The Old English Period The Middle Ages. Important Dates 43-420 Roman invasion and occupation of Britain 43-420 Roman invasion and occupation of Britain

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  • Slide 1
  • The Old English Period The Middle Ages
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  • Important Dates 43-420 Roman invasion and occupation of Britain 43-420 Roman invasion and occupation of Britain 450 Anglo Saxon Conquest 450 Anglo Saxon Conquest 1066 Norman Conquest 1066 Norman Conquest 1200 Beginning of Middle English literature 1200 Beginning of Middle English literature 1485 Caxtons printing of Malory 1485 Caxtons printing of Malory
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  • The Middle Ages Covers time span from collapse of the Roman Empire to the Renaissance Covers time span from collapse of the Roman Empire to the Renaissance Time period of more than 800 years Time period of more than 800 years 1485 end of the Middle Ages 1485 end of the Middle Ages
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  • A Time of Change Roman Catholic Church provided continuity Roman Catholic Church provided continuity Norman Conquest added French words to the English vocabulary Norman Conquest added French words to the English vocabulary Cross-currents of languages and literatures during this period Cross-currents of languages and literatures during this period Literature in English was performed orally,and written throughout the Middle Ages, but uniquely English literature does not exist before the late 14 th century. Literature in English was performed orally,and written throughout the Middle Ages, but uniquely English literature does not exist before the late 14 th century. English began to displace French at the end of the 14 th century in Parliament and courts of law. English began to displace French at the end of the 14 th century in Parliament and courts of law.
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  • Anglo-Saxon England From 1 st to 5 th century, England was province of Roman Empire From 1 st to 5 th century, England was province of Roman Empire Named Britannia Named Britannia When the Romans withdrew during the fifth century, island was invaded by Germanic seafarers When the Romans withdrew during the fifth century, island was invaded by Germanic seafarers These belonged to three tribes: the Angles, the Saxons, and the Jutes. These belonged to three tribes: the Angles, the Saxons, and the Jutes.
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  • Conversion to Christianity Britons became Christian in the fourth century Britons became Christian in the fourth century In 597, a Benedictine monk was sent by Pope Gregory as a missionary to King Ethelbert of Kent and missionaries from Ireland became to preach Christianity in the north. In 597, a Benedictine monk was sent by Pope Gregory as a missionary to King Ethelbert of Kent and missionaries from Ireland became to preach Christianity in the north. Within 75 years, the island was Christian. Within 75 years, the island was Christian. The first extended written specimen of Old English (Anglo-Saxon) language is a code of laws. The first extended written specimen of Old English (Anglo-Saxon) language is a code of laws. England produced many distinguished Churchmen, including Bede. England produced many distinguished Churchmen, including Bede.,
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  • Invasions by the Danes In the 9 th century, Christian Anglo- Saxons were subjected to invasions by the Danes. In the 9 th century, Christian Anglo- Saxons were subjected to invasions by the Danes. They were stopped by King Alfred. They were stopped by King Alfred. King Alfred was an enthusiastic patron of literature. King Alfred was an enthusiastic patron of literature.
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  • Old English Poetry Oral tradition Oral tradition Literacy was restricted to men of the church Literacy was restricted to men of the church Most of Old English literature is religious Most of Old English literature is religious Most of Old English poetry is contained in just four manuscripts. Most of Old English poetry is contained in just four manuscripts.
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  • Heroic Values Heroic values of Germanic society continued to inspire clergy and laity in the Christian era. Heroic values of Germanic society continued to inspire clergy and laity in the Christian era. Heroic Values - Tribe is ruled by king who surrounds himself with a band of retainers. He leads men to battle and rewards them with gifts and treasures. Retainers are obligated to fight for their lord to the death Heroic Values - Tribe is ruled by king who surrounds himself with a band of retainers. He leads men to battle and rewards them with gifts and treasures. Retainers are obligated to fight for their lord to the death Blood vengeance is a sacred duty. Blood vengeance is a sacred duty. The best poetry of the period is both Christian and heroic. The best poetry of the period is both Christian and heroic.
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  • Characteristics of Old English Poetry Harsh world view Harsh world view Formal speech Formal speech Elevated language Elevated language Irony Irony Contrast Pagan and Christian Contrast Pagan and Christian Fate Fate The Past The Past Violence Violence Values of warrior society Values of warrior society
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  • Anglo-Norman England The Normans took possession of England in 1066 The Normans took possession of England in 1066 They adopted French language and Christian religion They adopted French language and Christian religion Henry II, first of Englands Plantagenet kings Henry II, first of Englands Plantagenet kings
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  • Languages During the Anglo-Norman period, four languages co-existed: Latin, French, English, and Celtic. During the Anglo-Norman period, four languages co-existed: Latin, French, English, and Celtic. The Latin Bible provided subject for Old English poetry and prose The Latin Bible provided subject for Old English poetry and prose Attraction to Celtic legends Attraction to Celtic legends Marie de France and Chrtien de Troyes wrote romances Marie de France and Chrtien de Troyes wrote romances King Arthur and his court acquired immense popularity King Arthur and his court acquired immense popularity Romance involves a knight proving his worthiness through nobility of character and brave deeds Romance involves a knight proving his worthiness through nobility of character and brave deeds Religious literature aimed at women saints lives, The Ancrene Riwle. Religious literature aimed at women saints lives, The Ancrene Riwle.
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  • Middle English Literature in the 14 th Century Old English replaces French in literature Old English replaces French in literature Thirty Years War Thirty Years War The bubonic plague wiped out one- third of European population The bubonic plague wiped out one- third of European population A time of social unrest A time of social unrest Church becomes target of resentment because of its wealth and worldliness Church becomes target of resentment because of its wealth and worldliness Great European poets of the 14 th century include Dante, Petrarch, Marie de France, and Boccoccio Great European poets of the 14 th century include Dante, Petrarch, Marie de France, and Boccoccio English writers of the 14 th century include Chaucer, William Langland, the Pearl poet, and the author of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight English writers of the 14 th century include Chaucer, William Langland, the Pearl poet, and the author of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
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  • The Fifteenth Century War of the Roses between Lancasters and Yorks ended with King Henry VIIs ascension to the throne War of the Roses between Lancasters and Yorks ended with King Henry VIIs ascension to the throne Performances of mystery plays and morality plays Performances of mystery plays and morality plays Mystical writings Julian of Norwich and Margery Kempe Mystical writings Julian of Norwich and Margery Kempe Lydgate Lydgate Malory Malory Caxtons printing press introduced in 1476. Caxtons publication of Malorys Morte Darthur. Caxtons printing press introduced in 1476. Caxtons publication of Malorys Morte Darthur.
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  • Middle English Literature Religious literature Religious literature Popular literature Popular literature Romance Romance King Arthur King Arthur Allegory Allegory Morality Morality Authors looked at themselves as craftsmen Authors looked at themselves as craftsmen No emphasis on originality No emphasis on originality Ptolemaic view of the universe earth centered Ptolemaic view of the universe earth centered Gothic Church as symbol of Middle Ages height and light Gothic Church as symbol of Middle Ages height and light