6.1 6.1 7 0 1 11Malaysia a 68.4 1.4 2.7 5.4 4.5 4 7 13 1Taipei, Chinese 65.4 3.2 4.7 6.0 4.3 2 0 14 1Mexico a 53.9 0.1 1.5 3.5 3.6 7 5 22 16Thailand 32.1 0.0 1.2 1.9 2.1 8 13 23 9Philippines a, b 27.0 0.1 0.6 2.6 1.8 1 -1 10 3Canada 15.2 2.0 1.9 2.1 1.0 -4 18 8 3United Arab Emirates b 10.9 ... ... 0.2 0.7 31 102 -20 17Israel b 6.5 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.4 -1 1 12 9Above 15 1473.7 - - 97.2 97.3 - - - -

Importers European Union (27) 515.4 - - 34.0 31.5 6 11 17 -4

extra-EU (27) imports 238.6 - - 14.7 14.6 7 10 10 6United States 262.1 15.9 21.1 21.3 16.0 3 10 9 3China a, c 226.3 0.6 1.3 4.4 13.8 26 25 23 14Hong Kong, China 142.0 2.4 4.1 5.9 8.7 13 15 16 10

retained imports 7.6 1.7 1.4 1.3 0.5 -8 -25 40 -9Singapore 87.3 2.6 4.5 5.4 5.3 7 12 15 2

retained imports b 22.4 1.9 2.9 2.2 1.4 0 6 25 -2Japan 69.7 2.6 3.7 6.0 4.3 2 4 3 1Malaysia a 48.2 1.6 1.9 3.2 2.9 6 7 10 5Korea, Republic of 45.5 1.3 2.6 3.4 2.8 4 6 7 13Mexico a, d 43.9 0.9 1.5 2.9 2.7 6 5 18 4Taipei, Chinese 40.3 1.4 2.5 3.8 2.5 1 5 7 -3Canada d 31.3 4.1 3.5 3.0 1.9 0 11 8 5Philippines b, d 25.7 0.2 0.7 1.5 1.6 8 1 6 10Thailand 21.8 0.2 1.1 1.4 1.3 7 12 9 5Russian Federation b, d 18.9 - - 0.3 1.2 30 32 14 32Australia d 17.4 1.5 1.4 1.1 1.1 7 6 10 12Above 15 1461.4 - - 93.0 89.2 - - - -

d Imports are valued f.o.b.

b Includes Secretariat estimates. c In 2007, China reported imports of office and telecom equipment from China amounting to $42.9 billion. For further information, see the Metadata.

Leading exporters and importers of office and telecom equipment, 2007

a Includes significant shipments through processing zones

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Share in world exports/imports Value Annual percentage change

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Table II.43

1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2000 2007 a

World 298551 | 968279 1278447 1458222 1514309 15.4 11.1Argentina 119 94 76 119 151 0.4 0.3Australia 741 1781 1764 1759 1957 2.8 1.4Belarus - 99 150 90 99 1.4 0.4Brazil 692 2317 3722 3979 2960 4.2 1.8Canada 5622 20631 13649 14752 15175 7.5 3.6China b 3126 43498 225964 287331 347113 17.5 28.5Costa Rica b 0 1688 1681 2009 2513 28.8 26.9Croatia ... 87 222 274 360 2.0 2.9European Union (27) - 282381 372658 426731 394699 11.5 7.4 intra-EU (27) exports - 198419 255872 313166 276779 11.9 7.6 extra-EU (27) exports - 83962 116786 113565 117920 10.7 6.9Hong Kong, China 12886 50066 109557 124673 136229 24.7 39.0 domestic exports 4772 3997 3377 3424 1831 17.0 10.1 re-exports 8114 46069 106181 121250 134398 25.7 40.6India 182 384 929 1163 1329 0.9 0.9Indonesia 124 7280 6810 6063 5291 11.1 4.5Israel c 1226 6939 5306 5934 6470 22.1 12.0Japan 67032 108179 97950 99490 103124 22.6 14.5Jordan 4 36 139 195 382 1.9 6.7Korea, Republic of 14339 58686 82991 83671 92680 34.1 24.9Macao, China c 14 19 53 73 147 0.8 5.8Malaysia b 8207 52382 60091 67874 68400 53.3 38.8Mauritius b, c 3 2 285 306 92 0.1 4.1Mexico b 4535 34042 38044 46586 53911 20.5 19.8Morocco b 110 506 672 782 825 6.8 5.6New Zealand 95 231 362 369 416 1.7 1.5Norway 655 1142 1319 1524 1703 1.9 1.2Pakistan 4 6 77 94 83 0.1 0.5Philippines b, c 1835 25138 23792 26092 26962 63.2 53.4Russian Federation c - 306 449 708 727 0.3 0.2Saudi Arabia 14 29 125 166 188 0.0 0.1Serbia ... ... ... 61 100 ... 1.1Singapore 19235 73820 | 101683 118023 119948 53.6 40.1 domestic exports c 14685 41523 | 45524 55561 55066 52.8 35.3 re-exports c 4549 32297 | 56159 62462 64882 54.6 45.3South Africa ... 409 607 764 883 1.4 1.3Switzerland 1520 2909 | 3145 2773 2910 3.6 1.7Taipei, Chinese 14105 57821 56580 64462 65392 39.0 27.9Thailand 3520 18653 23910 29354 32103 27.0 21.0Tunisia 24 49 164 335 347 0.8 2.3Turkey c 259 1008 3214 3158 2667 3.6 2.5Ukraine - 94 184 279 595 0.6 1.2United Arab Emirates c ... 1633 11661 9377 10926 3.3 6.3United States 51658 153399 125659 136750 134934 19.6 11.6Viet Nam ... 652 1348 1713 ... 4.5 4.3

a Or nearest year. b Includes significant exports from processing zones. c Includes Secretariat estimates.

Value

Exports of office and telecom equipment of selected economies, 1990-2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

Share in economy's total merchandise exports

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Table II.44

1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2000 2007 a

Algeria 253 444 1531 1208 1134 4.8 4.1Argentina 305 3477 3330 3961 4593 13.8 10.3Australia b 4343 10771 14086 15511 17375 15.1 11.2Bangladesh c, d 91 199 575 758 755 2.2 4.1Belarus - 194 400 573 622 2.2 2.2Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela b 367 1189 2577 4436 5492 8.2 13.1Brazil e 1514 7601 8786 11040 12349 13.6 10.2Canada b 10475 30418 27598 29697 31260 12.7 8.2Chile 456 1681 2246 2867 3180 9.1 6.7China f 4058 44427 160468 197948 226279 19.7 23.7Colombia 365 1048 2764 3127 3615 9.1 11.0Costa Rica f 84 977 2078 2362 2293 15.3 17.7Croatia ... 418 1128 1289 1538 5.3 6.0Ecuador 57 200 1068 926 931 5.4 6.9Egypt 226 593 887 858 1164 4.2 4.3El Salvador f ... 325 349 465 613 6.6 7.1European Union (27) g - 343708 458177 536443 515385 13.3 9.2 extra-EU (27) imports - 148928 203136 224214 238606 16.2 12.2Guatemala f 61 419 | 625 822 843 8.7 6.2Hong Kong, China 12326 59370 112118 129590 142012 27.7 38.4 retained imports 4212 13301 5937 8340 7614 38.1 19.6India 662 2664 10350 12974 15419 5.2 7.1Indonesia 892 705 2088 2150 3522 1.6 3.8Iran, Islamic Rep. of d ... 530 2210 2591 2421 3.8 5.3Israel 939 4894 4340 4495 4859 13.0 8.2Japan 11273 60866 66955 68657 69680 16.0 11.2Jordan 56 201 718 732 1052 4.4 7.8Kazakhstan d - 261 684 825 1251 5.2 3.8Kenya 124 142 238 354 465 4.6 5.2Korea, Republic of 7741 34012 37613 40279 45536 21.2 12.8Kuwait d 128 409 900 892 844 5.7 3.6Macao, China d 64 104 438 480 619 4.6 11.5Malaysia f 5744 32405 41893 46062 48198 39.5 32.8Mexico b, f 4640 29011 36059 42418 43928 16.6 15.6Morocco f 306 1212 1432 1473 1828 10.5 5.8New Zealand 905 1618 2468 2356 2670 11.6 8.6Norway 1732 3352 4893 5487 6375 9.7 7.9Pakistan 236 372 2151 2530 2125 3.4 6.5Panama 65 244 371 398 416 7.2 6.1Paraguay 320 224 524 1578 1681 10.2 23.1Peru 100 656 1035 1329 1455 8.9 7.2Philippines d 2044 15150 21982 23299 25745 40.9 44.4Qatar 52 143 499 721 ... 4.4 4.4Russian Federation b, d - 3002 12528 14298 18888 6.7 8.5Saudi Arabia 811 1242 3859 4789 6023 4.1 6.7Serbia ... ... ... 700 1051 ... 5.7Serbia and Montenegro ... 145 579 ... ... 3.9 5.0Singapore 13392 54107 | 74365 85262 87251 40.2 33.2 retained imports d 8842 21810 | 18206 22801 22370 28.9 18.7South Africa b ... 3364 6190 7112 7349 12.6 9.2Sri Lanka d 51 259 368 496 535 3.6 4.7Sudan ... 96 308 549 ... 6.2 6.8Switzerland 4797 8045 9242 8971 9754 9.7 6.0Taipei, Chinese 7438 38646 38615 41477 40338 27.6 18.4Thailand 3421 14055 19117 20863 21841 22.7 14.3Tunisia 149 318 596 799 790 3.7 4.2Turkey d 1234 5522 6977 7945 9109 10.1 5.4Ukraine - 327 1423 1438 1389 2.3 2.3United Arab Emirates d 698 4002 14452 15561 15403 11.4 11.7United States 63365 215544 233142 253703 262074 17.1 13.0Viet Nam ... 1038 2328 2990 ... 6.6 6.7

a Or nearest year. b Imports are valued f.o.b. c Figures refer to fiscal year. d Includes Secretariat estimates. e Beginning 2000, imports are valued f.o.b. f Includes significant imports into processing zones. g See the Metadata for information on intra-EU (27) imports.

Value

Imports of office and telecom equipment of selected economies, 1990-2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

Share in economy's total merchandise imports

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4.3.1. EDP equipment

Table II.45

Value Share Value S Share

2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007 2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

Region Region World 223581 100.0 6 13 -2 World 110631 100.0 2 8 2Europe 125716 56.2 6 12 -2 Asia 95624 86.4 4 10 3Asia 82290 36.8 8 15 4 North America 9082 8.2 -5 -3 3North America 12508 5.6 -4 13 -29 Europe 4809 4.3 -7 -1 -15South and Central America 2102 0.9 12 36 -4 Middle East 564 0.5 5 20 48Middle East 622 0.3 1 -8 8 South and Central America 541 0.5 -8 -2 16Africa 249 0.1 19 5 38 Africa 9 0.0 4 43 -10CIS 63 0.0 5 5 -6 CIS 2 0.0 10 0 0

Economy Economy European Union (27) 124382 55.6 6 13 -2 China 54598 49.4 25 15 10China 45980 20.6 29 25 15 Malaysia 14372 13.0 8 15 -3United States 10760 4.8 -5 12 -33 Japan 8552 7.7 -9 -2 -4Japan 8494 3.8 -3 16 1 Mexico 6948 6.3 -4 -2 0Taipei, Chinese 6236 2.8 -6 -5 -29 Singapore 5251 4.7 -9 -4 -15

Above 5 195852 87.6 - - - Above 5 89721 81.1 - - -Malaysia 5790 2.6 7 46 -2 European Union (27) 4665 4.2 -7 -1 -16Singapore 4579 2.0 -3 -3 -18 Thailand 3929 3.6 5 25 10Thailand 2907 1.3 8 7 11 Taipei, Chinese 3475 3.1 -15 -7 -25Korea, Republic of 2588 1.2 -7 -9 -6 Korea, Republic of 3337 3.0 -12 4 -1Costa Rica 2024 0.9 12 40 -3 Canada 2134 1.9 -8 -6 15Philippines 1950 0.9 -4 3 -11 Philippines 1063 1.0 -13 -10 -3Hong Kong, China 1715 0.8 2 -4 -19 Israel 560 0.5 5 21 49Canada 884 0.4 6 42 -2 Indonesia 447 0.4 -7 -17 16Switzerland 849 0.4 3 -20 39 Costa Rica 422 0.4 -9 35 22Mexico 840 0.4 1 1 2 Viet Nam 254 0.2 272 74 31Indonesia 455 0.2 -4 -25 -2 Hong Kong, China 209 0.2 -8 -19 18Israel 446 0.2 -1 -2 36 Switzerland 88 0.1 -12 2 -1Viet Nam 268 0.1 90 95 24 Dominican Republic 65 0.1 147 -64 6Norway 173 0.1 -2 23 -10 Australia 63 0.1 4 7 33India 142 0.1 31 17 60 Norway 52 0.0 -7 12 25

Above 20 221461 99.1 - - - Above 20 110485 99.9 - - -

Imports of EDP and office equipment of selected economies by origin, 2007

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

(Million dollars and percentage)

European Union (27) United States

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Table II.45 (continued)

Value Share Value Share

2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007 2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

Region Region World 45459 100.0 23 14 12 World 23637 100.0 -2 -5 -10Asia 41089 90.4 26 15 13 Asia 20581 87.1 1 -3 -7North America 2612 5.7 4 4 -8 North America 1917 8.1 -14 -9 -34Europe 1696 3.7 11 -1 5 Europe 1078 4.6 -12 -14 -8Middle East 50 0.1 13 11 67 Middle East 38 0.2 -8 -37 -33South and Central America 7 0.0 32 267 -36 South and Central America 22 0.1 -10 0 -27Africa 2 0.0 ... ... ... Africa 1 0.0 -9 -50 0CIS 2 0.0 10 ... ... CIS 0 0.0 ... ... ...

Economy Economy China 15306 33.7 45 23 15 China 14279 60.4 25 1 -1Thailand 6609 14.5 38 31 44 United States 1657 7.0 -15 -11 -34Korea, Republic of 5379 11.8 37 32 49 Thailand 1244 5.3 1 -2 -11Japan 3926 8.6 13 -1 -5 Singapore 1174 5.0 -8 -11 -20Philippines 2647 5.8 32 11 -2 European Union (27) 1048 4.4 -12 -14 -9

Above 5 33866 74.5 - - - Above 5 19402 82.1 - - -United States 2196 4.8 3 6 -5 Korea, Republic of 1011 4.3 -12 -26 -10Taipei, Chinese 2136 4.7 10 8 -16 Taipei, Chinese 962 4.1 -22 -15 -33Singapore 2086 4.6 13 -20 8 Philippines 840 3.6 -11 -6 -7European Union (27) 1655 3.6 11 -1 4 Malaysia 661 2.8 -16 5 -33Malaysia 1630 3.6 13 15 -2 Indonesia 255 1.1 2 -17 7Indonesia 907 2.0 25 29 -20 Mexico 194 0.8 -3 13 -26Mexico 366 0.8 8 6 -12 Hong Kong, China 78 0.3 -13 -13 -46Hong Kong, China 258 0.6 -10 -12 -50 Canada 66 0.3 -18 -14 -57Viet Nam 141 0.3 120 20 235 Viet Nam 57 0.2 34 73 9Israel 50 0.1 16 12 68 Israel 38 0.2 -8 -36 -34Canada 50 0.1 13 -30 -47 Switzerland 25 0.1 -15 38 41India 45 0.1 72 190 55 Costa Rica 20 0.1 -11 -4 -10Switzerland 32 0.1 13 -6 76 Australia 10 0.0 -17 5 19Australia 18 0.0 4 32 64 India 8 0.0 ... 50 167Costa Rica 4 0.0 31 185 224 Norway 5 0.0 3 -24 16

Above 20 45441 100.0 - - - Above 20 23632 100.0 - - -

a In 2007, China reported imports from China accounting for nearly 34 per cent of its EDP and office equipment imports. For further information, see the Metadata.

Imports of EDP and office equipment of selected economies by origin, 2007

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

(Million dollars and percentage)

China a Japan

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Table II.46

2007 2000 2007 2000-07 2005 2006 2007

Exporters China a 165.9 5.0 30.7 37 27 22 23European Union (27) 157.6 30.5 29.2 5 9 10 -4

extra-EU (27) exports 37.5 7.0 6.9 5 16 2 3United States 46.2 15.5 8.5 -3 7 5 -6Hong Kong, China 34.7 4.4 6.4 11 31 9 -14

domestic exports 0.4 0.3 0.1 -12 160 42 -85 re-exports 34.3 4.2 6.4 12 28 8 -10

Singapore 32.3 8.4 6.0 1 9 0 0 domestic exports b 20.0 6.0 3.7 -2 5 0 -4 re-exports b 12.3 2.4 2.3 5 17 1 7

Malaysia a 27.1 5.6 5.0 4 14 22 -3Japan 23.8 9.5 4.4 -5 -5 -1 -1Korea, Republic of 19.7 5.3 3.6 0 -18 1 10Thailand 16.6 2.4 3.1 10 27 27 13Mexico a 12.3 3.2 2.3 1 -16 6 0Taipei, Chinese 11.9 7.9 2.2 -12 -23 -8 -14Philippines a, b 8.2 1.9 1.5 2 3 5 0Canada 4.3 1.5 0.8 -3 4 6 10United Arab Emirates b 2.3 0.2 0.4 20 27 23 27Indonesia 1.8 0.8 0.3 -7 4 -11 -27Above 15 530.4 97.7 98.1 - - - -

Importers European Union (27) 223.6 39.8 40.6 6 7 13 -2

extra-EU (27) imports 99.2 17.5 18.0 6 7 14 -2United States 110.6 24.7 20.1 2 5 8 2China a, c 45.5 2.8 8.2 23 21 14 12Hong Kong, China 33.1 4.8 6.0 9 20 14 -10

retained imports ... ... ... ... ... ... ...Japan 23.6 7.2 4.3 -2 2 -5 -10Singapore 19.7 4.4 3.6 2 13 -1 2

retained imports b 7.4 2.1 1.4 -1 9 -3 -7Canada d 13.2 3.2 2.4 1 11 6 3Mexico a, d 11.3 1.5 2.0 10 -6 3 -3Malaysia a 10.8 1.2 2.0 14 15 5 6Korea, Republic of 8.9 2.0 1.6 2 20 14 11Australia d 8.0 1.3 1.5 7 9 7 14Thailand 7.0 1.0 1.3 9 19 12 10United Arab Emirates b 6.4 0.3 1.2 26 44 25 10Russian Federation b, d 5.8 0.4 1.0 23 44 15 17Taipei, Chinese 5.2 2.7 0.9 -9 -10 -7 3Above 15 e 499.6 92.4 90.7 - - - -

d Imports are valued f.o.b.

Leading exporters and importers of EDP and office equipment, 2007

a Includes significant shipments through processing zones b Includes Secretariat estimates. c In 2007, China reported imports of EDP and office equipment imports from China amounting to $15.3 billion. For further information, see the Metadata.

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Share in world exports/imports Value Annual percentage change

e Excludes retained imports of Hong Kong, China.

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Table II.47

1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2000 2007 a

World ... 371884 467938 518632 540470 5.9 4.0Australia 494 811 878 864 975 1.3 0.7Brazil 172 490 481 501 449 0.9 0.3Canada 2708 5516 3687 3912 4307 2.0 1.0China b 375 18638 110695 134507 165880 7.5 13.6Costa Rica b ... 1628 684 639 1024 27.8 10.9Croatia ... 11 62 75 123 0.2 1.0European Union (27) - 113286 149046 164271 157646 4.6 3.0 intra-EU (27) exports - 87387 113392 127761 120184 5.2 3.3 extra-EU (27) exports - 25899 35654 36510 37462 3.3 2.2Hong Kong, China 3518 16402 37100 40583 34722 8.1 9.9 domestic exports 2086 937 1764 2508 379 4.0 2.1 re-exports 1432 15465 35335 38075 34343 8.6 10.4India 112 209 434 482 446 0.5 0.3Indonesia 1 3041 2758 2461 1798 4.6 1.5Israel 421 902 903 845 957 2.9 1.8Japan 24832 35209 24418 24131 23826 7.3 3.3Jordan 2 13 27 22 26 0.7 0.5Korea, Republic of 2702 19633 17757 17884 19710 11.4 5.3Macao, China ... 12 37 52 88 0.5 3.5Malaysia b 676 20689 22920 27982 27119 21.1 15.4Mexico b ... 11757 11624 12283 12340 7.1 4.5New Zealand 53 82 140 150 157 0.6 0.6Norway 350 460 313 399 392 0.8 0.3Philippines b, c 180 7208 7816 8178 8151 18.1 16.2Russian Federation c - 71 82 133 162 0.1 0.0Saudi Arabia ... 8 60 82 68 0.0 0.0Serbia ... ... ... 33 53 ... 0.6Serbia and Montenegro ... 3 16 ... ... 0.2 0.3Singapore 9205 31118 | 32233 32195 32305 22.6 10.8 domestic exports c 8022 22320 | 20866 20767 20033 28.4 12.8 re-exports c 1183 8799 | 11367 11427 12272 14.9 8.6South Africa ... 141 156 270 257 0.5 0.4Sri Lanka ... ... 55 39 25 ... 0.3Switzerland 617 1359 | 747 741 1048 1.7 0.6Taipei, Chinese 6673 29309 14931 13790 11876 19.8 5.1Thailand 1562 8769 11561 14658 16610 12.7 10.8Tunisia 2 2 36 59 111 0.0 0.7Turkey c 20 63 69 89 106 0.2 0.1Ukraine - 16 67 46 36 0.1 0.1United Arab Emirates c ... 613 1452 1781 2261 1.2 1.3United States 27766 57595 46882 49144 46192 7.4 4.0Viet Nam ... 486 893 1180 ... 3.4 3.0

a Or nearest year. b Includes significant exports from processing zones. c Includes Secretariat estimates.

Value

Exports of EDP and office equipment of selected economies, 1990-2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

Share in economy's total merchandise exports

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Table II.48

1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2000 2007 a

Algeria 94 111 403 324 327 1.2 1.2Argentina 120 1191 1034 1217 1418 4.7 3.2Australia b 2697 5043 6575 7021 8021 7.1 5.2Belarus - 91 106 182 243 1.1 0.8Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela b 191 388 779 1265 1545 2.7 3.7Brazil c 469 1962 2027 2719 3472 3.5 2.9Canada b 5171 12042 12093 12808 13186 5.0 3.5Chile 144 654 825 962 1060 3.5 2.2China d 772 10858 35790 40692 45458 4.8 4.8Colombia 123 420 687 858 1246 3.6 3.8Costa Rica d 40 175 295 279 333 2.7 2.6Croatia ... 191 460 536 622 2.4 2.4Ecuador 20 84 270 278 319 2.3 2.3Egypt 78 206 263 264 216 1.5 0.8European Union (27) e - 152035 201233 228152 223581 5.9 4.0 extra-EU (27) imports - 66800 88357 100940 99199 7.3 5.1Guatemala d 25 130 | 176 233 290 2.7 2.1Hong Kong, China 2278 18341 32184 36690 33112 8.6 8.9 retained imports ... ... ... ... ... ... ...India 237 1429 3444 4210 4208 2.8 1.9Indonesia 246 215 514 573 1017 0.5 1.1Iran, Islamic Rep. of f ... 155 538 491 530 1.1 1.2Israel 436 1717 1646 1693 1879 4.6 3.2Japan 5335 27551 27683 26382 23639 7.3 3.8Kazakhstan f - 68 197 232 401 1.3 1.2Korea, Republic of 1813 7711 7047 8028 8881 4.8 2.5Kuwait f ... 134 293 318 312 1.9 1.3Malaysia d 686 4450 9676 10207 10806 5.4 7.4Mexico b, d ... 5651 11238 11581 11267 3.2 4.0Morocco d 70 195 357 424 456 1.7 1.4New Zealand 446 734 1207 1171 1289 5.3 4.2Norway 1046 1710 2477 2612 2921 5.0 3.6Pakistan 47 204 291 319 280 1.9 0.9Paraguay 25 114 294 995 925 5.2 12.7Peru 47 278 352 430 466 3.7 2.3Philippines f 338 2522 4010 3892 4041 6.8 7.0Qatar 18 53 192 296 ... 1.6 1.8Russian Federation b, f - 1347 4275 4924 5761 3.0 2.6Saudi Arabia 225 381 1055 1391 1997 1.3 2.2Serbia ... ... ... 331 440 ... 2.4Serbia and Montenegro ... 67 279 ... ... 1.8 2.4Singapore 4352 16682 | 19630 19408 19714 12.4 7.5 retained imports f 3169 7883 | 8263 7981 7442 10.4 6.2South Africa b ... 1205 2596 2947 3108 4.5 3.9Switzerland 2823 4568 4605 4460 4596 5.5 2.9Taipei, Chinese 1574 10310 5457 5050 5194 7.4 2.4Thailand 1114 3821 5710 6387 7025 6.2 4.6Tunisia 58 135 241 357 397 1.6 2.1Turkey f 471 1591 2465 2812 3111 2.9 1.8Ukraine - 104 232 233 259 0.7 0.4United Arab Emirates f ... 1276 4679 5840 6422 3.6 4.9United States 27499 94193 100534 108520 110632 7.5 5.5Viet Nam ... 217 793 998 ... 1.4 2.2

a Or nearest year. b Imports are valued f.o.b. c Beginning 2000, imports are valued f.o.b. d Includes significant imports into processing zones. e See the Metadata for information on intra-EU (27) imports. f Includes Secretariat estimates.

Value

Imports of EDP and office equipment of selected economies, 1990-2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

Share in economy's total merchandise imports

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4.3.2. Telecommunications equipment

Table II.49

Value Share Value Share

2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007 2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

Region Region World 221561 100.0 10 27 -7 World 124749 100.0 8 11 7Europe 120161 54.2 7 38 -21 Asia 84186 67.5 11 9 2Asia 83654 37.8 19 19 14 North America 34759 27.9 4 25 21North America 13772 6.2 0 8 81 Europe 4508 3.6 1 -19 6Middle East 1186 0.5 -3 -63 -46 Middle East 823 0.7 -4 2 3CIS 530 0.2 33 66 121 South and Central America 433 0.3 -6 -26 -37Africa 525 0.2 15 17 22 Africa 29 0.0 12 50 21South and Central America 282 0.1 17 -27 -28 CIS 11 0.0 9 -17 120

Economy Economy European Union (27) 116600 52.6 7 41 -21 China 46767 37.5 24 23 9China 43504 19.6 32 31 21 Mexico 30806 24.7 10 30 25Korea, Republic of 14805 6.7 26 12 14 Korea, Republic of 8428 6.8 8 -13 15United States 11765 5.3 0 5 112 Japan 7818 6.3 -6 -13 -8Japan 8449 3.8 1 -7 -4 Malaysia 6890 5.5 4 -1 -34

Above 5 195123 88.1 - - - Above 5 100709 80.7 - - -Taipei, Chinese 6988 3.2 23 30 42 Taipei, Chinese 6620 5.3 12 39 13Malaysia 3885 1.8 8 18 15 European Union (27) 4206 3.4 0 -20 5Turkey 2556 1.2 17 1 -17 Canada 3953 3.2 -12 2 -6Thailand 2073 0.9 10 25 27 Thailand 3537 2.8 13 -9 -12Hong Kong, China 1855 0.8 17 2 -6 Singapore 1644 1.3 11 4 78Indonesia 1256 0.6 12 4 19 Indonesia 835 0.7 -3 -34 4Canada 1133 0.5 -4 10 -9 Israel 812 0.7 -5 -1 7Mexico 897 0.4 14 25 10 Hong Kong, China 682 0.5 14 -1 -1Israel 801 0.4 -6 19 -1 Philippines 483 0.4 1 26 18Singapore 789 0.4 -8 9 -52 Brazil 275 0.2 -11 -31 -50Switzerland 595 0.3 -4 -53 -50 Norway 254 0.2 23 25 26Norway 513 0.2 2 2 29 Viet Nam 206 0.2 164 179 90Philippines 477 0.2 5 14 5 India 168 0.1 29 82 -24Ukraine 439 0.2 41 69 222 Australia 79 0.1 1 11 52United Arab Emirates 305 0.1 26 -75 -77 Dominican Republic 70 0.1 111 -7 24

Above 20 219685 99.2 - - - Above 20 124534 99.8 - - -

Imports of telecommunications equipment of selected economies by origin, 2007

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

(Million dollars and percentage)

European Union (27) United States

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Table II.49 (continued)

Value Share Value Share

2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007 2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

Region Region World 35737 100.0 16 21 1 World 21885 100.0 7 -2 25Asia 30639 85.7 26 21 -1 Asia 18476 84.4 12 -4 22Europe 3129 8.8 -3 28 1 North America 2677 12.2 -4 12 52North America 1853 5.2 -3 11 46 Europe 672 3.1 -10 0 9Middle East 103 0.3 2 71 7 Middle East 56 0.3 7 -51 44South and Central America 9 0.0 37 -8 -63 CIS 3 0.0 ... 0 0Africa 2 0.0 -6 0 100 South and Central America 1 0.0 -45 -67 0CIS 2 0.0 -31 67 -60 Africa 0 0.0 ... ... ...

Economy Economy China 13393 37.5 43 41 -8 China 10623 48.5 21 -1 21Japan 5567 15.6 13 7 11 United States 2276 10.4 -6 17 47Korea, Republic of 5152 14.4 31 17 -16 Korea, Republic of 2252 10.3 11 19 15European Union (27) 3043 8.5 -4 29 0 Malaysia 1853 8.5 -1 -18 27Taipei, Chinese 1873 5.2 20 -12 30 Thailand 1606 7.3 9 0 21

Above 5 29028 81.2 - - - Above 5 18610 85.0 - - -United States 1422 4.0 -5 8 39 Taipei, Chinese 934 4.3 10 -21 51Malaysia 1223 3.4 20 10 17 European Union (27) 642 2.9 -10 1 8Hong Kong, China 921 2.6 8 -18 5 Philippines 485 2.2 5 -33 -15Thailand 891 2.5 43 14 40 Mexico 281 1.3 28 -10 80Philippines 773 2.2 51 68 16 Indonesia 256 1.2 -6 -22 3Singapore 413 1.2 11 -29 -17 Singapore 151 0.7 -11 13 183Indonesia 318 0.9 33 11 54 Viet Nam 148 0.7 33 75 94Mexico 286 0.8 70 61 109 Hong Kong, China 148 0.7 15 9 113Canada 144 0.4 -7 0 24 Canada 120 0.5 7 -23 119Israel 102 0.3 2 73 6 Israel 56 0.3 8 -50 44Viet Nam 60 0.2 53 77 251 Norway 21 0.1 10 4 60Switzerland 48 0.1 14 -28 30 Australia 11 0.1 -5 4 114Norway 38 0.1 17 -4 60 Switzerland 9 0.0 5 -19 24Australia 26 0.1 5 24 70 Bangladesh 8 0.0 44 37 6India 14 0.0 46 400 180 Russian Federation 3 0.0 ... 50 0

Above 20 35708 99.9 - - - Above 20 21882 100.0 - - -

a In 2007, China reported imports from China accounting for nearly 38 per cent of its telecommunications equipment imports. For further information, see the Metadata.

Imports of telecommunications equipment of selected economies by origin, 2007

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

(Million dollars and percentage)

China a Japan

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Table II.50

2007 2000 2007 2000-07 2005 2006 2007

Exporters European Union (27) 174.1 38.3 31.1 7 23 24 -13

extra-EU (27) exports 53.3 12.4 9.5 6 30 -9 4China a 146.3 6.8 26.1 33 38 30 18Hong Kong, China 54.7 6.8 9.8 16 14 10 18

domestic exports 1.0 0.2 0.2 9 156 18 849 re-exports 53.7 6.6 9.6 16 14 10 16

Korea, Republic of 40.2 5.0 7.2 16 3 -1 8Mexico a 39.8 6.7 7.1 11 22 33 24United States 38.6 11.5 6.9 2 9 13 12Japan 34.7 10.6 6.2 2 -6 0 3Singapore 17.7 2.9 3.2 11 8 15 -1

domestic exports b 6.4 1.3 1.1 8 10 40 -13 re-exports b 11.3 1.6 2.0 14 8 3 6

Malaysia a 13.2 4.5 2.4 0 7 7 -8Taipei, Chinese 11.6 2.3 2.1 8 14 -1 1Canada 8.6 4.0 1.5 -4 24 18 -1United Arab Emirates b 8.4 0.3 1.5 36 115 -25 14Thailand 6.3 1.4 1.1 7 0 10 -2Israel 4.0 1.5 0.7 -1 1 15 11Indonesia 2.7 1.2 0.5 -4 0 -4 -7Above 15 547.1 97.2 97.6 - - - -

Importers European Union (27) 221.6 38.8 37.7 10 21 27 -7

extra-EU (27) imports 105.0 14.3 17.9 14 23 9 18United States 124.7 24.0 21.2 8 18 11 7Hong Kong, China 48.3 6.9 8.2 13 12 13 12

retained imports ... ... ... ... ... ... ...China a, c 35.7 4.1 6.1 16 19 21 1Japan 21.9 4.5 3.7 7 12 -2 25Mexico a, d 21.6 3.1 3.7 13 24 43 14Singapore 15.8 2.3 2.7 13 8 25 -2

retained imports b 4.6 0.8 0.8 10 10 108 -19Canada d 14.2 3.4 2.4 5 9 14 12Russian Federation b, d 12.5 0.5 2.1 36 31 17 44India 9.9 0.2 1.7 46 39 28 30United Arab Emirates b 8.7 0.9 1.5 19 78 2 -7Australia d 8.5 1.6 1.4 8 6 15 11Korea, Republic of 8.2 1.9 1.4 5 5 13 9Brazil 5.1 1.0 0.9 8 34 30 16Malaysia a 4.9 1.1 0.8 5 3 6 8Above 15 e 513.5 87.6 87.4 - - - -

c In 2007, China reported imports of telecommunications equipment from China amounting to $13.4 billion. For further information, see the Metadata. d Imports are valued f.o.b. e Excludes retained imports of Hong Kong, China.

Leading exporters and importers of telecommunications equipment, 2007

a Includes significant shipments through processing zones

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Share in world exports/imports Value Annual percentage change

b Includes Secretariat estimates.

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Table II.51

1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2000 2007 a

World ... 287964 465392 548129 560370 4.6 4.1Argentina 3 52 51 90 116 0.2 0.2Australia 226 838 654 660 712 1.3 0.5Belarus - 59 99 46 43 0.8 0.2Brazil 442 1596 3069 3318 2434 2.9 1.5Canada 1642 11656 7354 8675 8577 4.2 2.0China b 2623 19508 94856 123615 146268 7.8 12.0Costa Rica b ... 9 184 138 43 0.2 0.5Croatia ... 73 109 124 121 1.7 1.0European Union (27) - 110302 161169 199462 174099 4.5 3.3 intra-EU (27) exports - 74592 104942 148275 120798 4.5 3.3 extra-EU (27) exports - 35710 56227 51187 53301 4.6 3.1Hong Kong, China 6806 19618 41868 46210 54719 9.7 15.7 domestic exports 2137 540 91 107 1013 2.3 5.6 re-exports 4669 19078 41777 46103 53707 10.6 16.2India 31 103 300 457 584 0.2 0.4Indonesia 105 3500 3026 2898 2702 5.4 2.3Israel 662 4256 3114 3581 3987 13.6 7.4Japan 28809 30516 33648 33633 34750 6.4 4.9Jordan 2 19 109 172 356 1.0 6.3Korea, Republic of 6273 14364 37746 37300 40234 8.3 10.8Macao, China ... 4 11 15 40 0.2 1.6Malaysia b 3209 12965 13412 14383 13190 13.2 7.5Mauritius b ... 1 268 266 88 0.0 3.9Mexico b ... 19221 24186 32145 39770 11.6 14.6Morocco b ... 24 30 31 47 0.3 0.3New Zealand 41 132 164 146 165 1.0 0.6Norway 295 652 883 920 1035 1.1 0.8Pakistan 2 5 74 90 76 0.1 0.4Philippines b, c 599 1267 970 942 946 3.2 1.9Russian Federation c - 137 248 418 385 0.1 0.1Saudi Arabia ... 20 61 78 114 0.0 0.0Singapore 6355 8266 | 15584 17968 17709 6.0 5.9 domestic exports c 3820 3770 | 5278 7376 6432 4.8 4.1 re-exports c 2535 4495 | 10306 10592 11276 7.6 7.9South Africa ... 243 320 360 490 0.8 0.7Switzerland 672 873 | 1568 1203 1103 1.1 0.6Taipei, Chinese 4996 6745 11563 11460 11595 4.5 4.9Thailand 1057 4007 5811 6386 6256 5.8 4.1Tunisia 21 28 74 202 171 0.5 1.1Turkey c 238 934 3119 3037 2531 3.4 2.4Uganda ... 0 16 55 89 0.0 5.5Ukraine - 68 95 205 533 0.5 1.1United Arab Emirates c ... 998 9780 7345 8387 2.0 4.8United States 9901 32980 30536 34562 38585 4.2 3.3Viet Nam ... 81 213 331 ... 0.6 0.8

a Or nearest year. b Includes significant exports from processing zones. c Includes Secretariat estimates.

Value

Exports of telecommunication equipment of selected economies, 1990-2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

Share in economy's total merchandise exports

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Table II.52

1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2000 2007 a

Algeria 131 298 1040 794 761 3.3 2.8Argentina 123 2092 2009 2436 2855 8.3 6.4Australia b 1383 4862 6648 7658 8474 6.8 5.4Bangladesh c, d 73 129 428 582 583 1.5 3.1Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela b 162 760 1757 3099 3830 5.2 9.1Brazil e 555 3071 3402 4428 5145 5.5 4.3Canada b 2972 10062 11136 12746 14237 4.2 3.7Chile 303 960 1301 1763 2045 5.2 4.3China f 2539 12413 29362 35534 35738 5.5 3.7Colombia 218 597 1987 2192 2319 5.2 7.1Costa Rica f 35 114 223 218 317 1.8 2.4Croatia ... 210 600 670 803 2.7 3.1Ecuador 32 110 779 630 599 2.9 4.4Egypt 132 350 582 568 869 2.5 3.2El Salvador f ... 207 212 304 447 4.2 5.2European Union (27) g - 116357 186782 237220 221561 4.5 4.0 extra-EU (27) imports - 42909 82081 89187 104961 4.7 5.4Guatemala f 34 283 | 434 569 540 5.9 4.0Hong Kong, China 6343 20742 38021 43154 48269 9.7 13.04 retained imports ... ... ... ... ... ... ...India 173 711 5938 7628 9923 1.4 4.6Indonesia 490 403 1402 1394 2306 0.9 2.5Iran, Islamic Rep. of d ... 256 1411 1831 1712 1.8 3.7Israel 304 1669 1575 1659 1981 4.4 3.4Japan 2620 13470 18003 17572 21888 3.5 3.5Jordan 39 131 518 557 832 2.9 6.2Kazakhstan d - 169 446 548 818 3.4 2.5Kenya 105 95 132 208 296 3.1 3.3Korea, Republic of 1368 5830 6695 7538 8241 3.6 2.3Macao, China 35 68 285 303 393 3.0 7.3Malaysia f 1246 3442 4296 4556 4913 4.2 3.3Mexico b, f ... 9398 13256 18891 21578 5.4 7.7Morocco f 127 727 684 673 902 6.3 2.8New Zealand 440 808 1136 1072 1260 5.8 4.1Norway 576 1425 2189 2618 3168 4.1 3.9Pakistan 183 158 1793 2124 1793 1.5 5.5Paraguay 293 107 227 576 755 4.9 10.4Peru 51 367 660 857 964 5.0 4.8Philippines d 686 1949 1320 1329 1458 5.3 2.5Russian Federation b, d - 1493 7456 8701 12536 3.3 5.6Saudi Arabia 578 811 2733 3275 3822 2.7 4.2Singapore 4551 6870 | 13010 16209 15845 5.1 6.0 retained imports d 2016 2374 | 2704 5617 4568 3.1 3.8South Africa b ... 1859 3289 3784 3818 6.9 4.8Sri Lanka d 30 155 225 317 357 2.2 3.2Switzerland 1597 2512 3772 3619 4172 3.0 2.6Taipei, Chinese 1744 4597 4648 4509 4281 3.3 2.0Thailand 994 1868 3887 4346 3754 3.0 2.5Turkey d 403 2993 2971 3391 4489 5.5 2.6Ukraine - 188 1032 1044 891 1.3 1.5United Arab Emirates d ... 2626 9271 9421 8723 7.5 6.6United States 22727 71769 105887 117054 124748 5.7 6.2Viet Nam ... 331 876 1355 ... 2.1 3.0

a Or nearest year. b Imports are valued f.o.b. c Figures refer to fiscal year. d Includes Secretariat estimates. e Beginning 2000, imports are valued f.o.b. f Includes significant imports into processing zones. g See the Metadata for information on intra-EU (27) imports.

Value

Imports of telecommunication equipment of selected economies , 1990-2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

Share in economy's total merchandise imports

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4.3.3. Integrated circuits and electronic components

Table II.53

Value Share Value Share

2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007 2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

Region Region World 70243 100.0 -1 1 -1 World 27203 100.0 -8 5 -3Europe 36529 52.0 0 0 -4 Asia 21617 79.5 -9 10 -3Asia 27553 39.2 4 5 5 Europe 3279 12.1 -2 1 12North America 5377 7.7 -7 12 -11 North America 1835 6.7 -10 -24 -14Africa 453 0.6 8 22 2 South and Central America 221 0.8 -2 -23 -17South and Central America 163 0.2 -10 -88 57 Middle East 143 0.5 -16 47 -64Middle East 121 0.2 2 -65 -10 Africa 98 0.4 -6 8 -5CIS 40 0.1 1 5 -9 CIS 10 0.0 -5 10 -9

Economy Economy European Union (27) 35797 51.0 0 -1 -3 Taipei, Chinese 4545 16.7 -2 19 2China 5917 8.4 39 51 36 Japan 3676 13.5 -12 16 3United States 5084 7.2 -7 13 -10 European Union (27) 3170 11.7 -2 3 13Japan 4897 7.0 -2 14 5 Malaysia 2910 10.7 -11 -7 -10Taipei, Chinese 3799 5.4 8 16 18 Korea, Republic of 2530 9.3 -15 -2 -16

Above 5 55494 79.0 - - - Above 5 16830 61.9 - - -Singapore 3483 5.0 0 10 -13 China 2395 8.8 17 21 7Malaysia 3101 4.4 0 -28 -9 Philippines 2172 8.0 -13 2 -12Korea, Republic of 2713 3.9 -1 -1 -3 Singapore 1746 6.4 -9 29 -10Philippines 2209 3.1 7 -14 -6 Thailand 1261 4.6 -2 39 34Thailand 679 1.0 3 16 -5 Canada 925 3.4 -11 -36 -12Switzerland 410 0.6 6 54 -45 Mexico 910 3.3 -10 -7 -16Hong Kong, China 355 0.5 -14 6 -20 Indonesia 208 0.8 -4 -9 22Morocco 253 0.4 0 9 5 Costa Rica 203 0.7 0 -25 -18Norway 188 0.3 27 99 13 Israel 143 0.5 -16 47 -64India 183 0.3 29 1 31 Switzerland 105 0.4 -5 -30 1Canada 152 0.2 -20 1 -18 Morocco 94 0.3 -6 9 -7Mexico 140 0.2 0 -3 -26 Hong Kong, China 87 0.3 -31 -34 -37Costa Rica 139 0.2 -9 -91 78 India 55 0.2 11 54 -8South Africa 129 0.2 52 25 29 New Zealand 16 0.1 13 8 6Croatia 117 0.2 86 110 26 Australia 11 0.0 3 -41 17

Above 20 69746 99.3 - - - Above 20 27163 99.9 - - -

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Imports of integrated circuits and electronic components of selected economies by origin, 2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

European Union (27) United States

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Table II.53 (continued)

Value Share Value Share

2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007 2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

Region Region World 145265 100.0 32 28 19 World 24266 100.0 3 16 -2Asia 129036 88.8 33 26 20 Asia 18627 76.8 6 15 1North America 8370 5.8 28 45 8 North America 4406 18.2 -4 20 -11Europe 4884 3.4 12 20 16 Europe 1001 4.1 0 21 -9South and Central America 2271 1.6 124 94 31 South and Central America 209 0.9 10 40 1Middle East 348 0.2 97 66 50 Africa 10 0.0 -3 117 -23Africa 323 0.2 39 30 13 Middle East 10 0.0 -15 50 67CIS 33 0.0 19 11 -20 CIS 3 0.0 ... 0 0

Economy Economy Taipei, Chinese 32048 22.1 36 30 18 Taipei, Chinese 6373 26.3 10 29 -8Korea, Republic of 23520 16.2 34 26 16 Korea, Republic of 4849 20.0 8 11 22Japan 18624 12.8 20 20 21 United States 4194 17.3 -4 18 -10Philippines 16049 11.0 57 40 37 China 2227 9.2 21 25 2Malaysia 14312 9.9 39 14 16 Philippines 1528 6.3 -1 -6 2

Above 5 104553 72.0 - - - Above 5 19171 79.0 - - -China 14189 9.8 60 54 24 Malaysia 1428 5.9 -5 3 -12United States 7220 5.0 26 48 7 Singapore 1274 5.2 -1 17 1European Union (27) 4748 3.3 11 20 16 European Union (27) 990 4.1 0 21 -10Singapore 4137 2.8 28 10 -12 Thailand 631 2.6 6 -16 -4Thailand 3205 2.2 29 19 23 Indonesia 214 0.9 -1 1 -2Hong Kong, China 2393 1.6 10 -24 66 Costa Rica 208 0.9 10 40 1Costa Rica 2264 1.6 126 95 32 Canada 184 0.8 12 69 -19Mexico 643 0.4 38 12 39 Hong Kong, China 54 0.2 -21 -32 -20Canada 507 0.3 36 36 5 Viet Nam 38 0.2 77 48 3Indonesia 415 0.3 35 39 35 Mexico 28 0.1 -26 6 -20Israel 348 0.2 103 72 51 Switzerland 11 0.0 6 -6 15Morocco 320 0.2 39 29 14 Morocco 10 0.0 -2 107 -12Switzerland 120 0.1 39 17 4 Israel 10 0.0 -15 53 59Australia 71 0.0 52 -29 246 India 4 0.0 0 100 0India 40 0.0 53 13 18 Australia 3 0.0 -1 80 43

Above 20 145173 99.9 - - - Above 20 24257 100.0 - - -

a In 2007, China reported imports from China accounting for nearly 10 per cent of its integrated circuits and electronic components imports. For further information, see the Metadata.

Imports of integrated circuits and electronic components of selected economies by origin, 2007

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

(Million dollars and percentage)

China a Japan

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Table II.54

2007 2000 2007 2000-07 2005 2006 2007

Exporters Singapore 69.9 11.2 16.9 11 11 26 3

domestic exports a 28.6 5.0 6.9 9 6 41 4 re-exports a 41.3 6.2 10.0 12 15 17 2

European Union (27) 63.0 19.1 15.2 1 0 1 0 extra-EU (27) exports 27.2 7.2 6.6 3 -4 4 5

United States 50.2 20.4 12.1 -3 -2 10 -5Hong Kong, China 46.8 4.6 11.3 19 16 24 24

domestic exports 0.4 0.8 0.1 -22 34 -47 -46 re-exports 46.3 3.7 11.2 22 16 28 25

Japan 44.5 13.8 10.8 1 -2 5 7Taipei, Chinese 41.9 7.1 10.1 10 12 30 7China b 35.0 1.7 8.5 31 26 43 20Korea, Republic of 32.7 8.0 7.9 4 12 4 15Malaysia b 28.1 6.1 6.8 6 1 7 10Philippines a, b 17.9 5.4 4.3 1 -2 13 5Thailand 9.2 1.9 2.2 7 3 27 11Canada 2.3 1.1 0.6 -6 26 -17 6Mexico b 1.8 1.0 0.4 -7 -11 -3 -17Israel a 1.5 0.6 0.4 -2 1 17 1Costa Rica b 1.4 0.0 0.3 61 203 51 17Above 15 399.9 98.1 96.7 - - - -

Importers China b, c 145.1 6.4 29.1 32 28 28 19European Union (27) 70.2 22.9 14.1 -1 -2 1 -1

extra-EU (27) imports 34.4 11.9 6.9 -2 -8 4 1Hong Kong, China 60.6 6.2 12.1 17 14 19 22

retained imports 14.3 2.7 2.9 7 12 -1 13Singapore 51.7 9.3 10.4 8 12 19 4

retained imports a 10.4 3.5 2.1 -2 1 27 13Malaysia b 32.5 7.5 6.5 4 5 12 4Taipei, Chinese 30.9 7.2 6.2 4 7 12 -3Korea, Republic of 28.4 6.2 5.7 5 4 4 15United States 26.7 15.1 5.3 -8 -4 5 -5Japan 24.2 6.0 4.8 3 1 16 -2Philippines a, d 20.2 3.3 4.1 10 4 9 12Mexico b, d 11.1 4.3 2.2 -3 -2 3 -7Thailand 11.1 2.5 2.2 4 5 6 9Canada d 3.8 2.5 0.8 -10 15 -5 -7Brazil 3.7 0.8 0.7 5 20 16 -4Costa Rica b 1.6 0.2 0.3 13 32 19 -12Above 15 475.5 97.0 95.3 - - - -

d Imports are valued f.o.b.

Leading exporters and importers of integrated circuits and electronic components, 2007

a Includes Secretariat estimates.

c In 2007, China reported imports of integrated circuits and electronic components from China amounting to $14.2 billion. For further information, see the Metadata.

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Share in world exports/imports Value Annual percentage change

b Includes significant shipments through processing zones

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Table II.55

1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2000 2007 a

World ... 308432 345118 391461 413468 4.9 3.0Australia 20 132 232 236 270 0.2 0.2Belarus - 33 36 37 47 0.4 0.2Brazil 79 231 171 160 78 0.4 0.0Canada 1271 3459 2608 2165 2291 1.3 0.5China b 128 5352 20413 29209 34965 2.1 2.9Costa Rica b ... 51 813 1231 1445 0.9 15.4Croatia ... 3 51 74 116 0.1 0.9European Union (27) - 58793 62443 62998 62954 2.4 1.2 intra-EU (27) exports - 36440 37538 37130 35797 2.2 1.0 extra-EU (27) exports - 22353 24905 25868 27157 2.8 1.6Hong Kong, China 2562 14046 30590 37881 46787 6.9 13.4 domestic exports 550 2520 1522 809 440 10.7 2.4 re-exports 2012 11525 29068 37072 46348 6.4 14.0India 39 72 195 224 299 0.2 0.2Indonesia 18 739 1025 704 791 1.1 0.7Israel c 143 1782 1288 1509 1525 5.7 2.8Japan 13391 42454 39885 41725 44548 8.9 6.3Korea, Republic of 5364 24688 27488 28486 32736 14.3 8.8Malaysia b 4321 18729 23759 25509 28091 19.1 15.9Mexico b ... 3064 2233 2158 1801 1.8 0.7Morocco b 110 480 626 732 754 6.5 5.1New Zealand 1 17 58 73 94 0.1 0.3Norway 11 30 122 205 277 0.1 0.2Philippines b, c 1053 16663 15005 16973 17866 41.9 35.4Russian Federation c - 97 119 157 180 0.1 0.1Singapore 3675 34436 | 53866 67861 69934 25.0 23.4 domestic exports c 2844 15433 | 19380 27418 28601 19.6 18.3 re-exports c 830 19003 | 34486 40442 41333 32.2 28.9South Africa ... 25 130 134 136 0.1 0.2Switzerland 231 677 | 830 829 759 0.8 0.4Taipei, Chinese 2435 21767 30086 39213 41922 14.7 17.9Thailand 901 5877 6538 8311 9238 8.5 6.0Tunisia 0 19 54 74 65 0.3 0.4Turkey c 1 11 25 32 29 0.0 0.0Ukraine - 10 23 29 26 0.1 0.1United Arab Emirates c ... 21 430 251 278 0.0 0.2United States 13991 62824 48240 53044 50157 8.0 4.3Viet Nam ... 85 242 202 ... 0.6 0.5

a Or nearest year. b Includes significant exports from processing zones. c Includes Secretariat estimates.

Value

Exports of integrated circuits and electronic components of selected economies, 1990-2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

Share in economy's total merchandise exports

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Table II.56

1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2000 2007 a

Algeria 27 34 88 89 46 0.4 0.2Argentina 62 194 287 307 320 0.8 0.7Australia b 263 867 863 832 881 1.2 0.6Belarus - 45 91 79 85 0.5 0.3Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela b 14 41 42 72 117 0.3 0.3Brazil c 490 2568 3356 3894 3733 4.6 3.1Canada b 2333 8314 4369 4144 3837 3.5 1.0Chile 9 67 121 142 75 0.4 0.2China d 747 21156 95316 121722 145083 9.4 15.2Colombia 24 31 89 77 50 0.3 0.2Costa Rica d 10 688 1560 1864 1643 10.8 12.7Croatia ... 17 68 83 113 0.2 0.4Egypt 16 36 42 27 79 0.3 0.3European Union (27) e - 75316 70162 71071 70243 2.9 1.3 extra-EU (27) imports - 39219 32698 34087 34446 4.3 1.8Hong Kong, China 3705 20286 41913 49746 60631 9 16 retained imports ... ... ... ... ... ... ...India 251 523 968 1136 1289 1.0 0.6Indonesia 156 87 172 184 199 0.2 0.2Iran, Islamic Rep. of f ... 120 261 270 179 0.9 0.4Israel 198 1508 1119 1142 998 4.0 1.7Japan 3319 19846 21269 24703 24153 5.2 3.9Korea, Republic of 4560 20470 23871 24713 28415 12.8 8.0Malaysia d 3812 24513 27921 31299 32480 29.9 22.1Mexico b, d ... 13961 11565 11946 11082 8.0 3.9Morocco d 109 291 391 376 469 2.5 1.5New Zealand 20 75 124 114 122 0.5 0.4Norway 110 216 227 257 286 0.6 0.4Pakistan 6 9 66 86 52 0.1 0.2Philippines f 1021 10678 16652 18079 20246 28.8 34.9Russian Federation b, f - 161 797 674 590 0.4 0.3Saudi Arabia 8 51 70 124 204 0.2 0.2Singapore 4489 30556 | 41725 49646 51693 22.7 19.6 retained imports f 3659 11553 | 7238 9203 10360 15.3 8.6South Africa b ... 301 305 381 423 1.1 0.5Switzerland 377 965 865 891 987 1.2 0.6Taipei, Chinese 4119 23740 28510 31918 30863 17.0 14.1Thailand 1313 8366 9521 10130 11061 13.5 7.2Tunisia 27 35 73 121 147 0.4 0.8Turkey f 361 937 1541 1743 1509 1.7 0.9Ukraine - 36 158 160 239 0.3 0.4United Arab Emirates f ... 100 502 300 258 0.3 0.2United States 13139 49581 26721 28128 26694 3.9 1.3Viet Nam ... 490 660 637 ... 3.1 1.4

a Or nearest year. b Imports are valued f.o.b. c Beginning 2000, imports are valued f.o.b. d Includes significant imports into processing zones. e See the Metadata for information on intra-EU (27) imports. f Includes Secretariat estimates.

Value

Imports of integrated circuits and electronic components of selected economies, 1990-2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

Share in economy's total merchandise imports

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4.4. Automotive products

Table II.57

2007 2000 2007 2000 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

World 1182.9 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 11 11 16Europe

World 654.5 100.0 100.0 50.3 55.3 12 9 18Europe 511.8 80.0 78.2 40.2 43.3 12 9 19North America 53.9 10.3 8.2 5.2 4.6 9 3 2Asia 31.5 4.3 4.8 2.2 2.7 14 16 24Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 22.6 0.7 3.5 0.3 1.9 42 71 60Africa 14.7 1.9 2.3 0.9 1.2 15 13 12Middle East 10.9 1.5 1.7 0.8 0.9 14 -9 21South and Central America 7.2 1.3 1.1 0.6 0.6 10 17 31

Asia World 264.6 100.0 100.0 19.9 22.4 13 15 18North America 88.5 49.5 33.5 9.8 7.5 7 17 2Asia 58.2 19.1 22.0 3.8 4.9 15 2 21Europe 48.4 18.5 18.3 3.7 4.1 13 10 16Middle East 24.6 6.0 9.3 1.2 2.1 20 19 40Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 18.2 0.4 6.9 0.1 1.5 72 71 78South and Central America 13.7 3.9 5.2 0.8 1.2 17 34 45Africa 12.7 2.5 4.8 0.5 1.1 24 32 31Japan

World 158.6 100.0 100.0 15.3 13.4 9 13 14North America 65.6 54.5 41.3 8.3 5.5 5 18 1Asia 30.2 17.1 19.0 2.6 2.6 10 -1 19Europe 27.5 17.4 17.3 2.7 2.3 9 5 19Middle East 13.5 5.1 8.5 0.8 1.1 17 12 41Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 9.3 0.2 5.9 0.0 0.8 73 72 53South and Central America 6.6 3.5 4.1 0.5 0.6 11 20 30Africa 6.0 2.1 3.8 0.3 0.5 18 26 26

Other economies in Asia World 106.0 100.0 100.0 4.6 9.0 22 18 25Asia 28.0 25.8 26.5 1.2 2.4 22 5 22North America 23.0 32.9 21.7 1.5 1.9 15 12 6Europe 20.9 22.4 19.7 1.0 1.8 20 19 12Middle East 11.1 8.7 10.5 0.4 0.9 25 29 37Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 8.9 0.8 8.4 0.0 0.8 72 68 114South and Central America 7.1 5.4 6.7 0.2 0.6 26 56 63Africa 6.7 3.7 6.4 0.2 0.6 32 38 37

North America World 219.9 100.0 100.0 27.5 18.6 5 9 8North America 170.7 88.6 77.6 24.4 14.4 3 6 3Europe 20.9 4.9 9.5 1.3 1.8 15 23 33Asia 9.4 3.6 4.3 1.0 0.8 8 16 22South and Central America 8.2 1.7 3.7 0.5 0.7 17 38 33Middle East 6.3 0.9 2.9 0.3 0.5 23 9 7Africa 2.7 0.3 1.2 0.1 0.2 30 17 64Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 1.9 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.2 60 45 90

Exports of automotive products of selected regions and economies by destination, 2007

Annual percentage change

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Value Share in region/economy's

exports Share in world exports

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Table II.58

Value Share Value S Share

2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007 2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

Region Region World 68456 100.0 5 9 6 World 220770 100.0 4 7 0North America 55143 80.6 4 7 6 North America 99824 45.2 2 5 0Asia 8887 13.0 11 21 7 Asia 75229 34.1 5 14 0Europe 4079 6.0 13 21 7 Europe 43750 19.8 6 0 1South and Central America 337 0.5 17 1 16 South and Central America 1334 0.6 5 4 -33Africa 6 0.0 -8 -44 -33 Africa 563 0.3 20 70 8Middle East 4 0.0 10 0 -20 Middle East 65 0.0 12 24 5CIS 0 0.0 ... -100 ... CIS 5 0.0 8 0 67

Economy Economy United States 50730 74.1 4 9 6 Canada 62806 28.4 1 -2 -1Japan 6203 9.1 8 26 7 Japan 56538 25.6 3 16 -1European Union (27) 4057 5.9 13 22 7 European Union (27) 43492 19.7 6 0 1Mexico 4057 5.9 6 16 13 Mexico 37018 16.8 4 21 3Korea, Republic of 1555 2.3 17 4 6 Korea, Republic of 11006 5.0 10 6 -2

Above 5 66602 97.3 - - - Above 5 210860 95.5 - - -China 799 1.2 44 28 7 China 4640 2.1 34 32 31Canada 347 0.5 ... 29 12 Taipei, Chinese 1712 0.8 9 2 9Brazil 309 0.5 16 3 23 Brazil 1020 0.5 6 3 -36Taipei, Chinese 149 0.2 10 -5 6 South Africa 559 0.3 20 71 9Australia 36 0.1 15 -12 66 India 452 0.2 20 21 18India 35 0.1 26 16 21 Thailand 290 0.1 20 38 18Thailand 27 0.0 38 3 28 Switzerland 143 0.1 2 -12 16Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 12 0.0 26 -19 -44 Australia 135 0.1 -16 -14 -63Malaysia 11 0.0 26 89 76 Indonesia 129 0.1 13 71 -10Viet Nam 11 0.0 253 19 63 Philippines 103 0.0 10 34 5Switzerland 10 0.0 -9 -16 -11 Argentina 96 0.0 14 18 -16Turkey 8 0.0 27 21 1 Turkey 85 0.0 16 15 -11Argentina 7 0.0 25 -33 12 Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 71 0.0 -14 -9 -55South Africa 6 0.0 -8 -50 -25 Singapore 66 0.0 0 -12 -2Honduras 4 0.0 6 -28 -1 Malaysia 60 0.0 17 11 1Indonesia 4 0.0 23 20 -14 Israel 58 0.0 12 22 9Singapore 3 0.0 -12 58 -26 Hong Kong, China 47 0.0 4 16 -31Hong Kong, China 3 0.0 7 33 -2 Honduras 40 0.0 18 30 60Norway 3 0.0 14 85 60 Viet Nam 38 0.0 131 37 57Sri Lanka 3 0.0 199 27 67 Dominican Republic 32 0.0 21 14 -18Israel 3 0.0 2 -12 -27 Chile 30 0.0 26 -26 195Chile 2 0.0 32 490 -4 Norway 30 0.0 -2 83 -44Costa Rica 1 0.0 47 77 170 Costa Rica 23 0.0 35 103 9Dominican Republic 1 0.0 145 -6 1 Pakistan 8 0.0 28 116 113Philippines 1 0.0 16 3 -68 Colombia 7 0.0 19 12 16United Arab Emirates 1 0.0 ... 70 50 Uruguay 6 0.0 15 1053 -28New Zealand 1 0.0 3 100 2 United Arab Emirates 6 0.0 23 54 -30Colombia 0 0.0 52 94 -35 New Zealand 5 0.0 -30 -92 -12Georgia 0 0.0 48 -83 1046 Russian Federation 4 0.0 22 100 100Uruguay 0 0.0 98 ... ... Jamaica 1 0.0 84 4 32

Above 35 68399 99.9 - - - Above 35 220756 100.0 - - -

Imports of automotive products of selected economies by origin, 2007

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

(Million dollars and percentage)

Canada a United States

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Table II.58 (continued)

Value Share Value Share

2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007 2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

Region Region World 31632 100.0 6 13 6 World 543100 100.0 12 10 18North America 20007 63.2 3 11 5 Europe 481731 88.7 12 9 19Asia 4710 14.9 22 47 18 Asia 40945 7.5 10 12 12Europe 4143 13.1 9 8 10 North America 15944 2.9 14 36 27South and Central America 2750 8.7 15 -2 -7 South and Central America 2020 0.4 12 17 7Africa 15 0.0 ... 133 7 Africa 1845 0.3 12 17 8CIS 3 0.0 ... 200 0 CIS 293 0.1 9 15 5Middle East 2 0.0 ... 0 -50 Middle East 250 0.0 19 32 61

Economy Economy United States 18117 57.3 2 11 6 European Union (27) 466252 85.9 12 9 18European Union (27) 4071 12.9 9 8 11 Japan 23620 4.3 6 8 9Japan 3178 10.0 17 44 12 Turkey 12873 2.4 40 27 32Brazil 1803 5.7 11 -2 -20 United States 12278 2.3 12 32 22Canada 1760 5.6 8 14 -6 Korea, Republic of 10557 1.9 16 17 7

Above 5 28929 91.5 - - - Above 5 525579 96.8 - - -Korea, Republic of 573 1.8 35 114 16 Mexico 3152 0.6 21 70 56Argentina 537 1.7 42 1 -1 China 2427 0.4 45 50 58China 513 1.6 89 52 56 Thailand 1731 0.3 14 11 30Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 213 0.7 103 26 164 Brazil 1620 0.3 11 15 4India 174 0.6 62 11 15 Switzerland 1426 0.3 11 8 25Taipei, Chinese 140 0.4 18 28 27 South Africa 1344 0.2 11 17 -2Chile 129 0.4 0 -70 594 India 1210 0.2 29 10 38Turkey 37 0.1 30 -20 -39 Norway 833 0.2 9 6 19Thailand 31 0.1 64 286 31 Taipei, Chinese 759 0.1 18 -3 27Switzerland 20 0.1 1 9 -16 Canada 515 0.1 8 11 8Indonesia 17 0.1 67 159 567 Argentina 365 0.1 12 35 19South Africa 15 0.0 ... 133 7 Tunisia 288 0.1 21 1 28Costa Rica 12 0.0 96 175 143 Russian Federation 177 0.0 6 22 1Philippines 9 0.0 44 27 18 Morocco 153 0.0 28 57 107Malaysia 7 0.0 16 -58 -42 Croatia 151 0.0 29 1 42Hong Kong, China 6 0.0 56 -8 183 Malaysia 143 0.0 8 47 33Australia 6 0.0 -3 -49 -13 Australia 135 0.0 7 45 -26Honduras 4 0.0 ... 70 -14 Indonesia 107 0.0 30 -8 3Singapore 4 0.0 23 79 48 Philippines 98 0.0 23 -6 108Russian Federation 3 0.0 ... 200 0 Saudi Arabia 76 0.0 28 90 104Israel 2 0.0 67 6 -43 Belarus 73 0.0 15 6 3Korea, Dem. People's Rep. of 2 0.0 14 -63 529 Israel 64 0.0 14 60 15Colombia 2 0.0 5 -59 -32 Bosnia and Herzegovina 57 0.0 35 22 24Viet Nam 1 0.0 ... -60 335 Singapore 55 0.0 23 10 39Norway 1 0.0 23 28 35 Egypt 47 0.0 63 96 36

United Arab Emirates 44 0.0 15 31 46Gibraltar 44 0.0 24 4 9Hong Kong, China 39 0.0 20 34 70Ukraine 39 0.0 16 16 37Serbia 37 0.0 ... 95 48Iran, Islamic Rep. of 34 0.0 38 26 256Iceland 25 0.0 36 -6 73Viet Nam 22 0.0 51 -8 207New Zealand 17 0.0 13 -22 29Bahrain 14 0.0 8 -66 96

Above 30 31386 99.2 - - - Above 40 542901 100.0 - - -

a Imports are valued f.o.b.

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Imports of automotive products of selected economies by origin, 2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

Mexico European Union (27)

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Table II.59

2007 1980 1990 2000 2007 2000-07 2005 2006 2007

Exporters European Union (27) 635.5 - - 49.8 53.7 12 3 9 18

extra-EU (27) exports 169.3 - - 12.3 14.3 13 6 11 18Japan 158.8 19.8 20.8 15.3 13.4 9 6 13 14United States 108.8 11.9 10.2 11.7 9.2 7 13 11 14Canada 65.8 6.9 8.9 10.5 5.6 1 5 -1 -1Korea, Republic of 49.5 0.1 0.7 2.6 4.2 18 17 14 15Mexico a 45.3 0.3 1.4 5.3 3.8 6 11 20 6China a 23.0 0.0 0.1 0.3 1.9 47 59 45 60Turkey b 15.7 0.0 0.0 0.3 1.3 40 16 25 33Brazil 13.5 1.1 0.6 0.8 1.1 16 38 9 4Thailand 12.7 0.0 0.0 0.4 1.1 27 44 24 28United Arab Emirates b 7.8 ... 0.0 0.2 0.7 32 9 30 36Argentina 5.5 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.5 15 39 37 32South Africa 5.4 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.5 18 18 14 8Taipei, Chinese 4.1 ... 0.3 0.4 0.3 9 2 1 6Russian Federation b 3.7 - - 0.2 0.3 21 17 30 24Above 15 1155.0 - - 98.4 97.6 - - - -

Importers European Union (27) 543.1 - - 41.3 45.6 12 3 10 18

extra-EU (27) imports 76.8 - - 5.4 6.4 13 4 18 18United States 220.8 20.3 24.7 28.7 18.5 4 4 7 0Canada c 66.8 8.7 7.7 7.8 5.6 5 9 9 6Russian Federation b, c 32.9 - - 0.4 2.8 46 36 64 65Mexico a, c 30.1 1.8 0.3 3.4 2.5 6 16 13 6China a 24.0 0.6 0.6 0.6 2.0 30 -6 37 29Australia c 19.6 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.6 13 14 3 25Japan 15.4 0.5 2.3 1.7 1.3 6 3 6 11Turkey b 12.6 ... 0.4 1.0 1.1 12 4 -7 13South Africa b, c 12.2 ... ... 0.4 1.0 26 30 15 15Saudi Arabia 12.0 2.7 0.9 0.6 1.0 18 35 6 15Switzerland 10.0 1.8 1.9 1.0 0.8 7 2 4 15United Arab Emirates b 8.7 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.7 20 7 20 11Brazil 8.6 0.3 0.2 0.7 0.7 11 32 27 43Ukraine 8.0 - - 0.1 0.7 51 34 61 60Above 15 1024.8 - - 89.7 86.0 - - - -

a Includes significant shipments through processing zones b Includes Secretariat estimates. c Imports are valued f.o.b.

Leading exporters and importers of automotive products, 2007

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Share in world exports/imports Value Annual percentage change

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Table II.60

1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2000 2007 a

World 318959 | 576510 919566 1018619 1182867 9.2 8.7Argentina 200 2108 3047 4166 5479 8.0 9.8Australia 726 2151 3525 3267 3697 3.4 2.6Belarus - 740 1176 1466 2003 10.1 8.2Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 73 223 340 456 293 0.7 0.4Brazil 2034 4683 11983 13038 13519 8.5 8.4Canada 28442 60656 66856 66339 65833 21.9 15.7Chile 18 203 178 184 346 1.1 0.5China b 258 1581 9957 14411 23029 0.6 1.9Colombia 6 226 645 744 1130 1.7 3.8Côte d'Ivoire ... 11 188 174 185 0.3 2.2Croatia ... 45 161 145 209 1.0 1.7Ecuador 1 60 137 345 243 1.2 1.8European Union (27) - 287180 493393 538352 635537 11.7 11.9 intra-EU (27) exports - 216416 363147 394319 466252 13.0 12.9 extra-EU (27) exports - 70764 130246 144033 169285 9.0 10.0Hong Kong, China 354 764 1549 1290 1459 0.4 0.4 domestic exports 27 23 9 14 24 0.1 0.1 re-exports 328 741 1540 1276 1435 0.4 0.4India 198 581 2622 2997 3429 1.4 2.4Indonesia 22 369 1340 1590 2150 0.6 1.8Iran, Islamic Rep. of c ... 61 145 229 687 0.2 0.8Israel 31 31 130 125 319 0.1 0.6Japan 66195 88082 122903 139161 158762 18.4 22.3Jordan 19 62 110 114 142 3.3 2.5Korea, Republic of 2301 15194 37748 43059 49484 8.8 13.3Malaysia b 121 307 725 920 1122 0.3 0.6Mexico b 4383 30655 35424 42630 45256 18.4 16.6Morocco b 28 24 75 115 175 0.3 1.2Norway 305 459 698 762 907 0.8 0.7Philippines b 23 583 1538 1543 1784 1.5 3.5Qatar 32 32 127 121 ... 0.3 0.4Russian Federation c - 959 2310 3000 3711 0.9 1.0Saudi Arabia 229 59 694 1032 1288 0.1 0.6Singapore 348 678 | 2310 2396 2864 0.5 1.0 domestic exports c 82 90 | 273 262 264 0.1 0.2 re-exports c 266 588 | 2037 2135 2600 1.0 1.8South Africa 249 1708 4352 4970 5369 5.7 7.7Switzerland 591 772 | 1444 1623 2001 1.0 1.2Taipei, Chinese 829 2221 3820 3868 4103 1.5 1.7Thailand 108 2417 7983 9891 12669 3.5 8.3Tunisia 30 63 280 335 352 1.1 2.3Turkey c 153 1517 9370 11730 15654 5.5 14.6Ukraine - 145 308 548 933 1.0 1.9United Arab Emirates c 1 1144 4428 5737 7796 2.3 4.5United States 32547 67195 85993 95344 108805 8.6 9.4Viet Nam ... 8 161 303 ... 0.1 0.8

a Or nearest year. b Includes significant exports from processing zones. c Includes Secretariat estimates.

Value

Exports of automotive products of selected economies, 1990-2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

Share in economy's total merchandise exports

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Table II.61

1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2000 2007 a

Algeria 658 615 2244 2315 3453 6.7 12.5Argentina 183 2805 4355 5514 7160 11.2 16.0Australia b 3794 8550 15186 15690 19563 12.0 12.6Bahrain 152 214 737 623 896 4.6 7.8Bangladesh c, d 77 191 749 833 928 2.2 5.0Belarus - 297 494 911 1339 3.4 4.7Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 426 1451 3059 4666 7238 9.9 17.3Brazil e 532 4154 4733 6007 8604 7.4 7.1Canada b 24640 46276 57618 62912 66768 19.3 17.6Chile 579 1507 3193 3354 4122 8.1 8.7China f 1796 3798 13545 18580 24029 1.7 2.5Colombia 416 590 1906 2879 3868 5.1 11.8Croatia ... 831 1615 1876 2279 10.5 8.8Ecuador 157 184 1153 1347 1302 4.9 9.6Egypt 416 514 826 924 1089 3.7 4.0Ethiopia 114 141 343 701 593 11.2 11.0European Union (27) g - 245244 418041 458969 543100 9.5 9.7 extra-EU (27) imports - 32091 54946 64983 76848 3.5 3.9Ghana d ... 331 881 780 ... 11.1 12.0Guatemala 117 481 | 779 874 924 10.0 6.8Hong Kong, China 994 2195 2429 2394 2796 1.0 0.8 retained imports 666 1455 889 1118 1361 4.2 3.5India 260 431 1234 1478 2196 0.8 1.0Indonesia 1523 1870 3140 2481 2909 4.3 3.1Iran, Islamic Rep. of d ... 770 1596 3036 4329 5.5 9.4Israel 871 2298 2374 2563 3339 6.1 5.7Japan 7327 9957 13169 13897 15358 2.6 2.5Jordan 108 519 856 1001 977 11.3 7.2Kazakhstan d - 435 1557 2537 2753 8.6 8.4Kenya 255 156 368 575 726 5.0 8.1Korea, Republic of 929 1773 4096 5210 6684 1.1 1.9Kuwait d 453 1141 2904 2576 3080 15.9 13.0Lebanon b, d ... 535 864 944 1096 8.6 8.9Malaysia f 1312 1833 3395 3221 3223 2.2 2.2Mexico b, f 933 20003 25151 28386 30094 11.5 10.7Morocco f 317 471 1176 1415 2080 4.1 6.6New Zealand 1012 1480 3449 2787 3431 10.6 11.1Norway 1419 2597 5247 5953 7413 7.6 9.2Oman 429 1109 2061 2723 ... 21.6 24.7Pakistan 390 324 1297 1544 1214 3.0 3.7Panama 111 332 419 517 773 9.8 11.2Peru 176 510 618 937 1432 6.9 7.1Philippines b, d 537 974 1025 1142 1652 2.6 2.8Qatar 202 409 1365 1027 ... 12.6 6.2Russian Federation b, d - 2381 12199 20012 32934 5.3 14.7Saudi Arabia 2839 3815 9843 10437 12024 12.6 13.3Singapore 1418 2417 | 3620 3698 4025 1.8 1.5 retained imports d 1152 1829 | 1583 1563 1425 2.4 1.2South Africa b, d ... 2401 9267 10616 12245 9.0 15.3Sudan ... 155 891 1189 ... 10.0 14.7Switzerland 6048 6222 8323 8664 9969 7.5 6.2Syrian Arab Republic 75 184 | 780 1018 ... 4.8 8.9Taipei, Chinese 2565 2676 3660 3058 2891 1.9 1.3Thailand 2651 2084 4322 4231 4793 3.4 3.1Tunisia 306 595 884 1015 1243 6.9 6.5Turkey d 1177 5831 11973 11145 12642 10.7 7.4Ukraine - 446 3112 4996 8007 3.2 13.2United Arab Emirates d 964 2384 6502 7825 8688 6.8 6.6United States 79320 170195 205445 220221 220770 13.5 10.9Viet Nam ... 294 1177 837 ... 1.9 1.9

a Or nearest year. b Imports are valued f.o.b. c Figures refer to fiscal year. d Includes Secretariat estimates. e Beginning 2000, imports are valued f.o.b. f Includes significant imports into processing zones. g See the Metadata for information on intra-EU (27) imports.

Value

Imports of automotive products of selected economies, 1990-2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

Share in economy's total merchandise imports

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4.5. Textiles

Table II.62

2007 2000 2007 2000 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

World 238.1 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 6 8 9Asia . . . . . . . .

World 113.8 100.0 100.0 44.0 47.8 7 10 9Asia 51.6 57.0 45.3 25.1 21.7 4 7 5Europe 21.1 14.2 18.5 6.2 8.9 12 11 16North America 17.4 13.2 15.3 5.8 7.3 10 9 0Middle East 7.4 6.3 6.5 2.8 3.1 8 4 9Africa 7.3 4.0 6.4 1.8 3.1 15 19 18South and Central America 5.8 4.5 5.1 2.0 2.4 9 26 28Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 3.2 0.8 2.8 0.3 1.4 29 19 35China . . . . . . . .

