Present Sociolinguistic Survey Of Nepalese Languages

  • View

  • Download

Embed Size (px)


Present Sociolinguistic Survey Of Nepalese Languages. Bhim Lal Gautam Central Department of Linguistics Tribhuvan University Outline. Introduction Linguistic Survey of Nepal ( LinSuN ) Sociolinguistic Survey of Nepalese Languages Methodology used in SLS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Present Sociolinguistic Survey Of Nepalese Languages

Present Sociolinguistic SurveyOfNepalese LanguagesBhim Lal GautamCentral Department of LinguisticsTribhuvan Universitygautambhim@rocketmail.com27/03/2014OutlineIntroductionLinguistic Survey of Nepal (LinSuN)Sociolinguistic Survey of Nepalese LanguagesMethodology used in SLSProgress Report of SLSChallenges and Difficulties


Nepals Linguistic Diversity- Natural and Geographical Diversity- 123 plus languages- 4 different sign languages- 125 plus ethnic groups and cultures- 4 different language families- 1 language isolate : Kusunda

4Linguistic Surveys of Nepal- 1828-88Hodgson Royal Asiatic Society- 1898-1927Griersons LSI- 1965-68BalKrishna Pokharel- 1981-84German Research Council1988Boyd Mikhailovsky1996The Central Dept. of Linguistics- 2002Toba et al.

5Linguistic Survey of Nepal (LinSuN)2008 GoN/NPCObjectivesDeveloping a sociolinguistic profile of all the languages of NepalProducing a basic description of at least 10 languagesDeveloping and maintaining a complete database of the languages of NepalDeveloping a description of the use of mother tongues in education (formal and non-formal) 6LinSuN SupportManagementSteering committee, NPC, GoNEvaluation and SupervisionLISMAC (Linguistic Survey Management Committee)Policy making and monitoringAdministrationCentral Department of Linguistics, TU7LinSuNTechnical SupportTraining and workshops(Nepal & Abroad)Infield and summer schools Infield (2008),3L Summer School( 2012)Financial SupportNational Planning Commission, GoNMinistry of Education and CultureUniversity Grants CommissionSIL, Nepal and other Institutions8Sociolinguistic Survey of Nepalese Languages (SLS)MethodologySociolinguistic QuestionnaireRecorded Text Tests (RTT)Sentence Repetition Test (SRT)Lexical Similarity (210 word list)Participatory Method (PM)9SLS MethodologySociolinguistic QuestionnairesSociolinguistic Questionnaire( A) -Real speakers Sociolinguistic Questionnaire (B) -Participatory MethodSociolinguistic Questionnaire (C ) - Language Activists & Local leaders

SLS MethodologyRecorded Text Tests (RTT) -Level of intelligibility among language groupsA better way to compare different dialects Sentence Repetition Test (SRT)-Attitudes of MT speakers-Levels of competence in the National language-Multilingualism

Participatory Method (PM)Biographical informationOpinions about the languageBilingualism/MultilingualismUse and attitude towards the languageResource for literacy and educationParticipatory Method (PM)

SLS Progress ActivitiesPilot Survey (2008)Jhapa District of NepalObjective: Testing of questionnairesSurveyed Languages (13)Indo-Aryan (7): Malpande, Karuwa, Sadri (Kissan), Danuwar, Marwari, Nepali, Maithili, Urdu, HindiTibeto-Burman (2):Bantawa, Meche

Dravidian (1):UraunAustro Asiatic(1): Khadiya17

SLS Progress ActivitiesField Visit (Survey) and Data Collection2009 ( 5 Languages)Tibeto-Burman(3): Chepang, Newar, Yakhha Indo Aryan(2): Maithili, Nepali

2010 (6 languages)Tibeto-Burman (4): Nepali, Maithili Indo-Aryan (2): Bhujel, Dolakha Newar, Lepcha

21SLS Progress Activities2011 (6 languages)Tibeto-Burman (4): Chulung, Dhut Magar, Jirel, KaikeIndo-Aryan (1): BoteAustro-Asiatic (1): Santhali 2012 A (13 languages)Indo-Aryan (10): Achhami,Awadhi, Bajhangi, Bajureli, Baitadeli , DangoraTharu,Doteli,Rana Tharu, Sonah, KhonahTibeto-Burman (3): Byansi,Raji,Raute

