Political Beliefs and Behaviors I Chapter 5 Public Opinion and Political Socialization.

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<ul><li><p>Political Beliefs and Behaviors IChapter 5Public Opinion and Political Socialization </p></li><li><p>Chapter 5Public Opinion? What is it? What is your opinion on major policy issues?It can vary over timePO can place limits on what policy and govt can doYou might not be expert, but you always have an opinionResponsiveness is key to representative democracy but govt sometimes does not do what people want (why???)</p></li><li><p>Statistical sampling theory does not claim that a sample exactly matches the population, only that it reflects the population with some predictable degree of accuracy. 3 Factors that determine accuracyHow the sample is randomly selectedThe size of the samplethe larger the sample, the more accurately it represents the populationThe amount of variation in the population</p><p>Chapter 5</p></li><li><p>Chapter 5Good website for looking at poll accuracy!!</p><p>http://www.ncpp.org/?q=node/4Sometimes polls can be off but if they follow the rules of appropriate polling they will be close.</p><p>1948: Truman1992: Clinton</p></li><li><p>Assumptions about public opinionM: majority of people are consistent on their opinions on government policyThis means that government should do all people wantP: public is uninformed and wishy washy from day to dayGovernment should listen to the informed interest group</p><p>Chapter 5</p></li><li><p>Distribution of public opinion</p><p>Chapter 5</p></li><li><p>Implications?Normal: public tends to support moderate policy on issueBimodal: great potential for political conflictSkewed: most share the same opinion, those in the minority risk social ostracism</p><p>What issues would fit into these 3 categories?HW: Public opinion poll</p><p>Chapter 5</p></li><li><p>Stability?How stable were the distribution of your opinions compared to those you talked with?</p><p>Some opinions change very little over time, some change within subgroups, and some change very dramatically. Historical examples???Chapter 5</p></li><li><p>So where do we learn all this from???Political socialization: process where you learn about political values</p><p>What are the major agents that socialize you politically?</p><p>Chapter 5</p></li><li><p>The Agents of Early SocializationTwo fundamental principles characterize early learningThe primacy principle: what is learned first is learned bestThe structuring principle: what is learned first structures later learning</p><p>Chapter 5</p></li><li><p>Agents that structure early socialization includeThe family: usually adopt same as parents or deviate to independentWhat are your parents political party and ideologies??Are you the same?Community and Peers: create opportunities to reinforce or change your political attitudesAre your beliefs the same or different than theirs?School: introduces government and citizen rolesWhat have you been taught?VIDEO CLIP ON SCHOOL SOCIALIZATION</p><p>Chapter 5</p></li><li><p>Questions:Why type of political socialization activities did you witness?What type of model does this follow?What does this movie teach us about democracy? The role of the citizen?</p><p>I KNOW THIS IS A SILLY MOVIE Chapter 5</p></li><li><p>Chapter 5Socialization of Mrs. Wells???</p></li><li><p>Chapter 5Family contributes a lot to the socialization of children!</p></li><li><p>Chapter 5This guy did not create my political views.</p><p>However, he does continue to politically socialize me in adulthood.</p></li><li><p>Continuing Socialization Peer groups assume greater importance is promoting political awareness and shaping opinionsOlder Americans rely on newspapers and television news for political informationYounger Americans are more likely to rely on radio, magazines or the Internet for political informationPeople gain perspective on government as they grow older</p><p>Chapter 5</p></li><li><p>Chapter 5Is this the authority on news and government???</p></li><li><p>So who are we??? Based on that, how are you going to participate??? Is your background and continued social groups and indicator of your political values?</p><p>HW: find outbe prepared to analyze yourselfhttp://politicsstudio.wetpaint.com/page/Diversity Chapter 5</p></li><li><p>Social Groups and Political ValuesPeople with similar backgrounds tend to develop similar political opinions Characteristics that shape political opinionsEducation IncomeRace and ethnicity ReligionGender</p><p>Chapter 5</p></li><li><p>WHAT SOCIAL GROUPS DO YOU BELONG TO ACCORDING TO YOUR HW? DOES OUR CLASSROOM REFLECT SOCIETY?United States Profile http://www2.census.gov/geo/maps/dc10_thematic/2010_Profile/2010_Profile_Map_United_States.pdfOhio Profile http://www2.census.gov/geo/maps/dc10_thematic/2010_Profile/2010_Profile_Map_Ohio.pdf</p><p>http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_DP_DPDP1&amp;prodType=table</p><p>Chapter 5</p></li><li><p>Chapter 5</p></li><li><p>Chapter 5Freedom v. OrderFreedom v. Equality</p></li><li><p>Looking at the chart, what trends do you see based on the social groups??How would that connect to political values and ideology??A good resource to look at election studies (that we will look at again) http://www.electionstudies.org/nesguide/gd-index.htm#9</p><p>Chapter 5</p></li><li><p>http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2011/06/19/nyregion/how-many-households-are-like-yours.html?ref=familiesandfamilylife</p><p>In class essay time </p><p>HW: Voter demographic analysisChapter 5</p></li><li><p>How do social values translate into political thinking?EducationIncome levelsRegionRace/EthnicityReligionGender</p><p>Chapter 5</p></li><li><p>The Degree of Ideological Thinking in Public OpinionMost people dont think in ideological terms pick moderate because they do not understand what liberal or conservative meanThe Quality of Ideological Thinking in Public OpinionLiberal or conservative because of the symbolic value of the termsAssociate liberals with change (freedom) and conservatives with tradition (maintenance of order)More helpful to think about tradeoffsLiberals are more willing to trade freedom for equalityConservatives are more wiling to trade freedom for order</p><p>Chapter 5</p></li><li><p>Ideological Types in the United StatesConservative responses are the most common patternCommunitarian responses are the 2nd most common patternBut the US is pretty much divided down the middle in regards to those that are on the left and those on the right of the spectrumLook at elections if you dont believe meChapter 5</p></li><li><p>Chapter 5</p></li><li><p>Forming Political OpinionsPolitical Knowledge: &gt; 50% have basic infoDO I KNOW WHAT IS GOING ON? (INSTITUTIONS AID IN THIS)Costs, Benefits, and CuesSelf-interest principle: the implication that people choose what benefits them personallyPlays an obvious role in how people form opinions on government policiesHOW DOES THIS EFFECT ME? (INSTITUTIONS AID IN THIS AS WELL)</p><p>Chapter 5</p></li><li><p>Information processingAn opinion schema constitutes a network of organized knowledge and beliefs that guide a persons processing of information regarding a particular subject. How have I been socialized? How do we continue to be socialized? Political LeadershipPublic opinion is molded by political leaders, journalists, and policy expertsIssue framing: the way that politicians or interest group leaders defines an issue when presenting it to others</p><p>Chapter 5</p><p>http://politicsstudio.wetpaint.com/page/Diversity*</p></li></ul>

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