World 55.9 100.0 100.0 10.3 23.5 19 19 15Asia 21.4 54.8 38.2 5.6 9.0 13 17 11Europe 10.5 15.6 18.7 1.6 4.4 23 19 21North America 9.9 15.0 17.7 1.5 4.2 22 16 6Africa 4.8 5.3 8.5 0.5 2.0 28 30 21Middle East 3.5 4.1 6.3 0.4 1.5 27 14 12South and Central America 3.2 3.9 5.6 0.4 1.3 26 33 37Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 2.8 1.3 5.0 0.1 1.2 45 21 36

Other economies in Asia . . . . . . . . World 57.9 100.0 100.0 33.7 24.3 1 3 3Asia 30.2 57.6 52.2 19.4 12.7 0 2 1Europe 10.6 13.7 18.3 4.6 4.5 6 4 11North America 7.6 12.6 13.0 4.2 3.2 2 3 -7Middle East 3.9 7.0 6.7 2.4 1.6 1 -3 7South and Central America 2.6 4.7 4.5 1.6 1.1 1 21 17Africa 2.5 3.6 4.4 1.2 1.1 4 5 13Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.2 4 8 25

Europe . . . . . . . . World 92.7 100.0 100.0 39.7 38.9 6 5 11Europe 69.3 77.3 74.8 30.7 29.1 5 5 10Asia 5.7 5.8 6.1 2.3 2.4 7 7 8Africa 5.2 5.4 5.6 2.2 2.2 6 6 16North America 4.7 6.3 5.0 2.5 2.0 3 0 1Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 4.0 1.8 4.3 0.7 1.7 20 22 17Middle East 1.8 1.9 2.0 0.8 0.8 6 -2 16South and Central America 0.7 1.0 0.8 0.4 0.3 3 14 19

North America . . . . . . . . World 16.9 100.0 100.0 10.0 7.1 1 1 -2North America 9.9 69.0 58.7 6.9 4.2 -1 -1 -5South and Central America 3.4 10.2 20.2 1.0 1.4 11 2 5Asia 1.8 9.3 10.6 0.9 0.8 3 12 0Europe 1.5 9.9 8.8 1.0 0.6 -1 6 4Middle East 0.1 1.0 0.9 0.1 0.1 -1 -5 1Africa 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.0 1 14 0Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.0 0.0 12 -3 -3

Textile exports of selected regions and economies by destination, 2007

Annual percentage change

(Billion dollars and percentage)

ValueShare in region/economy's

exports Share in world exports

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Table II.63

Value Share Value S Share

2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007 2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

Region Region World 4572 100.0 1 2 2 World 24089 100.0 6 4 3North America 2537 55.5 -1 0 -3 Asia 14948 62.1 9 9 4Asia 1421 31.1 7 11 11 Europe 4011 16.7 2 -3 3Europe 502 11.0 3 -1 6 North America 3595 14.9 0 -3 -3South and Central America 48 1.1 -1 -32 23 South and Central America 674 2.8 7 -5 6Middle East 41 0.9 6 0 0 Middle East 576 2.4 5 -3 3Africa 21 0.5 8 7 40 Africa 229 1.0 5 9 -7CIS 2 0.0 10 50 -33 CIS 56 0.2 -6 -34 47

Economy Economy United States 2375 51.9 -2 2 -3 China 7661 31.8 22 15 10China 793 17.3 18 18 17 European Union (27) 3263 13.5 2 -2 4European Union (27) 432 9.4 2 0 6 India 2348 9.7 10 11 3India 197 4.3 8 8 8 Canada 1842 7.6 -1 -5 -6Mexico 141 3.1 7 13 -1 Mexico 1753 7.3 2 0 0

Above 5 3938 86.1 - - - Above 5 16867 70.0 - - -Pakistan 97 2.1 0 3 -7 Pakistan 1700 7.1 8 12 -11Korea, Republic of 78 1.7 -7 -5 -3 Korea, Republic of 902 3.7 -1 -4 -7Taipei, Chinese 67 1.5 -6 -9 -7 Turkey 643 2.7 5 -11 0Turkey 53 1.2 7 -16 9 Taipei, Chinese 640 2.7 -3 -5 0Bangladesh 43 0.9 30 26 28 Japan 594 2.5 -1 1 2Japan 42 0.9 -1 -2 5 Brazil 412 1.7 10 -1 9Indonesia 31 0.7 -6 14 -4 Israel 333 1.4 5 -3 -4Israel 30 0.7 17 0 8 Thailand 313 1.3 -2 -7 1Brazil 27 0.6 -1 -36 50 Indonesia 236 1.0 2 9 2Canada 20 0.4 ... 16 -10 Egypt 186 0.8 7 7 -4Viet Nam 18 0.4 22 17 99 Bangladesh 121 0.5 2 -3 3Thailand 17 0.4 -4 -13 3 Iran, Islamic Rep. of 100 0.4 -2 -10 -16Egypt 15 0.3 14 3 47 Viet Nam 97 0.4 83 28 18Switzerland 14 0.3 5 18 10 Dominican Republic 91 0.4 15 -4 3Iran, Islamic Rep. of 8 0.2 -6 4 -14 Switzerland 87 0.4 -1 13 -9Colombia 6 0.1 7 -24 -13 Philippines 60 0.3 -11 -9 1Australia 5 0.1 -8 -14 24 Colombia 58 0.2 5 2 7Nepal 4 0.1 16 13 31 Hong Kong, China 56 0.2 -19 -21 -10Malaysia 4 0.1 -4 -16 -5 Malaysia 55 0.2 -7 10 -17New Zealand 4 0.1 14 35 3 Bahrain 55 0.2 17 -28 84Argentina 4 0.1 45 4 63 Nepal 48 0.2 2 1 15Hong Kong, China 4 0.1 -24 -26 -5 United Arab Emirates 45 0.2 12 68 24Uruguay 3 0.1 -6 -61 73 Saudi Arabia 41 0.2 11 7 59Sri Lanka 2 0.1 -3 71 18 Australia 37 0.2 -1 -11 -1Philippines 2 0.0 -3 -22 -5 Sri Lanka 35 0.1 -16 -8 -6Chile 2 0.0 -9 -55 119 South Africa 34 0.1 0 14 -17South Africa 2 0.0 -12 0 -33 New Zealand 23 0.1 1 2 -5Peru 2 0.0 -1 -35 58 Peru 21 0.1 -2 0 -9Cambodia 2 0.0 116 43 66 El Salvador 20 0.1 -7 -5 -20Dominican Republic 2 0.0 -18 145 -10 Turkmenistan 19 0.1 28 -26 34El Salvador 1 0.0 11 5 -9 Ukraine 18 0.1 21 -84 842Saudi Arabia 1 0.0 -9 35 -13 Norway 16 0.1 15 -35 284Norway 1 0.0 -15 -28 -38 Guatemala 15 0.1 2 -16 1Russian Federation 1 0.0 0 0 0 Chile 15 0.1 30 -2 59Tunisia 1 0.0 56 283 108 Cambodia 11 0.0 10 8 -29

Above 40 4553 99.6 - - - Above 40 24007 99.7 - - -

Textile imports of selected economies by origin, 2007

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

(Million dollars and percentage)

Canada a United States

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Table II.63 (continued)

Value Share Value Share

2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007 2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

Region Region World 5948 100.0 0 -2 -5 World 84208 100.0 6 7 10North America 4215 70.9 -2 -4 -4 Europe 63630 75.6 5 5 9Asia 934 15.7 2 -4 -13 Asia 16572 19.7 9 13 17Europe 533 9.0 13 25 5 North America 1432 1.7 -2 12 4South and Central America 245 4.1 14 7 7 Africa 1169 1.4 6 6 17Middle East 15 0.3 21 -13 7 Middle East 733 0.9 0 3 6Africa 4 0.1 22 -40 33 CIS 465 0.6 3 0 -1CIS 2 0.0 10 -50 0 South and Central America 184 0.2 0 -8 -4

Economy Economy United States 4107 69.0 -2 -4 -4 European Union (27) 56894 67.6 5 5 9European Union (27) 490 8.2 13 25 1 China 7428 8.8 21 21 21China 445 7.5 21 -10 -19 Turkey 5092 6.0 13 12 13Korea, Republic of 109 1.8 -16 -3 -13 India 3165 3.8 8 9 16Canada 102 1.7 3 3 -21 Pakistan 2099 2.5 11 13 20

Above 5 5253 88.3 - - - Above 5 74679 88.7 - - -Taipei, Chinese 101 1.7 -4 -2 -8 Switzerland 1309 1.6 1 2 13Brazil 91 1.5 29 30 40 United States 1277 1.5 -2 12 4India 62 1.0 19 24 32 Korea, Republic of 866 1.0 -2 -9 12Colombia 51 0.9 9 26 1 Japan 644 0.8 -2 4 8Indonesia 46 0.8 7 23 -11 Indonesia 578 0.7 0 13 9Japan 43 0.7 7 84 -27 Taipei, Chinese 470 0.6 -5 -4 4Pakistan 37 0.6 8 -27 -1 Egypt 435 0.5 5 11 14Turkey 34 0.6 21 48 127 Thailand 385 0.5 1 4 4Guatemala 29 0.5 23 1 -8 Tunisia 374 0.4 13 10 27Thailand 28 0.5 8 12 7 Bangladesh 345 0.4 16 27 25Chile 21 0.4 1 -10 -22 Israel 320 0.4 5 6 11Malaysia 14 0.2 8 32 -28 Viet Nam 186 0.2 19 33 24Israel 13 0.2 25 -19 11 Iran, Islamic Rep. of 171 0.2 -8 -7 -11Dominican Republic 12 0.2 91 -47 29 Morocco 164 0.2 8 -1 22El Salvador 10 0.2 18 0 4 Malaysia 159 0.2 2 9 -9Uruguay 8 0.1 0 1 -38 Norway 155 0.2 4 3 1Bangladesh 8 0.1 6 13 18 United Arab Emirates 119 0.1 11 44 39Switzerland 8 0.1 9 -10 5 South Africa 118 0.1 6 -2 5Hong Kong, China 7 0.1 -19 -32 -16 Belarus 118 0.1 10 2 17Philippines 6 0.1 29 -42 -21 Russian Federation 100 0.1 -5 -6 -25Peru 5 0.1 14 5 -17 Brazil 99 0.1 -2 -13 -12Viet Nam 5 0.1 33 -8 64 Croatia 96 0.1 5 8 20Argentina 4 0.1 9 7 15 Canada 89 0.1 -3 25 4Costa Rica 4 0.1 3 8 -31 Uzbekistan 73 0.1 3 1 14Sri Lanka 2 0.0 -2 9 142 Ukraine 72 0.1 7 -15 9South Africa 2 0.0 ... 0 0 Hong Kong, China 67 0.1 -1 2 -7Ukraine 2 0.0 59 -42 -1 Syrian Arab Republic 66 0.1 -3 12 -9Honduras 2 0.0 27 370 8 Mexico 66 0.1 6 -12 10Egypt 2 0.0 29 5 52 Nepal 55 0.1 -8 -3 0Nepal 1 0.0 24 -36 92 Moldova 54 0.1 11 7 20Cambodia 1 0.0 ... -47 -59 Sri Lanka 43 0.1 1 31 14Iran, Islamic Rep. of 1 0.0 5 155 8 Philippines 40 0.0 4 76 -44Australia 1 0.0 6 46 -22 Peru 40 0.0 6 15 12Bolivia 1 0.0 16 140 103 Serbia 40 0.0 ... 125 35Singapore 1 0.0 -20 5 -23 Bahrain 31 0.0 -5 -16 -11

Above 40 5910 99.4 - - - Above 40 83902 99.6 - - -

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Textile imports of selected economies by origin, 2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

Mexico a European Union 27

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Table II.63 (continued)

Value Share Value Share

2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007 2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

Region Region World 16644 100.0 4 6 2 World 6302 100.0 4 6 2Asia 14811 89.0 3 4 0 Asia 5231 83.0 5 8 4Europe 1192 7.2 19 20 18 Europe 746 11.8 0 -2 -2North America 582 3.5 21 30 13 North America 261 4.1 -4 7 -13Middle East 22 0.1 24 13 22 Middle East 30 0.5 -4 15 0South and Central America 15 0.1 33 15 0 South and Central America 14 0.2 -8 0 -36CIS 12 0.1 -5 20 0 Africa 12 0.2 3 9 0Africa 9 0.1 9 14 13 CIS 8 0.1 -8 0 0

Economy Economy China 3324 20.0 15 18 3 China 3444 54.6 8 10 3Japan 3153 18.9 1 -1 0 European Union (27) 688 10.9 0 -2 -2Taipei, Chinese 3148 18.9 0 1 -2 Indonesia 368 5.8 2 1 5Korea, Republic of 2386 14.3 -1 -3 -3 Taipei, Chinese 356 5.6 4 8 9Hong Kong, China 1122 6.7 -2 0 -4 Korea, Republic of 320 5.1 -3 0 -2

Above 5 13132 78.9 - - - Above 5 5175 82.1 - - -European Union (27) 1101 6.6 18 18 17 United States 247 3.9 -5 8 -13Pakistan 731 4.4 9 22 4 Thailand 196 3.1 7 -10 23United States 547 3.3 21 28 15 India 168 2.7 -1 5 2Thailand 255 1.5 15 1 12 Viet Nam 142 2.3 6 9 2Indonesia 191 1.2 -1 0 -1 Malaysia 80 1.3 -2 14 24India 184 1.1 -1 16 12 Pakistan 66 1.0 -11 -6 -7Malaysia 104 0.6 3 -13 8 Turkey 33 0.5 7 19 27Viet Nam 67 0.4 23 53 44 Philippines 32 0.5 2 11 -4Turkey 57 0.3 38 62 40 Switzerland 24 0.4 -1 -4 -3Singapore 41 0.2 -1 -10 4 Iran, Islamic Rep. of 20 0.3 -8 6 -19Philippines 38 0.2 36 147 -1 Bangladesh 13 0.2 0 2 1Australia 34 0.2 10 5 13 Hong Kong, China 13 0.2 1 14 -21Switzerland 31 0.2 27 60 8 Macao, China 13 0.2 19 10 17Canada 24 0.1 28 50 4 Australia 12 0.2 6 33 36Macao, China 13 0.1 -17 -34 56 Brazil 9 0.1 -9 33 -44Mexico 11 0.1 41 88 -27 Canada 9 0.1 2 2 -18Saudi Arabia 9 0.1 47 71 90 Mexico 6 0.1 -6 -17 20Israel 9 0.1 38 26 30 United Arab Emirates 5 0.1 62 513 202Brazil 7 0.0 ... -13 0 South Africa 5 0.1 26 33 25Russian Federation 6 0.0 -4 50 0 Israel 5 0.1 10 93 44Cambodia 5 0.0 212 -11 -23 Egypt 4 0.1 -6 4 -7Bangladesh 5 0.0 32 28 31 Peru 4 0.1 -6 -21 -12South Africa 4 0.0 22 0 33 Uzbekistan 4 0.1 -16 75 -35Belarus 3 0.0 7 8 -6 Russian Federation 3 0.0 17 -50 200New Zealand 3 0.0 9 -7 -9 Singapore 3 0.0 -1 19 1Peru 3 0.0 20 10 52 Sri Lanka 2 0.0 -1 -7 8United Arab Emirates 3 0.0 8 76 -18 New Zealand 2 0.0 3 48 -39Uruguay 3 0.0 44 32 -7 Tanzania 1 0.0 -2 -3 3Korea, Dem. People's Rep. of 2 0.0 33 8 9 Belarus 1 0.0 25 28 33Egypt 2 0.0 -4 24 -29 Dominican Republic 1 0.0 ... 99 4Norway 2 0.0 3 11 -37 Nepal 1 0.0 -2 -3 21Sri Lanka 2 0.0 -3 48 26 Myanmar 1 0.0 -1 -8 16Ukraine 1 0.0 14 -10 -22 Tunisia 1 0.0 44 5 -38Mauritius 1 0.0 37 512 -34Nepal 1 0.0 18 -8 -23

Above 40 16635 99.9 - - - Above 38 6299 100.0 - - -

Textile imports of selected economies by origin, 2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

China b Japan

a Imports are valued f.o.b. b In 2007, China reported imports from China accounting for 20 per cent of its textile imports. For further information, see the Metadata.

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

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Table II.64

2007 1980 1990 2000 2007 2000-07 2005 2006 2007

Exporters European Union (27) 80.62 - - 36.2 33.9 5 -4 5 9

extra-EU (27) exports 23.72 - - 9.9 10.0 6 -3 5 10China a 55.97 4.6 6.9 10.3 23.5 19 23 19 15Hong Kong, China 13.42 3.2 7.9 8.6 5.6 0 -3 1 -4

domestic exports 0.46 1.7 2.1 0.8 0.2 -12 -12 -12 -13 re-exports 12.95 1.6 5.8 7.8 5.4 1 -3 1 -3

United States 12.39 6.8 4.8 7.0 5.2 2 3 2 -2Korea, Republic of 10.37 4.0 5.8 8.1 4.4 -3 -4 -3 3Taipei, Chinese 9.72 3.2 5.9 7.6 4.1 -3 -3 1 0India 9.45 2.4 2.1 3.6 4.0 8 13 7 7Turkey b 8.73 0.6 1.4 2.3 3.7 13 10 7 15Pakistan 7.37 1.6 2.6 2.9 3.1 7 16 5 -1Japan 7.11 9.3 5.6 4.5 3.0 0 -3 0 3United Arab Emirates b 4.02 0.1 0.0 2.0 1.7 4 -24 29 36Indonesia 3.83 0.1 1.2 2.2 1.6 1 13 8 6Thailand 3.11 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.3 7 8 4 8Canada 2.32 0.6 0.7 1.4 1.0 1 1 -4 -2Mexico a 2.21 0.2 0.7 1.6 0.9 -2 3 3 1Above 15 217.67 - - 91.7 91.4 - - - -

Importers European Union (27) 84.21 - - 34.4 33.7 6 -2 7 10

extra-EU (27) imports 27.31 - - 9.7 10.9 8 2 11 14United States 24.09 4.5 6.2 9.6 9.6 6 9 4 3China a, c 16.64 1.9 4.9 7.7 6.7 4 1 6 2Hong Kong, China 13.56 5.2 9.4 8.2 5.4 0 -2 1 -3

retained imports 0.60 3.7 3.8 0.9 0.2 -12 14 5 1Japan 6.30 3.0 3.8 3.0 2.5 4 4 6 2Turkey b 5.98 0.1 0.5 1.3 2.4 16 6 6 28Mexico a, d 5.66 0.2 0.9 3.5 2.3 0 5 -2 -5Viet Nam b 4.94 ... ... 0.8 2.0 20 17 16 24Canada d 4.46 2.3 2.2 2.5 1.8 1 5 2 2Russian Federation b, d 4.41 - - 0.8 1.8 19 25 26 22Korea, Republic of 4.14 0.7 1.8 2.0 1.7 3 5 10 6United Arab Emirates b 4.10 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.6 10 1 10 15Brazil 2.28 0.1 0.2 0.6 0.9 12 13 38 42Morocco a 2.28 0.2 0.3 0.8 0.9 8 -1 7 19Thailand 2.16 0.3 0.8 1.0 0.9 4 8 4 5Above 15 172.25 - - 70.0 68.9 - - - -

b Includes Secretariat estimates. c In 2007, China reported imports of textiles from China amounting to $3.3 billion. For further information, see the Metadata. d Imports are valued f.o.b.

Leading exporters and importers of textiles, 2007

a Includes significant shipments through processing zones

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Share in world exports/imports Value Annual percentage change

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Table II.65

1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2000 2007 a

World 104354 | 156766 202657 217992 238126 2.5 1.7Argentina 158 258 212 219 233 1.0 0.4Australia 153 347 329 312 340 0.5 0.2Bangladesh b, c 343 393 504 625 718 6.2 5.8Belarus - 410 474 504 567 5.6 2.3Brazil 769 895 1330 1365 1448 1.6 0.9Canada 687 2204 2464 2369 2316 0.8 0.6Chile 33 114 120 112 129 0.6 0.2China d 7219 16135 41050 48683 55968 6.5 4.6Colombia 133 268 355 383 628 2.1 2.1Croatia ... 87 107 113 132 2.0 1.1Egypt c 554 412 592 634 702 8.8 4.3El Salvador d 38 79 75 80 98 2.7 2.5European Union (27) - 56737 70468 73844 80618 2.3 1.5 intra-EU (27) exports - 41170 50044 52308 56894 2.5 1.6 extra-EU (27) exports - 15567 20424 21536 23724 2.0 1.4Guatemala 34 53 | 175 183 202 2.0 2.9Hong Kong, China 8213 13441 13830 13910 13417 6.6 3.8 domestic exports 2171 1176 604 530 462 5.0 2.6 re-exports 6042 12265 13226 13380 12955 6.8 3.9India 2180 5570 8285 8837 9446 13.1 6.5Indonesia 1241 3505 3353 3614 3829 5.4 3.2Iran, Islamic Rep. of c 510 766 781 766 676 2.7 0.8Israel 270 490 709 744 764 1.6 1.4Japan 5871 7023 6905 6934 7108 1.5 1.0Korea, Republic of 6076 12710 10391 10110 10373 7.4 2.8Macao, China 136 272 275 242 197 10.7 7.8Malaysia d 343 1270 1356 1437 1470 1.3 0.8Mauritius c, d 35 81 75 78 88 5.2 3.9Mexico d 713 2571 2138 2192 2215 1.5 0.8Morocco d 203 123 189 242 338 1.7 2.3Nepal c 82 182 187 157 170 22.7 19.1New Zealand 135 142 257 262 304 1.1 1.1Norway 163 173 217 233 258 0.3 0.2Pakistan 2663 4532 7087 7469 7371 50.2 41.3Peru 221 128 158 199 250 1.8 0.9Philippines c, d 132 297 269 239 222 0.7 0.4Russian Federation c - 430 465 527 544 0.4 0.2Saudi Arabia 31 114 296 315 324 0.1 0.1Singapore 903 907 | 916 911 969 0.7 0.3 domestic exports 141 293 | 234 285 320 0.4 0.2 re-exports 762 614 | 682 626 649 1.0 0.5South Africa c 167 240 312 306 332 0.8 0.5Sri Lanka c 25 244 136 154 176 4.5 2.3Switzerland 2557 1503 | 1567 1593 1761 1.9 1.0Syrian Arab Republic 555 158 | 228 820 ... 3.4 7.5Taipei, Chinese 6128 11891 9706 9763 9720 8.0 4.1Tanzania ... 11 27 35 56 1.7 2.8Thailand 928 1958 2764 2873 3114 2.8 2.0Tunisia 112 154 326 349 495 2.6 3.3Turkey c 1440 3672 7076 7585 8731 13.2 8.1Ukraine - 127 239 244 290 0.9 0.6United Arab Emirates c 6 3137 2279 2950 4015 6.3 2.3United States 5039 10952 12379 12665 12386 1.4 1.1Viet Nam c ... 299 725 1058 1352 2.1 2.8

b Figures refer to fiscal year.

d Includes significant exports from processing zones.

Value

Textile exports of selected economies, 1990-2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

a Or nearest year.

c Includes Secretariat estimates.

Share in economy's total merchandise exports

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Table II.66

1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2000 2007 a

Argentina 53 653 725 820 1000 2.6 2.2Australia b 1445 1632 1766 1837 2051 2.3 1.3Bangladesh c, d 452 1350 1634 1838 1816 15.2 9.8Belarus - 256 351 427 487 3.0 1.7Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela b 112 286 504 644 1079 2.0 2.6Bosnia and Herzegovina ... ... 196 241 294 ... 3.0Brazil e 252 1045 1159 1599 2276 1.9 1.9Cambodia b, d ... 432 1003 1202 1350 22.3 24.5Canada b 2325 4126 4312 4377 4459 1.7 1.2Chile 203 431 462 522 563 2.3 1.2China f 5292 12832 15503 16358 16645 5.7 1.7Colombia 75 558 726 864 988 4.8 3.0Costa Rica f 83 184 243 303 318 2.9 2.5Croatia ... 249 448 484 566 3.2 2.2Dominican Republic b, d, f ... 1173 914 941 838 12.4 6.1Egypt d 211 526 924 1047 1234 3.8 4.6El Salvador d, f 111 325 696 672 694 6.6 8.0European Union (27) g - 57422 71642 76314 84208 2.2 1.5 extra-EU (27) imports - 16222 21531 23924 27314 1.8 1.4FYR Macedonia ... 27 317 339 425 1.3 8.1Guatemala f 38 59 | 1169 1144 873 1.2 6.4Honduras d 26 501 1169 1191 1362 12.6 15.9Hong Kong, China 10182 13716 13793 13975 13559 6.4 3.7 retained imports 4140 1451 567 595 604 4.2 1.6India 240 578 1989 2000 2128 1.1 1.0Indonesia 785 1251 756 730 785 2.9 0.8Iran, Islamic Rep. of d ... 298 430 412 375 2.1 0.8Israel 474 759 755 718 763 2.0 1.3Japan 4133 4935 5812 6179 6302 1.3 1.0Jordan 107 172 681 725 670 3.7 5.0Kenya 17 47 229 249 250 1.5 2.8Korea, Republic of 1947 3359 3541 3909 4140 2.1 1.2Kuwait d 168 212 324 343 411 3.0 1.7Macao, China 619 902 706 618 485 40.0 9.0Madagascar b, d 20 200 264 314 417 18.2 16.1Malaysia f 951 1114 987 1063 1184 1.4 0.8Mauritius d 336 411 251 266 290 19.6 7.4Mexico b, f 992 5822 6043 5951 5661 3.3 2.0Morocco f 361 1364 1785 1915 2276 11.8 7.2New Zealand 396 369 516 506 564 2.7 1.8Norway 554 509 710 772 927 1.5 1.2Pakistan 126 130 471 551 579 1.2 1.8Peru 17 165 324 358 472 2.2 2.3Philippines d 910 1250 1101 1244 1189 3.4 2.1Russian Federation b, d - 1316 2871 3613 4408 2.9 2.0Saudi Arabia 1312 986 1207 1204 1296 3.3 1.4Singapore 1778 1275 | 1037 1101 1174 0.9 0.4 retained imports 1016 661 | 356 475 525 0.9 0.4South Africa b 561 570 872 975 1015 2.1 1.3Sri Lanka d 412 1483 1550 1540 1609 20.7 14.2Switzerland 1849 1326 1678 1800 2032 1.6 1.3Syrian Arab Republic 168 399 | 379 353 ... 10.5 3.1Taipei, Chinese 1013 1460 1117 1141 1167 1.0 0.5Thailand 898 1630 1986 2059 2160 2.6 1.4Tunisia 790 1207 1614 1594 1997 14.1 10.5Turkey d 567 2124 4441 4686 5980 3.9 3.5Ukraine - 450 900 916 984 3.2 1.6United Arab Emirates d 983 2055 3253 3567 4100 5.9 3.1United States 6730 15985 22538 23498 24089 1.3 1.2Viet Nam d ... 1379 3435 3988 4940 8.8 8.1

d Includes Secretariat estimates. e Beginning 2000, imports are valued f.o.b.

Value

Textile imports of selected economies, 1990-2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

Share in economy's total merchandise imports

g See the Metadata for information on intra-EU (27) imports.

a Or nearest year. b Imports are valued f.o.b. c Figures refer to fiscal year.

f Includes significant imports into processing zones.

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4.6. Clothing

Table II.67

2007 2000 2007 2000 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

World 345.3 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 8 12 12Asia . . . . . . . .

World 181.0 100.0 100.0 46.0 52.4 10 20 12North America 60.1 39.3 33.2 18.1 17.4 8 14 8Europe 51.2 23.7 28.3 10.9 14.8 13 41 0Asia 39.0 29.4 21.5 13.5 11.3 6 10 10Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 14.1 1.9 7.8 0.9 4.1 35 -1 95Middle East 7.0 2.8 3.9 1.3 2.0 16 4 61Africa 4.8 1.2 2.7 0.5 1.4 24 40 46South and Central America 4.7 1.7 2.6 0.8 1.4 17 28 42China . . . . . . . .

World 115.2 100.0 100.0 18.2 33.4 18 29 21Asia 32.0 51.8 27.8 9.4 9.3 8 14 13Europe 28.4 16.8 24.7 3.1 8.2 25 64 -2North America 27.4 20.7 23.8 3.8 7.9 20 25 20Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 13.7 3.4 11.9 0.6 4.0 41 -2 99Middle East 5.3 2.6 4.6 0.5 1.5 28 10 87Africa 4.2 1.6 3.6 0.3 1.2 33 50 54South and Central America 4.2 3.1 3.6 0.6 1.2 21 31 48

Other economies in Asia . . . . . . . . World 65.8 100.0 100.0 27.8 19.1 3 9 0North America 32.7 51.5 49.7 14.3 9.5 2 7 0Europe 22.8 28.3 34.6 7.8 6.6 6 19 1Asia 7.0 14.7 10.6 4.1 2.0 -2 -5 -4Middle East 1.7 2.8 2.6 0.8 0.5 1 -5 11Africa 0.7 0.9 1.0 0.2 0.2 4 5 12South and Central America 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.2 0.2 4 13 11Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.4 0.9 0.6 0.2 0.1 -3 27 13

Europe . . . . . . . . World 122.4 100.0 100.0 32.6 35.4 10 7 14Europe 100.8 82.7 82.4 26.9 29.2 10 6 13Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 6.0 1.8 4.9 0.6 1.8 26 32 36North America 5.0 7.1 4.1 2.3 1.4 1 -3 4Asia 4.9 4.4 4.0 1.4 1.4 8 6 14Middle East 2.3 1.7 1.9 0.5 0.7 11 15 25Africa 1.4 1.7 1.2 0.6 0.4 4 4 6South and Central America 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.1 2 11 29

South and Central America . . . . . . . . World 12.5 100.0 100.0 5.9 3.6 1 -4 0North America 10.4 92.9 83.4 5.5 3.0 -1 -6 -7South and Central America 1.7 5.2 13.5 0.3 0.5 16 22 89Europe 0.3 1.6 2.2 0.1 0.1 6 0 -2Asia 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.0 21 17 37Africa 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 41 0 38Middle East 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 4 -58 0Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 22 33 0

Annual percentage change

Clothing exports of selected regions and economies by destination, 2007

(Billion dollars and percentage)

ValueShare in region/economy's

exports Share in world exports

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Table II.68

Value Share Value S Share

2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007 2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

Region Region World 7788 100.0 11 16 12 World 84847 100.0 3 4 2Asia 6123 78.6 13 20 14 Asia 61220 72.2 7 9 7North America 772 9.9 1 3 -1 South and Central America 10120 11.9 -1 -6 -7Europe 591 7.6 10 9 15 North America 5859 6.9 -8 -12 -15South and Central America 193 2.5 10 6 -4 Europe 3691 4.4 -2 -8 0Africa 74 1.0 13 14 10 Africa 2263 2.7 8 3 3Middle East 25 0.3 1 -4 0 Middle East 1618 1.9 1 -1 -15CIS 11 0.1 -9 -27 0 CIS 76 0.1 -23 -32 -61

Economy Economy China 4163 53.5 24 25 19 China 28530 33.6 18 15 17United States 471 6.0 -2 3 2 Mexico 4743 5.6 -8 -13 -15European Union (27) 453 5.8 8 9 15 Viet Nam 4619 5.4 89 18 35Bangladesh 452 5.8 23 19 4 Indonesia 4306 5.1 9 27 8India 350 4.5 5 7 -4 India 3505 4.1 7 5 -2

Above 5 5889 75.6 - - - Above 5 45703 53.9 - - -Mexico 296 3.8 11 8 -4 Bangladesh 3286 3.9 5 23 5Cambodia 186 2.4 50 21 45 European Union (27) 2927 3.5 -1 -4 6Viet Nam 169 2.2 32 34 27 Honduras 2649 3.1 1 -6 3Indonesia 155 2.0 8 19 15 Cambodia 2559 3.0 17 25 13Turkey 111 1.4 16 9 10 Thailand 2311 2.7 0 2 -4Thailand 107 1.4 1 2 -7 Hong Kong, China 2162 2.5 -11 -21 -27Pakistan 82 1.1 5 17 1 Philippines 1821 2.1 -2 9 -14Malaysia 78 1.0 0 9 7 Sri Lanka 1711 2.0 1 2 -7Philippines 76 1.0 3 6 -6 Pakistan 1696 2.0 6 13 4Hong Kong, China 56 0.7 -23 -27 -16 El Salvador 1523 1.8 -1 -13 5Sri Lanka 56 0.7 2 8 0 Guatemala 1517 1.8 0 -7 -13Honduras 54 0.7 12 12 -7 Malaysia 1422 1.7 0 8 2Korea, Republic of 49 0.6 -19 -1 -19 Jordan 1194 1.4 59 16 -9Taipei, Chinese 43 0.6 -13 -19 0 Canada 1116 1.3 -8 -10 -17El Salvador 28 0.4 14 27 3 Dominican Republic 1083 1.3 -11 -16 -32Macao, China 25 0.3 -6 -2 -8 Macao, China 1073 1.3 -2 -4 -12Peru 23 0.3 21 27 -1 Nicaragua 994 1.2 16 23 10Morocco 17 0.2 42 57 27 Taipei, Chinese 965 1.1 -12 -11 -15Tunisia 16 0.2 35 31 16 Peru 851 1.0 11 5 -3Guatemala 16 0.2 13 -30 -6 Egypt 738 0.9 8 41 11Dominican Republic 16 0.2 -5 -8 -24 Korea, Republic of 725 0.9 -17 -20 -31Haiti 15 0.2 25 5 31 Turkey 624 0.7 -8 -22 -22Jordan 12 0.2 69 74 32 Haiti 462 0.5 8 10 1Egypt 12 0.2 4 -3 9 Costa Rica 433 0.5 -9 -3 -9Switzerland 11 0.1 12 25 37 Lesotho 402 0.5 16 0 -1Nicaragua 11 0.1 13 87 23 Colombia 398 0.5 -1 -12 -24Madagascar 10 0.1 40 24 12 Madagascar 308 0.4 15 -14 21Singapore 8 0.1 -6 3 36 Kenya 261 0.3 28 -3 -6Japan 8 0.1 0 17 14 Israel 198 0.2 -12 -17 -21Israel 7 0.1 -4 -20 5 Singapore 157 0.2 -12 -7 3Lesotho 7 0.1 8 -20 -22 Swaziland 142 0.2 23 -16 0Colombia 7 0.1 8 -20 -32 United Arab Emirates 130 0.2 -14 -18 -34Ukraine 7 0.1 16 -19 40 Mauritius 121 0.1 -10 -29 -3Nepal 6 0.1 5 2 10 Japan 112 0.1 0 -12 1Costa Rica 6 0.1 -1 -20 65 Brunei Darussalam 111 0.1 -7 -28 -11

Above 40 7676 98.6 - - - Above 40 83885 98.9 - - -

Clothing imports of selected economies by origin, 2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Canada a United States

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Table II.68 (continued)

Value Share Value Share

2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007 2007 2007 2000-07 2006 2007

Region Region World 162806 100.0 10 10 13 World 23999 100.0 3 6 1Europe 93939 57.7 10 6 13 Asia 21885 91.2 3 7 1Asia 57657 35.4 12 18 12 Europe 1740 7.3 2 0 0Africa 8665 5.3 6 5 14 North America 237 1.0 -11 -10 -22CIS 980 0.6 5 2 0 Africa 78 0.3 24 44 26North America 759 0.5 4 11 6 South and Central America 44 0.2 2 11 10South and Central America 399 0.2 4 10 2 CIS 8 0.0 15 0 60Middle East 394 0.2 -6 0 -9 Middle East 7 0.0 0 0 -13

Economy Economy European Union (27) 78603 48.3 9 6 12 China 19795 82.5 4 7 1China 32285 19.8 21 12 24 European Union (27) 1652 6.9 1 0 0Turkey 12388 7.6 13 3 17 Viet Nam 717 3.0 3 5 11Bangladesh 6004 3.7 14 32 3 Thailand 271 1.1 -1 5 -8India 5719 3.5 14 17 10 Korea, Republic of 258 1.1 -17 -20 -26

Above 5 134999 82.9 - - - Above 5 22692 94.6 - - -Tunisia 3556 2.2 6 1 14 United States 198 0.8 -12 -12 -24Morocco 3477 2.1 7 5 16 Malaysia 170 0.7 2 6 6Hong Kong, China 2340 1.4 -3 46 -27 India 157 0.7 2 23 -10Indonesia 1689 1.0 0 18 -8 Indonesia 134 0.6 -7 17 -8Viet Nam 1605 1.0 12 51 19 Myanmar 95 0.4 54 36 33Pakistan 1547 1.0 9 13 11 Philippines 78 0.3 -5 -29 11Sri Lanka 1492 0.9 9 22 16 Taipei, Chinese 61 0.3 -8 -9 3Thailand 1324 0.8 4 13 -1 Turkey 53 0.2 23 22 -3Switzerland 937 0.6 12 6 25 Hong Kong, China 46 0.2 -11 14 -29Malaysia 902 0.6 4 19 7 Tunisia 37 0.2 26 32 21Cambodia 715 0.4 15 17 3 Bangladesh 30 0.1 8 6 23Mauritius 656 0.4 1 11 7 Morocco 28 0.1 35 43 46FYR Macedonia 629 0.4 15 24 43 Mexico 25 0.1 -1 13 -7Egypt 570 0.4 12 16 19 Sri Lanka 22 0.1 4 16 -8United States 557 0.3 3 10 5 Switzerland 20 0.1 3 0 -5Croatia 536 0.3 3 -5 8 Cambodia 15 0.1 36 63 7Ukraine 528 0.3 6 -3 -3 Canada 13 0.1 -10 -11 -16Korea, Republic of 392 0.2 -11 14 -22 Peru 13 0.1 13 41 14Macao, China 383 0.2 -6 19 -20 Macao, China 13 0.1 -1 -10 -11Serbia 376 0.2 ... 112 35 Croatia 9 0.0 28 19 5Madagascar 338 0.2 5 29 16 Pakistan 9 0.0 -7 -9 16Taipei, Chinese 315 0.2 -7 5 -3 Brazil 8 0.0 10 25 60Philippines 275 0.2 -3 13 -13 Madagascar 6 0.0 26 112 1Albania 224 0.1 14 16 41 Honduras 6 0.0 -3 -27 -4Myanmar 219 0.1 -3 10 -17 Ukraine 4 0.0 13 29 45Moldova 202 0.1 17 42 21 El Salvador 4 0.0 -6 27 -19Bosnia and Herzegovina 179 0.1 10 9 15 Israel 4 0.0 6 -2 -15Japan 159 0.1 1 3 20 Mauritius 4 0.0 -1 25 30Lao People's Dem. Rep. 148 0.1 4 5 -5 Nepal 3 0.0 -25 20 -19United Arab Emirates 140 0.1 -7 11 -20 Australia 3 0.0 -2 -2 -16Peru 126 0.1 11 7 22 Colombia 3 0.0 0 7 -12Belarus 117 0.1 -1 -7 -7 New Zealand 2 0.0 6 -5 4Canada 108 0.1 5 -3 6 Serbia 2 0.0 ... ... 38Israel 108 0.1 -11 -5 -12 Lao People's Dem. Rep. 2 0.0 25 41 12Syrian Arab Republic 104 0.1 1 -8 6 Moldova 2 0.0 ... 85 23

Above 40 161970 99.5 - - - Above 40 23972 99.9 - - -

a Imports are valued f.o.b.

Clothing imports of selected economies by origin, 2007

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

(Million dollars and percentage)

European Union (27) Japan

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Table II.69

2007 1980 1990 2000 2007 2000-07 2005 2006 2007

Exporters China a 115.2 4.0 8.9 18.2 33.4 18 20 29 21European Union (27) 103.4 - - 28.4 29.9 9 3 7 13

extra-EU (27) exports 24.8 - - 6.5 7.2 10 5 10 19Hong Kong, China 28.8 12.3 14.2 12.2 8.3 2 9 4 1

domestic exports 5.0 11.5 8.6 5.0 1.4 -9 -11 -7 -26 re-exports 23.8 0.8 5.7 7.2 6.9 8 18 8 10

Turkey b 14.0 0.3 3.1 3.3 4.1 12 6 2 16Bangladesh b 10.1 0.0 0.6 2.6 2.9 10 19 28 4India 9.7 1.7 2.3 3.0 2.8 7 26 10 2Viet Nam b 7.2 ... ... 0.9 2.1 22 10 19 29Indonesia 5.9 0.2 1.5 2.4 1.7 3 16 16 2Mexico a 5.1 0.0 0.5 4.4 1.5 -7 -2 -13 -19United States 4.3 3.1 2.4 4.4 1.2 -9 -1 -2 -12Thailand 4.1 0.7 2.6 1.9 1.2 1 3 4 -4Pakistan 3.8 0.3 0.9 1.1 1.1 9 19 8 -3Morocco a 3.6 0.3 0.7 1.2 1.0 6 -6 14 11Tunisia 3.6 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.0 7 -5 -3 18Sri Lanka b 3.3 0.3 0.6 1.4 1.0 2 4 6 8Above 15 298.1 - - 79.2 86.3 - - - -

Importers European Union (27) 162.8 - - 39.7 45.5 10 5 10 13

extra-EU (27) imports 84.2 - - 19.2 23.5 11 9 13 13United States 84.9 16.4 24.0 32.1 23.7 3 6 4 2Japan 24.0 3.6 7.8 9.4 6.7 3 4 6 1Hong Kong, China 19.1 1.6 6.2 7.6 5.4 3 8 2 2

retained imports ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...Russian Federation b, c 14.5 - - 1.3 4.1 27 23 2 79Canada c 7.6 1.7 2.1 1.8 2.1 11 14 14 12Switzerland 5.2 3.4 3.1 1.5 1.4 7 2 5 11United Arab Emirates b 5.0 0.6 0.5 0.4 1.4 29 7 72 64Korea, Republic of 4.3 0.0 0.1 0.6 1.2 19 6 29 15Australia c 3.7 0.8 0.6 0.9 1.0 10 17 5 13Mexico a, c 2.5 0.3 0.5 1.7 0.7 -5 -2 0 -2Singapore 2.4 0.3 0.8 0.9 0.7 4 -5 17 -3

retained imports 0.9 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 7 7 12 16Norway 2.3 1.7 1.1 0.6 0.6 9 11 7 16China a 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.6 0.6 7 6 6 15Saudi Arabia 1.9 1.6 0.7 0.4 0.5 13 25 13 18Above 15 d 323.1 - - 91.8 90.3 - - - -

c Imports are valued f.o.b. d Excludes retained imports of Hong Kong, China.

Leading exporters and importers of clothing, 2007

a Includes significant shipments through processing zones b Includes Secretariat estimates.

(Billion dollars and percentage)

Share in world exports/imports Value Annual percentage change

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Table II.70

1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2000 2007 a

World 108129 | 198158 276822 309593 345301 3.2 2.5Albania b ... 97 198 225 328 37.6 30.6Bangladesh b, c 643 5067 7510 9634 10060 79.3 80.8Belarus - 262 330 350 400 3.6 1.6Bosnia and Herzegovina ... ... 82 152 177 ... 4.2Botswana ... 30 203 141 340 1.1 6.6Cambodia b ... 970 2231 2513 2893 69.8 70.6Canada 328 2077 1861 1798 1585 0.8 0.4China d 9669 36071 74163 95388 115238 14.5 9.5Colombia 460 520 904 962 1351 4.0 4.5Costa Rica d 54 660 473 455 379 11.2 4.1Croatia ... 469 570 538 585 10.6 4.7Dominican Republic d 782 | 2555 1905 1734 1367 44.5 18.9Egypt b 144 710 883 1134 1317 15.1 8.1El Salvador b, d 184 1673 1856 1814 1830 56.9 46.0European Union (27) - 56240 85471 91433 103368 2.3 1.9 intra-EU (27) exports - 43286 66438 70535 78603 2.6 2.2 extra-EU (27) exports - 12954 19033 20898 24765 1.7 1.5FYR Macedonia ... 318 498 509 635 24.0 18.9Guatemala 24 49 | 1506 1557 1390 1.8 20.1Haiti 63 245 393 432 459 76.9 88.0Honduras b 64 2275 2790 2613 2693 68.0 48.1Hong Kong, China 15406 24214 27292 28391 28765 11.9 8.2 domestic exports 9266 9935 7231 6724 4985 42.2 27.5 re-exports 6140 14279 20061 21666 23780 8.0 7.2India 2530 5960 8595 9465 9655 14.1 6.6Indonesia 1646 4734 4959 5760 5870 7.2 5.0Japan 568 534 495 485 523 0.1 0.1Jordan 11 115 1061 1257 1218 6.1 21.4Kenya 9 9 180 230 241 0.5 5.9Korea, Republic of 7879 5027 2581 2183 1914 2.9 0.5Lesotho b ... 161 447 478 557 73.1 69.2Macao, China 1111 1849 1656 1610 1491 72.8 58.6Madagascar b 11 309 345 318 497 37.4 41.7Malaysia d 1315 2257 2479 2842 3159 2.3 1.8Mauritius b, d 607 948 745 772 887 60.9 39.8Mexico d 587 8631 7306 6323 5150 5.2 1.9Moldova - 76 171 200 238 16.0 17.8Morocco d 722 2401 2847 3238 3596 32.3 24.5Myanmar b 12 800 331 386 ... 48.6 9.1Pakistan 1014 2144 3604 3907 3806 23.8 21.3Peru 120 504 1057 1204 1406 7.2 5.0Philippines b, d 1733 2536 2287 2624 2283 6.4 4.5Serbia ... ... ... 319 445 ... 5.0Serbia and Montenegro ... 130 246 ... ... 7.6 4.9Singapore 1588 1825 | 1696 1985 1779 1.3 0.6 domestic exports 995 504 | 234 238 223 0.6 0.1 re-exports 593 1321 | 1462 1747 1556 2.2 1.1Sri Lanka b 638 2812 2874 3046 3283 51.8 42.4Swaziland ... 124 256 ... ... 13.6 12.0Switzerland 686 607 | 1526 1620 1771 0.8 1.0Syrian Arab Republic 330 129 | 139 864 ... 2.8 7.9Taipei, Chinese 3987 3015 1561 1393 1254 2.0 0.5Thailand 2817 3759 4085 4247 4073 5.4 2.7Tunisia 1126 2227 3124 3018 3571 38.1 23.8Turkey b 3331 6533 11833 12052 14001 23.5 13.1Ukraine - 417 689 682 718 2.9 1.5United Arab Emirates b 146 971 1517 1760 2170 1.9 1.3United States 2565 8629 4998 4876 4297 1.1 0.4Viet Nam b ... 1821 4681 5579 7186 12.6 14.9

a Or nearest year. b Includes Secretariat estimates. c Figures refer to fiscal year. d Includes significant exports from processing zones.

Value

Clothing exports of selected economies, 1990-2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

Share in economy's total merchandise exports

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Table II.71

1990 2000 2005 2006 2007 2000 2007 a

Albania b ... 68 147 173 221 6.3 5.3Argentina 6 333 156 192 271 1.3 0.6Australia c 711 1858 3120 3279 3703 2.6 2.4Bangladesh b, d 14 174 417 330 434 2.0 2.3Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela c 101 390 522 736 1443 2.7 3.4Bosnia and Herzegovina ... ... 167 162 189 ... 1.9Brazil e 59 173 309 442 616 0.3 0.5Canada c 2388 3690 5975 6817 7604 1.5 2.0Chile 52 501 794 1003 1169 2.7 2.5China f 48 1192 1629 1724 1976 0.5 0.2Colombia 19 80 117 159 258 0.7 0.8Costa Rica f 17 592 339 311 293 9.3 2.3Croatia ... 278 420 518 691 3.5 2.7Ecuador 1 23 133 154 185 0.6 1.4Egypt b 9 404 297 403 807 2.9 3.0El Salvador b, f 171 713 244 217 187 14.4 2.2European Union (27) g - 83181 131496 144416 162806 3.2 2.9 extra-EU (27) imports - 40148 65621 74355 84203 4.4 4.3Guatemala f 5 33 | 188 190 200 0.7 1.5Honduras b 25 1304 456 423 333 32.7 3.9Hong Kong, China 6913 16008 18437 18852 19149 7 5 retained imports ... ... ... ... ... ... ...Iceland 75 88 145 156 184 3.4 2.8Israel 61 471 683 788 949 1.2 1.6Japan 8765 19709 22541 23870 23999 5.2 3.9Jordan 28 61 164 247 296 1.3 2.2Korea, Republic of 151 1307 2913 3744 4318 0.8 1.2Kuwait b 206 317 553 567 728 4.4 3.1Macao, China b 26 214 426 386 473 9.5 8.8Malaysia f 76 148 283 359 410 0.2 0.3Mexico c, f 573 3602 2523 2517 2474 2.1 0.9Morocco f 8 232 283 274 316 2.0 1.0New Zealand 149 401 703 740 877 2.9 2.8Norway 1231 1287 1855 1978 2286 3.7 2.8Peru 1 59 112 134 184 0.8 0.9Qatar 29 54 138 211 ... 1.7 1.3Russian Federation b, c - 2688 7928 8103 14505 6.0 6.5Saudi Arabia 833 813 1458 1649 1939 2.7 2.1Serbia ... ... ... 222 352 ... 1.9Serbia and Montenegro ... 46 153 ... ... 1.2 1.3Singapore 920 1881 | 2132 2497 2428 1.4 0.9 retained imports 328 560 | 670 750 872 0.7 0.7South Africa c 108 223 832 1123 994 0.8 1.2Switzerland 3437 3160 4451 4654 5184 3.8 3.2Taipei, Chinese 290 978 1092 1223 1117 0.7 0.5Thailand 29 131 214 276 331 0.2 0.2Tunisia 191 438 569 550 644 5.1 3.4Turkey b 16 264 788 1098 1463 0.5 0.9Ukraine - 60 389 342 377 0.4 0.6United Arab Emirates b 514 832 1779 3055 5010 2.4 3.8United States 26977 67115 80071 82972 84853 5.3 4.2Viet Nam b ... 450 332 271 426 2.9 0.7

c Imports are valued f.o.b. d Figures refer to fiscal year.

f Includes significant imports into processing zones.

Value

Clothing imports of selected economies, 1990-2007

(Million dollars and percentage)

Share in economy's total merchandise imports

a Or nearest year. b Includes Secretariat estimates.

e Beginning 2000, imports are valued f.o.b.

g See the Metadata for information on intra-EU (27) imports.

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III. China records impressive growth

Transportation services

Exports of world transportation services reached $750 billion in 2007, an

increase of 19 per cent, following a 9 per cent rise in 2006. Rising fuel prices

and the inability of some major shipping routes to meet demand continued to

have a signifi cant effect on transportation costs. According to industry sources

in the airline industry, fuel costs accounted for 29 per cent of operating expenses

in 2007 compared with 14 per cent in 2003. In the shipping sector, the cost of

fuel for a large container ship accounted for 63 per cent of operating expenses,

compared with 33 per cent three years earlier.

Sea transport accounted for 43 per cent of exports of world transportation serv-

ices in 2006, while airborne freight accounted for only 7 per cent. World seaborne

freight services have increased and currently represent more than four-fi fths of sea transport services.

In 2007, the European Union, the United States and

Japan remained the leading exporters and importers of

transportation services. China became the fi fth-largest

world exporter of transportation services, recording $31.3

billion of exports. The Chinese transportation sector has

recorded impressive growth since 2000. Exports have

grown by 36 per cent on average per year, with a peak

of 49 per cent in 2007. In 2007, Hong Kong China, the

United States and the European Union were China's main

export markets. However, China remains a net importer

of transportation services.

1995 2006

Chart III.1 Structure of world transportation services exports, 1995 and 2006

(Percentage)

Other transport26%

Air transport38%

Sea transport36%

Passenger 1%

Other9%

Freight26%

Other transport24%

Air transport33%

Sea transport43%

Passenger 1%

Other7%

Freight35%

IN THIS CHAPTER :

Transportation services

Travel

Other commercial services

Construction

Royalties and licence fees

Business, professional and technical services

Audiovisual services

The Highlights

III. TRADE IN COMMERCIAL SERVICES

BY CATEGORY

0.0

5.0

15.0

10.0

25.0

20.0

35.0

30.0

40.0

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

Chart III.2

(Billion dollars)

China – Exports and imports of sea freight transport services, 2000-2007

Exports Imports

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Sea freight represents the vast majority of China's trade in of transportation services (63 per cent of exports and 81 per cent

of imports). In 2007, sea freight totalled $19.8 billion, a 59 per cent increase. This refl ects the rapid development of China's

trade infrastructure in recent years. China has six of the top 20 container terminals in the world. By 2006, there were 12 ports

in China with the capacity to handle over 100 million tons of cargo. Overall, China's handling of freight through its ports increased

by 14.8 per cent in 2006. The number of containers handled in Chinese ports increased by 23.8 per cent. This represents

around 20 per cent of world traffi c for container vessels in 2006.

International travel receipts increase, with Australia recording high growth in

education-related travel

Travel

International travel continued to increase in 2007 despite rising costs and lower disposable income in many developed econo-

mies. The number of international tourists reached 903 million (an increase of 6.6 per cent) and international travel receipts

totalled $855 billion, a rise of 14 per cent. The leading travel exporters continued to be the European Union and the United States,

accounting for 57 per cent of total exports. However, the most rapid export and import growth was in Russia and Australia.

The travel industry is a major component of export diversifi cation for many developing countries. In 2007, travel receipts for

developing countries reached $285 billion, around 33 per cent of their total exports of commercial services. The least-developed

countries (LDCs), in particular, are an increasingly attractive destination for international tourists. Tourism in the LDCs has grown

by an annual average of more than 13 per cent since 2000.

Australia has become the fourth-largest world exporter

of travel and the second among Asian countries behind

China. In 2007 Australia's travel exports grew by 25

per cent. Education-related travel accounted for 46 per

cent of the country's total travel exports in 2007, becom-

ing the most important service category exported by the

economy.

In 2007, overseas student enrolments were over

455,000, a 66 per cent increase compared with 2002.

Foreign students spent over $10 billion in Australia, of

which 39 per cent was on tuition fees while the remainder

was on food, accommodation, local transport and leisure.

The students are mostly from Asian countries, with China

and India accounting for 35 per cent of total international

enrolment.

The EU holds a particularly large share

Other commercial services

“Other commercial services” continues to be the largest component of commercial services exports. Growing by 20 per cent

in 2007 to $1,685 billion, these services accounted for 51 per cent of the overall total for commercial services. In 2007 the Euro-

pean Union accounted for more than half of the total value of other commercial services exported to the world. “Other business

services” and fi nancial services accounted for 67 per cent of EU exports. The United States continued to be the second-largest

exporter. However, its share of world exports declined to 15 per cent in 2007 from 20 per cent in 2000. The highest export and

import growth was recorded by China and Russia.

China 22%

India 13%

Korea, Rep. of 8%

Malaysia 6%

Hong Kong, China 5%

Thailand 4%

Indonesia 4%Other

economies 38%

Chart III.3

(Percentage)

Australia – Exports of education-related travel by partner, 2007

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Building infrastructure

Construction

World construction exports totalled $60 billion in

2006, representing about 4 per cent of other commer-

cial services exports. Since 2000, construction exports

have grown by an annual average of 11 per cent. The

European Union, Japan, the United States, Russia and

China account for approximately 80 per cent of world

construction exports.

In 2006, growth of exports of construction from the

European Union and China were below the world average.

In contrast, Japan recorded growth of 24 per cent, while

Russia and the United States registered an increase of

around 40 per cent. Russia's construction exports have

grown by an annual average of 53 per cent since 2000.

With exports of $3.5 billion, construction was the sec-

ond-largest exported other commercial service in Russia

in 2007. Russian construction companies are active in

building oil production facilities and power plants abroad.

In 2006, more than one-third of construction work was

carried out in EU countries, (mainly Germany, Austria and

Cyprus), Turkey, Japan and Tajikistan.

Japan's construction sector is particularly active in

the Middle East, undertaking a number of projects in

the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia where the

demand for infrastructure, hotels and industrial buildings

is very high. Asian economies, especially Thailand, Chi-

nese Taipei, Indonesia and Viet Nam, represented one-

third of Japan's construction exports in 2007.

Extra-EU(27) exports are less concentrated. Some 23 per cent are destined for Africa (of which, one-third go to Nigeria) and

18 per cent to the Middle East. Much of the construction work carried out in Africa and Central Asian countries is related to

the energy and tourism sectors. Asian economies (mainly China and India) attract 14 per cent of construction undertaken by

EU construction enterprises. Germany is the leading supplier of construction, accounting on average for over 40 per cent of EU

exports.

Japan 15% United States 9%

Russia 5%

China 5%

Other economies 18%

Intra-EU (27) 23%

Extra-EU (27)25%

Chart III.4

(Percentage)

World exports of construction by economy, 2006

0.0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

Chart III.5

(Billion dollars)

Russian Federation – Exports of construction, 2007

Chart III.6 Japan and Extra-EU(27) – Exports of construction by destination, 2006

(Percentage)

Japan Extra-EU (27)

Asia 36%

Europe 5%Africa 3%North America 4%South & Central America 2%CIS 3%

Middle East 47%

Asia 14%

OtherEurope 14%

Africa 23%North America 10%

Unallocated 5%South & Central America 7%

CIS 9%

Middle East 18%

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In 2006, Chinese building companies were engaged in Asian and African countries, working on the construction of electric

power plants, oil pipelines, housing and other infrastructure projects.

These fi gures do not take into account the large amount of construction services provided through foreign affi liates. Sales of

construction in foreign countries by affi liates of U.S. fi rms reached $13.9 billion in 2005. By comparison, the value of construc-

tion exports in the U.S. Balance of Payments was only $3.8 billion in 2005. Within the European Union, Germany's sales of

construction through foreign affi liates reached $16.2 billion in 2005, a 12 per cent increase. Sales of construction by the affi liates

of Japanese construction enterprises established abroad totalled around $4.4 billion in 2004.

Transactions are concentrated in developed economies

Royalties and licence fees

World receipts of royalties and licence fees amounted

to $155 billion in 2006. This represents about 11 per cent

of world exports of “other commercial services". World

receipts have grown by an annual average of 10 per cent

since 2000. However, in recent years these growth rates

have been declining, from 29 per cent in 2004 to 12

per cent in 2005 and 5 per cent in 2006. In 2006, US

national authorities registered 173,000 patents attributed

to residents and non-residents. During the same period

trademarks registered in the United States amounted to

154,000 while the European Union registered 71,000.

EU receipts rose twice as fast as North America's,

resulting in North America's share dropping from 54 to

43 per cent. Nevertheless, in 2006 the major recipient

of royalties and licence fees remained the United States, followed by the EU(27), Japan, Switzerland, Canada and the Republic

of Korea, which collectively amassed approximately 95 per cent of world receipts. Three-quarters of transactions were carried

out between these countries (including intra-EU(27). The largest payments within the EU were made by Ireland, with half going

to the United States and nearly a third to other EU countries, mainly the Netherlands.

Business, professional and technical services

A dynamic sector

Business, professional and technical services are

among the most thriving services sectors in developed

countries. These services range from legal to manage-

ment services, and from architectural to advertising serv-

ices. In 2005 there were 3.7 million enterprises engaged

in the production of these services in the EU(27), employ-

ing over 18 million people and generating $1,628 billion in

turnover and $842 billion in value added, more than 6 per

cent of GDP. With around $257 billion worth of exports in

2006, the European Union was the leading world exporter

of business, professional and technical services. Extra-

EU (27) exports represented $121 billion. Architectural

engineering and other technical consultancy services (19

United States 41%

Japan 13%

Switzerland 5%Canada 2%Korea, Rep. of 1%

Other 5%

European Union (27)33%

Chart III.7

(Percentage)

World receipts of royalties and licence fees, 2006

2004 2005 2006 2007

10.0

8.0

6.0

4.0

2.0

0.0

12.0

(Billion dollars)

Chart III.8Brazil – Exports of business, professional and technical services, 2004-2007

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per cent), legal, accounting, management, consulting and public relations services (18 per cent) and research and development

services (16 per cent) were the largest services sectors exported to extra-EU countries. The United States and Switzerland were

the main export markets, absorbing more than half of the exports bound for non-EU states.

The United States is the second-largest exporter of business, professional and technical services, with $61 billion worth of

exports. In 2006, over 16 million people were employed in this sector in the United States, more than in manufacturing, gener-

ating $1,414 billion in value added, around 11 per cent of GDP.

In certain developing economies such as India and Brazil, business, professional and technical services have become one of

the main export sectors. In 2006, they accounted for 42 per cent of Brazil's total commercial services exports. In 2007, they

accounted for 45 per cent of Brazil's total commercial services exports, totalling $10 billion. Architectural, engineering and other

technical consultancy services was the largest sector, followed by legal services.

Audiovisual services

EU exports decline

In 2006, EU exports of audiovisual services decreased

by 9 per cent. Since 2004, exports have declined by an

annual average of 8 per cent.

Within the European Union, the largest exporters of

audiovisual services are the United Kingdom and France,

which together account for 41 per cent of EU audiovisual

services exports. The United Kingdom's receipts from

these services declined by 7 per cent in 2006, partly due

to lower receipts for the United Kingdom fi lm industry.

French exports of audiovisual services lost 32 percent-

age points. Receipts from French fi lms distributed in

other countries decreased by 15 per cent as audience

numbers declined.

2004 2005 20060

1,000

2,000

3,000

4,000

5,000

6,000

8,000

7,000

Chart III.9

(Million dollars)

EU(27) – Exports of audiovisual services by destination, 2004-2006

ExtraIntra

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1. Overview

Table III.1

(Billion dollars and percentage)

2007 2000 2004 2005 2006 2007

ExportsAll commercial services 3290 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Transportation services 750 23.5 23.1 23.3 22.6 22.8Travel 855 32.0 28.8 27.7 27.0 26.0Other commercial services 1685 44.5 48.1 49.0 50.4 51.2

ImportsAll commercial services 3085 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Transportation services 890 28.8 28.3 29.1 28.9 28.9Travel 775 29.7 27.7 26.9 25.9 25.2Other commercial services 1415 41.5 44.0 44.1 45.1 45.9

Share

World trade in commercial services by category, 2007

Note : For more information on asymmetries, see the Metadata, Section II.2.

Value

Table III.2

Growth of commercial services exports by category and by region, 1990-2007

(Annual percentage change)

World North America

South and Central America Europe CIS Africa Middle East Asia

Commercial services1990-95 8 8 9 - - ... ... ...1995-00 5 7 6 ... ... ... ... 42000-07 12 7 10 13 21 ... 13 13

2005 12 11 20 10 20 ... 17 152006 12 9 14 11 24 13 17 162007 18 13 17 20 27 22 13 19

Transportation services1990-95 6 4 7 - - ... ... 111995-00 3 3 1 3 ... ... ... 32000-07 12 6 11 12 16 ... 14 12

2005 13 12 20 12 17 ... 18 142006 9 10 10 7 17 17 11 112007 19 12 15 21 20 31 16 20

Travel1990-95 9 7 10 - - 9 ... ...1995-00 3 6 7 2 ... 6 ... 22000-07 9 3 7 10 20 14 9 12

2005 7 8 13 5 11 15 18 92006 9 5 11 8 24 12 13 162007 14 10 12 15 28 17 10 18

Other commercial services1990-95 10 12 10 - - ... ... 161995-00 7 11 9 ... ... ... ... 62000-07 14 10 14 16 28 ... 15 15

2005 14 12 32 12 35 ... 15 192006 16 12 20 15 32 10 23 202007 20 16 26 22 36 23 12 19

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2. Transportation services

(Billion dollars and percentage)

2007 2000 2007 2000-07 2005 2006 2007

ExportsWorld 750 100.0 100.0 12 13 9 19North America 91 17.1 12.1 6 12 10 12South and Central America 21 2.9 2.8 11 20 10 15Europe 372 47.8 49.6 12 12 7 21

European Union (27) 337 42.5 45.0 12 11 7 21Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 25 2.5 3.3 16 17 17 20Africa 23 2.2 3.0 ... ... 17 31Middle East 18 2.1 2.4 14 18 11 16Asia 201 25.4 26.8 12 14 11 20

ImportsWorld 890 100.0 100.0 11 14 11 18North America 117 18.4 13.2 6 13 7 4South and Central America 37 4.8 4.2 9 20 16 22Europe 351 38.9 39.4 12 10 9 19

European Union (27) 321 35.6 36.0 12 10 10 18Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 19 1.0 2.1 25 28 38 33Africa 45 3.4 5.0 ... ... 16 27Middle East 49 4.5 5.5 15 24 11 26Asia 273 29.0 30.7 12 16 13 18

Table III.3

World trade in transportation services by region, 2007

Note : For more information on asymmetries, see the Metadata, Section II.2.

Annual percentage changeValue Share

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(Billion dollars and percentage)

2007 2000 2007 2000-07 2005 2006 2007

ExportersEuropean Union (27) 337.2 42.5 45.0 12 11 7 21 Extra-EU (27) exports 163.3 ... 21.8 ... 12 7 18United States 77.2 14.5 10.3 6 12 10 13Japan 42.0 7.4 5.6 7 11 5 12Korea, Republic of 33.8 3.9 4.5 14 6 8 31China 31.3 1.1 4.2 36 28 36 49Hong Kong, China 23.6 3.7 3.2 9 17 10 5Singapore 23.1 3.4 3.1 10 12 9 10Norway 18.9 2.8 2.5 10 17 -1 18Russian Federation 11.8 1.0 1.6 19 17 11 17Canada 11.7 2.2 1.6 6 14 10 9India 8.8 0.6 1.2 24 31 33 16Australia 7.2 1.2 1.0 8 7 3 14Malaysia 7.0 0.8 0.9 14 27 4 66Egypt 6.9 0.8 0.9 15 18 16 27Taipei, Chinese 6.8 1.2 0.9 7 12 6 9

Above 15 650.0 87.0 86.4 - - - -Importers

European Union (27) 321.2 35.6 36.0 12 10 10 18 Extra-EU (27) imports 140.1 ... 15.7 ... 10 11 15United States 95.7 15.7 10.7 6 12 5 3Japan 49.0 8.0 5.5 6 3 6 14China 43.3 2.5 4.9 23 16 21 26India 31.1 2.1 3.5 20 52 25 23Korea, Republic of 29.9 2.6 3.4 15 14 15 29Singapore 25.9 3.1 2.9 11 14 11 13Canada 18.9 2.2 2.1 11 18 17 12Thailand 17.9 1.6 2.0 15 33 13 10United Arab Emirates a 15.6 1.1 1.8 ... 26 21 ...Australia 13.1 1.5 1.5 11 11 5 16Norway 12.9 1.2 1.4 14 14 2 30Hong Kong, China 12.7 1.5 1.4 11 20 11 10Malaysia 11.0 1.4 1.2 9 7 14 15Taipei, Chinese 10.3 1.5 1.2 7 4 7 14

Above 15 710.0 81.6 79.4 - - - -

a Secretariat estimate.

Annual percentage change

Leading exporters and importers of transportation services, 2007

Table III.4

Value Share

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Table III.5

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006

European Union (27) World 279604 100.0 9 11 7 World 271845 100.0 10 10 10European Union (25) 139968 50.1 9 11 7 European Union (25) 148125 54.5 9 9 9United States 40303 14.4 10 19 2 United States 25738 9.5 8 15 2Switzerland 9305 3.3 10 11 10 Switzerland 7936 2.9 14 17 11Japan 6616 2.4 2 -1 5 Russian Federation 6613 2.4 27 29 25China 5665 2.0 17 29 7 China 6385 2.3 21 23 18

Above 5 201858 72.2 - - - Above 5 194797 71.7 - - -Norway 4632 1.7 5 -5 15 Japan 5712 2.1 3 4 2Russian Federation 4362 1.6 20 31 10 Norway 5143 1.9 -2 -13 11Hong Kong, China 3797 1.4 2 7 -3 Hong Kong, China 3791 1.4 10 9 11Canada 3673 1.3 11 -2 25 Turkey 3711 1.4 17 21 13Singapore 3445 1.2 16 19 13 Singapore 3168 1.2 7 -2 16Korea, Republic of 3246 1.2 11 4 18 Korea, Republic of 2817 1.0 10 4 16Australia 3066 1.1 9 22 -3 Canada 2519 0.9 10 0 22India 2742 1.0 22 48 0 Egypt 1970 0.7 19 40 1Brazil 2678 1.0 29 54 8 Brazil 1843 0.7 14 16 12Turkey 2161 0.8 18 24 12 India 1730 0.6 13 20 7

Above 15 235658 84.3 - - - Above 15 227201 83.6 - - -United States

World 68483 100.0 11 12 10 World 92785 100.0 8 12 5European Union (25) 21321 31.1 10 12 7 European Union (25) 34895 37.6 10 14 5Japan 7556 11.0 5 20 -7 Japan 8055 8.7 7 12 3Canada 6284 9.2 10 9 10 Taipei, Chinese 5458 5.9 11 16 5Mexico 3522 5.1 19 20 18 Canada 5098 5.5 7 5 8China 2848 4.2 17 4 30 Korea, Republic of 4671 5.0 7 10 4

Above 5 41530 60.6 - - - Above 5 58177 62.7 - - -Korea, Republic of 2820 4.1 5 -3 14 China 3899 4.2 7 5 9Taipei, Chinese 2586 3.8 13 12 14 Hong Kong, China 3261 3.5 27 25 30Brazil 1484 2.2 20 26 15 Mexico 1882 2.0 -1 -1 0Hong Kong, China 1361 2.0 21 12 30 Singapore 1669 1.8 8 5 11India 1119 1.6 85 27 170 Switzerland 1374 1.5 10 17 4Switzerland 944 1.4 0 -7 7 Norway 1364 1.5 0 0 0Israel 942 1.4 -2 -14 11 Bermuda 1327 1.4 8 22 -4Australia 926 1.4 6 11 2 Australia 1277 1.4 8 12 6Singapore 758 1.1 9 0 18 Israel 944 1.0 0 8 -7Norway 746 1.1 15 25 5 New Zealand 754 0.8 6 2 10

Above 15 55216 80.6 - - - Above 15 75928 81.8 - - -Japan

World 37648 100.0 8 11 5 World 42835 100.0 5 3 6European Union (25) 8258 21.9 ... ... 1 European Union (25) 9454 22.1 ... ... 2United States 7494 19.9 2 6 -2 United States 5533 12.9 3 12 -4China 3152 8.4 18 21 14 Singapore 3314 7.7 9 3 15Korea, Republic of 2718 7.2 15 16 13 Hong Kong, China 3206 7.5 5 13 -2Hong Kong, China 2582 6.9 3 17 -8 China 2831 6.6 42 63 23

Above 5 24204 64.3 - - - Above 5 24338 56.8 - - -Singapore 2332 6.2 23 19 28 Korea, Republic of 2769 6.5 8 11 5Taipei, Chinese 2229 5.9 15 13 18 Taipei, Chinese 1199 2.8 14 30 0Thailand 1165 3.1 27 28 25 Australia 922 2.2 -14 -16 -12Australia 640 1.7 -11 -1 -20 Philippines 665 1.6 26 33 19Indonesia 610 1.6 10 17 3 Thailand 534 1.2 7 8 6Malaysia 506 1.3 20 18 22 Malaysia 463 1.1 -5 -22 15Canada 484 1.3 10 12 8 Switzerland 426 1.0 -4 -10 3Switzerland 397 1.1 15 23 8 Canada 367 0.9 -5 5 -13Philippines 388 1.0 1 13 -9 United Arab Emirates 334 0.8 108 115 100United Arab Emirates 277 0.7 1 -18 25 South Africa 316 0.7 22 17 28

Above 15 33233 88.3 - - - Above 15 32335 75.5 - - -

Trade in transportation services of selected economies by origin and destination, 2006

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

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Table III.5 (continued)

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006

Korea, Republic of a World 25807 100.0 7 6 8 World 23133 100.0 14 14 15United States 5452 21.1 3 7 -2 United States 5638 24.4 16 2 31China 4480 17.4 13 17 10 European Union (25) 5493 23.7 16 10 22European Union (25) 3813 14.8 9 4 15 Japan 2901 12.5 7 9 5Japan 2495 9.7 4 6 3 China 1947 8.4 28 40 16

Above 4 16240 62.9 - - - Above 4 15978 69.1 - - -Hong Kong, China

World 22423 100.0 14 17 10 World 11616 100.0 16 20 11United States 4243 18.9 16 17 15 China 2916 25.1 14 19 10European Union (25) 3528 15.7 12 12 13 European Union (25) 2020 17.4 18 18 17China 3304 14.7 9 18 1 United States 1209 10.4 22 30 14Taipei, Chinese 2915 13.0 8 12 4 Japan 945 8.1 16 27 7Japan 2525 11.3 14 13 14 Singapore 875 7.5 46 24 73

Above 5 16515 73.7 - - - Above 5 7965 68.6 - - -Australia 1123 5.0 60 87 37 Australia 593 5.1 5 21 -9Korea, Republic of 739 3.3 1 -12 17 Taipei, Chinese 556 4.8 16 19 13Canada 616 2.7 21 17 24 Thailand 278 2.4 10 13 7Malaysia 416 1.9 13 5 21 India 267 2.3 28 40 17Israel 353 1.6 73 26 137 Korea, Republic of 255 2.2 10 9 11Singapore 337 1.5 11 64 -24 United Arab Emirates 238 2.0 23 39 8Switzerland 239 1.1 9 -3 23 Canada 238 2.0 6 10 3United Arab Emirates 235 1.0 18 65 -16 Malaysia 173 1.5 14 25 4Thailand 233 1.0 4 -3 12 Philippines 125 1.1 11 25 -2India 214 1.0 28 105 -20 Indonesia 109 0.9 24 30 18

Above 15 21020 93.7 - - - Above 15 10797 93.0 - - -Singapore b, c

World 20975 100.0 10 12 9 World 22947 100.0 13 14 11European Union (25) 3205 15.3 6 -2 15 United States 2731 11.9 -1 1 -2United States 2731 13.0 2 12 -7 European Union (25) 2273 9.9 12 17 7Japan 1741 8.3 6 3 9 Japan 861 3.8 11 16 7Australia 1572 7.5 12 15 8 China 696 3.0 -2 9 -12China 1242 5.9 8 11 5 Hong Kong, China 500 2.2 8 5 12

Above 5 10492 50.0 - - - Above 5 7061 30.8 - - -Korea, Republic of 693 3.3 8 20 -2 Korea, Republic of 409 1.8 9 15 4Hong Kong, China 633 3.0 28 36 20 Australia 384 1.7 6 8 5

Above 7 11817 56.3 - - - Above 7 7854 34.2 - - -Russian Federation d

World 10082 100.0 14 17 11 World 6722 100.0 32 32 31European Union (25) 3190 31.6 9 12 6 European Union (25) 1404 20.9 18 14 22Switzerland 696 6.9 14 22 7 Ukraine 228 3.4 ... ... 20United States 446 4.4 15 32 0 Belarus 205 3.1 33 14 54Kazakhstan 397 3.9 94 8 250 Switzerland 155 2.3 11 18 5China 342 3.4 12 11 12 United States 144 2.1 12 -1 28

Above 5 5072 50.3 - - - Above 5 2137 31.8 - - -British Virgin Islands 310 3.1 31 51 14 Kazakhstan 102 1.5 24 19 29Ukraine 299 3.0 ... ... 101 British Virgin Islands 99 1.5 124 130 119Japan 278 2.8 10 27 -5 Uzbekistan 89 1.3 ... ... 43Korea, Republic of 241 2.4 12 8 17 China 87 1.3 43 53 33Canada 240 2.4 128 2 409 United Arab Emirates 85 1.3 62 65 58Turkey 200 2.0 6 -7 20 Turkey 85 1.3 25 23 27Belarus 105 1.0 40 37 42 Korea, Republic of 78 1.2 34 30 39Azerbaijan 96 0.9 ... ... 189 Hong Kong, China 57 0.8 92 271 -1Uzbekistan 86 0.9 ... ... 67 Tajikistan 51 0.8 95 124 70Panama 81 0.8 25 52 2 Azerbaijan 49 0.7 ... ... 48

Above 15 7007 69.5 - - - Above 15 2918 43.4 - - -

d In 2006, trade in transportation services not allocated geographically accounted for 10 per cent of exports and 47 per cent of imports.Note: For more information on asymmetries, see the Metadata, Section II.2.

a In 2006, trade in transportation services not allocated geographically accounted for 10 per cent of exports and 7 per cent of imports.b Imports of transportation freight services on goods imports are not allocated geographically.c In 2006, ASEAN countries accounted for 12 per cent of transportation services exports and 6 per cent of imports.

Trade in transportation services of selected economies by origin and destination, 2006

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

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3. Travel

(Billion dollars and percentage)

2007 2000 2007 2000-07 2005 2006 2007

ExportsWorld 855 100.0 100.0 9 7 9 14North America 147 24.7 17.2 3 8 5 10South and Central America 38 4.9 4.5 7 13 11 12Europe 414 46.0 48.3 10 5 8 15

European Union (27) 366 41.8 42.7 9 4 9 15Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 17 1.0 2.0 20 11 24 28Africa 37 3.1 4.4 14 15 12 17Middle East 25 2.8 2.9 9 18 13 10Asia 178 17.5 20.7 12 9 16 18

ImportsWorld 775 100.0 100.0 9 8 8 14North America 115 19.7 14.8 4 7 6 9South and Central America 24 3.5 3.1 7 21 14 26Europe 389 47.7 50.1 10 7 6 15

European Union (27) 357 44.6 45.9 9 6 5 15Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 29 2.5 3.7 15 13 6 20Africa 18 1.9 2.4 ... ... 17 24Middle East 40 3.5 5.1 15 18 27 16Asia 162 21.3 20.8 8 7 8 12

Table III.6

World trade in travel by region, 2007

Note : For more information on asymmetries, see the Metadata, Section II.2.

Annual percentage changeValue Share

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(Billion dollars and percentage)

2007 2000 2007 2000-07 2005 2006 2007

ExportersEuropean Union (27) 366.2 41.8 42.7 9 4 9 15 Extra-EU (27) exports 105.0 ... 12.3 ... 6 10 17United States 118.8 20.7 13.9 3 8 5 11China 37.2 3.4 4.3 13 14 16 10Australia 22.3 2.0 2.6 13 11 6 25Turkey 18.5 1.6 2.2 13 14 -7 10Canada 15.6 2.3 1.8 5 7 7 6Thailand 15.6 1.6 1.8 11 -5 40 16Hong Kong, China 13.7 1.2 1.6 13 14 13 18Macao, China a 13.5 0.6 1.6 ... 7 23 ...Malaysia 12.9 1.1 1.5 14 8 18 24Mexico 12.9 1.8 1.5 7 9 3 6Switzerland 11.8 1.4 1.4 9 5 5 11India 11.1 0.7 1.3 18 21 19 24Russian Federation 9.6 0.7 1.1 16 6 30 26Japan 9.3 0.9 1.1 11 10 28 10

Above 15 690.0 81.8 80.4 - - - -Importers

European Union (27) 356.8 44.6 45.9 9 6 5 15 Extra-EU (27) imports 129.0 ... 16.6 ... 5 4 19United States 81.6 15.6 10.5 3 5 5 6China 29.8 3.0 3.8 12 14 12 22Japan 26.5 5.4 3.4 2 -2 -2 -1Canada 25.1 2.9 3.2 11 14 13 22Russian Federation 22.3 2.1 2.9 14 14 5 22Korea, Republic of 20.9 1.7 2.7 17 25 22 11Hong Kong, China 15.1 2.9 1.9 3 0 6 7Australia 14.3 1.5 1.8 12 10 4 22Norway 14.0 1.1 1.8 17 19 15 21Singapore 11.2 1.1 1.4 14 8 4 8Switzerland 10.9 1.3 1.4 11 9 12 10United Arab Emirates a 10.1 0.7 1.3 ... 38 43 ...Taipei, Chinese 9.1 1.9 1.2 2 6 1 4India 8.8 0.6 1.1 19 25 22 20

Above 15 655.0 86.2 84.5 - - - -

a Secretariat estimate.

Annual percentage change

Leading exporters and importers of travel, 2007

Table III.7

Value Share

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Table III.8

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006

European Union (27) World 319548 100.0 6 4 9 World 309890 100.0 6 6 5European Union (25) 227152 71.1 6 3 8 European Union (25) 198402 64.0 6 6 6United States 25168 7.9 7 6 9 United States 20907 6.7 1 2 1Switzerland 13568 4.2 0 -4 5 Switzerland 8747 2.8 4 5 3Norway 7608 2.4 23 26 19 Turkey 8067 2.6 2 16 -10Russian Federation 4051 1.3 18 15 21 Croatia 4282 1.4 12 12 11

Above 5 277546 86.9 - - - Above 5 240405 77.6 - - -Canada 3636 1.1 14 15 14 Australia 3673 1.2 12 9 14Australia 3486 1.1 11 12 10 Egypt 3548 1.1 2 10 -6Japan 3114 1.0 0 -4 4 Thailand 3494 1.1 21 11 32China 2392 0.7 29 30 29 Canada 3443 1.1 5 2 8Brazil 1433 0.4 31 33 28 China 3088 1.0 23 43 6Mexico 1385 0.4 5 -7 19 Norway 2530 0.8 4 10 -2Turkey 1267 0.4 25 29 20 Russian Federation 2519 0.8 6 7 5India 1110 0.3 7 -7 22 Morocco 2413 0.8 10 0 21South Africa 964 0.3 14 30 1 South Africa 2258 0.7 9 8 10Croatia 928 0.3 10 9 10 India 2104 0.7 7 11 3

Above 15 297260 93.0 - - - Above 15 269475 87.0 - - -United States a

World 106736 100.0 6 8 5 World 76807 100.0 5 5 5European Union (25) 26474 24.8 5 10 0 European Union (25) 22841 29.7 2 7 -3Japan 12224 11.5 5 25 -11 Mexico 10281 13.4 4 6 2Canada 11106 10.4 13 13 13 Canada 7419 9.7 0 -2 2Mexico 7500 7.0 7 8 6 Japan 3048 4.0 10 13 7Korea, Republic of 4238 4.0 13 17 9 China 2318 3.0 16 29 5

Above 5 61542 57.7 - - - Above 5 45907 59.8 - - -India 3860 3.6 13 16 10 India 2190 2.9 39 34 44China 3236 3.0 22 25 19 Australia 1371 1.8 1 4 -1Australia 2559 2.4 9 8 11 Hong Kong, China 1183 1.5 7 7 8Brazil 2128 2.0 17 13 21 Korea, Republic of 1030 1.3 6 11 1Taipei, Chinese 1585 1.5 5 7 4 Taipei, Chinese 922 1.2 11 18 4Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 1461 1.4 9 2 16 Brazil 788 1.0 5 -1 12Israel 1059 1.0 8 10 5 Thailand 736 1.0 14 25 5Switzerland 805 0.8 7 2 13 New Zealand 641 0.8 3 0 6Hong Kong, China 671 0.6 11 16 7 Argentina 619 0.8 28 17 40Philippines 636 0.6 5 6 3 Switzerland 581 0.8 16 1 32

Above 15 79540 74.5 - - - Above 15 55967 72.9 - - -Australia

World 17854 100.0 8 11 6 World 11690 100.0 7 10 4European Union (25) 3778 21.2 6 7 4 European Union (25) 3224 27.6 6 10 2China 2175 12.2 17 27 8 United States 1589 13.6 8 15 2New Zealand 1426 8.0 5 14 -3 New Zealand 1087 9.3 2 -1 6Japan 1327 7.4 -3 4 -10 Thailand 554 4.7 21 11 34United States 1097 6.1 7 0 14 China 499 4.3 15 22 9

Above 5 9804 54.9 - - - Above 5 6953 59.5 - - -Korea, Republic of 1085 6.1 22 20 25 Fiji 481 4.1 15 20 10India 952 5.3 33 47 21 Hong Kong, China 347 3.0 15 21 9Hong Kong, China 711 4.0 0 6 -5 Canada 336 2.9 6 13 0Malaysia 676 3.8 2 8 -4 Singapore 319 2.7 12 15 9Singapore 598 3.3 3 5 1 Malaysia 273 2.3 8 12 4Indonesia 500 2.8 -2 -5 1 Indonesia 262 2.2 -29 -7 -46Thailand 421 2.4 5 6 4 Viet Nam 243 2.1 9 14 4Canada 367 2.1 15 13 17 Japan 223 1.9 5 9 0Taipei, Chinese 306 1.7 0 9 -8 India 211 1.8 20 24 17Viet Nam 184 1.0 22 23 20 Philippines 165 1.4 4 3 5

Above 15 15603 87.4 - - - Above 15 9813 83.9 - - -

Trade in travel of selected economies by origin and destination, 2006

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

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Table III.8 (continued)

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006

Hong Kong, ChinaWorld 11637 100.0 14 14 13 World 14043 100.0 3 0 6China 6477 55.7 12 10 13 China 4323 30.8 3 1 5European Union (25) 815 7.0 19 24 14 European Union (25) 1788 12.7 10 9 12United States 676 5.8 5 12 -1 United States 1660 11.8 5 2 8Taipei, Chinese 547 4.7 17 17 17 Australia 1282 9.1 4 3 5Japan 526 4.5 9 11 6 Japan 1080 7.7 6 -7 20

Above 5 9041 77.7 - - - Above 5 10133 72.2 - - -Australia 354 3.0 23 29 17 Canada 693 4.9 0 -3 4Singapore 300 2.6 17 19 15 Thailand 605 4.3 -4 -9 1Korea, Republic of 265 2.3 30 32 27 Taipei, Chinese 583 4.2 2 4 0Philippines 209 1.8 18 16 19 Macao, China 422 3.0 8 6 10Thailand 191 1.6 13 17 9 Singapore 343 2.4 9 28 -7Malaysia 173 1.5 17 13 22 Korea, Republic of 242 1.7 -18 1 -33Canada 172 1.5 14 14 14 Malaysia 177 1.3 -1 5 -7Indonesia 166 1.4 19 15 24 Philippines 171 1.2 -4 -8 1Macao, China 159 1.4 27 28 27 New Zealand 141 1.0 3 -2 8India 139 1.2 19 27 12 Indonesia 103 0.7 11 6 17

Above 15 11169 96.0 - - - Above 15 13613 96.9 - - -Japan

World 8470 100.0 19 10 28 World 26876 100.0 -2 -2 -2China 2154 25.4 ... -27 ... United States 7660 28.5 ... -4 ...Korea, Republic of 1528 18.0 ... 38 ... European Union (25) 4167 15.5 ... ... ...Taipei, Chinese 1409 16.6 ... -30 ... Korea, Republic of 2568 9.6 ... -5 ...United States 829 9.8 ... 2 ... China 2221 8.3 ... 11 ...European Union (25) 746 8.8 ... ... ... Australia 1462 5.4 ... -3 ...

Above 5 6666 78.7 - - - Above 5 18077 67.3 - - -Hong Kong, China 359 4.2 ... 23 ... Taipei, Chinese 1122 4.2 ... -3 ...Australia 187 2.2 ... 17 ... Thailand 1028 3.8 ... -10 ...Canada 164 1.9 ... 17 ... Hong Kong, China 933 3.5 ... -7 ...Thailand 148 1.7 ... 69 ... Canada 613 2.3 ... 32 ...Singapore 123 1.5 ... 60 ... Indonesia 514 1.9 ... -21 ...Malaysia 114 1.3 ... 64 ... Singapore 498 1.9 ... 4 ...Philippines 101 1.2 ... 41 ... Philippines 399 1.5 ... -10 ...Indonesia 72 0.9 ... 66 ... Malaysia 291 1.1 ... 5 ...India 65 0.8 ... 70 ... New Zealand 258 1.0 ... -6 ...Russian Federation 64 0.8 ... 47 ... Switzerland 228 0.8 ... -13 ...

