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Smokeless Tobacco. What is Smokeless? Chewing Tobacco Chew Spit Snuff Dip Snus Dissolvable **There is no safe form of tobacco

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Text of Smokeless Tobacco. What is Smokeless? Chewing Tobacco Chew Spit Snuff Dip Snus Dissolvable **There...

Smokeless Tobacco

Smokeless Tobacco

What is Smokeless?Chewing TobaccoChewSpitSnuffDipSnusDissolvable

**There is no safe form of tobacco

You can call chewing tobacco by whatever name you want smokeless tobacco, spit tobacco, chew, snuff, pinch or dip but don't call it harmless. Whether you use chewing tobacco or other types of smokeless tobacco because you like it or because you think smokeless is safer than cigarettes, be forewarned chewing tobacco can cause serious health problems. 2Smokeless Tobacco ProductsChewing TobaccoAvailable in loose leaf, plug, or twist that users place between their cheek and gumSnuffFinely ground tobacco leaves packaged in tea bag-like pouches that users pinch or dip between their lower lip and gum

Smokeless tobacco is sometimes called "spit" or "spitting" tobacco because people spit out the juices and saliva that build up in the mouth. Smokeless tobacco products consist of tobacco or a tobacco blend that's chewed, sucked on or sniffed, rather than smoked.3Smokeless Tobacco ProductsSnusSpitless, teabag-sized pouch of moist snuff tobacco that is tucked inside the cheekPlace under the lip for about 30 minutes Nicotine levels about twice those of nicotine replacement therapyIncreases the risk of cardiovascular disease, pancreatic cancer, and oral cancers

Dissolvable TobaccoMade of finely ground tobaccoOrbs, Sticks, and Strips that melt in the mouth within 3 to 30 minutesFlavoring and packaging appeals to youthEasy for kids to use/hide

Smokeless Tobacco SticksFinely-milled tobacco coated on a 2 inch birch wood dowel10 smokeless tobacco sticks per packIntended to be merchandised in the moist smokeless tobacco category, behind the counterAt retail in limited distribution at select stores in Kansas in March 2011Rich Tobacco Sticks, Original Tobacco Sticks, Mint Tobacco Sticks and Smooth Mint Tobacco Sticks

Attracting Kids to Tobacco UseThe new Camel dissolvables have a clear appeal to children. They look like candy, are flavored like candy, and are easily concealed so could be used easily by kids, even in school, without being detected.

Whats in it?


ArsenicAmmoniaAcetoneFormaldehydeCyanideNicotineTarSmokeless tobacco products also include other harmful chemicals. In addition to a variety of nitrosamines, other cancer-causing substances in smokeless tobacco include polonium210 (a radioactive element found in tobacco fertilizer) and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons.

8Nicotine LevelsSOURCES: Federal Trade Commission Tar, Nicotine, and Carbon Monoxide Report, 2000; Snus News and Other Tobacco Products, November 22, 2008; Brandweek, R.J. Reynolds Preps Dissolvable Tobacco, 2008; American Cancer Society, Smokeless Tobacco and How to Quit, 2009; Daily Tech, Study E-Cigarettes Fail at Nicotine Delivery, No Better than Unlit Cigarette, 2010.PRODUCTAMOUNT OF NICOTINECIGARETTE1 mg - 2 mg per cigaretteSNUS6 mg - 8 mg per pouchNICOTINE LOZENGES and STICKS0.6 mg 3.1 mg each pellet or stickSNUFF & CHEW3.6 mg 4.5 mgE-CIGARETTE0 16 mg per cartridgeWho Chews?

Nearly 20% of high school boys and 2% of high school girls12th graders: 6.7% in in 2004 to 7.9% in 201210th graders: 4.9% in 2004 to 6.6% in 2010More than half who used smokeless tobacco in the past month also reported past month cigarette smoking

As many as 20% of high school boys and 2% of high school girls use smokeless tobacco, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Of the 12 to 14 million American users, one third are under age 21, and more than half of those developed the habit before they were 13.

The 2012 Monitoring the Future survey found a 17.9 percent increase in twelfth graders using smokeless tobacco from 2004 (6.7%) to 2012 (7.9%). Among tenth graders, there was a 34.7 percent increase in smokeless tobacco use from 2004 to 2010 (4.9% to 6.6%).

Youth smokeless use has increased. A 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health report showed that the number of boys aged 12 to 17 starting to use smokeless tobacco has significantly increased since 2002. Youth aged 12 to 17 were more likely to start using smokeless tobacco compared to 18 to 25 year olds. Accurate national smokeless tobacco prevalence data for adults are not yet available. The 2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health reported that 6.4 percent of young adults between ages 18 and 25 and3.1 percent of adults over age 26 used smokeless tobacco.

These increases in youth smokeless use do not appear to reflect a substitution of smokeless tobacco forcigarettes, as declines in youth smoking have slowed at the same time that smokeless use has increased.This suggests smokeless is not substituting for smoking but is adding to the number of tobacco users andcontributing to dual use of tobacco products. From 2002 to 2007, more than half (52.8%) of youth aged 12 to 17 who used smokeless tobacco in the past month also reported past month cigarette smoking. Dual use was much higher among high school boys, and those who used smokeless tobacco were five times more likely to also smoke half a pack of cigarettes per day compared to high school boys who did not use smokeless tobacco.

10NOT A SUBSTITUTE FOR SMOKINGAccording to the US Surgeon General: The oral use of smokeless tobacco represents a significant health risk. It is not a safe substitute for smoking cigarettes. It can cause cancer and a number of non-cancerous oral conditions and can lead to nicotine addiction and dependence.