22SLS Progress Activities2012 B (7 languages)Indo-Aryan (4): Awadhi,Bhojpuri, Kumal,TharuTibeto-Burman (3): Chantyal, Gurung, Kham, 2013 (15 languages)Indo-Aryan (7): Angika,Gangai,Kissan, Malpande, Majhi,Rajbansi,TajpuriyaTibeto-Burman (6): Dumi, Dhimal,Koyee, Koche,Meche,TilungAustro Asiatic (2): Khadiya,Uranw2014 ( 8 languages)Tibeto-Burman (6): Khaling,Nachhiring,Kulung,Sampang Thulung, Wambule, Indo-Aryan (2): Bajjika, Kathariya23SLS Report WritingCompleted Report( 22 languages)Tibeto-Burman (11): Bhujel,Byansi, Chepang,Chhantyal, Jirel, Magar Kham, Magar Dhut, Meche, Newar,Raji,RauteIndo-Aryan (9): Achhami, Awadhi, Bajhangi & Bajureli, Baitadeli & Darchureli, Dangora Tharu, Dotyali,Kumal ,Rana Tharu, Rajbansi & TajpuriyaAustro-Asiatic (1): SanthaliDravidian (1): Urawn24SLS Report WritingReport in progress(13 languages)-Tibeto-Burman(7):Chulung,Dumi, Dhimal,Gurung,Kaike,Koche/Gangai, Koyee, -Indo-Aryan(5): Bhojpuri,Bote, Majhi, Nepali, Maithili, -Austro-Asiatic(1):Khadiya

Same here. Now, it would be good to make a summary showing how many languages in total you surveyed for each language family up to date, and what is the plan for the near future. 25Summary of SLS58 Languages Surveyed

22 Language report completed

13 Language report on progress

Challenges & DifficultiesFinancial DifficultiesGovernment RoleOther AgenciesLack of education & motivationDifficult geographical conditionsMigrationLack of effective tools for creating data baseConflicts among the linguistic communityPolitical instabilityIt would be good if you could elaborate on each of these in your talk. It doesnt have to be long, but just to help the audience to understand each point. I understand that 30 minutes for this talk is not long, but if you present well the information about the languages and leave the audience have a quick look at the names of the languages without reading them, it will leave you much time to elaborate on some other important issues.

GOOD WORK 27AcknowledgementsThe Central Department of Linguistics, TU

LinSuN Management Committee

Dr Anetta KopeckaReferences , (): : , , Central Bureau of Statistics. 2001. Population Census, Kathmandu: National Planning Commission. Central Bureau of Statistics. 2012. National Population and Housing Census 2011: National Report. Kathmandu: National Planning Commission. Eppele, M. John, Paul Lewis, Dan Raj Regmi and Yogendra P. Yadava (eds.) 2012. Ethnologue: Languages of Nepal, Kathmandu: Central Department of Linguistics and SIL Intenational. Grierson, George A. [1909] 1967. Linguistic Survey of India. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidas.Gordon, Raymond G. Jr., (ed.). 2005. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 15th edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Government of Nepal. Interim Constitution of Nepal, 2007. Kathmandu.Lewis, M. P. and Simons, G. F. 2010. Assessing Endangerment: Expanding Fishmans GIDS. Revue Romaine de Linguistique 55.103-120.Malla, K.P. 1989. Langauge and Society in Nepal. In Malla, (ed.), Nepalese Perspectives on Continuity and Change, Kathmandu: CNAS. Noonan, M. 2005. Language Documentation and Language Endangerment, University of Iceland.Regmi, Dan Raj. 2010. Linguistic Survey of Nepal: Progress, Challenges and Prospect. A paper presented at the Linguistic Survey of Nepal: Progress,Challenges and Prospect and Field Report Presentation Workshop held on 21June 2010, at Seminar Hall, Central Department of Linguistics, T.U.Regmi, Dan Raj. 2011. Linguistic Surveys in Nepal: A glimpse. TU Bulletin Special 2011-12, 2011. Tribhuvan University, Nepal.Regmi, Dan Raj. 2012. Multilingual Education in Nepal: Policy and Practice. TU Bulletin Special, 2012. Tribhuvan University, Nepal.Toba, Sueyoshi. 2004. Present Status of Reearch/Publication on Languages of Nepal. Nepalese Linguiatics, 20: 148-53.Toba, S. 1992. Language Issues in Nepal. Kathmandu: Samdan Books and Stationers.UNESCO. 2006. Advocacy Kit for Multilingual Education. Bangkok. (Adapted and translated into Nepali in 2008)