Stumble and OffenseWhat do stumble and offense mean in Romans 9:32-33?
Romans 9:32-3332Why? Because they did not seek it by faith, but as it were, by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumbling stone. 33As it is written:Behold, I lay in Zion a stumbling stone and rock of offense,And whoever believes on Him will not be put to shame.
IntroductionThis text must be studied in the context of Romans 9:10-33 There are many important subjects related to the study of this passage.
Topics CoveredSovereignty of GodPlan of God for each individual lifePredestinationHatredComplainingPurpose of God
Topics CoveredStumble Am I responsible for weaker Christians who stumble over me?Duty What is my duty to those who stumble?Offense Must I give in to every person who claims to be offended at my actions or decisions?
Romans 9:10Isaac is the son of AbrahamRebecca and Isaac were expecting a childTwins were born Jacob and EsauAnd not only this, but when Rebecca also had conceived by one man, even by our father Isaac
Romans 9:11God made a decisionNot about saved and lostNot about who was a better moral personNot about who was good or bad(for the children not yet being born, nor having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works but of Him who calls),
Romans 9:11God made a decisionGods decision was according to His purpose His plan for mankindGod chose Jacob just as He chose Abraham and IsaacGod is sovereign. He has all power.(for the children not yet being born, nor having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works but of Him who calls),
Romans 9:12God knew There were twins no ultrasound neededHe knew both were malesHe knew the younger would rise higherHe knew the older would serve the youngerit was said to her, The older shall serve the younger.
Romans 9:13Did God hate Esau?Vincent Word Studies This language sounds a bit harsh to us. It is possible that the word misew did not always carry the full force of what we mean by hate.There is no doubt about Gods preference for Jacob and rejection of Esau, but one hesitates to read into these words here the intense hatred that has always existed between the descendants of Jacob and Esau.As it is written, Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated.
Romans 9:13Did God hate Esau?Barnes Notes This does not mean any positive hatred; but that he had preferred Jacob, and had withheld from Esau those privileges and blessings which he had conferred on the posterity of Jacob.God showed a preference for Jacob.As it is written, Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated.
Romans 9:14Who dares accuse God of being unrighteous?Dont go there. Dont even think such a thing.God is sovereign. He has the right to make a choice.What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? Certainly not!
Romans 9:14REMEMBER: This is not eternal destinyGod could choose anyone for this workIt could have been youGod is selecting the lineage for ChristThere is nothing unrighteous about thisWhat shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? Certainly not!
Romans 9:15God can choose Abraham out of all the people in the worldGod can select Jacob over EsauGod can show mercy and compassionGod can refuse to extend mercy and compassionFor He says to Moses, I will have mercy on whomever I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whomever I will have compassion.
Romans 9:17God can raise up a wicked king to work His planGod can set kings in power remove themThe issue is not Good or bad, kind or meanThe point is Does he fit in the plan of God for that country, that time, or for the world?For the Scripture says to the Pharaoh, For this very purpose I have raised you up, that I may show My power in you, and that My name may be declared in all the earth.
Romans 9:18This verse is a repeat of the statement in verse 15.God can harden or soften according to His willGod knows how we will react to a situationTherefore He has mercy on whom He wills, and whom He wills He hardens.
Romans 9:18Two people have a similar crisis in their livesOne will repent and turn to GodAnother will become bitter and reject GodTHE SAME SUN THAT MELTS WAX HARDENS CLAYTherefore He has mercy on whom He wills, and whom He wills He hardens.
Romans 9:19We must not find fault with Gods choiceSee verse 14 Is God unrighteous?Neither should we resist the will of GodGod will accomplish His purpose and planIf you refuse, God will find another wayWhat if Abraham had refused?You will say to me then, Why does He still find fault? For who has resisted His will?
Romans 9:20Job did not charge God foolishly when all his trouble cameJob 1:22 - In all this Job did not sin nor charge God with wrong.Who do we think we are to challenge, question, or charge God?But indeed, O man, who are you to reply against God? Will the thing formed say to him who formed it, Why have you made me like this?
Romans 9:20Does a car ask why it was made a sedan instead of an SUV?Does a TV question why it was not a computer?Why do we think we have any right to question the choices of God?But indeed, O man, who are you to reply against God? Will the thing formed say to him who formed it, Why have you made me like this?
Romans 9:21The potter takes a lump of clayHe has many choicesHe can make a simple soup bowlHe can make a fancy museum displayDoes the clay complain?Does the clay have any choice?Does not the potter have power over the clay, from the same lump to make one vessel for honor and another for dishonor?
Romans 9:22Matthew Henry What ever God does, must be just. Wherein the holy, happy people of God differ from others, Gods grace alone makes them differ. In this preventing, effectual, distinguishing grace, He acts as a benefactor, whose grace is His own. None deserved it; so that those who are saved, must thank God only; and those who perish, must blame themselves only.What if God, wanting to show His wrath and to make His power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath prepared for destruction,
Romans 9:23We may not understand. But God has a purpose.He makes choices not based on goodness, beauty, or wealth.God makes choices based on what will advance His plan and purposes.and that He might make known the riches of His glory on the vessels of mercy, which He had prepared beforehand for glory,
Romans 9:24God chose us.God chose ME.God chose Gentiles as well as Jews.God loves all men, nations, tongues, and tribes.even us whom He called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?
Romans 9:25-26The Jews were not an exclusive race of people.God always planned to include all of us.God can call people who are not His, and make them His.25As He says also in Hosea: I will call them My people, who were not My people, And her beloved, who was not beloved.26And it shall come to pass in the place where it was said to them,You are not My people, There they shall be called sons of the living God.
Romans 9:27After all God did for Israel, most would reject Him.They would not accept His plan for their salvation.Only a remnant would remain faithful.Isaiah also cries out concerning Israel: Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, The remnant will be saved.
Romans 9:28-29There were several times that the blood line was down to one person.Esther Esther 7:4Joash 2 Kings 11:2Jesus Matthew 2:1628 For He will finish the work and cut it short in righteousness, Because the Lord will make a short work upon the earth. 29And as Isaiah said before: Unless the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, We would have become like Sodom, And we would have been made like Gomorrah.
Romans 9:30-31What is the message of all this?Some nations were given special protection, rights, blessingsBut they did not follow God30What shall we say then? That Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness of faith;31but Israel, pursuing the law of righteousness, has not attained to the law of righteousness.
Romans 9:30-31Other nations (Gentiles) were not given any special blessings.They chose to follow the path of obedience, righteousness and faith in God.30What shall we say then? That Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness of faith;31but Israel, pursuing the law of righteousness, has not attained to the law of righteousness.
Why study all this?The original question was about the words stumble and offense in the next verses.All of the previous study is leading up to this pointGod has a planMan does not always obey, follow the planWhat was intended to help becomes a roadblock
Romans 9:32Why did Israel reject the Messiah?He was not what they expected Ruler army builderOverthrow the RomansThey wanted physical deliveranceJesus offered deliverance from sinWhy? Because they did not seek it by faith, but as it were, by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumbling stone.
Romans 9:32Stumble to strike the foot against, to trip, to strike a stone or other obstacle in the pathJesus came to be a savior, redeemerThe Jews saw his as an obstacle to their ideas, plans, and notionsThe stone that could have lifted them up became the stone that caused them to trip.Why? Because they did not seek it by faith, but as it were, by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumbling stone.
Romans 9:33God predicted they would stumbleThey trippedNot because God made them fallHe