SE7-Quan ly du an

  • View
    11

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of SE7-Quan ly du an

  • 04/12/2009

    1

    QUN L D N(Project Management)

    L Th M Hnh

    Khoa Cng ngh Thng tin

    i hc Bch khoa, Nng, 2009

    NI DUNG

    Vai tr, mc tiu qun l d n

    Nhim v, quyn hn ca ngi qun l

    Cc hot ng qun l

    Cng c tr gip qun l

    Mt s k thut trong qun l d n

    Tng kt

  • 04/12/2009

    2

    VAI TR, MC TIU QUN L D N

    Vn thng xy ra vi d n

    Khng hon thnh ng hn

    Xy dng vt qu d ton

    Cht lng khng m bo

    Cc yu t qun l

    Thi gian: ng thi hn

    Chi ph: khng vt d ton

    Sn phm: y cc chc nng nh

    Tha mn yu cu ca khch hng:

    tha mn v nhu cu

    tha mn v tin trnh

    Vic qun l nhm khc phc nhng vn

    ny

    TRCH NHIM NGI QUN L

    Qun l thi gian

    Qun l ti nguyn

    Qun l sn phm

    Qun l ri ro

    T chc cch lm vic

  • 04/12/2009

    3

    CC HOT NG QUN L

    Xc nh d n: vit n

    Lp k hoch v lp lch

    T chc d n

    Gim st, cn i k hoch, lch trnh

    Qun l: ri ro, thay i, cu hnh.

    Vit bo co d n

    CC HOT NG QUN L (2)

    Xy dng pht biu v cng vic

    To ra cng b d n

    To cu trc phn cp

    Thc hinc lng

    Ln lch biu

    Ln ngn sch

    To ti liu d n, a ra hot ng qun tr

    Lp t d n

    Thc hin phn b ti nguyn

    Qun l d n

    Theo di, iu phi tin

    Tin hnh phn tch khc bit

    Lp k hoch li?

    Kt thc d n

    Xc nh cch quay li

    Xc nh sa i

    Thc hin sa i

    Khng

    C

    Quyn lnh o d n

    Xc nh d n

    Lp k hochd n

    T chcd n

    Gim st, iu chnh d n

    Kt thcd n

    S tin trnh qun l d n

  • 04/12/2009

    4

    XC NH D N

    Mc tiu, ngha

    hnh thnh d n: hiu d n, u thu,...

    c s lp k hoch, pht trin

    Chun b vit n

    Xc nh bi ton

    Thu thp, nghin cu ti liu nghip v

    Xc nh ngun lc s b ca d n

    Vit phc tho

    XC NH D N Vit n

    Ti liu m t d n

    ngha

    Cc bc thc hin

    Ni dung

    M t d n,mc ch v mc tiu ca d n

    Phm vi d n, ngun lc thc hin d n

    Cc im mc thi gian quan trng

    Kinh ph: phn theo giai on

    La chn cng ngh pht trin

    Phn hiu chnh/iu chnh

    Ch k cc bn lin quan

  • 04/12/2009

    5

    LP K HOCH Khi nim

    Khi nim

    Qun l d n cn nhiu thi gian, c bit l cng tc lp k hoch

    L cng vic tip tc sut qu trnh: t khi bt u n bn giao sn phm.

    c iu chnh thng xuyn mi khi c thng tin mi

    Nhiu k hoch khc cn c lp tr gip k hoch chnh v lch trnh v ngn sch

    LP K HOCH Khi nim (2)

    Cc loi k hoch d n khc

    Tn k hoch M t

    K hoch cht lng M t th tc v cc chun cht lng p dng

    K hoch thm nh M t cch thc, ngun lc v lch trnh thm nh

    K hoch qun l cu hnh M t th tc, cu trc qun l cu hnh

    K hoch bo tr Ch ra yu cu, chi ph v ngun lc cn cho bo tr

    K hoch pht trin i ng M t k nng v kinh nghim ca thnh vin d n s cn

  • 04/12/2009

    6

    LP K HOCH Tin trnh

    Tin trnh lp k hoch d n Thit lp cc rng buc, hn ch Tin hnh nh gi s b cc tham s d n Xc nh ct mc v cc xut phm cn c Thc hin cc hot ng lp li sut tin trnh:

    Lp lch trnh d n Khi ng hot ng theo lch trnh Theo di vic thc hin c lng li cc tham s d n Cp nht tin trnh Tho thun li v cc hn ch v xut phm Nu c vn : xem li k thut v phin bn

    LP K HOCH Tin trnh(2)

    Xy dng pht biu v cng vic

    To ra cng b d n

    To cu trc phn cp

    Thc hinc lng

    Ln lch biu

    Ln ngn sch

    To ti liu d n, a ra hot ng qun tr

    Lp t d n

    Thc hin phn b ti nguyn

    Qun l d n

    Theo di, iu phi tin

    Tin hnh phn tch khc bit

    Lp k hoch li?

