Smart Grids: bridging the gap between design and ... Grids bridging the gap between... · IT DLMS/COSEM…

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  • ideal grid for all

    Smart Grids: bridging the gap between design and implementation

    Davide Della Giustina

    Unareti SpA,

    Smart Grid Department,

    Italy

    davide.dellagiustina@unareti.it

    IDE4L Symposium, Brescia18th May 2016

  • ideal grid for all

    Demonstrations

    Demonstration is an act of showing that something exists or is true bygiving proof or evidence [www.oxforddictionaries.com]

    In the context of a research project this means to implement in aspecific location the proposed architecture and to verify that it iscompliant with the use case defined by the project

    To give the proof means to be able to reply to the followingquestions:

    1. Is the test replicable in different conditions? Test the same UC in different locations

    Cover all the use cases

    2. How can we say that a UC has been verified? What should be measured? KPI definition

    3. How can we compare results from differentdemos? Same units? Same time scale? KPI definition

    18/05/2016 WWW.IDE4L.EU IDE4L Symposium, BresciaSLIDE 2

    What is it about?

  • ideal grid for all

    Demonstrations

    A research project with many partners provides several benefits sharing of different backgrounds (ICT, EE, )

    sharing of different perspectives (university, industry, utility, )

    However, this also brings about an extra complexity, which has beenaddressed by IDE4L since the beginning:

    Each group could have a partial insight of the project to avoid the definition of several sub-optimal architectures instead

    of a common one IDE4L promotes a strong and joint design phase

    Each group could be more focused on developing its own brick to avoid a situation where bricks work fine independently, but do

    not interface properly when tested together because interfaces havenot been considered in the design IDE4L includes interfaces in thedesign process and adds an intermediate step betweendevelopment and testing

    18/05/2016 WWW.IDE4L.EU IDE4L Symposium, BresciaSLIDE 3

    Design for integrability

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    Demonstrations18/05/2016 WWW.IDE4L.EU IDE4L Symposium, BresciaSLIDE 4

    Testing phase: a three-step procedure

    Building-blocks, e.g.:

    1. Algorithms2. Protection devices3. Third party devices4. Third party software

    Groups of building-blocks, e.g.:

    1. State estimation algorithm within a PC connected to an RTU via a 61850 interface

    Use cases, e.g.:

    1. Monitoring of LV grid (PC + state estimation + RTU + Smart meters + interfaces)

    1stDev. lab 2ndIntegration. lab 3rdDemo

  • ideal grid for all

    Demonstrations

    A project should design a general architecture based on the full set of use cases considered by the project

    general enough to be applicable everywhere

    This architecture has to be projected on the specific demo site

    To achieve this goal IDE4L introduces the so called Physical Model it is an abstract model containing the minimum information needed to

    describe a specific demonstrator

    its purpose is to identify the components to be installed/tested in a demoto run one or more use cases

    From this model the list of components is derived

    At last, the BoM is obtained combining the demo description vs thecomponent list

    18/05/2016 WWW.IDE4L.EU IDE4L Symposium, BresciaSLIDE 5

    From the general architecture to the physical design

  • ideal grid for all

    Demonstrations18/05/2016 WWW.IDE4L.EU IDE4L Symposium, BresciaSLIDE 6

    Physical Model Reference network topology

    Secondary substation: Power Transformer MV/LV breakers DVR

    Primary substation: Power Transformer MV breakers

    LV network: STATCOM Loads Productions

  • ideal grid for all

    Demonstrations18/05/2016 WWW.IDE4L.EU IDE4L Symposium, BresciaSLIDE 7

    Physical Model Automation components

    IEDs: SCADA Protections Smart meters

    HW Gateways: Modbus-850 850-104

    !!!Interfaces to be tested!!!

