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The Belle Silicon Vertex Detector T. Tsuboyama (KEK) 6 Dec. 2008 Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

The Belle Silicon Vertex Detector T. Tsuboyama (KEK) 6 Dec. 2008 Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ

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  • The Belle Silicon Vertex DetectorT. Tsuboyama (KEK)6 Dec. 2008Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • OutlineBelle Silicon vertex detectorUpgrade planR&D and beam testsSynergySummary*Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • *1.5 T solenoidCentral tracking chamberCsI calorimeter3.5 GeV e+ beam8 GeV e- beamSilicon Vertex DetectorAerogel CerenkovTime of flightKL and counter Upgrade plan of Belle silicon vertex detectorBelle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • Silicon Vertex DetectorSVD reconstructs two vertices of B decay from Y(4S).B flight length ~ 200 mm.The CP violation parameters are extracted from the distribution of distance between two vertices.*Belle SVD (4 layer)J/KSeeDecay time differenceBelle 2005Dt50 cm20 cmBelle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • RequirementsFrom view point of physics performanceLow material: minimize multiple Coulomb scatteringAt least 4 layers: self tracking of low-pt tracks.Detector acceptanceLarger acceptance of Ks (Large radius)From view point of detector performance Collision interval: 2 nsec.Background reduction. (Short shaping time)Trigger rate: 30 kHz at maximumTrigger latency: 3 msec.The current VA1TA readout can not satisfy 2-4. APV25 ASIC, that was developed for CMS experiment at LHC satisfies all the requirements.

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ. *

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • Detector configurationConfigurationSix layers: for reconstruction of low-momentum tracks.Better vertex resolution. Material inside acceptance must be minimized. Sensor optionsDSSDPixelReadout electronics10KHz max. ave. trigger rateHit occupancy should be kept
  • *Sensor configurationBelle acceptance: 17
  • Consideration of the inner most layer (I)*Two layers DSSD: 20 % improvement at high momentum thanks to the smaller detector radius.Robust hit finding under back ground.Monolithic Pixel:Similar performance and robust trackingRecently a Germany group propose DEPFET pixel detector. Inner layer=2 layer DSSDImpact parameter resolution (rf)Impact parameter resolution (z)Inner layer=2 layer DSSD0.2 GeV/c

    0.5 GeV/c1.5 GeV/c2 GeV/c.

    Dotted lines (Reference) : Belle SVD2M. Watanabe (Niigata)Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • Striplet Prototype*HPK Striplet prototype (2003)Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

    ParameterspnSensitive area (mm2)71.0x7.9Strip length (mm)10.5Strip pitch (m)25.5 (p) 51 (n) Readout pitch (m)51 (p)51 (n) Num. of readout ch.10241024Bias resistor (MW)>10

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • Readout with APV25 ASICAPV25:192 stage pipeline (~4 sec trigger latency)Up to 32 readout queues 128 ch analog multiplexing (3 [email protected] MHz)Dead time: negligible at expected trigger rate of 10 kHzOperated with CDAQ 42MHz clock.Recently CDAQ clock of 64 MHz is proposed. (APV25 clock will be 32 MHz)*Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • Hit timing reconstructionAPV25 pipe line can be used as a wave form sampler.Read out 3, 6 slices in the pipeline for one trigger.Extract the hit timing information from wave form.Proven in beam tests: Resolution ~ 2 nsec.Reconstruction done in the FPGA chips in FADC board.(Proposed by Vienna group)

    *(HEPHY Vienna)Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • Test bench of APV25 (APVDAQ)Developed by HEPHY (Vienna) for adaptation test of APV25 in Belle.Operated with various APV25 modesExternal and internal trigger. Evaluations: test-pulse, radiation source, IR pulse laser and test beam line. Hardware: VME board (Control / FADC)AC coupled RepeaterFour-chip HybridSoftwareGUI version (NI Lab Windows)C / Linux version (developed with Princeton group)*Beam tests2005.04 --- Evaluation of striplet sensor readout with APV252005.12 --- Evaluation of DSSD for the SVD upgrade (APV25+VA1 readout mixed)2007.11 --- Evaluation of new readout system for Belle SVD upgrade.Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • April 2005Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ. *

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • Dec. 2005Almost the last beam test at he KEK proton synchrotron PI-2 beam line.1 APV25 and 3 VA1 laddersTest of the new sensor for Belle upgrade.Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ. *VA1 Cables

    APV25 repeater

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • Nov. 2007The first experiment at the KEK Fuji beam line.HEPHY (Vienna), Niigata, KEKFADC with data sparsification FPGA code was tested.Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ. *

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • Nov 2008Features the test of whole readout chain: APV25 FADC COPPER Basic connection was confirmed.Performance tests in progress.Participants: Vienna, Krakow, Kyungphook (Belle), Kyoto (Tanida group), Osaka (Hotta, Maeda).Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ. *Asano Irmler Hotta Friedl Ostovicz Natkaniew