Above 15 8062 95.2 - - - Above 15 23962 89.2 - - -Russian Federation b

World 7628 100.0 17 6 30 World 18235 100.0 9 14 5European Union (25) 2786 36.5 6 3 9 European Union (25) 7716 42.3 6 11 1Ukraine 935 12.3 ... ... 32 Turkey 1883 10.3 0 15 -12United States 462 6.1 13 -8 39 Egypt 1259 6.9 33 33 33China 400 5.2 19 -6 52 Ukraine 1253 6.9 ... ... -16Turkey 361 4.7 39 26 54 China 920 5.0 7 6 8

Above 5 4944 64.8 - - - Above 5 13031 71.5 - - -Kazakhstan 334 4.4 11 21 2 United States 429 2.4 10 8 12Uzbekistan 322 4.2 ... ... 186 United Arab Emirates 414 2.3 8 -1 18Tajikistan 302 4.0 63 -9 191 Kazakhstan 407 2.2 26 33 19Azerbaijan 204 2.7 ... ... 32 Switzerland 332 1.8 5 2 8Moldova 200 2.6 ... ... 95 Thailand 280 1.5 32 -15 107Armenia 150 2.0 ... ... 55 Israel 267 1.5 4 22 -11Japan 122 1.6 7 -5 22 Bulgaria 250 1.4 15 9 21Kyrgyz Republic 114 1.5 57 7 131 Georgia 210 1.2 ... ... 24Belarus 112 1.5 22 -8 61 Japan 173 0.9 -7 -4 -11Korea, Republic of 95 1.2 7 -1 17 Serbia and Montenegro 160 0.9 66 55 76

Above 15 6899 90.4 - - - Above 15 15952 87.5 - - -

Trade in travel of selected economies by origin and destination, 2006

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

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Table III.8 (continued)

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006

Korea, Republic of cWorld 5788 100.0 -2 -4 0 World 18851 100.0 24 25 22Japan 1901 32.8 -13 -14 -12 United States 5038 26.7 28 33 24China 956 16.5 13 5 22 Japan 3419 18.1 26 25 27United States 899 15.5 10 10 11 China 2689 14.3 24 33 15European Union (25) 464 8.0 3 6 -1 European Union (25) 1582 8.4 23 29 17

Above 4 4219 72.9 - - - Above 4 12727 67.5 - - -

a Health-related expenditure and expenditure by seasonal and border workers are not allocated geographically. In 2006, they accounted for 6 per cent of travel exports and 0.5 per cent of imports.b In 2006, trade in travel not allocated geographically accounted for 1 per cent of exports and 5 per cent of imports.

Note: For more information on asymmetries, see the Metadata, Section II.2.c In 2006, trade in travel not allocated geographically accounted for 12 per cent of exports and 14 per cent of imports.

Trade in travel of selected economies by origin and destination, 2006

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

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4. Other commercial services

(Billion dollars and percentage)

2007 2000 2007 2000-07 2005 2006 2007

ExportsWorld 1685 100.0 100.0 14 14 16 20North America 297 23.5 17.7 10 12 12 16South and Central America 33 2.0 2.0 14 32 20 26Europe 918 50.1 54.5 16 12 15 22

European Union (27) 846 45.1 50.2 16 12 15 22Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 24 0.6 1.4 28 35 32 36Africa 18 1.4 1.1 ... ... 10 25Middle East 34 2.0 2.0 15 15 23 12Asia 361 20.4 21.4 15 19 20 19

ImportsWorld 1415 100.0 100.0 13 11 14 20North America 208 17.7 14.7 10 8 13 13South and Central America 37 3.2 2.6 10 25 14 16Europe 720 48.0 50.8 14 11 12 20

European Union (27) 683 45.6 48.2 14 10 13 20Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 43 1.6 3.1 24 19 19 37Africa 39 2.6 2.8 ... ... 15 24Middle East 44 2.5 3.1 17 15 25 33Asia 325 24.5 22.9 12 11 17 20

Table III.9

World trade in other commercial services by region, 2007

Note : For more information on asymmetries, see the Metadata, Section II.2.

Annual percentage changeValue Share

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(Billion dollars and percentage)

2007 2000 2007 2000-07 2005 2006 2007

ExportersEuropean Union (27) 846.4 45.1 50.2 16 12 15 22 Extra-EU (27) exports 398.9 ... 23.7 ... 12 17 25United States 260.4 19.7 15.5 10 12 13 17Japan 75.7 6.0 4.5 10 16 16 10India 69.8 ... 4.1 ... ... 38 19China 53.1 1.6 3.2 26 20 25 46Hong Kong, China 45.3 3.3 2.7 11 15 17 17Switzerland 44.3 2.5 2.6 15 18 12 25Singapore 35.7 1.7 2.1 18 13 13 15Canada 34.1 3.2 2.0 7 12 6 5Korea, Republic of 22.0 1.4 1.3 13 18 20 31Taipei, Chinese 19.0 1.8 1.1 7 -9 19 9Norway 17.6 0.9 1.0 17 24 34 31Russian Federation 17.6 0.4 1.0 32 37 35 34Brazil 13.5 0.9 0.8 13 33 30 33Israel 13.5 1.3 0.8 7 5 17 6

Above 15 1570.0 91.3 93.1 - - - -Importers

European Union (27) 683.1 45.6 48.2 14 10 13 20 Extra-EU (27) imports 275.9 ... 19.5 ... 10 11 22United States 158.6 12.5 11.2 11 9 15 14Japan 73.1 8.1 5.2 6 3 17 14China 56.2 2.0 4.0 24 18 26 35India 37.3 ... 2.6 ... ... 43 22Canada 36.3 3.6 2.6 8 6 8 6Singapore 33.1 2.0 2.3 16 7 17 16Korea, Republic of 31.8 2.5 2.2 12 16 16 22Russian Federation 26.2 0.8 1.8 27 18 23 39Brazil 18.0 1.2 1.3 14 43 18 21Saudi Arabia a 17.3 ... 1.2 ... ... ... ...Switzerland 16.0 0.6 1.1 22 25 -2 27Taipei, Chinese 15.9 1.9 1.1 5 5 4 8Thailand 14.9 1.0 1.0 14 14 38 24Hong Kong, China 13.2 1.0 0.9 12 12 12 17

Above 15 1230.0 85.2 86.9 - - - -

a Secretariat estimate.

Annual percentage change

Leading exporters and importers of other commercial services, 2007

Table III.10

Value Share

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Table III.11

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006

European Union (27) World 695603 100.0 13 12 15 World 567729 100.0 11 10 13European Union (25) 372499 53.6 12 12 13 European Union (25) 339150 59.7 12 11 14United States 101275 14.6 10 2 19 United States 101831 17.9 8 8 8Switzerland 43691 6.3 11 9 12 Switzerland 29753 5.2 6 12 0Japan 14169 2.0 5 13 -3 Japan 9033 1.6 15 15 16Singapore 9922 1.4 26 14 38 Norway 5372 0.9 15 14 16

Above 5 541557 77.9 - - - Above 5 485139 85.5 - - -Russian Federation 9349 1.3 34 44 24 China 4635 0.8 34 22 46Norway 8452 1.2 9 8 10 Russian Federation 4257 0.7 26 28 24China 7731 1.1 20 42 1 Singapore 4192 0.7 18 21 16Canada 5443 0.8 13 12 14 Canada 4138 0.7 12 16 8Australia 4817 0.7 19 21 18 Hong Kong, China 3962 0.7 19 6 33India 4614 0.7 68 68 67 India 3046 0.5 37 35 39Nigeria 4347 0.6 36 33 39 Australia 2377 0.4 11 21 2Hong Kong, China 4191 0.6 -2 27 -25 Brazil 2031 0.4 29 22 37Korea, Republic of 4120 0.6 16 23 9 Turkey 1908 0.3 12 7 17Turkey 3748 0.5 24 12 37 Korea, Republic of 1780 0.3 13 9 17

Above 15 598371 86.0 - - - Above 15 517464 91.1 - - -United States

World 222614 100.0 12 12 13 World 138757 100.0 12 9 15European Union (25) 90434 40.6 10 7 13 European Union (25) 59783 43.1 14 8 20Canada 21286 9.6 18 16 20 Bermuda 13499 9.7 0 -11 12Japan 20810 9.3 10 14 7 Japan 12826 9.2 12 15 8Switzerland 11193 5.0 12 9 16 Switzerland 11797 8.5 30 38 22Mexico 11061 5.0 14 22 6 Canada 11069 8.0 12 17 6

Above 5 154785 69.5 - - - Above 5 108973 78.5 - - -Australia 5478 2.5 20 11 30 India 3869 2.8 70 125 28Singapore 5228 2.3 7 1 14 Mexico 2621 1.9 11 10 12China 4641 2.1 21 27 16 Australia 2150 1.5 17 34 3Bermuda 4297 1.9 6 3 10 Hong Kong, China 1976 1.4 4 0 8Korea, Republic of 4212 1.9 15 19 10 Singapore 1769 1.3 32 76 0Brazil 3824 1.7 30 29 30 Brazil 1332 1.0 47 17 85Hong Kong, China 3181 1.4 21 21 21 China 1044 0.8 25 29 22Taipei, Chinese 2851 1.3 16 17 16 Israel 984 0.7 9 18 1India 1573 0.7 24 11 38 Korea, Republic of 739 0.5 23 25 21Saudi Arabia 1455 0.7 9 11 6 Philippines 653 0.5 22 8 37

Above 15 191525 86.0 - - - Above 15 126111 90.9 - - -Japan

World 69022 100.0 16 16 16 World 64189 100.0 10 3 17United States 23046 33.4 12 8 16 United States 28274 44.0 10 8 13European Union (25) 19193 27.8 ... ... 14 European Union (25) 14902 23.2 ... ... 17Singapore 6133 8.9 37 27 47 Singapore 2767 4.3 12 3 21Taipei, Chinese 3956 5.7 16 22 10 China 1970 3.1 15 13 16Thailand 2398 3.5 49 57 41 Switzerland 1583 2.5 15 7 23

Above 5 54725 79.3 - - - Above 5 49495 77.1 - - -China 2253 3.3 -7 21 -28 Taipei, Chinese 1322 2.1 -12 -14 -11Canada 1505 2.2 -4 6 -14 Korea, Republic of 1240 1.9 19 23 15Korea, Republic of 1328 1.9 10 32 -8 Hong Kong, China 1221 1.9 3 0 7United Arab Emirates 1228 1.8 31 8 59 Thailand 1088 1.7 38 39 38Indonesia 1150 1.7 -5 -22 16 United Arab Emirates 1007 1.6 37 -1 89Switzerland 1038 1.5 5 -20 39 Indonesia 893 1.4 10 5 15Australia 782 1.1 8 33 -12 Australia 801 1.2 18 5 32Saudi Arabia 704 1.0 121 ... ... Philippines 561 0.9 19 -5 50India 516 0.7 26 30 23 Saudi Arabia 556 0.9 22 -41 152Philippines 498 0.7 -6 6 -17 Canada 503 0.8 4 3 6

Above 15 65729 95.2 - - - Above 15 58687 91.4 - - -

Trade in other commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination, 2006

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

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Table III.11 (continued)

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006

Hong Kong, China a World 38615 100.0 16 15 17 World 11247 100.0 12 12 12United States 10404 26.9 18 14 22 United States 2620 23.3 9 12 5European Union (25) 8184 21.2 25 21 29 China 2607 23.2 9 9 9China 7856 20.3 6 6 5 European Union (25) 2027 18.0 29 25 34Japan 2115 5.5 17 14 20 Japan 1100 9.8 3 11 -4Singapore 1367 3.5 16 1 34 Singapore 739 6.6 22 12 32

Above 5 29926 77.5 - - - Above 5 9093 80.8 - - -Taipei, Chinese 1214 3.1 5 16 -5 Taipei, Chinese 327 2.9 13 15 11Korea, Republic of 916 2.4 35 27 45 Australia 221 2.0 5 -4 14Australia 459 1.2 11 5 18 Korea, Republic of 193 1.7 -4 2 -9Switzerland 451 1.2 8 6 11 Malaysia 192 1.7 42 15 76Thailand 353 0.9 32 72 1 Switzerland 177 1.6 6 -5 19Canada 345 0.9 -1 5 -6 Thailand 107 1.0 28 34 23India 267 0.7 -4 -49 80 Indonesia 99 0.9 12 23 2Indonesia 260 0.7 44 52 37 Canada 66 0.6 -4 -6 -3Malaysia 257 0.7 4 14 -5 Philippines 61 0.5 16 20 13Macao, China 214 0.6 10 46 -17 Macao, China 59 0.5 -2 10 -13

Above 15 34662 89.8 - - - Above 15 10595 94.2 - - -Singapore b, c

World 30913 100.0 13 13 13 World 28414 100.0 12 7 17United States 5004 16.2 32 21 43 United States 8055 28.3 9 11 6European Union (25) 4473 14.5 23 20 26 European Union (25) 7881 27.7 30 24 35Japan 3295 10.7 9 14 4 Japan 2946 10.4 14 -11 45Hong Kong, China 1967 6.4 9 18 0 Hong Kong, China 1244 4.4 22 13 31China 1237 4.0 1 5 -3 Australia 770 2.7 8 -4 23

Above 5 15976 51.7 - - - Above 5 20896 73.5 - - -Korea, Republic of 1221 4.0 3 15 -7 China 649 2.3 7 -11 28Australia 1131 3.7 24 37 12 Korea, Republic of 433 1.5 15 12 17

Above 7 18328 59.3 - - - Above 7 21978 77.3 - - -Korea, Republic of d

World 16787 100.0 19 18 20 World 26040 100.0 16 16 16United States 5437 32.4 11 8 14 United States 9170 35.2 17 18 16European Union (25) 3529 21.0 33 42 24 European Union (25) 4790 18.4 8 12 4Japan 2031 12.1 3 5 2 China 2842 10.9 20 17 23China 1269 7.6 28 8 51 Japan 1931 7.4 8 10 5

Above 4 12266 73.1 - - - Above 4 18733 71.9 - - -Russian Federation e

World 13156 100.0 36 37 35 World 18845 100.0 20 18 23European Union (25) 5924 45.0 33 30 37 European Union (25) 9874 52.4 34 39 29United States 1743 13.2 30 36 24 Turkey 1987 10.5 45 37 53Turkey 706 5.4 58 86 35 United States 1911 10.1 5 -19 36Switzerland 530 4.0 49 69 32 Panama 671 3.6 33 56 13Kazakhstan 350 2.7 23 16 31 Switzerland 665 3.5 14 2 28

Above 5 9253 70.3 - - - Above 5 15108 80.2 - - -Ukraine 297 2.3 ... ... 18 Ukraine 467 2.5 ... ... 31British Virgin Islands 284 2.2 28 33 23 British Virgin Islands 205 1.1 81 88 76Japan 212 1.6 56 54 57 Belarus 197 1.0 -1 -3 1Belarus 177 1.3 23 26 20 Korea, Republic of 155 0.8 151 219 98India 151 1.1 -3 -12 6 Serbia and Montenegro 153 0.8 -44 -80 59Panama 138 1.1 89 52 134 Kazakhstan 107 0.6 6 2 9Korea, Republic of 115 0.9 25 19 32 China 95 0.5 48 5 109Tajikistan 109 0.8 262 406 159 Israel 88 0.5 44 70 21China 90 0.7 11 9 13 Canada 88 0.5 42 24 63Canada 80 0.6 61 2 152 Norway 67 0.4 53 30 79

Above 15 10908 82.9 - - - Above 15 16729 88.8 - - -

a Financial intermediation services are not allocated geographically. In 2006, they accounted for 3 per cent of other commercial services exports and 1 per cent of imports.

Trade in other commercial services of selected economies by origin and destination, 2006

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

Exports Imports

e In 2006, trade in other commercial services not allocated geographically represented 5 per cent of exports and 3 per cent of imports.Note: For more information on asymmetries, see the Metadata, Section II.2.

b The following transactions are not allocated geographically: financial services exports related to foreign exchange trading and imports of insurance on goods imports.c In 2006, ASEAN countries accounted for 16 per cent of other commercial services exports and for 5 per cent of imports.d In 2006, trade in other commercial services not allocated geographically represented 10 per cent of exports and 8 per cent of imports.

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4.1. Communications services

Table III.12

World exports of communications services by region, 2006

(Billion dollars and percentage)

2006 2000 2006 2000-06 2004 2005 2006

ExportsWorld 70 100.0 100.0 13 18 19 18North America 9 20.1 13.4 6 7 13 13South and Central America 3 5.7 3.9 6 7 12 13Europe 40 49.1 56.9 16 20 18 17

European Union (27) 37 ... 53.3 ... ... 19 18Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 2 2.2 2.1 13 14 33 20Asia 10 18.9 13.7 7 14 22 6

Annual percentage changeValue Share

Rank Exporters ValueShare in 15 economies

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers ValueShare in 15 economies

Annual percentage

change

1 European Union (27) 37202 62.7 18 1 European Union (27) 36543 68.8 21 Extra-EU (27) exports 10970 18.5 21 Extra-EU (27) imports 12059 22.7 21

2 United States 6578 11.1 19 2 United States 5163 9.7 03 Kuwait a 3398 5.7 162 3 Canada 1955 3.7 -34 Canada 2302 3.9 6 4 Hong Kong, China 1072 2.0 -65 India 2191 3.7 11 5 Korea, Republic of 1012 1.9 316 Indonesia 1103 1.9 10 6 Singapore 979 1.8 107 Switzerland 1102 1.9 -7 7 Russian Federation 917 1.7 238 Hong Kong, China 834 1.4 -12 8 India 899 1.7 359 Russian Federation 803 1.4 22 9 Switzerland 803 1.5 -14

10 China 738 1.2 52 10 China 764 1.4 2711 Australia 646 1.1 3 11 Japan 732 1.4 1912 Korea, Republic of 642 1.1 45 12 Malaysia a 653 1.2 -413 Malaysia a 641 1.1 4 13 Australia 643 1.2 314 Singapore 614 1.0 10 14 Indonesia 571 1.1 1515 Philippines 575 1.0 10 15 Taipei, Chinese 393 0.7 -22

Above 15 59365 100.0 - Above 15 53100 100.0 -

Note : Based on information available to the Secretariat. See the Metadata, Section II.2.

Major exporters and importers of communications services, 2006

Table III.13

(Million dollars and percentage)

a Telecommunications services.

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4.1.1 Telecommunications services

Rank Exporters ValueShare in 15 economies

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers ValueShare in 15 economies

Annual percentage

change

1 European Union (27) 30161 65.5 20 1 European Union (27) 29978 75.7 24 Extra-EU (27) exports 8225 17.9 23 Extra-EU (27) imports 9330 23.6 20

2 United States 6257 13.6 20 2 United States 4557 11.5 13 Kuwait 3398 7.4 162 3 Russian Federation 900 2.3 254 India 1096 2.4 11 4 Malaysia 653 1.6 -45 Russian Federation 739 1.6 19 5 Korea, Republic of 613 1.5 ...6 Malaysia 641 1.4 4 6 India 450 1.1 357 Philippines 572 1.2 ... 7 Australia 403 1.0 -28 Hong Kong, China 566 1.2 -17 8 Hong Kong, China 349 0.9 -199 Mexico 466 1.0 -15 9 Israel 318 0.8 50

10 Korea, Republic of 423 0.9 ... 10 Argentina 266 0.7 1111 Turkey 416 0.9 1 11 Turkey 247 0.6 3512 Morocco 387 0.8 -13 12 South Africa 231 0.6 2613 Croatia 325 0.7 38 13 Norway 228 0.6 414 Norway 320 0.7 6 14 Lebanon 217 0.5 5615 Lebanon 305 0.7 27 15 Colombia 182 0.5 37

Above 15 46070 100.0 - Above 15 39590 100.0 -

Note : Based on information available to the Secretariat. As certain major traders in communications services do no report the item telecommunications services separately, they may not appear in the list. Transactions on telecommunications services are often reported on a net rather than a gross basis. See the Metadata, Section II.2.

Major exporters and importers of telecommunications services, 2006

Table III.14

(Million dollars and percentage)

Table III.15

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006

European Union (27) United StatesWorld 30161 100.0 19 18 20 World 6257 100.0 16 12 20European Union (25) 21723 72.0 21 23 19 European Union (25) 1610 25.7 8 3 13United States 2678 8.9 6 -3 17 Brazil 740 11.8 162 151 172Switzerland 792 2.6 4 -9 19 Canada 651 10.4 -10 -14 -6Norway 491 1.6 40 48 32 Mexico 332 5.3 12 12 11Russian Federation 299 1.0 39 18 64 Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 211 3.4 162 318 64

Above 5 25983 86.1 - - - Above 5 3544 56.6 - - -Canada 188 0.6 10 3 17 Philippines 193 3.1 46 48 43Australia 172 0.6 9 23 -3 Argentina 185 3.0 167 359 56Turkey 142 0.5 36 32 41 Switzerland 171 2.7 20 33 7Japan 137 0.5 -39 -1 -63 Korea, Republic of 144 2.3 7 12 2India 132 0.4 43 23 65 Japan 139 2.2 -7 -3 -11South Africa 122 0.4 35 12 63 Australia 122 1.9 21 28 14China 121 0.4 25 -6 66 India 107 1.7 12 5 20Hong Kong, China 117 0.4 26 37 16 China 103 1.6 8 15 2Brazil 110 0.4 18 -1 42 South Africa 80 1.3 14 28 2Israel 109 0.4 27 17 38 Saudi Arabia 71 1.1 34 28 40

Above 15 27332 90.6 - - - Above 15 4859 77.7 - - -

Exports of telecommunications services of selected economies by destination, 2006

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

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4.2. Construction

Table III.16

World exports of construction by region, 2006

(Billion dollars and percentage)

2006 2000 2006 2000-06 2004 2005 2006

ExportsWorld 60 100.0 100.0 11 16 16 15North America 6 8.7 9.7 13 25 18 40South and Central America 0 1.3 0.3 -12 23 11 -5Europe 31 59.0 53.4 10 3 14 10

European Union (27) 29 ... 49.4 ... ... 16 9Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 4 1.0 6.0 51 46 37 38Asia 16 27.4 26.9 11 45 19 12

Annual percentage changeValue Share

Rank Exporters ValueShare in 15 economies

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers ValueShare in 15 economies

Annual percentage

change

1 European Union (27) 28848 53.0 9 1 European Union (27) 19490 44.7 7 Extra-EU (27) exports 15326 28.1 11 Extra-EU (27) imports 8089 18.6 10

2 Japan 8981 16.5 24 2 Japan 6202 14.2 303 United States 5468 10.0 42 3 Russian Federation 4603 10.6 144 Russian Federation 3050 5.6 38 4 Kazakhstan 3225 7.4 665 China 2753 5.1 6 5 China 2050 4.7 276 Malaysia 1041 1.9 28 6 Angola 1476 3.4 127 Turkey 936 1.7 6 7 Malaysia 1314 3.0 218 Singapore 666 1.2 8 8 Azerbaijan 1300 3.0 -139 Israel 509 0.9 46 9 Indonesia 984 2.3 36

10 Indonesia 456 0.8 -6 10 India 906 2.1 3611 Egypt 430 0.8 -14 11 Thailand 581 1.3 8512 India 403 0.7 -60 12 United States 563 1.3 3613 Thailand 336 0.6 32 13 Iraq 330 0.8 -1614 Norway 330 0.6 30 14 Taipei, Chinese 295 0.7 -2215 Hong Kong, China 268 0.5 -14 15 Singapore 262 0.6 8

Above 15 54475 100.0 - Above 15 43580 100.0 -

Note : Based on information available to the Secretariat. As certain economies do not report this item separately, they may not appear in the list (e.g., Switzerland, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates). See the Metadata, Section II.2.

Major exporters and importers of construction, 2006

Table III.17

(Million dollars and percentage)

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Table III.18

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006

European Union (27) JapanWorld 28848 100.0 12 16 9 World 8981 100.0 14 5 24European Union (25) 13320 46.2 10 13 7 United Arab Emirates 1491 16.6 49 69 31United States 1134 3.9 -4 4 -12 Saudi Arabia 1367 15.2 52 -15 172Nigeria 1099 3.8 25 51 3 Thailand 732 8.1 77 87 68Russian Federation 902 3.1 9 33 -11 Taipei, Chinese 656 7.3 -29 -36 -21Norway 842 2.9 -11 -8 -13 Indonesia 516 5.7 -16 -43 24

Above 5 17298 60.0 - - - Above 5 4763 53.0 - - -Switzerland 757 2.6 8 0 16 Viet Nam 289 3.2 80 162 24China 600 2.1 5 19 -8 European Union (25) 261 2.9 ... ... 122Brazil 415 1.4 94 160 44 Russian Federation 258 2.9 132 313 30Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 412 1.4 117 218 48 United States 255 2.8 52 56 49Egypt 347 1.2 71 20 146 Iran, Islamic Rep. of 241 2.7 29 102 -17Canada 264 0.9 52 37 68 Singapore 223 2.5 -9 -26 11Croatia 239 0.8 16 15 17 China 176 2.0 -33 -31 -35India 205 0.7 -7 16 -25 Philippines 134 1.5 18 8 28South Africa 202 0.7 -2 -22 23 Malaysia 119 1.3 19 48 -5Singapore 198 0.7 -12 -7 -17 Mexico 71 0.8 7 233 -66

Above 15 20936 72.6 - - - Above 15 6790 75.6 - - -Russian Federation a Singapore b

World 3050 100.0 39 40 38 World 666 100.0 1 -4 8European Union (25) 1107 36.3 21 2 43 China 90 13.5 -32 -56 6Turkey 580 19.0 59 98 28 European Union (25) 31 4.7 -25 -22 -29United States 241 7.9 17 59 -14 United States 29 4.3 24 114 -28Japan 124 4.1 114 144 87 Australia 9 1.3 125 11 353Tajikistan 96 3.1 ... ... 248 Japan 7 1.0 5 31 -16

Above 5 2147 70.4 - - - Above 5 165 24.8 - - -

b In 2006, ASEAN countries accounted for 34 per cent of construction exports.

Exports of construction of selected economies by destination, 2006

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

a In 2006, construction not allocated geographically represented 6 per cent of exports.

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4.3. Insurance services

Table III.19

World exports of insurance services by region, 2006

(Billion dollars and percentage)

2006 2000 2006 2000-06 2004 2005 2006

ExportsWorld 60 100.0 100.0 16 3 -10 22North America 14 28.7 22.8 11 4 14 12South and Central America 1 4.0 2.3 6 14 30 0Europe 37 51.2 60.1 19 -2 -21 28

European Union (27) 31 ... 50.1 ... ... -26 30Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 1 0.2 0.9 44 52 31 30Asia 7 11.8 11.9 16 36 3 24

Annual percentage changeValue Share

Rank Exporters ValueShare in 15 economies

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers ValueShare in 15 economies

Annual percentage

change

1 European Union (27) 30744 53.6 30 1 United States 33582 33.2 18 Extra-EU (27) exports 18006 31.4 138 2 European Union (27) 26904 26.6 3

2 United States 9276 16.2 19 Extra-EU (27) imports 8793 8.7 -133 Switzerland 5229 9.1 19 3 Mexico 9278 9.2 64 Canada 3457 6.0 8 4 China 8831 8.7 235 Japan 1576 2.7 80 5 Canada 4871 4.8 66 Singapore 1466 2.6 21 6 Japan 4574 4.5 1427 Mexico 1263 2.2 -19 7 Singapore 3082 3.0 218 India 1116 1.9 20 8 India 2664 2.6 199 China 548 1.0 0 9 Thailand 1791 1.8 8

10 Taipei, Chinese 532 0.9 46 10 Turkey 1140 1.1 2811 Australia 530 0.9 0 11 Taipei, Chinese 1002 1.0 412 Turkey 522 0.9 62 12 Egypt 978 1.0 2513 Hong Kong, China 417 0.7 1 13 Iraq 885 0.9 -614 Russian Federation 377 0.7 17 14 Korea, Republic of 854 0.8 1715 Brazil 324 0.6 142 15 Brazil 755 0.7 8

Above 15 57375 100.0 - Above 15 101190 100.0 -

Note : Based on information available to the Secretariat. For more information on asymmetries, see the Metadata, Section II.2.

Major exporters and importers of insurance services, 2006

Table III.20

(Million dollars and percentage)

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Table III.21

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006

European Union (27) United StatesWorld 30744 100.0 -2 -26 30 World 9276 100.0 13 6 19European Union (25) 12627 41.1 -18 -15 -21 European Union (25) 2796 30.1 -8 -17 2United States 9150 29.8 ... -93 ... Canada 1918 20.7 25 37 14Argentina 895 2.9 ... 232 ... Japan 999 10.8 55 96 23Switzerland 647 2.1 -21 -16 -26 Bermuda 851 9.2 17 -19 68Japan 592 1.9 34 -6 91 Switzerland 367 4.0 132 53 252

Above 5 23912 77.8 - - - Above 5 6932 74.7 - - -Canada 545 1.8 -15 8 -33 Mexico 232 2.5 18 -9 54Australia 397 1.3 42 166 -24 Australia 158 1.7 -14 7 -31South Africa 293 1.0 -3 11 -15 Korea, Republic of 135 1.5 36 -6 95Norway 264 0.9 -3 -62 148 Hong Kong, China 135 1.5 63 427 -49Mexico 214 0.7 11 5 18 Taipei, Chinese 76 0.8 22 7 38Turkey 197 0.6 18 -9 52 Brazil 61 0.7 5 -1 12Russian Federation 159 0.5 18 -10 54 Chile 54 0.6 -3 -20 18Hong Kong, China 158 0.5 -12 -58 84 China 44 0.5 9 3 15Singapore 155 0.5 -1 -49 91 Singapore 44 0.5 8 12 5Korea, Republic of 140 0.5 16 -4 41 Argentina 42 0.5 25 28 22

Above 15 26434 86.0 - - - Above 15 7912 85.3 - - -Japan Singapore a

World 1576 100.0 22 -18 80 World 1466 100.0 5 -9 21European Union (25) 527 33.4 ... ... 183 Australia 285 19.4 34 49 21United States 408 25.9 37 -61 376 Korea, Republic of 133 9.1 -11 -35 22Hong Kong, China 90 5.7 2 -8 14 Japan 129 8.8 14 27 2China 67 4.3 1 -7 10 European Union (25) 87 5.9 28 14 44Taipei, Chinese 47 3.0 -6 -6 -6 China 63 4.3 31 7 60

Above 5 1140 72.3 - - - Above 5 696 47.5 - - -Australia b Hong Kong, China

World 530 100.0 2 5 0 World 417 100.0 1 1 1United States 224 42.2 2 5 0 China 108 25.9 34 15 57European Union (25) 101 19.0 2 5 0 European Union (25) 65 15.6 -27 -16 -36New Zealand 54 10.1 2 5 0 Korea, Republic of 46 11.0 1 29 -21Singapore 25 4.8 2 5 0 Japan 33 7.9 -11 -48 50Japan 17 3.3 2 5 0 Singapore 31 7.4 19 41 0

Above 5 421 79.4 - - - Above 5 283 67.9 - - -Russian Federation c

World 377 100.0 25 34 17European Union (25) 155 41.1 23 30 17Switzerland 52 13.9 49 59 40Kazakhstan 28 7.4 6 49 -25Ukraine 20 5.2 ... ... 5Panama 17 4.6 35 51 21

Above 5 272 72.3 - - -

c In 2006, insurance services not allocated geographically accounted for 3 per cent of exports.

Exports of insurance services of selected economies by destination, 2006

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

a In 2006, ASEAN countries accounted for 28 per cent of insurance services exports.b In 2006, insurance services not allocated geographically accounted for 21 per cent of exports.

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4.4. Financial services

Table III.22

World exports of financial services by region, 2006

(Billion dollars and percentage)

2006 2000 2006 2000-06 2004 2005 2006

ExportsWorld 215 100.0 100.0 14 25 19 25North America 45 21.9 20.9 14 30 11 19South and Central America 2 1.0 0.8 10 7 24 24Europe 134 62.2 62.7 15 23 19 26

European Union (27) 121 ... 56.5 ... ... 20 28Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 1 0.2 0.4 29 46 40 50Asia 28 12.5 13.0 15 27 34 30

Annual percentage changeValue Share

Rank Exporters ValueShare in 15 economies

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers ValueShare in 15 economies

Annual percentage

change

1 European Union (27) 120752 58.6 28 1 European Union (27) 56766 64.1 27 Extra-EU (27) exports 53033 25.7 23 Extra-EU (27) imports 21371 24.1 24

2 United States 42814 20.8 19 2 United States 14297 16.2 133 Switzerland 11696 5.7 12 3 Japan 2986 3.4 114 Hong Kong, China 9268 4.5 48 4 Canada 2864 3.2 225 Japan 6151 3.0 22 5 Hong Kong, China 2017 2.3 446 Singapore 4064 2.0 34 6 Taipei, Chinese 1390 1.6 17 Korea, Republic of 2543 1.2 54 7 India 1316 1.5 158 India 2071 1.0 41 8 Switzerland 1281 1.4 259 Canada 1897 0.9 19 9 Singapore 972 1.1 34

10 Taipei, Chinese 1232 0.6 -19 10 Russian Federation 904 1.0 111 Norway 820 0.4 16 11 China 891 1.0 45912 Australia 756 0.4 -1 12 Norway 879 1.0 -2313 Brazil 738 0.4 45 13 Brazil 861 1.0 1714 South Africa 706 0.3 32 14 Korea, Republic of 547 0.6 13315 Russian Federation 589 0.3 51 15 Turkey 524 0.6 36

Above 15 206095 100.0 - Above 15 88495 100.0 -

Note : Based on information available to the Secretariat. For more information on asymmetries, see the Metadata, Section II.2.

Major exporters and importers of financial services, 2006

Table III.23

(Million dollars and percentage)

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Table III.24

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006

European Union (27) United States a World 120752 100.0 24 20 28 World 42814 100.0 14 10 19European Union (25) 67631 56.0 26 21 32 European Union (25) 14705 34.3 16 12 20United States 16707 13.8 17 16 18 Canada 2257 5.3 28 21 35Switzerland 7975 6.6 22 20 25 Bermuda 2218 5.2 11 7 16Japan 4906 4.1 31 32 30 Japan 1588 3.7 20 24 16Russian Federation 1405 1.2 44 30 60 Australia 1020 2.4 31 27 35

Above 5 98623 81.7 - - - Above 5 21788 50.9 - - -Hong Kong, China 1025 0.8 21 18 25 Switzerland 751 1.8 15 25 6Australia 981 0.8 33 6 67 Mexico 669 1.6 30 39 21Norway 978 0.8 18 20 16 Brazil 627 1.5 36 27 45Canada 969 0.8 33 13 56 Hong Kong, China 625 1.5 52 65 40Singapore 792 0.7 26 16 36 China 516 1.2 34 14 59Taipei, Chinese 731 0.6 20 11 31 Korea, Republic of 410 1.0 14 8 21Korea, Republic of 496 0.4 26 40 13 Singapore 393 0.9 10 7 12China 482 0.4 32 19 47 Taipei, Chinese 338 0.8 7 5 10South Africa 415 0.3 9 -17 42 Norway 252 0.6 11 14 8Turkey 363 0.3 13 14 12 Chile 234 0.5 61 11 134

Above 15 105854 87.7 - - - Above 15 26603 62.1 - - -Hong Kong, China b Japan

World 9268 100.0 43 38 48 World 6151 100.0 18 14 22European Union (25) 2776 30.0 ... ... 66 European Union (25) 2661 43.3 ... ... 32United States 2525 27.2 45 30 61 United States 2410 39.2 20 20 21Singapore 537 5.8 31 9 57 Hong Kong, China 497 8.1 -1 7 -7Japan 426 4.6 24 -4 61 Cayman Islands 234 3.8 4 -24 42Korea, Republic of 361 3.9 76 38 123 Singapore 46 0.7 -18 -43 17

Above 5 6625 71.5 - - - Above 5 5847 95.1 - - -Singapore c, d Australia

World 4064 100.0 29 24 34 World 756 100.0 1 3 -1European Union (25) 1041 25.6 36 35 38 European Union (25) 253 33.5 1 3 -1United States 671 16.5 35 21 50 United States 212 28.0 1 4 -1Hong Kong, China 412 10.1 17 10 25 Singapore 64 8.5 2 6 -1Japan 153 3.8 30 30 29 Hong Kong, China 47 6.3 2 4 -1Australia 100 2.5 51 72 33 New Zealand 29 3.8 2 5 -1

Above 5 2377 58.5 - - - Above 5 605 80.0 - - -Russian Federation e

World 589 100.0 48 44 51European Union (25) 385 65.4 67 74 61United States 57 9.8 33 43 23British Virgin Islands 20 3.4 50 9 108Switzerland 16 2.7 139 172 109Ukraine 9 1.4 ... ... -15

Above 5 487 82.7 - - -

a Transactions between affiliated companies are not allocated geographically. In 2006, they accounted for 13 per cent of financial services exports.b Financial intermediation services are not allocated geographically. In 2006, they accounted for 15 per cent of financial services exports.c Financial services exports related to foreign exchange trading are not allocated geographically.d In 2006, ASEAN countries accounted for 8 per cent of financial services exports.e In 2006, financial services not allocated geographically accounted for 2 per cent of exports.

Exports of financial services of selected economies by destination, 2006

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

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4.5. Computer and information services

Table III.25

World exports of computer and information services by region, 2006

(Billion dollars and percentage)

2006 2000 2006 2000-06 2004 2005 2006

ExportsWorld 125 100.0 100.0 17 26 13 18North America 14 19.1 11.1 7 8 13 3South and Central America 1 0.9 1.2 23 30 30 36Europe 73 54.3 57.6 19 27 8 15

European Union (27) 70 ... 55.1 ... ... 7 14Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 1 0.2 0.7 47 43 55 57Asia 30 15.4 23.5 26 36 26 31

Annual percentage changeValue Share

Rank Exporters ValueShare in 15 economies

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers ValueShare in 15 economies

Annual percentage

change

1 European Union (27) 70085 58.3 14 1 European Union (27) 35644 56.4 14 Extra-EU (27) exports 26635 22.2 26 Extra-EU (27) imports 11948 18.9 14

2 India a 21461 17.8 ... 2 United States 11092 17.6 233 United States 10096 8.4 3 3 Japan 3123 4.9 284 Israel b 5289 4.4 17 4 India 2199 3.5 405 Canada 4034 3.4 3 5 Canada 2020 3.2 136 China 2958 2.5 61 6 Brazil 2005 3.2 177 Norway b 1376 1.1 53 7 China 1739 2.8 78 Australia 1060 0.9 20 8 Norway b 1268 2.0 269 Japan 966 0.8 -14 9 Australia 935 1.5 16

10 Singapore 633 0.5 11 10 Russian Federation 613 1.0 2711 Russian Federation 632 0.5 50 11 Korea, Republic of 598 0.9 22712 Malaysia b 572 0.5 31 12 Indonesia 596 0.9 613 Costa Rica 371 0.3 46 13 Malaysia b 518 0.8 3714 Hong Kong, China 358 0.3 35 14 Singapore 426 0.7 1115 Argentina 344 0.3 48 15 Hong Kong, China 371 0.6 -13

Above 15 120235 100.0 - Above 15 63145 100.0 -

b Computer services.Note : Based on information available to the Secretariat. As certain economies do not report this item, they may not appear in the list. For more information on asymmetries, see the Metadata, Section II.2.

Major exporters and importers of computer and information services, 2006

Table III.26

(Million dollars and percentage)

a Secretariat estimate.

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Table III.27

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006

European Union (27) United States a World 70085 100.0 11 7 14 World 10096 100.0 7 11 3European Union (25) 43143 61.6 8 8 8 European Union (25) 3975 39.4 6 13 -1United States 8594 12.3 7 9 5 Canada 847 8.4 10 4 17Switzerland 4866 6.9 3 -12 20 Australia 342 3.4 7 8 5Russian Federation 970 1.4 60 112 20 Japan 292 2.9 -5 5 -14Norway 889 1.3 8 6 10 Switzerland 193 1.9 3 38 -23

Above 5 58462 83.4 - - - Above 5 5649 56.0 - - -Japan 837 1.2 1 5 -3 Brazil 170 1.7 11 7 16South Africa 747 1.1 27 17 38 Mexico 168 1.7 -4 -14 6Canada 649 0.9 31 42 21 South Africa 147 1.5 17 21 14Australia 503 0.7 33 46 21 Saudi Arabia 118 1.2 4 10 -2Israel 369 0.5 8 1 17 Singapore 114 1.1 47 85 16India 356 0.5 36 19 56 China 98 1.0 30 45 17Turkey 297 0.4 25 7 47 India 96 1.0 10 25 -3Brazil 296 0.4 32 28 35 Korea, Republic of 80 0.8 22 11 33Singapore 276 0.4 14 22 7 Hong Kong, China 61 0.6 12 41 -12Mexico 243 0.3 19 33 6 Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 48 0.5 -2 -24 26

Above 15 63035 89.9 - - - Above 15 6749 66.8 - - -Australia b Japan

World 1060 100.0 6 -6 20 World 966 100.0 -4 8 -14United States 342 32.3 12 9 15 United States 605 62.6 -5 2 -12European Union (25) 102 9.6 16 -20 70 European Union (25) 127 13.2 ... ... -34Japan 74 7.0 31 5 65 Singapore 85 8.8 -18 -13 -23New Zealand 58 5.5 ... ... 10 Switzerland 48 5.0 44 49 40Singapore 15 1.4 20 44 1 China 34 3.6 33 49 18

Above 5 591 55.8 - - - Above 5 900 93.1 - - -Singapore c Russian Federation d

World 633 100.0 10 8 11 World 632 100.0 57 65 50European Union (25) 192 30.4 95 7 257 European Union (25) 286 45.2 49 31 69United States 157 24.8 13 -15 50 United States 192 30.4 63 83 44Japan 102 16.1 69 60 79 Switzerland 16 2.5 54 379 -50Australia 84 13.3 78 22 159 British Virgin Islands 14 2.2 136 178 101Hong Kong, China 55 8.7 1 14 -10 Kazakhstan 13 2.1 ... ... 85

Above 5 590 93.3 - - - Above 5 521 82.4 - - -Hong Kong, China

World 358 100.0 21 8 35China 95 26.5 14 19 9United States 67 18.7 12 2 24European Union (25) 55 15.4 ... ... 10Singapore 30 8.4 7 -12 30Taipei, Chinese 17 4.8 30 -10 89

Above 5 264 73.8 - - -

b In 2006, computer and information services not allocated geographically accounted for 40 per cent of exports.

d In 2006, computer and information services not allocated geographically accounted for 3 per cent of exports. c In 2006, ASEAN countries accounted for 26 per cent of computer and information services exports.

Exports of computer and information services of selected economies by destination, 2006

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

a Transactions between affiliated companies are not allocated geographically. In 2006, they accounted for 25 per cent of computer and information services exports.

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4.5.1 Computer services

Rank Exporters ValueShare in 15 economies

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers ValueShare in 15 economies

Annual percentage

change

1 European Union (27) 60398 59.5 14 1 European Union (27) 32439 61.7 14 Extra-EU (27) exports 22225 21.9 27 Extra-EU (27) imports 11081 21.1 14

2 India a 21061 20.7 ... 2 United States b 10522 20.0 243 United States b 6208 6.1 8 3 India 1979 3.8 614 Israel 5289 5.2 17 4 Brazil 1947 3.7 185 Canada 3583 3.5 3 5 Canada 1401 2.7 116 Norway 1376 1.4 53 6 Norway 1268 2.4 267 Australia 1040 1.0 19 7 Australia 915 1.7 168 Russian Federation 576 0.6 54 8 Malaysia 518 1.0 379 Malaysia 572 0.6 31 9 Russian Federation 476 0.9 26

10 Costa Rica 371 0.4 46 10 Korea, Republic of 311 0.6 ...11 Argentina 342 0.3 48 11 Hong Kong, China 310 0.6 -1612 Hong Kong, China 301 0.3 45 12 Argentina 206 0.4 1313 Korea, Republic of 182 0.2 ... 13 Colombia 132 0.3 2014 Uruguay 122 0.1 47 14 Syrian Arab Republic 95 0.2 -515 Sri Lanka 98 0.1 19 15 Philippines 67 0.1 8

Above 15 101520 100.0 - Above 15 52585 100.0 -

b Includes affiliated information services transactions.Note : Based on information available to the Secretariat. As certain major traders in computer and information services do not report the item computer services separately, they may not appear in the list. For more information on asymmetries, see the Metadata, Section II.2.

Major exporters and importers of computer services, 2006

Table III.28

(Million dollars and percentage)

a Secretariat estimate.

Table III.29

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006

European Union (27) United States a World 60398 100.0 11 7 14 World 6208 100.0 6 4 8European Union (25) 37876 62.7 8 7 8 European Union (25) 2120 34.1 3 1 6United States 7959 13.2 8 8 9 Canada 350 5.6 2 -3 7Switzerland 2111 3.5 -3 -10 4 Australia 162 2.6 4 -5 13Russian Federation 940 1.6 61 116 21 Japan 131 2.1 0 -7 7Norway 819 1.4 6 3 8 Switzerland 86 1.4 -1 -3 1

Above 5 49706 82.3 - - - Above 5 2849 45.9 - - -Japan 770 1.3 -1 3 -5 South Africa 71 1.1 24 24 25South Africa 722 1.2 28 18 38 Mexico 66 1.1 6 -3 16Australia 393 0.7 29 47 14 China 65 1.0 31 32 30Israel 345 0.6 8 -2 18 Korea, Republic of 64 1.0 30 11 52India 342 0.6 37 21 56 Brazil 58 0.9 25 8 45Canada 326 0.5 17 23 11 Singapore 54 0.9 36 24 50Brazil 288 0.5 32 27 38 India 43 0.7 9 25 -4Turkey 281 0.5 27 5 55 Hong Kong, China 33 0.5 20 74 -18Singapore 253 0.4 15 25 6 Norway 32 0.5 51 121 3Mexico 234 0.4 19 36 4 Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 32 0.5 21 -23 88

Above 15 53659 88.8 - - - Above 15 3367 54.2 - - -Russian Federation b

World 576 100.0 66 80 54European Union (25) 262 45.5 58 42 76United States 184 32.0 68 92 47Switzerland 14 2.4 60 469 -55Kazakhstan 12 2.1 ... ... 98British Virgin Islands 12 2.1 199 231 171

Above 5 484 84.0 - - -

b In 2006, computer services not allocated geographically accounted for 2 per cent of exports.

Exports of computer services of selected economies by destination, 2006

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

a Transactions between affiliated companies are not allocated geographically. Total exports of computer services include exports of information services between affiliated companies.

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4.6. Royalties and licence fees

Table III.30

World receipts of royalties and license fees by region, 2006

(Billion dollars and percentage)

2006 2000 2006 2000-06 2004 2005 2006

ExportsWorld 155 100.0 100.0 10 29 12 5North America 66 53.8 42.9 6 16 8 6South and Central America 1 0.6 0.5 9 10 10 24Europe 58 29.0 38.1 16 49 18 1

European Union (27) 50 ... 32.5 ... ... 15 3Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0 0.1 0.2 21 35 3 20Asia 25 14.6 16.2 12 31 11 12

Annual percentage changeValue Share

Rank Exporters ValueShare in 15 economies

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers ValueShare in 15 economies

Annual percentage

change

1 United States 62378 41.8 5 1 European Union (27) 65066 41.2 72 European Union (27) 49852 33.4 3 Extra-EU (27) imports 40027 25.4 4

Extra-EU (27) exports 29643 19.9 2 2 United States 26433 16.8 73 Japan 20096 13.5 14 3 Japan 15500 9.8 64 Switzerland 7681 5.1 -11 4 Singapore 10470 6.6 175 Canada 3245 2.2 14 5 Switzerland 8860 5.6 -66 Korea, Republic of 2046 1.4 7 6 Canada 7320 4.6 77 Singapore 730 0.5 17 7 China 6634 4.2 258 Norway 674 0.5 63 8 Korea, Republic of 4650 2.9 29 Australia 621 0.4 12 9 Taipei, Chinese 2321 1.5 29

10 Israel 593 0.4 3 10 Australia 2190 1.4 911 Russian Federation 299 0.2 15 11 Thailand 2046 1.3 2212 Hong Kong, China 259 0.2 6 12 Russian Federation 2002 1.3 2613 Taipei, Chinese 244 0.2 4 13 Brazil 1664 1.1 1814 Paraguay 236 0.2 8 14 Hong Kong, China 1357 0.9 515 China 205 0.1 30 15 South Africa 1282 0.8 20

Above 15 149160 100.0 - Above 15 157795 100.0 -

Note : Based on information available to the Secretariat. For more information on asymmetries, see the Metadata, Section II.2.

Major economies for receipts and payments of royalties and license fees, 2006

Table III.31

(Million dollars and percentage)

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Table III.32

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006

United States European Union (27)World 62378 100.0 7 9 5 World 49852 100.0 9 15 3European Union (25) 24815 39.8 7 5 8 European Union (25) 20101 40.3 8 12 5Japan 9103 14.6 8 12 4 United States 12322 24.7 10 26 -4Switzerland 6171 9.9 9 4 15 Singapore 3899 7.8 13 16 11Canada 5078 8.1 12 13 12 Switzerland 2425 4.9 -4 1 -10Singapore 2971 4.8 13 6 21 Japan 2098 4.2 -2 17 -18

Above 5 48138 77.2 - - - Above 5 40846 81.9 - - -Korea, Republic of 2105 3.4 14 29 0 China 1356 2.7 24 31 18Mexico 1567 2.5 12 12 11 Korea, Republic of 730 1.5 16 0 33China 1443 2.3 21 21 22 Australia 554 1.1 2 -12 17Taipei, Chinese 1428 2.3 19 32 7 Norway 487 1.0 5 9 2Australia 1265 2.0 8 12 4 Canada 400 0.8 -18 -16 -21Brazil 921 1.5 16 11 20 Mexico 372 0.7 16 39 -3Hong Kong, China 632 1.0 9 -2 21 Brazil 368 0.7 6 -28 57South Africa 353 0.6 21 27 16 South Africa 363 0.7 -5 5 -15Bermuda 304 0.5 -41 -2 -65 Taipei, Chinese 339 0.7 3 -14 25Norway 303 0.5 29 9 53 Russian Federation 306 0.6 41 80 11

Above 15 58459 93.7 - - - Above 15 46120 92.5 - - -Japan Korea, Republic of a

World 20096 100.0 13 12 14 World 2046 100.0 5 3 7United States 8717 43.4 11 8 15 China 747 36.5 28 9 51European Union (25) 3352 16.7 ... ... 16 United States 523 25.6 -15 3 -29Thailand 1360 6.8 41 52 30 European Union (25) 264 12.9 14 -32 90China 1172 5.8 29 34 23 Japan 94 4.6 -18 9 -39Canada 1006 5.0 -8 3 -19

Above 5 15606 77.7 - - - Above 4 1629 79.6 - - -Singapore b Australia

World 730 100.0 21 26 17 World 621 100.0 10 7 12Japan 98 13.4 9 25 -5 United States 241 38.9 12 -2 27China 88 12.1 139 350 27 European Union (25) 134 21.6 -6 3 -14Hong Kong, China 43 5.8 41 60 25 New Zealand 37 6.0 -7 -23 14Australia 36 4.9 10 18 2 Japan 29 4.6 177 139 220United States 32 4.3 17 19 15 China 21 3.4 12 1 25

Above 5 296 40.6 - - - Above 5 463 74.6 - - -Russian Federation c

World 299 100.0 15 14 15United States 111 37.1 55 82 32European Union (25) 91 30.3 93 78 109Ukraine 11 3.8 ... ... 30Switzerland 11 3.7 154 89 243Kazakhstan 7 2.3 31 82 -5

Above 5 231 77.3 - - -

a In 2006, receipts of royalties and licence fees not allocated geographically accounted for 4 per cent of receipts.b In 2006, ASEAN countries accounted for 16 per cent of receipts of royalties and licence fees.c In 2006, receipts of royalties and licence fees not allocated geographically accounted for 10 per cent of receipts.

Receipts of royalties and licence fees of selected economies by origin, 2006

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

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4.7. Other business services

Table III.33

World exports of other business services by region, 2006

(Billion dollars and percentage)

2006 2000 2006 2000-06 2004 2005 2006

ExportsWorld 680 100.0 100.0 14 19 16 15North America 90 16.4 13.2 10 9 17 14South and Central America 17 2.5 2.5 14 19 39 21Europe 363 51.0 53.3 15 19 15 13

European Union (27) 344 ... 50.5 ... ... 15 12Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 9 0.9 1.4 23 25 36 28Asia 184 26.2 27.0 14 24 18 19

Annual percentage changeValue Share

Rank Exporters ValueShare in 15 economies

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers ValueShare in 15 economies

Annual percentage

change

1 European Union (27) 343966 53.8 12 1 European Union (27) 310734 59.5 12 Extra-EU (27) exports 160688 25.1 12 Extra-EU (27) imports 117396 22.5 14

2 United States 74926 11.7 16 2 United States 46782 9.0 183 India a 30923 4.8 ... 3 Japan 29773 5.7 124 Japan 30677 4.8 12 4 India 21453 4.1 515 China 28973 4.5 24 5 China 20605 3.9 276 Hong Kong, China 26930 4.2 11 6 Korea, Republic of 17705 3.4 147 Singapore 22544 3.5 9 7 Canada 12930 2.5 78 Canada 14948 2.3 3 8 Singapore 11919 2.3 159 Taipei, Chinese 14779 2.3 24 9 Taipei, Chinese 8909 1.7 3

10 Korea, Republic of 10532 1.6 12 10 Brazil 8898 1.7 1911 Switzerland b 9681 1.5 37 11 Russian Federation 8548 1.6 3212 Norway 9123 1.4 37 12 Thailand d 7357 1.4 5413 Brazil 8568 1.3 27 13 Norway 5972 1.1 1514 Russian Federation 7174 1.1 35 14 Israel c 5557 1.1 1815 Israel c 6100 1.0 15 15 Hong Kong, China 5519 1.1 13

Above 15 639845 100.0 - Above 15 522660 100.0 -

b Includes construction and computer and information services. c Includes financial services, and personal, cultural and recreational services. d Includes financial services, computer and information servicesand personal, cultural and recreational services.Note : Based on information available to the Secretariat. For more information on asymmetries, see the Metadata, Section II.2.

Major exporters and importers of other business services, 2006

Table III.34

(Million dollars and percentage)

a Secretariat estimate.

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Table III.35

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006

European Union (27) Japan a World 343966 100.0 13 15 12 World 30677 100.0 18 24 12European Union (25) 181431 52.7 13 14 13 European Union (25) 12176 39.7 ... ... 7United States 46801 13.6 8 6 10 United States 10477 34.2 11 8 15Switzerland 25083 7.3 14 16 12 Singapore 5356 17.5 47 37 58Russian Federation 5202 1.5 34 42 26 Taipei, Chinese 2380 7.8 63 143 10Japan 4930 1.4 -8 2 -18 Korea, Republic of 761 2.5 14 54 -16

Above 5 263447 76.6 - - - Above 5 31151 101.5 - - -China 4650 1.4 21 60 -8 China 760 2.5 -25 29 -57Singapore 4414 1.3 47 14 90 Switzerland 684 2.2 16 -29 90Norway 4100 1.2 12 14 10 Australia 464 1.5 -5 21 -25India 3156 0.9 98 119 80 Canada 463 1.5 12 13 11Nigeria 2723 0.8 40 28 53 Thailand 260 0.8 54 53 56Hong Kong, China 2322 0.7 -11 36 -42 India 223 0.7 37 36 38Canada 2317 0.7 20 18 23 Philippines 174 0.6 -23 7 -45Korea, Republic of 2299 0.7 14 26 3 Indonesia 163 0.5 33 48 20Turkey 2292 0.7 28 11 47 Cayman Islands 112 0.4 38 89 1Australia 1802 0.5 16 14 19 Mexico 105 0.3 29 35 23

Above 15 293523 85.3 - - - Above 15 34560 112.7 - - -Singapore b, c Korea, Republic of d

World 22544 100.0 12 14 9 World 10532 100.0 14 16 12United States 4080 18.1 32 22 43 United States 3712 35.2 10 5 15European Union (25) 3089 13.7 18 18 18 European Union (25) 1994 18.9 30 60 5Japan 2807 12.5 7 12 2 Japan 1672 15.9 1 0 2Hong Kong, China 1411 6.3 7 20 -4 China 437 4.2 28 3 60Korea, Republic of 989 4.4 10 39 -13

Above 5 12375 54.9 - - - Above 4 7815 74.2 - - -Hong Kong, China Russian Federation e

World 26930 100.0 11 12 11 World 7174 100.0 35 35 35United States 7555 28.1 ... ... 14 European Union (25) 3426 47.8 34 36 32European Union (25) 5002 18.6 ... ... ... United States 982 13.7 26 19 35Japan 1576 5.9 ... ... ... Switzerland 367 5.1 60 92 33Taipei, Chinese 943 3.5 ... ... ... Kazakhstan 235 3.3 19 3 38Switzerland 341 1.3 ... ... 23 British Virgin Islands 200 2.8 25 38 13

Above 5 15417 57.2 - - - Above 5 5210 72.6 - - -

a In 2006, exports of other business services are offset by negative values for merchanting. b The geographical breakdown includes communications services. c In 2006, ASEAN countries accounted for 14 per cent of other business services exports.d In 2006, other business services not allocated geographically accounted for 8 per cent of exports.e In 2006, other business services not allocated geographically accounted for 6 per cent of exports.

Exports of other business services of selected economies by destination, 2006

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

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Value

Total

Legal, accounting, management

and public relations

Advertising,market

research and public

opinion polling

Research and

development

Architectural,engineering and other technical services

Agricultural,mining and other on-

site processing

services Other a

Exporters European Union (27) 343966 20.5 4.9 74.6 14.6 6.8 10.3 11.4 2.3 29.3 Extra-EU (27) exports 160688 21.6 3.2 75.2 13.7 5.6 12.2 14.1 2.6 27.2United States b 74926 3.8 14.8 81.4 17.2 0.8 17.4 6.7 0.8 38.6India c 30923 4.8 0.5 94.7 25.0 2.3 2.8 23.8 0.3 40.6Japan 30677 63.1 6.4 30.5 ... ... ... ... ... ...China 28973 68.0 ... 32.0 27.0 5.0 ... ... ... ...Hong Kong, China 26930 85.2 0.0 14.8 9.0 2.1 ... 0.6 ... 3.1Singapore 22544 60.0 ... ... 26.4 1.7 0.6 6.2 ... ...Canada 14948 4.9 2.0 93.1 29.4 2.7 18.8 27.2 ... 15.1Korea, Republic of 10532 22.5 3.9 73.6 6.7 3.2 2.7 2.4 0.2 58.3Norway 9123 9.5 12.8 77.7 4.8 2.9 5.4 23.5 24.0 17.2Brazil 8568 11.3 0.9 87.8 16.7 1.9 1.5 35.4 0.0 32.3Russian Federation 7174 ... 5.5 94.5 17.5 25.0 5.8 21.9 3.1 21.2Australia 4013 14.2 0.7 85.1 14.1 4.4 8.6 23.8 5.4 28.7Malaysia 3559 22.3 10.4 67.3 ... ... ... ... ... ...Argentina 1987 9.3 8.2 82.4 19.6 10.1 5.9 3.9 ... 42.9ImportersEuropean Union (27) 310734 15.0 6.4 78.5 13.9 9.7 11.1 8.1 1.5 34.2 Extra-EU (27) exports 117396 16.0 4.7 79.0 16.1 9.2 13.4 8.8 0.9 30.6United States b 46782 0.0 3.3 96.6 20.2 1.6 19.3 0.6 1.1 53.8Japan 29773 25.0 1.1 73.5 ... ... ... ... ... ...India c 21453 10.0 4.2 86.1 19.3 4.4 0.9 12.8 0.3 48.4China 20605 55.0 ... 45.3 40.7 4.6 ... ... ... ...Korea, Republic of 17705 32.0 6.7 60.8 7.0 13.5 5.2 3.0 0.6 31.6Canada 12930 5.0 4.8 89.9 33.7 3.3 9.2 19.8 ... 23.9Singapore 11919 29.0 ... ... 33.9 2.5 14.4 8.2 ... ...Brazil 8898 11.0 55.8 33.3 4.5 1.6 0.0 19.2 0.0 8.0Russian Federation 8548 1.0 8.8 90.1 21.3 11.8 1.6 18.9 19.3 17.2Norway 5972 6.0 1.0 92.8 4.7 2.9 5.1 9.7 33.2 37.1Hong Kong, China 5519 49.0 11.4 39.7 25.6 5.9 ... 0.7 ... 7.5Australia 2827 5.0 22.7 72.3 9.2 5.1 4.5 13.1 4.4 35.9Kazakhstan 2374 0.0 16.4 83.5 6.6 0.6 0.3 54.3 18.2 3.4Croatia 1313 22.0 8.4 69.7 22.0 13.4 4.8 23.2 5.0 1.2

Table III.36

Trade in other business services by category in selected economies, 2006

(Million dollars and percentage)

Share

Total other business services

Merchanting and other trade-related services

Operational leasing services

c Secretariat estimates. Exports of "miscellaneous business, professional and technical services, other" includes information technology enabled services.

Note : Based on information available to the Secretariat. See the Metadata, Section II.2.a Covers other services not included elsewhere as well as services between related enterprises n.i.e.b Market research and public opinion polling are included in "miscellaneous business, professional and technical services, other".

Miscellaneous business, professional and technical services

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4.8. Personal, cultural and recreational services

Table III.37

World exports of personal, cultural and recreational services by region, 2006

(Billion dollars and percentage)

2006 2000 2006 2000-06 2004 2005 2006

ExportsWorld 35 100.0 100.0 7 16 0 3North America 14 43.9 39.5 5 9 0 9South and Central America 1 1.0 2.1 21 14 26 22Europe 16 45.1 45.2 7 28 -1 -1

European Union (27) 14 ... 40.7 ... ... 0 -1Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 0 0.2 1.0 44 37 13 52Asia 3 7.6 9.1 10 -2 7 -11

Annual percentage changeValue Share

Rank Exporters ValueShare in 15 economies

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers ValueShare in 15 economies

Annual percentage

change

1 European Union (27) 14155 43.7 -1 1 European Union (27) 16583 61.8 1 Extra-EU (27) exports 5823 18.0 -3 Extra-EU (27) imports 7053 26.3 -6

2 United States a 11078 34.2 9 2 Canada 2216 8.3 173 Canada 2284 7.1 10 3 Malaysia 1428 5.3 -234 Turkey 998 3.1 -8 4 Japan 1299 4.8 175 Malaysia 864 2.7 -45 5 Australia 851 3.2 106 Australia 502 1.6 15 6 United States a 845 3.2 -97 Norway 422 1.3 20 7 Korea, Republic of 671 2.5 418 Mexico a 383 1.2 3 8 Norway 588 2.2 169 Korea, Republic of 369 1.1 38 9 Russian Federation 542 2.0 23

10 Hong Kong, China 280 0.9 4 10 Brazil 533 2.0 1811 Russian Federation 232 0.7 24 11 Mexico a 326 1.2 1812 Argentina 230 0.7 18 12 Singapore 304 1.1 913 India 218 0.7 49 13 Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 254 0.9 4014 Singapore 196 0.6 9 14 Taipei, Chinese 199 0.7 -3415 New Zealand 153 0.5 -10 15 Argentina a 174 0.6 1

Above 15 32365 100.0 - Above 15 26815 100.0 -

Note : Based on information available to the Secretariat. See the Metadata, Section II.2.a Audiovisual and related services.

Major exporters and importers of personal, cultural and recreational services, 2006

Table III.38

(Million dollars and percentage)

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Table III.39

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006

European Union (27) AustraliaWorld 14155 100.0 0 0 -1 World 502 100.0 9 4 15European Union (25) 8249 58.3 2 3 1 European Union (25) 99 19.7 7 -1 16United States 2341 16.5 -8 -17 3 United States 70 13.9 ... ... -19Switzerland 859 6.1 -16 -8 -24 New Zealand 50 9.9 ... ... 25Japan 440 3.1 17 93 -29 Singapore 41 8.2 15 -5 40Norway 304 2.1 1 4 -3 China 29 5.9 26 18 35

Above 5 12192 86.1 - - - Above 5 289 57.6 - - -Australia 214 1.5 -7 -2 -11 Japan 24 4.7 20 21 20Brazil 96 0.7 3 1 4 Hong Kong, China 14 2.7 -34 -21 -44Russian Federation 92 0.6 30 119 -23 Malaysia 10 2.0 2 -13 19Hong Kong, China 79 0.6 23 53 -2 Indonesia 9 1.7 1 ... ...Singapore 74 0.5 64 233 -19 Canada 8 1.6 68 31 116Canada 72 0.5 -2 -7 3 India 4 0.9 -30 -55 11Korea, Republic of 63 0.4 7 -15 35 Korea, Republic of 3 0.6 ... ... 16South Africa 54 0.4 7 25 -9 Above 12 361 71.8 - - -Turkey 40 0.3 -4 -27 27Mexico 36 0.3 -30 -54 7

Above 15 13012 91.9 - - -Russian Federation a Singapore b

World 232 100.0 19 14 24 World 196 100.0 3 -3 9European Union (25) 95 41.0 18 18 17 Australia 15 7.8 13 29 -1Switzerland 27 11.4 11 -54 164 Korea, Republic of 8 4.3 22 -1 51United States 22 9.5 18 13 24 Hong Kong, China 7 3.8 -36 -5 -58Kazakhstan 13 5.7 61 84 41 China 5 2.8 -25 -47 5Gibraltar 13 5.7 1 78 -43 European Union (25) 4 1.8 -12 -33 15

Above 5 170 73.3 - - - Above 5 40 20.5 - - -Japan

World 140 100.0 39 34 44United States 64 46.0 37 66 14European Union (25) 28 20.3 ... ... 121Hong Kong, China 12 8.6 155 297 64Korea, Republic of 11 8.0 16 -45 144Switzerland 9 6.8 -4 -28 29

Above 5 125 89.6 - - -

b In 2006, ASEAN countries accounted for 45 per cent of exports.

Exports of personal, cultural and recreational services of selected economies by destination, 2006

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

a In 2006, personal, cultural and recreational services not allocated geographically accounted for 3 per cent of exports.

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4.8.1 Audiovisual services

Rank Exporters ValueShare in 15 economies

Annual percentage

change Rank Importers ValueShare in 15 economies

Annual percentage

change

1 United States 11078 46.3 9 1 European Union (27) 11974 63.7 -82 European Union (27) 8887 37.1 -9 Extra-EU (27) imports 5777 30.7 -10

Extra-EU (27) exports 3816 15.9 -11 2 Canada 2030 10.8 183 Canada 2073 8.7 9 3 Japan 981 5.2 94 Mexico 383 1.6 3 4 United States 845 4.5 -95 Hong Kong, China 258 1.1 5 5 Australia 704 3.7 196 Norway 230 1.0 20 6 Russian Federation 459 2.4 217 Argentina 215 0.9 17 7 Brazil 387 2.1 238 Korea, Republic of 170 0.7 33 8 Norway 378 2.0 139 Russian Federation 154 0.6 21 9 Mexico 326 1.7 18

10 Australia 151 0.6 20 10 Korea, Republic of 229 1.2 4411 China 137 0.6 3 11 Argentina 174 0.9 112 Japan 104 0.4 27 12 China 121 0.6 -2113 Ecuador 41 0.2 7 13 Ecuador 116 0.6 914 Albania 39 0.2 ... 14 Colombia 53 0.3 2815 Colombia 28 0.1 15 15 Hong Kong, China 35 0.2 -3

Above 15 23945 100.0 - Above 15 18810 100.0 -

Note : Based on information available to the Secretariat. As certain major traders in personal, cultural and recreational services do not report the item audiovisual and related services separately, they may not appear in the list. See the Metadata, Section II.2.

Major exporters and importers of audiovisual and related services, 2006

Table III.40

(Million dollars and percentage)

Table III.41

(Million dollars and percentage)

Value Share Value Share

2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006 2006 2006 2004-06 2005 2006

United States European Union (27)World 11078 100.0 3 -2 9 World 8887 100.0 -8 -7 -9European Union (25) 6509 58.8 -1 -2 0 European Union (25) 5031 56.6 -5 -3 -7Canada 1073 9.7 23 -2 54 United States 1831 20.6 -12 -21 -3Japan 727 6.6 -8 -3 -13 Japan 379 4.3 22 122 -33Australia 501 4.5 12 -1 27 Switzerland 351 4.0 -35 -24 -44Brazil 349 3.2 43 43 43 Norway 247 2.8 -3 0 -6

Above 5 9159 82.7 - - - Above 5 7840 88.2 - - -Mexico 302 2.7 10 -2 22 Australia 196 2.2 -7 -9 -5South Africa 116 1.0 2 -20 30 Brazil 90 1.0 15 27 5Korea, Republic of 111 1.0 17 -20 71 Singapore 65 0.7 171 489 24Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 100 0.9 -6 -32 30 Korea, Republic of 54 0.6 6 -17 35Norway 98 0.9 43 17 75 South Africa 48 0.5 9 -11 33New Zealand 92 0.8 11 -20 53 Canada 46 0.5 -9 -7 -11Switzerland 69 0.6 27 -9 77 Hong Kong, China 44 0.5 50 104 11Taipei, Chinese 67 0.6 2 -23 34 Russian Federation 37 0.4 8 -5 23Hong Kong, China 48 0.4 7 5 9 Turkey 23 0.3 -12 -45 41Singapore 44 0.4 4 -12 22 Israel 22 0.2 -4 -21 17

Above 15 10206 92.1 - - - Above 15 8465 95.3 - - -

Exports of audiovisual and related services of selected economies by destination, 2006

Annual percentage change

Annual percentage change

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IV. IV. METADATA

This chapter details the methodology and sources for the statistics used in International Trade Statistics 2008.

1. Composition of geographical and economic groupings

WTO members are frequently referred to as “countries”, although some members are not countries in the usual sense of

the word but are offi cially “customs territories”. The defi nition of geographical and other groupings in this report does not imply an

expression of opinion by the Secretariat concerning the status of any country or territory, the delimitation of its frontiers, nor the rights

and obligations of any WTO member in respect of WTO agreements. The colours, boundaries, denominations, and classifi cations in

the maps of this publication do not imply, on the part of the WTO, any judgement on the legal or other status of any territory, or any

endorsement or acceptance of any boundary.

Throughout this report, South and Central America and the Caribbean is referred to as South and Central America; the

Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China, the Republic of Korea and the Separate

Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu are referenced as Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela; Hong Kong, China; Korea,

Republic of; and Taipei, Chinese respectively.

Table IV.1

Composition of regions and other economic groupings

Regions

North America

Bermuda

Canada*

Mexico*

United States of America*

Other territories in the region not elsewhere specified

South and Central America and the Caribbean

Antigua and Barbuda* Brazil* Ecuador* Jamaica* Saint Lucia*

Argentina* Chile* El Salvador* Netherlands Antilles Saint Vincent and the Grenadines*

Bahamas** Colombia* Grenada* Nicaragua* Suriname*

Barbados* Costa Rica* Guatemala* Panama* Trinidad and Tobago*

Belize* Cuba* Guyana* Paraguay* Uruguay*

Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela* Dominica* Haiti* Peru*

Bolivia* Dominican Republic* Honduras* Saint Kitts and Nevis*

Other territories in the region not elsewhere specified

Europe Andorra** Denmark* Iceland* Montenegro** Slovenia*

Austria* Estonia* Ireland* Netherlands* Spain*

Belgium* Finland* Italy* Norway* Sweden*

Bosnia and Herzegovina** France* Latvia* Poland* Switzerland*

Bulgaria* FYR Macedonia* Liechtenstein Portugal* Turkey*

Croatia* Germany* Lithuania* Romania* United Kingdom*

Cyprus* Greece* Luxembourg* Serbia**

Czech Republic* Hungary* Malta* Slovak Republic*

Other territories in the region not elsewhere specified

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

Armenia* Georgia* Moldova* Turkmenistan

Azerbaijan** Kazakhstan** Russian Federation** Ukraine*

Belarus** Kyrgyz Republic* Tajikistan** Uzbekistan**

Other territories in the region not elsewhere specified

Africa

Algeria** Congo* Guinea* Morocco* South Africa*

Angola* Congo, Dem. Rep. of* Guinea-Bissau* Mozambique* Sudan**

Benin* Côte d'Ivoire* Kenya* Namibia* Swaziland*

Botswana* Djibouti* Lesotho* Niger* Tanzania*

Burkina Faso* Egypt* Liberia Nigeria* Togo*

Burundi* Equatorial Guinea** Libyan Arab Jamahiriya** Rwanda* Tunisia*

Cameroon* Eritrea Madagascar* Sao Tome and Principe** Uganda*

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Table IV.1 (continued)

Composition of regions and other economic groupings

Regions (continued)Cape Verde* Ethiopia** Malawi* Senegal* Zambia*

Central African Republic* Gabon* Mali* Seychelles** Zimbabwe*

Chad* Gambia* Mauritania* Sierra Leone*

Comoros Ghana* Mauritius* Somalia

Other territories in the region not elsewhere specified

Middle East

Bahrain* Israel* Lebanon** Saudi Arabia* Yemen**

Iran, Islamic Rep. of** Jordan* Oman* Syrian Arab Republic

Iraq** Kuwait* Qatar* United Arab Emirates*

Other territories in the region not elsewhere specified

Asia

Afghanistan** Hong Kong, China* Malaysia* Papua New Guinea* Tonga*

Australia* India* Maldives* Philippines* Tuvalu

Bangladesh* Indonesia* Mongolia* Samoa** Vanuatu**

Bhutan** Japan* Myanmar* Singapore* Viet Nam*

Brunei Darussalam* Kiribati Nepal* Solomon Islands*

Cambodia* Korea, Republic of* New Zealand* Sri Lanka*

China* Lao People's Dem. Rep.** Pakistan* Taipei, Chinese*

Fiji* Macao, China* Palau Thailand*

Other territories in the region not elsewhere specified

* WTO members

** Observer governments

Regional integration agreements

Andean Community

Bolivia

Colombia

Ecuador

Peru

ASEAN (Association of South East Asian Nations) / AFTA (ASEAN Free Trade Area)

Brunei Darussalam Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Thailand

Cambodia Lao People's Dem. Rep. Myanmar Singapore Viet Nam

CACM (Central American Common market)

Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Nicaragua

CARICOM (Caribbean Community and Common Market)

Antigua and Barbuda Belize Guyana Montserrat Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Bahamas Dominica Haiti Saint Kitts and Nevis Suriname

Barbados Grenada Jamaica Saint Lucia Trinidad and Tobago

CEMAC (Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa)

Cameroon Chad Congo Equatorial Guinea GabonCentral African RepublicCOMESA (Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa)Burundi Egypt Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Namibia Swaziland

Comoros Eritrea Madagascar Rwanda Uganda

Congo, Dem. Rep. of Ethiopia Malawi Seychelles Zambia

Djibouti Kenya Mauritius Sudan Zimbabwe

ECCAS (Economic Community of Central African States)

Angola Central African Republic Congo, Dem. Rep. of Gabon Sao Tome and Principe

Burundi Chad Equatorial Guinea Rwanda

Cameroon Congo

ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States)

Benin Côte d'Ivoire Guinea Mali Senegal

Burkina Faso Gambia Guinea- Bissau Niger Sierra Leone

Cape Verde Ghana Liberia Nigeria Togo

EFTA (European Free Trade Association)

Iceland Liechtenstein Norway Switzerland

European Union (27)

Austria Estonia Ireland Netherlands Spain

Belgium Finland Italy Poland Sweden

Bulgaria France Latvia Portugal United Kingdom

Cyprus Germany Lithuania Romania

Czech Republic Greece Luxembourg Slovenia

Denmark Hungary Malta Slovak Republic

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Table IV.1 (continued)

Composition of regions and other economic groupings

Regional integration agreements (continued)

GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council)

Bahrain Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates

Kuwait

MERCOSUR (Southern Common Market)

Argentina Brazil Paraguay Uruguay

NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) Canada Mexico United States

SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation)/ SAPTA (South Asian Preferential Trade Arrangement)

Bangladesh India Nepal Pakistan Sri Lanka

Bhutan Maldives

SADC (Southern African Development Community)

Angola Madagascar Mauritius South Africa Zambia

Botswana Lesotho Mozambique Swaziland Zimbabwe

Congo, Dem. Rep. of Malawi Namibia United Republic of Tanzania

WAEMU (West African Economic and Monetary Union)

Benin Côte d'Ivoire Mali Senegal Togo

Burkina Faso Guinea- Bissau Niger

Other groups

ACP (African, Caribbean and Pacific countries)

Angola Cook Islands Guyana Nauru Somalia

Antigua and Barbuda Côte d’Ivoire Haiti Niger South Africa

Bahamas Cuba Jamaica Nigeria Sudan

Barbados Djibouti Kenya Niue Suriname

Belize Dominica Kiribati Palau Swaziland

Benin Dominican Republic Lesotho Papua New Guinea Timor Leste

Botswana Equatorial Guinea Liberia Rwanda Togo

Burkina Faso Eritrea Madagascar Saint Kitts and Nevis Tonga

Burundi Ethiopia Malawi Saint Lucia Trinidad and Tobago

Cameroon Fiji MaliSaint Vincent and the Grenadines

Tuvalu

Cape Verde Gabon Marshall Islands Samoa Uganda

Central African Republic Gambia Mauritania Sao Tome and Principe United Republic of Tanzania

Chad Ghana Mauritius Senegal Vanuatu

Comoros Grenada Micronesia Seychelles Zambia

Congo Guinea Mozambique Sierra Leone Zimbabwe

Dem. Rep. of the Congo Guinea-Bissau Namibia Solomon Islands

Africa

North Africa

Algeria Egypt Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Morocco Tunisia

Sub- Saharan Africa Western Africa

Benin Gambia Guinea-Bissau Mauritania Senegal

Burkina Faso Ghana Liberia Niger Sierra Leone

Cape Verde Guinea Mali Nigeria Togo

Côte d’Ivoire

Central Africa

Burundi Central African Republic Congo Equatorial Guinea Rwanda

Cameroon Chad Dem. Rep. of the Congo Gabon Sao Tome and Principe

Eastern Africa

Comoros Ethiopia Mauritius Somalia United Republic of Tanzania

Djibouti Kenya Seychelles Sudan Uganda

Eritrea Madagascar

Southern Africa

Angola Lesotho Mozambique South Africa Zambia

Botswana Malawi Namibia Swaziland Zimbabwe

Territories in Africa not elsewhere specified

Asia

East Asia (including Oceania): Australia Indonesia Mongolia Samoa Tuvalu

Brunei Darussalam Japan Myanmar Singapore Vanuatu

Cambodia Kiribati New Zealand Solomon Islands Viet Nam

China Lao People’s Dem. Rep. Papua New Guinea Taipei, Chinese

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Table IV.1 (continued)

Composition of regions and other economic groupings

Other groups (continued)Fiji Macao, China Philippines Thailand

Hong Kong, China Malaysia Republic of Korea Tonga

West Asia: Afghanistan Bhutan Maldives Pakistan Sri Lanka

Bangladesh India Nepal

Other countries and territories in Asia and the Pacific not elsewhere specified

LDCs (Least-developed countries)

Afghanistan Chad Haiti Mozambique Somalia

Angola Comoros Kiribati Myanmar Sudan

Bangladesh Congo, Dem. Rep. of Lao People's Dem. Rep. Nepal Timor Leste

Benin Djibouti Lesotho Niger Togo

Bhutan Equatorial Guinea Liberia Rwanda Tuvalu

Burkina Faso Eritrea Madagascar Samoa Uganda

Burundi Ethiopia Malawi Sao Tome and Principe United Republic of Tanzania

Cambodia Gambia Maldives Senegal Vanuatu

Cape Verde Guinea Mali Sierra Leone Yemen

Central African Republic Guinea-Bissau Mauritania Solomon Islands Zambia

Six East Asian traders

Hong Kong, China Republic of Korea Singapore Taipei, Chinese Thailand

Malaysia

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2. Defi nitions and methodology

2.1 Merchandise trade

2.1.1 Exports and imports

Two systems of recording merchandise exports and imports are in common use. They are referred to as general trade and

special trade and differ mainly in the way warehoused and re-exported goods are treated. General trade fi gures are larger than

the corresponding special trade fi gures because the latter exclude certain trade fl ows, such as goods shipped through bonded

warehouses.

To the extent possible, total merchandise trade is defi ned in this report according to the general trade defi nition. It covers all

types of inward and outward movement of goods through a country or territory including movements through customs warehouses

and free zones. Goods include all merchandise that either add to or substract from the stock of material resources of a country or

territory by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) the country’s economic territory. For further explanations, see United Nations

International Trade Statistics, Concepts and Defi nitions, Series M, N° 52, Revision 2.

Unless otherwise indicated, exports are valued at transaction value, including the cost of transportation and insurance to bring

the merchandise to the frontier of the exporting country or territory (“free on board” valuation). Imports are valued at transaction

value plus the cost of transportation and insurance to the frontier of the importing country or territory (“cost, insurance and freight”

valuation).

2.1.2 Products

All product groups are defi ned according to Revision 3 of the Standard International Trade Classifi cation (SITC).

