Sustainable Agricultural and Natural Resources Management Collaborative Research Support Program North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University

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  • INTRODUCTIONWorld population is about 6.5 billion (Levine, 2005) and is estimated to increase by 73 million people per year. About 800 million people are hungry, of whom 95% are in developing countries (Future Harvest Centers, 2004a). In East and Southeast Asia (SEA) about 1.7 billion persons are living on less than US$ 1/day (CIMMYT, 2001).

  • INTRODUCTIONFurthermore, available resources such as land and water have been rapidly diminishing. This project seeks to alleviate poverty, food scarcity, and reduce environmental degradation in SEA by combining economically-viable and resource-conserving technologies, and gender friendly socio-economic policies that benefit and reward stakeholders in a watershed, especially small-scale farmers both women and men (SSFWM).

  • INTRODUCTIONThe hypothesis to be tested is integrating vegetable production in the agroforestry system on small farms will help to alleviate poverty and enhance environmental protection, sustainability, and ecosystem biodiversity in SEA watersheds.

  • INTRODUCTIONAnother closely related hypothesis is integrating agroforestry in a vegetable production system on small farms will help to alleviate poverty and enhance environmental protection, sustainability, and ecosystem biodiversity in SEA watersheds.


  • Lantapan is considered the vegetable basket of southern Philippines. The municipality of Lantapan is located in a river valley that is crossed by Mindanaos major north-south highway some 15 km south of Malaybalay, Bukidnons provincial capital, and 100 km southeast of Cagayan de Oro City, the closest city and port.

  • The left bank of the Manupali River bounds Lantapan on the south, and a major protected area, the Mt. Kitanglad Range Natural Park (MKNRP) on the north. Lantapan is wholly contained within the Manupali watershed.

  • In 1992, the Manupali watershed was declared critical by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), making it subject to restricted development and conservation.

  • Lantapan has a total land area of 35,465 hectares. Of this, 21,215 hectares are classified as alienable and disposable lands, while 14,250 hectares are public lands. Lantapan has an average elevation of 600 m, which increases as one proceeds northwest to MKNRP to a maximum of 2,938 m.

  • About 70 per cent of the area has slopes greater than 10%. Soil types are generally classified as Adtuyon and Kidapawan clays, which are mostly well drained. The average annual rainfall is 2,470 mm.

  • Lantapans population has been rapidly increasing. It was projected that the 2000 population would triple by 2015. Lantapan has an agriculturally based economy. Up to the early 90s, ninety per cent of the households have been dependent on smallholder farming.

  • However, this changed since two large corporations started banana production in the late 1990s. It is estimated that about 60 per cent of the total labor force of Lantapan are now employed in commercial agricultural enterprises.

  • The on-going shift to large-scale commercial agriculture pushed the smallholders to farm smaller plots in less productive and more environmentally fragile areas.

  • Lantapans pattern of agricultural expansion involved the replacement of forest and permanent crops by annual crops. The spread of vegetable cropping is common in high altitude and steeply sloping areas.

  • TECHNOLOGY Develop economically viable and ecologically-sound integrated vegetable-agroforestry (VAF) systems to increase farm productivity and income, and reduce vulnerability and risks


  • What was accomplished (Philippines)?Technology:V Vegetable AgroforestryI- Introduction of new vegetable varieties and indigenous vegetablesDrip IrrigationIntegrated Pest Management No-Tillage

  • MARKETS Conduct market value chain research at the local, regional, and national levels that builds upon existing marketing strategies and develop interventions to overcome constraints and make use of opportunities

  • POLICY Identify policy options and institutional frameworks that promote sustainability of vegetable-agroforestry production and reward environmental services

  • ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACTS Assess the short and long-term environmental and socio-economic impacts of integrated vegetable-agroforestry systems

  • GENDER Provide mechanisms to improve the socioeconomic well-being of women engaged in vegetable production and agroforestry enterprises especially in terms of income and labor share, and to involve them in decisions that concern their welfare.

  • SCALING-UP Build host country capacity in managing integrated vegetable-agroforestry system and packaging related technical, social/economic and institutional innovations for replication and scaling up to other watersheds in the region

  • VAF ADOPTION STUDY The general objective of the study is to determine the adoption behavior among smallholder upland farmers in Barangay Songco, Lantapan, Bukidnon, Philippines towards integrated VAF system and to establish feedback mechanism between farmers and technologists.

  • SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES Specifically, it aims to:

    (1) monitor technology adoption rate and innovativeness of smallholder upland farmers;(2) assess income realized from technology adoption (through guided self-reporting and validation) ;

  • SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES(3) determine the influence of technology adoption on women, men, and youth members of the household, including labor demand and food security, and on management of soil, water and other natural resources; and

    (4) identify problems met in technology adoption for immediate feedback to the SANREM technology team.


    START: October 1, 2007

    END: Sept. 30, 2009

  • METHODOLOGYParticipatory monitoring and evaluation using a semi-structured monitoring form is employed where fifty (50) farmer cooperators selected in the baseline study do self-recording and reporting of pertinent information relative to adoption of integrated VAF system.

  • METHODOLOGY Monitoring by researchers is done twice a year (per cropping season). In addition, information received is communicated in timely fashion to the technical field staff to facilitate adaptation to account for farmer adoption constraints.


    Conducted participatory monitoring and evaluation for the second cropping period, CY 2007 (July December 2007) last January 2007


    Presented project concerns during the 3rd Global Annual Meeting of SANREM-CRSP help at Splash Mountain Resort and oasis Hotel, Los Baos, Laguna on May 26-29, 2008)


    The second round of monitoring and evaluation for the first cropping period, CY (January June 2008) will be conducted this month of July 2008

  • The End


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