    SW gateways: Developed

    during the project

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    Demonstrations18/05/2016 WWW.IDE4L.EU IDE4L Symposium, BresciaSLIDE 8

    Physical Model Telecommunication

    Modems: BPL

    Switches: PS SS Control center

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    Demonstrations18/05/2016 WWW.IDE4L.EU IDE4L Symposium, BresciaSLIDE 9

    Physical Model Information exchange

    Monitoring & control use case

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    Demonstrations

    Layer Component ProviderAPP NR wp5/UC3MAPP SE/PC wp5/TUTCT Switch CISCO CGR 1120CT PLC (modem) Current API-2000-SAEE DVR/STATCOM "prototype"EE MV-CBR ABB/DY800EE LV-CBR Schneider/NSX250BEE CT/VT Altea/CVS 24-06-16 + CONVEE I0 ThytronicIED SCADA Selta SCADAIED NTP Meinberg/LANTIME M300IED PSAU/SSAU Standard PCIED (GW) 850-104 Cooper/SMPIED PD Telvent/HU_AF+AB_ACIED (GW) 850-modbus Schneider/G3200IED SM INDRA/EMIELIED PV-CTRL Fronius/Galvo 1.5-1IT 61850 MMS server/client UnaretiIT DLMS/COSEM client Unareti

    18/05/2016 WWW.IDE4L.EU IDE4L Symposium, BresciaSLIDE 10

    Component listWho is the provider? external internal

    Abstract component

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    Demonstrations

    Component 1 Component 2 Protocol Responsible Location

    PD SAU IEC 61850 TLV Seville

    SM SAU DLMS/COSEM Unareti Italy

    PD PD IEC 61850 TLV Seville

    SCADA/DMS 104-850 (GW) IEC 61870-5-104 Unareti Italy

    104-850 (GW) PD IEC 61850 Unareti Italy

    SAU SAU IEC 61850 RWTH Germany

    SCADA/DMS SAU CIM Unareti Italy

    SAU *-CTRL IEC 61850 Unareti Italy

    18/05/2016 WWW.IDE4L.EU IDE4L Symposium, BresciaSLIDE 11

    Interaction list: highlight interaction between two components

    Interaction list is the starting point of the integration lab

    Same process for all the demos:1. Physical model

    2. Component list

    3. Interaction list

  • ideal grid for all

    Demonstrations18/05/2016 WWW.IDE4L.EU IDE4L Symposium, BresciaSLIDE 12

    Component Provider NumberSE/PC wp5/TUT 1Switch CISCO CGR1120 1DVR "prototype" 1STATCOM "prototype" 4LV-CBR Schneider/NSX250B 1SSAU Standard PC 1SM INDRA/EMIEL 18DLMS/COSEM client Unareti 1

    Bill of Material: demo description vs component list

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    Demonstrations18/05/2016 WWW.IDE4L.EU IDE4L Symposium, BresciaSLIDE 13

    Summary

    Use Cases

    KPIs

    Integration s

    BOM

    Architecture

    Demo description

    Component List

    Interaction List

    Physical Model

    Developments

    Demo implementation

    Testing Results, Replicability,

    Supply

  • ideal grid for all

    Demonstrations18/05/2016 WWW.IDE4L.EU IDE4L Symposium, BresciaSLIDE 14

    Development site

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    Demonstrations18/05/2016 WWW.IDE4L.EU IDE4L Symposium, BresciaSLIDE 15

    Integration labs

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    Demonstrations18/05/2016 WWW.IDE4L.EU IDE4L Symposium, BresciaSLIDE 16

    Lab demonstrators

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    Demonstrations18/05/2016 WWW.IDE4L.EU IDE4L Symposium, BresciaSLIDE 17

    Field demonstrators

  • ideal grid for all 18/05/2016 WWW.IDE4L.EU IDE4L Symposium, BresciaSLIDE 18

    Demonstrations MV demonstrator: 1 HV/MV substation 2 MV/LV substations FLISR use case

    LV demonstrator: PV and Heat Pumps Real-time monitoring Load and production

    forecast State estimation

  • ideal grid for all 18/05/2016 WWW.IDE4L.EU IDE4L Symposium, BresciaSLIDE 19

    Demonstrations

    MV demonstrator: 1 MV/MV substation 3 MV/LV substations Real-time monitoring FLISR use case

    LV demonstrator: PV high penetration Real-time monitoring Load and production

    forecast State estimation Power control

  • ideal grid for all 18/05/2016 WWW.IDE4L.EU IDE4L Symposium, BresciaSLIDE 20

    Demonstrations

    LV demonstrator: Real-time monitoring Load and production

    forecast State estimation Power control

  • ideal grid for all

    Thank you!

    www.ide4l.eu

    http://www.ide4l.eu/