    Kt thc d n

    Xc nh cch quay li

    Xc nh sa i

    Thc hin sa i

    Khng

    C

    Quyn lnh o d n

    Xc nh d n

    Lp k hochd n

    T chcd n

    Gim st, iu chnh d n

    Kt thcd n

  • 04/12/2009

    7

    LP K HOCH Ni dung

    Ni dung k hoch d n M u: mc ch, mc tiu, phm vi d n

    Xc nh tin trnh d n, vng i c chn

    Th tc v chun cn c tun theo

    Nhn din sn phm cng vic cn c pht trin

    Phn tch ri ro, k hoch qun l ri ro

    Cc yu cu v ngun lc Nhn lc

    Phn cng, phn mm,..

    c lng v kch c, n lc, ti nguyn my tnh

    Phn on cng vic, lp bng cu trc phn vic (WBS)

    Lch trnh d n

    C ch iu hnh v bo co

    NI DUNG LP K HOCH

    Phn on cng vic Bng cng vic L cch thc hon thnh mc tiu d n Danh sch chi tit nhng g cn hon thnh d n

    (danh sch sn phm, cng vic) L c s c lng chi ph, kinh ph d n C s xc nh nhim v gia cc c nhn C s xy dng lch trnh d nCc bc xy dng

    Bc 1: Vit ra sn phm chung nht Bc 2: To danh sch sn phm Bc 3: To lp danh sch cng vic, m t cng vic di

    mi sn phm mc thp nht Bc 4: nh m cho mi ca bng cng vic Bc 5: Xt duyt li bng cng vic

  • 04/12/2009

    8

    NI DUNG LP K HOCH (2)

    Phn on cng vic Bng cng vic

    V d bng cng vic cho d n phn mm

  • 04/12/2009

    9

    NI DUNG LP K HOCH (3)

    c lng cng vic

    Cc yu t cn c lng

    Kch c phn mm

    Thi gian

    S ngi

    Chi ph

    Mc c lng

    L u vo cho lp lch

    NI DUNG LP K HOCH LP LCH

    Yu cu t ra cho lp lch

    Lng ha lm c s c lng d n

    Lch trnh ph thuc vo m hnh la chn

    Ngi tham gia thay i theo tng pha ca d n

    Cn phi phn tch cng vic chi tit hn v lp lch kim sot

  • 04/12/2009

    10

    LP K HOCH Lp lch (2)

    Mc tiu ca lp lch l kim sot cng vic

    Xc nh nhim v

    Thi im bt u, thi im kt thc

    Ngi thc hin (s ngi, yu cu,...)

    Rng buc (mi lin h gia cc nhim v)

    cn c mm do v thi gian

    LP K HOCH Lp lch (3)

    Nhim v c giao phi: L cng vic c kt qu bn giao Quy trch nhim cho mt c nhn C hn nh v thi gian C th o c (tin , cht lng)Xc nh rng buc nhim v: Cc rng buc v ti nguyn (con ngi, thit b) Rng buc v tin trnh

    cc nhim v phi c kt thc trc cc nhim v c th c thc thi k tip thi gian thc hin

    Gim ti a cc nhim v ph thuc Thc hin cc nhim v song song khi c th

  • 04/12/2009

    11

    LP K HOCH Lp lch (4)

    Ni dung ca hot ng lp lch

    Phn d n thnh cc nhim v v c lng thi gian, ngun lc thc hin chng

    T chc thc hin ng thi cc nhim v ti u lung cng vic

    Hn ch s ph thuc gia cc nhim v trnh tc ng gy chm tr ln nhau

    Sp xp cc nhim v tn dng cc ngun lc khc: ngi, thit b,..

