introduction to grammar teaching grammar

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    WEEK 1

    TOPIC 1: INTRODUCTION TO

    GRAMMAR

    TESL 2 / GROUP 6Pavitthra a/p Arulchelvan

    Mohitraa Shakti a/p Sundrarajan

    hairunaj!a "inti a#nan

    "eatrice $u#tina Teo

    %on#tance %hee

    TSL3108

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    &E'()(TO) O'GRAMMARGrammar may be de*ned a# the

    rule# of a language, governing theway in which !ord# are putto+ether to convey meaning indierent context! "NesamalarChitravelu; SararathaSithamparam & The Soo Choon,2005)

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    Grammar i generally a thought to be#et o, rule# #peci,-in+ the correctorderin+ o, !ord# at the entencelevel (Nunan, 2003)

    Grammar i a de#cription o, therule# that +overn ho! alan+ua+e.# #entence# are ,ored(Thornbury, 2008)

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    'LUE)%0 1SA%%URA%0

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    Accurac-

    #ccuracy i the ability to $roduce correctentence uing correct grammar and vocabulary!

    'luenc-

    %luency i the ability to read, $ea&, or writeeaily, moothly, and ex$reively!

    'n other word, the $ea&er can read, undertandand re$ond in a language clearly and conciely

    while relating meaning and context!

    Source;http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/blogs/english12345/fuency-

    or-accuracy-speaking

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    (om$arion of #ccuracy)orientedactivitie * %luency)oriented activitie

    Accurac- acitivitie# 'luenc- activitie#

    +ur$oe to hel$ tudentachieve accurate$erce$tion and$roduction of a targetitem which can be aound, a word, or aentence tructure!

    to hel$ tudent$ractice language inlitening, $ea&ing,reading, andorwriting activitie to odevelo$ -uency inuing the language in$ontaneoucommunication!

    .aterial the text are uuallycom$oed of e$arateitem/ the target

    item are uually$racticed out of

    context or ituation

    the text are uuallywhole $iece ofdicoure/converation, torie,etc! text are uually

    authentic and ued athey would be in real

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    SAMPLE O' A%T(1(T(ES

    Accurac- / grammar $reentation,ga$)2ll exercie, frame dialogue!

    'luenc- / role $lay, $eeche,communicative activitie, game!

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    5oung Learner9!!

    :ierent &ind of grammatical&nowledge at dierent learning

    tage!4nly under#tand rule# to ue

    them!

    :o not need to have conciougrammar &nowledge!

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    ;ind of grammar

    &nowledgere

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    1= ;nowledge of >ord 4rder

    ?aic entence $attern!

    +oition of word clae! "[email protected],adverb, $re$oition * word li&e only

    please and!ust. :eclarative A #bu i $laying

    'nterrogative A ' #bu $layingB

    'm$erative A #bu, $lay! xclamatory A #bu i $layingC

    +oitive * 7egative verion A #bu i not$laying! 'nDt #bu $layingB #bu, donDt $layC

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    E= ;nowledge ofGrammatical %act * ule

    #cce$ted and learnt a a wholecollocation!

    #rticle " a, an, the =

    'n-ection of verb " eat, eat, haeaten, ate =

    +luraliFation of noun " box)boxe,boy)boy =

    >ord derivation " [email protected]) happyadverb)happily noun)happiness=

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    3= ;nowledge of %orm *%unction

    %unctionof language A tocommunicateto $eruade, toex$re agreement, than&,

    a$$reciation * to a& for and giveinformation!

    %ormA >ord, $hrae and

    entence that are ued to ex$rethoe function of language!

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    ;nowledge of %orm *%unction

    Lan+ua+e ,unction Lan+ua+e ,or

    To introduce1= enny, meet my friend, Lim!E= enny, thi i Lim!3= ' would li&e you to meet my

    iter, #my!

    To a& fordirection

    1= How do ' get to the $olicetationB

    E= (an you how me the wayto the $olice tationB3= :o you mind telling me how

    to get to the $olice tationB

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    ;nowledge of %orm *%unction

    'or 'unction

    't i warm in here!

    1=x$reing $leaure atbeing out of cold!

    E='ndicating thatomeone hould doomething! xam$le /witch on the fan oro$en the window!

    3=ut ma&ing a remar&about the $lace a amean of tarting u$ aconveration!

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    I= ;nowledge of How to Lin& 'deain :ierent Sentence A "Sentence

    combining=

    Lin&ing idea to ma&e coherent andcoheive text!

    (om$ound entence A He i handome buthi brother i not!

