Avoiding Plagiarism

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A presentation on plagiarism and how to avoid plagiarising for NSW high school students. Examines difference between paraphrasing, quoting and summarising. Outlines how to cite correctly and gives links to some web 2.0 tools to help avoid plagiarism.

Text of Avoiding Plagiarism

  • 1. St. Clares College LIBRARYPLAGIARISM


  • Plagiarism is:
  • using other peoples original
  • words or ideas
  • without clearly acknowledging
  • the source of the information.


  • Plagiarism often happens accidentally because students:
  • dont understand what it isor
  • its implicationsor
  • their information research and processing skills need to be improved
  • Hmmmm.confused?

4. Image 1: Causes of Plagiarism (Wilson, 2007,p.2) 5.

  • Plagiarismcan take many forms:
  • Copying or cutting and pasting an entire source and presenting it as your own
  • Copying ideas from sources without acknowledging where they came from
  • Paraphrasing material from a source without proper acknowledgement
  • Using too many direct quotations meaning your contribution is minimal
  • Buying an essay or assignment from a research service, another student or online
  • (Source: UNSW Learning Centre, 2008)

6. Learn how to take notes effectively

  • How can you make sense of your notes when you come to write up your assignment and avoid plagiarising? Use a system when taking notes as you research try note cards. For example:
  • Source Author/Title/Date/URL/Page Number
  • Tags (keywords)
  • Abstract taken from source
  • Paraphrase into your own words and condense from the source
  • My ideas ideas you have developed in reaction to your research. Ask questions, do you agree?, what is important about this source?, does it give a different perspective?
  • Change the text colour between your original ideas and the ideas you have paraphrased
  • (Source: McKenzie, 1998; Abilock & Smith 2007)


  • Photocopy the title page for bibliographic details
  • Put author and date details at start and end of each paragraph of notes you write
  • Reference as you go
  • Make sure every in-text citation within your essay can be found in the reference list
  • Leave lots of time to finish your reference list!

Handy tips for avoiding plagiarism 8. Web tools to help you

  • Use an online tool likehttp:// quotepad.info /
  • Use an online referencing generator likehttp://library.scotch.vic.edu.au/research/biblios/ScotchBib/index.htm
  • How do I reference?
  • Get the St Clares Guide to Referencing Assessment Tasks available in the Library and online viahttp://delicious.com/stclareslibrary

9. What do you need to reference?

  • Words and ideas from others from all sources including the Internet, study guides, books, journal articles, radio transcripts, personal interviews, films, online videos, blogs, wikis, images, diagrams, emails.
  • No need to reference
  • Your own experiences; your own critical analysis, comments or conclusion; common facts and knowledge (eg. the world is round).
  • (Source: The Learning Centre, 2008, p.3)


  • Cite correctly to avoid plagiarism
  • Know the difference between paraphrasing ,quotingandsummarising !!!
  • When youuse other peoples original wordsor ideas:
  • place their words between ..and after the quote, place the surname, and year of publication, page number in parenthesisEg: lorem ipsem (Smith, 2008, p.3).
  • When youparaphraseother peoples words or ideas:
  • at the end of the sentence or paragraph, place the surname and year of publication in parenthesis. If there is more than one source, cite them all Eg: (Smith, 2008; Wall, 2006)
  • Check out the UNSW Learning Centre online document covering this topic athttp:// www.lc.unsw.edu.au/onlib/pdf/paraquo.pdf

11. If in doubt

  • Dont pretend if you dont have the source
  • Ask for help from Library staff or your teacher

12. References for this Presentation

  • Abilock, D. & Smith, S. 2007, Beyond cut and paste, accessed 4 November 2008 fromhttp://www.noodletools.com/debbie/ethical/catandmouse2.pdf
  • McKenzie, J. 1998,The new plagiarism:Seven antidotes to prevent highway robbery in an electronic age.From Now On: The Educational Technology Journal,7(8),accessed 4 November, 2008 fromhttp://fno.org/may98/cov98may.html
  • The Learning Centre UNSW, 2008, Avoiding plagiarism, accessed 4 thNovember, 2008 fromhttp://www.lc.unsw.edu.au/onlib/pdf/plag.pdf
  • Wilson, D. 2007, Crime or confusion why do students plagiarise?, Connections60(1), pp.1-2.
  • Useful Links
  • Plagiarism and Academic Integrity, UNSW
  • http://www.lc.unsw.edu.au/plagiarism/index.html
  • Plagiarism: What do you value? Available throughClickview .
  • http://library.acadiau.ca/tutorials/plagiarism/ - online interactive plagiarism tutorial
  • Plagiarism and Academic Honesty, Sydney University
  • http://elearning.library.usyd.edu.au/learn/plagiarism/index.php (interactive tutorial) - this is excellent tutorial. It has a university focus but is still highly applicable.
  • All My Own Work Board of Studies site for Yr 10 Yr 12 studentshttp:// amow.boardofstudies.nsw.edu.au /