Table IV.2

Products

A. Primary products

(i) Agricultural products (SITC sections 0, 1, 2 and 4 minus divisions 27 and 28)of which,

- Food (SITC sections 0, 1, 4 and division 22)of which,

0 - Food and live animals

1 - Beverages and tobacco

4 - Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes

22 - Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits

- - Fish (SITC division 03)- - Other food products and live animals ( SITC sections 0, 1, 4 and division 22 minus division 03)

- Raw materials (SITC divisions 21, 23, 24, 25, 26, 29)of which,

21 - Hides, skins and furskins, raw

23 - Crude rubber (including synthetic and reclaimed)

24 - Cork and wood

25 - Pulp and waste paper

26 - Textile fibres (other than wool tops and other combed wool) and their wastes (not manufactured into yarn or fabric)29 - Crude animal and vegetable materials, not elsewhere specified

(ii) Fuels and mining products (SITC section 3 and divisions 27, 28, 68)of which,

- Ores and other minerals (SITC divisions 27, 28)

of which,

27 - Crude fertilizers, other than those of division 56, and crude minerals (excluding coal, petroleum and precious stones)

28 - Metalliferous ores and metal scrap

- Fuels (SITC section 3)

- Non-ferrous metals (SITC division 68)

B. Manufactures (SITC sections 5, 6, 7, 8 minus division 68 and group 891)

(i) Iron and steel (SITC division 67)

(ii) Chemicals (SITC section 5)of which,

- Pharmaceuticals (SITC division 54)

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Table IV.2 (continued)

Products

- Other chemicals (SITC divisions 51, 52, 53, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59)of which,

51 - Organic chemicals52 - Inorganic chemicals

53 - Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials

55 - Essential oils and resinoids and perfume materials; toilet, polishing and cleaning preparations

56 - Fertilizers (other than those of Group 272, i.e Fertilizers, crude)

57 - Plastics in primary forms

58 - Plastics in non-primary forms59 - Chemical materials and products, not elsewhere specified

(iii) Other semi-manufactures (SITC divisions 61, 62, 63, 64, 66, 69)of which,

61 - Leather, leather manufactures, not elsewhere specified and dressed furskins

62 - Rubber manufactures, not elsewhere specified

63 - Cork and wood manufactures (excluding furniture)

64 - Paper, paperboard and articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard

66 - Non-metallic mineral manufactures, not elsewhere specified69 - Manufactures of metals, not elsewhere specified

(iv) Machinery and transport equipment (SITC section 7) - Office and telecommunication equipment (SITC divisions 75, 76 and group 776)of which,

- - Electronic data processing and office equipment (SITC division 75) - - Telecommunications equipment (SITC division 76) - - Integrated circuits, and electronic components (SITC group 776)

- Transport equipment (SITC group 713, sub-group 7783 and divisions 78, 79)of which,

78 - Road vehicles (including air-cushion vehicles)

79 - Other transport equipment

- - Automotive products (SITC groups 781, 782, 783, 784 and subgroups 7132, 7783)of which,

781 - Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (other than public-transport type vehicles), including station wagons and racing cars

782 - Motor vehicles for the transport of goods and special purpose motor vehicles

783 - Road motor vehicles, not elsewhere specified

784 - Parts and accessories of the motor vehicles and tractors

7132 - Internal combustion piston engines for propelling vehicles listed above

- -Other transport equipment (SITC division 79, groups 713, 785, 786 minus sub-group 7132)of which,

79 - Other transport equipment

713 - Internal combustion piston engines, and parts thereof, not elsewhere specified

785 - Motorcycles and cycles, motorized and non-motorized

786 - Trailers and semi-trailers, other vehicles (not mechanically propelled), and specially designed and equipped transport containers

- Other machinery (SITC divisions 71, 72, 73, 74, 77 minus groups 713, 776 minus sub-group 7783)of which,

- - Power generating machinery (SITC division 71 minus group 713)of which,

71 - Power generating machinery and equipment

minus

713 - Internal combustion piston engines, and parts thereof, not elsewhere specified

- - Non-electrical machinery (SITC divisions 72, 73, 74)of which,

72 - Machinery specialized for particular industries

73 - Metal working machinery

74 - General industrial machinery and equipment, not elsewhere specified and machine parts, not elsewhere specified

- - Electrical machinery (SITC division 77 minus group 776 and subgroup 7783)of which,

77 - Electrical machinery, apparatus and appliances, not elsewhere specified and electrical parts thereof

minus

776 - Thermionic, cold cathode or photo-cathode valves and tubes7783 - Electrical equipment, not elsewhere specified, for internal combustion engines and vehicles; and parts thereof

(v) Textiles (SITC division 65)(vi) Clothing (SITC division 84)

(vii) Other manufactures (SITC divisions 81, 82, 83, 85, 87, 88, 89 excluding group 891)of which,

- Personal and household goods (SITC divisions 82, 83 and 85)of which,

82 - Furniture and parts thereof, bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings

83 - Travel goods, handbags and similar containers

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Table IV.2 (continued)

Products

85 - Footwear

- Scientific and controlling instruments (SITC division 87) - Miscellaneous manufactures (SITC divisions 81, 88 and 89 minus group 891)of which,

81 - Prefabricated buildings, sanitary plumbing, heating and lighting fixtures and fittings, not elsewhere specified

88 - Photographic apparatus, equipment and supplies and optical goods, not elsewhere specified; watches and clocks

89 - Miscellaneous manufactured articles, not elsewhere specified

C. Other products: commodities and transactions not classified elsewhere (including gold); arms and ammunition (SITC section 9 and group 891)

9- Commodities and transactions not classfied elsewhere in SITC

891 - Arms and Ammunition

Throughout this report, other food products and live animals; beverages and tobacco; animal and vegetable oils, fats and

waxes; oilseeds and oleaginous fruit are referred to as other food products; electronic data processing and offi ce equipment is

referred to as EDP and offi ce equipment; and integrated circuits and electronic components is referred to as integrated circuits.

2.1.3 World trade network

The world merchandise trade network by region and product from which Appendix tables A2 and A10 are derived is based

on export data. The network is constructed in the following way:

First, total merchandise exports from each of the seven regions are aggregated from the individual country or territory fi gures

published in Appendix table A6.

Next, the total merchandise exports of each region are distributed by destination and then by product. The regional and

commodity breakdown is based on UNSD Comtrade database, EUROSTAT, national statistics and Secretariat estimates.

During this process, the principal adjustments to the fi gures are as follows:

(i) Exports of ships to the open registry countries Panama and Liberia are re-allocated from each region’s exports to South and

Central America and Africa to “unspecifi ed destinations” (a category not shown separately).

(ii) China’s exports are adjusted to approximate their fi nal destination.

(iii) Exports of non-monetary gold, where known, are included. When they cannot be broken down by destination, they are

allocated to “unspecifi ed destinations”.

(iv) South Africa’s trade does not include trade with the former Southern African Customs Union members.

2.1.4 Merchandise trade of selected major traders by product, region and major trading partner

(Appendix tables A18 to A28)

These tables are derived from UNSD Comtrade and EUROSTAT. For trade by product, world totals include shipments which

have not been distinguished by origin or destination. For trade by region and partner, world totals include goods which have not

been specifi ed by product.

The following adjustment has been made to the fi gures:

Exports of ships to the open registry countries Panama and Liberia are reallocated from each economy’s exports to South and

Central America and Africa to “unspecifi ed destinations” (a category not shown separately).

The selection of each economy’s major trading partners is based on a ranking of total trade (exports plus imports) of each

economy with their trading partners in 2007 (member States of the EU (27) are counted as one trading partner).

2.1.5 Merchandise trade and the goods account in balance of payments statistics

Merchandise trade statistics serve as an input for the compilation of the goods account in the balance of payments (BOP) and

the rest of the world account in the System of National Accounts (SNA).

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The compilation of international merchandise trade statistics (IMTS) relies principally on customs records complemented, as

appropriate, by additional sources to enhance their coverage (for instance, to include electricity, or trade in vessels and aircrafts).

These statistics essentially refl ect the physical movement of goods across borders, while National Accounts and BOP statistics

record transactions that involve change in ownership.

The goods account in the BOP is generally compiled on the basis of IMTS after they have been adjusted for coverage, timing,

and valuation.

Coverage differences between BOP statistics and IMTS concern mainly:

items such as blueprints, videos, and tapes which are regarded as services within the BOP (hence are excluded from goods)

whereas they are included in merchandise trade statistics at the value of the material support;

goods that for practical reasons are excluded from merchandise trade but should in theory be recorded in BOP statistics,

such as fi sh and salvage sold abroad by resident vessels, or imports of bunkers and stores acquired abroad for mobile

equipment operated by residents;

goods under the improvement and repair trade regime should be excluded from IMTS, but they are to be included in the

goods account at the value of the repair under the BPM5;

Another coverage difference concerns goods that are imported in an economy where they undergo processing operations,

and are thereafter re-exported. IMTS recommends that these movements be recorded on a gross basis, whereas BPM5

distinguishes between goods that return to the country of origin (included within the goods account but reported separately)

and those that are sent to a third economy (such fl ows are considered as trade in general merchandise between the economy

of origin and fi nal destination, and should be excluded from the goods account of the economy where the processing takes

place)

The physical movement of goods across border measured in IMTS do not necessarily coincide in timing with changes in the

ownership of goods. BPM5 therefore recommends the application of specifi c adjustments for such cases.

As far as valuation is concerned, the issue that affects most data comparability concerns the point of valuation, namely,

whether goods are valued at the importer’s border - that is at the cost, insurance and freight value - or at the free on board value

at the exporter’s border. IMTS guidelines recommend the adoption of the c.i.f. valuation for imports whereas the fi fth edition of the

IMF’s Balance of Payments Manual (BPM5) requires the f.o.b. valuation. Additional adjustments may be made by BOP compilers to

conform to the BPM5 requirement for a market price for valuing trade, processing trade, and with respect to currency conversion.

Once adjusted, merchandise trade is recorded in the goods category of the current account, along with services, income, and

current transfers. Therefore, within the balance of payments framework transactions in both goods and services are harmonized

and provide for comparable statistical series. Strictly speaking, it is not correct to aggregate the fi gures for commercial services and

merchandise shown elsewhere in this report.

It should be noted that some economies still apply the concepts of the fourth edition of the Balance of Payments Manual, and

thus do not include goods for processing and goods procured in port carriers in the goods account.

2.2 Trade in commercial services

Depending on the location of the supplier and the consumer, the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) defi nes

four modes of supply. In addition to the cross-border supply (mode 1), where both the supplier and the consumer remain in their

respective home territories, GATS also covers cases where consumers are outside their home territory to consume services (mode

2 – consumption abroad), or cases where service suppliers are in the territory of the consumers to provide their services, whether

by establishing affi liates through direct investment abroad (mode 3 – commercial presence), or through the presence of natural

persons (mode 4).

A country’s balance of payments, that is the services account, can be used to derive estimates covering trade in commercial

services for modes 1, 2 and 4. The Balance of Payments does however not include most of the information on the local deliveries of

services through foreign affi liates that is required to estimate the size of mode 3. A framework for collecting these data, the “Foreign

Affi liates Trade in Services (FATS) statistics”, has been developed and adopted by the international statistical community in 2002.

Further information on these “new” statistics is developed below.

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2.2.1 Trade in commercial services between residents and non residents of an economy

Exports and imports

Exports (credits or receipts) and imports (debits or payments) of commercial services derived from statistics on international

service transactions are included in the balance of payments statistics, in conformity with the concepts, defi nitions and classifi cation

of the fi fth (1993) edition of the IMF Balance of Payments Manual.

Defi nition of commercial services in the balance of payments

In the fi fth edition of the Balance of Payments Manual, the current account is subdivided into goods, services (including

government services, not included elsewhere), income (investment income and compensation of employees), and current transfers.

The commercial services category in this report is defi ned as being equal to services minus government services, not included

elsewhere. Commercial services is further sub-divided into transportation services, travel, and other commercial services.

Transportation services covers sea, air and other including land, internal waterway, space and pipeline transport services that

are performed by residents of one economy for those of another, and that involve the carriage of passengers, the movement of goods

(freight), rentals (charters) of carriers with crew, and related supporting and auxiliary services

Travel includes goods and services acquired by personal travellers, for health, education or other purposes, and by business

travellers. Unlike other services, travel is not a specifi c type of service, but an assortment of goods and services consumed by

travellers. The most common goods and services covered are lodging, food and beverages, entertainment and transportation (within

the economy visited), gifts and souvenirs.

Other commercial services corresponds to the following components defi ned in BPM5:

(i) communications services includes telecommunications, postal and courier services. Telecommunications services

encompasses the transmission of sound, images or other information by telephone, telex, telegram, radio and television cable

and broadcasting, satellite, electronic mail, facsimile services etc., including business network services, teleconferencing and

support services. It does not include the value of the information transported. Also included are cellular telephone services,

Internet backbone services and on-line access services, including provision of access to the Internet;

(ii) construction covers work performed on construction projects and installation by employees of an enterprise in locations

outside the territory of the enterprise (the one-year rule to determine residency is to be applied fl exibly). In addition goods

used by construction companies for their projects are included which implies that the “true” services component tends to be

overestimated;

(iii) insurance services covers the provision of various types of insurance to non residents by resident insurance enterprises, and

vice versa, for example, freight insurance, direct insurance (e.g. life) and reinsurance;

(iv) fi nancial services covers fi nancial intermediation and auxiliary services provided by banks, stock exchanges, factoring

enterprises, credit card enterprises, and other enterprises;

(v) computer and information services is subdivided into computer services (hardware and software related services and data

processing services), news agency services (provision of news, photographs, and feature articles to the media), and other

information provision services (database services and web search portals);

(vi) royalties and licence fees, covering payments and receipts for the use of intangible non-fi nancial assets and proprietary rights,

such as patents, copyrights, trademarks, industrial processes, and franchises;

(vii) other business services, comprising trade-related services, operational leasing (rentals), and miscellaneous business,

professional and technical services such as legal, accounting, management consulting, public relations services, advertising,

market research and public opinion polling, research and development services, architectural, engineering, and other

technical services, agricultural, mining and on-site processing; and

(viii) personal, cultural, and recreational services is subdivided into two categories, (i) audiovisual services and (ii) other cultural

and recreational services. The fi rst component includes services and fees related to the production of motion pictures, radio

and television programmes, and musical recordings. Other personal, cultural, and recreational services includes services

such as those associated with museums, libraries, archives, and other cultural, sporting, and recreational activities.

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Coverage and comparability

With the implementation of BPM5, the coverage and comparability of services trade data have improved over time. However,

given that these improvements have been made gradually, they also resulted in a number of breaks in series and are subject to

signifi cant distortions.

First, some countries do not collect statistics for certain service categories. Second, some service transactions are simply

not registered. If central bank records are used, situations where no fi nancial intermediaries are employed are not counted. In

the case of surveys, the coverage of trading establishments is often incomplete. A particularly serious problem is that services

transmitted electronically are frequently unregistered as well as when the transactions take place within multinational corporations.

Third, statistics may be reported on a net rather than on a gross basis, often as a result of compensation arrangements such as

in rail transport or in communication services. Fourth some services transactions may be diffi cult to capture. It is often easier

for compilers to collect more complete and reliable information on trade in services exports rather than on imports given the large

number and diversity of importers compared to that of exporters, e.g. fi nancial services, computer services. Fifth, some particular

service transactions may not be classifi ed to the appropriate BPM5 services classifi cation. Methodologies to build estimates for

certain service categories may also differ between economies, notably due to the continuing efforts to improve these statistics.

Some economies have made progress in the estimation of insurance services to take into account premium supplements and

claim volatility (i.e. in the case of catastrophic events). Sixth, the alternate sources used for countries which are not members of

the IMF do not necessarily comply with the IMF concepts and defi nitions. Seventh, misclassifi cation of transactions may lead to

an underestimation of commercial services when service transactions are registered as income, transfers or trade in merchandise

rather than trade in services or, conversely, to an overestimation of commercial services when transactions pertaining to income,

transfers or offi cial transactions are registered in the private service categories.

These distortions may be particularly signifi cant at the detailed level, i.e., for a detailed service category, and may lead to

considerable asymmetries between countries’ reported trade fl ows by origin and destination.

The estimation of world trade by services components has been based on reported economy data as shown in the following table:

Table IV.3

Number of economies reporting Balance of Payments services components for 2006

Exports Imports

Total commercial services 180 182

Transportation services 168 170

Travel 169 168

Other commercial services 164 167

Communications services 138 139

Telecommunications services 98 98

Construction 85 104

Insurance services 134 144

Financial services 113 123

Computer and information services 102 105

Computer services 68 74

Royalties and license fees 100 124

Other business services 132 141

Personal, cultural, and recreational services 95 102

Audiovisual and related services 60 64

First, total trade in commercial services from each of the seven regions is aggregated from the individual economy fi gures

published. The breakdown of these data is then applied to missing countries before aggregating regional and world totals. Tables

on major traders are based on reported data only.

Intra-trade of the European Union

The principal source for trade in commercial services are the IMF’s Balance-of-Payments statistics. Intra-EU trade fi gures

have been estimated from statistics included in the New Cronos database, July 2008.

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2.2.2 Foreign affi liates trade in services statistics

The new statistical framework on Foreign Affi liates Trade in Services (FATS) statistics is developed in the Manual on Statistics

of International Trade in Services. The acronym FATS is also used for “foreign affi liates statistics”. Both refer to the same statistical

framework, the former focusing on services trade. It analyses the universe of foreign affi liates for which foreign investors own

more than 50 per cent of the voting power or equity interest. Depending on the compiler’s view, one can distinguish inward FATS,

that is, activities of foreign-owned affi liates in the compiling economy, or, outward FATS, that is, foreign affi liates of the compiling

economy active abroad. Variables such as sales, value added, number of employees, etc. are used to describe the affi liates’

activities. These variables are broken down by country of origin or destination of investments and also by type of primary activity.

Australia and the United States also provide a breakdown of sales into total goods and total services products. FATS statistics are

currently available mainly for OECD and a small number of non-OECD economies. However, given the recent development of these

statistics, comparability and coverage of individual economy data may not always be complete. Availability of detailed data and

long-time series varies considerably between economies. From a GATS perspective, the size of mode 3 in a given country can be

approximated through the sales of foreign-owned affi liates.

2.3 Other defi nitions and methods

2.3.1. Annual changes

Throughout this report, average annual percentage changes are analogous to compound interest rates. In calculating the

average annual rate of change between 2000 and 2005, for example, data for calendar year 2000 were taken as the starting point,

and data for calendar year 2005 as the end point.

2.3.2 Prices

Commodity price movements are primarily described by indices largely based on spot market prices, and therefore exclude

transactions governed by longer-term contracts. Price indices for such commodities as food, beverages, agricultural raw materials,

minerals, non-ferrous metals, fertilizers and crude petroleum are obtained from IMF International Financial Statistics. Aggregates

for all primary commodities and for non-fuel primary commodities are calculated using IMF weights (Appendix table A29).

Export and import prices by commodity group of Germany, Japan and the United States are sourced from national statistics.

Aggregates are calculated by weighting the countries’ price indices with the respective export and import values of the previous year

(Appendix tables A30 and A31).

2.3.3 World merchandise trade indices

The volume and unit value indices are taken from a range of different international and national sources. The reported

volume and unit value indices may not always be available for the most recent years or may differ in product coverage from the

corresponding value indices.

Aggregation of the indices to obtain a world total is a two-tier process. First, export and import unit values from national and

international sources are completed with Secretariat estimates for missing data. They are then aggregated to obtain regional totals.

The volume index for each region is obtained by dividing the respective trade value index for each region by the corresponding

regional unit value index.

Second, to obtain the total world merchandise volume index, regional unit value indices are aggregated and the world trade

value is defl ated by the world unit value index. Throughout the aggregation process trade values of the previous year are used as

weights.

2.3.4 World production

Production of agriculture (including hunting, forestry and fi sh), mining and manufacturing is defi ned according to major

Categories A, B, C and D of the International Standard Industrial Classifi cation of all Economic Activities Revision 3 (ISIC). World

production in these sectors is estimated by combining production indices published by the FAO, OECD, UNIDO and UNSD. The

world index is derived through aggregation of the three sectors by using value added shares in 2000 as weights.

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2.3.5 World gross domestic product

World GDP growth is estimated as a weighted average of economies’ real GDP growth. The weights used are shares of

economies in 2000 world nominal GDP converted to dollars at market exchange rates.

The use of offi cial exchange rates which are not market-based for some major economies, together with the fl uctuations of

the United States dollar vis-à-vis major currencies, can have a signifi cant impact on the weighting pattern. The increasing use of

weights based on purchasing power parities (PPP) by other international organizations is meant to attenuate “anomalies” linked to

these factors. In a period of widely diverging growth rates among countries and regions, the choice of the weighting pattern can

have a marked infl uence on the global growth estimate. For the 2000-2005 period, global growth estimates based on PPP-weights

indicate a signifi cantly faster growth than estimates using weights based on GDP data measured at market exchange rates. This is

because of differences in the two weighting patterns. Relative to weights based on GDP at market exchange rates, PPP weights are

low for the transition economies - especially the successor States of the former USSR with a poor growth record, and high for major

developing countries (in particular China) with above average growth.

2.3.6 Re-exports and re-imports

Under the system of general trade adopted in this report, re-exports are included in total merchandise trade (see

Section II.1).

However, in the case of Hong Kong, China, the magnitude of its re-exports (amounting in 2007 to $331 billion), if included

in regional or world aggregates, would adversely affect the analytical value of the statistics by introducing a signifi cant element of

double counting. Therefore, Hong Kong, China’s re-exports are excluded from the world and from Asia aggregates (unless otherwise

indicated); only Hong Kong, China’s domestic exports and retained imports are included in the totals. For this reason, the fi gures

for world exports and for exports of Asia shown in Appendix tables A2 and A10 are smaller than those in Appendix table A6. When

retained imports are not published, an approximation is made on the basis of re-export values.

China reports imports from China (re-imports), a trade fl ow which accounted for 9.0 per cent ($85.8 billion) of its total

merchandise imports in 2007. These imports consist of products which have been produced in China and thereafter temporarily

exported. The product structure of China’s imports from China indicates that in absolute terms offi ce and telecom equipment

is the largest category ($42.9 billion) in this particular trade fl ow. The share of re-imports is particularly large in the imports of

telecommunications equipment (37.5 per cent), EDP and offi ce equipment (33.7 per cent), electrical machinery (25.8 per cent) and

in textiles (20.0 per cent). Further information on these imports is provided in Box 2 of the International Trade Statistics 2005.

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3. Specifi c notes for selected economies

3.1 Merchandise trade statistics of the European Union

Beginning with the 2002 report, EU data compiled according to national statistical practices have been replaced, starting

1993, with data compiled by Eurostat in accordance with EU legislation. The concepts and defi nitions adopted by the EU are in

line with the United Nations’ International Trade Statistics, Concepts and Defi nitions, Series M, N° 52, Revision 2. As a result,

the conceptual differences between EU member states’ data have been substantially reduced. Moreover, for the EU as a whole,

Eurostat data are more timely than the previous source, thus reducing substantially the amount of estimation included in the EU

aggregate.

Since January 1993, statistics on the trade between the member states of the EU have been collected through the “Intrastat”

system (see GATT 1994, International Trade Trends and Statistics). The coverage of this system, which relies on reports submitted

by fi rms for transactions above a minimum value, is not as wide as the previous one, which was based on customs declarations. This

is particularly noticeable on the import side. For example, prior to the adoption of the Intrastat system, reported intra-EU imports

(c.i.f.) closely matched reported intra-EU exports (f.o.b.). However, from 1993 onwards, the reported value of intra-EU imports has

been on average around 3 per cent lower than the value of intra-EU exports, indicating a substantial under-reporting of intra-EU

imports. As a result of this inconsistency, the Secretariat has substituted intra-EU exports data for intra-EU imports at the aggregate

EU level when estimating regional and world totals. However, this adjustment is not allocated between EU member countries.

Hence, the sum of reported imports of individual EU members does not add to the fi gure for EU imports as a whole. This adjustment

is also refl ected in the volume estimates for the EU as a whole.

3.2 Egypt’s export processing zone

Egypt’s merchandise trade statistics are based on the special trade system, and exclude processing zone exchanges with the

rest of the world. These have increased markedly in recent years. In 2006, processing zone imports from and exports to the rest of

the world amounted to $4.6 billion and $4.6 billion respectively. If Egypt’s merchandise trade data were adjusted accordingly, the

size of its exports of manufactures (in particular clothing) would be signifi cantly higher.

3.3 Trade of South Africa with SACU (South African Customs Union)

South Africa’s merchandise exports (and imports) exclude shipments to (from) other SACU members (Botswana, Lesotho,

Namibia and Swaziland). Partner statistics indicate that South African shipments amount to 80 percent of these countries’ total

merchandise imports in 2002. This share – most likely – increased thereafter and represents an important trade fl ow for the African

region. If South Africa’s exports would be adjusted for these shipments to SACU members, its total exports would increase by at

least $5 billion in 2007 and intra-African trade would be substantially higher, with intra-SACU trade being the largest intra trade fl ow

for regional trade agreements in Africa.

3.4 Major breaks in data continuity of merchandise trade

Between 1997 and 1998 for the Russian Federation due to the use of Balance of Payments methodology by GOSKOMSTAT

starting 1998.

Beginning 2003, Singapore includes merchandise trade with Indonesia.

Between 1994 and 1995 for Ukraine, due to a change in data collection procedures.

Between 1996 and 1997 for the Slovak Republic, and between 1997 and 1998 for Poland, due to the introduction of new

arrangements in customs procedures to harmonize with the standards of the European Union.

With respect to the Russian Federation, considerable uncertainty remains about the accuracy of foreign trade statistics,

especially as regards imports. A large proportion of the reported data on imports consists of offi cial estimates of infl ows of goods

which enter the economy without being registered by the customs authorities. Such adjustments to import data accounted for 11

per cent of the offi cially reported totals in 2007; and, on the export side, for about 1 per cent of total reported exports.

Merchandise trade fl ows between the European Union member States include trade associated with fraudulent VAT

declaration, which concerns mainly offi ce and telecommunications equipment. Between 2006 and 2007, intra-EU merchandise

trade statistics have been particularly affected by a considerable reduction in this fraudulent trade in the United Kingdom.

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3.5 Trade in insurance services of the United States

In 2003, the United States revised its methodology for estimating trade in insurance services. The new methodology measures

insurance services as premiums less normal claims. Normal claims comprise two components: “regularly occurring claims” that

are calculated as an average of all claims paid during the previous six years, and a share of “catastrophic claims” that is added-on

to “regularly occurring claims” in equal increments over the two decades following their event.

As comprehensive data collection on insurance services started in 1986, the fi rst six-year average of “regularly occurring

claims” could only be calculated for 1992. As a result, time series on trade in insurance services, and consequently on other

commercial services, have been revised back to 1992. To complete the 2003 revision, in 2004 the United States added to insurance

services an estimate of premium supplements (or income earned on technical reserves of insurance companies). Insurance

companies provide fi nancial protection to policy holders through the pooling of risk and provide fi nancial intermediation services

through the investment of reserves. The income is treated as accruing to the policy holders who pay it back to the insurers as

supplements to premiums to cover the full cost of insurance. The investment income of insurance companies is not output in and

of itself; it is used to impute the value of the implicit component of insurance services attributable to fi nancial intermediation.

3.6 Travel exports and transportation services exports and imports of Japan

In order to enhance the coverage of estimates of travel exports and imports, the Bank of Japan and the Japanese Ministry of

Finance reviewed their compilation methodology, notably by including results from a new expenditure survey of foreign travellers as

of 2003. This revision had a major impact on the estimates for travel exports. This methodology was reviewed in 2007 based on the

results of a new survey (International Travelers’ Survey on Expenditures) which are used in the new compilation method to directly

estimate the amounts spent by travelers to pay for goods and services. This applies to exports and imports data as from 2006. In

order to maintain consistent growth rates, data shown in this report for Japanese 1995-2005 travel trade and trade in commercial

services include provisional Secretariat estimates referring to the new compilation methodology (i.e. after January 2006) applied by

the Japanese authorities and therefore they differ from 1995-2005 fi gures available elsewhere.

Data shown for transportation services in this report are consistent with revised 1996-2004 data published in 2006 by the

Bank of Japan (based on a new methodology for measuring sea freight fares).

3.7 Trade in other commercial services of India

In the course of 2004, the Reserve Bank of India released new data following the introduction of a new reporting system to

improve the coverage of Indian trade in services statistics (mainly affecting the item other business services).

3.8 Trade in commercial services of United Arab Emirates

Commercial services trade statistics of United Arab Emirates only cover transportation and travel.

3.9 Trade in commercial services of Nigeria

New data from 2005 compiled on the basis of BPM5 recommendations were released by the Bank of Nigeria in 2007. This

results in a break in series for Nigerian data in 2005.

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4. Statistical sources

Most frequently used sources for statistics are:

EUROSTAT, Comext and New Cronos databases

FAO, FAOSTAT Agriculture database

FAO, Production Yearbook

IMF, Balance of Payments Statistics

IMF, International Financial Statistics

IMF, World Economic Outlook database

OECD, Main Economic Indicators

OECD, Measuring Globalisation: The Role of Multinationals in OECD Economies

OECD, Monthly Statistics of International Trade

OECD, National Accounts

OECD, Statistics on International Trade in Services

OECD/IEA, Energy Prices & Taxes

UNECE, Economic Survey of Europe

UNECLAC, Overview of the Economies of Latin America and the Caribbean

UNIDO, National Accounts Statistics Database

UNSD, Comtrade database (for OECD members the UNSD-OECD Joint Trade Data Collection and Processing system)

UNSD, International Trade Statistics Yearbook

UNSD, Monthly Bulletin of Statistics

World Bank, World Development Indicators

These sources are supplemented by national publications and other international databases such as the Global Trade Atlas of

Global Trade Information Services, Inc. and Secretariat estimates.

Figures for total merchandise trade are largely derived from IMF, International Financial Statistics. Data on merchandise trade

by origin, destination and product are mainly obtained from Eurostat’s Comext database and UNSD’s Comtrade database. Some

inconsistencies in the aggregate export and import data for the same country or territory between sources are inevitable. These can

be attributed to the use of different systems of recording trade, to the way in which for example IMF and UNSD have converted data

expressed in national currencies into dollars, and revisions which can be more readily incorporated in the IMF data.

Statistics on trade in commercial services are mainly drawn from the IMF Balance of Payments Statistics. For economies that

do not report to the IMF (e.g., Chinese Taipei) data are drawn from national sources. Estimations for missing data are mainly based

on national statistics. Statistics on trade in commercial services by origin and destination are also derived from national statistics.

GDP series in current dollars are mainly derived from the World Bank World Development Indicators, supplemented in some

cases with statistics from the IMF World Economic Outlook database.

Acknowledgements are due to the Food and Agriculture Organization, the International Monetary Fund, the Organisation

for Economic Co-operation and Development, the Statistical Offi ce of the European Communities, the United Nations Economic

Commission for Europe, the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, the United Nations Statistics

Division, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization, the World Intellectual Property Organization and the World Bank

whose assistance in supplying advance information has greatly facilitated the work of the Secretariat. Acknowledgements are also

due to national institutions for providing advance statistics.

Closing date for merchandise trade statistics (Customs basis) and commercial services (Balance of Payments basis) is 15 July

2008. For foreign affi liates trade in services statistics the closing date is 31 August 2008.

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Table A1

(Index, 2000=100)

GDP

Total aAgricultural

products

Fuels and mining

products Manufactures Total aAgricultural

products

Fuels and mining

products Manufactures Total Agriculture Mining Manufacturing

1950 1 5 1 0 5 17 12 2 14 29 25 10 151951 1 7 1 1 5 18 13 3 15 30 27 11 161952 1 6 2 1 5 18 15 3 16 31 28 11 161953 1 6 2 1 6 19 16 3 17 32 29 12 171954 1 6 2 1 6 19 17 3 17 33 29 12 181955 1 6 2 1 7 21 18 4 19 34 32 14 191956 2 6 2 1 7 21 19 4 20 35 34 15 201957 2 7 2 1 8 23 21 4 20 35 34 15 201958 2 7 2 1 8 24 20 4 20 38 34 15 201959 2 7 2 1 9 27 21 5 22 39 35 17 221960 2 7 2 1 10 28 26 5 23 40 38 18 231961 2 7 3 1 10 30 27 6 24 40 41 19 241962 2 7 3 2 11 30 28 6 26 42 44 21 251963 2 8 3 2 12 31 30 7 28 43 46 22 271964 3 9 3 2 13 32 32 8 30 45 49 25 281965 3 9 4 2 14 34 33 9 32 45 51 27 301966 3 9 4 2 15 35 35 9 34 46 54 29 321967 3 9 4 3 16 36 39 10 36 48 55 31 331968 4 10 5 3 18 38 44 12 38 49 59 33 351969 4 10 5 3 20 40 46 13 40 49 61 35 371970 5 12 6 4 22 41 52 15 42 51 65 37 391971 6 12 7 5 24 42 53 16 44 52 68 39 411972 7 15 8 5 25 45 56 18 46 52 70 42 431973 9 22 11 7 29 46 62 20 50 55 74 46 461974 13 26 25 10 30 43 61 22 51 56 75 47 471975 14 27 24 10 28 44 54 21 50 58 71 45 471976 16 30 28 12 31 47 57 24 54 58 77 49 501977 18 34 31 14 33 49 59 25 56 60 79 51 521978 21 38 32 16 34 52 62 26 58 62 80 54 541979 26 47 47 20 36 55 66 28 60 63 87 56 561980 32 54 67 23 37 58 62 29 60 63 85 57 581981 32 53 65 23 36 61 55 30 60 65 78 57 591982 30 49 58 22 36 60 52 30 59 67 73 56 601983 29 48 53 22 37 60 52 31 61 67 72 58 621984 31 51 53 24 40 62 54 35 64 71 75 62 641985 31 48 51 25 41 61 54 36 66 73 74 64 671986 34 53 39 30 42 60 58 38 68 74 76 66 691987 39 61 43 36 45 64 59 40 71 75 77 69 711988 45 69 44 42 48 65 63 44 74 76 81 73 751989 48 72 50 45 52 67 66 47 77 79 85 75 781990 54 76 58 51 54 68 69 50 78 81 86 76 791991 55 76 55 53 56 70 72 52 77 81 85 75 801992 59 82 54 57 58 74 75 54 77 83 86 75 811993 59 78 52 57 61 75 77 56 77 83 88 75 821994 67 91 55 66 66 81 82 63 79 86 89 77 841995 80 107 63 79 71 85 85 68 83 88 91 81 861996 84 109 72 82 75 89 89 72 86 91 94 84 881997 87 108 74 86 82 94 95 80 90 94 97 89 911998 85 103 59 88 86 95 97 84 92 95 98 91 931999 89 99 68 91 90 96 97 88 95 98 96 94 962000 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 1002001 96 100 91 96 100 102 100 99 99 102 100 98 1012002 101 106 92 101 103 105 102 103 100 103 100 100 1032003 118 124 113 117 109 109 107 109 104 106 104 104 1062004 143 142 153 141 120 113 114 121 109 111 108 109 1102005 163 154 211 155 127 119 118 130 113 113 110 113 1142006 188 171 269 176 138 127 122 143 116 115 111 118 1182007 217 204 309 202 146 133 126 154 121 118 111 124 122

Note : See the Metadata for the estimation of world aggregates of merchandise exports, production and GDP.

World merchandise exports, production and gross domestic product, 1950-2007

Volume

a Includes unspecified products.

Value

Exports Exports Production

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Table A.1 (continued )

(Annual percentage change)

GDP

Total aAgricultural

products

Fuels and mining

products Manufactures Total aAgricultural

products

Fuels and mining

products Manufactures Total Agriculture Mining Manufacturing

1950-63 7.4 3.7 8.5 10.1 7.7 4.5 7.2 8.6 5.2 2.9 4.8 6.6 4.71964 11.8 6.9 11.8 15.0 10.9 5.4 8.8 14.9 9.1 4.8 8.6 10.0 7.21965 8.3 4.3 7.1 10.9 6.6 5.1 3.2 7.4 5.6 0.0 3.9 9.1 4.11966 9.2 4.1 9.8 10.8 7.7 3.7 6.2 10.3 6.6 3.4 5.1 8.3 6.51967 5.2 -0.2 5.7 7.7 5.7 2.4 10.3 4.7 4.9 3.3 2.4 5.1 3.71968 11.0 4.1 14.2 14.9 10.8 5.7 12.0 17.9 5.9 3.2 7.1 7.3 5.91969 14.2 6.9 9.2 16.5 12.2 5.4 6.0 16.5 5.6 0.0 2.2 8.0 6.71970 14.6 10.6 13.6 15.4 8.7 3.1 12.4 8.7 5.3 3.1 7.5 5.3 5.11971 11.7 7.4 11.3 13.7 7.0 2.0 1.0 9.0 5.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 4.41972 18.3 20.3 14.1 19.4 8.4 6.9 6.9 10.1 4.8 0.0 2.9 6.7 5.61973 38.4 45.5 47.4 34.1 12.1 0.9 10.2 14.2 8.2 4.9 6.5 9.8 6.91974 44.9 21.7 122.9 31.3 5.4 -4.5 -1.7 8.8 2.5 1.9 1.8 3.3 2.11975 4.3 1.0 -4.0 8.8 -7.3 1.0 -12.0 -4.0 -1.6 3.6 -6.0 -3.9 1.41976 13.1 10.5 16.3 12.8 11.8 7.5 6.8 12.6 6.7 0.9 8.3 8.2 5.11977 13.7 13.5 10.6 14.7 4.2 3.5 2.7 5.0 3.9 2.6 3.4 4.5 4.21978 15.8 13.3 3.7 21.6 4.7 6.8 5.3 5.9 4.5 3.4 0.8 5.1 4.61979 27.0 24.4 47.0 21.3 5.2 4.8 5.9 5.0 3.6 0.8 8.9 4.1 4.01980 22.4 13.8 41.8 15.9 2.3 6.8 -6.3 5.9 -0.7 0.9 -2.6 0.7 2.91981 -1.2 -1.9 -3.2 -0.7 -0.6 5.0 -9.9 4.0 0.1 3.6 -7.9 0.2 2.01982 -6.4 -7.5 -10.6 -3.6 -2.2 -2.0 -5.8 -2.1 -1.0 3.2 -6.9 -1.4 0.81983 -2.0 -1.4 -8.0 0.5 2.6 0.2 -0.9 5.1 2.2 0.1 -0.9 3.1 2.91984 5.9 5.3 -0.9 8.1 8.4 2.8 4.8 10.8 6.5 5.3 3.8 7.2 4.61985 -0.3 -5.7 -3.2 3.8 2.6 -1.2 -1.2 4.8 2.8 2.4 -1.1 3.4 3.51986 9.4 11.1 -23.8 20.3 4.0 -1.7 9.1 4.1 2.8 1.8 3.0 3.1 3.41987 17.4 14.9 11.0 19.7 5.5 5.6 1.7 6.3 3.5 1.0 1.3 4.4 3.71988 13.7 13.1 0.9 16.1 8.5 2.7 5.6 9.5 4.9 1.7 5.3 5.7 4.51989 7.8 4.3 15.5 6.9 6.4 3.1 4.4 7.8 3.5 3.4 4.5 3.4 3.81990 12.9 4.7 16.2 14.4 3.9 0.7 5.7 5.5 1.3 2.5 1.0 1.0 2.51991 1.5 0.8 -6.2 3.3 3.7 3.3 3.3 3.6 -0.4 0.4 -0.5 -0.6 0.81992 6.7 7.1 -0.9 8.0 4.8 6.0 4.3 4.7 0.1 2.3 0.8 -0.5 1.11993 0.0 -4.1 -3.5 0.0 4.4 1.0 3.5 4.1 -0.1 0.6 2.0 -0.6 0.91994 13.6 15.8 5.1 15.6 9.3 8.7 6.7 11.1 2.8 2.9 1.6 2.9 2.21995 19.4 17.7 15.2 20.0 7.4 4.6 3.6 9.0 4.6 2.1 2.2 5.5 2.31996 4.6 2.5 14.2 3.5 5.1 3.9 3.9 5.3 3.5 4.3 2.7 3.5 3.31997 3.4 -1.3 2.7 4.6 10.1 5.9 7.1 11.0 4.9 2.4 3.3 5.7 3.41998 -1.5 -4.6 -20.6 2.3 4.6 1.5 2.5 4.8 2.2 1.6 1.1 2.4 2.11999 3.9 -3.7 15.6 3.3 4.6 1.0 -0.7 5.1 3.1 3.3 -1.3 3.6 2.92000 12.9 1.0 46.4 10.3 10.8 4.0 3.5 13.6 5.2 1.9 3.7 6.2 4.22001 -4.1 0.2 -9.1 -3.8 -0.2 1.6 -0.1 -0.6 -1.0 1.6 -0.1 -1.7 1.52002 4.8 5.9 1.1 5.3 3.5 3.4 2.0 3.8 1.4 1.6 0.1 1.6 1.82003 16.9 16.7 23.2 15.8 5.7 3.8 5.4 5.7 3.5 2.7 3.6 3.7 2.62004 21.7 14.6 34.7 20.5 9.7 3.6 6.3 11.2 5.1 5.0 4.4 5.3 3.92005 13.8 8.2 38.0 9.9 6.4 5.8 3.5 7.4 3.2 2.0 1.7 3.8 3.22006 15.7 11.2 27.7 13.2 8.4 6.2 3.6 10.2 3.2 1.5 0.9 4.1 3.72007 15.3 19.5 14.9 15.0 5.9 4.7 3.1 7.3 3.9 2.5 0.1 4.9 3.4

a Includes unspecified products.Note : See the Metadata for the estimation of world aggregates of merchandise exports, production and GDP.

World merchandise exports, production and gross domestic product, 1950-2007

Exports Exports Production

VolumeValue

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Table A2

Network of world merchandise trade by region, 2005-2007

(Billion dollars)

Destination World aSouth and C. America

Origin Total Total EU (27) Total

World 2005 10213.00 2107.34 1621.45 300.15 4440.18 4087.32 352.86 224.59 128.682006 11813.00 2364.33 1811.76 364.45 5131.70 4723.44 408.26 291.76 163.452007 13619.00 2516.73 1914.95 450.66 5955.87 5463.30 492.57 396.58 227.99

North America 2005 1478.64 824.81 486.10 86.77 238.17 217.23 20.93 6.67 4.442006 1674.88 903.06 528.81 107.15 278.68 251.71 26.97 8.27 5.532007 1853.50 951.18 555.42 130.65 328.74 294.56 34.18 12.42 8.71

United States 2005 904.29 331.94 . 71.53 205.38 187.38 18.00 5.87 3.942006 1036.63 364.93 . 88.18 238.35 214.92 23.43 7.08 4.712007 1162.48 385.63 . 106.47 276.00 247.73 28.27 10.64 7.37

South and Central America 2005 359.21 129.23 113.46 85.41 66.48 61.94 4.54 4.98 4.482006 434.27 145.85 127.18 100.63 89.57 82.44 7.12 6.15 5.542007 499.17 151.30 132.76 122.04 105.64 96.53 9.11 6.44 5.72

Europe 2005 4397.53 396.46 337.66 57.43 3222.80 2979.66 243.15 109.34 74.982006 4975.58 430.21 363.75 66.07 3667.12 3396.79 270.32 143.17 96.322007 5772.20 458.50 385.06 80.40 4243.56 3924.40 319.16 189.05 129.06

European Union (27) 2005 4065.91 362.48 311.04 53.49 2987.94 2755.64 232.30 100.85 70.092006 4590.87 393.02 334.37 61.49 3394.15 3135.37 258.78 131.63 89.882007 5319.66 419.40 354.46 74.44 3926.07 3621.92 304.16 174.39 120.77

Other Europe 2005 331.36 33.98 26.62 3.95 234.86 224.02 10.84 8.50 4.892006 384.39 37.19 29.38 4.58 272.97 261.43 11.54 11.54 6.442007 452.54 39.10 30.60 5.96 317.48 302.48 15.00 14.66 8.29

CIS 2005 340.40 19.76 17.05 6.21 194.16 160.59 33.57 62.43 18.132006 423.26 23.62 21.22 5.74 247.36 207.73 39.63 79.31 21.482007 510.31 23.56 21.03 6.28 287.45 236.16 51.29 103.20 29.47

Russian Federation 2005 243.80 16.38 14.53 4.70 149.89 126.66 23.24 33.55 . 2006 303.93 20.29 18.66 4.28 190.48 162.71 27.77 43.38 . 2007 355.18 19.87 18.20 4.02 219.05 184.73 34.32 53.83 .

Africa 2005 308.65 65.20 57.66 9.36 129.89 119.98 9.91 0.71 0.532006 366.70 80.52 70.22 11.11 151.79 140.55 11.24 0.71 0.542007 424.14 91.87 80.14 14.62 167.55 155.51 12.04 0.94 0.72

Middle East 2005 542.04 63.43 60.08 3.69 89.63 76.83 12.80 3.28 0.972006 662.25 72.37 67.99 4.28 95.87 79.53 16.34 4.31 1.522007 759.89 83.93 73.63 4.36 108.30 89.00 19.29 4.76 1.59

Asia 2005 2786.62 608.45 549.45 51.28 499.05 471.09 27.96 37.17 25.152006 3275.99 708.71 632.60 69.48 601.31 564.68 36.63 49.85 32.522007 3799.73 756.39 666.91 92.30 714.64 667.13 47.51 79.78 52.72

Japan 2005 594.91 151.71 135.95 9.35 93.48 87.82 5.66 5.20 4.492006 647.01 166.46 147.20 11.99 100.88 94.21 6.67 8.31 7.062007 712.77 166.43 145.62 14.98 112.85 105.65 7.20 12.52 10.77

China 2005 761.95 225.96 204.87 17.72 186.82 178.31 8.51 21.36 13.212006 968.94 284.20 254.98 26.64 243.96 231.36 12.60 28.00 15.842007 1217.78 326.21 289.36 39.32 317.28 299.17 18.11 48.01 28.47

Australia & New Zealand 2005 127.83 12.82 10.16 1.56 15.43 14.76 0.68 0.46 0.342006 145.87 13.08 10.54 1.76 19.63 18.79 0.84 0.73 0.602007 168.29 14.28 11.41 2.04 21.69 19.54 2.16 0.83 0.66

Other Asia 2005 1301.93 217.97 198.47 22.64 203.31 190.20 13.11 10.15 7.112006 1514.18 244.97 219.88 29.09 236.84 220.32 16.52 12.81 9.032007 1700.89 249.47 220.52 35.95 262.81 242.77 20.04 18.43 12.82

Other Europe

Russian Federation

North America Europe

United States

CIS

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Table A2 (continued)

Network of world merchandise trade by region, 2005-2007

(Billion dollars)

Middle East

Total Total Total China Other Origin

247.02 57.57 189.45 329.88 2450.06 475.58 133.70 1840.78 514.38 1326.39 2005 World 287.11 70.56 216.55 387.49 2850.10 535.85 148.16 2166.10 626.18 1539.92 2006 354.87 80.61 274.26 482.67 3293.64 582.78 172.84 2538.02 755.09 1782.93 2007

17.57 4.35 13.22 34.12 270.23 64.46 20.43 185.35 48.84 136.51 2005 North America 21.70 5.20 16.50 42.02 313.79 69.54 23.12 221.13 63.67 157.46 2006 27.27 6.41 20.86 50.08 352.12 73.15 24.62 254.36 75.81 178.55 2007

15.52 3.88 11.64 31.89 241.92 55.41 18.42 168.10 41.83 126.27 2005 United States 18.99 4.46 14.53 39.14 279.83 59.64 20.70 199.50 55.22 144.28 2006 23.66 5.52 18.14 46.34 313.29 62.67 22.02 228.60 65.24 163.36 2007

9.08 2.11 6.97 6.40 47.52 9.92 0.93 36.67 18.03 18.64 2005 South and Central America 11.24 2.66 8.58 7.86 60.67 12.99 0.99 46.69 23.49 23.20 2006 13.68 3.14 10.54 9.10 80.23 16.02 1.43 62.77 34.21 28.56 2007

112.16 23.20 88.96 122.81 331.45 59.56 31.12 240.78 67.87 172.91 2005 Europe 120.97 25.91 95.06 129.34 368.18 62.19 31.82 274.16 84.75 189.41 2006 147.71 29.35 118.37 152.92 433.67 65.98 37.07 330.63 104.51 226.11 2007

105.94 22.27 83.67 108.39 305.51 53.41 29.31 222.79 63.68 159.11 2005 European Union (27) 113.32 24.58 88.73 113.15 337.59 55.20 29.81 252.57 79.14 173.43 2006 138.13 27.62 110.50 132.28 395.68 58.47 34.52 302.70 97.12 205.58 2007

6.21 0.93 5.28 14.43 25.94 6.15 1.81 17.99 4.19 13.80 2005 Other Europe 7.66 1.33 6.33 16.20 30.59 6.99 2.01 21.59 5.61 15.98 2006 9.59 1.73 7.86 20.64 37.99 7.51 2.55 27.93 7.40 20.53 2007

4.88 0.05 4.83 10.11 41.26 5.91 0.07 35.28 18.44 16.84 2005 CIS 4.96 0.04 4.92 11.78 46.22 6.44 0.08 39.70 22.31 17.39 2006 6.87 0.05 6.82 16.24 59.62 10.22 0.09 49.31 27.07 22.24 2007

2.29 0.02 2.27 4.27 32.50 5.57 0.05 26.88 14.30 12.58 2005 Russian Federation 2.34 0.02 2.33 4.05 36.54 5.99 0.03 30.52 17.20 13.31 2006 3.82 0.01 3.81 6.72 45.82 9.51 0.05 36.27 19.29 16.97 2007

29.37 6.93 22.44 5.59 54.97 8.17 1.69 45.10 17.77 27.33 2005 Africa 34.14 9.05 25.09 9.34 68.48 11.03 1.48 55.97 24.11 31.86 2006 40.47 10.37 30.10 10.53 80.88 12.25 1.54 67.08 30.31 36.77 2007

19.87 6.03 13.85 60.47 278.55 83.67 2.30 192.58 27.63 164.95 2005 Middle East 24.34 7.38 16.96 75.58 351.82 102.61 3.11 246.10 36.71 209.39 2006 27.53 7.90 19.63 93.37 397.30 113.49 4.88 278.93 46.07 232.85 2007

54.09 14.91 39.19 90.37 1426.07 243.89 77.16 1105.02 315.81 789.21 2005 Asia 69.75 20.31 49.45 111.57 1640.94 271.04 87.56 1282.34 371.13 911.21 2006 91.35 23.40 67.95 150.44 1889.82 291.67 103.20 1494.95 437.10 1057.85 2007

6.99 3.27 3.72 16.52 303.47 . 14.86 288.61 98.42 190.19 2005 Japan 8.46 4.05 4.40 19.19 322.78 . 14.58 308.19 111.88 196.31 2006 10.32 4.61 5.71 26.19 361.49 . 16.70 344.79 129.93 214.86 2007

18.53 3.83 14.70 22.16 269.16 102.35 15.42 151.39 . 151.39 2005 China 26.20 5.77 20.43 29.56 329.45 112.03 18.79 198.64 . 198.64 2006 36.52 7.43 29.09 43.98 405.32 124.80 24.68 255.84 . 255.84 2007

3.07 1.54 1.53 4.46 87.74 23.88 11.52 52.34 13.33 39.01 2005 Australia & New Zealand 3.66 1.86 1.81 5.38 99.31 26.72 11.33 61.27 16.61 44.66 2006 4.15 2.25 1.90 6.62 116.60 28.86 13.76 73.98 23.54 50.43 2007

25.50 6.27 19.24 47.22 765.69 117.65 35.36 612.69 204.07 408.62 2005 Other Asia 31.44 8.62 22.81 57.44 889.40 132.30 42.86 714.24 242.64 471.60 2006 40.36 9.10 31.26 73.64 1006.41 138.01 48.06 820.34 283.62 536.71 2007

a Includes unspecified destinations.Note : For sources and methods see the Metadata.

South Africa

DestinationAfrica Asia

JapanOther AsiaAustralia/

New ZealandOther Africa

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Table A3

(Billion dollars)

1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

European Union (27)Total exports - - 2357 2453 2469 2638 3149 3762 4066 4591 5320

Intra-exports - - 1629 1668 1677 1794 2166 2577 2756 3135 3622Extra-exports - - 728 785 792 843 983 1185 1310 1456 1698

Total imports - - 2419 2580 2549 2672 3214 3855 4222 4830 5574Intra-imports - - 1627 1663 1673 1786 2156 2576 2754 3133 3622Extra-imports - - 792 917 877 886 1058 1278 1468 1697 1952

NAFTATotal exports 1014 1014 1071 1225 1148 1106 1163 1324 1479 1675 1853

Intra-exports 495 520 580 682 637 626 652 739 825 902 952Extra-exports 519 494 491 543 510 480 511 585 654 773 902

Total imports a 1208 1271 1421 1679 1570 1591 1715 1996 2269 2524 2684Intra-imports 482 512 574 664 620 609 632 705 782 855 905Extra-imports 726 759 847 1014 950 982 1083 1291 1487 1669 1779

ASEANTotal exports 356 331 362 432 388 407 475 569 655 771 864

Intra-exports 88 73 81 104 91 95 116 145 165 191 216Extra-exports 268 259 281 328 297 312 359 423 490 580 649

Total imports 382 287 310 381 347 365 410 511 603 688 774Intra-imports 76 64 70 89 78 86 97 113 148 173 190Extra-imports 306 223 240 291 269 279 313 398 455 515 584

MERCOSURTotal exports 83 81 74 85 88 89 106 136 164 190 224

Intra-exports 21 20 15 18 15 10 13 17 21 26 32Extra-exports 63 61 59 67 73 79 93 118 143 164 192

Total imports 101 99 83 90 84 62 69 95 114 141 184Intra-imports 21 21 16 18 16 11 13 18 22 26 34Extra-imports 80 78 67 72 68 52 56 77 91 114 151

Andean CommunityTotal exports 25 22 23 26 25 26 30 39 51 65 76

Intra-exports 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 5 5 6Extra-exports 22 20 22 24 23 23 27 36 47 60 70

Total imports 31 30 22 25 27 28 31 37 46 56 70Intra-imports 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 4 5 6 7Extra-imports 28 28 20 22 25 26 27 33 41 50 63

a Imports of Canada and Mexico are valued f.o.b.Note: The figures are not fully adjusted for differences in the way members of the arrangements in this table record their merchandise trade.

Merchandise trade of selected regional trade agreements, 1997-2007

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Table A4

1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

Exports World a 5591.0 5501.0 5712.0 6456.0 6191.0 6492.0 7585.0 9220.0 10485.0 12113.0 13950.0North America and Europe

EFTA 126.5 121.2 127.8 142.5 143.4 153.6 175.5 208.2 237.7 273.4 313.2European Union (27) ... ... 2357.0 2452.6 2469.5 2637.6 3148.9 3762.4 4065.9 4590.9 5319.7NAFTA 1014.0 1013.9 1070.6 1224.9 1147.5 1106.2 1162.9 1323.3 1478.6 1674.8 1853.4

South and Central America Andean Community 24.8 21.9 23.2 26.2 25.3 26.0 30.0 38.9 51.4 64.8 76.2CACM 12.0 14.0 14.8 15.5 14.4 16.7 18.0 19.9 21.7 24.2 27.1CARICOM 6.3 5.8 6.4 8.1 7.8 7.3 9.0 11.1 14.9 20.1 21.4MERCOSUR 83.2 81.4 74.3 84.6 87.8 88.8 106.1 135.8 164.0 190.2 223.9

Africa CEMAC 7.4 5.8 6.7 8.4 8.4 8.9 11.6 16.6 22.9 27.1 29.4COMESA 27.6 23.1 23.9 31.3 28.4 28.8 37.5 49.1 65.8 81.9 97.0ECCAS 14.1 10.9 12.7 17.2 16.0 18.5 22.5 32.0 49.4 61.5 72.2ECOWAS 25.3 20.4 24.4 30.3 27.6 29.5 37.0 53.7 67.1 77.8 85.7SADC 49.9 42.4 44.0 50.3 48.5 51.5 61.7 79.4 97.8 116.4 139.2WAEMU 7.3 7.6 7.7 6.7 7.0 8.7 9.9 11.6 12.7 14.0 14.5

Middle East and Asia ASEAN 355.9 331.1 362.1 432.0 387.6 407.4 474.8 568.9 655.2 770.7 864.4GCC 133.0 96.0 118.2 176.0 160.2 167.9 212.7 285.2 397.6 480.4 549.9SAPTA 53.9 52.6 55.0 64.2 64.4 70.8 84.0 105.2 132.6 158.0 185.1

Memorandum: ACP 103.3 88.0 95.2 112.9 107.3 112.2 136.6 181.5 226.7 269.7 310.8LDCs 27.7 25.7 28.8 36.1 36.1 40.5 46.1 61.3 83.3 103.5 123.6WTO Members (153) a 5416.4 5356.3 5550.1 6217.3 5970.8 6266.3 7305.2 8842.1 9979.4 11472.9 13193.2

Imports World a 5739.0 5683.0 5921.0 6727.0 6485.0 6744.0 7863.0 9569.0 10857.0 12428.0 14244.0North America and Europe

EFTA 113.7 120.1 116.5 119.5 119.3 124.3 143.1 168.0 187.0 211.9 248.2European Union (27) ... ... 2419.1 2579.9 2549.4 2672.1 3214.2 3854.5 4222.3 4829.9 5573.9NAFTA 1214.7 1281.4 1425.7 1686.8 1582.7 1604.3 1726.6 2011.7 2287.4 2543.8 2706.3

South and Central America Andean Community 30.8 30.4 22.3 24.5 27.2 28.4 30.6 36.9 46.3 56.3 70.1CACM 16.6 19.6 20.2 21.9 23.1 26.2 28.2 32.1 36.3 41.5 47.3CARICOM 12.4 12.5 12.4 14.1 14.0 14.1 15.1 17.0 20.4 23.0 25.2MERCOSUR 100.9 99.2 82.7 89.9 84.2 62.3 69.1 95.1 113.9 140.6 184.4

Africa CEMAC 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.8 5.1 5.9 6.3 7.3 8.9 10.9 13.7COMESA 39.3 42.2 38.7 36.5 37.5 36.9 39.7 50.5 65.3 72.1 88.5ECCAS 8.0 7.7 7.9 7.9 9.6 11.2 13.9 15.6 20.2 23.4 30.0ECOWAS 20.9 21.1 21.8 20.9 23.6 19.7 25.9 32.7 43.0 46.3 59.3SADC 52.2 47.7 45.4 48.2 46.9 48.9 65.5 84.8 99.0 117.8 140.9WAEMU 7.2 7.8 8.1 7.4 7.4 7.9 10.2 12.4 14.4 15.4 18.6

Middle East and Asia ASEAN 381.9 287.3 309.8 380.7 347.1 366.8 411.8 513.8 603.1 688.0 774.0GCC 83.6 84.0 78.3 85.4 90.4 99.3 117.3 154.3 188.3 223.8 295.5SAPTA 68.4 67.4 73.5 80.6 77.6 84.5 105.2 140.7 194.3 235.2 283.6

Memorandum: ACP 113.3 110.2 108.1 113.7 117.0 115.3 141.3 176.6 216.7 252.3 301.1LDCs 38.9 40.0 42.2 44.2 48.0 50.5 60.5 72.8 87.7 100.6 120.7WTO Members (153) a 5573.8 5532.4 5793.7 6581.0 6319.1 6566.4 7650.6 9282.4 10513.0 12015.5 13717.0

a Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export. Note: Breaks in the continuity of the value series for particular countries and regional groupings are indicated by an 'I'. See the Metadata.

Merchandise trade by selected groups of economies, 1997-2007

(Billion dollars)

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Table A5

1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

ExportsWorld 1307.1 1340.4 1392.3 1478.4 1481.8 1593.8 1829.3 2209.9 2473.4 2777.9 3291.5North America and Europe

EFTA 40.8 42.1 44.1 45.9 45.2 48.6 55.5 67.1 77.5 85.6 104.5European Union (27) 567.6 I 611.7 628.9 642.3 666.1 734.6 878.4 1057.2 1161.8 1294.8 1549.7NAFTA 274.6 283.1 305.9 330.9 317.1 325.2 339.8 389.5 431.6 472.0 535.6

South and Central AmericaAndean Community 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.2 4.6 5.4 6.2 7.0 8.0CACM 2.6 3.0 3.5 3.9 4.1 4.3 4.6 5.2 5.8 6.7 7.6CARICOM 6.3 6.5 7.1 7.3 6.8 7.1 7.6 8.5 9.1 9.8 10.3MERCOSUR 12.0 13.7 13.2 15.6 14.8 13.5 15.3 18.5 23.1 27.7 34.8

AfricaCEMAC 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.5 ...COMESA 13.3 11.9 13.7 14.0 13.3 13.8 16.0 20.5 22.0 24.4 ...ECCAS 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.8 1.9 2.1 ...ECOWAS 2.4 2.8 2.9 3.7 3.8 4.8 6.1 6.4 I 6.5 7.8 ...SADC 8.8 8.9 8.9 8.8 8.8 9.0 12.7 15.0 17.0 18.4 21.4WAEMU 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.9 2.1 2.2 ...

Middle East and AsiaASEAN 70.8 57.4 62.8 68.0 67.3 74.0 78.5 103.9 115.5 129.9 153.2GCC 8.3 9.1 9.9 9.9 10.6 11.0 12.7 14.8 19.7 25.8 ...SAPTA 12.6 14.3 17.3 19.3 20.4 22.7 27.6 42.5 60.2 80.3 95.3

Memorandum:ACP 25.6 26.2 28.0 29.2 29.1 30.5 37.2 42.5 49.5 54.4 63.8LDCs 5.9 5.7 6.0 6.2 6.4 6.8 7.5 9.0 10.0 11.6 ...WTO Members (153) 1277.6 1311.5 1366.5 1450.2 1450.6 1556.2 1781.7 2153.7 2408.7 2702.7 3200.4

ImportsWorld 1282.9 1314.6 1362.1 1451.1 1470.0 1556.7 1777.1 2117.1 2350.8 2620.1 3085.9North America and Europe

EFTA 28.9 30.6 31.0 30.5 32.0 35.0 40.3 49.3 58.5 62.4 75.4European Union (27) 535.9 I 588.9 601.9 615.7 637.4 690.7 823.2 961.7 1047.4 1149.5 1361.0NAFTA 201.3 216.4 237.6 268.4 264.2 270.9 291.7 337.2 367.6 402.4 440.1

South and Central AmericaAndean Community 7.4 7.3 6.8 7.1 7.6 7.5 7.9 9.0 10.4 11.8 13.6CACM 2.8 3.3 3.6 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.4 4.9 5.4 6.1 6.9CARICOM 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.7 5.2 5.7 6.7 7.2MERCOSUR 24.6 26.2 23.2 25.8 25.2 19.2 20.7 23.5 31.0 36.8 46.9

AfricaCEMAC 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.8 4.2 4.8 6.1 7.1 8.5 ...COMESA 12.3 12.5 12.0 13.6 13.1 13.5 13.7 17.0 21.4 24.2 ...ECCAS 5.7 6.4 5.8 6.1 7.4 7.5 8.1 11.1 14.4 16.6 ...ECOWAS 8.3 8.0 7.3 6.6 8.2 8.7 10.6 11.6 I 12.5 15.5 ...SADC 12.8 13.1 12.5 12.6 13.0 13.0 15.6 20.5 25.1 28.3 33.3WAEMU 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.5 2.6 2.9 3.6 4.2 4.5 4.9 ...

Middle East and AsiaASEAN 84.5 66.5 74.9 86.6 88.4 93.2 103.5 125.0 137.8 153.1 176.3GCC 29.7 24.5 24.3 26.7 24.2 25.8 29.3 37.4 48.4 62.4 ...SAPTA 17.5 19.0 22.0 24.4 25.5 26.1 31.5 44.7 59.5 76.4 91.9

Memorandum:ACP 34.5 34.7 32.9 33.5 35.7 36.9 42.5 51.4 60.7 71.5 87.6LDCs 12.1 13.0 12.5 13.2 15.0 15.2 17.0 21.4 26.6 30.8 ...WTO Members (153) 1245.3 1280.8 1330.5 1413.7 1426.6 1504.1 1712.9 2037.6 2258.2 2513.6 2952.9

Trade in commercial services by selected groups of economies, 1997-2007

(Billion dollars)

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Table A6

1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

World a 5591000 5501000 5712000 6456000 6191000 6492000 7585000 9220000 10485000 12113000 13950000North America 1014095 1013975 1070690 1224975 1147545 1106240 1162965 1323345 1478645 1674880 1853500

Canada 214422 214327 238446 276635 259858 252394 272739 316762 360087 388227 418974Mexico 110431 117460 136391 166367 158547 160682 165396 187980 214207 249961 271990United States 689182 682138 695797 781918 729100 693103 724771 818520 904289 1036635 1162479

South and Central America 176900 165800 166000 197800 190700 193100 221500 287900 359200 434300 499200Antigua and Barbuda 38 36 38 52 41 39 45 57 82 72 78Argentina 26370 26441 23333 26341 26543 25650 29566 34576 40351 46569 55933Bahamas 181 300 462 576 423 446 425 477 549 665 740Barbados 283 252 264 272 259 242 250 278 359 441 450Belize 176 172 186 218 169 169 205 213 208 274 267Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 23871 17707 20963 33529 26667 26781 27230 39668 55716 65210 69165Bolivia 1167 1104 1051 1230 1285 1299 1598 2146 2791 3875 4490Brazil 52994 51140 48011 55086 58223 60362 73084 96678 118529 137807 160649Chile 17902 16323 17162 19210 18272 18180 21664 32520 41297 58116 68296Colombia 11522 10852 11576 13040 12290 11911 13080 16224 21146 24388 29991Costa Rica 4268 5511 6577 5865 5021 5264 6102 6301 7026 8200 9353Cuba 1812 1512 1496 1676 1661 1421 1688 2332 2159 2905 3701Dominica 53 63 54 53 44 43 40 42 43 41 37Dominican Republic 4614 4989 5137 5737 5276 5165 5471 5936 6145 6610 7237Ecuador 5264 4203 4451 4927 4678 5042 6223 7753 10100 12728 13785El Salvador 2416 2452 2510 2941 2864 2996 3128 3305 3387 3707 3980Grenada 23 35 36 48 43 38 42 32 28 25 38Guatemala 2344 2582 2398 2696 2466 | 4162 4459 5036 5381 6013 6926Guyana 596 484 523 498 478 487 513 593 553 585 681Haiti 212 320 334 318 274 280 347 391 470 516 522Honduras 2440 2929 2777 3343 3423 3745 3754 4534 5048 5195 5594Jamaica 1383 1312 1240 1304 1220 1114 1180 1402 1532 1984 1942Netherlands Antilles 1488 1169 1451 2009 2398 1609 1161 | 521 608 695 676Nicaragua 577 573 545 645 589 561 605 756 858 1050 1202Panama 723 784 822 859 911 846 864 944 1018 1093 1164Paraguay 1089 1014 741 869 990 951 1242 1627 1688 1906 2785Peru 6841 5757 6113 7028 7013 7714 9091 12809 17368 23800 27956Saint Kitts and Nevis 41 28 28 33 31 39 41 40 34 40 40Saint Lucia 61 62 56 43 44 44 62 80 64 94 97Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 46 50 49 47 41 38 38 37 40 38 48Suriname 701 436 342 399 403 469 638 895 950 1200 1400Trinidad and Tobago 2542 2258 2804 4274 4280 3880 5178 6517 9942 14151 15100Uruguay 2726 2771 2237 2295 2060 1861 2206 2931 3405 3953 4485

Europe 2413005 2513200 2521770 2633985 2655665 2839425 3386535 4051100 4397530 4975575 5772205Albania 139 208 351 258 307 340 448 605 658 798 1072Austria 59784 64085 66061 67710 70751 78673 97146 118376 125182 136751 162920Belgium - - 179152 188371 190349 216127 255617 306866 334400 366935 430779Belgium-Luxembourg 174531 181910 - - - - - - - - -Bosnia and Herzegovina 575 605 751 1069 1032 1005 1340 1793 2400 3323 4166Bulgaria 4940 4300 3979 4852 5118 5733 7543 9932 11739 15064 18466Croatia 3981 4517 4303 4432 4666 4904 6187 8024 8773 10377 12360Cyprus 1250 1061 997 951 976 843 923 948 1465 1333 1394Czech Republic 22360 25855 26556 29094 33324 38492 48702 68986 78110 94929 122421Denmark 49273 49013 50296 51292 51705 57495 66512 77079 85121 92558 103453Estonia 2936 3245 3017 3830 4015 4336 5622 | 5932 7716 9693 10996Finland 41471 43752 42243 46102 43237 45145 53171 61520 66060 77032 89705France 302144 320631 325526 327611 323379 331719 392039 452106 463428 495868 553398FYR Macedonia 1237 1311 1191 1323 1158 1116 1367 1676 2041 2401 3356

World merchandise exports by region and selected economy, 1997-2007

(Million dollars)

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Table A6 (continued)

1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

Germany 512891 543752 543539 551810 571645 615831 751560 909887 970914 1108107 1326411Greece 11326 10867 11070 11751 11352 10414 13382 15308 17278 20751 23809Hungary 19100 23005 25032 28192 30436 34517 43094 55567 62936 75255 94618Iceland 1851 1931 2004 1901 2019 2229 2381 2839 3091 3453 4781Ireland 53348 64330 71239 77413 82835 88265 92755 104788 109657 108726 121024Italy 240414 245801 235564 240518 244490 254427 299333 353782 373135 416875 491507Latvia 1670 1810 1723 1868 2001 2285 2893 4009 5161 6155 8311Lithuania 3860 3710 3004 3810 4583 5475 7162 | 9302 11807 14142 17161Luxembourg - - 8203 8378 9759 10214 13297 16250 18797 22903 22441Malta 1641 1834 1978 2453 1822 2028 2252 2517 2399 2665 2919Montenegro - - - - - - - - - 813 859Netherlands 207832 213977 218579 233130 230855 244058 296012 357417 406372 463629 551250Norway 48541 40402 45479 60058 59191 59662 68321 82527 103752 122122 136377Poland 25750 | 28230 27359 31747 35998 41133 53762 75047 89437 110780 138806Portugal 23955 24793 24541 24363 24108 25908 31757 35787 38150 43332 51455Romania 8431 8300 8518 10412 11394 13877 17662 23553 27688 32458 40286Serbia - - - - - - - - - 6428 8825Serbia and Montenegro 2677 2858 1498 1723 1903 2275 2650 3979 5065 - -Slovak Republic 9635 10724 10211 11832 12595 14405 21837 27745 31889 41851 58171Slovenia 8372 9048 8560 8770 9267 10366 12766 16361 19248 23230 30054Spain 100756 111973 104433 115251 116660 125687 156147 182623 192644 213717 241018Sweden 82757 84767 84889 87132 75645 81499 102104 123267 130962 147793 169084Switzerland 76150 78856 80300 80500 82144 91699 104822 122844 130898 147844 172060Turkey 26261 26974 26588 27775 31334 36059 47253 63167 73476 85535 107215United Kingdom 280406 273949 272167 285425 272715 280195 305627 347493 384477 448653 437807

European Union (27) b ... ... 2356999 2452621 2469464 2637595 3148935 3762448 4065910 4590872 5319662extra-EU(27) exports ... ... 728029 784819 792343 843379 983280 1185380 1310271 1455506 1697746

European Union (15) 2140890 2233600 2237500 2316260 2319485 2465660 2926460 ... ... ... ...extra-EU(15) exports 817790 822240 810215 870070 882840 943035 1108095 ... ... ... ...

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 124860 | 106800 106460 145725 144315 153200 194595 265495 340400 423265 510310Armenia 233 221 232 294 343 505 686 723 974 985 1157Azerbaijan 780 605 929 1745 2314 2167 2592 3615 4347 6372 10500Belarus 7301 7070 5909 7326 7451 8021 9946 13774 15979 19734 24339Georgia 240 191 238 323 318 346 461 647 865 993 1240Kazakhstan 6497 5334 5872 8812 8639 9670 12927 20093 27849 38250 47755Kyrgyz Republic 604 514 454 505 476 486 582 719 672 794 1135Moldova 875 630 465 472 568 644 790 985 1091 1052 1342Russian Federation 88330 | 74884 75665 105565 101884 107301 135929 183207 243798 303926 355175Tajikistan 745 595 690 785 650 738 797 915 909 1399 1468Turkmenistan 1000 590 1187 2506 2700 2850 3632 3870 4939 5774 8920Ukraine 14232 12637 11582 14573 16265 17957 23067 32666 34228 38368 49248Uzbekistan 4025 3530 3235 2817 2708 2513 3189 4280 4749 5617 8029

Africa 127500 | 106100 116700 147800 138100 144000 178100 237700 308600 366700 424100Algeria 13894 10209 12525 22031 19133 18799 23163 31304 46001 54613 60163Angola 5007 3543 5157 7921 6534 8328 9508 13475 24109 31862 39900Benin 424 407 422 392 374 448 541 569 578 568 650Botswana 2842 2058 2644 2675 2510 2425 2810 3513 4434 4508 5117Burkina Faso 232 319 255 209 223 247 321 479 468 588 607Burundi 86 65 54 50 39 30 38 47 56 58 62Cameroon 1860 1671 1601 1833 1749 1802 2283 2477 2798 3576 3604Cape Verde 14 10 11 11 10 11 13 15 18 21 19Central African Republic 163 151 146 161 142 147 128 126 128 158 195Chad 237 262 243 183 189 185 601 2191 3149 3408 3450Comoros 6 6 9 14 17 19 27 19 12 10 9Congo 1668 1365 1560 2489 2055 2280 2677 3433 4745 6300 6100

World merchandise exports by region and selected economy, 1997-2007

(Million dollars)

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Table A6 (continued)

1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

Congo, Dem. Rep. of 1449 1422 809 824 901 1132 1374 1850 2190 2320 2650Côte d'Ivoire 4451 4606 4661 3888 3946 5275 5788 6919 7697 8477 8500Djibouti 31 28 28 32 32 36 37 38 40 55 60Egypt 3921 3130 3559 4689 4128 4708 6161 7682 10672 13706 16201Equatorial Guinea 497 439 709 1097 1735 2117 2801 4599 6991 8216 9950Eritrea 57 28 21 37 19 52 7 11 11 11 15Ethiopia 587 561 467 486 455 480 496 678 903 1036 1284Gabon 3024 1916 2394 2598 2524 2409 3062 3728 5065 5450 6150Gambia 15 21 12 15 10 12 8 10 8 11 13Ghana 1635 1795 1720 1671 1716 1850 2324 2450 2804 3705 4214Guinea 685 693 636 666 731 709 609 744 853 1010 1100Guinea-Bissau 48 27 51 62 63 54 65 76 89 74 95Kenya 2053 2008 1747 1734 1944 2116 2411 2684 3293 3437 4080Lesotho 196 194 172 220 280 358 476 708 651 695 805Liberia 430 425 469 329 | 128 176 109 104 131 158 184Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 9656 6659 7947 13380 11014 9803 14647 20410 30948 39200 45400Madagascar 516 538 584 824 928 486 856 992 857 975 1190Malawi 537 431 453 379 449 407 525 483 502 543 710Mali 561 556 571 545 725 874 928 976 1101 1550 1480Mauritania 429 387 358 355 355 332 318 440 625 1367 1510Mauritius 1592 1645 1554 1557 1628 1801 1898 1993 2138 2329 2231Morocco 7032 7153 7367 7432 7144 7849 8778 9925 11190 12744 14656Mozambique 222 230 263 364 703 810 1045 1504 1783 2381 2700Namibia 1338 1232 1234 1320 1179 1072 1262 1827 2070 2647 2919Niger 272 334 287 283 272 279 352 437 478 508 733Nigeria 15207 9855 13856 20975 18045 17975 24031 38631 50467 58726 65500Rwanda 88 60 60 52 86 65 63 98 125 143 177Sao Tome and Principe 5 5 2 3 3 5 7 4 3 4 3Senegal 905 968 1027 920 1003 1067 1257 1509 1578 1594 1698Seychelles 113 122 145 194 216 228 274 291 340 380 360Sierra Leone 17 7 6 13 29 49 92 139 158 231 244Somalia 177 197 191 193 285 297 223 300 300 290 290South Africa c 31027 | 26362 26707 29983 29258 29723 36482 46146 51626 58175 69788Sudan 594 596 780 1807 1699 1949 2542 3778 4824 5657 8879Swaziland 962 973 937 910 1054 1029 1638 1949 2142 2382 2450Tanzania 753 589 543 | 734 851 980 1216 1479 1676 1743 2022Togo 424 420 391 363 357 427 598 601 660 612 690Tunisia 5559 5738 5872 5850 6631 6874 8027 9685 10494 11513 15029Uganda 555 501 519 460 456 481 563 759 1017 1188 1623Zambia 915 1032 1063 666 985 930 981 1576 1810 3770 4619Zimbabwe 2541 2111 1887 1925 1207 2012 1670 1887 1840 2020 2060

Middle East 187300 144500 182300 268000 239800 248200 302500 401400 542000 662200 759900Bahrain 4384 3270 4363 6195 5577 5794 6632 7558 10242 12200 13634Iran, Islamic Rep. of 18381 13118 17128 28739 25689 24440 33750 41697 56252 77012 86000Iraq 4600 5500 12800 20603 12872 12219 9711 17810 23697 31750 41600Israel 22503 22993 25794 31404 29048 29347 31784 38618 42770 46789 54065Jordan 1836 1802 1832 1899 2293 2770 3082 3883 4302 5204 5700Kuwait 14224 9554 12164 19436 16203 15369 20678 28599 44869 55713 62376Lebanon 643 662 677 715 | 1093 1238 1813 2199 2337 2814 3574Oman 7630 5508 7238 11319 11074 11172 11669 13342 18692 21585 24722Qatar 5570 5030 7214 11594 10871 10978 13382 18684 25762 34051 42005Saudi Arabia 60732 38822 50761 77583 68064 72453 93245 125997 180711 211306 234200Syrian Arab Republic 3916 2890 3464 4634 5248 6536 5731 | 7378 8708 10919 11700United Arab Emirates 40423 33837 36474 49835 48414 52163 67135 90997 117287 145587 173000Yemen 2504 1496 2440 4079 3374 3684 3924 4676 6413 7316 7310

World merchandise exports by region and selected economy, 1997-2007

(Million dollars)

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Table A6 (continued)

1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

Asia a 1547300 1451100 1548300 1837300 1674400 1807900 2138300 2653200 3058700 3575900 4131000Afghanistan 201 209 167 185 100 250 144 314 384 408 480Australia 62910 55893 56080 63870 63387 65033 70377 86565 106097 123437 141317Bangladesh 4832 5121 5497 6389 6080 6149 6990 8305 9297 11802 12453Bhutan 118 108 116 103 106 113 133 183 258 414 600Brunei Darussalam 2467 2058 2579 3903 3640 3702 4421 5057 6249 7636 7668Cambodia 736 800 1129 1389 1500 1923 2118 2798 3092 3514 4100China 182792 183712 194931 249203 266098 325596 438228 593326 761953 968935 1217776Fiji 622 512 609 585 537 515 668 693 701 694 755Hong Kong, China 188195 174864 174403 202683 191066 201928 228708 265543 292119 322669 349386

domestic exports 27306 24588 22381 23536 20273 18328 19591 19978 20050 22765 18109re-exports 160889 150276 152022 179147 170793 183600 209117 245565 272069 299904 331276

India 35008 33437 35667 42379 43361 49250 58963 76649 99620 120861 145325Indonesia 56298 50370 51243 65403 57361 59166 64108 70767 86996 103527 118014Japan 420957 387927 417610 479249 403496 416726 471817 565675 594905 647006 712769Kiribati 6 6 9 4 5 3 3 2 4 6 9Korea, Republic of 136164 132313 143686 172267 150439 162471 193817 253845 284419 325465 371489Lao People's Dem. Rep. 359 370 311 330 320 301 335 363 553 882 923Macao, China 2148 2141 2200 2539 2300 2356 2581 2812 2476 2557 2543Malaysia 78740 73305 84455 98229 88005 94058 104705 126511 140980 160676 176211Maldives 90 96 91 109 110 132 152 181 162 225 228Mongolia 569 462 454 536 521 524 616 870 1065 1543 1889Myanmar 874 1077 1136 1646 2381 3046 2483 2380 3813 4589 6257Nepal 406 474 602 804 737 568 662 772 863 838 888New Caledonia 543 378 468 604 443 492 785 1033 1090 1351 2048New Zealand 14221 12070 12455 13272 13730 14383 16527 20344 21729 22434 26974Northern Mariana Islands 815 1085 1062 1038 959 825 838 826 691 509 325Pakistan 8758 8514 8424 9028 9238 9913 11930 13379 16051 16930 17838Palau 14 11 7 12 17 20 8 6 13 14 10Papua New Guinea 2163 1772 1875 2096 1805 1641 2207 2552 3273 4166 4671Philippines 24882 29414 36576 39783 32664 35208 36231 39681 41255 47410 50466Samoa 15 15 20 14 15 14 15 11 12 11 15Singapore 124985 109895 114680 137804 121751 125177 | 159902 198637 229649 271807 299272

domestic exports 72401 63381 68682 78703 66172 66836 86419 106663 124546 143176 156002re-exports 52584 46514 45998 59101 55579 58341 | 73483 91974 105103 128631 143270

Solomon Islands 157 118 126 69 47 58 74 97 103 121 168Sri Lanka 4639 4809 4594 5430 4816 4699 5125 5757 6347 6886 7740Taipei, Chinese 123159 112467 123626 151357 125900 135080 150298 182432 197776 223660 246377Thailand 57374 54456 58440 69057 64968 68108 80324 96248 110178 130803 153103Tonga 10 8 13 9 7 15 18 15 10 9 8Tuvalu 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1Vanuatu 35 34 26 26 20 20 27 37 38 37 30Viet Nam 9185 9361 11541 14483 15029 16706 20149 26485 32442 39826 48387

Memorandum items: World excluding a

intra-EU (27) exports ... ... 4083000 4788000 4513000 4698000 5419000 6643000 7730000 8977000 10328000intra-EU (15) exports 4268000 4090000 4285000 5009000 4754000 4969000 5766000 ... ... ... ...

Europe excluding intra-EU (27) exports ... ... 892800 966180 978550 1045210 1220880 1474030 1641890 1840210 2150290intra-EU (15) exports 1089910 1101840 1094480 1187800 1219030 1316800 1568170 ... ... ... ...

a Includes significant re-exports.

c Beginning with 1998, figures refer to South Africa only and no longer to the Southern African Customs Union.

Recent figures for a number of countries and territories have been estimated by the Secretariat.

World merchandise exports by region and selected economy, 1997-2007

b Prior to 2004, European Union (27) individual country data do not add up to the reported aggregate due to Eurostat's use of different methodologies for Cyprus, Estonia and Lithuania.

(Million dollars)

Note: Breaks in the continuity of the value series for particular countries and regional groupings are indicated by an 'I'. They result mainly from changes in the methods of collecting and reporting merchandise trade statistics. It should be noted that the World and Asia totals contain a significant element of double counting due to the use of the general system of recording merchandise trade statistics which includes re-exports.