    (om$lex entence A The match went on

    although it wa raining! ([email protected] A an" or but

    Logical connector A so unless there#ore

    +ronoun A $ they hi% %y its

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    K= ;nowledge of the meaning ofdierent grammatical o$tion

    Sentence formed to ex$re the amecontent contain dierent form which havedierent meaning!

    xam$le of ame baic idea / omeone"+ary= bought omeone ele ",eter= aomething "a pen= )

    1= .ary bought a $en for +eter!

    E= 't wa .ary who bought +eter a $en!

    3= # $en i what .ary bought for +eter!

    I= 't wa +eter for whom .ary bought the

    $en!

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    The +lace ofGrammar in the

    +rimary SL

    (laroom

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    S6;#T#7 +L###7 ;6';6L6.?S+#:6

    S;4L#H 7:#H A ?#H#S# '7GG'S,E001 Grammar alo form $art of the languagecontent of the yllabu! Thee grammar item

    need to be taught in context and in a meaningful

    way o that they can be ued both in $eech andin writing! The grammar item can be reinforcedand conolidated if learner are encounter theitem often enough through the variou ta&

    et! The grammar item hould not be taught iniolation but rather in the context of a to$ic!

    S46( / "htt$/www!moe!gov!myb$&$h$bi&br$bi&br!$df

    =

    http://www.moe.gov.my/bpk/sp_hsp/bi/kbsr/sp_bi_kbsr.pdfhttp://www.moe.gov.my/bpk/sp_hsp/bi/kbsr/sp_bi_kbsr.pdfhttp://www.moe.gov.my/bpk/sp_hsp/bi/kbsr/sp_bi_kbsr.pdfhttp://www.moe.gov.my/bpk/sp_hsp/bi/kbsr/sp_bi_kbsr.pdf
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    SSR:4;6.7 ST#7:#:

    ;6';6L6. S;4L#H 7:#H A ?#H#S#'7GG'S T#H67 1 * E

    Grammar .odular ) The incluion of the module on Grammar em$haiFe the

    im$ortance of having $u$il develo$ a ound gra$ of

    the language tructure and grammar of Standard ?ritih

    nglih!;SS Syllabu ) Grammar i no longer $art of the module in ;SS yllabu

    for 5ear 1 and E! The reaon for thi i becaue nglih i

    regarded a the econd language of mot $u$il in chool!

    Therefore, the teaching of grammar can be delayed to the

    later tage, which i from 5ear 3 to 5ear K!

    SOUR%E htt$/www!moe!gov!myb$&&rdoc03ME0?ahaaME0'nggeri01ME0:S;ME0nglihME051)ME0S;!$df

    http://www.moe.gov.my/bpk/kssr_docs/03%20Bahasa%20Inggeris/01%20DSK%20English%20Y1-%20SK.pdfhttp://www.moe.gov.my/bpk/kssr_docs/03%20Bahasa%20Inggeris/01%20DSK%20English%20Y1-%20SK.pdfhttp://www.moe.gov.my/bpk/kssr_docs/03%20Bahasa%20Inggeris/01%20DSK%20English%20Y1-%20SK.pdfhttp://www.moe.gov.my/bpk/kssr_docs/03%20Bahasa%20Inggeris/01%20DSK%20English%20Y1-%20SK.pdf
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    >hy grammar i introduced from5ear 3 onward B

    nglih i the econd language for $u$il inchool! 't i believed $rudent and $edagogicallyound to defer the learning of grammar to a latertage! +u$il hould be given the o$$ortunity to

    develo$ an awarene of grammar in their 2rtlanguage and thi awarene may then be

    ex$loited when nglih grammar i introduced in5ear 3! Thi a$$roach will reduce the load and

    tre of learning in the early year where theem$hai i on learning through fun and $lay!

    Source / "htt$/$beyI101!word$re!comE01E0I10dicuion)I)8 =

    http://pbey4101.wordpress.com/2012/04/10/discussion-4-8/http://pbey4101.wordpress.com/2012/04/10/discussion-4-8/
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    e ace oGrammar

    in the

    +rimary SL(laroom

    (4..67'(#T'N #++4#(H

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    6e language to communicateeOciently!

    :evelo$ both -uency and accuracy!

    'nclude activitie that combine boththe accuracy 2rt model andcommunication 2rt model!

    #ccuracy 2rt model A matery ofgrammatical $attern, form and

    function!

    (ommunication 2rt model A -uencyin communication!

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    GROUP 6PA1(TT3RA A/P ARUL%3EL1A)

    3A(RU)A$4A "T AS)A)

    %O)STA)%E %3EE

    "EATR(%E $ UST()A TEO

    MO3(TRAA S3AT( A /P SU)&RARA$A)

    T4+'( E /

    #++4#(HS '7T#(H'7G G#..#

  • 8/9/2019 introduction to grammar teaching grammar