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • Mount readout chips on DSSDsIn order to avoid the long (up to 56 cm) kapton flex, Vienna group proposed to mount the readout chips on DSSD sensors.Capacitance due to long kapton flex can be avoided.Detail resolution study including material budget and S/N is necessary.Various cooling method will be tried. (Air, water channel )*Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • Using one flex hybrid and cooling tube in order to readout both sides of a DSSD.Benefit of APV25 on DSSDNo ghosts in hit reconstructionOrigami schemeBelle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ. *

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • Sensor productionDouble-sided sensor is essential to minimize the material.300 mm is acceptable. The thinner the better.Mass production starts in 2009.HPK stopped the double-sided production line.We have started to find other suppliers.Korea groupKyungpook Univ. Indian group: Tata Institute*Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • Comments on the pixel detectorsHybrid monolithic sensor can not be used for the inner most layers.Monolithic Pixel detector MAPS (Monolithic active pixel sensor)SOI (Silicon on insulator)DEPFET technologyMAPS and SOI is made with commercial foundries.Size limitation by reticle (photo mask) size.DEPFET pixel detector is proposed by German collaboration (May 2008).Mature: Already used in various applications.Can be thinned to 50 um.Large area sensor can be made, not limited by reticle size.Radiation tolerance is study in progress.Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ. *

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • SoftwareIn Super B factory, software activities should be much more emphasized.Studying rare decay modesDelicate modes: Ultimate detector performance should be kept forever.Calibrations.Alignments of the detectors.Detection performance estimation

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ. *

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • AlignmentsAmbiguities of alignment between sensor and senor, and, between silicon vertex detector and central drift chamber are O(10 mm), in case of present Belle.We guess the field non-uniformity due to final-focus magnets prevents better alignment with magnet.Above 5 ab-1 integrated luminosity (x7 of the present Belle data ), statistics error of B decay vertex measurement reaches this level.Physics output will be limited by sensor alignment ambiguity.Better detector alignment methods are necessary.*Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • Design of the interaction regionThe Super KEKB accelerator design is extremely ambitious.Huge synchrotron radiation, heat from the high current beam, and beam background is expected at the IP region. It is not clear we can really escape from those effects.Mechanical structure as well as its radius has not been defined.Radiation level can not be predicted.Intense discussion is done by a Belle and KEKB joint team.We might start with conservative design.Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ. *

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • Test beam facilitiesFor the Belle upgrade program, I think, a good test-beam line is necessary. Especially years 2009-2013 are important.Pixel detctor evaluationFuji beam line stops when KEKB stops.J-Parc: Far away.LEPS beam line

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ. *

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • SummarySilicon vertex detector will be based on APV25 ASIC.DEPFET pixel detector will be installed. Lifetime: not yet clearIR region scheme should be decided in roder for us to start the vertex detector design.

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ. *

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • Progress of the SOIPIX projectOKI 200 nm SOI CMOS process.Normal CMOS process.2005/2006 process at the OKI experimental line (150 nm process)2007 process at the OKI mass production line (200 nm process)2008 Submission in preparation (Jan 2009)Team leader: Y.Arai [email protected]*Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • OKI SOI structureAdd a few steps to the normal CMOS production.Remove the buried oxide (BOX) where implant is done.Implant the P/N type ions.Fill the hole with SiO2 and annealing.Make a via for the contact to metal 1.Fill the via with plug metal.Normal CMOS process will be continued.*Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • Progress of the SOIPIX project2005 First submission (150 nm)2006 Second submission (150 nm)2007 Third submission in preparation(200 nm)

    20052.5mmx2.5mm 32x32 cells chip*Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • Function of the vertex detector in B factories (I)Basic design of Belle/Babar silicon vertex detectors is valid in Super B factories.Even at 100 times larger luminosity, B factories are forever low-energy machines.Measure the decay vertices of the two B mesons, especially in the Z direction. At Y(4S) energy, the events are either a pure BB system or non-B events.If a B decay mode is identified, the other tracks and energy clusters belong to the other B.Thanks to the long lifetime and slow B0-B0bar oscillation, the resolution of the silicon vertex detector is adequate.*Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

  • Function of the vertex detector in B factories (II)Help the tracking by the central drift chamberExtend the lever arm of high-pt tracks for BKp, pp etc.The detection of slow p in B D*X DpsX.Ks reconstruction in BK(*) g.Only 2 charged tracks appears separated from B decay vertex.Larger radii of outer 2 layers increase the Ks acceptance.*Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

    Belle Vertex Detector (T.Tsuboyama, KEK) Workshop New Hadrons with Various Flavors 6-7 Dec. 2008 Nagoya Univ.

    ********APV25 has a 192 stage pipeline (160=maximum usable latency if readout queue (32) is fully used); dead time=75ns (2 empty clocks between triggers), thus not just negligble, but virtually zero

    ***