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Table A7

1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

World a 5739000 5683000 5921000 6727000 6485000 6744000 7863000 9569000 10857000 12428000 14244000North America 1215425 1282060 1426495 1687580 1583440 1605140 1727465 2012740 2288415 2544985 2707460

Canada 200873 206066 220183 244786 227291 227499 245021 279931 322411 357651 389600Mexico 114846 130948 146084 182702 176185 176607 178503 206060 232245 268093 296275United States 899020 944353 1059440 1259300 1179180 1200230 1303050 1525680 1732706 1918077 2020403

South and Central America 212900 216300 186800 207400 205400 181000 191400 243500 299700 364700 456000Antigua and Barbuda 370 385 414 407 386 400 422 454 497 615 715Argentina 30450 31404 25508 25154 20320 8990 13834 22445 28689 34158 44780Bahamas 1666 1873 1757 2074 1912 1728 1762 1905 2399 2871 2992Barbados 996 1010 1108 1156 1087 1039 1195 1413 1604 1629 1709Belize 286 295 370 524 517 525 552 520 593 660 684Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 14606 15817 14064 16213 18323 12963 9256 16679 24027 33616 46097Bolivia 1851 1983 1755 1830 1708 1770 1616 1844 2341 2814 3444Brazil 63291 61135 51909 59053 58640 49716 50859 66433 77628 95851 126581Chile 20822 19880 15988 18507 17429 17091 19322 24794 32735 38409 47114Colombia 15378 14635 10659 11539 12834 12711 13889 16746 21204 26046 32897Costa Rica 4924 6230 6320 6372 6569 7188 7663 8268 9824 11547 12955Cuba 3987 4197 4365 4843 4839 4176 4673 5615 7604 9503 10083Dominica 124 136 141 148 131 116 128 144 165 167 196Dominican Republic b 6609 7597 8041 9479 8779 8838 7627 7888 9869 12174 13817Ecuador 4954 5576 3017 3721 5363 6431 6703 8226 10287 12114 13565El Salvador 3739 3962 4095 4947 5027 5184 5754 6329 6834 7671 8677Grenada 173 200 202 239 212 199 254 233 319 299 360Guatemala 3851 4651 4382 4791 5607 | 7659 8127 9475 10499 11915 13578Guyana 630 540 480 573 584 563 576 651 788 885 1063Haiti 648 797 1025 1036 1013 1130 1188 1306 1454 1624 1682Honduras 2631 3233 3530 3988 4152 4382 4774 5827 6545 7317 8556Jamaica 3132 3035 2899 3326 3360 3533 3639 3940 4739 5650 5899Netherlands Antilles 2083 2062 1745 2862 2826 2268 2606 | 1723 1950 2209 2543Nicaragua 1450 1492 1862 1805 1775 1754 1879 2212 2595 3000 3579Panama 3002 3398 3516 3379 2964 2982 3086 3594 4180 4831 6872Paraguay 3403 2897 1906 2193 2182 1672 2228 3097 3715 5879 7280Peru 8588 8220 6823 7415 7316 7493 8414 10101 12502 15312 20180Saint Kitts and Nevis 147 149 153 196 189 201 199 183 210 250 275Saint Lucia 332 328 355 355 355 309 403 422 486 592 616Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 188 193 201 163 186 174 201 226 240 271 310Suriname 658 552 486 526 461 492 704 742 1189 1009 1185Trinidad and Tobago 2990 2999 2741 3308 3569 3643 3892 4858 5694 6484 7450Uruguay 3727 3811 3357 3466 3061 1964 2190 3114 3879 4757 5726

Europe 2418600 2559180 2596490 2774855 2733570 2875295 3461510 4161265 4573645 5237990 6060845Albania 646 842 1154 1090 1327 1504 1864 2309 2618 3058 4196Austria 65739 69504 71321 72394 74633 78299 99532 119905 127327 137212 162351Belgium - - 164810 177511 178664 198311 234945 285621 318700 351979 413163Belgium-Luxembourg 161930 168995 - - - - - - - - -Bosnia and Herzegovina 2333 2910 3305 3107 3354 3872 4801 5915 7070 7345 9772Bulgaria 4930 4949 5478 6544 7279 7954 10871 14453 18163 23270 29983Croatia 9101 8276 7799 7887 9147 10722 14209 16589 18560 21502 25830Cyprus 3655 3685 3618 3846 3923 4086 4466 5502 6316 6928 8615Czech Republic b 27105 28340 28463 31974 36297 40656 51728 69967 76512 93191 117900Denmark 44902 46873 45753 45557 45322 50320 57429 68157 75581 85507 99621Estonia 4437 4787 4109 5052 5230 5863 7967 | 8336 10238 13439 15516Finland 31611 32960 32114 34443 32639 34218 42513 51443 59155 68873 81491France 285027 307771 315748 338940 328608 329262 398840 470945 504124 541919 615229FYR Macedonia 1779 1915 1776 2094 1694 1995 2306 2932 3228 3763 5228

World merchandise imports by region and selected economy, 1997-2007

(Million dollars)

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1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

Germany 445731 471474 474047 497197 486119 490283 604612 715742 777073 906684 1058580Greece 26919 30293 30529 33480 32011 31570 44852 52760 54436 63597 76149Hungary 21235 25705 28015 32172 33617 37755 47808 60538 66552 78262 95041Iceland 2018 2482 2516 2589 2269 2275 2827 3643 4979 6156 6700Ireland 37748 43191 46769 51041 50556 52399 53886 61814 68565 73118 82472Italy 210132 218465 220637 238757 236220 247015 297519 355301 384790 442555 504454Latvia 2720 3190 2954 3202 3506 4046 5234 7096 8697 11541 15285Lithuania 5645 5795 4835 5457 6353 7709 9803 | 12387 15548 19373 24207Luxembourg - - 11218 11278 12331 12651 16165 20046 21893 26572 27443Malta 2552 2668 2843 3413 2531 2646 3227 3641 3681 3976 4364Montenegro - - - - - - - - - 1879 2945Netherlands 190731 195639 206162 218267 208638 219265 264704 319669 363822 416832 491583Norway 35708 37478 34173 34392 32955 34873 40055 48534 55480 64278 80281Poland 42310 | 47055 45883 49029 50184 55299 68272 89696 101639 126989 162674Portugal 35055 38435 39974 39952 39490 40156 47200 54948 61184 66673 78138Romania 11280 11821 10417 13148 15568 17854 23983 32691 40518 51160 69863Serbia - - - - - - - - - 13172 18350Serbia and Montenegro 4799 4849 3296 3711 4837 6320 7952 11752 11635 - -Slovak Republic b 11725 13078 11318 12760 14760 16564 22523 29862 34649 44823 60218Slovenia 9357 10110 10102 10147 10160 10944 13845 17759 20337 24141 31534Spain 115670 136662 135346 156143 154650 165105 208602 258331 288786 328696 372569Sweden 65596 68403 68580 72880 63200 66955 83540 100433 111697 127547 151269Switzerland 75960 80094 79857 82521 84102 87189 100239 115799 126524 141430 161232Turkey 48559 45921 40671 54503 41399 51554 69340 97540 116774 139576 170057United Kingdom 307518 321231 324899 348058 343786 364075 399401 470633 513673 601155 619575

European Union (27) ... ... 2419075 2579869 2549434 2672086 3214192 3854541 4222269 4829884 5573917extra-EU(27) imports ... ... 792206 916856 876922 886001 1057950 1278135 1468044 1696874 1952001

European Union (15) 2089635 2212010 2262540 2404840 2361815 2462350 2946525 ... ... ... ...extra-EU(15) imports 762720 796575 831135 954480 921030 935335 1122915 ... ... ... ...

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 114405 | 95260 70570 81555 94440 103960 132275 172975 216160 281060 377605Armenia 892 902 800 882 874 987 1280 1351 1802 2192 3282Azerbaijan 794 1076 1036 1172 1431 1666 2626 3516 4211 5268 5712Belarus 8689 8549 6674 8646 8286 9092 11558 16491 16708 22351 28674Georgia 944 887 585 709 753 796 1141 1846 2490 3678 5217Kazakhstan 4301 4314 3655 5040 6446 6584 8409 12781 17353 23677 32756Kyrgyz Republic 709 842 600 554 467 587 717 941 1102 1718 2417Moldova 1170 1018 585 777 892 1038 1399 1769 2292 2693 3690Russian Federation b 73615 | 58015 39537 44659 53764 60966 76070 97382 125434 164281 223421Tajikistan 750 710 663 675 688 721 881 1191 1330 1725 2455Turkmenistan 1230 980 1478 1786 2250 2120 2512 3320 3638 4057 4460Ukraine 17128 14676 11846 13956 15775 16977 23020 28997 36136 45039 60670Uzbekistan 4185 3290 3110 2697 2814 2425 2662 3392 3666 4380 4848

Africa 132400 | 132900 128300 129600 134400 135700 163200 210000 254600 289200 358900Algeria 8688 9400 9162 9171 9940 11969 12380 18169 20357 21456 27631Angola b 2597 2079 3109 3040 3179 3760 5480 5832 8353 8778 11400Benin 681 736 749 613 623 725 892 894 894 1050 1500Botswana 2258 2251 2198 2081 1809 1845 2448 3231 3162 3059 4035Burkina Faso 587 732 678 611 656 739 925 1270 1380 1450 1650Burundi 121 158 118 148 139 129 157 176 269 431 319Cameroon 1359 1495 1318 1489 1852 1866 2163 2406 2735 3150 3760Cape Verde 235 228 246 230 234 276 351 431 438 542 750Central African Republic 141 146 131 117 107 120 118 151 175 203 230Chad 334 356 316 317 679 1646 790 953 950 1308 1500Comoros 55 54 55 43 51 53 70 86 99 115 120Congo b 926 680 821 | 465 682 675 831 879 1457 1854 2900

World merchandise imports by region and selected economy, 1997-2007

(Million dollars)

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1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

Congo, Dem. Rep. of 770 1102 568 697 807 1081 1594 1986 2270 2740 3700Côte d'Ivoire b 2781 2991 3252 2785 | 2418 2456 3231 4291 5251 5368 6160Djibouti b 176 196 194 207 196 197 238 261 277 336 410Egypt 13211 16166 16022 14010 12756 12552 10893 12865 19819 20600 27064Equatorial Guinea 358 317 425 451 813 507 1236 1567 2109 2621 3100Eritrea 525 508 510 471 423 538 433 480 495 505 515Ethiopia 1113 1517 1538 1262 1815 1622 2119 3087 4127 4805 5395Gabon 1104 1103 841 950 1002 1135 1206 1347 1471 1725 2250Gambia 278 228 192 187 134 161 156 229 237 259 315Ghana 2326 2563 3480 2973 3154 2720 3210 4074 5758 6500 8043Guinea 620 537 556 612 601 667 640 780 820 930 1190Guinea-Bissau b 89 63 51 59 | 62 59 65 83 106 127 140Kenya 3279 3197 2832 3105 3192 3245 3725 4553 6149 7311 8989Lesotho 1140 941 866 809 743 815 1121 1440 1410 1470 1730Liberia 610 470 520 668 | 229 178 170 337 310 467 499Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 6123 5466 4158 3732 4397 4396 4330 6326 6079 6040 7750Madagascar b 694 693 742 | 1097 1118 627 1304 1680 1706 1790 2590Malawi 781 515 673 532 563 695 786 933 1165 1209 1450Mali 739 761 824 806 990 928 1271 1364 1544 1820 2255Mauritania 433 399 385 454 465 431 542 1305 1428 1167 1510Mauritius 2189 2073 2247 2093 1987 2159 2363 2771 3157 3627 3895Morocco 9525 10290 9925 11534 11038 11864 14250 17822 20790 23980 31695Mozambique 739 790 1139 1158 1063 1543 1753 2035 2408 2869 3300Namibia 1753 1648 1610 1550 1547 1470 1980 2420 2670 2920 3420Niger 374 471 410 395 412 468 622 750 805 950 970Nigeria 9501 9211 8588 8721 11586 7547 10853 14164 20754 21809 29500Rwanda 297 285 253 211 281 248 259 284 401 496 737Sao Tome and Principe 16 17 38 30 28 31 41 41 50 71 70Senegal 1335 1455 1564 1519 1730 1958 2391 2839 3197 3434 4452Seychelles 340 384 434 342 476 420 412 497 675 757 859Sierra Leone 93 95 81 149 182 264 303 286 345 389 445Somalia 313 280 340 343 449 454 517 610 610 660 680South Africa c 32998 | 29242 26696 29695 28248 29267 39748 53466 62304 77280 90990Sudan 1580 1925 1415 1553 1958 2446 2882 4075 6757 8074 8775Swaziland 1066 1083 1068 1046 1129 955 1519 1925 2237 2495 2650Tanzania 1337 1453 1556 1524 1712 1660 2125 2726 3287 4246 5337Togo 645 588 597 562 553 591 775 880 1200 1250 1440Tunisia 7914 8350 8474 8567 9529 9526 10910 12818 13177 14865 18980Uganda 1316 1416 1342 1536 1594 1053 1375 1726 2054 2557 3466Zambia 819 1100 822 993 1307 1253 1574 2152 2558 3074 3971Zimbabwe 3092 2701 2126 1863 1715 1751 1710 2204 2330 2250 2420

Middle East 150200 149000 147500 167400 175100 184300 210200 280600 334900 379900 479300Bahrain 4026 3566 3698 4633 4306 5013 5657 7385 9393 10515 11488Iran, Islamic Rep. of 14196 14323 13324 13898 16709 20617 24798 31976 40041 40772 46000Iraq 4000 4400 6900 13384 13120 9817 9934 21302 23532 27000 32000Israel 30781 29342 33166 37686 35449 35517 36303 42864 47142 50334 59039Jordan 4102 3828 3717 4597 4871 5076 5743 8179 10498 11548 13511Kuwait 8246 8619 7617 7157 7869 9001 10987 12631 15801 15960 23642Lebanon 7464 7070 6207 6230 7380 6560 7315 9609 9633 9647 12251Oman 5191 5826 4801 5131 5933 6296 6801 8796 8971 11039 16100Qatar 3322 3409 2500 3252 3758 4052 4897 6005 10061 16440 22005Saudi Arabia 28732 30013 28011 30238 31223 32293 36915 47376 59459 69800 90217Syrian Arab Republic 4028 3895 3832 3815 4752 4488 5111 | 8411 10862 11488 14500United Arab Emirates 34107 32588 31721 35009 37293 42652 52074 72082 84654 100057 132000Yemen 2014 2167 2008 2324 2466 2921 3675 3986 4865 5294 6500

World merchandise imports by region and selected economy, 1997-2007

(Million dollars)

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1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

Asia a 1495300 1248000 1365200 1678400 1558400 1659100 1976700 2487600 2889800 3330200 3804300Afghanistan 604 462 1012 1176 1696 2452 2101 2177 2471 2582 2950Australia 65892 64630 69158 71529 63888 72690 89084 109384 125281 139253 165334Bangladesh 7263 7495 8331 8883 9018 8592 10434 12036 13889 16034 18595Bhutan 137 134 182 175 191 197 249 411 386 420 480Brunei Darussalam 2203 1552 1342 1107 1159 1556 1327 1422 1491 1676 2101Cambodia b 1064 1166 1591 1939 2094 2318 2560 3193 3927 4749 5500China 142370 140237 165699 225094 243553 295170 412760 561229 659953 791461 955950Fiji 965 722 903 830 886 901 1205 1446 1607 1802 1795Hong Kong, China 213297 186759 180711 214042 202008 207969 233249 272893 300160 335754 370132

retained imports 76475 62833 58464 71863 65251 59352 61018 70044 75257 86100 93309India 41432 42980 46979 51523 50392 56517 72558 99775 142842 175242 216622Indonesia 51304 35280 33321 43595 37534 38340 42196 54877 75533 80346 92381Japan 338754 280484 309995 379511 349089 337194 382930 454542 516698 579062 621091Kiribati 39 33 41 40 41 50 52 59 74 63 95Korea, Republic of 144616 93282 119752 160481 141098 152126 178827 224463 261238 309383 356846Lao People's Dem. Rep. 706 553 525 535 510 447 462 713 882 1060 1065Macao, China 2082 1955 2040 2255 2386 2530 2755 3478 3913 4565 5366Malaysia 79030 58319 64966 81963 73866 79869 83300 105283 114625 131152 146982Maldives 349 354 402 389 393 392 471 642 745 927 1096Mongolia 468 503 513 615 638 691 801 1021 1184 1486 2117Myanmar 2056 2695 2323 2401 2877 2348 2091 2196 1927 2564 3250Nepal 1693 1246 1422 1573 1473 1419 1754 1938 2283 2492 2904New Caledonia 929 929 1006 924 931 1008 1541 1636 1774 2117 2809New Zealand 14519 12495 14299 13906 13308 15047 18559 23195 26219 26424 30890Northern Mariana Islands 433 526 523 607 554 646 660 664 591 489 300Pakistan 11650 9330 10207 10864 10191 11233 13038 17949 25357 29825 32590Palau 80 63 104 124 100 97 88 107 105 115 120Papua New Guinea 1711 1240 1188 1151 1071 1137 1367 1680 1729 2258 2909Philippines b 38622 31496 32568 37027 34921 | 41092 42576 46102 49487 54078 57985Samoa 97 97 115 106 130 135 137 163 187 219 227Singapore 132437 101732 111060 134545 116000 116441 | 136218 173599 200047 238710 263155

retained imports 79853 55218 65062 75444 60421 58100 62735 81625 94944 110079 119885Solomon Islands 158 128 110 92 90 67 94 121 185 200 240Sri Lanka 5864 5905 5961 7177 5973 6105 6672 7973 8834 10258 11300Taipei, Chinese 114446 105442 111449 140642 107944 113331 128130 169250 182569 202964 219649Thailand 62854 42971 50342 61924 61962 64645 75824 94410 118158 128723 140795Tonga 73 69 73 70 73 89 94 105 121 116 143Tuvalu 8 10 8 5 4 11 16 11 13 13 14Vanuatu 94 93 98 87 90 90 105 128 149 160 215Viet Nam 11592 11500 11742 15638 16218 19746 25256 31969 36978 44891 60830

Memorandum items: World excluding a

intra-EU (27) imports ... ... 4294000 5064000 4812000 4958000 5707000 6992000 8103000 9295000 10622000intra-EU (15) imports 4412000 4267000 4490000 5276000 5044000 5217000 6039000 ... ... ... ...

Europe excluding intra-EU (27) imports ... ... 969620 1111840 1061060 1089210 1305270 1584860 1819420 2104980 2438930intra-EU (15) imports 1091680 1143750 1165080 1324500 1292780 1348280 1637900 ... ... ... ...

It should be noted that the World and Asia totals contain a significant element of double counting due to the use of the general system of recording merchandise trade statistics which includes re-exports.

World merchandise imports by region and selected economy, 1997-2007

(Million dollars)

a Includes significant imports for re-export.

Recent figures for a number of countries and territories have been estimated by the Secretariat.

b Imports are valued f.o.b. See the Metadata on f.o.b. valuation of other economies. c Beginning with 1998, figures refer to South Africa only and no longer to the Southern African Customs Union. Note: Breaks in the continuity of the value series for particular countries and regional groupings are indicated by an 'I'. They result mainly from changes in the methods of collecting and reporting merchandise trade statistics.

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Table A8

1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 World 1307100 1340400 1392300 1478400 1481800 1593800 1829300 2209900 2473400 2777900 3291500 North America 274600 283100 305900 330900 317100 325200 339800 389500 431600 472000 535600 Canada 30724 33040 35228 39271 37862 39567 43131 48525 53938 57750 61439

Mexico 10997 11534 11606 13567 12550 12474 12477 13973 16098 16372 17809 United States 232865 238525 259049 278086 266661 273209 284178 326982 361600 397833 456363 South and Central America 38400 41500 42700 46600 45800 44600 49500 57600 69300 78800 92200 Antigua and Barbuda 402 424 427 406 393 389 413 470 454 465 485 Argentina 4447 4702 4557 4775 4469 3428 4419 5202 6323 7627 9773 Aruba 799 877 906 992 975 983 1031 1232 1287 1295 1464 Bahamas 1573 1517 1778 1946 1776 2035 2028 2211 2457 2416 2580 Barbados 933 995 997 1055 1032 1003 1124 1181 1411 1509 1643 Belize 124 122 130 135 143 161 196 223 284 350 371

Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 1189 1286 1207 1057 1242 913 791 1024 1247 1469 1552Bolivia 232 235 243 207 221 242 348 401 473 462 453

Brazil 5488 7083 6873 8961 8718 8790 9570 11615 14856 17946 22555 Chile 3799 3859 3780 3995 4071 4315 4990 5949 7040 7720 8677 Colombia 2096 1892 1876 1984 2122 1799 1852 2186 2594 3301 3542 Costa Rica 1116 1329 1643 1911 1899 1841 1990 2207 2584 2937 3493 Cuba 1963 2155 2628 2643 2572 2450 2962 3789 6593 6702 8143 Dominica 80 84 97 87 75 78 76 86 82 92 92 Dominican Republic 2373 2421 2767 3143 3024 2982 3401 3435 3865 4496 4646 Ecuador 639 631 681 793 799 820 812 940 940 939 1092 El Salvador 460 576 620 673 680 750 906 1039 1098 1464 1536 Grenada 105 116 141 146 129 128 132 156 115 128 146 Guatemala 542 581 653 702 948 1053 954 1063 1138 1292 1465 Guyana 148 142 147 169 172 172 157 161 148 148 173 Haiti 172 163 173 158 123 125 114 101 86 150 158 Honduras 328 332 427 429 432 472 528 625 694 709 770 Jamaica 1672 1743 1949 1988 1867 1881 2103 2262 2296 2613 2560 Netherlands Antilles 1391 1495 1506 1593 1605 1575 1648 1753 1791 1908 2018 Nicaragua 126 152 181 187 188 191 222 250 271 302 332 Panama 1515 1757 1747 1961 1958 2241 2473 2753 3179 3897 4857 Paraguay 634 606 554 573 525 531 550 597 647 735 772 Peru 1457 1674 1518 1445 1326 1342 1600 1872 2164 2323 2920 Saint Kitts and Nevis 93 98 98 95 94 86 104 131 143 153 141 Saint Lucia 287 318 305 323 272 248 317 366 408 332 345 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 98 106 124 126 131 135 131 143 157 170 180 Suriname 85 67 73 85 56 35 52 129 183 211 210 Trinidad and Tobago 535 574 592 543 563 598 672 838 883 ... ... Uruguay 1413 1309 1235 1249 1099 745 746 1086 1285 1366 1735 Europe 633000 I 682600 694300 713400 733200 805000 963300 1160400 1280100 1422200 1703200 Albania 52 83 253 429 495 552 695 997 1154 1481 1981

Austria 21612 22918 23100 22767 23662 25601 32168 37518 42060 45695 55210 Belgium - - - - - 36285 43352 50621 54092 57285 I 75456 Belgium-Luxembourg 34097 36688 44073 48556 48970 - - - - - -

Bosnia and Herzegovina ... 457 461 448 495 522 719 861 954 1134 1328 Bulgaria 1307 1766 1760 2129 2120 2162 2921 3984 4389 5287 6325 Croatia 3985 3948 3708 4056 4883 5581 8568 9372 9920 10808 12562 Cyprus 3022 3297 3655 3798 4067 4236 5009 5877 6177 6879 8325 Czech Republic 7033 7518 6928 6751 7034 7024 7754 9607 11714 13296 16349 Denmark 14044 15212 19982 23721 25134 26667 31672 36304 43395 52670 61799 Estonia 1314 1476 1486 1458 1576 1672 2189 2792 3117 3451 4319 Faeroe Islands ... 51 56 54 57 71 77 86 132 174 ... Finland 6569 6632 6457 7669 9148 10350 11383 15064 16898 17414 20671

France 79914 84164 80994 79901 79597 85326 98020 111849 117904 117586 136714 FYR Macedonia 127 148 249 290 198 220 306 384 445 581 798 Germany 77525 79967 79517 78746 83330 95858 115117 136637 155315 179219 205786 Greece 9224 I 10068 I 16464 19181 19384 20044 24202 32986 33806 35671 43099 Hungary 5744 5361 5171 5836 6949 7336 9131 10825 12652 13191 16590

Iceland 725 847 826 936 1004 1034 1281 1527 1955 1775 2239 Ireland 6046 I 16504 15526 18326 23266 29666 41785 52213 59402 68659 88994 Italy 66409 66621 58018 55998 57098 59562 70602 83302 88094 97554 110468 Latvia 1027 1103 1020 1131 1161 1221 1487 1751 2134 2613 3658

Lithuania 1020 1096 1083 1052 1147 1451 1864 2431 3074 3583 4017

World exports of commercial services by region and selected economy, 1997-2007

(Million dollars)

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Table A8 (continued)

1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Luxembourg - - - - - 20291 25237 33638 40510 50578 62300

Malta 1082 1159 1198 1075 1079 1175 1349 1675 1975 2629 3205Montenegro - - - - - - - - - 524 923

Netherlands 47727 48570 50835 48361 50121 54700 61317 71782 78188 80180 87532 Norway 15503 15379 16118 17528 18152 19228 21357 24964 29620 33114 40750 Poland 8898 10810 8331 10395 9745 10030 11170 13437 16212 20522 28614 Portugal 7591 8735 9144 8896 9251 10219 12188 14507 15028 17624 22140 Romania 1499 1201 1340 1720 2007 2326 3000 3590 5056 7005 10398

Serbia - - - - - - - - - 2089 2911 Serbia and Montenegro 818 914 471 624 740 829 1130 1678 1909 - - Slovak Republic 2151 2275 1886 2218 2454 2787 3270 3713 4380 5403 7022 Slovenia 2036 2023 1873 1883 1958 2311 2786 3449 3970 4337 5643 Spain 43333 48124 51982 52112 55292 59599 73679 85303 93853 105832 128253 Sweden 17505 17675 19691 20014 21758 23757 30337 38624 42533 49921 63846 Switzerland 24588 25893 I 27108 27463 26011 28371 32860 40568 45972 50729 61496 Turkey 19238 23204 16230 19267 15084 13979 17909 22706 26328 24998 28226 United Kingdom 99854 110721 117357 118567 118786 132937 155455 193727 205825 230669 273002 European Union (27) 567600 I 611700 628900 642300 666100 734600 878400 1057200 1161800 1294800 1549700 Extra-EU (27) exports a - - - - - - - 436700 484600 548200 667200 European Union (15) 531500 I 572600 593100 602800 624800 690900 826500 994100 1086900 1206600 1435300 Extra-EU (15) exports a 249500 I 263400 268200 273600 282600 308100 369300 449200 504000 ... ... Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 22300 19700 16300 17600 19800 23200 26900 34800 41700 51600 65600 Armenia 97 118 129 130 179 176 199 324 403 475 517 Azerbaijan 332 320 236 234 256 321 392 453 625 841 1172 Belarus 919 919 745 989 1124 1317 1477 1726 2055 2385 3229 Georgia 188 354 217 206 299 368 417 505 644 817 1018 Kazakhstan 842 904 933 905 1093 1363 1528 1817 1999 2584 3209 Kyrgyz Republic 40 58 60 57 76 120 137 193 234 351 654 Moldova 163 148 126 155 160 206 231 320 384 471 628 Russian Federation 14080 12372 9067 9565 11215 13450 16088 20469 24741 30866 39050

Tajikistan 59 60 52 63 62 60 66 81 103 110 158 Ukraine 4937 3922 3869 3800 3897 4583 5013 7460 8913 10822 13648 Africa 28300 28100 30500 31500 32200 34400 42600 51500 I 56700 64000 78400 Algeria 753 973 1010 927 884 1191 1287 1591 1825 2248 2474 Angola 139 122 153 267 203 207 201 323 177 ... ... Benin 102 127 155 126 133 141 163 204 179 196 ... Botswana 187 240 305 306 326 439 626 774 842 771 849 Burundi 3 2 2 2 2 4 2 4 7 6 ... Cameroon 436 508 414 575 844 921 593 869 858 939 ... Cape Verde 79 74 95 101 120 144 190 220 252 372 517 Central African Republic 12 9 13 9 9 6 6 10 10 14 ... Congo 85 112 139 130 137 158 185 183 223 269 ... Côte d'Ivoire 501 533 507 415 509 513 560 641 697 706 787 Djibouti 31 61 65 69 74 79 87 87 95 103 ... Egypt 9096 7832 9276 9687 8815 9127 10837 14046 14449 15834 19660 Eritrea 159 77 44 54 113 118 ... ... ... ... ... Ethiopia 318 308 392 387 391 450 588 800 789 890 1144 Gabon 205 194 249 171 143 74 167 136 136 128 ... Gambia 97 83 78 62 61 61 84 73 80 92 ... Ghana 152 427 454 490 515 539 612 684 1083 1301 1732 Guinea 70 66 36 27 72 43 55 31 32 34 ... Kenya 716 631 720 727 824 773 876 1227 1523 2011 ... Lesotho 79 46 37 36 35 30 43 56 48 51 ... Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 17 31 50 119 134 275 329 351 419 385 531 Madagascar 243 264 290 314 273 279 253 358 420 587 1037 Malawi 39 32 49 34 44 49 40 41 43 80 ... Mali 69 71 94 92 140 150 208 227 253 291 ... Mauritania 25 24 25 30 36 46 44 52 80 87 ... Mauritius 889 911 1030 1066 1218 1146 1274 1449 1604 1663 2180 Morocco 2203 2558 2803 2854 3787 4098 5126 6304 7570 9318 11725 Mozambique 279 286 295 325 249 336 300 246 316 355 404 Namibia 367 315 311 212 285 265 399 456 392 509 579 Nigeria 786 884 980 1833 1653 2524 3473 3336 I 2887 3729 5788 Rwanda 34 32 36 41 45 48 ... ... 83 74 126 Senegal 329 366 351 330 345 389 488 598 687 713 ...

World exports of commercial services by region and selected economy, 1997-2007

(Million dollars)

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Table A8 (continued)

1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Seychelles 245 237 261 273 280 297 311 308 347 409 454 Sierra Leone 20 13 18 39 47 38 66 61 78 40 ... South Africa 5210 5213 5041 4888 I 4728 4863 8120 9444 10898 11712 13242 Sudan 30 14 82 I 24 14 130 31 35 101 178 211 Swaziland 90 87 51 271 112 90 200 235 274 274 ... Tanzania 470 534 576 575 854 860 900 1079 1215 1467 1675 Togo 78 65 54 46 53 72 72 122 145 175 ... Tunisia 2518 2607 2769 2680 2829 2603 2842 3520 3901 4162 4757 Uganda 165 176 188 205 208 216 255 358 494 437 483 Zambia 112 102 107 114 143 114 142 161 207 228 279 Zimbabwe 638 609 633 327 240 208 ... ... ... ... ... Middle East 24500 27000 29900 33500 32600 34500 43500 50200 58500 68300 76900 Bahrain 637 725 859 933 950 1068 1260 1558 1662 1849 1962 Iran, Islamic Rep. of 1018 1380 977 1429 2257 3740 4369 4859 5167 5555 ... Israel 8825 9687 11857 14995 12508 11868 13353 16005 17406 19225 21146 Jordan 1717 1810 1689 1602 1396 1743 1717 2052 2239 2850 3298 Kuwait 1507 1500 1299 1571 1401 1373 1763 2488 3789 6024 7380 Oman 269 388 413 452 606 606 645 726 741 913 ...

Qatar ... ... 209 337 649 606 1011 1633 2557 3489 ... Saudi Arabia 4251 4723 5373 4779 5008 5177 5713 5852 6677 7297 7912 Syrian Arab Republic 1344 1422 1415 1480 1566 1347 1181 2343 2560 2649 ...

United Arab Emirates ... ... 1767 1843 2014 2191 2350 2560 4277 6259 ... Yemen 168 133 141 174 130 129 244 292 285 ... ... Asia 286000 258300 272700 304900 301100 326800 363700 466000 535300 621000 739600 Australia 18898 16822 18550 19413 17689 19161 23227 27841 30378 32438 39739 Bangladesh 266 252 266 283 243 305 398 420 474 603 693 Bhutan 16 15 18 20 24 23 20 28 42 52 60 Cambodia 150 173 289 423 517 596 541 788 1064 1244 1510 China 24504 23879 26165 30146 32901 39381 46375 62056 73909 91421 121655 Fiji 616 472 505 397 387 478 585 668 790 740 733 Hong Kong, China 38514 33790 35568 40362 41056 44546 46500 55103 63651 72674 82723 India 8926 11067 14006 16030 16799 19125 23633 I 37931 I 55508 75057 89746 Indonesia 6792 4340 4452 5061 5361 6519 5143 ... ... ... ... Japan b 69574 63053 61447 69430 64769 66054 71784 89668 102071 115140 127060 Korea, Republic of 25439 24828 25766 29746 28103 27345 31753 40505 43711 48382 61536 Lao People's Dem. Rep. 78 116 101 I 150 141 152 123 168 203 221 ... Macao, China 3163 2845 2710 3280 3768 4758 5605 8063 8612 10538 14464 Malaysia 15569 11400 11800 13812 14331 14753 13459 16999 19463 21722 28184 Maldives 309 329 340 345 351 360 429 505 317 470 544 Mongolia 50 75 73 74 109 179 203 329 409 483 578 Myanmar 513 618 496 459 387 403 228 232 237 256 ... Nepal 795 433 454 410 303 192 302 356 271 252 340 New Zealand 4180 3688 4280 4355 4386 5339 6787 8052 8491 8005 9168 Pakistan 1446 1303 1264 1284 1302 1496 1476 1719 2043 2245 2221 Papua New Guinea 397 318 248 243 285 162 219 181 285 298 339 Philippines ... ... 3468 3377 3072 3428 3389 4043 4525 5927 7863 Samoa 59 58 47 ... ... ... ... 94 111 134 ... Singapore 25740 22457 24845 28075 27307 29428 36196 46584 52633 58957 67329 Solomon Islands 64 52 51 45 47 15 24 26 37 51 64 Sri Lanka 850 892 940 915 1334 1247 1389 1506 1519 1604 1691 Taipei, Chinese 17021 16660 17037 19890 19760 21501 23028 25545 25574 28860 30944 Thailand 15619 13074 14542 13785 12932 15304 15694 18932 20011 24636 28773 Tonga 31 23 19 14 18 18 22 21 30 22 ... Vanuatu 80 108 106 118 112 90 108 118 135 140 ... Viet Nam 2530 2616 2493 2702 2810 2948 3272 3867 4176 5100 6030 Memorandum items: World excluding intra-EU (27) exports a - - - - - - - 1589400 1796200 2031300 2408900 intra-EU (15) exports a 1025200 1031300 1067400 1149200 1139600 1211000 1372100 1665000 1890400 ... ... Europe excluding intra-EU (27) exports a - - - - - - - 539900 603000 675600 820600 intra-EU (15) exports a 351100 I 373500 369400 384100 391000 422200 506200 615400 697200 ... ... Note: Due to frequent revisions to the services data, there are numerous breaks in the continuity of the data series at the country and regional levels. See the Metadata.

World exports of commercial services by region and selected economy, 1997-2007

a See the Metadata for estimation of intra and extra-EU trade.b Secretariat estimates for exports from 1995 to 2005 are based on the new methodology applied by the Bank of Japan. See the Metadata

(Million dollars)

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Table A9

1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 World 1282900 1314600 1362100 1451100 1470000 1556700 1777100 2117100 2350800 2620100 3085900 North America 201300 216400 237600 268400 264200 270900 291700 337200 367600 402400 440100 Canada 37528 37671 40060 43597 43236 44455 51771 58240 64496 71746 80300

Mexico 11830 12569 14061 16718 16521 17031 17571 19250 20915 22329 23971 United States 151956 166151 183509 208084 204477 209394 222346 259697 282212 308348 335851 South and Central America 50800 53500 50600 54700 55000 48800 51200 58500 71200 81700 98600 Antigua and Barbuda 160 166 170 147 159 163 174 182 218 249 284 Argentina 8701 9079 8599 8960 8262 4775 5462 6374 7384 8267 10459 Aruba 557 528 634 621 591 576 691 761 876 952 890 Bahamas 790 939 884 969 896 929 1009 1169 1296 1815 1785 Barbados 389 409 433 460 471 466 492 520 636 636 686 Belize 87 94 99 116 111 121 127 139 147 141 157

Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela 3780 3842 3982 4236 4509 3837 3251 4265 5183 5797 7243Bolivia 401 423 436 450 382 417 534 590 664 808 810

Brazil 14447 15743 13357 15574 15825 13496 14350 16111 22409 27149 34776 Chile 3902 4260 4474 4664 4848 4953 5555 6653 7572 8241 9718 Colombia 3596 3354 3082 3242 3535 3234 3298 3873 4704 5428 6150 Costa Rica 975 1099 1185 1261 1167 1170 1231 1370 1501 1612 1807 Cuba 851 891 964 821 743 665 690 787 978 1196 1454 Dominica 49 48 54 48 47 50 40 45 50 53 60 Dominican Republic 1160 1300 1224 1340 1249 1271 1179 1168 1431 1511 1666 Ecuador 1198 1208 1140 1225 1395 1559 1575 1889 2079 2265 2520 El Salvador 615 723 800 912 938 1007 1040 1130 1189 1458 1684 Grenada 54 64 76 85 81 86 77 81 85 92 100 Guatemala 627 759 760 786 891 1018 1085 1261 1425 1628 1852 Guyana 165 174 178 193 192 196 172 208 201 218 241 Haiti 321 203 222 270 252 251 289 299 280 370 444 Honduras 359 437 491 584 613 602 671 761 853 994 1014 Jamaica 1196 1258 1286 1391 1480 1552 1538 1677 1676 1969 2084 Netherlands Antilles 575 611 662 728 787 788 801 787 805 831 879 Nicaragua 227 253 319 334 346 336 353 385 424 451 521 Panama 1247 1211 1102 1096 1053 1256 1253 1410 1724 1666 2032 Paraguay 630 549 463 390 362 321 318 287 329 405 491 Peru 2232 2299 2105 2165 2274 2325 2493 2603 2996 3269 4081 Saint Kitts and Nevis 61 58 81 72 71 73 75 78 87 94 105 Saint Lucia 114 121 128 126 125 124 141 149 168 165 172 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 72 74 62 52 54 54 61 69 79 88 97 Suriname 174 174 136 177 164 152 188 251 339 250 292 Trinidad and Tobago 232 235 253 363 339 340 335 314 471 ... ... Uruguay 840 831 760 842 773 593 602 748 901 945 1208 Europe 576200 I 631800 644400 656900 678300 735400 875500 1026900 1123400 1231000 1461300 Albania 93 119 152 413 422 561 734 991 1318 1552 2029

Austria 17819 17941 17171 16404 17504 18554 23576 27902 30686 33192 38909 Belgium - - - - - 35288 42163 48260 50408 52285 I 70645 Belgium-Luxembourg 31437 34095 38815 41444 42856 - - - - - -

Bosnia and Herzegovina ... 262 277 256 262 298 375 422 448 491 563 Bulgaria 1157 1398 1473 1660 1894 1740 2424 3213 3382 4091 4809 Croatia 2238 1850 2055 1782 1918 2378 2950 3523 3349 3491 3853 Cyprus 1374 1476 1537 1563 1592 1635 2089 2552 2614 2897 3623 Czech Republic 5305 5690 5772 5364 5487 6372 7240 8932 10110 11726 13940 Denmark 13727 15779 18402 21063 22121 24305 28254 33401 36986 45531 53973 Estonia 649 814 829 870 949 1081 1370 1725 2132 2427 3004 Faeroe Islands ... 90 95 97 105 131 146 161 224 267 ... Finland 8039 7643 7491 8323 7994 9763 12020 14422 17591 18618 20809

France 62597 66432 62102 59581 61439 68177 81809 97250 104601 106949 124142 FYR Macedonia 266 202 223 260 253 267 320 440 483 548 747 Germany 128061 133353 136040 131987 137139 140588 167468 190104 201935 217345 250471 Greece 4196 I 4976 I 8831 10918 11189 9447 10730 13560 14292 15899 19524 Hungary 3988 4139 4283 4708 5470 6749 9022 10470 11293 11485 14981

Iceland 790 948 1012 1149 1058 1105 1481 1818 2538 2533 2924 Ireland 15158 I 29459 26474 31212 35281 42765 54520 65328 71386 78460 94472 Italy 58944 62887 56240 54632 56087 61110 73107 81673 88364 98107 118261 Latvia 637 717 628 680 662 692 917 1164 1541 1962 2666 Lithuania 850 816 747 655 669 878 1215 1578 1989 2462 3124

World imports of commercial services by region and selected economy, 1997-2007

(Million dollars)

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Table A9 (continued)

1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Luxembourg - - - - - 12388 15511 20912 24564 30188 36025Malta 647 686 722 735 735 769 861 1026 1198 1682 2068Montenegro - - - - - - - - - 277 320Netherlands 44314 46252 48121 49941 52166 56492 62954 68565 72419 78730 86833Norway 14112 14662 15214 14832 15667 17834 20415 23871 28709 31227 38585Poland 5610 6479 6837 8860 8852 9089 10526 I 13213 15310 19413 24310Portugal 5985 6631 7064 6810 6644 6992 8118 9572 10299 11314 13421Romania 1865 1796 1759 1948 2113 2304 2913 3829 5425 6901 10047Serbia - - - - - - - - - 2114 2897Serbia and Montenegro 362 421 243 293 323 537 795 1192 1478 - -Slovak Republic 2062 2272 1812 1779 1971 2321 3012 3415 4015 4605 6449Slovenia 1392 1510 1506 1423 1443 1715 2163 2579 2889 3222 4186Spain 25210 28242 31544 32837 34903 38445 47607 58822 66739 78009 98378Sweden 19427 21620 22511 23367 22920 23856 28647 32990 35141 39638 47813Switzerland 13979 14952 I 14760 14533 15256 16023 18393 23610 27224 28616 33860Turkey 8085 9439 8449 7624 5633 5528 6690 9188 10182 10447 14144United Kingdom 75498 85797 93170 96893 97352 107177 122948 145227 160096 172323 194139

European Union (27) 535900 I 588900 601900 615700 637400 690700 823200 961700 1047400 1149500 1361000Extra-EU (27) imports a - - - - - - - 384900 418100 457100 544900

European Union (15) 510400 I 561100 574000 585400 605600 655300 779400 908000 985500 1076600 1267800Extra-EU (15) imports a 231900 I 253600 258300 265100 272100 284600 336400 399900 438700 ... ...

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 26300 23200 20000 24100 29600 33900 39600 50400 59500 69800 90900Armenia 157 190 183 177 192 217 264 419 517 600 698Azerbaijan 714 692 476 475 650 1283 2027 2702 2625 2784 3324Belarus 354 438 431 524 782 826 820 943 1057 1643 2002Georgia 249 335 224 216 231 323 355 440 584 687 871Kazakhstan 1124 1154 1104 1831 2609 3506 3712 5058 7375 8581 11276Kyrgyz Republic 169 173 152 144 121 145 157 219 287 456 577Moldova 191 190 168 190 195 243 268 331 390 455 590Russian Federation 20025 16456 13351 16230 19819 22852 26487 32216 37915 43803 57805Tajikistan 84 40 43 57 70 103 120 205 250 393 722Ukraine 2268 2545 2292 2590 3167 3143 3979 6162 6962 8582 10775

Africa 36900 37400 35800 37600 39900 41400 47400 59000 I 70400 81500 102100Algeria 1000 1069 989 1411 1413 1511 1510 2493 2997 3132 4494Angola 2046 2395 2194 2271 3176 2766 2774 4285 6191 6860 ...Benin 170 191 213 186 186 203 244 273 267 342 ...Botswana 435 517 515 538 512 508 652 784 840 834 980Burundi 28 34 18 36 31 34 38 62 104 190 ...Cameroon 919 807 699 934 1056 1198 1177 1454 1336 1426 ...Cape Verde 66 85 112 97 113 138 183 194 201 237 287Central African Republic 130 136 107 113 96 89 90 101 120 123 ...Congo 748 853 854 728 842 917 866 1012 1550 2647 ...Côte d'Ivoire 1340 1408 1358 1142 1188 1447 1657 1896 1982 2087 2223Djibouti 68 74 60 65 60 55 60 70 76 87 ...Egypt 5813 5886 5959 7161 6356 6013 6038 7470 9507 10288 13093Eritrea 100 179 101 24 28 25 ... ... ... ... ...Ethiopia 377 442 463 479 516 556 689 932 1178 1154 1729Gabon 943 980 854 846 695 741 821 921 1173 1208 ...Gambia 60 63 62 61 55 54 36 46 45 94 ...Ghana 358 533 555 514 538 548 730 881 1140 1442 1902Guinea 204 274 258 183 220 156 188 195 194 221 ...Kenya 708 632 505 665 712 588 575 803 955 1265 ...Lesotho 58 50 47 41 38 45 69 86 88 75 ...Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 692 650 887 815 964 1343 1528 1753 2128 2324 2640Madagascar 289 326 336 395 424 561 479 474 462 612 789Malawi 219 162 185 167 171 222 189 211 222 222 ...Mali 329 332 351 324 414 380 478 528 583 672 ...Mauritania 180 130 152 168 194 220 187 260 379 406 ...Mauritius 656 706 719 748 799 775 875 1005 1193 1319 1529Morocco 1267 1482 1537 1520 1705 1903 2350 2805 3103 3568 4509Mozambique 329 396 392 439 607 559 553 511 627 729 819Namibia 522 449 431 320 265 224 269 411 359 421 496Nigeria 4694 4054 3311 3144 4420 4688 5715 5973 I 6203 8389 13902Rwanda 100 99 106 113 113 ... ... ... 176 213 259Senegal 389 432 419 396 403 457 567 681 776 806 ...

World imports of commercial services by region and selected economy, 1997-2007

(Million dollars)

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1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Seychelles 124 127 152 186 212 209 213 211 253 303 342Sierra Leone 38 33 79 82 93 76 89 87 85 75 ...South Africa 5810 5465 5580 5657 I 5109 5376 7847 10063 11863 13949 16258

Sudan 168 200 270 I 632 638 784 805 1023 1801 2718 2851Swaziland 236 262 161 300 192 202 342 387 401 360 ...

Tanzania 709 885 723 620 635 611 685 923 1131 1212 1424Togo 168 149 130 116 129 147 204 237 276 295 ...Tunisia 1066 1121 1106 1119 1332 1353 1510 1869 2075 2338 2662Uganda 669 728 419 459 506 550 488 610 762 935 1159Zambia 282 282 298 322 353 361 388 418 446 560 886Zimbabwe 915 622 647 494 439 447 ... ... ... ... ...

Middle East 48200 42800 43800 48800 46900 51100 60100 74400 88800 106500 132900Bahrain 635 652 700 738 748 927 886 933 977 1153 1221Iran, Islamic Rep. of 3182 2571 1905 2161 2451 5381 6432 7081 7697 8522 ...

Israel 8829 9059 10050 11703 11644 10701 10978 12611 13498 14734 17772 Jordan 1241 1588 1485 1463 1520 1627 1690 1972 2465 2854 3317 Kuwait 4055 4247 3867 4115 4520 4881 5534 6293 7333 8359 10401 Oman 1556 1891 1714 1759 1899 1880 2180 2756 3052 3740 ...

Qatar ... ... 823 870 966 1050 1283 1667 3640 5680 ... Saudi Arabia 14393 8648 9426 10928 7155 7152 7936 11057 14520 19390 30560

Syrian Arab Republic 1302 1299 1416 1468 1494 1675 1697 2071 2274 2437 ...United Arab Emirates ... ... 7757 8275 8893 9934 11440 14655 18891 24059 ...

Yemen 632 649 672 757 794 883 947 1004 1183 1800 ... Asia 343200 309500 329800 360500 356000 375300 411600 510800 569900 647100 760000 Australia 18736 17605 18385 18555 17020 18023 21476 27377 29909 31600 38187 Bangladesh 1184 1164 1318 1523 1423 1318 1595 1835 2011 2111 2653 Bhutan 12 24 18 28 24 39 87 76 82 65 57 Cambodia 182 214 285 321 340 368 425 502 636 749 859 China 27724 26467 30967 35858 39032 46080 54852 71602 83173 100327 129254 Fiji 381 331 364 321 285 272 382 463 503 514 497 Hong Kong, China 23284 24962 23759 24588 24797 25833 25994 30983 33838 36905 41035 India 12277 14192 17045 18896 19792 20776 24679 I 35293 I 47545 63053 77200 Indonesia 16214 11871 12139 15381 15596 16770 17171 ... ... ... ... Japan b 111324 101070 103151 105230 98762 97865 99906 119925 122369 133900 148685 Korea, Republic of 29037 24112 26773 32957 32473 36132 39928 49373 58055 68023 82523 Lao People's Dem. Rep. 107 92 91 98 93 91 100 126 150 171 ... Macao, China 610 612 703 812 876 1046 1147 1334 1537 1818 2415 Malaysia 18115 12973 14622 16603 16539 16248 17323 18967 21750 23493 27784 Maldives 93 98 107 108 108 110 119 155 201 228 266 Mongolia 101 142 140 158 198 260 249 496 468 514 602 Myanmar 433 353 277 310 345 296 403 444 486 547 ... Nepal 216 189 202 193 205 231 258 376 424 488 716 New Zealand 4763 4377 4482 4428 4266 4714 5667 7121 8121 7696 8948 Pakistan 2424 2044 1894 2109 2216 2095 3102 I 5101 7206 8094 8409 Papua New Guinea 924 794 728 772 662 678 862 968 1151 1458 1799 Philippines ... ... 5013 5175 5298 5386 5322 5764 5797 6211 7245 Samoa 39 29 19 ... ... ... ... 41 51 56 ... Singapore 22245 19897 25119 29379 31411 33049 39794 50029 54898 61745 70109 Solomon Islands 103 54 86 70 80 49 62 42 57 83 107 Sri Lanka 1271 1328 1388 1592 1735 1553 1646 1872 2051 2359 2569 Taipei, Chinese 24120 23246 23285 25507 23435 23852 24803 29859 31420 32598 35268 Thailand 17144 11874 13464 15329 14475 16572 17999 22909 26881 32841 38020 Tonga 44 30 30 18 24 28 40 45 44 50 ... Vanuatu 35 53 65 62 67 47 56 61 69 66 ...

Viet Nam 3153 3146 3040 3252 3382 3698 4050 4739 4472 5108 6924Memorandum items:

World excluding intra-EU (27) imports a - - - - - - - 1540300 1721500 1927800 2269800 intra-EU (15) imports a 1004400 1007100 1046400 1130800 1136500 1186000 1334000 1609000 1804000 ... ...

Europe excluding intra-EU (27) imports a - - - - - - - 450100 494100 538700 645200

intra-EU (15) imports a 297700 I 324300 328700 336600 344800 364700 432400 518800 576600 ... ...

a See the Metadata for estimation of intra and extra-EU trade.

Note : Due to frequent revisions to the services data, there are numerous breaks in the continuity of the data series at the country and regional levels. See the Metadata.

World imports of commercial services by region and selected economy, 1997-2007

(Million dollars)

b Secretariat estimates for exports from 1995 to 2005 are based on the new methodology applied by the Bank of Japan. See the Metadata

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Table A10

Network of world merchandise trade by product and region, 2005-2007

(Billion dollars)

Destination

Origin 2005 2006 2007 2005 2006 2007 2005 2006 2007 2005 2006 2007

WorldAgricultural products 849.01 943.68 1127.67 125.15 138.36 150.62 25.82 30.07 39.33 414.66 454.35 545.29

Food 682.77 755.66 913.02 96.89 109.19 122.04 22.28 25.72 34.14 342.50 374.45 450.02Fish 75.21 83.23 89.03 13.40 15.07 15.39 1.05 1.33 1.69 32.78 37.48 40.45Other food products 607.55 672.43 823.99 83.49 94.12 106.65 21.23 24.39 32.45 309.72 336.98 409.58

Raw materials 166.24 188.02 214.65 28.27 29.17 28.59 3.55 4.35 5.20 72.16 79.90 95.27Fuels and mining products 1811.84 2314.51 2658.55 358.28 426.94 478.52 60.68 73.65 86.49 684.09 888.88 1003.59

Ores and other minerals 149.92 204.89 257.80 13.58 17.14 19.56 3.37 4.18 5.04 58.23 81.06 99.32Fuels 1461.01 1799.44 2038.45 307.03 354.79 401.29 53.74 63.90 74.41 533.62 658.34 728.29Non-ferrous metals 200.91 310.18 362.31 37.67 55.02 57.67 3.56 5.57 7.05 92.24 149.49 175.98

Manufactures 7297.00 8257.70 9499.54 1576.56 1745.77 1833.08 205.07 250.43 311.22 3251.79 3681.79 4295.79Iron and steel 316.05 374.03 474.23 44.66 56.86 55.32 8.08 10.02 12.67 141.12 176.86 234.36Chemicals 1103.98 1247.72 1483.15 175.97 199.61 218.23 40.30 47.01 59.99 570.69 640.11 770.80

Pharmaceuticals 274.03 311.95 368.54 47.16 57.10 66.79 7.29 8.58 10.93 175.41 195.58 230.09Other chemicals 829.95 935.78 1114.62 128.81 142.51 151.44 33.02 38.43 49.05 395.28 444.53 540.71

Other semi-manufactures 701.95 785.05 914.94 147.09 160.26 164.63 17.69 21.23 26.34 342.36 383.16 462.37Machinery and transport equipment 3849.60 4374.67 4956.88 897.77 993.83 1036.69 106.59 134.45 164.85 1600.33 1814.25 2069.47

Office and telecom equipment 1278.45 1458.22 1514.31 274.58 310.52 319.29 26.07 32.30 34.70 464.72 535.86 524.49EDP and office equipment 467.94 518.63 540.47 116.03 131.51 134.38 7.72 9.50 11.29 202.81 224.76 230.18Telecommunications equipment 465.39 548.13 560.37 116.93 136.51 146.72 14.40 18.25 19.34 190.94 234.21 214.64Integrated circuits 345.12 391.46 413.47 41.62 42.50 38.19 3.96 4.56 4.06 70.98 76.89 79.67

Transport equipment 1291.36 1444.04 1702.77 355.57 383.90 396.35 40.58 53.11 68.19 616.42 684.71 832.70Automotive products 919.57 1018.62 1182.87 287.68 310.95 317.30 24.56 31.69 42.85 450.39 493.04 585.45Other transport equipment 371.79 425.43 519.90 67.89 72.95 79.06 16.02 21.41 25.34 166.03 191.67 247.25

Other machinery 1279.79 1472.40 1739.80 267.62 299.41 321.05 39.94 49.04 61.96 519.19 593.68 712.28Textiles 202.66 217.99 238.13 32.71 34.05 33.77 8.96 10.09 12.13 80.54 85.51 94.74Clothing 276.82 309.59 345.30 80.34 85.25 87.29 5.28 5.93 7.81 130.27 150.85 163.87Other manufactures 845.95 948.65 1086.91 198.02 215.91 237.15 18.15 21.70 27.44 386.47 431.05 500.19 Personal and household goods 177.67 198.38 229.48 48.80 53.09 57.08 3.11 3.87 5.10 92.82 102.61 120.14 Scientific and controlling instruments 211.67 241.83 280.39 44.81 49.58 56.46 4.51 5.55 7.62 78.69 90.28 105.08 Miscellaneous manufactures 456.60 508.44 577.03 104.41 113.25 123.62 10.53 12.27 14.73 214.95 238.16 274.96

Total merchandise exports b 10213.00 11813.00 13619.00 2107.34 2364.33 2516.73 300.15 364.45 450.66 4440.18 5131.70 5955.87

North AmericaAgricultural products 136.44 151.33 177.74 63.29 69.02 74.80 7.94 9.16 12.05 16.53 17.75 20.75

Food 97.46 109.78 134.05 45.92 51.99 58.59 6.43 7.39 10.03 10.46 11.56 13.64Fish 8.29 8.55 8.72 3.59 3.64 3.76 0.10 0.13 0.16 1.43 1.65 1.76Other food products 89.17 101.22 125.33 42.33 48.36 54.83 6.33 7.27 9.87 9.02 9.91 11.89

Raw materials 38.98 41.55 43.69 17.37 17.03 16.21 1.51 1.76 2.02 6.08 6.19 7.11Fuels and mining products 178.86 221.50 257.52 133.10 154.13 172.37 9.11 13.01 16.36 16.91 25.18 32.82

Ores and other minerals 22.29 31.51 41.87 6.48 8.39 8.79 0.42 0.51 0.83 5.95 8.37 14.04Fuels 131.10 151.05 171.91 109.45 120.86 136.13 8.24 11.83 14.70 7.78 10.59 12.02Non-ferrous metals 25.46 38.94 43.74 17.16 24.88 27.45 0.46 0.67 0.82 3.17 6.22 6.75

Manufactures 1103.75 1233.04 1337.99 599.84 647.98 669.86 65.41 79.95 96.04 190.89 216.71 249.87Iron and steel 20.85 23.18 26.93 15.83 17.49 18.90 1.00 1.21 1.67 1.57 1.83 2.75Chemicals 153.92 173.67 199.31 60.93 68.18 72.00 13.37 16.09 20.12 42.63 48.95 58.52

Pharmaceuticals 30.83 35.12 41.12 6.71 8.28 9.28 1.96 2.09 2.55 17.82 20.08 24.18Other chemicals 123.09 138.55 158.19 54.22 59.90 62.72 11.41 14.00 17.57 24.80 28.87 34.34

Other semi-manufactures 96.76 104.40 110.81 64.00 67.28 66.41 4.81 5.70 6.71 12.08 13.29 16.30Machinery and transport equipment 666.12 752.77 811.91 372.17 404.69 420.70 34.96 44.76 53.89 100.13 113.97 130.18

Office and telecom equipment 177.35 198.06 204.01 80.61 89.32 93.99 12.75 15.74 17.51 26.55 28.65 29.22EDP and office equipment 62.20 65.32 62.76 29.06 29.24 27.97 5.64 6.88 7.84 12.81 13.37 12.20Telecommunications equipment 62.08 75.37 87.00 37.73 47.66 55.69 4.95 6.59 7.55 8.67 9.27 10.85Integrated circuits 53.08 57.37 54.25 13.81 12.41 10.33 2.16 2.27 2.12 5.06 6.02 6.17

Transport equipment 268.95 305.93 334.66 181.37 192.61 200.06 7.91 11.67 14.83 33.04 40.58 50.93Automotive products 188.28 204.30 219.89 156.99 166.32 170.65 4.42 6.11 8.15 12.79 15.67 20.86Other transport equipment 80.67 101.62 114.77 24.38 26.29 29.40 3.48 5.56 6.68 20.25 24.91 30.07

Other machinery 219.82 248.78 273.24 110.19 122.76 126.65 14.30 17.35 21.54 40.54 44.74 50.02Textiles 16.98 17.22 16.92 10.57 10.47 9.93 3.17 3.24 3.42 1.34 1.42 1.48Clothing 14.16 13.00 11.03 11.05 10.02 8.42 1.69 1.42 1.00 0.63 0.72 0.78Other manufactures 134.96 148.81 161.08 65.29 69.84 73.50 6.41 7.53 9.24 32.52 36.52 39.85 Personal and household goods 17.35 18.31 18.38 14.67 15.29 15.14 0.47 0.53 0.64 0.78 0.89 0.98 Scientific and controlling instruments 48.81 55.27 59.52 16.57 18.07 19.00 1.94 2.40 3.20 14.76 16.60 17.69 Miscellaneous manufactures 68.80 75.23 83.19 34.05 36.48 39.36 4.01 4.61 5.40 16.98 19.03 21.18

Total merchandise exports b 1478.64 1674.88 1853.50 824.81 903.06 951.18 86.77 107.15 130.65 238.17 278.68 328.74

EuropeSouth & Central AmericaNorth AmericaWorld a

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Table A10 (continued)

Network of world merchandise trade by product and region, 2005-2007

(Billion dollars)

Destination

2005 2006 2007 2005 2006 2007 2005 2006 2007 2005 2006 2007 Origin

World28.69 34.19 43.18 33.33 37.71 49.56 32.73 39.16 49.31 184.57 205.27 244.35 Agricultural products26.22 30.95 39.21 29.57 33.23 43.76 30.02 35.88 44.92 132.31 142.98 174.19 Food1.93 2.24 2.96 1.40 1.72 2.05 0.71 0.94 1.09 23.65 24.09 24.99 Fish

24.29 28.71 36.25 28.16 31.52 41.71 29.31 34.94 43.83 108.66 118.89 149.20 Other food products2.48 3.24 3.97 3.76 4.47 5.80 2.70 3.28 4.39 52.26 62.29 70.16 Raw materials

27.24 34.91 43.95 33.79 45.67 54.70 34.43 45.88 53.76 574.39 748.45 877.62 Fuels and mining products3.46 3.75 4.89 2.44 3.21 3.70 2.15 2.42 2.78 66.29 92.40 121.70 Ores and other minerals

21.96 28.22 35.20 29.07 39.25 46.69 28.15 37.34 43.83 449.73 569.85 651.43 Fuels1.82 2.94 3.86 2.28 3.21 4.31 4.13 6.12 7.15 58.36 86.20 104.49 Non-ferrous metals

165.79 219.02 304.16 172.59 195.28 241.48 252.59 290.36 365.45 1638.63 1834.47 2096.54 Manufactures8.88 11.95 17.11 10.16 12.13 15.74 17.35 22.98 32.85 85.20 82.02 105.00 Iron and steel

23.28 30.81 38.71 25.03 28.70 35.39 24.83 28.66 35.65 237.06 265.09 313.29 Chemicals5.66 8.20 9.66 6.11 7.10 8.95 5.29 6.05 7.41 24.91 27.34 31.93 Pharmaceuticals

17.62 22.61 29.05 18.92 21.60 26.44 19.54 22.61 28.25 212.14 237.74 281.35 Other chemicals18.29 24.44 31.97 18.10 20.79 26.28 36.07 39.15 48.60 119.67 132.33 149.93 Other semi-manufactures80.38 108.60 154.72 90.62 99.28 121.70 131.83 151.03 188.08 921.72 1049.12 1192.62 Machinery and transport equipment17.76 19.52 24.48 15.71 18.30 20.17 31.83 31.83 34.38 446.67 508.63 554.95 Office and telecom equipment5.68 6.44 7.84 4.66 5.29 5.85 7.27 8.79 10.06 123.57 132.14 140.56 EDP and office equipment

11.04 12.23 15.72 9.85 11.54 12.82 22.86 21.44 22.93 98.56 113.01 126.78 Telecommunications equipment1.04 0.85 0.92 1.20 1.48 1.51 1.70 1.60 1.40 224.55 263.49 287.62 Integrated circuits

25.34 39.24 60.41 38.80 38.03 46.87 49.28 57.23 68.95 148.91 167.95 207.10 Transport equipment18.82 31.13 49.92 23.14 27.98 34.10 34.57 38.14 49.21 78.26 83.63 101.33 Automotive products6.52 8.10 10.49 15.66 10.05 12.77 14.70 19.09 19.74 70.64 84.32 105.77 Other transport equipment

37.28 49.85 69.84 36.10 42.94 54.66 50.72 61.97 84.75 326.15 372.53 430.56 Other machinery 5.83 7.01 8.66 10.41 12.21 14.30 10.38 11.34 12.97 52.82 56.65 59.65 Textiles

11.06 12.22 20.86 4.40 5.65 7.47 6.95 7.87 11.29 37.30 40.67 44.70 Clothing18.08 23.98 32.13 13.86 16.52 20.61 25.19 29.34 36.00 184.87 208.59 231.37 Other manufactures6.18 7.99 10.80 3.00 3.71 4.74 4.26 5.22 6.53 19.35 21.70 24.80 Personal and household goods2.80 3.80 5.37 3.47 3.85 4.85 4.98 5.71 7.03 72.10 82.69 93.57 Scientific and controlling instruments9.10 12.19 15.95 7.39 8.96 11.02 15.96 18.41 22.44 93.42 104.20 113.00 Miscellaneous manufactures

224.59 291.76 396.58 247.02 287.11 354.87 329.88 387.49 482.67 2450.06 2850.10 3293.64 Total merchandise exports b

North America1.44 1.44 2.14 3.67 4.23 6.77 2.57 3.45 5.03 40.77 46.14 55.61 Agricultural products1.37 1.36 2.04 3.35 3.86 6.29 2.24 3.09 4.50 27.47 30.39 38.38 Food0.12 0.16 0.21 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 3.01 2.93 2.79 Fish1.25 1.19 1.83 3.33 3.82 6.26 2.23 3.07 4.48 24.46 27.46 35.59 Other food products0.07 0.09 0.10 0.33 0.38 0.49 0.32 0.37 0.53 13.31 15.75 17.23 Raw materials0.17 0.12 0.22 0.65 1.14 1.70 0.67 1.38 1.33 18.26 26.55 32.72 Fuels and mining products0.08 0.03 0.04 0.20 0.29 0.33 0.11 0.13 0.15 9.06 13.79 17.69 Ores and other minerals0.04 0.04 0.13 0.41 0.79 1.22 0.27 0.86 0.75 4.91 6.09 6.95 Fuels0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.15 0.29 0.39 0.43 4.29 6.67 8.08 Non-ferrous metals4.86 6.49 9.79 12.15 15.02 17.52 28.86 35.07 40.89 201.67 231.76 253.58 Manufactures0.07 0.12 0.09 0.35 0.49 0.53 0.31 0.59 0.70 1.71 1.46 2.28 Iron and steel0.49 0.59 0.81 1.24 1.57 2.00 1.78 1.94 2.73 33.49 36.32 42.98 Chemicals0.07 0.13 0.15 0.25 0.29 0.23 0.30 0.38 0.46 3.72 3.88 4.28 Pharmaceuticals0.42 0.46 0.67 0.99 1.29 1.77 1.48 1.56 2.27 29.77 32.45 38.71 Other chemicals0.21 0.25 0.32 0.69 0.98 0.99 4.89 5.35 6.51 10.08 11.55 13.57 Other semi-manufactures3.52 4.78 7.51 8.85 10.80 12.57 19.52 24.23 27.52 126.90 149.50 159.35 Machinery and transport equipment0.39 0.49 0.58 1.13 1.50 1.22 2.15 2.15 2.30 53.77 60.18 59.01 Office and telecom equipment0.23 0.28 0.36 0.37 0.43 0.38 0.74 0.82 0.91 13.33 14.30 13.10 EDP and office equipment0.13 0.17 0.17 0.66 0.97 0.77 1.02 0.94 1.08 8.91 9.75 10.71 Telecommunications equipment0.04 0.04 0.04 0.10 0.10 0.07 0.38 0.39 0.32 31.53 36.14 35.20 Integrated circuits1.14 1.90 3.18 3.70 4.48 5.38 11.25 14.69 13.98 30.53 39.98 46.28 Transport equipment0.69 1.00 1.90 1.39 1.62 2.65 5.36 5.86 6.28 6.64 7.71 9.38 Automotive products0.45 0.90 1.28 2.32 2.86 2.73 5.89 8.83 7.70 23.89 32.27 36.90 Other transport equipment1.98 2.39 3.76 4.02 4.82 5.97 6.13 7.39 11.23 42.59 49.34 54.06 Other machinery 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.08 0.15 0.14 0.14 1.61 1.80 1.80 Textiles0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.08 0.17 0.15 0.69 0.62 0.62 Clothing0.50 0.68 0.98 0.92 1.07 1.31 2.12 2.64 3.14 27.19 30.52 32.98 Other manufactures0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.08 0.20 0.22 0.25 1.17 1.28 1.24 Personal and household goods0.20 0.32 0.39 0.45 0.55 0.71 1.18 1.50 1.57 13.71 15.84 16.97 Scientific and controlling instruments0.27 0.33 0.55 0.43 0.46 0.52 0.75 0.92 1.33 12.31 13.39 14.78 Miscellaneous manufactures6.67 8.27 12.42 17.57 21.70 27.27 34.12 42.02 50.08 270.23 313.79 352.12 Total merchandise exports b

AsiaMiddle East AfricaCIS

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Table A10 (continued)

Network of world merchandise trade by product and region, 2005-2007

(Billion dollars)

Destination

Origin 2005 2006 2007 2005 2006 2007 2005 2006 2007 2005 2006 2007

South and Central AmericaAgricultural products 90.31 101.44 125.21 16.85 18.96 20.55 12.52 14.36 19.16 28.65 32.17 40.76

Food 79.76 89.61 110.82 13.32 15.03 16.68 11.54 13.19 17.71 25.67 28.83 36.24Fish 6.72 8.15 8.30 2.24 2.64 2.60 0.55 0.69 0.87 2.32 2.93 2.89Other food products 73.04 81.46 102.51 11.08 12.38 14.09 10.99 12.50 16.84 23.35 25.90 33.35

Raw materials 10.55 11.83 14.39 3.53 3.93 3.87 0.98 1.17 1.45 2.98 3.34 4.52Fuels and mining products 134.91 182.51 205.48 60.57 72.52 78.00 30.93 37.23 41.73 20.42 35.82 37.53

Ores and other minerals 27.76 40.84 50.69 3.25 4.32 5.44 2.57 3.24 3.67 8.24 12.13 13.21Fuels 87.96 109.79 118.39 51.60 58.88 64.18 26.08 30.20 33.42 6.59 11.99 12.18Non-ferrous metals 19.19 31.88 36.40 5.72 9.32 8.38 2.28 3.79 4.63 5.58 11.70 12.14

Manufactures 121.95 134.28 154.20 50.28 51.65 51.42 41.78 48.82 60.70 15.96 18.59 23.26Iron and steel 15.75 16.36 19.31 5.39 5.67 5.56 3.64 3.91 4.65 2.80 3.40 4.67Chemicals 21.98 25.56 29.94 6.60 8.15 8.49 10.39 11.29 13.79 2.85 3.77 5.02

Pharmaceuticals 2.23 2.41 2.94 0.26 0.30 0.37 1.61 1.73 2.22 0.26 0.26 0.20Other chemicals 19.75 23.15 27.01 6.34 7.85 8.12 8.78 9.56 11.57 2.60 3.51 4.82

Other semi-manufactures 16.48 18.54 21.42 5.75 6.21 6.18 5.89 6.63 8.37 2.60 3.07 3.64Machinery and transport equipment 42.06 48.02 55.56 14.86 14.64 14.83 16.45 20.98 25.57 5.78 6.23 7.54

Office and telecom equipment 6.08 6.84 6.53 1.96 1.54 1.35 2.17 2.87 2.48 0.86 0.65 0.56EDP and office equipment 1.51 1.44 1.80 0.65 0.56 0.65 0.31 0.33 0.33 0.35 0.33 0.34Telecommunications equipment 3.57 3.82 2.94 1.16 0.79 0.54 1.81 2.49 2.10 0.43 0.26 0.19Integrated circuits 0.99 1.58 1.79 0.16 0.18 0.16 0.04 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.04

Transport equipment 22.80 25.91 30.88 8.12 7.86 7.72 9.26 11.97 15.57 3.02 3.36 4.55Automotive products 16.50 18.88 21.21 4.58 4.64 3.65 8.34 10.59 13.63 1.88 1.82 2.03Other transport equipment 6.30 7.03 9.66 3.54 3.22 4.07 0.93 1.38 1.93 1.14 1.54 2.52

Other machinery 13.18 15.27 18.15 4.77 5.24 5.75 5.03 6.14 7.52 1.91 2.22 2.43Textiles 2.83 2.78 3.40 0.88 0.80 0.91 1.60 1.64 2.14 0.22 0.22 0.20Clothing 12.99 12.46 12.48 11.86 11.20 10.41 0.73 0.89 1.68 0.29 0.29 0.28Other manufactures 9.85 10.55 12.09 4.94 4.99 5.03 3.07 3.48 4.49 1.41 1.61 1.90 Personal and household goods 3.96 3.94 4.29 2.04 1.80 1.56 0.84 1.00 1.40 0.91 0.94 1.09 Scientific and controlling instruments 1.84 2.22 2.49 1.22 1.41 1.51 0.34 0.43 0.49 0.20 0.27 0.36 Miscellaneous manufactures 4.06 4.40 5.31 1.69 1.79 1.97 1.89 2.05 2.60 0.31 0.39 0.45

Total merchandise exports b 359.21 434.27 499.17 129.23 145.85 151.30 85.41 100.63 122.04 66.48 89.57 105.64

EuropeAgricultural products 398.82 437.53 519.31 20.19 22.43 23.87 3.34 3.99 4.67 322.66 351.55 419.58

Food 335.23 366.51 435.35 17.47 19.67 21.25 2.95 3.50 4.09 272.18 295.65 352.66Fish 26.48 29.07 32.19 0.55 0.60 0.66 0.27 0.35 0.39 21.80 24.30 26.67Other food products 308.75 337.44 403.16 16.92 19.08 20.60 2.68 3.15 3.70 250.38 271.34 325.99

Raw materials 63.59 71.02 83.96 2.72 2.75 2.61 0.39 0.49 0.58 50.48 55.90 66.93Fuels and mining products 414.54 537.14 605.48 38.39 46.16 50.86 2.28 3.34 3.96 335.80 436.97 486.17

Ores and other minerals 39.33 54.82 67.41 1.25 1.73 1.97 0.17 0.22 0.19 30.77 43.25 52.76Fuels 294.79 360.77 392.60 31.60 36.66 40.48 1.52 2.35 2.80 239.88 292.89 312.98Non-ferrous metals 80.43 121.55 145.46 5.55 7.76 8.41 0.59 0.77 0.97 65.16 100.83 120.43

Manufactures 3490.93 3901.04 4538.17 330.64 353.66 375.81 50.75 57.70 70.43 2510.94 2822.20 3279.48Iron and steel 150.93 179.24 228.23 9.85 11.23 11.05 1.80 1.88 2.19 116.70 140.74 183.23Chemicals 662.54 742.19 883.29 76.18 87.12 96.29 10.38 12.12 15.06 478.41 532.55 639.38

Pharmaceuticals 220.67 248.86 293.28 34.20 39.95 47.14 3.19 4.07 5.25 152.10 169.32 198.48Other chemicals 441.86 493.33 590.01 41.98 47.17 49.16 7.19 8.05 9.81 326.31 363.23 440.90

Other semi-manufactures 371.19 412.47 491.12 26.01 27.51 28.28 4.07 4.82 5.91 278.51 310.51 373.30Machinery and transport equipment 1721.03 1929.77 2209.36 164.80 171.97 181.33 29.46 33.05 40.08 1202.79 1367.25 1545.55

Office and telecom equipment 380.60 434.65 402.71 20.42 18.15 17.60 3.62 3.63 3.27 281.59 337.29 301.22EDP and office equipment 150.26 165.59 159.29 8.10 7.92 6.91 0.42 0.46 0.56 122.54 136.98 129.97Telecommunications equipment 166.86 204.90 179.26 7.26 5.99 6.57 2.51 2.31 2.17 118.86 160.38 133.02Integrated circuits 63.47 64.15 64.15 5.06 4.25 4.11 0.69 0.85 0.54 40.18 39.93 38.24

Transport equipment 688.13 750.78 909.03 70.69 73.51 75.35 11.86 13.54 16.80 513.29 565.56 690.29Automotive products 505.21 552.70 654.47 51.42 52.72 53.89 4.70 5.48 7.18 395.92 431.56 511.83Other transport equipment 182.91 198.08 254.55 19.27 20.79 21.46 7.16 8.06 9.62 117.37 134.00 178.46

Other machinery 652.31 744.34 897.63 73.69 80.31 88.38 13.98 15.87 20.01 407.91 464.39 554.04Textiles 79.58 83.84 92.74 4.62 4.61 4.66 0.55 0.63 0.75 60.28 63.28 69.35Clothing 100.55 107.16 122.40 4.94 4.79 4.98 0.25 0.28 0.36 84.28 89.40 100.84Other manufactures 405.13 446.37 511.03 44.24 46.42 49.21 4.24 4.93 6.09 289.96 318.46 367.84 Personal and household goods 89.44 97.89 113.73 6.44 6.48 7.14 0.33 0.39 0.51 72.61 79.43 91.60 Scientific and controlling instruments 88.34 95.68 110.56 15.02 14.67 15.84 1.53 1.76 2.20 52.05 57.00 65.89 Miscellaneous manufactures 227.35 252.80 286.73 22.78 25.27 26.23 2.38 2.78 3.39 165.31 182.03 210.34

Total merchandise exports b 4397.53 4975.58 5772.20 396.46 430.21 458.50 57.43 66.07 80.40 3222.80 3667.12 4243.56

World a North America South & Central America Europe

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(Billion dollars)

Destination

2005 2006 2007 2005 2006 2007 2005 2006 2007 2005 2006 2007 Origin

South and Central America4.54 5.51 5.72 4.93 5.82 7.17 4.29 5.19 6.37 18.25 19.19 25.11 Agricultural products4.44 5.38 5.55 4.86 5.72 7.04 4.16 5.07 6.15 15.51 16.16 21.08 Food0.10 0.13 0.17 0.08 0.14 0.15 0.04 0.05 0.04 1.30 1.49 1.47 Fish4.35 5.25 5.38 4.78 5.58 6.89 4.12 5.02 6.11 14.21 14.68 19.61 Other food products0.10 0.13 0.17 0.08 0.10 0.12 0.13 0.12 0.21 2.74 3.03 4.03 Raw materials0.15 0.14 0.10 1.18 1.90 2.17 0.86 0.89 0.89 20.01 32.19 43.41 Fuels and mining products0.15 0.12 0.10 0.52 0.70 0.67 0.56 0.54 0.56 12.47 19.76 27.02 Ores and other minerals0.00 0.01 0.00 0.60 1.10 1.39 0.24 0.24 0.25 2.10 5.59 5.38 Fuels0.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 0.10 0.12 0.07 0.11 0.08 5.43 6.84 11.01 Non-ferrous metals0.29 0.46 0.61 2.92 3.52 4.30 1.23 1.76 1.81 9.22 9.25 11.59 Manufactures0.04 0.05 0.09 0.55 0.63 0.75 0.26 0.47 0.39 3.06 2.22 3.20 Iron and steel0.05 0.06 0.06 0.36 0.46 0.55 0.12 0.12 0.17 1.54 1.61 1.72 Chemicals0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.04 0.05 0.06 Pharmaceuticals0.04 0.04 0.04 0.34 0.43 0.52 0.11 0.10 0.15 1.50 1.57 1.67 Other chemicals0.04 0.04 0.06 0.41 0.44 0.53 0.18 0.16 0.22 1.57 1.96 2.24 Other semi-manufactures0.14 0.27 0.36 1.45 1.81 2.18 0.58 0.94 0.94 2.74 3.12 4.06 Machinery and transport equipment0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.11 0.04 0.01 0.02 0.01 1.02 1.65 2.08 Office and telecom equipment0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.20 0.47 EDP and office equipment0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.09 0.03 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.12 0.18 0.08 Telecommunications equipment0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.72 1.27 1.53 Integrated circuits0.08 0.18 0.24 0.95 1.18 1.44 0.39 0.68 0.55 0.94 0.67 0.76 Transport equipment0.08 0.18 0.24 0.86 1.02 1.06 0.31 0.22 0.26 0.45 0.41 0.31 Automotive products0.00 0.00 0.00 0.09 0.16 0.38 0.08 0.46 0.29 0.49 0.25 0.46 Other transport equipment0.06 0.09 0.12 0.45 0.53 0.70 0.18 0.24 0.38 0.78 0.80 1.22 Other machinery 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.09 0.09 0.09 Textiles0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.03 0.04 0.05 Clothing0.02 0.03 0.04 0.12 0.15 0.25 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.19 0.20 0.23 Other manufactures0.01 0.01 0.02 0.05 0.07 0.09 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.06 0.07 0.08 Personal and household goods0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.05 0.06 0.07 Scientific and controlling instruments0.00 0.00 0.01 0.05 0.05 0.13 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.08 0.08 0.08 Miscellaneous manufactures4.98 6.15 6.44 9.08 11.24 13.68 6.40 7.86 9.10 47.52 60.67 80.23 Total merchandise exports b

Europe10.58 13.26 16.57 10.90 12.37 15.28 8.68 9.32 11.16 21.26 23.47 26.75 Agricultural products9.67 12.04 14.98 9.18 10.29 12.50 7.68 8.18 9.66 15.33 16.40 19.18 Food1.24 1.19 1.51 0.67 0.70 0.84 0.08 0.10 0.13 1.87 1.83 1.98 Fish8.44 10.85 13.47 8.51 9.59 11.66 7.61 8.08 9.54 13.46 14.57 17.20 Other food products0.91 1.22 1.59 1.73 2.08 2.78 1.00 1.14 1.49 5.93 7.08 7.57 Raw materials2.44 3.56 4.87 8.05 11.09 14.71 6.27 7.41 8.10 13.22 18.10 23.25 Fuels and mining products0.40 0.45 0.64 0.68 0.99 1.00 0.50 0.62 0.80 5.49 7.52 9.94 Ores and other minerals1.14 1.82 2.68 6.35 8.65 11.91 4.67 5.38 5.79 2.00 2.95 3.04 Fuels0.90 1.28 1.55 1.03 1.45 1.79 1.10 1.41 1.52 5.74 7.63 10.27 Non-ferrous metals

94.97 124.65 165.36 91.99 96.15 116.04 105.73 110.69 131.37 291.51 320.64 375.15 Manufactures1.79 2.46 3.17 4.04 5.00 6.49 6.41 7.98 9.72 9.99 9.57 11.85 Iron and steel

16.02 21.47 26.87 13.42 14.80 17.83 12.79 14.33 16.97 50.26 54.69 63.10 Chemicals4.76 7.04 8.33 4.63 5.02 6.12 4.14 4.76 5.76 15.57 16.91 19.68 Pharmaceuticals

11.25 14.43 18.53 8.79 9.78 11.71 8.65 9.57 11.20 34.70 37.78 43.42 Other chemicals10.75 13.82 18.01 8.49 9.51 11.61 13.24 13.52 16.55 29.14 31.21 35.26 Other semi-manufactures49.71 65.05 88.49 53.45 52.99 63.66 59.58 60.18 70.34 155.28 172.93 209.48 Machinery and transport equipment13.25 13.91 16.17 9.70 10.64 11.54 17.71 14.48 13.44 34.02 36.22 38.77 Office and telecom equipment4.67 5.08 5.84 3.29 3.64 4.05 3.89 4.44 4.40 7.25 7.03 7.44 EDP and office equipment7.83 8.28 9.70 5.65 6.10 6.54 13.10 9.45 8.58 11.46 12.13 12.12 Telecommunications equipment0.75 0.56 0.63 0.76 0.91 0.94 0.73 0.58 0.46 15.31 17.06 19.21 Integrated circuits

11.35 17.46 26.75 20.85 16.32 19.21 15.54 14.94 16.83 40.86 45.39 57.52 Transport equipment8.26 14.13 22.63 11.63 13.15 14.73 9.92 9.05 10.93 21.76 25.28 31.47 Automotive products3.09 3.33 4.12 9.22 3.17 4.48 5.62 5.89 5.90 19.10 20.11 26.05 Other transport equipment

25.11 33.67 45.57 22.90 26.03 32.91 26.33 30.76 40.06 80.40 91.33 113.19 Other machinery 2.77 3.39 3.98 4.20 4.46 5.19 1.62 1.59 1.84 4.89 5.26 5.68 Textiles3.36 4.44 6.05 1.32 1.37 1.45 1.59 1.84 2.29 4.07 4.33 4.94 Clothing

10.57 14.04 18.80 7.08 8.02 9.82 10.49 11.26 13.67 37.88 42.64 44.85 Other manufactures2.74 3.58 4.89 1.00 1.16 1.43 1.37 1.56 1.96 4.90 5.25 6.14 Personal and household goods1.89 2.51 3.73 2.42 2.56 3.15 2.76 2.87 3.45 12.48 14.12 16.10 Scientific and controlling instruments5.94 7.95 10.18 3.67 4.30 5.25 6.35 6.82 8.25 20.50 23.27 22.62 Miscellaneous manufactures

109.34 143.17 189.05 112.16 120.97 147.71 122.81 129.34 152.92 331.45 368.18 433.67 Total merchandise exports b

Network of world merchandise trade by product and region, 2005-2007

CIS Africa Middle East Asia

Table A10 (continued)

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Table A10 (continued)

Network of world merchandise trade by product and region, 2005-2007

(Billion dollars)

Destination

Origin 2005 2006 2007 2005 2006 2007 2005 2006 2007 2005 2006 2007

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)Agricultural products 25.22 29.55 38.57 0.65 0.74 0.76 0.02 0.05 0.03 6.25 7.19 9.26Fuels and mining products 217.57 280.84 334.09 13.41 15.23 16.15 4.18 2.96 2.28 154.89 201.99 233.75Manufactures 89.64 104.56 128.23 5.41 7.29 6.33 2.01 2.72 3.95 27.86 32.92 40.66Total merchandise exports b 340.40 423.26 510.31 19.76 23.62 23.56 6.21 5.74 6.28 194.16 247.36 287.45

AfricaAgricultural products 28.74 30.34 34.33 1.66 1.59 1.61 0.10 0.12 0.21 13.76 14.75 16.47Fuels and mining products 206.92 254.80 295.80 56.98 71.44 82.17 8.42 10.07 13.20 80.71 98.28 107.80Manufactures 63.68 69.50 79.76 6.24 7.21 7.81 0.84 0.92 1.21 31.87 35.09 39.21Total merchandise exports b 308.65 366.70 424.14 65.20 80.52 91.87 9.36 11.11 14.62 129.89 151.79 167.55

Middle EastAgricultural products 13.10 15.98 19.18 0.31 0.33 0.37 0.04 0.06 0.07 2.71 2.63 3.03Fuels and mining products 400.50 502.72 565.40 41.94 48.87 58.27 2.46 2.98 2.70 57.80 67.11 76.64Manufactures 118.84 135.14 159.27 20.50 22.56 24.45 0.94 1.10 1.25 27.29 23.63 26.20Total merchandise exports b 542.04 662.25 759.89 63.43 72.37 83.93 3.69 4.28 4.36 89.63 95.87 108.30

AsiaAgricultural products 156.37 177.51 213.34 22.20 25.29 28.67 1.87 2.33 3.15 24.10 28.31 35.44

Food 121.06 133.93 164.27 18.05 20.33 23.28 1.24 1.47 2.09 18.31 20.94 27.15Fish 26.12 29.06 30.74 6.57 7.71 7.84 0.11 0.14 0.23 4.02 5.05 5.42Other food products 94.94 104.87 133.53 11.48 12.62 15.44 1.13 1.33 1.86 14.29 15.89 21.74

Raw materials 35.31 43.58 49.07 4.15 4.96 5.40 0.62 0.87 1.07 5.79 7.37 8.29Fuels and mining products 258.54 335.00 394.79 13.89 18.60 20.69 3.29 4.06 6.28 17.56 23.53 28.88

Ores and other minerals 39.30 51.79 66.05 1.73 1.77 2.09 0.05 0.04 0.09 4.45 6.19 7.02Fuels 177.64 217.40 251.69 8.62 11.29 13.14 3.08 3.77 5.86 9.83 11.49 14.12Non-ferrous metals 41.60 65.81 77.05 3.55 5.54 5.46 0.17 0.25 0.32 3.28 5.86 7.74

Manufactures 2308.21 2680.15 3101.92 563.64 655.42 697.39 43.34 59.21 77.64 446.97 532.65 637.12Iron and steel 83.68 106.13 140.42 10.73 17.40 16.74 0.83 1.83 3.04 6.36 14.21 23.05Chemicals 205.20 236.47 287.05 24.98 28.37 32.19 4.22 5.22 7.19 30.76 35.78 45.08

Pharmaceuticals 16.97 20.91 25.87 4.36 5.89 7.13 0.50 0.67 0.88 4.92 5.64 6.87Other chemicals 188.23 215.56 261.17 20.63 22.49 25.06 3.71 4.55 6.30 25.85 30.14 38.21

Other semi-manufactures 162.43 189.21 220.98 40.64 47.74 51.15 2.77 3.89 5.04 30.14 36.29 46.19Machinery and transport equipment 1348.85 1561.84 1782.48 340.90 396.36 412.71 24.97 34.73 44.33 269.33 307.97 366.49

Office and telecom equipment 695.27 799.96 880.91 170.14 199.87 204.69 7.31 9.82 11.33 147.36 164.25 189.40EDP and office equipment 251.11 282.89 312.47 77.91 93.41 98.30 1.27 1.77 2.51 66.37 73.41 87.02Telecommunications equipment 218.76 251.11 277.63 69.84 81.09 82.92 4.98 6.68 7.48 56.48 61.05 68.21Integrated circuits 225.40 265.96 290.82 22.40 25.37 23.47 1.07 1.38 1.34 24.51 29.79 34.18

Transport equipment 286.09 332.08 393.54 93.87 107.88 110.84 11.27 15.57 20.64 60.95 70.60 82.14Automotive products 195.03 224.01 264.60 74.35 86.75 88.55 7.02 9.41 13.68 37.86 41.82 48.40Other transport equipment 91.07 108.07 128.94 19.52 21.13 22.30 4.24 6.16 6.96 23.09 28.77 33.74

Other machinery 367.49 429.80 508.03 76.89 88.62 97.18 6.39 9.34 12.36 61.01 73.12 94.95Textiles 95.52 104.63 113.82 15.89 17.39 17.44 3.59 4.54 5.78 16.46 18.23 21.08Clothing 134.26 160.87 180.97 48.92 55.70 60.06 2.61 3.33 4.73 36.50 51.35 51.22Other manufactures 278.26 321.00 376.19 81.58 92.46 107.10 4.36 5.67 7.51 57.41 68.81 84.00 Personal and household goods 63.07 73.53 87.35 25.50 29.37 33.09 1.47 1.96 2.55 16.86 19.54 24.42 Scientific and controlling instruments 69.02 84.41 102.82 11.45 14.71 19.36 0.67 0.92 1.67 10.64 15.28 19.81 Miscellaneous manufactures 146.17 163.06 186.02 44.62 48.38 54.65 2.22 2.80 3.29 29.92 33.99 39.76

Total merchandise exports b 2786.62 3275.99 3799.73 608.45 708.71 756.39 51.28 69.48 92.30 499.05 601.31 714.64

World a North America South & Central America Europe

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(Billion dollars)

Destination

2005 2006 2007 2005 2006 2007 2005 2006 2007 2005 2006 2007 Origin

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)8.16 9.15 12.42 1.28 1.23 2.69 1.45 1.65 2.39 6.90 8.59 10.25 Agricultural products

23.62 30.07 37.51 0.53 0.49 0.64 3.16 4.83 6.15 17.59 24.06 34.38 Fuels and mining products29.74 38.99 51.25 3.01 3.17 3.43 5.31 5.19 7.58 15.83 12.47 13.42 Manufactures62.43 79.31 103.20 4.88 4.96 6.87 10.11 11.78 16.24 41.26 46.22 59.62 Total merchandise exports b

Africa0.48 0.44 0.63 5.42 6.07 6.93 1.30 1.54 1.67 5.26 4.91 5.67 Agricultural products0.08 0.05 0.07 9.89 11.86 14.33 1.45 1.83 1.78 38.65 53.14 63.24 Fuels and mining products0.13 0.21 0.24 12.13 13.93 17.18 2.55 2.74 3.33 8.78 8.41 9.58 Manufactures0.71 0.71 0.94 29.37 34.14 40.47 5.59 9.34 10.53 54.97 68.48 80.88 Total merchandise exports b

Middle East0.46 0.70 0.83 0.88 1.13 1.39 6.76 8.82 10.80 1.38 1.50 1.68 Agricultural products0.09 0.09 0.10 11.64 14.17 15.41 17.61 20.61 23.52 251.88 323.32 364.20 Fuels and mining products2.58 3.38 3.65 6.97 8.75 10.38 32.99 44.18 56.47 22.50 24.66 28.41 Manufactures3.28 4.31 4.76 19.87 24.34 27.53 60.47 75.58 93.37 278.55 351.82 397.30 Total merchandise exports b

Asia3.03 3.69 4.87 6.23 6.85 9.32 7.69 9.18 11.90 90.75 101.47 119.29 Agricultural products2.81 3.35 4.49 5.70 6.21 8.51 7.10 8.33 10.84 67.42 72.95 87.31 Food0.25 0.47 0.72 0.27 0.41 0.53 0.35 0.48 0.58 14.48 14.78 15.40 Fish2.56 2.88 3.76 5.43 5.80 7.98 6.76 7.85 10.26 52.94 58.18 71.91 Other food products0.22 0.34 0.38 0.54 0.64 0.81 0.59 0.85 1.06 23.33 28.51 31.98 Raw materials0.69 0.87 1.08 1.85 5.01 5.75 4.41 8.94 11.98 214.78 271.09 316.40 Fuels and mining products0.19 0.17 0.21 0.06 0.08 0.09 0.31 0.30 0.27 32.45 43.14 56.27 Ores and other minerals0.29 0.32 0.40 1.45 4.28 4.60 2.82 6.21 8.53 149.55 177.25 201.31 Fuels0.21 0.38 0.47 0.33 0.65 1.06 1.28 2.43 3.18 32.78 50.69 58.82 Non-ferrous metals

33.22 44.84 73.25 43.42 54.73 72.63 75.92 90.72 124.00 1089.13 1227.29 1404.80 Manufactures0.71 1.09 2.20 1.68 2.41 3.75 4.21 7.45 12.60 59.16 61.74 79.05 Iron and steel2.49 3.23 4.40 4.25 5.50 7.65 4.59 5.53 7.70 133.88 152.81 182.81 Chemicals0.42 0.53 0.59 0.90 1.40 2.05 0.38 0.40 0.56 5.49 6.40 7.80 Pharmaceuticals2.06 2.70 3.81 3.35 4.10 5.61 4.22 5.13 7.15 128.38 146.41 175.01 Other chemicals2.22 3.56 4.88 4.77 6.03 8.27 11.73 12.55 15.90 70.11 79.12 89.51 Other semi-manufactures

13.63 20.90 35.69 21.62 26.89 35.16 36.42 44.54 61.61 629.71 715.38 811.65 Machinery and transport equipment3.34 4.26 6.63 3.88 4.89 6.07 7.41 8.95 10.44 355.76 407.84 452.30 Office and telecom equipment0.60 0.85 1.24 0.72 0.88 1.00 1.68 2.22 3.05 102.56 110.35 119.34 EDP and office equipment2.51 3.23 5.23 2.85 3.58 4.59 5.25 6.26 6.97 76.79 89.16 102.18 Telecommunications equipment0.22 0.18 0.16 0.31 0.43 0.48 0.47 0.47 0.41 176.41 208.32 230.78 Integrated circuits6.74 11.26 19.86 10.86 12.91 17.34 16.80 19.91 28.26 73.52 79.00 99.71 Transport equipment6.00 10.24 18.19 7.34 9.68 12.73 14.83 17.65 24.62 47.45 48.31 58.24 Automotive products0.73 1.02 1.67 3.52 3.23 4.62 1.97 2.26 3.64 26.06 30.70 41.47 Other transport equipment3.56 5.38 9.20 6.88 9.09 11.74 12.22 15.69 22.92 200.43 228.54 259.64 Other machinery 2.02 2.39 3.22 5.16 6.16 7.28 6.50 6.76 7.37 45.84 49.08 51.56 Textiles7.27 7.23 14.10 2.37 3.31 4.84 4.19 4.36 7.00 32.38 35.57 38.98 Clothing4.89 6.43 8.76 3.58 4.42 5.68 8.28 9.53 11.81 118.06 133.58 151.24 Other manufactures2.83 3.60 4.84 1.39 1.74 2.29 1.89 2.33 2.85 13.11 14.97 17.25 Personal and household goods0.26 0.42 0.56 0.42 0.52 0.67 0.60 0.76 1.27 44.97 51.78 59.46 Scientific and controlling instruments1.80 2.41 3.36 1.77 2.16 2.72 5.80 6.45 7.69 59.98 66.83 74.53 Miscellaneous manufactures

37.17 49.85 79.78 54.09 69.75 91.35 90.37 111.57 150.44 1426.07 1640.94 1889.82 Total merchandise exports b

a Includes unspecified destinations.b Includes unspecified products.Note : For sources and methods, see the Metadata.