    Ph thuc vo trnh & kinh nghim ngi qun l

    LP K HOCH Lp lch (5)

    Khuyn co cho lp lch

    Gim ti a thi gian tha

    Tn dng ti a cc ngun lc

    iu phi ti nguyn (ch tha/thiu)

    Xem xt cc hn ch

    L mt quy trnh lp li

    S dng cc cng c t ng

  • 04/12/2009

    12

    LP K HOCH Lp lch (6)

    V d lp lch

    T CHC D N

    Xy dng pht biu v cng vic

    To ra cng b d n

    To cu trc phn cp

    Thc hinc lng

    Ln lch biu

    Ln ngn sch

    To ti liu d n, a ra hot ng qun tr

    Lp t d n

    Thc hin phn b ti nguyn

    Qun l d n

    Theo di, iu phi tin

    Tin hnh phn tch khc bit

    Lp k hoch li?

    Kt thc d n

    Xc nh cch quay li

    Xc nh sa i

    Thc hin sa i

    Khng

    C

    Quyn lnh o d n

    Xc nh d n

    Lp k hochd n

    T chcd n

    Gim st, iu chnh d n

    Kt thcd n

  • 04/12/2009

    13

    T CHC D N (2)

    Lp t d n (v thnh s , m t)

    Chc nng nhim v ca tng b phn

    Phn b ti nguyn cho tng b phn

    Gim c d n

    Qun tr d n

    Khch hng

    Nhm phn tch Nhm thit k Nhm lp trnh Nhm test

    T CHC D NLa chn nhn lc

    Con ngi l yu t quan trng nht trong pht trin phn mm

    Cc thnh vin khc nhau v nng lc

    Mt s cc cng vic c th khng phi ai cng lm c Lp trnh h thng

    Giao din ha cao cp

    iu khin thit b

    C s d liu

  • 04/12/2009

    14

    T CHC D NNhm v c trng

    Phn mm cn c pht trin theo nhm

    Qui m nhm ti u: 3~8 ngi

    Cc loi thnh vin nhm: Lp trnh vin

    Chuyn gia giao din

    Chuyn gia min ng dng

    Kim th phn mm, qun l cu hnh,..

    Cn c: Lnh o nhm (team leader)

    Lnh o k thut (technical leader)

    Khuyn co cho la chn nhm

    Khng nn t chc nhm qu ln

    thi gian cho giao tip s tng cao

    kh tng tc bng cch thm ngi

    Mt s cng vic ch nn mt ngi thc hin

    Cn phn r d n ln thnh cc d n nh

  • 04/12/2009

    15

    Mt s cch t chc nhm

    Nhm ngang quyn (democratic team)

    Cng vic c tho lun v cc thnh vin nhm thng nht gii php chung

    Cc thnh vin u c kinh nghim v nng lc

    Nhm XP

    Mt dng ca ngang quyn, lp trnh i v chu trch nhim chung

    Nhm quyn lc tp trung (chief programmer team)

    Nhm trng c nng lc vt tri, ngi thit k chnh

    Cc thnh vin khc thc hin cng vic chi tit

    Nhm lm vic hiu qu

    Cc mc ch c thng nht

    Thnh vin tin tng vo vai tr v mc tiu

    Chp nhn mc tiu v tiu ch cht lng

    C phng thc trao i thng tin hiu qu hp, trao i tng, kim sot thay i

    To c mi quan h hp tc gia cc thnh vin

  • 04/12/2009

    16

    GIM ST V IU CHNH

    Xy dng pht biu v cng vic

    To ra cng b d n

    To cu trc phn cp

    Thc hinc lng

    Ln lch biu

    Ln ngn sch

    To ti liu d n, a ra hot ng qun tr

    Lp t d n

    Thc hin phn b ti nguyn

    Qun l d n

    Theo di, iu phi tin

    Tin hnh phn tch khc bit

    Lp k hoch li?

    Kt thc d n

    Xc nh cch quay li

    Xc nh sa i

    Thc hin sa i

    Khng

    C

    Quyn lnh o d n

    Xc nh d n

    Lp k hochd n

    T chcd n

    Gim st, iu chnh d n

    Kt thcd n

    GIM ST V IU CHNH(2)

    Mc tiu ca gim st v iu chnh

    m bo cht lng phn mm

    Qun l thay i/qun l cu hnh phn mm

    Qun l thay i v yu cu, thit k, m ngun

    Qun l cu hnh (c pht trin phn tn)

  • 04/12/2009

    17

    GIM ST V IU CHNH (3)

    m bo cht lng phn mm SQA

    (Software Quality Assurence)

    L cng vic xuyn sut qu trnh pht trin