Health Risks

Contains 28 chemicals known to cause cancer.Increases the risk for cancer of the oral cavity, which can include cancer of the lip, tongue, cheeks, gums, and mouth.Other effects include oral leukoplakia (white mouth lesions that can become cancerous), gum disease, and gum recession.High risk of addiction. The amount of nicotine absorbed from smokeless tobacco is 3-4 times greater than that delivered by a cigarette.

Addition: While nicotine is absorbed more slowly from smokeless tobacco, more nicotine per dose is absorbed and stays in the bloodstream longer. 12Health RisksBad breath and yellow teethMouth soresCancerBleeding and cracking of lips and gumsCavitiesIncreased heart rate, high blood pressure, and irregular heartbeats greater risk of heart attack and strokeHeart diseasePrecancerous mouth lesions

Mouth sores (about 70% of spit tobacco users have them)

Cancer. Constant exposure to tobacco juice causes cancer of the esophagus, pharynx, larynx, stomach and pancreas. Smokeless tobacco users are at heightened risk for oral cancer compared to non-users and these cancers can form within five years of regular use. Smokeless tobacco users have an 80 percent higher risk of developing oral cancer and a 60 percent higher risk of developing pancreatic and esophageal cancer. Cavities. Chewing tobacco and other forms of smokeless tobacco cause tooth decay. That's because chewing tobacco contains high amounts of sugar, which contributes to cavities. Chewing tobacco also contains coarse particles that can irritate your gums and scratch away at the enamel on your teeth, making your teeth more vulnerable to cavities. Gum disease. The sugar and irritants in chewing tobacco and other forms of smokeless tobacco can cause your gums to pull away from your teeth in the area of your mouth where you place the chew. Over time you can develop gum disease, which can be severe enough to destroy the soft tissue and bone that support your teeth (periodontitis) and lead to tooth loss. Heart disease. Smokeless tobacco increases your heart rate and blood pressure. Some evidence suggests that long-term use of smokeless tobacco increases your risk of dying of certain types of heart disease and stroke. Precancerous mouth lesions. Smokeless tobacco increases your risk of developing small white patches called leukoplakia (loo-koh-PLAY-kee-uh) inside your mouth where the chew is most often placed. These mouth lesions are precancerous meaning that the lesions could one day become cancer. Tobacco & SportsLong-standing association with sports especially baseball, but now hockey tooChewing tobacco myth 75% of young athletes have tried chewing tobacco 50% of football, baseball, and hockey players are now regular usersTobacco-Free Sports Initiatives

Athletes used to believe that using chewing tobacco improves your concentration and overall sports performance, and that it is less harmful to your health than smoking cigarettes. League BaseballThe 2012 MLB season has been the first ever to be played with restrictions on smokeless tobacco use by big-league players, managers and coachesCannot carry product in uniforms or any time fans are presentBanned from using smokeless tobacco during televised interviews

Tobacco Industry TrendsTobacco companies continue to produce and market new smokeless tobacco products to attract new users and keep smokers addicted.Smokeless tobacco has shifted from a product used primarily by older men to one used mostly by young boys.Increased use and marketing Offer products in mint flavorsCamel Snus Campaign

A survey conducted in March 2012 showed that kids were significantly more likely than adults to recall tobacco advertising. While only 25 percent of all adults recalled seeing a tobacco ad in the two weeks prior to the survey, 45 percent of kids aged 12 to 17 reported seeing tobacco ads.

Tobacco companies spent $444.2 million on smokeless tobacco marketing in 2010more than three times the amount spent in 1998 and an increase of more than 77% from 2005 expenditures ($250.8 million), the year before cigarette companies entered the smokeless tobacco market.

The development and marketing of starter products with such features as pouches and cherry flavoring have switched smokeless tobacco from a product used primarily by older men to one used mostly by young men. Currently, 15 percent of high school boys use smokeless tobacco, a 36.4 percent increase since 2003.

Sales of moist snuff products (including snus) increased by 65.6% between 2005 and 2011. Sales of pouched and flavoured forms of moist snuff increased by 333.8% and 72.1%, respectively, and contributed to 28% and 59.4% of the total growth in the moist snuff category, respectively. Value/discount brands accounted for 42% of moist snuff sales in 2011 among the top 10 selling brands, largely driven by Grizzly. After 2years on the national market, Camel Snus was also one of the top 10 selling moist snuff brands.

In 2011, Camel Snus launched a campaign encouraging smokers to quit smoking by urging them to switch to a smokeless product.

16Tobacco Industry Advertising & Political InfluenceAnnual tobacco industry spending on marketing its products nationwide: $8.5 billion, thats more than $23 million each dayAnnual tobacco industry contributions to federal candidates, political parties, and PACS: Over $2 millionTobacco industry expenditures lobbying Congress in 2010: $16.6 million

Research studies have found that kids are three times as sensitive to tobacco advertising than adults and are more likely tobe influenced to smoke by cigarette marketing than by peer pressure; and that a third of underage experimentation withsmoking is attributable to tobacco company advertising and promotion.

Tobacco companies also spend enormous amounts to influence state and local politics; and, when threatened by the federalMcCain tobacco control bill in 1998, spent more than $125 million in direct and grassroots lobbying to defeat it. Since 1998,Altria (Philip Morris) has spent more on lobbying Congress than almost any other business. Health ConcernsProducts designed to be more socially acceptable than cigarettesAttractive to youth because they are easy to hideTobacco industry targeting youth and young adults to get them hooked and keep them hooked for life

QUIT TODAY!If you or someone you know is ready to quit smoking, call1-866-NEW-LUNGFor FREE helpIf you use chewing tobacco or other forms of smokeless tobacco, quit. Now that you know the dangers associated with it, you have extra motivation to stop using smokeless tobacco. And if you're trying to stop using cigarettes, don't switch to smokeless tobacco instead.19