Asia

Network of world merchandise trade by product and region, 2005-2007

CIS Africa Middle East

Table A10 (continued)

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Table A11

(Billion dollars)

1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

Exports World 687.5 680.4 692.8 781.9 729.1 693.1 724.8 818.5 904.3 1036.6 1162.5North America 221.8 233.5 251.3 289.0 265.0 258.7 267.7 300.6 331.9 364.9 385.6

Canada 150.1 154.1 163.9 176.4 163.3 160.8 169.7 189.1 211.4 230.2 248.4Mexico 71.4 79.0 87.0 112.0 101.3 97.5 97.6 110.9 120.0 134.1 136.5

South and Central America 62.1 62.7 54.6 58.8 57.6 50.9 51.5 60.7 71.5 88.2 106.5Brazil 15.9 15.2 13.2 15.4 15.9 12.4 11.2 13.9 15.3 19.2 24.6Other South and Central America 46.2 47.5 41.3 43.4 41.7 38.5 40.2 46.8 56.2 69.0 81.8

Europe 159.0 166.2 168.9 184.8 177.7 160.1 168.9 188.8 205.4 238.3 276.0European Union (27) 144.6 152.7 155.0 168.8 162.6 147.3 155.2 173.7 187.4 214.9 247.7Other Europe 14.5 13.4 13.9 16.0 15.1 12.8 13.8 15.1 18.0 23.4 28.3

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 4.7 4.6 2.8 3.3 3.8 3.8 3.7 4.8 5.9 7.1 10.6Russian Federation 3.3 3.6 1.8 2.3 2.7 2.4 2.4 3.0 3.9 4.7 7.4Other CIS 1.4 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.4 1.3 1.9 1.9 2.4 3.3

Africa 11.4 11.2 9.9 11.0 12.3 10.7 10.7 13.5 15.5 19.0 23.7South Africa 3.2 3.1 3.7 3.1 3.0 2.5 2.8 3.2 3.9 4.5 5.5Other Africa 8.2 8.1 6.2 7.9 9.3 8.1 7.9 10.3 11.6 14.5 18.1

Middle East 20.9 23.6 20.9 19.1 19.2 18.9 19.4 23.5 31.9 39.1 46.3Asia 207.2 178.2 184.0 215.6 193.1 189.7 202.7 226.4 241.9 279.8 313.3

China 12.8 14.3 13.1 16.3 19.2 22.1 28.4 34.7 41.8 55.2 65.2Japan 65.7 57.9 57.5 65.3 57.5 51.4 52.1 54.4 55.4 59.6 62.7Six East Asian traders 96.5 77.5 85.0 102.5 87.3 85.0 88.6 100.8 104.4 118.6 127.6Other Asia 32.3 28.6 28.4 31.5 29.0 31.2 33.6 36.4 40.3 46.4 57.8

Imports World 898.0 944.4 1059.2 1259.3 1179.2 1200.2 1303.1 1525.7 1732.7 1918.1 2020.4North America 258.5 274.0 312.5 370.7 352.6 349.2 366.5 417.7 464.6 507.9 531.6

Canada 171.3 177.9 201.4 232.7 219.9 213.5 227.2 259.7 291.9 307.7 317.5Mexico 87.1 96.1 111.1 137.6 132.7 135.9 139.5 157.9 172.5 200.4 213.3

South and Central America 57.1 53.8 61.8 77.5 71.7 73.7 83.8 105.2 129.9 140.4 141.8Brazil 10.1 10.6 11.9 14.6 15.2 16.7 18.9 22.7 26.2 28.0 27.2Other South and Central America 46.9 43.1 49.9 62.9 56.4 57.0 64.9 82.5 103.7 112.4 114.6

Europe 182.1 202.5 224.5 255.5 252.8 259.7 282.0 317.5 346.8 369.9 393.5European Union (27) 166.1 186.4 206.1 235.0 233.6 239.5 260.8 292.4 319.7 341.2 364.9Other Europe 16.0 16.1 18.4 20.6 19.3 20.2 21.2 25.1 27.1 28.7 28.6

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 5.3 7.1 7.2 9.8 8.1 8.4 10.4 14.9 19.8 25.3 26.5Russian Federation 4.5 6.0 6.0 8.0 6.5 7.1 9.1 12.6 16.2 20.7 20.2Other CIS 0.8 1.1 1.1 1.8 1.5 1.2 1.3 2.3 3.6 4.6 6.3

Africa 21.1 17.0 18.0 29.1 26.8 23.3 33.9 48.3 67.9 83.8 95.2South Africa 3.1 3.7 2.8 4.4 4.6 4.2 4.8 6.2 6.1 7.7 9.3Other Africa 18.0 13.3 15.2 24.7 22.2 19.1 29.1 42.2 61.8 76.1 85.9

Middle East 21.6 20.3 26.8 40.9 38.7 35.8 43.9 54.2 65.7 74.7 80.3Asia 352.4 369.6 408.5 475.7 428.6 450.2 482.6 567.7 638.0 716.0 751.4

China 65.8 75.1 87.8 107.6 109.4 133.4 163.2 210.5 259.8 305.7 340.3Japan 124.3 125.1 134.9 150.7 129.6 124.5 121.1 133.4 142.0 152.2 149.6Six East Asian traders 120.1 122.2 136.0 159.4 135.2 135.5 138.3 157.1 162.3 174.9 173.0Other Asia 42.2 47.2 49.8 58.0 54.4 56.8 60.0 66.7 73.9 83.2 88.5

Merchandise trade by region and selected economies, 1997-2007 — United States

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Table A12

(Billion dollars)

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2000-07 2004 2005 2006 2007

Exports World 3148.9 3762.5 4065.9 4590.9 5319.7 12 19 8 13 16North America 296.6 337.1 362.5 393.0 419.4 8 14 8 8 7

United States 254.5 290.3 311.0 334.4 354.5 7 14 7 7 6Other North America 42.1 46.8 51.4 58.7 64.9 10 11 10 14 11

South and Central America 38.8 46.7 53.5 61.5 74.4 8 20 15 15 21Brazil 13.8 17.4 19.7 21.9 28.5 9 26 13 11 30Other South and Central America 25.0 29.3 33.8 39.6 45.9 8 17 15 17 16

Europe 2335.4 2787.8 2987.9 3394.1 3926.1 12 19 7 14 16European Union (27) 2165.7 2577.1 2755.6 3135.4 3621.9 12 19 7 14 16Other Europe 169.8 210.8 232.3 258.8 304.2 12 24 10 11 18

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 60.0 82.0 100.8 131.6 174.4 28 37 23 31 32Russian Federation 41.5 56.6 70.1 89.9 120.8 29 36 24 28 34Other CIS 18.6 25.5 30.8 41.8 53.6 27 37 21 36 28

Africa 77.5 92.7 105.9 113.3 138.1 13 20 14 7 22South Africa 15.0 19.4 22.3 24.6 27.6 14 29 15 10 12Other Africa 62.4 73.4 83.7 88.7 110.5 13 18 14 6 25

Middle East 76.8 93.7 108.4 113.1 132.3 13 22 16 4 17Asia 232.9 285.0 305.5 337.6 395.7 12 22 7 10 17

China 46.3 59.4 63.7 79.1 97.1 22 28 7 24 23Japan 45.5 52.9 53.4 55.2 58.5 5 16 1 3 6Six East Asian traders 83.4 100.7 108.6 117.7 133.6 9 21 8 8 14Other Asia 57.8 71.9 79.8 85.6 106.5 13 24 11 7 24

Imports World 3214.2 3854.5 4222.3 4829.9 5573.9 12 20 10 14 15North America 203.8 227.4 238.1 257.3 295.4 5 12 5 8 15

United States 177.4 197.1 203.3 219.0 247.2 4 11 3 8 13Other North America 26.4 30.3 34.7 38.3 48.1 10 15 15 10 26

South and Central America 54.8 68.9 76.6 93.7 110.0 14 26 11 22 17Brazil 21.6 27.0 29.9 34.0 44.6 15 25 11 14 31Other South and Central America 33.2 41.9 46.7 59.7 65.4 14 26 11 28 10

Europe 2312.8 2769.2 2969.6 3377.4 3903.5 12 20 7 14 16European Union (27) 2156.2 2576.4 2754.2 3133.0 3621.9 12 19 7 14 16Other Europe 156.6 192.8 215.4 244.4 281.5 13 23 12 13 15

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 95.6 132.4 176.8 224.6 250.9 20 38 34 27 12Russian Federation 77.7 105.3 142.7 178.5 196.9 19 36 36 25 10Other CIS 17.9 27.1 34.1 46.1 54.0 25 51 26 35 17

Africa 88.5 103.1 128.9 146.5 162.2 12 16 25 14 11South Africa 16.8 19.5 20.7 23.0 28.4 11 16 7 11 24Other Africa 71.7 83.6 108.2 123.5 133.8 12 17 29 14 8

Middle East 45.4 59.9 82.9 86.9 91.4 10 32 38 5 5Asia 383.6 468.9 520.0 602.2 709.7 13 22 11 16 18

China 120.0 160.0 199.2 244.3 315.7 24 33 25 23 29Japan 81.6 92.8 92.1 96.9 106.6 3 14 -1 5 10Six East Asian traders 114.3 137.0 145.4 165.1 176.5 8 20 6 14 7Other Asia 67.7 79.0 83.3 95.8 110.9 11 17 5 15 16

Value Annual percentage change

Merchandise trade by region and selected economies, 2003-2007 — European Union (27)

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Table A13

(Billion dollars)

1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

Exports World 421.1 388.1 417.6 479.2 403.5 416.7 471.8 565.7 594.9 647.0 712.8North America 128.4 130.4 141.1 156.9 133.4 131.5 128.6 142.5 151.7 166.5 166.4

United States 113.0 118.4 119.8 144.0 122.6 120.4 117.5 128.7 135.9 147.2 145.6Other North America 15.4 12.0 21.3 12.9 10.9 11.1 11.1 13.8 15.8 19.3 20.8

South and Central America 15.9 15.3 13.5 8.0 7.6 6.7 6.5 8.1 9.4 12.0 15.0Brazil 2.9 2.6 2.0 2.5 2.5 1.8 1.9 2.3 2.7 3.0 4.0Other South and Central America 12.9 12.7 11.4 5.5 5.1 4.9 4.6 5.8 6.6 9.0 11.0

Europe 72.7 78.7 81.2 85.4 70.2 67.2 80.0 94.8 93.5 100.9 112.9European Union (27) 67.2 73.3 76.5 80.6 66.7 64.0 75.7 89.3 87.8 94.2 105.7Other Europe 5.5 5.4 4.7 4.8 3.5 3.2 4.3 5.5 5.7 6.7 7.2

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 1.2 1.2 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.2 2.2 3.8 5.2 8.3 12.5Russian Federation 1.0 1.0 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.9 1.8 3.1 4.5 7.1 10.8Other CIS 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.7 1.2 1.7

Africa 5.3 5.7 5.3 4.2 3.7 3.9 4.8 6.6 7.0 8.5 10.3South Africa 1.4 1.6 2.1 1.9 1.5 1.6 2.0 2.9 3.3 4.1 4.6Other Africa 3.9 4.1 3.2 2.3 2.2 2.4 2.8 3.7 3.7 4.4 5.7

Middle East 10.4 12.4 9.8 9.7 10.5 11.4 12.9 14.5 16.5 19.2 26.2Asia 186.9 144.1 165.9 207.3 171.7 189.5 231.2 288.7 303.5 322.8 361.5

China ... ... ... 42.5 42.3 52.5 72.9 92.9 98.4 111.9 129.9Six East Asian traders ... ... ... 130.0 99.1 105.9 122.6 153.6 161.2 167.1 180.0Other Asia 34.9 27.0 30.2 34.8 30.3 31.1 35.7 42.3 43.8 43.7 51.6

Imports World 338.8 280.6 310.0 379.5 349.1 337.2 382.9 454.5 516.7 579.1 621.1North America 87.4 76.4 77.1 83.6 73.5 67.7 69.2 74.2 77.0 81.8 85.4

United States 79.8 76.0 67.5 72.5 63.7 58.7 59.9 63.6 65.5 69.4 72.3Other North America 7.7 0.4 9.6 11.1 9.8 9.0 9.3 10.6 11.5 12.4 13.1

South and Central America 9.6 7.7 7.6 8.2 7.1 6.8 7.7 10.4 12.1 16.2 19.6Brazil 3.7 2.9 2.7 3.0 2.5 2.7 2.9 3.7 4.4 5.1 6.0Other South and Central America 5.8 4.8 5.0 5.2 4.6 4.2 4.8 6.8 7.7 11.1 13.6

Europe 50.9 44.2 48.5 52.6 50.3 49.6 55.7 64.5 65.7 67.1 72.7European Union (27) 45.6 39.6 43.3 47.7 45.6 44.8 50.1 58.0 58.9 60.1 65.1Other Europe 5.2 4.5 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.8 5.6 6.5 6.8 7.0 7.6

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 4.4 3.1 4.0 4.9 4.2 3.6 4.6 6.2 6.8 7.4 11.5Russian Federation 4.0 2.9 3.8 4.6 3.9 3.3 4.2 5.7 6.2 6.7 10.6Other CIS 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.9

Africa 4.8 3.9 4.0 4.9 4.5 5.7 6.4 8.7 9.9 13.2 14.8South Africa 2.2 2.7 3.6 3.0 2.8 2.9 3.6 4.6 5.5 6.6 7.7Other Africa 2.6 1.2 0.5 1.9 1.7 2.8 2.9 4.1 4.3 6.6 7.0

Middle East 38.3 25.5 30.3 49.2 44.3 40.7 51.2 62.7 87.5 109.1 113.7Asia 143.4 119.7 138.3 176.0 165.2 163.1 188.1 227.8 257.6 284.2 303.3

China 41.9 37.1 42.9 55.1 57.9 61.8 75.4 94.3 108.6 118.5 127.8Six East Asian traders 56.2 45.6 55.8 71.5 61.4 57.1 63.3 74.6 81.4 89.1 90.8Other Asia 45.4 37.0 39.6 49.4 45.9 44.3 49.3 59.0 67.6 76.6 84.7

Merchandise trade by region and selected economies, 1997-2007 — Japan

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Table A14

(Billion dollars)

1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

Exports World 182.8 183.8 194.9 249.2 266.1 325.6 438.2 593.3 762.0 968.9 1217.8North America 35.1 40.8 45.2 73.9 77.5 100.4 130.4 176.2 226.0 284.2 326.2

United States 32.7 38.0 42.0 68.2 71.1 91.4 119.2 159.7 204.9 255.0 289.4Other North America 2.3 2.8 3.2 5.7 6.4 9.0 11.2 16.4 21.1 29.2 36.8

South and Central America 4.2 4.6 4.4 5.7 6.3 6.5 8.4 13.0 17.7 26.6 39.3Brazil 1.0 1.1 0.9 1.2 1.3 1.5 2.1 3.7 4.8 7.4 11.4Other South and Central America 3.1 3.5 3.5 4.5 5.0 5.0 6.3 9.3 12.9 19.3 28.0

Europe 27.2 31.8 34.0 51.6 55.4 67.2 100.8 140.5 186.8 244.0 317.3European Union (27) 25.2 29.8 32.1 49.1 53.4 64.7 96.5 134.4 178.3 231.4 299.2Other Europe 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.5 2.0 2.5 4.2 6.0 8.5 12.6 18.1

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 2.4 2.4 2.2 3.2 3.5 5.1 9.3 13.8 21.4 28.0 48.0Russian Federation 2.0 1.8 1.5 2.2 2.7 3.5 6.0 9.1 13.2 15.8 28.5Other CIS 0.4 0.6 0.7 1.0 0.8 1.6 3.3 4.7 8.2 12.2 19.5

Africa 3.2 4.0 4.1 4.9 5.9 6.9 10.1 13.6 18.5 26.2 36.5South Africa 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.3 2.0 3.0 3.8 5.8 7.4Other Africa 2.4 3.1 3.2 3.9 4.8 5.6 8.1 10.7 14.7 20.4 29.1

Middle East 3.6 4.1 4.6 6.2 7.1 9.5 13.3 16.9 22.2 29.6 44.0Asia 107.1 96.1 100.4 103.5 110.3 130.0 165.9 219.1 269.2 329.4 405.3

Japan 31.8 29.7 32.4 44.3 49.0 55.3 70.8 89.6 102.4 112.0 124.8Six East Asian traders 64.1 55.7 56.2 42.6 43.6 52.4 64.6 86.5 111.7 145.8 180.2Other Asia 11.3 10.8 11.7 16.7 17.7 22.2 30.5 43.0 55.2 71.6 100.3

Imports World 142.4 140.2 165.7 225.1 243.6 295.2 412.8 561.2 660.0 791.5 956.0North America 18.5 19.3 22.0 26.6 31.0 32.0 40.0 54.2 58.5 69.6 83.8

United States 16.3 16.9 19.5 22.4 26.2 27.3 33.9 44.8 48.7 59.3 69.5Other North America 2.2 2.4 2.5 4.2 4.8 4.7 6.1 9.5 9.7 10.3 14.2

South and Central America 3.6 2.8 2.8 4.9 5.9 7.2 13.2 19.5 24.4 31.5 47.7Brazil 1.5 1.1 1.0 1.6 2.3 3.0 5.8 8.7 10.0 12.9 18.3Other South and Central America 2.1 1.7 1.9 3.3 3.6 4.2 7.3 10.9 14.4 18.6 29.4

Europe 20.7 22.0 27.4 33.5 39.0 43.1 59.1 76.2 79.9 97.2 120.0European Union (27) 19.3 20.9 25.8 31.3 36.4 39.8 55.0 70.5 74.0 90.6 110.9Other Europe 1.4 1.2 1.6 2.2 2.6 3.3 4.2 5.7 5.9 6.6 9.0

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 5.1 4.3 5.3 7.4 9.6 10.6 13.1 16.2 20.7 22.8 28.0Russian Federation 4.1 3.6 4.2 5.8 8.0 8.4 9.7 12.1 15.9 17.6 19.7Other CIS 1.0 0.7 1.1 1.6 1.7 2.2 3.4 4.1 4.8 5.2 8.3

Africa 2.5 1.5 2.4 5.6 4.8 5.4 8.4 15.6 21.1 28.8 36.4South Africa 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.8 3.0 3.4 4.1 6.6Other Africa 1.7 0.8 1.5 4.5 3.6 4.2 6.5 12.7 17.6 24.7 29.7

Middle East 3.8 3.2 3.6 10.0 9.2 9.5 14.4 21.6 31.0 40.8 47.9Asia 85.3 84.0 98.1 137.1 144.0 187.3 264.5 357.7 424.3 500.8 592.2

China 29.0 28.3 33.8 7.2 8.8 15.0 25.1 38.7 55.2 73.3 85.8Japan 47.3 47.6 54.1 41.5 42.8 53.5 74.1 94.3 100.4 115.7 133.9Six East Asian traders 8.9 8.1 10.3 73.1 76.2 99.3 136.9 182.5 214.3 246.8 286.5Other Asia 0.0 0.0 0.0 15.4 16.3 19.6 28.4 42.2 54.4 65.0 86.0

Merchandise trade by region and selected economies, 1997-2007 — China

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Table A15

(Billion dollars and percentage)

1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 2007 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 2007

World 22.9 72.4 205.6 464.8 724.8 1162.5 17.1 70.3 269.9 603.2 1303.1 1919.4

World 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100North America 21.2 26.4 25.4 30.6 36.9 33.2 25.7 28.6 26.1 25.6 28.1 26.3South and Central America 11.6 9.5 7.9 7.9 7.1 9.2 20.1 10.3 9.5 6.1 6.4 7.0Europe 29.7 28.8 26.8 24.9 23.3 23.7 27.5 27.6 21.1 20.1 21.6 19.5

European Union (27) - - - ... 21.4 21.3 - - - ... 20.0 18.1Other Europe - - - ... 1.9 2.4 - - - ... 1.6 1.4

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) - - - 0.8 0.5 0.9 - - - 0.4 0.8 1.3Russian Federation - - - 0.6 0.3 0.6 - - - 0.3 0.7 1.0

Africa 4.3 3.1 3.7 2.0 1.5 2.0 4.7 4.3 5.6 2.6 2.6 4.7South Africa 1.2 1.0 1.0 0.5 0.4 0.5 1.5 0.5 0.8 0.3 0.4 0.5Other Africa 3.1 2.1 2.7 1.5 1.1 1.6 3.2 3.8 4.8 2.3 2.2 4.3

Middle East 2.4 3.0 6.5 3.6 2.7 4.0 1.8 2.4 2.8 2.7 3.4 4.0Asia 20.6 23.3 26.0 30.1 28.0 27.0 19.6 26.1 34.5 42.5 37.0 37.2

Japan 7.5 11.4 10.1 10.3 7.2 5.4 8.8 13.8 16.1 18.3 9.3 7.4China 0.0 0.0 1.4 1.9 3.9 5.6 0.0 0.1 0.9 5.6 12.5 16.8Six East Asian traders 3.0 5.6 9.2 13.4 12.2 11.0 2.9 7.5 12.2 14.4 10.6 8.6Other Asia 10.1 6.3 5.3 4.5 4.6 5.0 7.9 4.8 5.3 4.1 4.6 4.4

Total merchandise 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100Agricultural products 29.8 28.7 21.6 13.3 10.5 9.8 33.3 18.3 10.3 7.3 5.9 5.4

Food 21.5 23.2 17.3 10.1 8.1 7.5 23.3 13.6 7.8 5.3 4.7 4.3Fish 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.4 2.3 2.0 1.4 1.0 0.9 0.7Other food products 21.4 22.8 16.8 9.4 7.6 7.2 21.0 11.6 6.4 4.3 3.8 3.6

Raw materials 6.3 5.5 4.3 3.2 2.4 2.2 10.0 4.7 2.5 2.0 1.3 1.1Fuels and mining products 8.1 6.0 7.6 4.1 3.9 7.2 22.9 18.6 26.4 12.1 14.2 21.2

Ores and other minerals 2.2 2.1 1.9 1.0 1.0 2.2 6.1 2.4 1.3 0.7 0.4 0.5Fuels 4.1 2.3 4.7 2.1 1.9 3.6 11.6 12.8 22.3 9.8 12.5 18.4Non-ferrous metals 1.7 1.5 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.4 5.3 3.5 2.8 1.5 1.3 2.3

Manufactures 61.4 62.8 66.8 76.6 81.3 78.2 40.5 60.5 60.5 77.3 76.0 69.8Iron and steel 2.3 1.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.3 3.8 4.3 2.7 1.8 1.1 1.9Chemicals 8.6 8.1 9.9 9.9 13.0 13.3 3.3 11.1 4.2 5.1 8.0 7.9

Pharmaceuticals 1.2 0.9 1.3 1.3 2.6 2.9 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.7 2.4 2.7Other chemicals 7.4 7.2 8.6 8.6 10.3 10.4 3.0 10.9 3.7 4.4 5.5 5.2

Other semi-manufactures 5.6 5.2 4.9 5.3 6.0 5.9 10.9 8.8 6.9 6.8 7.0 6.4Machinery and transport equipment 35.9 40.0 42.7 48.4 48.5 46.1 10.8 31.1 33.0 44.0 41.0 37.3

Office and telecom equipment 4.2 6.2 10.8 9.8 15.5 11.6 2.3 6.3 8.9 11.9 13.9 13.0EDP and office equipment ... ... 5.7 6.7 5.7 4.0 ... ... 2.6 7.3 6.3 5.5Telecommunications equipment ... ... 1.8 3.1 3.3 3.3 ... ... 4.3 4.6 5.6 6.2Integrated circuits ... ... 2.3 4.3 6.6 4.3 ... ... 2.0 3.5 2.0 1.3

Transport equipment 13.3 18.6 16.7 16.4 16.6 17.5 4.7 17.9 16.4 14.5 16.5 13.2Automotive products 7.5 11.0 8.4 9.2 9.6 9.4 3.5 15.2 14.4 14.4 13.9 10.9Other transport equipment 5.7 7.6 8.3 0.1 7.0 8.2 1.1 2.7 1.9 0.2 2.6 2.3

Other machinery 18.4 15.3 15.3 22.2 16.4 17.0 3.8 6.8 7.7 17.6 10.6 11.1Power generating machinery 0.6 0.5 2.6 4.2 2.9 3.1 0.1 0.1 0.7 2.9 1.3 1.9Non-electrical machinery 14.2 11.0 9.3 9.0 8.5 9.4 2.8 4.4 4.3 5.9 5.1 5.7Electrical machinery 3.6 3.8 3.4 9.0 5.0 4.5 1.0 2.3 2.6 7.6 4.2 2.7

Textiles 2.1 1.8 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.1 4.0 2.2 1.2 1.5 1.4 1.2Clothing 0.4 0.4 0.5 1.1 0.8 0.4 2.3 3.1 3.9 5.9 5.5 4.2Other manufactures 6.5 5.4 6.8 9.9 10.6 10.2 5.4 7.5 8.6 12.2 12.1 10.9

Personal and household goods ... ... ... 0.8 0.7 0.7 ... ... ... 3.5 3.7 3.3Scientific and controlling instruments ... ... ... 3.4 4.3 4.1 ... ... ... 1.4 1.8 1.8Miscellaneous manufactures ... ... ... 5.7 5.6 5.4 ... ... ... 7.3 6.5 5.8

Merchandise trade of the United States by region and by product, 1963, 1973, 1983, 1993, 2003 and 2007

Exports Imports

Share

Value

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Table A16

(Billion dollars and percentage)

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

World 3386.5 4051.1 4397.5 4975.6 5772.2 3461.5 4161.3 4573.6 5238.0 6060.8

World 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100Intra-Europe 73.8 73.8 73.3 73.7 73.5 71.9 71.7 70.1 69.5 69.6

European Union (27) 68.6 68.4 67.8 68.3 68.0 67.2 66.8 65.1 64.6 64.7Other Europe 5.2 5.4 5.5 5.4 5.5 4.8 4.9 5.0 4.9 4.9

Inter-regional trade 25.1 25.2 25.7 25.3 25.3 27.1 27.6 29.2 29.6 29.5North America 9.5 9.1 9.0 8.6 7.9 6.3 5.9 5.6 5.4 5.3South and Central America 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 1.9 2.2 2.5 2.9 3.3 3.1 3.6 4.4 4.9 4.8

Russian Federation 1.3 1.5 1.7 1.9 2.2 2.5 2.9 3.5 3.9 3.8Africa 2.4 2.4 2.6 2.4 2.6 2.7 2.7 3.0 3.0 2.9

South Africa 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5Other Africa 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.5 2.4

Middle East 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.6 1.5 1.6 2.0 1.9 1.7Asia 7.5 7.6 7.5 7.4 7.5 11.8 12.1 12.3 12.4 12.7

Japan 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.1 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.0 1.9China 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.8 3.7 4.1 4.7 5.0 5.7Australia and New Zealand 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3Six East Asian traders 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.2Other Asia 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6

Total merchandise 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100Agricultural products 9.6 9.2 9.1 8.8 9.0 10.2 9.7 9.4 9.0 9.3

Food 8.0 7.7 7.6 7.4 7.5 8.4 8.0 7.7 7.3 7.6Fish 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7Other food products 7.4 7.1 7.0 6.8 7.0 7.6 7.2 7.0 6.6 6.9

Raw materials 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.7Fuels and mining products 7.2 7.8 9.4 10.8 10.5 11.4 12.2 15.2 17.4 16.7

Ores and other minerals 0.7 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.7 1.8Fuels 4.9 5.2 6.7 7.3 6.8 8.4 8.8 11.8 12.9 11.9Non-ferrous metals 1.6 1.7 1.8 2.4 2.5 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.9 2.9

Manufactures 80.9 80.8 79.4 78.4 78.6 75.7 75.7 73.5 71.8 72.3Iron and steel 2.7 3.3 3.4 3.6 4.0 2.5 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.9Chemicals 14.8 14.9 15.1 14.9 15.3 12.6 12.6 12.7 12.4 12.9

Pharmaceuticals 4.9 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.1 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.8 3.8Other chemicals 9.9 9.9 10.0 9.9 10.2 8.7 8.7 8.8 8.6 9.1

Other semi-manufactures 8.7 8.6 8.4 8.3 8.5 8.0 7.9 7.7 7.5 7.8Machinery and transport equipment 40.3 40.2 39.1 38.8 38.3 37.8 37.8 36.1 35.3 34.4

Office and telecom equipment 8.4 8.3 8.7 8.7 7.0 10.3 10.5 10.5 10.7 9.0EDP and office equipment 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.3 2.8 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6 3.9Telecommunications equipment 3.4 3.4 3.8 4.1 3.1 3.7 3.9 4.3 4.7 3.9Integrated circuits 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.2

Transport equipment 16.9 16.8 15.6 15.1 15.7 15.1 15.1 13.7 12.9 13.4Automotive products 12.1 12.1 11.5 11.1 11.3 10.4 10.5 9.8 9.4 9.6Other transport equipment 4.8 4.7 4.2 4.0 4.4 4.7 4.6 3.9 3.5 3.8

Other machinery 15.0 15.1 14.8 15.0 15.6 12.3 12.2 11.8 11.6 12.0Textiles 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.6 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.6 1.6Clothing 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 3.3 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.9Other manufactures 9.6 9.4 9.2 9.0 8.9 9.5 9.2 9.1 8.8 8.8

Personal and household goods 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2Scientific and controlling instruments 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6Miscellaneous manufactures 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.3 5.1 5.1 4.9 5.0

Share

Merchandise trade of Europe by region and by product, 2003-2007

Imports

Value

Exports

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Table A17

(Billion dollars and percentage)

1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 2007 1963 1973 1983 1993 2003 2007

World 5.5 36.9 147.0 362.2 471.8 712.8 6.7 38.3 126.4 241.6 382.9 621.1

World 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100North America 30.7 29.2 32.4 32.2 27.3 23.4 37.6 30.2 24.6 26.9 18.1 13.8South and Central America 5.3 5.2 2.3 3.3 1.4 2.1 6.4 4.4 3.5 2.8 2.0 3.2Europe 13.3 17.9 15.8 18.3 17.0 15.8 10.0 10.6 8.8 15.5 14.5 11.7

European Union (27) ... ... ... 16.9 16.0 14.8 ... ... ... ... 13.1 10.5Other Europe ... ... ... 1.4 0.9 1.0 ... ... ... ... 1.5 1.2

Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) - - - 0.5 0.5 1.8 - - - 1.2 1.2 1.9Russian Federation - - - 0.4 0.4 1.5 - - - 1.1 1.1 1.7

Africa 6.3 4.1 3.6 2.0 1.0 1.4 3.9 4.5 2.6 1.6 1.7 2.4South Africa 1.5 1.6 1.2 0.6 0.4 0.6 1.9 1.5 1.3 0.8 0.9 1.2Other Africa 4.8 2.4 2.4 1.5 0.6 0.8 2.0 3.1 1.3 0.8 0.7 1.1

Middle East 3.2 4.1 10.8 3.3 2.7 3.7 11.2 12.5 26.5 11.3 13.4 18.3Asia 34.9 31.6 31.0 40.1 49.0 50.7 28.2 34.5 32.6 40.3 49.1 48.8

China a 1.1 2.8 3.3 4.8 15.4 18.2 1.1 2.5 4.0 8.5 19.7 20.6Six East Asian traders 15.8 18.0 17.8 28.3 26.0 25.3 8.4 9.8 9.7 17.0 16.5 14.6Australia and New Zealand 3.7 3.9 3.6 2.5 2.5 2.3 8.5 10.2 6.0 5.8 4.5 5.5Other Asia 14.2 6.9 6.3 4.6 5.1 4.9 10.3 12.0 12.9 9.1 8.4 8.2

Total merchandise 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100Agricultural products 8.8 4.1 1.8 1.0 1.0 1.1 44.5 36.0 20.7 24.6 15.3 11.1

Food 5.9 2.4 1.0 0.6 0.5 0.5 20.8 18.9 13.5 17.3 12.3 8.9Fish 3.7 1.4 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.5 2.6 3.1 5.8 3.3 2.1Other food products 2.2 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.3 20.2 16.3 10.5 11.6 9.0 6.9

Raw materials 3.0 1.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 23.7 17.1 7.1 7.3 2.9 2.2Fuels and mining products 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.4 1.7 3.7 32.9 37.8 55.9 26.8 26.1 36.6

Ores and other minerals 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.7 13.0 11.6 5.9 3.6 2.7 5.3Fuels 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3 1.3 18.0 21.8 46.7 20.4 21.2 27.8Non-ferrous metals 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.9 1.7 1.9 4.3 3.2 2.7 2.2 3.5

Manufactures 88.8 93.1 95.6 95.5 93.0 89.7 22.4 25.6 21.5 46.1 57.0 50.6Iron and steel 12.9 14.4 8.7 4.0 3.8 4.8 1.3 0.6 1.1 1.7 0.9 1.3Chemicals 5.8 5.8 4.6 5.6 8.3 9.1 5.5 4.9 5.5 7.3 7.7 7.3

Pharmaceuticals 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.9 1.0 1.6 1.6 1.5Other chemicals 5.3 5.5 4.4 5.1 7.6 8.7 4.9 3.9 4.6 5.7 6.1 5.9

Other semi-manufactures 11.7 7.0 6.3 4.4 4.3 4.2 1.2 3.9 2.1 4.9 4.3 3.9Machinery and transport equipment 27.4 51.7 63.8 71.8 66.8 63.2 12.0 8.3 7.0 16.9 27.6 24.3

Office and telecom equipment 6.8 12.7 18.4 23.3 19.1 14.5 2.1 2.1 1.9 6.8 14.2 11.2EDP and office equipment ... ... 4.8 9.1 5.1 3.3 ... ... 0.8 2.9 6.3 3.8Telecommunications equipment ... ... 11.1 8.1 6.5 4.9 ... ... 0.4 1.8 3.4 3.5Integrated circuits ... ... 2.5 6.1 7.5 6.3 ... ... 0.7 2.2 4.5 3.9

Transport equipment 12.2 26.1 28.6 28.3 27.4 27.5 2.4 1.8 2.1 4.5 4.7 4.1Automotive products 3.4 12.0 20.9 22.1 21.8 22.3 0.5 0.6 0.5 2.7 2.9 2.5Other transport equipment 8.7 14.1 7.7 6.2 5.6 5.2 1.9 1.2 1.6 1.8 1.8 1.6

Other machinery 8.4 12.9 16.8 20.1 20.4 21.3 7.5 4.4 3.0 5.6 8.7 9.0Power generating machinery 0.2 0.5 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.4 0.9 0.3 0.6 0.8 1.2 1.2Non-electrical machinery 4.6 8.1 10.3 12.4 12.6 13.5 5.4 2.8 1.6 2.7 3.4 3.9Electrical machinery 3.6 4.3 5.1 6.4 6.6 6.2 1.3 1.3 0.9 2.1 4.1 3.9

Textiles 16.8 6.6 3.6 1.9 1.4 1.0 0.6 3.0 1.2 1.6 1.3 1.0Clothing 3.9 1.0 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 1.5 1.2 5.2 5.1 3.9Other manufactures 10.3 6.5 8.1 7.7 8.4 7.3 1.7 3.6 3.3 8.5 10.2 8.9

Personal and household goods 1.7 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.6 2.4 2.7 2.2Scientific and controlling instruments 3.1 3.7 1.4 2.1 3.1 2.9 1.0 1.0 0.8 1.5 2.5 2.3Miscellaneous manufactures 5.5 2.4 6.5 5.4 5.1 4.3 0.6 2.1 1.9 4.6 5.0 4.4

a Includes significant shipments recorded as exports to Hong Kong, China with China as final destination.

Share

Merchandise trade of Japan by region and by product, 1963, 1973, 1983, 1993, 2003 and 2007

Exports Imports

Value

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Table A18

(Billion dollars)

exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp

Agricultural products 2006 27.87 14.84 0.99 2.37 3.63 3.07 0.24 0.12 0.84 0.42 0.67 0.06 9.97 3.06 2007 28.98 17.17 1.36 2.60 3.95 3.50 0.30 0.12 1.20 0.45 1.03 0.08 11.86 3.46

Food 2006 17.02 12.18 0.87 2.12 2.16 2.80 0.23 0.10 0.71 0.38 0.57 0.06 5.54 2.40 2007 19.05 14.45 1.28 2.31 2.41 3.21 0.29 0.10 1.05 0.40 0.88 0.07 6.93 2.74

Fish 2006 2.24 0.67 0.04 0.14 0.51 0.08 0.07 0.03 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.75 0.79 2007 2.27 0.71 0.05 0.17 0.57 0.09 0.09 0.04 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.67 0.89

Other food products 2006 14.78 11.50 0.83 1.98 1.65 2.72 0.16 0.07 0.70 0.37 0.57 0.06 4.79 1.62 2007 16.77 13.74 1.23 2.14 1.84 3.12 0.20 0.06 1.04 0.39 0.87 0.07 6.26 1.86

Raw materials 2006 10.85 2.66 0.11 0.25 1.47 0.27 0.01 0.03 0.13 0.05 0.10 0.00 4.44 0.66 2007 9.93 2.72 0.09 0.28 1.55 0.29 0.01 0.02 0.15 0.05 0.15 0.01 4.93 0.71 Fuels and mining products 2006 92.32 16.04 0.63 3.88 5.88 11.85 0.01 0.76 0.17 6.21 0.10 3.23 7.16 1.32

2007 103.64 18.31 0.77 4.26 10.53 12.31 0.02 1.19 0.17 6.99 0.14 3.24 8.21 1.35 Ores and other minerals 2006 3.14 3.19 0.11 1.60 3.43 0.21 0.01 0.00 0.10 0.17 0.05 0.00 3.24 0.52

2007 3.07 3.81 0.14 1.65 6.71 0.39 0.01 0.00 0.10 0.35 0.05 0.00 3.29 0.49 Fuels 2006 74.23 9.20 0.38 1.38 1.23 11.23 0.01 0.63 0.05 5.98 0.02 3.19 1.62 0.30

2007 84.01 10.75 0.49 1.86 1.13 11.46 0.01 1.10 0.01 6.56 0.04 3.23 1.86 0.27 Non-ferrous metals 2006 14.94 3.65 0.14 0.90 1.22 0.42 0.00 0.13 0.02 0.06 0.03 0.03 2.30 0.51

2007 16.56 3.75 0.14 0.75 2.70 0.46 0.00 0.10 0.06 0.08 0.05 0.01 3.07 0.60 Manufactures 2006 182.91 172.63 3.25 3.09 15.63 35.03 0.79 0.59 1.17 0.61 1.46 0.82 10.19 60.70 2007 186.04 183.19 3.91 3.08 19.13 37.19 1.12 0.36 1.70 0.89 1.73 0.93 10.85 68.14

Iron and steel 2006 5.89 6.11 0.07 0.76 0.10 1.61 0.01 0.33 0.02 0.10 0.02 0.01 0.12 2.01 2007 6.46 6.59 0.10 0.29 0.26 1.46 0.01 0.09 0.03 0.09 0.05 0.01 0.21 2.02

Chemicals 2006 23.31 23.37 0.55 0.35 2.60 9.60 0.04 0.08 0.08 0.22 0.11 0.26 2.75 2.03 2007 25.48 24.36 0.60 0.54 4.90 10.31 0.05 0.14 0.10 0.29 0.16 0.30 3.40 3.03

Pharmaceuticals 2006 3.57 3.42 0.07 0.05 0.76 5.40 0.02 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.04 0.12 0.18 0.37 2007 4.82 3.56 0.08 0.07 0.95 5.99 0.02 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.06 0.22 0.22 0.44

Other chemicals 2006 19.74 19.95 0.48 0.30 1.84 4.20 0.02 0.08 0.05 0.21 0.07 0.14 2.57 1.66 2007 20.67 20.80 0.51 0.47 3.95 4.32 0.04 0.14 0.07 0.29 0.10 0.09 3.18 2.60

Other semi-manufactures 2006 27.97 16.80 0.73 0.30 2.35 3.05 0.04 0.06 0.15 0.04 0.18 0.13 0.76 4.81 2007 25.85 17.49 0.78 0.32 3.10 3.14 0.07 0.05 0.18 0.03 0.23 0.16 0.77 5.60

Machinery and transport equipment 2006 105.34 104.49 1.61 1.25 8.50 15.93 0.58 0.08 0.83 0.13 0.95 0.25 5.42 34.68 2007 108.15 111.69 2.09 1.47 8.86 16.88 0.84 0.05 1.27 0.33 1.12 0.28 5.32 37.42

Office and telecom equipment 2006 10.07 11.69 0.35 0.12 2.33 1.19 0.02 0.00 0.09 0.01 0.12 0.11 1.76 16.57 2007 10.66 12.29 0.35 0.09 2.20 1.20 0.07 0.00 0.10 0.01 0.14 0.14 1.67 17.60

EDP and office equipment 2006 2.75 4.79 0.11 0.03 0.63 0.52 0.01 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.04 0.02 0.34 7.43 2007 3.00 4.62 0.13 0.02 0.71 0.53 0.04 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.05 0.03 0.34 7.97

Telecommunications equipment 2006 5.82 5.26 0.23 0.02 1.47 0.45 0.02 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.07 0.08 1.00 6.93 2007 6.00 6.12 0.21 0.01 1.26 0.49 0.02 0.00 0.07 0.00 0.08 0.10 0.94 7.51

Integrated circuits 2006 1.50 1.63 0.01 0.08 0.22 0.21 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.42 2.21 2007 1.66 1.55 0.01 0.06 0.24 0.18 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.40 2.11

Transport equipment 2006 73.03 60.58 0.56 0.80 3.10 5.42 0.14 0.07 0.38 0.01 0.23 0.01 1.63 9.62 2007 73.59 65.50 0.71 1.06 3.09 5.72 0.21 0.04 0.71 0.02 0.33 0.01 1.21 10.24

Automotive products 2006 64.66 50.76 0.36 0.28 0.51 3.74 0.07 0.00 0.14 0.01 0.07 0.00 0.52 8.11 2007 63.90 53.78 0.40 0.33 0.57 3.98 0.10 0.00 0.30 0.01 0.09 0.00 0.47 8.67

Other transport equipment 2006 8.36 9.81 0.20 0.52 2.59 1.68 0.07 0.07 0.23 0.01 0.16 0.01 1.11 1.51 2007 9.69 11.71 0.30 0.73 2.53 1.74 0.10 0.03 0.41 0.01 0.24 0.01 0.73 1.57

Other machinery 2006 22.24 32.22 0.70 0.32 3.06 9.32 0.41 0.01 0.37 0.10 0.60 0.12 2.03 8.48 2007 23.90 33.90 1.03 0.32 3.57 9.97 0.56 0.01 0.46 0.30 0.64 0.13 2.44 9.58

Power generating machinery 2006 3.19 3.85 0.08 0.05 1.00 1.67 0.01 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.13 0.03 0.25 0.44 2007 3.88 4.00 0.16 0.05 1.28 1.92 0.03 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.13 0.04 0.34 0.49

Non-electrical machinery 2006 13.75 19.33 0.49 0.18 1.56 6.31 0.37 0.01 0.29 0.07 0.40 0.06 1.26 4.76 2007 14.70 20.28 0.71 0.17 1.74 6.50 0.50 0.01 0.35 0.28 0.42 0.04 1.54 5.27

Electrical machinery 2006 5.30 9.04 0.13 0.09 0.50 1.34 0.02 0.00 0.05 0.03 0.07 0.04 0.52 3.28 2007 5.32 9.61 0.16 0.10 0.54 1.54 0.04 0.00 0.05 0.02 0.09 0.05 0.56 3.82

Textiles 2006 2.11 2.56 0.04 0.04 0.09 0.46 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.04 0.10 1.26 2007 2.03 2.47 0.06 0.05 0.10 0.49 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.04 0.10 1.39

Clothing 2006 1.60 0.76 0.01 0.20 0.12 0.50 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.07 0.02 0.02 0.05 5.25 2007 1.39 0.75 0.01 0.19 0.13 0.58 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.07 0.01 0.02 0.04 5.97

Other manufactures 2006 16.69 18.54 0.24 0.20 1.87 3.88 0.11 0.02 0.08 0.05 0.18 0.10 1.00 10.67 2007 16.68 19.83 0.27 0.22 1.80 4.33 0.13 0.02 0.12 0.05 0.15 0.12 1.02 12.70

Personal and household goods 2006 5.79 2.95 0.03 0.11 0.11 0.82 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.03 0.03 0.01 0.05 3.59 2007 5.42 3.17 0.03 0.11 0.12 0.90 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.03 0.02 0.01 0.05 4.23

Scientific and controlling 2006 2.40 5.18 0.11 0.03 0.74 1.25 0.05 0.01 0.05 0.00 0.11 0.03 0.58 1.00 instruments 2007 2.69 5.44 0.12 0.05 0.74 1.36 0.05 0.01 0.07 0.01 0.09 0.03 0.56 1.04 Miscellaneous manufactures 2006 8.50 10.41 0.10 0.06 1.02 1.80 0.05 0.01 0.03 0.01 0.04 0.06 0.37 6.07

2007 8.57 11.22 0.13 0.07 0.94 2.07 0.07 0.01 0.04 0.02 0.04 0.08 0.41 7.44 Total merchandise a 2006 320.60 209.09 5.01 11.53 29.11 50.83 1.05 1.53 2.25 7.43 2.38 4.11 27.68 65.38

2007 336.63 225.51 6.18 12.75 38.10 54.02 1.44 1.75 3.14 8.46 3.12 4.25 31.26 73.27

North AmericaSouth & Central

America

Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2006-2007 - Canada

AsiaEurope CIS Africa Middle East

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Table A18 (continued)

(Billion dollars)

exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp

Agricultural products 2006 25.27 13.99 3.42 2.85 1.99 0.85 3.95 0.07 1.04 0.79 0.04 0.04 44.21 23.96 2007 27.67 15.98 3.70 3.22 2.80 0.99 4.13 0.08 1.29 1.12 0.06 0.05 48.68 27.36

Food 2006 16.07 11.37 2.02 2.58 0.70 0.64 2.38 0.05 0.94 0.77 0.03 0.04 27.11 20.03 2007 17.84 13.30 2.23 2.94 1.06 0.74 2.80 0.06 1.20 1.10 0.05 0.05 31.87 23.27

Fish 2006 2.24 0.66 0.49 0.05 0.24 0.30 0.30 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.02 3.63 1.72 2007 2.27 0.70 0.53 0.04 0.22 0.31 0.28 0.02 0.00 0.01 0.02 0.03 3.66 1.90

Other food products 2006 13.84 10.71 1.53 2.54 0.46 0.33 2.08 0.03 0.94 0.77 0.02 0.02 23.48 18.31 2007 15.56 12.61 1.71 2.89 0.84 0.43 2.52 0.04 1.20 1.10 0.03 0.02 28.22 21.37

Raw materials 2006 10.75 2.62 1.40 0.26 1.29 0.21 1.57 0.02 0.10 0.02 0.01 0.00 17.10 3.92 2007 9.84 2.68 1.46 0.29 1.75 0.26 1.33 0.03 0.09 0.02 0.01 0.00 16.81 4.09

Fuels and mining products 2006 92.12 14.95 4.10 7.21 1.82 0.43 2.75 0.11 0.19 0.99 1.45 4.52 106.27 43.29 2007 103.43 17.46 7.07 7.49 2.36 0.53 2.93 0.18 0.20 0.75 3.18 4.66 123.48 47.66

Ores and other minerals 2006 3.09 3.10 2.00 0.20 1.17 0.05 1.09 0.01 0.05 0.07 1.38 0.00 10.08 5.69 2007 3.00 3.79 3.57 0.33 1.28 0.06 1.03 0.01 0.06 0.02 3.01 0.02 13.36 6.70

Fuels 2006 74.18 8.28 1.07 6.65 0.04 0.06 0.90 0.07 0.06 0.88 0.00 4.50 77.53 31.90 2007 83.98 9.98 0.98 6.75 0.17 0.06 0.93 0.15 0.03 0.71 0.01 4.62 87.54 35.22

Non-ferrous metals 2006 14.85 3.57 1.03 0.36 0.61 0.32 0.76 0.03 0.09 0.03 0.07 0.02 18.66 5.70 2007 16.45 3.69 2.51 0.41 0.91 0.41 0.98 0.02 0.11 0.02 0.16 0.02 22.58 5.74

Manufactures 2006 180.30 157.79 14.46 32.60 2.92 29.11 1.53 13.32 2.54 12.26 0.16 0.22 215.40 273.49 2007 182.94 166.30 17.80 34.50 3.48 34.23 1.42 14.17 3.04 13.99 0.19 0.26 224.49 293.79

Iron and steel 2006 5.62 5.93 0.10 1.44 0.03 0.83 0.01 0.36 0.27 0.11 0.00 0.04 6.22 10.93 2007 6.20 6.43 0.25 1.35 0.04 0.95 0.01 0.42 0.25 0.12 0.00 0.04 7.11 10.54

Chemicals 2006 23.03 22.98 2.26 8.60 1.35 0.60 0.31 0.41 0.27 0.27 0.02 0.03 29.44 35.91 2007 25.13 23.88 4.49 9.16 1.78 0.79 0.27 0.42 0.35 0.29 0.01 0.03 34.69 38.97

Pharmaceuticals 2006 3.56 3.34 0.49 4.93 0.01 0.09 0.04 0.13 0.01 0.03 0.00 0.01 4.67 9.37 2007 4.80 3.43 0.63 5.41 0.01 0.10 0.04 0.13 0.02 0.04 0.00 0.01 6.18 10.28

Other chemicals 2006 19.47 19.64 1.77 3.67 1.34 0.51 0.27 0.27 0.26 0.24 0.02 0.02 24.77 26.54 2007 20.33 20.45 3.86 3.74 1.78 0.68 0.22 0.28 0.33 0.25 0.01 0.03 28.51 28.70

Other semi-manufactures 2006 27.74 16.07 2.23 2.87 0.08 2.70 0.12 0.66 0.21 0.46 0.01 0.03 32.19 25.20 2007 25.58 16.78 2.94 2.94 0.10 3.31 0.14 0.67 0.25 0.45 0.02 0.03 30.97 26.81

Machinery and transport equipment 2006 103.69 93.04 8.02 15.42 1.27 13.04 0.80 10.91 1.63 9.52 0.09 0.09 123.22 156.80 2007 106.17 98.44 8.34 16.36 1.32 14.71 0.77 11.69 1.97 11.06 0.11 0.11 127.65 168.13

Office and telecom equipment 2006 9.70 7.57 2.23 1.12 0.29 8.42 0.25 1.76 0.37 3.32 0.02 0.03 14.75 29.70 2007 10.20 7.56 2.12 1.11 0.27 9.27 0.32 1.76 0.46 3.91 0.02 0.03 15.19 31.33

EDP and office equipment 2006 2.67 3.83 0.62 0.51 0.06 4.42 0.06 0.82 0.08 0.83 0.00 0.00 3.91 12.81 2007 2.97 3.66 0.69 0.50 0.07 5.00 0.07 0.87 0.03 0.74 0.01 0.00 4.31 13.19

Telecommunications equipment 2006 5.63 2.47 1.40 0.41 0.19 3.77 0.13 0.76 0.19 2.45 0.02 0.03 8.67 12.75 2007 5.77 2.65 1.20 0.44 0.14 4.07 0.17 0.72 0.23 3.14 0.01 0.03 8.58 14.24

Integrated circuits 2006 1.40 1.27 0.21 0.20 0.04 0.23 0.07 0.18 0.10 0.04 0.00 0.00 2.16 4.14 2007 1.46 1.25 0.23 0.17 0.06 0.20 0.08 0.17 0.19 0.03 0.00 0.00 2.31 3.90

Transport equipment 2006 72.04 55.97 3.00 5.38 0.42 1.04 0.30 6.61 0.98 3.87 0.02 0.00 79.06 76.52 2007 72.42 60.04 2.94 5.67 0.39 1.15 0.22 6.94 1.17 4.47 0.02 0.01 79.85 82.58

Automotive products 2006 63.81 46.93 0.49 3.72 0.36 0.73 0.04 5.67 0.85 3.52 0.01 0.00 66.34 62.91 2007 63.04 49.48 0.54 3.96 0.30 0.78 0.04 6.05 0.85 3.96 0.00 0.00 65.83 66.77

Other transport equipment 2006 8.23 9.03 2.51 1.66 0.06 0.31 0.27 0.94 0.13 0.35 0.01 0.00 12.72 13.61 2007 9.38 10.56 2.40 1.71 0.09 0.37 0.18 0.89 0.32 0.51 0.02 0.01 14.02 15.82

Other machinery 2006 21.95 29.51 2.79 8.92 0.55 3.58 0.24 2.54 0.28 2.33 0.05 0.05 29.41 50.58 2007 23.55 30.84 3.27 9.57 0.66 4.29 0.23 2.99 0.34 2.68 0.07 0.07 32.61 54.22

Power generating machinery 2006 3.17 3.56 0.92 1.64 0.08 0.19 0.02 0.16 0.02 0.20 0.01 0.00 4.70 6.04 2007 3.85 3.66 1.19 1.90 0.09 0.22 0.03 0.14 0.03 0.23 0.01 0.00 5.88 6.51

Non-electrical machinery 2006 13.55 18.61 1.40 6.03 0.35 1.44 0.16 1.81 0.19 0.49 0.04 0.04 18.12 30.71 2007 14.46 19.45 1.59 6.23 0.43 1.74 0.14 2.20 0.23 0.64 0.05 0.05 19.96 32.56

Electrical machinery 2006 5.23 7.34 0.47 1.25 0.12 1.95 0.06 0.57 0.07 1.64 0.00 0.01 6.59 13.83 2007 5.24 7.72 0.49 1.44 0.14 2.33 0.06 0.64 0.08 1.81 0.02 0.02 6.76 15.15

Textiles 2006 2.09 2.40 0.09 0.40 0.02 0.67 0.00 0.04 0.02 0.14 0.00 0.00 2.37 4.38 2007 2.01 2.32 0.09 0.42 0.03 0.77 0.00 0.04 0.02 0.14 0.00 0.00 2.32 4.46

Clothing 2006 1.59 0.45 0.12 0.38 0.00 3.43 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.30 0.00 0.00 1.80 6.82 2007 1.38 0.46 0.12 0.44 0.00 4.06 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.29 0.00 0.00 1.59 7.60

Other manufactures 2006 16.54 16.91 1.66 3.49 0.16 7.84 0.27 0.93 0.13 1.46 0.04 0.03 20.16 33.46 2007 16.47 18.00 1.57 3.85 0.20 9.64 0.21 0.93 0.19 1.65 0.04 0.03 20.17 37.28

Personal and household goods 2006 5.73 2.35 0.11 0.79 0.00 2.94 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.59 0.00 0.01 6.01 7.52 2007 5.34 2.53 0.11 0.87 0.01 3.51 0.02 0.03 0.07 0.64 0.00 0.01 5.65 8.46

Scientific and controlling 2006 2.35 4.70 0.66 1.16 0.11 0.37 0.13 0.35 0.04 0.43 0.03 0.01 4.03 7.51 instruments 2007 2.64 4.87 0.68 1.25 0.13 0.40 0.08 0.33 0.05 0.51 0.03 0.01 4.31 7.93 Miscellaneous manufactures 2006 8.45 9.85 0.89 1.53 0.04 4.53 0.13 0.55 0.05 0.44 0.01 0.01 10.12 18.43

2007 8.49 10.60 0.79 1.73 0.06 5.73 0.11 0.57 0.07 0.50 0.01 0.01 10.20 20.89 Total merchandise a 2006 316.66 192.00 25.74 43.48 6.75 30.43 8.30 13.52 3.86 14.12 1.67 4.80 388.09 349.91

2007 331.93 206.00 32.48 46.16 8.67 35.79 8.57 14.44 4.62 16.04 3.44 4.98 419.89 380.01

Note: Imports are valued f.o.b. For sources and methods, see the Metadata

Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2006-2007 - Canada

a Includes unspecified products.b Includes unspecified destinations and origins.

United States Norway World bEU (27) China Japan Mexico

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Table A19

(Billion dollars)

exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp

Agricultural products 2006 29.02 37.71 7.47 18.80 13.44 20.29 1.18 0.67 3.30 1.85 2.75 0.34 35.39 23.99 2007 33.32 39.43 9.73 19.76 15.94 21.63 1.82 0.71 5.50 1.76 3.98 0.40 42.89 25.88

Food 2006 23.50 26.51 5.89 15.04 8.83 17.56 1.10 0.55 3.05 1.46 2.48 0.28 24.22 18.89 2007 27.62 29.17 7.90 16.29 10.52 19.26 1.73 0.63 5.17 1.38 3.60 0.32 30.72 20.62

Fish 2006 0.92 2.67 0.07 2.86 1.10 0.56 0.10 0.39 0.03 0.13 0.01 0.04 2.04 7.32 2007 0.97 2.74 0.09 2.93 1.13 0.62 0.12 0.43 0.02 0.13 0.01 0.03 1.95 7.46

Other food products 2006 22.58 23.84 5.82 12.18 7.73 17.00 1.00 0.16 3.02 1.33 2.47 0.24 22.18 11.57 2007 26.65 26.43 7.82 13.37 9.39 18.64 1.61 0.19 5.14 1.26 3.59 0.29 28.77 13.16

Raw materials 2006 5.51 11.20 1.58 3.76 4.61 2.74 0.08 0.12 0.24 0.39 0.26 0.06 11.17 5.10 2007 5.70 10.26 1.82 3.47 5.42 2.37 0.09 0.09 0.33 0.38 0.38 0.08 12.17 5.26 Fuels and mining products 2006 25.99 129.56 9.59 73.40 15.61 38.18 0.08 16.98 0.96 74.05 1.20 50.91 17.25 15.10

2007 29.53 137.81 12.31 76.36 17.72 38.85 0.19 19.11 1.51 85.07 1.12 54.47 21.81 17.48 Ores and other minerals 2006 4.30 3.91 0.25 1.74 4.59 1.19 0.02 0.02 0.19 0.73 0.09 0.06 9.47 1.49

2007 4.72 3.86 0.37 2.52 6.91 1.09 0.03 0.02 0.22 0.94 0.10 0.12 13.04 1.77 Fuels 2006 14.28 108.44 8.99 64.22 6.19 30.32 0.03 12.17 0.73 70.07 0.77 50.23 3.89 9.61

2007 17.18 114.56 11.50 67.50 7.10 30.41 0.12 15.04 1.20 79.78 0.64 53.76 4.21 11.20 Non-ferrous metals 2006 7.41 17.22 0.35 7.44 4.83 6.68 0.03 4.79 0.04 3.24 0.35 0.61 3.90 4.00

2007 7.62 19.40 0.44 6.34 3.70 7.35 0.04 4.05 0.09 4.34 0.38 0.59 4.56 4.51 Manufactures 2006 297.41 315.56 66.24 42.62 194.41 293.92 5.61 7.43 13.50 7.62 33.22 21.73 218.22 661.33 2007 307.30 327.00 78.39 41.15 222.28 312.45 8.38 6.49 15.44 8.05 38.71 23.16 238.74 691.14

Iron and steel 2006 8.94 7.85 0.68 4.42 1.25 9.07 0.05 3.69 0.33 1.23 0.27 0.08 1.24 13.27 2007 9.71 8.47 0.97 4.63 1.91 8.84 0.04 2.32 0.36 0.85 0.40 0.05 1.75 13.09

Chemicals 2006 40.17 26.46 12.89 7.09 45.44 78.79 0.54 2.37 1.46 0.79 1.82 4.15 33.09 26.93 2007 41.71 28.53 15.92 7.13 52.56 84.74 0.75 2.78 1.87 1.24 2.53 4.49 38.92 30.26

Pharmaceuticals 2006 4.22 3.85 1.27 0.11 19.25 33.85 0.11 0.00 0.25 0.01 0.34 2.55 3.66 5.85 2007 4.05 4.99 1.55 0.13 23.09 38.84 0.13 0.00 0.19 0.01 0.39 2.66 3.98 7.32

Other chemicals 2006 35.95 22.61 11.62 6.98 26.19 44.94 0.43 2.37 1.21 0.78 1.48 1.60 29.42 21.08 2007 37.66 23.54 14.37 6.99 29.47 45.90 0.62 2.78 1.68 1.23 2.14 1.83 34.95 22.93

Other semi-manufactures 2006 29.55 35.46 4.08 5.42 10.70 24.35 0.20 0.57 0.79 1.60 5.16 9.30 10.67 50.91 2007 30.53 33.58 4.81 4.94 12.91 24.43 0.24 0.62 0.78 1.77 6.26 10.19 12.65 53.85

Machinery and transport equipment 2006 176.62 203.64 37.42 9.68 101.42 133.00 4.19 0.34 9.85 1.16 23.23 3.98 141.70 372.44 2007 181.03 215.04 44.38 9.40 115.83 142.00 6.43 0.37 11.15 1.30 26.28 4.46 151.70 381.40

Office and telecom equipment 2006 37.93 39.76 12.55 1.42 25.18 12.86 0.47 0.02 1.39 0.14 2.02 1.57 57.22 197.95 2007 35.62 45.68 14.03 1.20 25.62 12.60 0.51 0.02 1.08 0.13 2.12 1.53 56.38 201.43

EDP and office equipment 2006 16.41 8.80 6.37 0.46 11.95 5.68 0.27 0.00 0.39 0.01 0.77 0.38 12.99 93.18 2007 15.27 9.08 7.36 0.54 10.85 4.81 0.32 0.00 0.34 0.01 0.85 0.56 12.23 95.62

Telecommunications equipment 2006 12.46 28.81 4.08 0.69 7.49 4.25 0.15 0.00 0.91 0.02 0.87 0.80 8.60 82.47 2007 13.13 34.76 4.62 0.43 8.80 4.51 0.15 0.01 0.67 0.03 0.96 0.82 9.23 84.18

Integrated circuits 2006 9.06 2.14 2.10 0.27 5.73 2.92 0.04 0.01 0.10 0.10 0.38 0.39 35.63 22.29 2007 7.23 1.84 2.05 0.22 5.97 3.28 0.04 0.01 0.07 0.10 0.31 0.14 34.92 21.62

Transport equipment 2006 76.82 110.95 9.37 4.20 35.36 55.56 1.75 0.21 4.05 0.62 14.45 0.79 37.46 89.65 2007 82.91 112.49 11.19 3.90 44.56 58.38 2.73 0.21 4.60 0.64 13.63 0.98 44.08 89.91

Automotive products 2006 63.55 99.45 4.03 1.99 13.20 43.14 0.93 0.00 1.42 0.52 5.79 0.06 6.42 75.06 2007 68.59 99.82 4.88 1.33 17.24 43.75 1.56 0.01 2.28 0.56 6.18 0.06 8.08 75.23

Other transport equipment 2006 13.27 11.51 5.33 2.21 22.16 12.42 0.82 0.21 2.63 0.10 8.67 0.72 31.04 14.59 2007 14.32 12.67 6.31 2.56 27.32 14.63 1.18 0.21 2.31 0.08 7.46 0.92 36.01 14.68

Other machinery 2006 61.87 52.93 15.51 4.06 40.89 64.59 1.97 0.11 4.41 0.40 6.76 1.62 47.03 84.84 2007 62.50 56.87 19.15 4.30 45.65 71.03 3.19 0.13 5.47 0.52 10.52 1.94 51.25 90.06

Power generating machinery 2006 6.33 5.73 2.45 0.44 13.05 12.55 0.05 0.03 0.54 0.02 1.13 0.30 7.44 5.82 2007 5.98 6.91 3.29 0.65 14.57 15.15 0.32 0.04 0.61 0.02 3.00 0.47 8.53 6.79

Non-electrical machinery 2006 32.90 21.67 9.64 2.08 17.56 38.37 1.76 0.05 3.51 0.32 4.34 0.54 26.32 41.61 2007 33.74 23.51 11.67 1.93 20.44 41.18 2.65 0.06 4.40 0.43 5.91 0.59 30.45 43.24

Electrical machinery 2006 22.65 25.53 3.43 1.54 10.29 13.67 0.16 0.02 0.37 0.06 1.30 0.79 13.27 37.41 2007 22.78 26.46 4.19 1.72 10.64 14.69 0.22 0.03 0.46 0.07 1.61 0.89 12.26 40.03

Textiles 2006 6.39 3.71 3.07 0.64 1.28 3.89 0.05 0.04 0.07 0.25 0.13 0.56 1.68 14.42 2007 5.96 3.60 3.17 0.67 1.33 4.01 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.23 0.14 0.58 1.68 14.95

Clothing 2006 2.20 6.92 1.37 10.89 0.55 3.70 0.01 0.20 0.02 2.19 0.15 1.90 0.57 57.17 2007 1.98 5.86 0.97 10.12 0.62 3.70 0.01 0.08 0.03 2.26 0.13 1.62 0.57 61.22

Other manufactures 2006 33.52 31.52 6.73 4.49 33.77 41.12 0.57 0.23 0.98 0.41 2.45 1.76 29.27 126.19 2007 36.37 31.92 8.19 4.26 37.12 44.74 0.85 0.27 1.19 0.41 2.99 1.79 31.46 136.38

Personal and household goods 2006 4.51 10.15 0.44 1.85 0.75 5.80 0.02 0.02 0.06 0.07 0.19 0.10 1.22 45.95 2007 4.90 9.80 0.50 1.61 0.83 6.28 0.03 0.02 0.08 0.08 0.23 0.11 1.17 47.97

Scientific and controlling 2006 8.92 7.71 2.24 1.11 15.32 12.88 0.27 0.05 0.49 0.03 1.38 0.74 15.18 10.44 instruments 2007 9.41 8.75 3.02 1.14 16.40 13.43 0.34 0.05 0.64 0.04 1.48 0.76 16.32 12.09 Miscellaneous manufactures 2006 20.10 13.66 4.05 1.53 17.70 22.43 0.27 0.16 0.43 0.30 0.87 0.93 12.87 69.81

2007 22.06 13.38 4.66 1.51 19.89 25.02 0.48 0.20 0.47 0.29 1.28 0.92 13.97 76.33 Total merchandise a 2006 365.00 508.24 88.20 140.52 238.57 370.12 7.08 25.33 19.00 83.83 39.15 74.70 279.88 716.26

2007 385.59 530.39 106.45 141.60 276.11 392.52 10.64 26.53 23.66 95.22 46.33 80.21 313.26 750.64

Middle East

Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2006-2007 - United States

North AmericaSouth & Central

America AsiaEurope CIS Africa

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Table A19 (continued)

(Billion dollars)

exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp

Agricultural products 2006 11.85 18.96 16.59 26.53 9.69 5.22 12.34 11.18 11.65 0.86 3.76 0.64 92.66 103.65 2007 13.78 20.01 18.96 27.32 12.09 5.91 14.25 12.10 12.92 0.94 4.47 0.67 113.63 109.57

Food 2006 7.99 16.34 13.60 15.80 4.13 3.99 9.82 10.71 10.08 0.56 2.75 0.33 69.21 80.28 2007 9.41 17.78 15.90 17.58 6.34 4.71 11.61 11.59 11.42 0.61 3.36 0.35 87.71 87.67

Fish 2006 1.05 0.25 0.83 2.20 0.45 2.04 0.08 0.47 0.95 0.20 0.41 0.07 4.27 13.96 2007 1.08 0.30 0.89 2.22 0.54 2.13 0.07 0.52 0.79 0.23 0.35 0.08 4.30 14.34

Other food products 2006 6.94 16.09 12.76 13.60 3.68 1.96 9.74 10.24 9.13 0.36 2.34 0.26 64.94 66.33 2007 8.33 17.48 15.02 15.36 5.79 2.59 11.54 11.07 10.63 0.38 3.00 0.27 83.41 73.34

Raw materials 2006 3.86 2.62 2.99 10.73 5.56 1.23 2.51 0.47 1.57 0.29 1.01 0.31 23.46 23.36 2007 4.37 2.23 3.06 9.75 5.75 1.19 2.64 0.51 1.50 0.33 1.11 0.31 25.92 21.90 Fuels and mining products 2006 13.10 32.43 15.82 92.25 7.13 3.47 10.10 37.31 2.90 1.96 2.35 3.09 70.68 398.18

2007 15.03 33.61 18.39 99.39 8.02 3.14 11.11 38.42 3.83 2.40 3.03 4.38 84.19 429.16 Ores and other minerals 2006 3.76 1.14 3.28 3.11 5.64 0.52 1.02 0.80 1.13 0.17 0.94 0.04 18.90 9.14

2007 5.32 1.02 3.90 3.03 6.68 0.56 0.82 0.83 1.62 0.29 1.72 0.02 25.40 10.32 Fuels 2006 5.66 25.43 8.51 74.39 0.21 1.26 5.71 34.04 0.60 1.11 0.87 2.85 34.88 345.06

2007 6.16 26.15 10.37 80.04 0.30 0.72 6.77 34.52 0.53 1.42 0.78 4.11 41.96 372.25 Non-ferrous metals 2006 3.68 5.86 4.03 14.74 1.28 1.69 3.37 2.47 1.17 0.67 0.53 0.20 16.89 43.98

2007 3.55 6.43 4.11 16.32 1.05 1.85 3.51 3.07 1.68 0.69 0.54 0.24 16.83 46.59 Manufactures 2006 179.52 274.00 190.31 171.73 37.69 293.47 106.68 143.83 42.90 144.80 25.49 43.00 828.62 1350.22 2007 205.81 292.46 200.99 173.12 44.47 326.97 105.86 153.88 43.95 141.74 26.19 43.31 909.28 1409.46

Iron and steel 2006 1.13 7.71 6.69 5.22 0.38 4.67 2.26 2.63 0.13 2.13 0.14 2.10 12.77 39.61 2007 1.77 8.27 7.24 5.84 0.63 5.27 2.46 2.63 0.13 1.98 0.16 1.80 15.14 38.25

Chemicals 2006 41.96 73.97 24.24 22.62 6.01 6.76 15.91 3.84 8.46 8.31 4.30 2.07 135.40 146.58 2007 48.23 79.82 25.01 24.75 8.31 7.85 16.67 3.78 9.16 8.90 5.25 2.08 154.27 159.16

Pharmaceuticals 2006 17.28 31.10 3.41 3.49 0.26 0.74 0.81 0.36 1.67 1.55 0.28 0.05 29.10 46.22 2007 20.73 35.97 3.36 4.78 0.38 0.95 0.69 0.20 1.58 1.64 0.33 0.09 33.38 53.95

Other chemicals 2006 24.68 42.87 20.83 19.14 5.75 6.02 15.10 3.48 6.79 6.76 4.02 2.01 106.30 100.35 2007 27.50 43.84 21.65 19.97 7.93 6.90 15.98 3.57 7.57 7.26 4.92 1.98 120.89 105.21

Other semi-manufactures 2006 9.73 22.36 18.91 27.00 1.63 26.73 10.60 8.46 2.23 6.06 0.81 2.96 61.15 127.62 2007 11.59 22.44 19.77 24.77 2.00 29.42 10.71 8.81 2.40 5.80 0.88 3.04 68.19 129.38

Machinery and transport equipment 2006 95.38 128.22 114.17 98.61 25.40 136.01 62.21 105.03 22.98 115.98 16.96 32.06 494.45 724.23 2007 109.85 136.88 120.54 100.35 29.00 151.07 60.21 114.69 23.18 112.81 15.83 32.89 536.84 753.96

Office and telecom equipment 2006 24.29 12.37 18.46 7.11 9.66 94.86 19.42 32.65 6.49 21.04 6.68 13.76 136.75 253.70 2007 24.70 12.04 18.30 7.01 10.21 103.76 17.26 38.66 5.91 20.05 5.45 14.29 135.36 262.58

EDP and office equipment 2006 11.52 5.54 8.80 1.86 2.28 49.63 7.58 6.95 2.37 8.93 0.80 3.38 49.14 108.52 2007 10.51 4.66 8.74 2.13 2.19 54.60 6.50 6.95 2.15 8.55 0.74 3.34 47.23 110.63

Telecommunications equipment 2006 7.16 4.02 6.48 4.20 1.49 42.98 5.95 24.61 2.01 8.53 0.87 7.35 34.56 117.05 2007 8.40 4.21 7.09 3.95 1.51 46.77 6.00 30.81 1.98 7.82 0.95 8.43 37.55 124.75

Integrated circuits 2006 5.61 2.81 3.17 1.05 5.89 2.25 5.89 1.09 2.11 3.59 5.01 3.03 53.04 28.13 2007 5.79 3.17 2.47 0.93 6.51 2.39 4.76 0.91 1.79 3.68 3.77 2.53 50.59 27.20

Transport equipment 2006 32.51 54.91 58.88 71.54 7.95 6.81 17.78 39.42 8.01 65.90 4.30 11.81 179.26 261.98 2007 42.19 57.60 63.99 71.97 9.76 8.02 18.74 40.52 9.02 65.12 4.37 11.54 203.73 266.52

Automotive products 2006 12.87 42.87 49.14 63.35 1.36 3.55 14.41 36.10 1.61 57.19 0.66 11.28 95.34 220.22 2007 16.80 43.49 52.60 62.81 2.11 4.64 15.98 37.02 1.68 56.54 0.92 11.01 108.80 220.77

Other transport equipment 2006 19.64 12.04 9.75 8.19 6.59 3.26 3.38 3.32 6.40 8.71 3.64 0.53 83.92 41.76 2007 25.39 14.11 11.39 9.17 7.65 3.38 2.76 3.50 7.34 8.58 3.45 0.53 94.93 45.75

Other machinery 2006 38.58 60.94 36.83 19.97 7.79 34.35 25.00 32.96 8.47 29.03 5.97 6.49 178.44 208.55 2007 42.96 67.24 38.25 21.36 9.03 39.29 24.21 35.51 8.25 27.65 6.00 7.05 197.74 224.86

Power generating machinery 2006 12.51 12.12 4.05 2.90 0.82 1.76 2.28 2.83 1.67 2.51 0.75 0.47 30.98 24.89 2007 13.84 14.68 3.94 3.53 0.85 2.13 2.04 3.38 1.89 2.76 0.81 0.64 36.30 30.04

Non-electrical machinery 2006 16.35 36.05 22.61 12.25 4.79 12.43 10.26 9.41 4.14 19.68 3.85 3.27 96.01 104.64 2007 19.11 38.84 23.53 13.06 6.00 14.79 10.18 10.45 4.24 18.03 4.02 3.80 109.27 110.93

Electrical machinery 2006 9.72 12.77 10.17 4.81 2.18 20.16 12.47 20.72 2.66 6.84 1.38 2.75 51.46 79.02 2007 10.01 13.72 10.78 4.78 2.19 22.38 11.99 21.68 2.12 6.86 1.16 2.61 52.17 83.89

Textiles 2006 1.22 3.14 2.80 1.95 0.47 6.96 3.59 1.76 0.28 0.58 0.12 0.97 12.67 23.50 2007 1.27 3.26 2.70 1.84 0.50 7.66 3.25 1.75 0.25 0.59 0.15 0.90 12.39 24.09

Clothing 2006 0.52 2.76 1.20 1.34 0.03 24.40 1.00 5.57 0.31 0.11 0.07 1.05 4.88 82.97 2007 0.58 2.93 1.26 1.12 0.03 28.53 0.71 4.74 0.26 0.11 0.08 0.73 4.30 84.85

Other manufactures 2006 29.58 35.83 22.31 14.98 3.77 87.92 11.13 16.54 8.51 11.62 3.11 1.79 107.30 205.71 2007 32.51 38.86 24.46 14.45 4.00 97.16 11.83 17.47 8.58 11.54 3.83 1.88 118.16 219.77

Personal and household goods 2006 0.71 5.58 3.54 5.31 0.16 37.81 0.94 4.84 0.53 0.27 0.12 0.20 7.20 63.95 2007 0.78 6.07 4.01 4.85 0.18 39.50 0.87 4.95 0.40 0.28 0.12 0.20 7.74 65.86

Scientific and controlling 2006 14.44 11.77 5.87 2.05 2.15 3.07 3.04 5.66 4.30 3.96 1.63 0.30 43.81 32.96 instruments 2007 15.32 12.23 6.15 2.28 2.42 3.73 3.25 6.46 4.26 3.95 2.32 0.51 47.61 36.26 Miscellaneous manufactures 2006 14.43 18.48 12.90 7.61 1.45 47.05 7.15 6.04 3.67 7.39 1.36 1.29 56.30 108.81

2007 16.41 20.56 14.30 7.32 1.40 53.93 7.71 6.06 3.91 7.30 1.39 1.17 62.81 117.66 Total merchandise a 2006 214.98 341.41 230.24 307.72 55.22 305.78 134.13 200.50 59.65 152.24 32.46 47.64 1037.03 1919.00

2007 247.70 364.02 248.41 317.48 65.24 340.11 136.52 212.88 62.66 149.42 34.70 49.32 1162.54 2017.12

b Includes unspecified destinations and origins.Note: For sources and methods, see the Metadata.

EU (27)

a Includes unspecified products.

MexicoChinaCanada World bKorea, Rep. ofJapan

Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2006-2007 - United States

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Table A20

(Billion dollars)

exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp C exp imp exp imp

Agricultural products 2006 4.09 0.62 2.09 2.91 14.23 1.07 3.46 0.02 3.21 0.09 4.03 0.02 8.41 0.76 2007 4.42 0.90 2.99 3.85 18.84 1.28 3.77 0.05 3.48 0.14 4.56 0.02 10.18 1.04

Food 2006 2.72 0.18 1.72 2.70 12.32 0.87 3.45 0.00 3.18 0.07 4.02 0.01 6.93 0.26 2007 3.07 0.40 2.60 3.59 16.31 1.05 3.73 0.01 3.42 0.09 4.53 0.01 8.46 0.40

Fish 2006 0.13 0.00 0.02 0.22 0.19 0.19 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.01 2007 0.11 0.01 0.02 0.28 0.14 0.24 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.01

Other food products 2006 2.59 0.18 1.70 2.48 12.13 0.68 3.45 0.00 3.17 0.04 4.02 0.01 6.90 0.26 2007 2.96 0.39 2.58 3.31 16.17 0.82 3.73 0.00 3.42 0.08 4.52 0.01 8.43 0.39

Raw materials 2006 1.37 0.43 0.37 0.21 1.90 0.20 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.01 0.01 1.49 0.50 2007 1.34 0.50 0.39 0.25 2.54 0.23 0.04 0.04 0.06 0.05 0.03 0.01 1.72 0.64 Fuels and mining products 2006 4.25 1.77 5.72 6.74 6.84 0.99 0.03 0.19 1.36 7.42 0.43 2.62 7.82 2.00

2007 5.37 2.36 6.59 8.06 9.01 2.01 0.02 0.62 1.52 10.29 0.50 2.40 9.20 2.42 Ores and other minerals 2006 0.87 0.12 0.75 1.52 3.82 0.11 0.03 0.01 0.60 0.09 0.33 0.05 5.29 0.03

2007 1.05 0.18 0.87 1.68 4.78 0.13 0.01 0.04 0.46 0.14 0.38 0.08 6.74 0.03 Fuels 2006 2.39 1.46 4.39 3.44 1.36 0.46 0.00 0.13 0.70 7.22 0.01 2.56 1.74 1.87

2007 3.68 1.96 5.04 3.99 2.16 1.26 0.00 0.53 0.98 10.04 0.04 2.31 1.38 2.24 Non-ferrous metals 2006 0.98 0.18 0.58 1.79 1.65 0.42 0.00 0.05 0.06 0.11 0.09 0.00 0.79 0.10

2007 0.64 0.22 0.68 2.39 2.07 0.63 0.00 0.05 0.08 0.11 0.07 0.00 1.08 0.15 Manufactures 2006 22.47 15.04 24.12 5.90 12.17 19.99 0.36 1.22 2.87 0.58 1.27 0.50 5.15 20.89 2007 21.21 19.33 27.69 7.58 15.18 26.41 0.47 2.10 3.54 0.90 1.33 0.79 6.38 28.05

Iron and steel 2006 3.78 0.22 2.12 0.18 1.69 0.68 0.03 0.24 0.35 0.10 0.10 0.00 1.39 0.35 2007 3.19 0.30 2.20 0.22 2.22 0.89 0.03 0.12 0.34 0.11 0.14 0.00 1.98 0.77

Chemicals 2006 2.29 4.82 3.80 1.94 1.83 5.93 0.04 0.95 0.38 0.37 0.09 0.36 0.85 2.11 2007 2.05 6.79 4.59 2.19 2.47 7.65 0.03 1.93 0.46 0.63 0.13 0.59 0.93 3.15

Pharmaceuticals 2006 0.15 0.81 0.34 0.12 0.14 1.75 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.02 0.34 2007 0.22 0.99 0.45 0.17 0.12 2.40 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.02 0.02 0.43

Other chemicals 2006 2.13 4.01 3.46 1.82 1.69 4.18 0.04 0.95 0.37 0.36 0.09 0.35 0.84 1.77 2007 1.83 5.80 4.14 2.02 2.35 5.25 0.03 1.92 0.44 0.62 0.13 0.57 0.91 2.73

Other semi-manufactures 2006 3.47 0.98 2.64 0.63 2.14 1.72 0.04 0.02 0.35 0.03 0.13 0.02 1.24 1.03 2007 3.38 1.30 3.18 0.74 2.66 2.26 0.06 0.04 0.45 0.03 0.18 0.03 1.41 1.53

Machinery and transport equipment 2006 10.57 7.55 13.51 2.66 5.12 9.93 0.24 0.01 1.63 0.07 0.87 0.08 1.46 13.89 2007 10.39 9.15 15.41 3.87 6.26 13.31 0.32 0.01 2.03 0.11 0.81 0.12 1.82 17.44

Office and telecom equipment 2006 0.77 1.76 2.67 0.14 0.27 0.82 0.00 0.00 0.09 0.02 0.01 0.04 0.16 8.27 2007 0.48 1.74 2.23 0.16 0.17 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.02 0.01 0.05 0.09 9.48

EDP and office equipment 2006 0.11 0.66 0.28 0.01 0.07 0.21 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.02 1.82 2007 0.12 0.65 0.26 0.01 0.04 0.24 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.02 2.55

Telecommunications equipment 2006 0.62 0.64 2.33 0.02 0.16 0.32 0.00 0.00 0.08 0.00 0.01 0.02 0.11 3.42 2007 0.33 0.79 1.91 0.02 0.11 0.43 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.05 3.87

Integrated circuits 2006 0.04 0.46 0.05 0.10 0.04 0.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.03 3.03 2007 0.02 0.30 0.05 0.13 0.02 0.29 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.02 3.06

Transport equipment 2006 6.52 1.91 6.95 2.17 2.94 3.26 0.16 0.00 1.05 0.04 0.64 0.00 0.61 1.54 2007 6.45 2.45 8.62 3.31 4.03 4.36 0.22 0.00 1.33 0.06 0.49 0.01 0.69 2.43

Automotive products 2006 3.72 0.93 6.17 2.07 1.51 2.13 0.16 0.00 0.92 0.02 0.19 0.00 0.36 0.86 2007 2.74 1.09 7.52 3.19 1.61 2.81 0.22 0.00 0.98 0.03 0.21 0.00 0.25 1.49

Other transport equipment 2006 2.80 0.98 0.78 0.11 1.43 1.13 0.00 0.00 0.12 0.02 0.45 0.00 0.25 0.68 2007 3.71 1.36 1.10 0.12 2.42 1.55 0.00 0.00 0.35 0.03 0.29 0.01 0.44 0.94

Other machinery 2006 3.28 3.88 3.90 0.35 1.91 5.85 0.07 0.01 0.49 0.02 0.22 0.04 0.69 4.08 2007 3.47 4.96 4.56 0.40 2.06 7.99 0.10 0.01 0.67 0.03 0.31 0.05 1.04 5.53

Power generating machinery 2006 0.72 1.37 0.34 0.02 0.34 0.46 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.09 0.18 2007 0.82 1.77 0.28 0.01 0.34 0.57 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.12 0.24

Non-electrical machinery 2006 2.18 1.83 2.53 0.26 1.30 4.30 0.05 0.00 0.36 0.01 0.15 0.02 0.47 1.86 2007 2.18 2.34 3.06 0.30 1.42 5.97 0.07 0.01 0.48 0.02 0.23 0.03 0.82 2.72

Electrical machinery 2006 0.39 0.68 1.03 0.06 0.27 1.09 0.02 0.00 0.08 0.00 0.05 0.02 0.12 2.03 2007 0.47 0.85 1.22 0.08 0.30 1.45 0.02 0.00 0.11 0.00 0.05 0.02 0.11 2.57

Textiles 2006 0.43 0.13 0.73 0.18 0.13 0.21 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.05 1.05 2007 0.48 0.17 0.78 0.21 0.12 0.27 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.02 0.00 0.01 0.05 1.61

Clothing 2006 0.11 0.01 0.10 0.03 0.08 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.36 2007 0.08 0.01 0.11 0.03 0.07 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.48

Other manufactures 2006 1.82 1.33 1.22 0.29 1.19 1.47 0.02 0.00 0.13 0.00 0.07 0.01 0.15 2.10 2007 1.64 1.62 1.43 0.33 1.39 1.97 0.03 0.00 0.23 0.00 0.07 0.02 0.17 3.08

Personal and household goods 2006 1.32 0.07 0.57 0.01 0.87 0.11 0.01 0.00 0.07 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.06 0.28 2007 1.12 0.10 0.71 0.01 1.01 0.16 0.02 0.00 0.09 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.07 0.42

Scientific and controlling 2006 0.16 0.79 0.19 0.06 0.12 0.75 0.01 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.05 1.01 instruments 2007 0.18 0.96 0.20 0.07 0.13 1.02 0.01 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.01 0.02 0.05 1.49 Miscellaneous manufactures 2006 0.34 0.46 0.47 0.22 0.20 0.61 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.05 0.81

2007 0.35 0.56 0.52 0.24 0.25 0.79 0.00 0.00 0.11 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.05 1.17 Total merchandise a 2006 31.54 17.43 31.97 15.56 33.33 22.05 3.87 1.43 7.45 8.09 5.75 3.13 21.41 23.65

2007 31.98 22.60 37.51 19.49 43.28 29.71 4.26 2.77 8.57 11.33 6.40 3.21 25.79 31.52

Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2006-2007 - Brazil

North America Middle East AsiaSouth & Central

America Europe CIS Africa

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Table A20 (continued)

(Billion dollars)

exp imp C exp imp C exp imp C exp imp C exp imp C exp imp C exp imp

Agricultural products 2006 13.38 0.85 3.54 0.55 0.47 2.02 3.38 0.10 1.31 0.01 0.14 0.27 39.53 5.49 2007 17.80 1.03 3.85 0.74 0.58 2.68 4.17 0.14 1.53 0.02 0.17 0.31 48.24 7.27

Food 2006 11.65 0.66 2.23 0.13 0.32 1.92 2.76 0.07 1.04 0.00 0.12 0.22 34.34 4.10 2007 15.48 0.81 2.57 0.26 0.43 2.55 3.53 0.09 1.27 0.00 0.14 0.27 42.12 5.55

Fish 2006 0.19 0.04 0.13 0.00 0.01 0.09 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.10 0.37 0.45 2007 0.14 0.06 0.11 0.01 0.02 0.11 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.12 0.31 0.56

Other food products 2006 11.46 0.62 2.10 0.13 0.30 1.83 2.76 0.07 1.03 0.00 0.12 0.12 33.97 3.65 2007 15.34 0.75 2.45 0.25 0.41 2.44 3.53 0.08 1.26 0.00 0.14 0.16 41.81 4.99

Raw materials 2006 1.74 0.19 1.31 0.41 0.15 0.10 0.62 0.02 0.27 0.01 0.02 0.05 5.19 1.39 2007 2.32 0.22 1.29 0.48 0.15 0.13 0.64 0.05 0.26 0.01 0.03 0.04 6.12 1.71 Fuels and mining products 2006 6.03 0.93 3.55 1.35 1.10 1.56 3.68 0.20 1.96 0.14 1.20 2.19 26.46 21.73

2007 7.89 1.46 4.71 1.97 1.39 1.89 4.98 0.35 2.06 0.08 1.45 2.67 32.21 28.15 Ores and other minerals 2006 3.43 0.10 0.34 0.06 0.49 0.16 2.84 0.02 1.25 0.00 0.00 1.04 11.71 1.93

2007 4.19 0.09 0.49 0.08 0.53 0.12 3.93 0.02 1.33 0.00 0.00 1.16 14.29 2.28 Fuels 2006 1.35 0.42 2.34 1.18 0.38 1.31 0.84 0.14 0.00 0.13 1.15 0.00 10.59 17.14

2007 2.16 0.76 3.67 1.73 0.59 1.63 0.84 0.24 0.00 0.06 1.40 0.00 13.30 22.32 Non-ferrous metals 2006 1.24 0.41 0.87 0.11 0.23 0.09 0.00 0.05 0.71 0.01 0.05 1.15 4.16 2.66

2007 1.54 0.61 0.54 0.16 0.27 0.14 0.21 0.09 0.74 0.02 0.05 1.51 4.62 3.56 Manufactures 2006 11.62 18.42 16.94 12.96 10.17 4.48 1.34 7.69 0.62 3.68 2.57 0.42 68.41 64.12 2007 14.56 24.25 15.80 16.17 12.42 5.84 1.59 12.13 0.73 4.51 2.63 0.50 75.80 85.16

Iron and steel 2006 1.65 0.65 2.85 0.16 0.53 0.08 0.18 0.14 0.20 0.09 0.22 0.04 9.45 1.77 2007 2.16 0.85 2.72 0.26 0.77 0.09 0.33 0.44 0.21 0.10 0.25 0.05 10.11 2.40

Chemicals 2006 1.74 5.20 1.98 4.22 1.69 1.31 0.23 0.81 0.23 0.33 0.43 0.23 9.28 16.48 2007 2.31 6.49 1.65 5.60 2.04 1.39 0.24 1.43 0.30 0.42 0.46 0.28 10.66 22.93

Pharmaceuticals 2006 0.13 1.34 0.07 0.70 0.11 0.08 0.00 0.12 0.00 0.03 0.03 0.00 0.67 3.04 2007 0.11 1.78 0.11 0.89 0.13 0.09 0.00 0.14 0.00 0.03 0.04 0.00 0.82 4.01

Other chemicals 2006 1.61 3.86 1.91 3.52 1.58 1.24 0.23 0.69 0.23 0.30 0.40 0.23 8.61 13.44 2007 2.21 4.71 1.54 4.72 1.91 1.30 0.24 1.28 0.30 0.38 0.42 0.28 9.84 18.91

Other semi-manufactures 2006 2.07 1.64 2.99 0.78 0.88 0.36 0.45 0.42 0.06 0.27 0.29 0.10 10.00 4.42 2007 2.56 2.17 2.82 1.06 1.14 0.43 0.58 0.75 0.07 0.37 0.30 0.09 11.32 5.93

Machinery and transport equipment 2006 4.82 9.35 7.08 6.42 6.22 2.41 0.45 4.74 0.08 2.69 1.40 0.04 33.41 34.19 2007 6.00 12.64 6.75 7.57 7.49 3.59 0.41 6.91 0.09 3.27 1.41 0.05 37.03 44.00

Office and telecom equipment 2006 0.24 0.79 0.69 1.34 1.06 0.02 0.06 3.03 0.01 0.53 0.24 0.00 3.98 11.04 2007 0.17 0.93 0.39 1.30 1.06 0.02 0.02 4.07 0.00 0.56 0.16 0.00 3.00 12.42

EDP and office equipment 2006 0.06 0.21 0.07 0.56 0.20 0.00 0.00 0.84 0.00 0.22 0.04 0.00 0.50 2.72 2007 0.04 0.23 0.07 0.54 0.17 0.00 0.00 1.35 0.00 0.27 0.04 0.00 0.45 3.47

Telecommunications equipment 2006 0.16 0.31 0.59 0.46 0.83 0.02 0.04 1.70 0.00 0.13 0.19 0.00 3.32 4.43 2007 0.10 0.42 0.30 0.52 0.87 0.02 0.01 2.21 0.00 0.14 0.11 0.00 2.43 5.14

Integrated circuits 2006 0.02 0.27 0.02 0.31 0.03 0.00 0.02 0.48 0.00 0.18 0.01 0.00 0.16 3.89 2007 0.02 0.27 0.02 0.23 0.03 0.00 0.01 0.52 0.00 0.15 0.00 0.00 0.12 3.80

Transport equipment 2006 2.88 3.14 3.81 1.43 3.82 2.11 0.18 0.21 0.03 0.97 0.74 0.03 18.86 8.93 2007 3.95 4.22 3.74 1.64 4.73 3.23 0.19 0.33 0.03 1.32 0.79 0.04 21.83 12.61

Automotive products 2006 1.49 2.06 1.61 0.49 3.62 2.04 0.15 0.06 0.00 0.57 0.65 0.02 13.04 6.01 2007 1.59 2.72 0.98 0.41 4.48 3.13 0.08 0.10 0.01 0.78 0.69 0.03 13.52 8.60

Other transport equipment 2006 1.39 1.08 2.20 0.94 0.20 0.07 0.03 0.14 0.02 0.40 0.08 0.01 5.83 2.92 2007 2.37 1.50 2.76 1.22 0.25 0.09 0.10 0.23 0.02 0.54 0.10 0.01 8.31 4.01

Other machinery 2006 1.70 5.43 2.58 3.65 1.34 0.27 0.21 1.51 0.04 1.19 0.42 0.01 10.56 14.22 2007 1.88 7.49 2.61 4.64 1.70 0.34 0.20 2.50 0.06 1.39 0.46 0.02 12.20 18.97

Power generating machinery 2006 0.31 0.44 0.64 1.34 0.06 0.01 0.03 0.07 0.00 0.06 0.03 0.00 1.56 2.03 2007 0.32 0.53 0.71 1.73 0.08 0.01 0.04 0.10 0.00 0.04 0.04 0.00 1.66 2.60

Non-electrical machinery 2006 1.13 3.95 1.67 1.70 0.85 0.21 0.15 0.54 0.04 0.85 0.26 0.01 7.04 8.29 2007 1.29 5.58 1.58 2.17 1.07 0.26 0.14 0.99 0.05 1.04 0.29 0.01 8.25 11.39

Electrical machinery 2006 0.25 1.04 0.27 0.60 0.43 0.05 0.03 0.90 0.00 0.29 0.13 0.00 1.96 3.90 2007 0.27 1.38 0.33 0.74 0.56 0.07 0.02 1.41 0.00 0.32 0.13 0.00 2.28 4.99

Textiles 2006 0.12 0.20 0.36 0.12 0.40 0.12 0.01 0.41 0.03 0.01 0.05 0.00 1.36 1.60 2007 0.11 0.25 0.38 0.15 0.44 0.14 0.01 0.71 0.01 0.01 0.05 0.01 1.45 2.28

Clothing 2006 0.07 0.04 0.10 0.01 0.03 0.01 0.00 0.20 0.01 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.31 0.44 2007 0.06 0.05 0.07 0.01 0.03 0.01 0.00 0.29 0.01 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.28 0.62

Other manufactures 2006 1.15 1.34 1.59 1.25 0.42 0.17 0.02 0.98 0.03 0.29 0.14 0.01 4.61 5.21 2007 1.35 1.81 1.41 1.51 0.51 0.19 0.03 1.60 0.03 0.34 0.14 0.01 4.95 7.02

Personal and household goods 2006 0.86 0.11 1.18 0.07 0.21 0.00 0.00 0.20 0.01 0.01 0.08 0.00 2.95 0.48 2007 1.00 0.15 1.00 0.09 0.26 0.01 0.00 0.32 0.02 0.02 0.08 0.00 3.06 0.69

Scientific and controlling 2006 0.10 0.70 0.12 0.74 0.07 0.05 0.01 0.36 0.00 0.17 0.02 0.00 0.54 2.62 instruments 2007 0.12 0.96 0.14 0.90 0.08 0.05 0.01 0.62 0.00 0.19 0.02 0.00 0.60 3.56 Miscellaneous manufactures 2006 0.19 0.54 0.28 0.44 0.15 0.12 0.01 0.42 0.01 0.10 0.05 0.01 1.11 2.11

2007 0.23 0.69 0.27 0.52 0.17 0.13 0.01 0.66 0.01 0.13 0.05 0.01 1.29 2.77 Total merchandise a 2006 31.12 20.21 24.77 14.86 11.74 8.05 8.40 7.99 3.89 3.84 3.91 2.88 137.81 91.34

2007 40.49 26.74 25.34 18.89 14.42 10.41 10.75 12.62 4.32 4.61 4.26 3.48 160.65 120.62

Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2006-2007 - Brazil

a Includes unspecified products.

Note: Imports are valued f.o.b. For sources and methods, see the Metadata.

EU (27)

b Includes unspecified destinations and origins.

United States World bArgentina China Japan Chile

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Table A21

(Billion dollars)

exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp

Agricultural products 2006 21.13 16.71 3.62 35.85 333.02 333.23 11.34 6.48 11.59 17.63 7.64 2.52 21.67 28.42 2007 22.32 19.38 4.21 45.76 398.11 397.58 14.10 8.08 14.29 20.62 9.01 2.89 24.66 33.49

Food 2006 18.42 10.95 3.14 31.68 279.21 280.91 10.16 2.84 9.56 14.24 6.54 2.03 14.76 20.70 2007 19.75 12.99 3.65 40.33 333.68 334.93 12.56 3.68 11.58 16.66 7.56 2.37 17.31 24.88

Fish 2006 0.29 1.49 0.13 3.38 18.42 23.63 0.43 0.59 0.56 3.40 0.05 0.12 0.87 4.99 2007 0.34 1.80 0.13 3.51 20.26 26.10 0.53 0.55 0.68 3.70 0.07 0.13 0.95 5.82

Other food products 2006 18.13 9.46 3.01 28.30 260.79 257.28 9.73 2.26 9.00 10.84 6.49 1.91 13.90 15.70 2007 19.42 11.20 3.52 36.82 313.42 308.83 12.03 3.13 10.90 12.96 7.49 2.24 16.36 19.06

Raw materials 2006 2.71 5.76 0.48 4.16 53.81 52.32 1.18 3.63 2.02 3.39 1.11 0.50 6.91 7.72 2007 2.57 6.39 0.57 5.44 64.44 62.65 1.54 4.40 2.71 3.96 1.45 0.53 7.35 8.62 Fuels and mining products 2006 35.75 20.79 2.87 33.22 341.81 392.85 3.20 186.24 10.62 91.95 5.74 62.20 14.79 21.57

2007 39.98 26.64 3.47 37.04 378.81 432.26 4.39 204.55 13.95 98.78 6.01 63.38 19.06 25.17 Ores and other minerals 2006 1.59 7.21 0.21 11.57 40.19 40.69 0.32 4.85 0.97 4.76 0.57 0.84 6.95 6.72

2007 1.80 10.47 0.18 13.77 48.99 49.86 0.48 5.31 0.98 5.73 0.74 0.98 8.94 8.00 Fuels 2006 27.85 9.57 1.90 11.01 212.83 257.58 1.72 170.39 8.26 81.64 3.95 60.07 2.10 9.52

2007 30.74 10.87 2.34 10.95 225.28 271.28 2.54 187.24 11.26 85.73 4.01 60.74 2.46 9.85 Non-ferrous metals 2006 6.31 4.01 0.75 10.65 88.79 94.58 1.16 11.00 1.38 5.55 1.22 1.30 5.75 5.33

2007 7.45 5.30 0.95 12.33 104.54 111.12 1.37 12.00 1.71 7.32 1.27 1.67 7.66 7.32 Manufactures 2006 328.55 205.96 54.03 23.97 2669.06 2601.86 115.46 28.29 89.87 35.48 98.03 21.46 295.40 549.39 2007 349.83 233.13 65.56 26.23 3093.69 3017.40 153.79 34.82 108.39 40.99 115.26 24.26 344.20 647.42

Iron and steel 2006 9.88 1.88 1.82 3.52 133.48 130.84 2.27 11.11 4.05 3.29 5.74 0.60 9.28 10.58 2007 10.44 3.22 2.13 4.85 172.96 170.02 2.97 13.99 5.31 4.01 6.78 0.45 11.33 21.31

Chemicals 2006 79.17 47.12 10.69 3.66 493.46 487.59 19.45 6.85 13.70 3.11 12.38 6.45 48.18 31.58 2007 87.98 54.54 13.15 4.44 593.63 584.99 24.34 8.36 16.38 4.02 14.65 8.27 55.41 41.04

Pharmaceuticals 2006 35.03 20.24 3.25 0.24 148.32 150.09 6.19 0.02 4.46 0.08 3.65 0.57 13.60 4.91 2007 41.88 20.40 4.08 0.29 174.04 176.39 7.29 0.03 5.32 0.14 4.49 0.75 15.81 5.89

Other chemicals 2006 44.14 26.89 7.45 3.42 345.14 337.50 13.25 6.83 9.23 3.03 8.74 5.89 34.58 26.68 2007 46.11 34.14 9.07 4.15 419.59 408.60 17.05 8.33 11.06 3.88 10.16 7.52 39.60 35.16

Other semi-manufactures 2006 25.35 12.14 4.60 3.02 295.48 286.19 12.64 4.73 8.91 9.00 11.94 4.73 29.77 39.08 2007 25.75 14.38 5.62 3.82 354.75 343.34 16.55 5.62 10.84 9.27 14.41 6.11 33.68 51.59

Machinery and transport equipment 2006 166.08 109.35 31.79 11.50 1316.40 1267.72 62.20 2.73 50.49 8.96 56.62 6.32 163.93 313.93 2007 175.11 123.23 38.44 10.61 1482.94 1429.72 84.95 3.96 60.79 10.81 65.85 5.69 198.12 350.28

Office and telecom equipment 2006 17.65 31.27 3.54 2.68 331.16 318.90 13.74 0.35 10.53 1.06 14.25 2.92 35.60 178.91 2007 17.02 31.66 3.22 2.55 295.24 282.41 15.96 0.63 11.42 1.23 13.21 1.93 38.03 193.50

EDP and office equipment 2006 7.79 17.66 0.45 2.19 135.94 128.11 5.07 0.07 3.62 0.18 4.42 0.58 6.93 79.35 2007 6.78 12.51 0.54 2.10 128.71 125.72 5.82 0.06 4.03 0.25 4.37 0.62 7.30 82.29

Telecommunications equipment 2006 5.73 7.60 2.25 0.39 156.02 152.78 8.12 0.24 6.01 0.43 9.26 2.21 11.85 73.30 2007 6.24 13.77 2.14 0.28 129.07 120.16 9.53 0.53 6.46 0.53 8.38 1.19 11.79 83.65

Integrated circuits 2006 4.13 6.01 0.84 0.10 39.20 38.01 0.55 0.04 0.89 0.45 0.57 0.14 16.82 26.26 2007 4.00 5.38 0.54 0.16 37.46 36.53 0.61 0.04 0.93 0.45 0.45 0.12 18.95 27.55

Transport equipment 2006 72.21 32.54 13.11 6.82 547.83 528.55 16.63 0.75 15.49 2.29 13.87 0.51 43.93 58.17 2007 74.09 40.08 16.02 5.65 666.99 645.45 25.91 1.09 18.26 2.50 15.57 0.61 55.63 61.92

Automotive products 2006 52.38 12.59 5.36 1.90 420.12 405.83 13.54 0.28 12.51 1.71 8.41 0.16 25.05 36.48 2007 53.59 15.94 7.01 2.02 496.80 481.73 21.89 0.29 13.99 1.85 10.11 0.25 31.11 40.95

Other transport equipment 2006 19.83 19.95 7.75 4.92 127.72 122.72 3.09 0.47 2.98 0.58 5.46 0.35 18.87 21.69 2007 20.50 24.14 9.01 3.63 170.19 163.72 4.02 0.79 4.28 0.65 5.46 0.36 24.53 20.98

Other machinery 2006 76.22 45.54 15.14 2.00 437.41 420.27 31.84 1.63 24.47 5.61 28.49 2.89 84.41 76.85 2007 84.01 51.49 19.20 2.42 520.71 501.87 43.08 2.24 31.11 7.09 37.08 3.15 104.45 94.86

Power generating machinery 2006 15.47 16.33 1.63 0.34 39.21 37.91 1.48 0.35 2.27 0.30 4.50 0.80 9.95 5.49 2007 18.92 18.95 1.61 0.49 44.11 43.05 1.87 0.44 3.35 0.38 5.83 0.83 12.21 7.44

Non-electrical machinery 2006 43.59 18.56 10.68 1.21 257.87 245.16 22.91 0.73 15.99 2.45 18.19 1.02 55.38 32.65 2007 47.12 21.34 14.06 1.45 314.41 300.05 31.38 0.98 20.33 3.12 23.75 1.12 70.13 43.81

Electrical machinery 2006 17.17 10.65 2.84 0.45 140.33 137.20 7.45 0.56 6.22 2.86 5.80 1.08 19.08 38.71 2007 17.98 11.20 3.53 0.48 162.19 158.77 9.83 0.82 7.43 3.60 7.50 1.20 22.12 43.62

Textiles 2006 3.94 1.38 0.58 0.19 57.19 58.36 2.26 0.47 4.10 1.00 0.91 0.69 4.76 14.21 2007 3.96 1.43 0.68 0.18 62.41 63.63 2.56 0.47 4.75 1.17 0.97 0.73 5.11 16.57

Clothing 2006 3.64 0.72 0.26 0.39 76.85 82.98 4.04 0.98 1.10 7.58 1.56 0.44 3.93 51.32 2007 3.92 0.76 0.34 0.40 85.99 93.94 5.54 0.98 1.11 8.67 1.93 0.39 4.49 57.66

Other manufactures 2006 40.49 33.37 4.29 1.70 296.20 288.18 12.61 1.42 7.54 2.54 8.88 2.22 35.55 88.70 2007 42.67 35.58 5.21 1.93 341.02 331.76 16.88 1.44 9.22 3.05 10.67 2.61 36.05 108.97

Personal and household goods 2006 6.27 0.91 0.38 1.04 75.90 72.20 3.42 0.43 1.12 1.44 1.35 0.15 5.00 28.90 2007 6.92 0.94 0.50 1.18 87.17 83.35 4.68 0.50 1.37 1.65 1.67 0.17 5.83 35.33

Scientific and controlling 2006 13.58 17.19 1.66 0.27 52.77 51.73 2.39 0.16 2.46 0.36 2.69 0.74 13.04 11.23 instruments 2007 14.69 17.89 2.07 0.34 60.73 59.48 3.53 0.20 3.00 0.44 3.22 0.91 14.73 11.60 Miscellaneous manufactures 2006 20.64 15.27 2.25 0.39 167.54 164.25 6.79 0.83 3.96 0.74 4.84 1.34 17.51 48.57

2007 21.06 16.74 2.65 0.41 193.13 188.92 8.67 0.75 4.85 0.96 5.78 1.54 15.49 62.04 Total merchandise a 2006 393.02 257.30 61.49 93.69 3394.15 3377.44 131.63 224.56 113.32 146.45 113.15 86.94 337.59 602.18 2007 419.40 295.38 74.44 109.98 3926.07 3903.46 174.39 250.88 138.13 162.24 132.28 91.35 395.68 709.72

Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2006-2007 - European Union (27)

North America Africa Middle East AsiaSouth & Central

America Europe CIS

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Table A21 (continued)

(Billion dollars)

exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp

Agricultural products 2006 316.86 94.11 124.26 17.60 12.15 3.41 5.60 8.62 4.03 6.55 3.08 410.97 441.08 2007 379.08 108.66 149.46 18.32 14.06 4.48 7.09 10.77 4.87 7.59 3.88 487.74 528.54

Food 2006 266.68 75.76 96.86 15.23 8.13 1.15 3.88 7.82 1.21 5.37 2.59 342.44 363.49 2007 318.90 87.93 117.48 16.14 9.53 1.69 5.03 9.74 1.47 6.19 3.30 406.83 436.38

Fish 2006 17.75 2.99 19.86 0.24 0.98 0.26 1.46 0.31 0.54 0.33 0.00 20.74 37.61 2007 19.56 3.40 22.05 0.29 1.15 0.31 1.69 0.38 0.49 0.36 0.00 22.95 41.60

Other food products 2006 248.92 72.77 77.00 14.98 7.16 0.89 2.41 7.51 0.67 5.04 2.58 321.70 325.89 2007 299.34 84.53 95.43 15.85 8.37 1.39 3.34 9.36 0.98 5.83 3.29 383.88 394.78

Raw materials 2006 50.19 18.35 27.40 2.37 4.02 2.26 1.72 0.80 2.83 1.18 0.50 68.53 77.59 2007 60.18 20.73 31.98 2.18 4.53 2.79 2.06 1.03 3.39 1.40 0.58 80.91 92.16 Fuels and mining products 2006 315.94 109.25 518.92 30.08 12.98 5.92 3.92 1.41 154.99 10.22 5.53 425.19 835.15

2007 350.69 128.35 568.35 33.03 14.89 6.99 5.43 1.87 168.74 10.86 6.64 479.04 919.04 Ores and other minerals 2006 36.99 13.82 40.06 1.22 4.58 3.86 1.16 0.14 3.13 0.61 0.97 50.81 77.14

2007 45.25 16.91 49.54 1.19 6.08 4.39 1.34 0.30 3.16 0.62 1.35 62.16 94.79 Fuels 2006 195.49 73.17 426.30 23.12 5.33 0.13 0.73 0.53 143.33 6.91 2.83 268.66 621.86

2007 207.35 84.19 454.43 24.93 5.68 0.14 0.85 0.74 156.10 6.95 3.01 291.54 661.78 Non-ferrous metals 2006 83.46 22.26 52.57 5.73 3.07 1.93 2.03 0.74 8.53 2.69 1.72 105.72 136.15

2007 98.10 27.25 64.37 6.90 3.13 2.46 3.24 0.83 9.48 3.29 2.28 125.34 162.47 Manufactures 2006 2457.53 1205.39 1015.48 280.49 182.39 68.77 234.32 78.85 16.79 88.57 77.01 3662.93 3470.78 2007 2842.56 1406.50 1187.16 297.10 204.48 84.43 302.44 106.85 20.71 102.21 88.84 4249.05 4029.72

Iron and steel 2006 123.84 43.04 37.81 7.36 1.22 3.34 5.03 1.41 5.94 3.03 1.44 166.88 161.84 2007 160.27 52.10 57.64 7.92 2.18 3.40 11.66 1.83 7.61 3.94 1.77 212.37 217.91

Chemicals 2006 450.68 231.34 136.70 69.00 43.49 7.66 7.87 13.72 5.05 22.90 30.38 682.02 587.65 2007 542.80 270.28 164.71 76.26 48.92 10.04 10.32 16.94 6.13 27.30 34.56 813.08 707.51

Pharmaceuticals 2006 132.17 84.10 44.10 29.44 19.21 1.08 1.12 4.55 0.01 11.72 17.18 216.26 176.27 2007 154.99 100.40 49.08 35.29 19.34 1.57 1.49 5.03 0.01 13.62 20.57 255.39 204.07

Other chemicals 2006 318.52 147.24 92.60 39.55 24.28 6.57 6.76 9.17 5.04 11.18 13.20 465.76 411.38 2007 387.81 169.88 115.63 40.98 29.58 8.46 8.84 11.91 6.12 13.68 14.00 557.69 503.44

Other semi-manufactures 2006 271.44 118.51 86.94 21.00 9.55 4.56 19.56 8.37 3.54 10.18 6.52 389.96 359.12 2007 325.91 137.25 108.38 21.24 11.05 5.51 27.80 10.93 4.16 11.94 7.82 463.16 434.29

Machinery and transport equipment 2006 1221.18 631.57 504.63 141.47 96.32 47.48 117.71 42.17 1.49 31.80 21.64 1852.74 1723.21 2007 1371.24 743.00 566.15 148.14 108.28 58.42 145.41 59.31 2.00 35.08 25.00 2114.24 1937.39

Office and telecom equipment 2006 313.17 113.57 224.21 15.92 27.12 6.01 80.47 9.64 0.14 7.75 2.55 426.73 536.44 2007 276.78 117.92 238.61 15.17 27.61 6.88 95.40 11.00 0.14 6.89 1.85 394.70 515.39

EDP and office equipment 2006 127.76 36.51 100.94 7.21 15.94 1.12 40.08 3.90 0.03 3.76 0.61 164.27 228.15 2007 120.18 37.46 99.20 6.17 10.76 1.45 45.98 4.27 0.03 3.54 0.85 157.65 223.58

Telecommunications equipment 2006 148.28 51.19 89.19 4.87 5.54 2.63 36.05 5.39 0.09 3.07 1.19 199.46 237.22 2007 120.80 53.30 104.96 5.29 11.77 2.53 43.50 6.36 0.08 2.61 0.59 174.10 221.56

Integrated circuits 2006 37.13 25.87 34.09 3.84 5.63 2.26 4.34 0.36 0.02 0.92 0.75 63.00 71.07 2007 35.80 27.16 34.45 3.71 5.08 2.90 5.92 0.37 0.03 0.74 0.41 62.95 70.24

Transport equipment 2006 512.40 213.97 120.23 61.75 28.04 13.78 5.19 10.98 0.48 9.35 2.55 726.37 631.68 2007 623.77 253.40 134.80 62.75 34.25 17.54 7.44 18.02 0.73 10.92 3.41 877.17 758.58

Automotive products 2006 394.32 144.03 64.98 45.65 10.09 6.74 1.54 9.09 0.18 7.04 1.14 538.35 458.97 2007 466.25 169.29 76.85 46.15 12.28 9.19 2.43 15.42 0.18 8.15 1.43 635.54 543.10

Other transport equipment 2006 118.09 69.94 55.25 16.10 17.96 7.04 3.65 1.90 0.31 2.31 1.42 188.02 172.71 2007 157.52 84.11 57.95 16.60 21.97 8.36 5.01 2.61 0.55 2.77 1.98 241.63 215.48

Other machinery 2006 395.61 304.03 160.19 63.80 41.16 27.69 32.06 21.55 0.87 14.70 16.54 699.64 555.09 2007 470.69 371.68 192.74 70.21 46.42 33.99 42.58 30.29 1.13 17.27 19.74 842.37 663.43

Power generating machinery 2006 35.55 38.98 25.98 13.29 14.63 2.52 1.75 0.87 0.31 1.52 1.46 74.52 61.53 2007 39.90 48.02 31.68 16.21 16.96 2.97 2.47 1.40 0.39 1.78 2.02 87.91 71.57

Non-electrical machinery 2006 230.95 195.09 71.16 35.55 17.03 19.26 10.30 15.41 0.35 8.92 10.62 426.04 301.84 2007 282.24 240.94 89.71 38.44 19.48 23.52 15.09 21.91 0.47 10.41 12.71 523.18 371.95

Electrical machinery 2006 129.11 69.97 63.05 14.96 9.50 5.91 20.01 5.27 0.21 4.26 4.46 199.07 191.72 2007 148.55 82.73 71.36 15.57 9.98 7.50 25.02 6.98 0.27 5.08 5.01 231.28 219.91

Textiles 2006 52.31 21.54 23.92 3.18 1.23 0.81 6.13 1.19 0.13 1.48 1.16 73.84 76.31 2007 56.89 23.72 27.31 3.18 1.28 0.96 7.43 1.40 0.10 1.63 1.31 80.62 84.21

Clothing 2006 70.54 20.90 74.36 2.87 0.53 0.21 26.06 3.17 0.09 3.65 0.75 91.43 144.42 2007 78.60 24.77 84.20 3.02 0.56 0.28 32.29 4.31 0.06 4.21 0.94 103.37 162.81

Other manufactures 2006 267.55 138.51 151.12 35.61 30.06 4.71 51.96 8.82 0.54 15.53 15.12 406.06 418.24 2007 306.84 155.38 178.76 37.34 32.22 5.83 67.53 12.13 0.65 18.11 17.44 462.22 485.60

Personal and household goods 2006 68.76 24.70 36.64 5.38 0.76 0.30 18.55 2.54 0.16 3.87 1.20 93.46 105.06 2007 78.66 29.49 44.48 5.91 0.78 0.53 23.29 3.46 0.17 4.49 1.41 108.15 123.14

Scientific and controlling 2006 47.67 41.10 34.10 12.01 15.02 2.61 2.64 1.72 0.08 2.18 3.27 88.77 81.70 instruments 2007 54.66 47.51 36.22 13.02 15.69 3.44 3.10 2.63 0.11 2.56 3.82 102.16 90.87 Miscellaneous manufactures 2006 151.12 72.71 80.38 18.22 14.28 1.80 30.78 4.57 0.31 9.48 10.65 223.83 231.47

2007 173.52 78.38 98.07 18.41 15.76 1.86 41.15 6.04 0.37 11.06 12.21 251.91 271.60 Total merchandise a 2006 3135.37 3133.01 1455.50 1696.87 334.37 219.00 79.14 244.35 89.88 178.45 108.08 89.73 4590.87 4829.88 2007 3621.92 3621.92 1697.74 1952.00 354.46 247.23 97.12 315.70 120.77 196.87 124.55 104.98 5319.66 5573.92

Note: The figures are affected by the "INTRASTAT" system of recording trade between EU member States. Unspecified products account for 1.4 per cent of total intra-EU trade, and intra-EU imports are under-recorded. To compensate for this under-recording, intra-EU exports have been used to obtain total (World) imports. Major trading partners were selected on the basis of 2007 data. For sources and methods, see the Metadata.

Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2006-2007 - European Union (27)

a Includes unspecified products.b Includes unspecified destinations and origins.

Intra-EU (27) World bSwitzerlandRussian Fed.ChinaUnited StatesExtra-EU (27)

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Table A22

(Billion dollars)

exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp

Agricultural products 2006 5.00 12.64 0.36 8.96 5.19 4.21 1.13 4.93 0.88 1.97 0.74 0.13 19.24 18.82 2007 5.91 15.95 0.54 13.14 6.55 5.44 1.61 5.93 1.16 1.93 1.04 0.14 22.06 22.83

Food 2006 4.09 4.96 0.31 7.41 3.79 1.57 1.09 1.29 0.82 0.41 0.70 0.05 17.07 7.23 2007 4.90 7.56 0.44 11.28 4.81 2.18 1.53 1.44 1.05 0.38 0.96 0.11 19.47 9.48

Fish 2006 2.13 0.60 0.02 0.14 1.43 0.44 0.22 1.20 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.01 5.07 0.75 2007 2.14 0.65 0.04 0.13 1.56 0.46 0.37 1.33 0.05 0.03 0.05 0.01 5.02 0.86

Other food products 2006 1.95 4.37 0.29 7.27 2.36 1.13 0.87 0.09 0.78 0.38 0.66 0.04 12.00 6.48 2007 2.76 6.91 0.40 11.14 3.25 1.72 1.16 0.12 1.00 0.35 0.91 0.09 14.45 8.62

Raw materials 2006 0.92 7.68 0.05 1.55 1.40 2.64 0.04 3.64 0.06 1.56 0.04 0.08 2.17 11.60 2007 1.01 8.39 0.10 1.87 1.74 3.26 0.08 4.48 0.11 1.55 0.08 0.04 2.59 13.35

Fuels and mining products 2006 4.07 5.72 1.11 18.21 4.36 5.73 0.55 13.97 0.43 24.48 0.78 35.22 27.30 54.91 2007 3.78 8.43 1.78 28.98 5.49 9.01 0.68 17.32 0.68 31.23 1.01 41.20 28.48 74.44

Ores and other minerals 2006 0.35 3.97 0.02 11.22 0.86 3.11 0.04 1.27 0.02 2.30 0.03 0.86 1.28 23.73 2007 0.32 5.47 0.03 17.98 0.85 5.21 0.05 2.05 0.02 3.69 0.04 1.77 1.39 36.75

Fuels 2006 1.66 0.33 0.93 4.60 1.51 0.38 0.19 10.86 0.13 21.09 0.28 34.14 13.07 17.59 2007 1.46 0.61 1.52 5.29 1.86 0.40 0.25 12.70 0.17 26.10 0.23 39.24 14.47 20.58

Non-ferrous metals 2006 2.06 1.42 0.16 2.39 1.99 2.25 0.31 1.84 0.28 1.09 0.47 0.22 12.95 13.59 2007 1.99 2.35 0.24 5.72 2.78 3.40 0.38 2.57 0.49 1.45 0.73 0.18 12.62 17.11

Manufactures 2006 219.09 51.16 25.15 4.30 193.26 86.78 26.30 3.86 24.46 1.87 27.81 5.46 378.74 426.04 2007 254.38 59.27 36.94 5.58 251.79 104.86 45.71 4.73 34.41 2.61 41.87 6.50 468.97 493.89

Iron and steel 2006 5.37 0.53 0.78 0.63 5.92 3.54 0.56 0.78 0.90 0.31 1.78 0.01 17.22 15.80 2007 5.42 0.84 1.65 1.12 10.38 3.79 1.62 1.19 1.67 0.85 5.22 0.00 25.54 16.35

Chemicals 2006 6.64 10.36 2.32 0.54 8.74 11.51 1.38 2.58 1.46 0.34 1.56 4.35 22.44 57.37 2007 7.96 14.00 3.63 0.64 11.20 14.70 2.22 2.97 2.06 0.40 2.30 5.15 30.94 69.57

Pharmaceuticals 2006 0.87 0.36 0.24 0.02 1.30 1.77 0.05 0.00 0.21 0.00 0.11 0.00 1.70 0.56 2007 1.13 0.57 0.34 0.03 1.68 2.57 0.08 0.00 0.29 0.00 0.17 0.01 2.31 0.71

Other chemicals 2006 5.76 10.00 2.08 0.52 7.45 9.75 1.32 2.58 1.25 0.34 1.44 4.35 20.74 56.81 2007 6.83 13.43 3.30 0.61 9.52 12.13 2.14 2.97 1.77 0.40 2.13 5.14 28.63 68.85

Other semi-manufactures 2006 21.33 2.39 2.18 0.84 16.56 5.77 2.44 0.22 2.99 0.80 4.36 0.31 25.53 15.78 2007 23.98 2.92 2.98 0.99 22.57 7.10 3.86 0.20 4.22 0.90 5.64 0.38 29.92 16.79

Machinery and transport equipment 2006 111.49 31.73 10.98 2.22 98.45 57.47 7.24 0.23 9.46 0.38 10.61 0.53 207.51 264.45 2007 128.27 34.79 16.12 2.76 133.17 68.74 13.61 0.32 13.60 0.42 15.36 0.70 256.92 304.91

Office and telecom equipment 2006 75.35 11.83 4.30 1.77 64.24 8.91 2.85 0.05 2.60 0.29 3.23 0.36 134.73 174.75 2007 84.22 12.83 6.18 2.29 84.10 9.71 4.26 0.04 3.72 0.33 4.46 0.50 160.86 200.76

EDP and office equipment 2006 39.64 2.83 0.93 0.01 36.43 1.62 0.57 0.00 0.50 0.00 1.12 0.03 55.31 36.20 2007 47.47 2.61 1.64 0.01 48.82 1.70 0.87 0.00 0.58 0.00 1.84 0.05 64.66 41.09

Telecommunications equipment 2006 33.33 1.27 3.11 0.02 24.54 3.10 2.20 0.00 2.04 0.00 2.05 0.10 56.35 31.04 2007 34.80 1.85 4.18 0.01 29.73 3.13 3.30 0.00 3.05 0.00 2.55 0.10 68.65 30.64

Integrated circuits 2006 2.38 7.72 0.27 1.73 3.27 4.20 0.09 0.04 0.06 0.29 0.07 0.23 23.07 107.51 2007 1.95 8.37 0.36 2.27 5.54 4.88 0.09 0.03 0.10 0.32 0.08 0.35 27.56 129.04

Transport equipment 2006 9.52 8.17 2.22 0.18 9.35 14.70 1.19 0.04 2.30 0.01 2.19 0.00 13.69 11.86 2007 10.97 8.86 3.54 0.19 13.57 18.11 3.50 0.08 3.59 0.02 3.46 0.01 19.83 14.43

Automotive products 2006 4.80 1.79 0.58 0.11 2.24 7.79 0.78 0.02 1.07 0.01 1.35 0.00 3.59 8.87 2007 5.87 2.63 1.22 0.10 3.58 10.33 2.76 0.05 1.97 0.02 2.26 0.00 5.37 10.90

Other transport equipment 2006 4.72 6.38 1.64 0.06 7.11 6.91 0.42 0.02 1.23 0.00 0.84 0.00 10.10 2.99 2007 5.10 6.23 2.32 0.09 9.99 7.78 0.73 0.03 1.62 0.00 1.21 0.01 14.46 3.52

Other machinery 2006 26.62 11.73 4.45 0.28 24.85 33.86 3.19 0.15 4.57 0.08 5.19 0.16 59.09 77.85 2007 33.08 13.09 6.41 0.29 35.50 40.93 5.86 0.20 6.29 0.08 7.43 0.19 76.23 89.72

Power generating machinery 2006 1.65 1.54 0.15 0.05 1.39 2.81 0.08 0.08 0.50 0.00 0.38 0.00 4.06 3.93 2007 2.23 1.61 0.27 0.05 2.09 3.58 0.16 0.13 0.62 0.00 0.53 0.00 5.46 4.19

Non-electrical machinery 2006 10.73 6.66 2.15 0.17 9.70 23.60 1.75 0.06 2.27 0.07 2.98 0.05 18.70 32.78 2007 13.15 7.86 3.56 0.16 14.99 28.08 3.47 0.06 3.48 0.05 4.34 0.05 24.88 35.53

Electrical machinery 2006 14.24 3.53 2.16 0.06 13.76 7.45 1.37 0.01 1.80 0.02 1.83 0.11 36.33 41.13 2007 17.71 3.61 2.58 0.08 18.42 9.27 2.22 0.01 2.20 0.02 2.56 0.14 45.89 49.99

Textiles 2006 6.81 0.51 2.30 0.01 6.79 1.01 2.04 0.01 3.93 0.01 3.14 0.02 23.67 14.78 2007 7.42 0.58 3.15 0.02 8.45 1.19 2.78 0.01 4.76 0.01 3.51 0.02 25.89 14.81

Clothing 2006 19.79 0.02 2.83 0.00 26.20 0.28 6.90 0.00 2.72 0.01 2.85 0.00 34.09 1.41 2007 23.62 0.02 4.17 0.00 25.84 0.42 13.72 0.00 4.19 0.02 5.32 0.00 38.36 1.50

Other manufactures 2006 47.66 5.62 3.78 0.05 30.59 7.19 5.76 0.03 2.99 0.01 3.52 0.24 48.29 56.45 2007 57.70 6.12 5.23 0.05 40.18 8.91 7.89 0.04 3.92 0.02 4.52 0.23 61.40 69.97

Personal and household goods 2006 20.81 0.17 1.59 0.01 10.88 0.53 3.47 0.00 1.46 0.00 1.64 0.00 11.64 0.89 2007 24.27 0.18 2.11 0.01 14.58 0.88 4.64 0.00 1.93 0.00 2.11 0.00 13.55 1.05

Scientific and controlling 2006 2.91 3.39 0.39 0.02 3.34 3.96 0.23 0.01 0.25 0.00 0.24 0.20 13.54 40.99 instruments 2007 4.51 3.86 0.88 0.01 5.93 5.08 0.35 0.02 0.30 0.00 0.37 0.18 17.96 50.58 Miscellaneous manufactures 2006 23.94 2.06 1.80 0.02 16.37 2.69 2.07 0.02 1.28 0.01 1.63 0.04 23.11 14.56

2007 28.92 2.08 2.25 0.03 19.67 2.95 2.90 0.03 1.69 0.01 2.04 0.06 29.89 18.34 Total merchandise a 2006 228.29 69.58 26.64 31.46 202.88 97.20 28.00 22.78 26.20 28.77 29.56 40.83 426.76 500.77

2007 264.24 83.77 39.32 47.71 263.89 119.99 48.00 27.99 36.53 36.36 43.98 47.86 521.09 592.22

Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2006-2007 - China

North AmericaSouth & Central

America Europe CIS AsiaAfrica Middle East

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Table A22 (continued)

(Billion dollars)

exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp

Agricultural products 2006 4.95 3.86 4.16 10.33 8.57 1.65 2.75 0.20 2.95 0.85 0.44 0.79 32.54 51.65 2007 6.13 5.05 4.92 12.80 8.65 1.83 3.12 0.26 3.75 1.12 0.63 0.83 38.86 65.37

Food 2006 3.68 1.31 3.39 4.26 7.66 0.36 2.51 0.05 2.58 0.21 0.29 0.09 27.86 22.92 2007 4.63 1.89 4.08 6.41 7.80 0.34 2.86 0.07 3.33 0.28 0.44 0.12 33.16 32.42

Fish 2006 1.41 0.21 1.76 0.41 2.96 0.23 0.35 0.00 1.11 0.06 0.09 0.03 8.95 3.16 2007 1.54 0.21 1.76 0.46 2.84 0.21 0.39 0.00 1.11 0.13 0.14 0.05 9.23 3.47

Other food products 2006 2.26 1.10 1.63 3.85 4.70 0.12 2.16 0.05 1.47 0.15 0.20 0.06 18.91 19.76 2007 3.09 1.69 2.32 5.95 4.97 0.14 2.47 0.07 2.22 0.15 0.30 0.07 23.93 28.96

Raw materials 2006 1.27 2.55 0.77 6.07 0.91 1.29 0.23 0.15 0.37 0.64 0.14 0.70 4.68 28.74 2007 1.49 3.15 0.84 6.39 0.85 1.49 0.26 0.19 0.41 0.83 0.19 0.71 5.70 32.95

Fuels and mining products 2006 4.02 4.65 3.48 3.57 4.94 6.30 6.14 0.74 6.08 8.82 1.91 3.88 38.61 158.27 2007 4.95 7.45 3.16 4.61 4.79 8.43 6.68 1.39 5.87 10.07 1.96 4.99 41.88 210.62

Ores and other minerals 2006 0.84 2.49 0.32 2.59 0.40 1.76 0.06 0.24 0.46 0.29 0.13 0.14 2.61 46.47 2007 0.82 4.23 0.29 3.38 0.41 2.17 0.07 0.88 0.52 0.40 0.11 0.13 2.71 72.92

Fuels 2006 1.31 0.18 1.45 0.29 2.75 1.57 2.05 0.30 2.31 5.81 0.67 0.90 17.77 89.00 2007 1.52 0.31 1.25 0.38 2.87 2.09 2.64 0.27 2.33 6.53 0.80 1.24 19.95 104.93

Non-ferrous metals 2006 1.87 1.98 1.71 0.69 1.79 2.98 4.04 0.20 3.32 2.72 1.11 2.84 18.23 22.80 2007 2.60 2.91 1.61 0.85 1.51 4.17 3.97 0.24 3.02 3.14 1.05 3.63 19.23 32.77

Manufactures 2006 180.95 82.06 196.03 45.35 77.59 107.51 146.25 9.46 35.48 79.93 18.28 82.43 895.43 579.50 2007 234.23 98.40 224.85 52.02 87.89 123.51 174.40 10.76 46.48 92.40 20.78 95.20 1134.80 677.50

Iron and steel 2006 5.65 3.49 4.30 0.47 1.44 6.87 1.26 0.02 5.23 3.90 2.00 3.66 32.52 21.62 2007 9.79 3.73 4.46 0.75 2.12 7.70 1.60 0.05 8.39 3.60 2.12 3.68 51.51 24.14

Chemicals 2006 7.85 10.56 5.78 8.50 4.76 14.82 3.47 1.66 3.04 14.92 1.79 12.60 44.53 87.05 2007 10.05 13.53 6.76 11.39 6.10 18.38 4.30 2.36 3.96 17.82 2.55 16.22 60.31 107.42

Pharmaceuticals 2006 1.18 1.53 0.75 0.34 0.30 0.22 0.15 0.18 0.16 0.04 0.04 0.02 4.49 2.72 2007 1.54 2.24 0.99 0.56 0.37 0.29 0.18 0.21 0.25 0.05 0.05 0.04 6.00 3.89

Other chemicals 2006 6.67 9.03 5.03 8.16 4.45 14.60 3.33 1.48 2.88 14.88 1.75 12.58 40.04 84.33 2007 8.51 11.29 5.76 10.84 5.73 18.09 4.12 2.15 3.71 17.78 2.50 16.18 54.31 103.53

Other semi-manufactures 2006 15.52 5.51 19.05 2.14 6.29 4.81 6.83 0.42 3.10 2.57 1.28 2.67 75.38 26.15 2007 21.11 6.66 21.21 2.65 6.74 5.22 6.81 0.35 3.98 2.70 1.37 2.77 93.17 29.32

Machinery and transport equipment 2006 94.29 55.08 101.27 28.43 35.03 65.77 94.02 4.41 15.71 42.50 10.55 43.25 456.34 357.02 2007 127.31 65.44 115.23 30.91 40.00 75.16 114.49 5.07 20.58 48.99 11.27 48.72 577.75 412.64

Office and telecom equipment 2006 62.89 8.71 69.73 10.12 18.80 24.56 70.24 2.84 9.47 29.92 6.57 31.21 287.33 197.95 2007 81.91 9.45 76.86 10.84 20.17 28.12 84.50 3.57 11.99 34.05 6.71 36.06 347.82 226.46

EDP and office equipment 2006 35.90 1.59 36.90 2.32 10.41 4.13 29.75 0.52 2.35 3.62 2.43 2.56 134.51 40.69 2007 47.96 1.66 43.73 2.20 10.91 3.93 34.36 0.26 3.13 5.38 2.57 2.14 165.88 45.46

Telecommunications equipment 2006 23.79 3.04 30.57 1.02 6.21 5.00 30.20 0.88 4.87 6.11 1.56 1.45 123.62 35.53 2007 28.47 3.04 31.29 1.42 6.94 5.57 37.66 0.92 5.50 5.15 1.66 1.87 146.27 35.74

Integrated circuits 2006 3.20 4.08 2.25 6.78 2.18 15.44 10.29 1.44 2.26 20.19 2.57 27.20 29.21 121.72 2007 5.48 4.75 1.83 7.22 2.32 18.62 12.48 2.39 3.36 23.52 2.47 32.05 35.67 145.26

Transport equipment 2006 8.37 14.63 8.16 7.66 3.33 8.14 2.81 0.01 1.15 2.88 0.61 0.38 41.05 34.95 2007 12.63 17.96 9.52 8.14 4.29 10.35 3.97 0.02 1.91 3.08 0.79 0.31 59.12 41.69

Automotive products 2006 2.13 7.77 4.02 1.39 1.52 6.00 0.13 0.01 0.42 2.36 0.15 0.26 14.41 18.58 2007 3.37 10.29 4.95 2.17 1.89 8.02 0.28 0.01 0.75 2.34 0.19 0.19 23.03 24.03

Other transport equipment 2006 6.24 6.86 4.13 6.26 1.80 2.14 2.67 0.01 0.73 0.52 0.45 0.12 26.64 16.37 2007 9.26 7.67 4.57 5.96 2.40 2.33 3.68 0.01 1.16 0.74 0.59 0.13 36.10 17.66

Other machinery 2006 23.03 31.74 23.38 10.66 12.90 33.07 20.97 1.56 5.09 9.69 3.38 11.66 127.96 124.12 2007 32.77 38.03 28.85 11.93 15.54 36.69 26.02 1.48 6.68 11.86 3.78 12.35 170.81 144.49

Power generating machinery 2006 1.29 2.65 1.46 1.44 0.95 1.79 1.10 0.10 0.41 0.40 0.09 0.31 8.20 8.41 2007 1.87 3.42 1.96 1.50 1.10 1.74 1.18 0.10 0.51 0.46 0.11 0.29 11.35 9.56

Non-electrical machinery 2006 8.74 22.09 9.31 6.20 4.63 18.42 3.35 0.43 1.42 4.30 1.02 5.12 48.27 63.39 2007 13.55 25.94 11.26 7.41 5.66 19.69 3.95 0.46 2.11 5.05 1.21 5.38 67.87 71.80

Electrical machinery 2006 13.00 6.99 12.62 3.02 7.32 12.86 16.53 1.04 3.26 4.99 2.27 6.23 71.48 52.31 2007 17.34 8.68 15.63 3.03 8.78 15.27 20.89 0.92 4.06 6.36 2.46 6.68 91.58 63.13

Textiles 2006 5.79 0.94 5.63 0.47 3.09 3.16 8.88 1.17 1.98 2.45 0.26 3.22 48.68 16.36 2007 7.02 1.10 6.09 0.55 3.15 3.15 8.88 1.12 2.14 2.39 0.29 3.15 55.97 16.64

Clothing 2006 23.03 0.26 16.27 0.01 15.76 0.14 9.12 0.66 3.25 0.13 0.36 0.03 95.39 1.72 2007 21.28 0.37 18.79 0.02 16.50 0.13 9.34 0.64 3.38 0.14 0.35 0.04 115.24 1.98

Other manufactures 2006 28.82 6.23 43.74 5.32 11.22 11.94 22.65 1.11 3.17 13.46 2.04 17.00 142.59 69.58 2007 37.68 7.57 52.32 5.74 13.27 13.77 28.98 1.16 4.05 16.76 2.82 20.63 180.84 85.35

Personal and household goods 2006 10.16 0.52 19.32 0.15 4.29 0.21 3.51 0.03 1.12 0.20 0.28 0.08 51.49 1.61 2007 13.62 0.85 22.34 0.16 4.95 0.20 3.50 0.02 1.36 0.18 0.32 0.09 63.19 2.13

Scientific and controlling 2006 3.06 3.65 2.51 3.17 1.67 6.36 7.80 0.26 0.85 11.36 0.81 14.88 20.89 48.57 instruments 2007 5.38 4.68 3.67 3.59 2.12 7.88 10.58 0.29 1.24 14.29 1.12 17.96 30.30 59.73 Miscellaneous manufactures 2006 15.60 2.07 21.91 2.00 5.26 5.37 11.35 0.83 1.20 1.91 0.94 2.04 70.20 19.41

2007 18.69 2.04 26.31 1.99 6.20 5.69 14.90 0.84 1.45 2.30 1.38 2.59 87.36 23.49 Total merchandise a 2006 189.98 90.64 203.80 59.31 91.62 115.67 155.31 10.78 44.52 89.72 20.73 87.10 968.94 791.46

2007 245.37 110.95 233.10 69.53 102.01 133.94 184.44 12.80 56.10 103.75 23.46 101.03 1217.78 955.96

Note: It should be noted that China Customs Statistics record the country of origin for imports and the country of final destination for exports. However, if the country of final destination cannot be ascertained, exports are attributed to the last known country of dispatch (see China's Customs Statistics, December 2003). For sources and methods, see the Metadata.

a Includes unspecified products.b Includes unspecified destinations and origins.

JapanEU (27) United States

Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2006-2007 - China

Hong Kong, China World bTaipei, Chinese

Korea, Rep. of

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Table A23

(Billion dollars)

exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp

Agricultural products 2006 0.25 1.85 0.01 0.99 0.11 1.94 0.00 0.02 0.01 0.29 0.02 0.21 4.28 6.60 2007 0.24 2.03 0.01 1.44 0.13 2.13 0.00 0.02 0.01 0.31 0.02 0.23 5.06 7.26

Food 2006 0.22 1.23 0.01 0.93 0.10 1.13 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.22 0.02 0.20 2.63 5.76 2007 0.21 1.39 0.01 1.36 0.10 1.49 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.24 0.02 0.22 3.42 6.49

Fish 2006 0.06 0.20 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.14 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.14 0.00 0.04 0.27 1.41 2007 0.07 0.21 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.14 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.14 0.00 0.04 0.33 1.58

Other food products 2006 0.16 1.03 0.01 0.83 0.09 0.99 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.08 0.02 0.16 2.36 4.35 2007 0.15 1.18 0.01 1.25 0.10 1.35 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.10 0.02 0.18 3.09 4.91

Raw materials 2006 0.03 0.62 0.00 0.06 0.02 0.82 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.07 0.00 0.01 1.65 0.84 2007 0.03 0.65 0.00 0.08 0.03 0.64 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.01 1.64 0.77 Fuels and mining products 2006 0.10 0.61 0.01 0.05 0.76 1.18 0.00 0.19 0.02 0.08 0.01 0.23 6.18 15.75 2007 0.08 0.89 0.01 0.13 0.56 1.17 0.00 0.18 0.01 0.11 0.08 0.06 6.77 17.85

Ores and other minerals 2006 0.04 0.09 0.00 0.02 0.11 0.06 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.01 0.60 0.46 2007 0.02 0.20 0.00 0.03 0.13 0.13 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.07 0.01 0.05 0.76 0.54

Fuels 2006 0.00 0.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.91 9.34 2007 0.00 0.15 0.00 0.08 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.84 11.00

Non-ferrous metals 2006 0.06 0.39 0.01 0.03 0.65 1.08 0.00 0.12 0.01 0.05 0.00 0.03 4.66 5.95 2007 0.06 0.54 0.01 0.02 0.42 1.02 0.00 0.09 0.01 0.04 0.07 0.01 5.17 6.31 Manufactures 2006 52.46 15.25 3.25 1.03 46.08 25.21 0.76 0.24 1.83 0.78 4.28 3.71 196.05 258.30 2007 51.90 16.75 3.53 1.17 48.80 27.90 1.17 0.20 2.04 0.72 4.94 3.90 218.66 282.97

Iron and steel 2006 0.02 0.03 0.00 0.01 0.03 0.29 0.00 0.07 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 2.31 3.22 2007 0.02 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.38 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 2.54 3.61

Chemicals 2006 0.21 2.10 0.02 0.05 0.12 3.50 0.01 0.01 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.57 15.14 13.76 2007 0.22 2.24 0.02 0.05 0.15 3.91 0.01 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.56 16.58 14.60

Pharmaceuticals 2006 0.01 0.13 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.70 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.93 0.39 2007 0.02 0.14 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.96 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.17 0.44

Other chemicals 2006 0.20 1.98 0.01 0.04 0.11 2.80 0.01 0.01 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.57 14.21 13.37 2007 0.21 2.09 0.01 0.04 0.14 2.95 0.01 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.56 15.41 14.16

Other semi-manufactures 2006 2.74 1.61 0.07 0.48 2.57 3.55 0.03 0.10 0.08 0.34 1.29 2.13 9.77 14.42 2007 2.75 1.76 0.08 0.46 2.80 3.78 0.06 0.09 0.08 0.29 1.41 2.15 10.92 15.40 Machinery and transport equipment 2006 19.18 8.89 1.70 0.45 20.17 10.87 0.40 0.04 0.73 0.37 1.57 0.84 129.74 158.90 2007 18.32 9.48 1.94 0.61 20.08 10.85 0.58 0.04 0.94 0.35 2.03 0.95 145.46 175.46

Office and telecom equipment 2006 12.88 6.00 1.36 0.38 13.97 4.32 0.32 0.03 0.50 0.24 1.01 0.46 94.63 118.16 2007 12.56 6.29 1.55 0.53 13.74 3.89 0.51 0.03 0.70 0.25 1.29 0.32 106.05 130.88

EDP and office equipment 2006 3.97 2.12 0.29 0.22 4.69 1.20 0.12 0.00 0.15 0.01 0.32 0.09 31.04 33.05 2007 3.12 1.93 0.28 0.07 3.29 1.03 0.18 0.00 0.12 0.01 0.42 0.04 27.31 30.04 Telecommunications equipment 2006 8.06 1.14 1.03 0.04 8.39 1.65 0.19 0.01 0.34 0.04 0.66 0.32 27.55 39.96 2007 8.32 1.22 1.09 0.04 9.33 1.39 0.30 0.01 0.56 0.03 0.82 0.24 34.29 45.34 Integrated circuits 2006 0.85 2.74 0.05 0.11 0.89 1.48 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.19 0.03 0.05 36.04 45.16 2007 1.13 3.14 0.18 0.42 1.12 1.48 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.21 0.06 0.04 44.44 55.50

Transport equipment 2006 0.22 0.54 0.01 0.00 0.22 1.76 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.05 0.02 0.09 1.80 1.97 2007 0.24 0.93 0.01 0.00 0.24 1.85 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.03 0.01 0.13 1.89 2.35

Automotive products 2006 0.07 0.16 0.00 0.00 0.05 1.09 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.05 0.00 0.08 1.16 1.00 2007 0.11 0.18 0.00 0.00 0.06 1.30 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.03 0.00 0.12 1.27 1.16 Other transport equipment 2006 0.15 0.38 0.01 0.00 0.17 0.67 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.64 0.97 2007 0.13 0.75 0.01 0.00 0.18 0.55 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.62 1.20

Other machinery 2006 6.08 2.35 0.33 0.07 5.98 4.79 0.07 0.01 0.22 0.08 0.55 0.29 33.32 38.77 2007 5.52 2.26 0.38 0.08 6.10 5.11 0.08 0.01 0.23 0.07 0.72 0.50 37.53 42.22

Power generating machinery 2006 0.38 0.31 0.02 0.00 0.44 1.22 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.07 0.29 0.23 2.59 2.79 2007 0.34 0.35 0.02 0.00 0.52 1.25 0.01 0.00 0.06 0.06 0.44 0.40 2.77 3.11 Non-electrical machinery 2006 0.81 0.67 0.06 0.00 0.61 1.90 0.01 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.08 0.02 7.78 8.01 2007 0.75 0.62 0.08 0.01 0.73 2.07 0.01 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.08 0.02 8.34 8.26 Electrical machinery 2006 4.89 1.37 0.25 0.06 4.93 1.67 0.06 0.00 0.09 0.01 0.17 0.05 22.95 27.98 2007 4.43 1.29 0.27 0.07 4.85 1.80 0.06 0.01 0.11 0.01 0.20 0.08 26.42 30.85

Textiles 2006 0.37 0.24 0.23 0.01 0.23 1.12 0.01 0.00 0.28 0.00 0.21 0.01 12.58 12.58 2007 0.31 0.23 0.16 0.01 0.20 1.16 0.01 0.00 0.28 0.00 0.19 0.01 12.26 12.14

Clothing 2006 11.78 0.10 0.30 0.01 9.57 0.90 0.08 0.00 0.28 0.01 0.38 0.00 6.01 17.84 2007 11.86 0.09 0.31 0.01 10.12 1.11 0.10 0.00 0.28 0.01 0.41 0.00 5.67 17.93

Other manufactures 2006 18.16 2.28 0.94 0.02 13.39 4.97 0.24 0.02 0.41 0.01 0.78 0.15 20.51 37.58 2007 18.41 2.91 1.01 0.03 15.43 6.71 0.41 0.02 0.42 0.01 0.86 0.22 25.24 43.83

Personal and household goods 2006 5.23 0.11 0.26 0.01 2.81 0.97 0.04 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.11 0.00 3.07 8.83 2007 5.06 0.12 0.26 0.02 2.98 1.29 0.05 0.00 0.09 0.00 0.12 0.00 3.29 8.79 Scientific and controlling 2006 0.77 0.74 0.02 0.00 0.72 0.67 0.02 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.02 0.04 3.86 4.99 instruments 2007 0.73 0.80 0.02 0.00 0.80 0.81 0.09 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.03 0.06 4.80 5.81 Miscellaneous manufactures 2006 12.16 1.42 0.67 0.01 9.85 3.33 0.18 0.02 0.30 0.00 0.65 0.11 13.57 23.75

2007 12.62 1.99 0.73 0.01 11.65 4.61 0.27 0.02 0.31 0.01 0.71 0.16 17.15 29.23 Total merchandise a 2006 52.87 17.77 3.28 2.07 50.37 28.43 0.76 0.46 1.90 1.15 4.37 4.15 209.06 281.71 2007 52.35 19.76 3.55 2.74 51.73 31.37 1.17 0.42 2.08 1.42 5.08 4.20 233.28 310.21

CIS Africa Middle East Asia

Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2006-2007 - Hong Kong, China

North America EuropeSouth & Central

America

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Table A23 (continued)

(Billion dollars)

exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp

Agricultural products 2006 2.75 2.64 0.11 1.84 0.18 1.38 0.09 0.68 0.35 0.25 0.11 0.22 4.69 11.90 2007 3.28 2.83 0.13 2.01 0.17 1.57 0.08 0.79 0.28 0.23 0.12 0.25 5.48 13.43

Food 2006 1.23 2.43 0.09 1.03 0.16 0.99 0.06 0.57 0.33 0.15 0.10 0.19 2.99 9.47 2007 1.78 2.62 0.10 1.38 0.16 1.12 0.05 0.67 0.26 0.16 0.11 0.23 3.78 11.19

Fish 2006 0.14 0.25 0.00 0.07 0.05 0.08 0.02 0.30 0.03 0.06 0.02 0.05 0.34 2.03 2007 0.17 0.26 0.00 0.07 0.05 0.09 0.02 0.37 0.04 0.05 0.02 0.04 0.40 2.22

Other food products 2006 1.09 2.18 0.09 0.96 0.11 0.92 0.04 0.27 0.30 0.10 0.09 0.15 2.65 7.43 2007 1.61 2.36 0.10 1.31 0.11 1.03 0.03 0.30 0.23 0.10 0.09 0.19 3.38 8.97

Raw materials 2006 1.52 0.21 0.02 0.81 0.02 0.39 0.03 0.11 0.02 0.10 0.01 0.02 1.70 2.44 2007 1.50 0.21 0.03 0.63 0.02 0.45 0.03 0.12 0.01 0.07 0.01 0.02 1.70 2.24 Fuels and mining products 2006 5.14 5.14 0.61 0.40 0.10 0.34 0.13 1.19 0.19 0.91 0.04 4.61 7.08 18.09 2007 5.37 5.88 0.45 0.53 0.08 0.48 0.12 1.17 0.36 1.08 0.04 5.57 7.51 20.39

Ores and other minerals 2006 0.37 0.19 0.03 0.06 0.04 0.08 0.03 0.09 0.12 0.01 0.00 0.02 0.75 0.66 2007 0.43 0.22 0.05 0.13 0.02 0.18 0.03 0.13 0.21 0.01 0.00 0.02 0.92 1.03

Fuels 2006 0.68 1.91 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.13 0.00 0.40 0.01 0.40 0.02 4.48 0.92 9.77 2007 0.63 2.53 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.15 0.00 0.24 0.01 0.55 0.00 5.42 0.85 11.34

Non-ferrous metals 2006 4.09 3.04 0.57 0.30 0.06 0.13 0.10 0.70 0.07 0.50 0.02 0.11 5.41 7.65 2007 4.31 3.12 0.40 0.37 0.05 0.16 0.09 0.80 0.14 0.52 0.03 0.12 5.75 8.03 Manufactures 2006 140.85 145.74 43.58 22.10 47.55 14.30 15.27 32.62 6.15 23.92 6.10 16.39 304.75 304.53 2007 158.95 161.68 46.00 23.65 46.99 15.85 15.11 34.86 6.14 24.97 6.30 19.13 331.16 333.62

Iron and steel 2006 2.11 0.92 0.03 0.29 0.02 0.03 0.00 0.99 0.01 0.58 0.00 0.03 2.37 3.64 2007 2.23 1.27 0.02 0.37 0.02 0.04 0.00 1.07 0.02 0.63 0.01 0.05 2.60 4.08

Chemicals 2006 13.47 2.96 0.11 3.16 0.19 1.94 0.20 3.21 0.20 2.56 0.17 1.22 15.59 20.02 2007 14.50 3.52 0.14 3.42 0.20 2.05 0.20 3.46 0.21 2.71 0.17 1.24 17.07 21.42

Pharmaceuticals 2006 0.41 0.13 0.01 0.59 0.01 0.11 0.10 0.06 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.04 0.96 1.22 2007 0.52 0.15 0.01 0.79 0.01 0.13 0.10 0.06 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.05 1.20 1.55

Other chemicals 2006 13.06 2.83 0.10 2.57 0.18 1.82 0.10 3.15 0.19 2.54 0.15 1.19 14.62 18.80 2007 13.98 3.36 0.13 2.63 0.19 1.93 0.10 3.40 0.20 2.69 0.16 1.19 15.86 19.86

Other semi-manufactures 2006 6.50 6.95 2.35 3.35 2.56 1.52 0.59 1.19 0.12 0.42 0.16 0.23 16.55 22.63 2007 6.43 6.81 2.54 3.56 2.57 1.67 0.62 1.26 0.12 0.44 0.18 0.23 18.10 23.94 Machinery and transport equipment 2006 97.06 79.66 19.47 10.30 17.13 8.32 8.01 21.17 4.51 18.12 4.64 14.27 173.49 180.37 2007 110.99 90.04 19.39 10.25 16.13 8.98 8.02 23.11 4.37 18.40 4.63 16.86 189.39 197.74

Office and telecom equipment 2006 71.52 54.15 13.55 4.02 11.53 5.68 5.15 12.70 3.59 15.88 3.40 12.58 124.67 129.59 2007 81.14 61.40 13.36 3.64 11.05 5.95 5.32 14.03 3.58 16.40 3.30 15.08 136.41 142.19

EDP and office equipment 2006 23.22 17.73 4.54 1.17 3.54 2.02 2.05 3.20 0.86 2.86 1.38 2.45 40.58 36.69 2007 21.00 18.54 3.15 1.01 2.78 1.82 1.33 3.30 0.56 1.84 0.82 1.67 34.72 33.11 Telecommunications equipment 2006 18.62 28.13 8.18 1.57 7.22 1.01 2.47 3.92 0.60 1.84 0.89 1.70 46.21 43.15 2007 23.23 32.35 9.13 1.34 7.35 1.09 3.36 4.45 0.68 2.15 1.23 1.80 54.72 48.27 Integrated circuits 2006 29.68 8.29 0.83 1.28 0.77 2.65 0.62 5.58 2.12 11.17 1.12 8.43 37.88 49.75 2007 36.91 10.51 1.07 1.28 0.92 3.03 0.63 6.27 2.34 12.42 1.25 11.60 46.97 60.81

Transport equipment 2006 1.13 0.49 0.19 1.71 0.19 0.52 0.15 0.95 0.05 0.07 0.10 0.25 2.28 4.42 2007 1.15 0.71 0.20 1.81 0.23 0.91 0.17 1.08 0.05 0.08 0.13 0.31 2.43 5.30

Automotive products 2006 0.88 0.12 0.05 1.09 0.06 0.16 0.03 0.74 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.07 1.29 2.39 2007 0.95 0.15 0.06 1.30 0.11 0.18 0.03 0.85 0.01 0.01 0.03 0.09 1.46 2.80 Other transport equipment 2006 0.25 0.37 0.13 0.61 0.12 0.36 0.12 0.21 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.18 0.99 2.02 2007 0.21 0.56 0.14 0.51 0.12 0.74 0.13 0.23 0.04 0.07 0.09 0.23 0.97 2.50

Other machinery 2006 24.41 25.01 5.73 4.57 5.41 2.13 2.71 7.52 0.88 2.17 1.14 1.45 46.54 46.36 2007 28.70 27.93 5.83 4.81 4.85 2.11 2.53 8.00 0.74 1.91 1.20 1.47 50.55 50.25

Power generating machinery 2006 1.74 1.67 0.42 1.20 0.31 0.26 0.19 0.36 0.04 0.13 0.21 0.34 3.80 4.61 2007 1.80 1.91 0.49 1.18 0.31 0.33 0.19 0.37 0.03 0.10 0.27 0.31 4.16 5.17 Non-electrical machinery 2006 6.41 3.38 0.57 1.75 0.71 0.59 0.34 3.10 0.16 0.47 0.18 0.47 9.41 10.61 2007 6.93 3.56 0.69 1.91 0.65 0.57 0.33 3.21 0.14 0.42 0.22 0.47 10.04 10.98 Electrical machinery 2006 16.26 19.97 4.73 1.61 4.39 1.27 2.18 4.06 0.68 1.57 0.75 0.64 33.33 31.14 2007 19.96 22.46 4.65 1.72 3.89 1.21 2.01 4.42 0.57 1.39 0.71 0.69 36.35 34.10

Textiles 2006 9.74 8.57 0.21 1.04 0.32 0.23 0.07 0.65 0.03 1.46 0.05 0.03 13.91 13.97 2007 9.42 8.25 0.18 1.07 0.26 0.21 0.06 0.63 0.03 1.33 0.03 0.04 13.42 13.56

Clothing 2006 2.08 17.25 9.20 0.84 10.66 0.09 1.79 0.10 0.43 0.04 0.30 0.01 28.39 18.85 2007 1.84 17.35 9.74 1.03 10.76 0.09 1.72 0.13 0.28 0.04 0.31 0.01 28.76 19.15

Other manufactures 2006 9.88 29.43 12.19 3.12 16.68 2.18 4.62 5.32 0.85 0.74 0.78 0.59 54.46 45.03 2007 13.54 34.44 13.99 3.95 17.04 2.81 4.50 5.19 1.10 1.42 0.98 0.70 61.82 53.74

Personal and household goods 2006 0.52 8.53 2.70 0.82 4.81 0.11 1.26 0.06 0.24 0.05 0.12 0.02 11.63 9.93 2007 0.65 8.44 2.86 1.08 4.67 0.12 1.24 0.07 0.22 0.05 0.12 0.02 11.86 10.23 Scientific and controlling 2006 3.01 3.49 0.70 0.61 0.69 0.69 0.28 1.05 0.14 0.17 0.07 0.11 5.43 6.45 instruments 2007 3.73 4.33 0.78 0.74 0.68 0.76 0.37 0.90 0.14 0.21 0.08 0.12 6.49 7.49 Miscellaneous manufactures 2006 6.35 17.41 8.79 1.69 11.18 1.38 3.07 4.21 0.47 0.52 0.59 0.46 37.40 28.65

2007 9.16 21.67 10.35 2.12 11.70 1.93 2.89 4.23 0.74 1.15 0.78 0.56 43.47 36.03 Total merchandise a 2006 149.51 153.66 46.71 24.42 47.88 16.08 15.53 34.72 7.02 25.29 6.35 21.26 322.67 335.75 2007 168.60 170.56 47.59 26.28 47.32 17.98 15.34 37.35 7.13 26.51 6.50 25.39 349.39 370.13

China EU (27)

Note: For sources and methods, see the Metadata.

Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2006-2007 - Hong Kong, China

a Includes unspecified products.b Includes unspecified destinations and origins.

World bUnited States Japan Taipei, Chinese Singapore

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Table A24

(Billion dollars)

dom.exp re-exp. dom.exp re-exp. dom.exp re-exp. dom.exp re-exp. dom.exp re-exp. dom.exp re-exp. dom.exp re-exp.

Agricultural products 2006 0.05 0.20 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.47 3.81 2007 0.05 0.19 0.00 0.01 0.03 0.10 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.55 4.51

Food 2006 0.05 0.17 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.34 2.29 2007 0.05 0.16 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.07 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.38 3.05

Fish 2006 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.27 2007 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.33

Other food products 2006 0.05 0.11 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.33 2.03 2007 0.05 0.10 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.37 2.72

Raw materials 2006 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.13 1.52 2007 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.17 1.46 Fuels and mining products 2006 0.05 0.05 0.01 0.00 0.04 0.72 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.80 5.38 2007 0.04 0.04 0.01 0.00 0.04 0.51 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.90 5.87

Ores and other minerals 2006 0.02 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.36 0.24 2007 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.11 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.45 0.31

Fuels 2006 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.29 0.63 2007 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.27 0.57

Non-ferrous metals 2006 0.02 0.04 0.01 0.00 0.03 0.62 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.15 4.51 2007 0.02 0.04 0.01 0.00 0.03 0.40 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.17 5.00 Manufactures 2006 4.53 47.93 0.07 3.18 3.58 42.50 0.01 0.76 0.07 1.76 0.10 4.18 7.39 188.66 2007 3.20 48.70 0.06 3.47 2.28 46.52 0.02 1.15 0.07 1.98 0.09 4.85 6.54 212.12

Iron and steel 2006 0.02 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.08 2.23 2007 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.10 2.44

Chemicals 2006 0.02 0.19 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.11 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.04 1.17 13.96 2007 0.02 0.21 0.00 0.02 0.01 0.15 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.04 1.34 15.24

Pharmaceuticals 2006 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.74 2007 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.22 0.95

Other chemicals 2006 0.02 0.18 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.10 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.04 0.98 13.23 2007 0.01 0.20 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.14 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.04 1.13 14.28

Other semi-manufactures 2006 0.03 2.71 0.00 0.07 0.02 2.55 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.08 0.01 1.29 0.21 9.56 2007 0.02 2.74 0.00 0.08 0.01 2.79 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.08 0.00 1.41 0.17 10.74 Machinery and transport equipment 2006 0.91 18.27 0.01 1.69 1.20 18.97 0.00 0.40 0.02 0.71 0.02 1.55 2.53 127.21 2007 0.39 17.93 0.02 1.92 0.39 19.69 0.00 0.58 0.01 0.93 0.02 2.01 1.98 143.48

Office and telecom equipment 2006 0.68 12.20 0.01 1.35 0.90 13.07 0.00 0.32 0.01 0.49 0.01 1.00 1.81 92.82 2007 0.28 12.28 0.01 1.54 0.34 13.40 0.00 0.51 0.01 0.69 0.01 1.28 1.36 104.69

EDP and office equipment 2006 0.64 3.34 0.01 0.28 0.81 3.88 0.00 0.12 0.01 0.13 0.01 0.32 1.03 30.01 2007 0.02 3.10 0.00 0.28 0.03 3.25 0.00 0.18 0.00 0.12 0.00 0.42 0.31 26.99 Telecommunications equipment 2006 0.01 8.05 0.00 1.03 0.01 8.37 0.00 0.19 0.00 0.34 0.00 0.66 0.08 27.47 2007 0.24 8.08 0.01 1.08 0.24 9.10 0.00 0.30 0.00 0.56 0.00 0.82 0.52 33.77 Integrated circuits 2006 0.04 0.81 0.00 0.05 0.07 0.82 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.03 0.70 35.34 2007 0.02 1.11 0.00 0.18 0.07 1.05 0.00 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.05 0.52 43.92

Transport equipment 2006 0.01 0.20 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.22 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.02 0.00 1.79 2007 0.02 0.22 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.24 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.00 1.89

Automotive products 2006 0.01 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.16 2007 0.02 0.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.27 Other transport equipment 2006 0.00 0.15 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.17 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.64 2007 0.00 0.13 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.18 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.62

Other machinery 2006 0.21 5.87 0.00 0.33 0.30 5.68 0.00 0.07 0.01 0.21 0.01 0.53 0.72 32.59 2007 0.09 5.44 0.00 0.37 0.05 6.06 0.00 0.08 0.00 0.22 0.01 0.71 0.62 36.91

Power generating machinery 2006 0.00 0.38 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.44 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.00 0.29 0.01 2.58 2007 0.00 0.34 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.52 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.44 0.01 2.76 Non-electrical machinery 2006 0.02 0.79 0.00 0.06 0.02 0.59 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.08 0.29 7.49 2007 0.01 0.74 0.00 0.08 0.01 0.72 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.08 0.29 8.04 Electrical machinery 2006 0.19 4.70 0.00 0.24 0.28 4.65 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.09 0.01 0.16 0.43 22.52 2007 0.07 4.36 0.00 0.27 0.04 4.82 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.11 0.01 0.19 0.32 26.10

Textiles 2006 0.02 0.35 0.01 0.22 0.02 0.21 0.00 0.01 0.02 0.26 0.01 0.21 0.46 12.12 2007 0.01 0.30 0.00 0.16 0.01 0.19 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.27 0.00 0.19 0.42 11.84

Clothing 2006 2.86 8.91 0.01 0.29 1.96 7.62 0.00 0.08 0.00 0.27 0.00 0.38 1.88 4.12 2007 2.08 9.77 0.01 0.30 1.40 8.72 0.00 0.10 0.02 0.26 0.00 0.41 1.47 4.20

Other manufactures 2006 0.68 17.48 0.04 0.91 0.39 13.00 0.00 0.23 0.02 0.39 0.06 0.72 1.06 19.45 2007 0.66 17.75 0.02 0.99 0.46 14.96 0.01 0.40 0.02 0.40 0.06 0.79 1.06 24.18

Personal and household goods 2006 0.00 5.23 0.00 0.26 0.01 2.80 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.11 0.01 3.07 2007 0.00 5.06 0.00 0.26 0.00 2.97 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.09 0.00 0.12 0.00 3.28 Scientific and controlling 2006 0.02 0.76 0.00 0.02 0.02 0.71 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.02 0.11 3.75 instruments 2007 0.01 0.73 0.00 0.02 0.01 0.80 0.00 0.09 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.03 0.12 4.68 Miscellaneous manufactures 2006 0.66 11.50 0.04 0.63 0.36 9.49 0.00 0.17 0.02 0.28 0.06 0.59 0.94 12.63

2007 0.65 11.97 0.02 0.70 0.45 11.19 0.01 0.26 0.02 0.29 0.06 0.65 0.93 16.22 Total merchandise a 2006 4.66 48.21 0.09 3.19 6.95 43.42 0.01 0.76 0.13 1.77 0.16 4.21 10.75 198.31 2007 3.39 48.96 0.07 3.48 4.45 47.28 0.02 1.16 0.09 2.00 0.14 4.94 9.93 223.35

South & Central America Europe CIS

Domestic exports and re-exports of merchandise by product, region and major trading partner, 2006-2007 - Hong Kong, China

North America Africa Middle East Asia

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Table A24 (continued)

(Billion dollars)

dom.exp re-exp. dom.exp re-exp. dom.exp re-exp. dom.exp re-exp. dom.exp re-exp. dom.exp re-exp. dom.exp re-exp.

Agricultural products 2006 0.20 2.55 0.03 0.08 0.04 0.14 0.02 0.07 0.01 0.34 0.06 0.05 0.58 4.11 2007 0.27 3.01 0.03 0.10 0.04 0.13 0.01 0.06 0.01 0.27 0.06 0.06 0.66 4.83

Food 2006 0.08 1.16 0.03 0.06 0.04 0.12 0.02 0.04 0.01 0.32 0.06 0.04 0.45 2.54 2007 0.11 1.67 0.03 0.06 0.04 0.12 0.01 0.04 0.01 0.25 0.06 0.05 0.48 3.30

Fish 2006 0.00 0.14 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.02 0.01 0.33 2007 0.00 0.17 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.39

Other food products 2006 0.08 1.01 0.03 0.06 0.04 0.08 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.29 0.06 0.02 0.44 2.21 2007 0.11 1.50 0.03 0.06 0.04 0.07 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.22 0.06 0.03 0.48 2.90

Raw materials 2006 0.12 1.39 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.01 0.13 1.57 2007 0.16 1.34 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.17 1.53 Fuels and mining products 2006 0.57 4.57 0.03 0.58 0.04 0.05 0.02 0.11 0.11 0.08 0.00 0.04 0.91 6.16 2007 0.58 4.79 0.03 0.42 0.04 0.04 0.03 0.10 0.20 0.16 0.01 0.03 1.01 6.50

Ores and other minerals 2006 0.19 0.18 0.01 0.03 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.11 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.40 0.35 2007 0.20 0.23 0.01 0.04 0.02 0.00 0.02 0.01 0.19 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.49 0.43

Fuels 2006 0.28 0.40 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.29 0.63 2007 0.27 0.36 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.27 0.57

Non-ferrous metals 2006 0.10 3.99 0.03 0.55 0.02 0.04 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.02 0.22 5.18 2007 0.12 4.19 0.03 0.38 0.02 0.03 0.01 0.08 0.00 0.14 0.01 0.02 0.24 5.50 Manufactures 2006 4.39 136.46 3.46 40.12 4.18 43.37 0.59 14.68 0.45 5.71 0.47 5.63 15.76 288.99 2007 4.33 154.62 2.12 43.88 2.99 44.00 0.32 14.79 0.30 5.83 0.32 5.98 12.26 318.89

Iron and steel 2006 0.01 2.10 0.00 0.03 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.10 2.28 2007 0.01 2.22 0.00 0.02 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.01 0.12 2.47

Chemicals 2006 0.95 12.52 0.01 0.11 0.02 0.17 0.01 0.19 0.01 0.19 0.07 0.09 1.21 14.38 2007 1.10 13.40 0.01 0.13 0.01 0.19 0.01 0.19 0.01 0.20 0.07 0.10 1.37 15.69

Pharmaceuticals 2006 0.16 0.25 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.02 0.20 0.77 2007 0.18 0.34 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.22 0.98

Other chemicals 2006 0.79 12.27 0.01 0.09 0.02 0.16 0.01 0.09 0.01 0.18 0.07 0.08 1.01 13.61 2007 0.92 13.06 0.00 0.12 0.01 0.18 0.01 0.09 0.01 0.19 0.07 0.09 1.15 14.71

Other semi-manufactures 2006 0.15 6.35 0.02 2.34 0.02 2.53 0.01 0.58 0.01 0.11 0.00 0.16 0.26 16.29 2007 0.12 6.31 0.01 2.53 0.02 2.56 0.01 0.61 0.01 0.11 0.00 0.18 0.21 17.89 Machinery and transport equipment 2006 0.95 96.12 1.19 18.28 0.77 16.36 0.39 7.61 0.12 4.39 0.31 4.33 4.70 168.79 2007 1.09 109.89 0.38 19.01 0.32 15.81 0.15 7.87 0.09 4.28 0.15 4.48 2.81 186.59

Office and telecom equipment 2006 0.62 70.90 0.90 12.66 0.59 10.94 0.31 4.84 0.08 3.50 0.25 3.14 3.42 121.25 2007 0.67 80.47 0.34 13.02 0.22 10.83 0.13 5.19 0.04 3.54 0.14 3.16 2.01 134.40

EDP and office equipment 2006 0.19 23.03 0.81 3.73 0.54 3.00 0.24 1.81 0.02 0.84 0.19 1.19 2.51 38.07 2007 0.26 20.74 0.03 3.12 0.02 2.77 0.01 1.32 0.01 0.55 0.00 0.81 0.38 34.34 Telecommunications equipment 2006 0.06 18.56 0.01 8.17 0.01 7.21 0.00 2.47 0.00 0.60 0.00 0.89 0.11 46.10 2007 0.09 23.15 0.24 8.90 0.19 7.17 0.09 3.27 0.00 0.68 0.11 1.12 1.01 53.71 Integrated circuits 2006 0.37 29.32 0.07 0.76 0.04 0.73 0.07 0.56 0.06 2.06 0.06 1.06 0.81 37.07 2007 0.32 36.59 0.07 1.00 0.02 0.90 0.03 0.60 0.03 2.31 0.02 1.22 0.62 46.35

Transport equipment 2006 0.00 1.13 0.00 0.19 0.01 0.17 0.00 0.15 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.10 0.02 2.26 2007 0.00 1.15 0.00 0.20 0.02 0.20 0.00 0.17 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.13 0.02 2.41

Automotive products 2006 0.00 0.88 0.00 0.05 0.01 0.05 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.02 0.01 1.28 2007 0.00 0.95 0.00 0.06 0.02 0.08 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.03 0.02 1.44 Other transport equipment 2006 0.00 0.25 0.00 0.13 0.00 0.12 0.00 0.12 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.08 0.00 0.98 2007 0.00 0.21 0.00 0.14 0.00 0.12 0.00 0.13 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.09 0.00 0.97

Other machinery 2006 0.32 24.09 0.30 5.44 0.17 5.24 0.08 2.62 0.04 0.84 0.06 1.09 1.26 45.28 2007 0.43 28.27 0.04 5.79 0.08 4.77 0.02 2.51 0.05 0.69 0.01 1.19 0.77 49.78

Power generating machinery 2006 0.01 1.74 0.00 0.42 0.00 0.31 0.00 0.19 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.21 0.01 3.79 2007 0.01 1.79 0.00 0.49 0.00 0.30 0.00 0.19 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.27 0.01 4.15 Non-electrical machinery 2006 0.15 6.26 0.02 0.56 0.02 0.70 0.01 0.32 0.03 0.12 0.01 0.17 0.33 9.08 2007 0.18 6.76 0.01 0.68 0.01 0.64 0.01 0.33 0.04 0.10 0.01 0.21 0.32 9.72 Electrical machinery 2006 0.17 16.09 0.28 4.45 0.15 4.23 0.07 2.11 0.01 0.68 0.05 0.71 0.92 32.41 2007 0.24 19.72 0.04 4.62 0.06 3.82 0.01 2.00 0.01 0.56 0.00 0.71 0.44 35.91

Textiles 2006 0.30 9.44 0.01 0.20 0.02 0.30 0.01 0.05 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.05 0.53 13.38 2007 0.28 9.15 0.01 0.17 0.01 0.25 0.01 0.05 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.03 0.46 12.95

Clothing 2006 1.58 0.50 1.94 7.26 2.69 7.98 0.02 1.77 0.23 0.19 0.01 0.30 6.72 21.67 2007 1.31 0.53 1.37 8.37 1.97 8.79 0.02 1.70 0.11 0.18 0.01 0.30 4.98 23.78

Other manufactures 2006 0.45 9.43 0.29 11.90 0.65 16.03 0.15 4.47 0.07 0.78 0.07 0.71 2.24 52.21 2007 0.42 13.12 0.34 13.65 0.64 16.40 0.13 4.37 0.08 1.02 0.09 0.88 2.30 59.51

Personal and household goods 2006 0.00 0.52 0.01 2.69 0.00 4.81 0.00 1.26 0.00 0.24 0.00 0.12 0.01 11.61 2007 0.00 0.65 0.00 2.86 0.00 4.67 0.00 1.24 0.00 0.22 0.00 0.12 0.01 11.85 Scientific and controlling 2006 0.08 2.93 0.02 0.68 0.01 0.68 0.00 0.28 0.02 0.12 0.00 0.07 0.15 5.28 instruments 2007 0.06 3.67 0.01 0.77 0.01 0.67 0.01 0.37 0.03 0.11 0.00 0.08 0.14 6.35 Miscellaneous manufactures 2006 0.37 5.98 0.27 8.52 0.63 10.54 0.14 2.92 0.05 0.42 0.07 0.52 2.08 35.32

2007 0.36 8.80 0.33 10.03 0.63 11.07 0.13 2.77 0.05 0.69 0.09 0.69 2.15 41.31 Total merchandise a 2006 5.59 143.92 5.89 40.82 4.29 43.59 0.67 14.87 0.89 6.13 0.63 5.73 22.77 299.90 2007 5.61 163.00 3.16 44.44 3.11 44.20 0.38 14.96 0.81 6.31 0.42 6.08 18.11 331.28

Singapore World bEU (27) United States Japan Taipei, Chinese

Note: For sources and methods, see the Metadata.

Domestic exports and re-exports of merchandise by product, region and major trading partner, 2006-2007 - Hong Kong, China

China

a Includes unspecified products.b Includes unspecified destinations and origins.

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Table A25

(Billion dollars)

exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp

Agricultural products 2006 0.87 20.94 0.03 4.98 0.57 8.01 0.04 1.95 0.13 1.43 0.11 0.13 4.69 28.18 2007 0.98 22.62 0.04 5.30 0.69 8.87 0.05 2.13 0.17 1.47 0.16 0.16 5.45 28.39

Food 2006 0.57 17.30 0.02 3.99 0.14 6.43 0.03 1.04 0.04 0.93 0.04 0.11 2.26 22.37 2007 0.64 19.30 0.02 4.21 0.16 7.24 0.04 1.12 0.05 0.99 0.05 0.13 2.63 22.38

Fish 2006 0.19 1.77 0.01 1.07 0.04 1.20 0.01 0.99 0.04 0.36 0.01 0.03 1.06 8.08 2007 0.23 1.68 0.01 1.03 0.04 1.24 0.02 1.02 0.05 0.40 0.01 0.04 1.27 7.35

Other food products 2006 0.39 15.53 0.01 2.92 0.11 5.22 0.02 0.05 0.00 0.57 0.03 0.08 1.20 14.29 2007 0.41 17.63 0.01 3.19 0.12 6.00 0.02 0.09 0.00 0.58 0.04 0.09 1.36 15.03

Raw materials 2006 0.30 3.64 0.01 0.99 0.43 1.58 0.01 0.91 0.09 0.50 0.07 0.02 2.43 5.81 2007 0.34 3.32 0.02 1.09 0.53 1.63 0.01 1.01 0.12 0.49 0.10 0.02 2.82 6.02 Fuels and mining products 2006 2.04 7.09 0.09 9.72 1.23 2.32 0.07 4.43 0.03 10.00 0.28 107.51 16.57 64.95 2007 2.73 7.99 0.22 12.46 1.85 3.32 0.11 8.31 0.07 11.47 0.41 111.90 21.12 72.11

Ores and other minerals 2006 0.20 3.04 0.00 8.04 0.21 0.50 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.65 0.00 0.13 4.04 13.81 2007 0.11 3.64 0.00 10.24 0.27 0.53 0.00 0.09 0.00 0.85 0.01 0.13 4.61 17.60

Fuels 2006 1.16 2.13 0.08 0.28 0.47 0.18 0.04 1.92 0.02 5.39 0.01 106.98 4.09 44.78 2007 1.92 2.19 0.20 0.57 0.72 0.44 0.05 5.39 0.04 5.63 0.05 111.33 6.23 47.19

Non-ferrous metals 2006 0.67 1.92 0.01 1.41 0.55 1.64 0.04 2.45 0.01 3.96 0.27 0.40 8.43 6.35 2007 0.70 2.17 0.02 1.66 0.86 2.35 0.06 2.83 0.03 4.99 0.35 0.43 10.28 7.32 Manufactures 2006 156.65 52.38 11.70 1.37 92.62 55.92 8.11 0.79 8.19 1.77 18.45 1.45 282.23 183.75 2007 155.68 53.32 14.51 1.82 103.95 59.71 12.20 0.91 9.96 1.80 25.15 1.63 310.05 195.14

Iron and steel 2006 3.06 0.19 0.40 0.31 1.18 0.45 0.24 0.54 0.43 0.47 1.78 0.00 22.85 4.55 2007 2.98 0.20 0.46 0.62 1.40 0.50 0.21 0.68 0.50 0.59 1.95 0.00 26.90 5.76

Chemicals 2006 8.03 10.19 0.45 0.52 7.42 16.42 0.09 0.13 0.21 0.15 0.37 0.78 41.27 12.65 2007 8.31 11.11 0.58 0.62 7.95 17.87 0.10 0.12 0.29 0.15 0.49 0.89 47.47 14.76

Pharmaceuticals 2006 1.33 1.92 0.05 0.01 1.17 5.96 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.02 0.02 0.62 0.61 2007 1.16 2.00 0.07 0.00 1.19 6.40 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.03 0.01 0.72 0.73

Other chemicals 2006 6.70 8.27 0.41 0.51 6.26 10.46 0.08 0.13 0.20 0.14 0.35 0.76 40.66 12.04 2007 7.15 9.10 0.51 0.62 6.76 11.47 0.10 0.12 0.27 0.15 0.46 0.88 46.75 14.03

Other semi-manufactures 2006 6.12 2.71 0.52 0.09 4.13 3.34 0.27 0.06 0.52 0.04 1.21 0.18 14.50 16.89 2007 5.99 2.83 0.68 0.09 4.74 3.37 0.38 0.06 0.67 0.05 1.43 0.16 15.92 17.50 Machinery and transport equipment 2006 126.81 28.42 9.82 0.32 70.73 21.20 7.38 0.02 6.75 1.02 14.27 0.23 167.68 90.73 2007 125.81 28.93 12.22 0.35 79.38 23.58 11.33 0.01 8.21 0.90 20.32 0.22 185.32 96.71

Office and telecom equipment 2006 22.85 9.61 0.69 0.24 19.57 2.90 0.31 0.01 0.26 0.01 0.84 0.10 54.97 55.78 2007 21.95 9.00 0.75 0.23 20.15 2.75 0.29 0.01 0.25 0.01 0.89 0.10 58.91 57.69

EDP and office equipment 2006 8.22 2.92 0.09 0.03 7.14 1.18 0.02 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.10 0.06 8.52 22.19 2007 8.28 1.92 0.13 0.02 7.76 1.08 0.02 0.00 0.07 0.00 0.13 0.04 8.48 20.58 Telecommunications equipment 2006 11.17 1.76 0.26 0.00 8.58 0.62 0.29 0.00 0.20 0.00 0.70 0.04 12.43 15.15 2007 10.12 2.68 0.27 0.00 8.49 0.67 0.26 0.00 0.16 0.00 0.72 0.06 13.67 18.48 Integrated circuits 2006 3.45 4.93 0.34 0.21 3.85 1.11 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.01 0.04 0.01 34.02 18.43 2007 3.55 4.41 0.35 0.21 3.90 1.00 0.01 0.00 0.02 0.01 0.04 0.01 36.75 18.63

Transport equipment 2006 74.70 6.91 7.17 0.03 30.26 9.24 6.20 0.00 5.14 0.97 9.91 0.00 33.01 5.17 2007 75.04 7.64 8.98 0.04 34.62 10.47 9.47 0.01 6.36 0.84 13.92 0.00 39.56 6.31

Automotive products 2006 65.09 1.85 5.04 0.01 23.18 7.91 6.09 0.00 4.77 0.96 9.55 0.00 25.33 3.17 2007 65.56 1.70 6.56 0.01 27.49 8.87 9.30 0.00 6.00 0.84 13.51 0.00 30.21 3.93 Other transport equipment 2006 9.61 5.06 2.13 0.03 7.07 1.33 0.11 0.00 0.37 0.02 0.36 0.00 7.68 2.00 2007 9.48 5.94 2.42 0.03 7.13 1.59 0.17 0.01 0.36 0.00 0.41 0.00 9.34 2.38

Other machinery 2006 29.26 11.89 1.96 0.05 20.90 9.06 0.87 0.01 1.35 0.04 3.52 0.12 79.70 29.77 2007 28.83 12.29 2.49 0.08 24.61 10.36 1.57 0.00 1.60 0.05 5.51 0.12 86.86 32.72

Power generating machinery 2006 2.62 4.03 0.23 0.00 1.67 1.15 0.02 0.00 0.11 0.00 0.38 0.00 4.30 1.68 2007 2.83 4.31 0.18 0.00 1.76 1.15 0.03 0.00 0.09 0.00 0.56 0.01 4.88 1.84 Non-electrical machinery 2006 19.54 4.80 1.37 0.04 13.59 5.54 0.76 0.01 1.05 0.04 2.48 0.04 47.13 10.60 2007 18.99 5.21 1.80 0.05 16.80 6.83 1.40 0.00 1.28 0.04 3.94 0.04 52.31 11.89 Electrical machinery 2006 7.09 3.07 0.36 0.01 5.63 2.37 0.09 0.00 0.19 0.00 0.66 0.08 28.28 17.49 2007 7.00 2.77 0.51 0.02 6.05 2.39 0.14 0.00 0.23 0.00 1.01 0.07 29.67 18.98

Textiles 2006 0.58 0.30 0.03 0.02 0.59 0.76 0.01 0.01 0.04 0.01 0.29 0.03 5.39 5.05 2007 0.58 0.26 0.03 0.01 0.68 0.75 0.01 0.01 0.04 0.01 0.34 0.03 5.43 5.23

Clothing 2006 0.10 0.30 0.00 0.04 0.11 1.75 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.01 0.28 21.70 2007 0.10 0.24 0.00 0.04 0.13 1.74 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.08 0.00 0.01 0.28 21.89

Other manufactures 2006 11.96 10.26 0.47 0.06 8.46 12.01 0.14 0.03 0.24 0.02 0.54 0.22 30.27 32.18 2007 11.90 9.76 0.54 0.07 9.66 11.91 0.16 0.02 0.26 0.02 0.62 0.32 28.72 33.29

Personal and household goods 2006 0.30 0.51 0.02 0.02 0.13 2.81 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.49 9.61 2007 0.34 0.51 0.03 0.03 0.17 2.85 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.55 10.28 Scientific and controlling 2006 4.77 5.98 0.29 0.02 3.39 3.19 0.08 0.01 0.11 0.00 0.18 0.18 10.95 6.45 instruments 2007 4.94 5.46 0.31 0.02 3.99 3.29 0.10 0.00 0.13 0.00 0.24 0.24 10.70 5.35 Miscellaneous manufactures 2006 6.88 3.77 0.17 0.03 4.93 6.01 0.05 0.02 0.11 0.01 0.35 0.04 18.84 16.12

2007 6.63 3.79 0.20 0.02 5.51 5.77 0.06 0.01 0.12 0.01 0.37 0.07 17.48 17.66 Total merchandise a 2006 166.46 81.83 11.99 16.21 100.89 67.06 8.31 7.37 8.46 13.23 19.19 109.14 322.80 284.15 2007 166.43 85.56 14.99 19.64 112.88 72.78 12.52 11.53 10.32 14.77 26.20 113.75 361.53 304.14

AsiaMiddle East

Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2006-2007 - Japan

North America AfricaCISEuropeSouth & Central

America

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Table A25 (continued)

(Billion dollars)

exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp

Agricultural products 2006 1.59 9.16 0.82 15.72 0.53 7.12 0.64 1.34 0.67 1.02 0.05 5.16 6.48 65.62 2007 1.78 8.85 0.91 17.15 0.64 7.86 0.72 1.34 0.77 0.97 0.06 5.32 7.57 68.96

Food 2006 0.43 8.12 0.54 13.96 0.13 5.59 0.39 1.15 0.49 0.82 0.04 4.21 3.15 52.17 2007 0.40 7.91 0.59 15.43 0.15 6.28 0.47 1.11 0.54 0.73 0.04 4.15 3.62 55.38

Fish 2006 0.31 3.15 0.18 1.26 0.04 0.49 0.23 0.57 0.05 0.63 0.01 0.31 1.39 13.53 2007 0.27 2.70 0.21 1.17 0.04 0.45 0.27 0.52 0.06 0.55 0.01 0.30 1.65 12.77

Other food products 2006 0.12 4.97 0.36 12.70 0.10 5.10 0.16 0.58 0.44 0.19 0.03 3.90 1.76 38.64 2007 0.13 5.20 0.38 14.26 0.11 5.83 0.20 0.58 0.48 0.18 0.03 3.86 1.98 42.61

Raw materials 2006 1.16 1.04 0.28 1.77 0.39 1.53 0.25 0.20 0.19 0.21 0.02 0.95 3.33 13.45 2007 1.38 0.94 0.32 1.72 0.49 1.59 0.25 0.24 0.23 0.24 0.02 1.17 3.94 13.58 Fuels and mining products 2006 5.96 5.70 1.98 3.37 1.08 1.85 3.46 4.62 2.41 0.91 0.55 21.78 20.34 206.05 2007 7.74 5.47 2.53 3.96 1.54 2.49 3.96 4.33 2.53 0.79 0.48 24.86 26.58 227.61

Ores and other minerals 2006 2.08 0.71 0.20 1.25 0.17 0.42 1.34 0.27 0.36 0.38 0.01 5.90 4.46 26.22 2007 2.51 0.78 0.11 1.83 0.22 0.47 1.56 0.45 0.25 0.38 0.01 7.15 5.00 33.07

Fuels 2006 1.37 3.01 1.15 1.07 0.47 0.18 1.01 3.56 0.26 0.33 0.50 14.09 5.90 161.69 2007 1.88 2.80 1.75 1.04 0.72 0.38 1.13 2.93 0.32 0.16 0.42 15.49 9.28 172.78

Non-ferrous metals 2006 2.51 1.98 0.63 1.05 0.43 1.25 1.11 0.79 1.79 0.20 0.04 1.78 9.98 18.14 2007 3.35 1.89 0.67 1.09 0.61 1.64 1.26 0.95 1.96 0.25 0.05 2.23 12.30 21.75 Manufactures 2006 80.53 102.65 138.21 49.02 86.84 50.36 44.16 20.69 38.82 16.47 11.26 0.72 586.52 297.44 2007 92.74 112.13 135.96 49.79 98.12 54.07 46.88 20.87 38.72 16.19 12.77 0.89 640.87 314.33

Iron and steel 2006 5.94 1.60 2.04 0.19 0.85 0.43 6.00 1.93 2.17 0.59 0.44 0.02 29.94 6.52 2007 6.52 1.88 1.92 0.18 1.04 0.47 7.16 2.47 2.68 0.61 0.51 0.07 34.40 8.35

Chemicals 2006 12.16 5.16 7.71 9.71 6.91 14.23 9.51 2.23 8.19 1.24 0.43 0.24 57.85 40.83 2007 15.26 6.57 7.97 10.58 7.34 15.65 10.66 2.18 8.73 1.44 0.49 0.25 65.19 45.52

Pharmaceuticals 2006 0.14 0.30 1.31 1.87 1.00 4.98 0.20 0.10 0.09 0.05 0.01 0.05 3.19 8.52 2007 0.19 0.40 1.14 1.95 1.02 5.38 0.23 0.12 0.09 0.04 0.01 0.05 3.19 9.15

Other chemicals 2006 12.02 4.86 6.39 7.84 5.92 9.25 9.31 2.13 8.11 1.20 0.42 0.19 54.66 32.31 2007 15.07 6.18 6.83 8.63 6.33 10.27 10.44 2.06 8.63 1.41 0.48 0.21 62.00 36.38

Other semi-manufactures 2006 3.49 7.73 5.33 2.56 3.86 3.22 2.48 1.41 2.14 0.95 0.58 0.20 27.27 23.31 2007 3.91 8.51 5.25 2.67 4.49 3.24 2.80 1.44 2.14 0.95 0.74 0.23 29.83 24.07 Machinery and transport equipment 2006 48.06 44.54 111.56 26.52 66.44 20.32 20.16 10.64 20.08 11.32 9.40 0.14 411.97 141.95 2007 55.68 49.02 109.39 26.99 75.18 22.64 20.99 11.77 20.38 10.71 10.52 0.22 451.95 150.71

Office and telecom equipment 2006 15.62 25.36 19.36 8.73 19.14 2.85 5.41 7.05 6.22 8.96 0.96 0.02 99.49 68.66 2007 18.36 27.13 18.61 8.13 19.79 2.68 5.84 8.11 5.97 8.27 1.00 0.02 103.19 69.79

EDP and office equipment 2006 3.18 14.42 7.91 2.51 7.09 1.15 0.66 1.12 0.47 1.44 0.27 0.01 24.13 26.38 2007 2.83 14.28 7.78 1.66 7.71 1.05 0.70 1.01 0.32 0.96 0.30 0.01 24.88 23.64 Telecommunications equipment 2006 4.24 8.75 8.34 1.55 8.24 0.60 0.92 1.96 0.56 0.62 0.66 0.01 33.63 17.57 2007 5.40 10.62 7.60 2.28 8.20 0.64 0.90 2.25 0.52 0.93 0.65 0.01 33.70 21.89 Integrated circuits 2006 8.19 2.19 3.11 4.67 3.82 1.10 3.82 3.97 5.19 6.90 0.03 0.00 41.73 24.70 2007 10.13 2.23 3.23 4.19 3.87 0.99 4.24 4.85 5.13 6.37 0.05 0.00 44.62 24.27

Transport equipment 2006 7.10 2.44 65.53 6.31 27.67 9.19 1.96 0.60 2.30 0.56 6.75 0.04 174.90 22.34 2007 9.05 3.01 65.11 7.02 32.18 10.40 2.37 0.68 2.07 0.57 7.64 0.13 197.28 25.31

Automotive products 2006 5.52 1.30 56.91 1.50 21.30 7.89 1.44 0.45 1.48 0.24 6.32 0.04 139.16 13.90 2007 7.46 1.68 56.57 1.32 25.25 8.85 1.70 0.49 1.38 0.22 7.14 0.05 158.76 15.36 Other transport equipment 2006 1.57 1.15 8.62 4.81 6.38 1.30 0.52 0.15 0.82 0.32 0.43 0.01 35.74 8.44 2007 1.59 1.33 8.55 5.70 6.93 1.55 0.67 0.19 0.69 0.35 0.50 0.09 38.52 9.95

Other machinery 2006 25.34 16.73 26.67 11.48 19.63 8.28 12.79 2.99 11.56 1.80 1.69 0.09 137.58 50.95 2007 28.28 18.88 25.67 11.85 23.21 9.56 12.78 2.98 12.34 1.88 1.88 0.06 151.47 55.61

Power generating machinery 2006 1.55 1.01 2.47 3.97 1.62 1.10 0.80 0.23 0.51 0.06 0.11 0.00 9.34 6.87 2007 1.65 1.11 2.68 4.23 1.71 1.12 0.61 0.25 0.57 0.07 0.09 0.00 10.35 7.31 Non-electrical machinery 2006 13.97 5.40 17.96 4.64 12.68 4.96 8.14 1.90 7.68 0.89 1.34 0.05 85.92 21.06 2007 15.29 6.33 16.90 5.02 15.78 6.21 8.51 1.94 8.78 0.91 1.54 0.04 96.52 24.07 Electrical machinery 2006 9.81 10.32 6.24 2.88 5.33 2.22 3.85 0.85 3.38 0.86 0.24 0.04 42.32 23.03 2007 11.34 11.44 6.09 2.60 5.73 2.24 3.66 0.78 3.00 0.90 0.25 0.02 44.60 24.23

Textiles 2006 3.03 3.35 0.53 0.28 0.55 0.70 0.33 0.33 0.22 0.33 0.02 0.01 6.93 6.18 2007 3.01 3.44 0.54 0.25 0.63 0.69 0.35 0.32 0.21 0.36 0.02 0.01 7.11 6.30

Clothing 2006 0.06 19.56 0.09 0.26 0.10 1.66 0.05 0.35 0.08 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.49 23.87 2007 0.05 19.79 0.09 0.20 0.13 1.65 0.05 0.26 0.07 0.06 0.01 0.00 0.52 24.00

Other manufactures 2006 7.80 20.71 10.95 9.50 8.12 9.80 5.63 3.81 5.93 1.99 0.37 0.10 52.08 54.78 2007 8.30 22.90 10.79 8.91 9.31 9.73 4.87 2.44 4.50 2.06 0.47 0.11 51.88 55.38

Personal and household goods 2006 0.21 7.53 0.25 0.28 0.13 2.76 0.04 0.10 0.04 0.31 0.01 0.00 0.97 12.97 2007 0.22 8.19 0.26 0.23 0.15 2.79 0.04 0.08 0.05 0.29 0.01 0.00 1.11 13.69 Scientific and controlling 2006 3.51 2.07 4.38 5.62 3.26 2.96 2.33 2.94 1.62 0.29 0.10 0.06 19.77 15.82 instruments 2007 3.65 2.08 4.50 5.05 3.85 3.06 2.00 1.66 1.65 0.32 0.14 0.07 20.40 14.36 Miscellaneous manufactures 2006 4.08 11.10 6.32 3.59 4.73 4.08 3.26 0.78 4.27 1.40 0.26 0.04 31.33 25.99

2007 4.43 12.63 6.02 3.62 5.31 3.87 2.82 0.70 2.80 1.46 0.32 0.04 30.37 27.33 Total merchandise a 2006 92.77 118.53 147.20 69.38 94.21 60.07 50.27 27.33 44.10 20.34 12.49 27.93 646.73 579.06 2007 109.27 127.92 145.62 72.41 105.66 65.21 54.33 27.31 44.89 19.86 14.20 31.25 714.33 622.24

World bAustralia

Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2006-2007 - Japan

United States EU (27)Korea, Rep. of Taipei, Chinese

Note: For sources and methods, see the Metadata.

China

a Includes unspecified products.b Includes unspecified destinations and origins.

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Table A26

(Billion dollars)

exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp

Agricultural products 2006 0.73 4.83 0.10 1.71 0.36 1.85 0.29 0.71 0.07 0.17 0.28 0.07 3.50 9.23 2007 0.78 5.76 0.12 2.14 0.52 2.19 0.35 0.76 0.11 0.22 0.34 0.08 4.09 10.89

Food 2006 0.37 3.14 0.01 1.35 0.10 1.50 0.24 0.40 0.01 0.13 0.21 0.05 2.02 6.48 2007 0.40 3.84 0.02 1.65 0.15 1.76 0.29 0.43 0.02 0.15 0.22 0.07 2.23 7.89

Fish 2006 0.08 0.19 0.00 0.11 0.06 0.14 0.01 0.35 0.01 0.03 0.00 0.02 0.76 1.83 2007 0.08 0.19 0.01 0.12 0.11 0.17 0.01 0.42 0.01 0.04 0.00 0.03 0.83 1.99

Other food products 2006 0.30 2.95 0.01 1.24 0.04 1.36 0.24 0.05 0.01 0.10 0.21 0.03 1.26 4.65 2007 0.32 3.66 0.01 1.53 0.05 1.59 0.28 0.01 0.01 0.11 0.22 0.04 1.39 5.90

Raw materials 2006 0.36 1.69 0.09 0.36 0.26 0.36 0.05 0.31 0.06 0.05 0.07 0.02 1.48 2.75 2007 0.37 1.91 0.10 0.49 0.37 0.43 0.06 0.33 0.09 0.07 0.11 0.01 1.87 3.00 Fuels and mining products 2006 3.43 4.26 0.68 5.39 0.80 1.26 0.09 3.22 0.50 5.13 0.31 59.56 22.95 32.85 2007 4.52 5.30 1.87 6.20 1.39 2.30 0.09 5.46 0.33 5.27 0.53 64.00 24.94 37.99

Ores and other minerals 2006 0.03 1.86 0.00 3.48 0.08 0.52 0.00 0.34 0.00 0.49 0.00 0.17 0.84 6.81 2007 0.01 2.94 0.00 3.97 0.11 0.96 0.00 0.36 0.00 0.55 0.00 0.26 1.08 8.22

Fuels 2006 3.13 1.43 0.66 0.32 0.60 0.11 0.07 1.57 0.44 3.47 0.06 59.12 15.74 20.67 2007 4.19 1.57 1.85 0.30 1.08 0.46 0.08 4.03 0.24 3.14 0.24 63.50 16.80 23.46

Non-ferrous metals 2006 0.27 0.97 0.02 1.59 0.11 0.63 0.01 1.31 0.06 1.16 0.25 0.28 6.37 5.37 2007 0.31 0.80 0.02 1.93 0.19 0.88 0.01 1.07 0.09 1.57 0.28 0.24 7.07 6.31 Manufactures 2006 50.15 28.40 10.33 1.47 52.82 29.12 6.87 1.07 6.15 0.44 11.61 1.52 146.75 115.34 2007 53.03 30.20 11.81 1.50 59.60 35.46 10.87 1.72 8.32 0.57 15.77 1.71 165.25 134.65

Iron and steel 2006 2.75 0.20 0.31 0.76 1.38 1.10 0.09 0.58 0.20 0.24 1.60 0.01 9.49 13.00 2007 2.46 0.36 0.41 0.79 2.53 1.44 0.18 0.99 0.24 0.34 2.02 0.01 10.96 17.51

Chemicals 2006 2.30 4.66 0.95 0.31 2.02 5.61 0.96 0.26 0.92 0.04 0.91 0.99 23.74 15.71 2007 2.40 5.62 0.98 0.36 2.69 6.59 1.15 0.37 1.32 0.04 1.30 1.01 27.70 18.34

Pharmaceuticals 2006 0.07 0.44 0.04 0.01 0.10 1.57 0.01 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.31 0.54 2007 0.13 0.59 0.07 0.01 0.13 1.83 0.01 0.00 0.08 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.36 0.70

Other chemicals 2006 2.23 4.22 0.91 0.30 1.92 4.04 0.95 0.25 0.88 0.03 0.88 0.99 23.43 15.17 2007 2.27 5.03 0.91 0.35 2.56 4.75 1.14 0.37 1.24 0.04 1.26 1.01 27.34 17.64

Other semi-manufactures 2006 3.02 1.27 0.35 0.10 2.00 1.91 0.60 0.04 0.40 0.06 1.15 0.05 5.99 7.73 2007 3.09 1.62 0.37 0.13 2.29 2.29 0.27 0.02 0.70 0.07 1.39 0.06 6.76 9.34 Machinery and transport equipment 2006 36.57 17.72 7.81 0.27 41.38 14.62 4.82 0.15 4.35 0.07 6.87 0.34 85.17 59.34 2007 37.78 17.98 8.90 0.17 44.90 20.01 8.79 0.12 5.74 0.08 9.74 0.48 95.18 68.43

Office and telecom equipment 2006 13.92 7.53 2.38 0.08 14.85 2.40 0.45 0.04 0.62 0.03 1.10 0.21 50.35 30.00 2007 14.65 6.56 2.03 0.11 16.79 2.70 1.23 0.02 0.70 0.03 1.08 0.37 56.22 35.83

EDP and office equipment 2006 3.12 0.71 0.32 0.03 3.11 0.49 0.03 0.00 0.04 0.00 0.15 0.01 11.11 6.79 2007 3.36 0.74 0.29 0.00 3.56 0.59 0.06 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.11 0.02 12.29 7.53 Telecommunications equipment 2006 8.72 1.26 1.76 0.00 10.58 0.68 0.38 0.02 0.57 0.01 0.90 0.06 14.40 5.51 2007 9.68 1.18 1.55 0.01 11.51 0.72 1.14 0.01 0.65 0.00 0.95 0.05 14.75 6.27 Integrated circuits 2006 2.08 5.57 0.30 0.04 1.15 1.23 0.05 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.06 0.14 24.84 17.70 2007 1.61 4.64 0.20 0.10 1.71 1.40 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.03 0.02 0.30 29.17 22.03

Transport equipment 2006 15.20 3.26 4.33 0.14 20.39 3.35 3.63 0.07 2.95 0.02 3.27 0.04 11.52 3.58 2007 15.38 3.40 5.65 0.02 21.15 4.42 6.46 0.05 4.12 0.02 4.72 0.02 15.81 5.45

Automotive products 2006 13.25 0.61 2.63 0.06 11.97 2.35 3.20 0.00 1.91 0.00 2.88 0.02 7.08 2.16 2007 13.16 0.77 4.05 0.02 12.37 3.05 5.82 0.00 2.44 0.01 3.88 0.00 7.60 2.83 Other transport equipment 2006 1.95 2.65 1.70 0.08 8.41 1.00 0.43 0.07 1.03 0.01 0.39 0.02 4.44 1.42 2007 2.22 2.63 1.60 0.01 8.78 1.37 0.64 0.05 1.68 0.02 0.84 0.02 8.20 2.62

Other machinery 2006 7.44 6.92 1.10 0.05 6.15 8.87 0.74 0.04 0.78 0.02 2.50 0.09 23.29 25.76 2007 7.75 8.02 1.23 0.04 6.97 12.89 1.10 0.05 0.91 0.03 3.94 0.09 23.15 27.15

Power generating machinery 2006 0.51 0.69 0.11 0.00 0.14 0.65 0.00 0.01 0.04 0.00 0.11 0.00 0.80 1.59 2007 0.57 0.88 0.07 0.00 0.15 0.83 0.01 0.00 0.07 0.00 0.13 0.00 0.83 1.44 Non-electrical machinery 2006 4.00 4.66 0.59 0.04 3.61 6.43 0.47 0.02 0.48 0.01 1.55 0.03 10.01 10.69 2007 4.45 5.64 0.73 0.02 4.76 9.81 0.72 0.04 0.58 0.02 2.41 0.04 11.82 12.07 Electrical machinery 2006 2.93 1.57 0.40 0.01 2.40 1.79 0.26 0.01 0.26 0.01 0.83 0.06 12.48 13.48 2007 2.73 1.50 0.43 0.01 2.06 2.24 0.37 0.01 0.26 0.01 1.40 0.05 10.50 13.64

Textiles 2006 1.15 0.17 0.68 0.01 0.99 0.47 0.20 0.02 0.17 0.00 0.72 0.01 6.18 3.22 2007 1.09 0.19 0.68 0.01 1.13 0.46 0.22 0.02 0.16 0.01 0.80 0.01 6.27 3.45

Clothing 2006 0.90 0.07 0.03 0.01 0.24 0.41 0.03 0.00 0.03 0.01 0.04 0.00 0.92 3.24 2007 0.65 0.09 0.02 0.01 0.29 0.48 0.02 0.00 0.04 0.02 0.03 0.00 0.86 3.71

Other manufactures 2006 3.46 4.31 0.20 0.02 4.80 5.01 0.18 0.03 0.09 0.02 0.32 0.13 15.26 13.10 2007 5.56 4.34 0.43 0.02 5.77 4.19 0.24 0.20 0.12 0.01 0.51 0.13 17.52 13.86

Personal and household goods 2006 0.16 0.09 0.03 0.00 0.05 0.44 0.03 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.85 2.15 2007 0.17 0.06 0.04 0.00 0.06 0.59 0.05 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.81 2.61 Scientific and controlling 2006 2.00 2.49 0.07 0.01 3.56 1.90 0.07 0.01 0.02 0.00 0.14 0.11 10.36 3.92 instruments 2007 4.04 2.39 0.29 0.01 4.52 2.01 0.08 0.01 0.03 0.00 0.28 0.10 12.40 3.93 Miscellaneous manufactures 2006 1.30 1.73 0.10 0.01 1.18 2.67 0.09 0.02 0.06 0.01 0.16 0.02 4.05 7.03

2007 1.35 1.89 0.10 0.01 1.19 1.59 0.12 0.19 0.07 0.01 0.20 0.03 4.30 7.31 Total merchandise a 2006 54.37 37.69 11.12 8.58 54.25 32.61 7.25 5.14 6.73 5.74 12.21 61.16 173.85 158.15 2007 58.41 41.66 13.80 9.86 61.57 40.70 11.31 8.01 8.76 6.06 16.65 65.80 195.07 184.42

AsiaEurope CIS Africa Middle East

Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2006-2007 - Korea, Rep. of

North AmericaSouth & Central

America

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Table A26 (continued)

(Billion dollars)

exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp

Agricultural products 2006 0.88 2.94 0.32 1.73 0.64 3.87 1.36 0.65 0.02 0.01 0.14 0.18 5.35 18.58 2007 1.15 3.90 0.48 2.03 0.68 4.70 1.33 0.74 0.02 0.02 0.18 0.19 6.32 22.04

Food 2006 0.29 2.53 0.09 1.39 0.34 2.72 1.14 0.39 0.01 0.01 0.07 0.11 2.99 13.04 2007 0.40 3.42 0.15 1.62 0.37 3.41 1.06 0.48 0.01 0.02 0.08 0.11 3.35 15.79

Fish 2006 0.07 1.02 0.05 0.08 0.07 0.14 0.57 0.22 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.09 0.92 2.66 2007 0.15 1.06 0.10 0.08 0.07 0.13 0.49 0.27 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.08 1.06 2.95

Other food products 2006 0.22 1.51 0.04 1.31 0.27 2.58 0.57 0.17 0.01 0.00 0.07 0.02 2.07 10.38 2007 0.25 2.37 0.04 1.54 0.29 3.28 0.57 0.21 0.01 0.00 0.07 0.03 2.29 12.83

Raw materials 2006 0.59 0.41 0.23 0.34 0.30 1.15 0.22 0.26 0.01 0.00 0.07 0.07 2.36 5.54 2007 0.75 0.48 0.33 0.41 0.32 1.29 0.26 0.26 0.01 0.00 0.10 0.08 2.98 6.25 Fuels and mining products 2006 8.04 5.12 0.78 1.18 3.36 2.76 5.25 3.92 0.08 19.85 1.04 0.31 28.98 111.73 2007 8.65 6.12 1.33 1.97 4.42 3.61 4.95 4.55 0.15 20.50 0.97 0.30 33.82 126.58

Ores and other minerals 2006 0.39 0.64 0.08 0.50 0.02 1.24 0.29 1.74 0.00 0.05 0.06 0.09 0.95 13.66 2007 0.51 0.73 0.11 0.90 0.01 2.25 0.37 2.13 0.00 0.08 0.09 0.13 1.21 17.26

Fuels 2006 5.23 2.19 0.60 0.11 3.12 0.91 4.16 1.00 0.01 19.80 0.19 0.09 20.92 86.71 2007 5.49 2.63 1.06 0.35 4.15 0.96 3.65 1.02 0.05 20.42 0.20 0.05 24.63 96.50

Non-ferrous metals 2006 2.42 2.29 0.10 0.57 0.21 0.61 0.80 1.18 0.07 0.00 0.78 0.12 7.10 11.36 2007 2.65 2.76 0.17 0.73 0.26 0.41 0.94 1.40 0.11 0.00 0.68 0.12 7.98 12.82 Manufactures 2006 60.46 40.49 48.22 26.95 39.28 26.97 19.91 47.27 2.88 0.69 11.75 8.80 290.13 177.61 2007 72.10 52.98 54.25 32.51 40.71 28.69 20.05 50.85 3.85 0.65 11.77 9.47 330.41 206.09

Iron and steel 2006 3.18 5.44 1.25 1.08 2.02 0.18 1.90 6.45 0.41 0.00 0.63 0.49 15.82 15.89 2007 3.03 8.66 2.26 1.40 1.80 0.27 2.41 7.44 0.50 0.00 0.74 0.46 18.80 21.45

Chemicals 2006 13.09 3.17 1.69 5.20 1.80 4.29 2.32 9.60 0.13 0.67 2.21 0.58 31.81 27.57 2007 16.01 4.16 2.17 6.10 1.95 5.26 2.25 10.83 0.17 0.63 2.51 0.85 37.54 32.34

Pharmaceuticals 2006 0.04 0.14 0.09 1.37 0.06 0.39 0.09 0.22 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.01 0.61 2.56 2007 0.04 0.21 0.11 1.59 0.11 0.53 0.10 0.25 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.81 3.15

Other chemicals 2006 13.05 3.03 1.60 3.82 1.75 3.91 2.23 9.38 0.13 0.67 2.19 0.58 31.20 25.02 2007 15.97 3.94 2.06 4.51 1.84 4.73 2.15 10.57 0.17 0.63 2.50 0.84 36.73 29.19

Other semi-manufactures 2006 1.67 3.38 1.81 1.83 2.50 1.20 1.60 2.76 0.38 0.00 0.31 0.25 13.52 11.15 2007 1.74 4.48 2.07 2.13 2.61 1.53 1.58 3.08 0.35 0.00 0.50 0.27 14.89 13.52 Machinery and transport equipment 2006 32.54 19.51 38.08 13.35 28.90 16.96 8.94 21.81 1.66 0.01 7.38 6.25 192.36 92.72 2007 37.78 24.73 41.34 18.29 29.82 17.24 10.14 23.67 2.47 0.01 6.80 6.49 216.74 107.57

Office and telecom equipment 2006 18.53 10.04 14.29 2.35 10.66 7.21 4.80 5.91 0.07 0.00 5.08 4.92 83.67 40.28 2007 22.39 12.78 16.02 2.62 11.61 6.21 6.41 6.96 0.06 0.00 5.56 5.28 92.69 45.62

EDP and office equipment 2006 6.13 4.33 3.02 0.48 2.75 0.66 0.94 0.76 0.01 0.00 0.28 0.37 17.88 8.03 2007 7.59 4.98 3.45 0.57 3.09 0.68 1.03 0.91 0.00 0.00 0.34 0.36 19.71 8.88 Telecommunications equipment 2006 5.82 2.97 10.13 0.66 5.98 1.02 1.18 1.29 0.06 0.00 0.38 0.18 37.30 7.54 2007 7.17 3.64 10.87 0.69 7.02 0.95 1.19 1.17 0.05 0.00 0.39 0.14 40.23 8.24 Integrated circuits 2006 6.58 2.74 1.14 1.21 1.92 5.52 2.68 3.87 0.00 0.00 4.42 4.37 28.49 24.71 2007 7.63 4.17 1.71 1.35 1.49 4.58 4.19 4.88 0.00 0.00 4.83 4.78 32.74 28.49

Transport equipment 2006 3.61 0.63 18.29 3.25 11.95 3.03 0.71 2.35 0.94 0.01 0.58 0.07 66.68 10.68 2007 3.77 1.18 19.03 4.34 11.61 3.27 0.71 3.43 1.15 0.01 0.16 0.20 78.99 13.68

Automotive products 2006 3.27 0.32 10.59 2.34 11.38 0.55 0.45 1.45 0.80 0.00 0.22 0.02 43.06 5.21 2007 3.09 0.61 11.00 3.04 10.96 0.69 0.48 1.76 1.02 0.00 0.08 0.03 49.48 6.68 Other transport equipment 2006 0.34 0.31 7.70 0.91 0.57 2.47 0.25 0.90 0.14 0.01 0.36 0.05 23.62 5.47 2007 0.68 0.57 8.03 1.31 0.65 2.58 0.23 1.68 0.13 0.01 0.08 0.17 29.50 6.99

Other machinery 2006 10.41 8.84 5.50 7.75 6.29 6.73 3.43 13.55 0.65 0.00 1.72 1.25 42.01 41.76 2007 11.62 10.77 6.28 11.32 6.61 7.76 3.03 13.27 1.26 0.00 1.08 1.01 45.06 48.28

Power generating machinery 2006 0.31 0.52 0.14 0.52 0.47 0.67 0.17 0.82 0.02 0.00 0.01 0.01 1.72 2.95 2007 0.28 0.62 0.13 0.73 0.52 0.83 0.21 0.54 0.04 0.00 0.01 0.01 1.84 3.16 Non-electrical machinery 2006 4.42 1.62 3.10 5.55 3.23 4.58 1.74 8.26 0.49 0.00 0.61 0.31 20.71 21.88 2007 5.17 2.29 4.22 8.60 3.70 5.54 1.86 8.83 0.88 0.00 0.63 0.31 25.48 27.64 Electrical machinery 2006 5.68 6.70 2.27 1.68 2.59 1.48 1.52 4.47 0.14 0.00 1.10 0.93 19.58 16.93 2007 6.17 7.86 1.94 1.98 2.39 1.40 0.96 3.89 0.34 0.00 0.44 0.69 17.74 17.48

Textiles 2006 2.27 1.78 0.75 0.43 0.98 0.14 0.34 0.34 0.25 0.00 0.13 0.17 10.11 3.91 2007 2.23 2.01 0.86 0.42 0.92 0.16 0.31 0.35 0.26 0.00 0.11 0.17 10.37 4.14

Clothing 2006 0.40 2.92 0.23 0.38 0.85 0.05 0.34 0.06 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.01 2.18 3.74 2007 0.38 3.36 0.27 0.45 0.60 0.06 0.32 0.06 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.00 1.91 4.32

Other manufactures 2006 7.30 4.29 4.41 4.69 2.23 4.13 4.45 6.26 0.05 0.00 1.07 1.06 24.32 22.63 2007 10.94 5.59 5.30 3.73 3.01 4.16 3.03 5.43 0.10 0.00 1.09 1.23 30.15 22.76

Personal and household goods 2006 0.57 1.80 0.05 0.44 0.14 0.09 0.11 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 1.15 2.70 2007 0.54 2.21 0.05 0.58 0.14 0.06 0.09 0.04 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.01 1.17 3.28 Scientific and controlling 2006 5.19 0.77 3.32 1.72 0.88 2.35 3.32 2.52 0.01 0.00 0.55 0.25 16.22 8.44 instruments 2007 8.58 1.10 4.17 1.80 1.62 2.25 2.05 2.18 0.06 0.00 0.52 0.19 21.64 8.45 Miscellaneous manufactures 2006 1.54 1.72 1.04 2.52 1.21 1.69 1.02 3.70 0.03 0.00 0.51 0.81 6.95 11.49

2007 1.82 2.27 1.08 1.35 1.24 1.84 0.89 3.20 0.03 0.00 0.56 1.03 7.34 11.03 Total merchandise a 2006 69.46 48.56 49.33 30.19 43.32 33.80 26.53 51.93 2.98 20.55 13.00 9.29 325.46 309.38 2007 81.99 63.03 56.08 36.83 45.88 37.39 26.37 56.25 4.03 21.16 13.03 9.97 371.48 356.84

Saudi ArabiaJapanUnited StatesEU (27) World bTaipei, Chinese

Note: For sources and methods, see the Metadata.

Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2006-2007 - Korea, Rep. of

China

a Includes unspecified products.b Includes unspecified destinations and origins.

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Table A27

(Billion dollars)

exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp

Agricultural products 2006 1.04 0.67 0.21 0.97 3.09 0.64 0.31 0.02 0.97 0.35 0.91 0.03 9.03 5.82 2007 1.41 0.98 0.29 1.20 3.70 0.84 0.49 0.01 1.57 0.34 1.17 0.03 11.86 7.21

Food 2006 0.81 0.54 0.12 0.86 1.96 0.50 0.23 0.01 0.87 0.32 0.73 0.03 6.43 4.58 2007 1.19 0.82 0.19 1.07 2.57 0.69 0.45 0.00 1.46 0.29 1.01 0.02 9.32 5.65

Fish 2006 0.16 0.02 0.00 0.01 0.17 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.28 0.48 2007 0.19 0.03 0.00 0.01 0.18 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.34 0.54

Other food products 2006 0.65 0.52 0.12 0.85 1.79 0.49 0.23 0.01 0.87 0.31 0.73 0.02 6.15 4.10 2007 1.00 0.80 0.19 1.06 2.38 0.67 0.45 0.00 1.45 0.28 1.00 0.02 8.98 5.11

Raw materials 2006 0.23 0.13 0.09 0.11 1.13 0.13 0.08 0.01 0.09 0.03 0.18 0.01 2.60 1.24 2007 0.22 0.16 0.10 0.13 1.13 0.15 0.04 0.01 0.11 0.05 0.16 0.01 2.54 1.56 Fuels and mining products 2006 0.46 0.66 0.01 0.30 0.16 0.43 0.00 0.06 0.13 0.49 0.24 4.93 23.20 10.78 2007 0.45 0.85 0.01 0.38 0.42 0.71 0.00 0.05 0.07 0.89 0.22 4.40 26.73 13.42

Ores and other minerals 2006 0.02 0.43 0.00 0.16 0.01 0.17 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.14 0.00 0.11 0.25 0.61 2007 0.01 0.57 0.00 0.21 0.02 0.36 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.27 0.00 0.16 0.35 0.80

Fuels 2006 0.30 0.11 0.00 0.09 0.08 0.05 0.00 0.01 0.08 0.13 0.13 4.67 21.48 6.69 2007 0.30 0.11 0.00 0.08 0.30 0.07 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.54 0.05 4.08 24.44 8.00

Non-ferrous metals 2006 0.14 0.12 0.00 0.06 0.08 0.21 0.00 0.05 0.05 0.22 0.12 0.15 1.47 3.48 2007 0.14 0.16 0.00 0.10 0.10 0.28 0.00 0.03 0.06 0.09 0.16 0.16 1.94 4.62 Manufactures 2006 30.39 15.64 0.96 0.69 17.89 14.21 0.39 0.23 1.05 0.26 3.12 0.41 64.05 69.48 2007 27.57 14.73 1.17 0.78 19.61 16.34 0.48 0.33 1.28 0.26 3.99 0.53 70.85 77.34

Iron and steel 2006 0.41 0.08 0.02 0.11 0.21 0.66 0.10 0.05 0.03 0.15 0.20 0.00 1.57 3.58 2007 0.19 0.19 0.01 0.17 0.32 0.67 0.00 0.08 0.08 0.16 0.18 0.01 2.26 4.72

Chemicals 2006 0.33 1.13 0.05 0.03 0.56 1.72 0.05 0.16 0.14 0.04 0.16 0.36 7.46 6.79 2007 0.43 1.28 0.07 0.03 0.87 1.89 0.06 0.23 0.22 0.04 0.21 0.46 8.75 8.14

Pharmaceuticals 2006 0.01 0.07 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.39 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.11 0.27 2007 0.00 0.07 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.47 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.16 0.32

Other chemicals 2006 0.32 1.06 0.05 0.03 0.55 1.32 0.05 0.16 0.14 0.04 0.16 0.36 7.35 6.52 2007 0.42 1.20 0.07 0.03 0.85 1.42 0.06 0.23 0.21 0.04 0.20 0.45 8.58 7.82

Other semi-manufactures 2006 0.67 0.57 0.05 0.05 0.72 0.79 0.02 0.01 0.15 0.01 0.39 0.01 5.28 3.85 2007 0.64 0.74 0.07 0.05 0.97 0.81 0.02 0.01 0.20 0.01 0.55 0.01 5.97 4.32 Machinery and transport equipment 2006 25.43 12.36 0.58 0.49 13.49 9.83 0.18 0.01 0.50 0.06 1.21 0.02 43.03 49.55 2007 22.64 11.19 0.69 0.52 14.09 11.63 0.33 0.01 0.47 0.04 1.59 0.04 46.55 54.39

Office and telecom equipment 2006 22.02 8.53 0.44 0.41 10.93 5.46 0.11 0.00 0.19 0.03 0.59 0.01 33.57 31.55 2007 19.51 7.53 0.48 0.42 10.92 6.43 0.27 0.00 0.19 0.02 0.72 0.00 36.29 33.72

EDP and office equipment 2006 14.04 0.82 0.07 0.00 4.34 0.34 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.00 0.13 0.00 9.32 9.04 2007 11.75 0.86 0.08 0.00 4.71 0.60 0.05 0.00 0.08 0.00 0.14 0.00 10.30 9.35 Telecommunications equipment 2006 4.63 0.26 0.30 0.00 2.82 0.61 0.09 0.00 0.10 0.00 0.43 0.00 6.00 3.68 2007 3.73 0.26 0.32 0.00 2.46 0.63 0.21 0.00 0.08 0.00 0.55 0.00 5.82 4.02 Integrated circuits 2006 3.35 7.45 0.07 0.41 3.77 4.51 0.02 0.00 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.00 18.25 18.83 2007 4.04 6.42 0.07 0.42 3.75 5.20 0.01 0.00 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.00 20.17 20.36

Transport equipment 2006 0.26 1.03 0.03 0.02 0.37 1.50 0.00 0.01 0.13 0.00 0.11 0.01 2.05 3.83 2007 0.32 0.74 0.06 0.03 0.52 1.80 0.00 0.01 0.07 0.00 0.19 0.02 1.98 4.53

Automotive products 2006 0.08 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.12 0.53 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.00 0.08 0.00 0.56 2.65 2007 0.09 0.03 0.01 0.02 0.15 0.56 0.00 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.11 0.00 0.70 2.61 Other transport equipment 2006 0.18 1.01 0.02 0.00 0.25 0.97 0.00 0.01 0.06 0.00 0.04 0.01 1.49 1.18 2007 0.23 0.71 0.05 0.01 0.37 1.24 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.08 0.02 1.28 1.93

Other machinery 2006 3.15 2.80 0.11 0.06 2.19 2.87 0.07 0.00 0.18 0.02 0.50 0.01 7.41 14.17 2007 2.81 2.92 0.14 0.07 2.66 3.40 0.06 0.00 0.21 0.02 0.69 0.02 8.28 16.13

Power generating machinery 2006 0.03 0.45 0.00 0.00 0.05 0.35 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.43 0.92 2007 0.03 0.58 0.00 0.01 0.04 0.36 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.36 1.22 Non-electrical machinery 2006 0.44 1.25 0.06 0.03 0.60 1.76 0.03 0.00 0.11 0.02 0.26 0.01 3.02 4.73 2007 0.47 1.32 0.07 0.03 0.92 2.18 0.01 0.00 0.14 0.01 0.38 0.01 3.48 5.82 Electrical machinery 2006 2.68 1.09 0.05 0.03 1.54 0.76 0.04 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.23 0.00 3.97 8.52 2007 2.31 1.03 0.07 0.02 1.69 0.86 0.05 0.00 0.07 0.01 0.30 0.00 4.44 9.09

Textiles 2006 0.08 0.04 0.05 0.00 0.31 0.07 0.00 0.00 0.07 0.01 0.11 0.01 0.81 0.93 2007 0.07 0.04 0.06 0.00 0.32 0.09 0.00 0.00 0.06 0.01 0.10 0.00 0.86 1.04

Clothing 2006 1.40 0.01 0.10 0.00 0.85 0.02 0.01 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.42 0.33 2007 1.50 0.01 0.14 0.00 0.96 0.02 0.02 0.00 0.05 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.45 0.38

Other manufactures 2006 2.06 1.46 0.11 0.01 1.75 1.12 0.03 0.01 0.14 0.00 1.02 0.01 5.48 4.44 2007 2.11 1.28 0.13 0.01 2.08 1.23 0.05 0.00 0.21 0.00 1.34 0.02 6.01 4.36

Personal and household goods 2006 0.80 0.03 0.05 0.00 0.51 0.18 0.02 0.00 0.07 0.00 0.20 0.00 0.81 0.33 2007 0.78 0.03 0.05 0.00 0.61 0.20 0.03 0.00 0.11 0.00 0.21 0.00 0.96 0.39 Scientific and controlling 2006 0.68 1.17 0.01 0.00 0.45 0.53 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.00 1.68 1.46 instruments 2007 0.76 0.92 0.02 0.00 0.56 0.57 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.06 0.00 1.63 1.41 Miscellaneous manufactures 2006 0.57 0.27 0.05 0.00 0.79 0.41 0.01 0.00 0.06 0.00 0.81 0.01 3.00 2.66

2007 0.57 0.33 0.05 0.00 0.91 0.46 0.02 0.00 0.09 0.00 1.07 0.01 3.41 2.55 Total merchandise a 2006 32.13 17.31 1.20 1.97 21.69 16.38 0.70 0.31 2.19 1.12 4.37 5.45 98.32 88.51 2007 29.68 16.94 1.49 2.37 24.11 19.37 0.98 0.39 2.96 1.51 5.51 5.06 111.40 100.92

Merchandise trade by product, region and major trading partner, 2006-2007 - Malaysia

North AmericaSouth & Central

America Europe CIS Africa Middle East Asia

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Table A27 (continued)

(Billion dollars)

exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp exp imp

Agricultural products 2006 0.96 0.53 1.20 0.27 2.90 0.58 0.86 0.17 2.82 0.72 0.48 1.16 15.57 8.50 2007 1.28 0.78 1.48 0.30 3.40 0.75 1.05 0.21 4.08 0.94 0.57 1.48 20.51 10.61

Food 2006 0.79 0.42 1.12 0.25 1.82 0.46 0.48 0.03 1.70 0.64 0.30 0.63 11.18 6.84 2007 1.13 0.64 1.40 0.27 2.33 0.62 0.71 0.04 3.05 0.85 0.37 0.87 16.20 8.55

Fish 2006 0.16 0.01 0.08 0.01 0.17 0.01 0.06 0.01 0.03 0.12 0.02 0.12 0.62 0.55 2007 0.18 0.02 0.10 0.01 0.18 0.01 0.05 0.01 0.04 0.13 0.02 0.13 0.73 0.62

Other food products 2006 0.63 0.41 1.04 0.25 1.65 0.45 0.42 0.03 1.67 0.51 0.28 0.52 10.55 6.29 2007 0.94 0.62 1.30 0.27 2.14 0.61 0.66 0.03 3.01 0.71 0.35 0.75 15.47 7.93

Raw materials 2006 0.18 0.12 0.08 0.02 1.08 0.13 0.38 0.13 1.12 0.08 0.18 0.52 4.40 1.66 2007 0.16 0.14 0.08 0.03 1.07 0.13 0.34 0.17 1.03 0.09 0.21 0.61 4.31 2.06 Fuels and mining products 2006 0.46 0.59 4.94 4.46 0.16 0.40 4.75 0.99 0.57 0.38 1.78 0.61 24.21 17.64 2007 0.43 0.76 5.22 5.27 0.39 0.67 6.11 1.18 0.77 0.53 1.38 0.36 27.90 20.71

Ores and other minerals 2006 0.02 0.39 0.05 0.09 0.01 0.17 0.05 0.07 0.05 0.06 0.02 0.04 0.28 1.61 2007 0.01 0.53 0.09 0.16 0.02 0.36 0.06 0.03 0.09 0.07 0.02 0.05 0.39 2.39

Fuels 2006 0.30 0.11 4.56 4.25 0.08 0.05 4.58 0.03 0.37 0.06 1.59 0.39 22.06 11.74 2007 0.30 0.11 4.70 4.98 0.27 0.06 5.87 0.03 0.50 0.03 1.12 0.14 25.10 12.88

Non-ferrous metals 2006 0.13 0.09 0.33 0.12 0.07 0.19 0.13 0.89 0.15 0.26 0.17 0.18 1.86 4.28 2007 0.12 0.12 0.43 0.13 0.09 0.25 0.17 1.12 0.18 0.43 0.23 0.17 2.41 5.44 Manufactures 2006 28.55 14.98 17.82 10.07 17.11 13.59 8.44 15.31 8.11 14.42 6.05 5.28 117.91 101.00 2007 25.62 14.04 18.37 10.62 18.68 15.61 8.72 16.63 10.48 16.99 6.59 5.89 125.01 110.68

Iron and steel 2006 0.34 0.07 0.27 0.05 0.21 0.65 0.01 1.59 0.04 0.54 0.54 0.13 2.54 4.62 2007 0.17 0.19 0.39 0.09 0.31 0.65 0.02 1.72 0.05 0.99 0.35 0.20 3.04 5.99

Chemicals 2006 0.30 0.93 0.82 1.60 0.50 1.59 0.82 1.37 1.16 0.82 0.86 0.75 8.76 10.22 2007 0.39 1.04 0.98 1.83 0.77 1.74 0.84 1.54 1.44 1.16 0.99 0.86 10.61 12.07

Pharmaceuticals 2006 0.00 0.06 0.03 0.04 0.01 0.34 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.05 0.01 0.02 0.14 0.74 2007 0.00 0.07 0.04 0.04 0.02 0.40 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.06 0.01 0.02 0.20 0.86

Other chemicals 2006 0.29 0.88 0.79 1.56 0.49 1.24 0.82 1.36 1.16 0.77 0.85 0.73 8.62 9.48 2007 0.38 0.97 0.94 1.79 0.76 1.34 0.83 1.53 1.44 1.10 0.98 0.84 10.41 11.20

Other semi-manufactures 2006 0.59 0.55 0.90 0.53 0.66 0.75 1.50 0.81 0.63 0.67 0.30 0.44 7.28 5.28 2007 0.55 0.72 1.25 0.57 0.88 0.76 1.35 0.83 0.75 0.91 0.37 0.49 8.40 5.94 Machinery and transport equipment 2006 24.08 11.96 14.16 7.07 13.12 9.53 4.86 10.12 5.59 11.00 3.57 3.65 84.44 72.41 2007 21.23 10.81 13.78 7.18 13.70 11.29 5.11 11.42 7.68 12.37 3.91 3.95 86.40 78.18

Office and telecom equipment 2006 20.94 8.31 11.03 5.22 10.70 5.41 3.81 4.78 4.80 7.30 2.37 1.75 67.87 46.06 2007 18.51 7.35 10.59 5.13 10.72 6.39 4.02 4.78 6.75 8.16 2.56 1.81 68.40 48.20

EDP and office equipment 2006 13.53 0.79 2.33 1.38 4.25 0.33 1.01 0.47 1.50 4.03 1.41 0.99 27.98 10.21 2007 11.18 0.83 2.41 1.15 4.63 0.59 0.90 0.43 1.96 4.49 1.65 0.85 27.12 10.81 Telecommunications equipment 2006 4.14 0.25 2.55 0.32 2.73 0.60 1.24 0.78 0.44 1.14 0.17 0.18 14.38 4.56 2007 3.39 0.22 1.79 0.23 2.39 0.62 1.30 0.62 0.53 1.21 0.20 0.18 13.19 4.91 Integrated circuits 2006 3.26 7.27 6.15 3.52 3.71 4.47 1.56 3.54 2.86 2.12 0.79 0.58 25.51 31.30 2007 3.94 6.30 6.39 3.75 3.70 5.17 1.82 3.73 4.26 2.46 0.72 0.79 28.09 32.48

Transport equipment 2006 0.24 1.00 0.78 0.12 0.36 1.48 0.14 1.38 0.06 0.19 0.23 0.83 2.96 6.42 2007 0.30 0.70 0.72 0.16 0.50 1.78 0.16 1.93 0.06 0.22 0.21 1.05 3.14 7.43

Automotive products 2006 0.07 0.01 0.11 0.01 0.12 0.53 0.08 1.24 0.03 0.08 0.12 0.63 0.92 3.22 2007 0.08 0.02 0.13 0.01 0.14 0.56 0.08 1.19 0.02 0.09 0.13 0.86 1.12 3.22 Other transport equipment 2006 0.17 0.98 0.67 0.11 0.24 0.95 0.06 0.14 0.03 0.11 0.11 0.19 2.04 3.20 2007 0.22 0.68 0.59 0.15 0.36 1.22 0.07 0.74 0.04 0.13 0.08 0.19 2.02 4.21

Other machinery 2006 2.90 2.65 2.35 1.73 2.06 2.64 0.91 3.96 0.73 3.52 0.96 1.07 13.61 19.93 2007 2.41 2.75 2.47 1.89 2.49 3.13 0.94 4.71 0.87 3.99 1.14 1.08 14.86 22.55

Power generating machinery 2006 0.02 0.44 0.21 0.06 0.04 0.30 0.03 0.19 0.02 0.26 0.07 0.22 0.51 1.73 2007 0.02 0.57 0.11 0.07 0.04 0.31 0.04 0.38 0.04 0.36 0.07 0.20 0.44 2.17 Non-electrical machinery 2006 0.42 1.21 0.92 0.59 0.56 1.61 0.25 1.74 0.29 0.90 0.40 0.31 4.53 7.80 2007 0.44 1.25 1.00 0.66 0.82 2.00 0.26 2.11 0.33 1.27 0.48 0.40 5.48 9.37 Electrical machinery 2006 2.46 1.00 1.21 1.08 1.47 0.72 0.62 2.03 0.43 2.36 0.49 0.54 8.57 10.40 2007 1.95 0.93 1.36 1.16 1.63 0.81 0.64 2.23 0.49 2.37 0.59 0.48 8.94 11.01

Textiles 2006 0.06 0.04 0.08 0.02 0.16 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.08 0.29 0.04 0.09 1.44 1.06 2007 0.05 0.03 0.09 0.03 0.15 0.07 0.10 0.07 0.10 0.34 0.04 0.10 1.47 1.18

Clothing 2006 1.31 0.00 0.07 0.00 0.79 0.02 0.15 0.01 0.03 0.20 0.03 0.03 2.84 0.36 2007 1.33 0.01 0.06 0.01 0.87 0.02 0.15 0.01 0.02 0.24 0.03 0.03 3.16 0.41

Other manufactures 2006 1.88 1.43 1.53 0.79 1.67 1.00 1.04 1.34 0.58 0.90 0.72 0.20 10.60 7.05 2007 1.90 1.24 1.81 0.92 1.99 1.06 1.15 1.04 0.44 0.97 0.90 0.26 11.94 6.90

Personal and household goods 2006 0.71 0.03 0.13 0.01 0.48 0.17 0.22 0.01 0.04 0.15 0.02 0.03 2.45 0.54 2007 0.68 0.03 0.17 0.02 0.59 0.19 0.25 0.02 0.07 0.20 0.02 0.03 2.76 0.63 Scientific and controlling 2006 0.66 1.15 0.22 0.29 0.44 0.49 0.37 0.49 0.32 0.24 0.27 0.05 2.85 3.16 instruments 2007 0.73 0.89 0.24 0.33 0.54 0.53 0.39 0.46 0.23 0.22 0.31 0.09 3.06 2.91 Miscellaneous manufactures 2006 0.52 0.26 1.17 0.49 0.75 0.33 0.45 0.83 0.22 0.51 0.43 0.12 5.30 3.34

2007 0.49 0.31 1.40 0.57 0.86 0.35 0.51 0.55 0.15 0.55 0.58 0.14 6.12 3.36 Total merchandise a 2006 30.19 16.43 24.76 15.31 20.53 14.94 14.24 17.34 11.64 15.88 8.50 7.17 160.67 131.13 2007 27.55 15.93 25.77 16.83 22.69 17.45 16.09 19.08 15.44 18.90 8.73 7.86 176.21 146.91

b Includes unspecified destinations and origins.Note: For sources and methods, see the Metadata.

Merchandise trade by product, region and