How to hydroponic

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  • B y K e i t h R o b e r t o

    3rdEdition

    The complete guide to buildingand operating your own indoorand outdoor hydroponic gardens.Includes detailed instructionsand step-by-step plans.

    H y d r o p o n i c sHowTo

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  • How-To Hydroponics

    third edition

    A How-To Guide To Soilfree Gardeningtext, art and photography by Keith Roberto

    ISBN - 0-9672026-0-4

    The author of this information and its publishers disclaim any personal liability, lossor risk incurred as a consequence of the use and application, either directly orindirectly, of any advice, information or methods presented herein.

    The right and license to all publications, images and copy contained within arereserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, copied, sold or pre-sented to or for anyone other than the purchasing agent granted specific license attime of purchase. Contact author at address below for licensing content.

    Copyright 2000Keith Roberto

    Distributed by:FutureGarden, Inc.

    457 Main St. PMB 323Farmingdale, New York 11735

    http://futuregarden.com/

    http://www.futuregarden.com/

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    How-To Hydroponics

    Contents

    Foreword .............................................................................................................................................. 6

    Water - the basis of life ......................................................................................................................... 7Hydroponics - a quick overview ........................................................................................................... 8The organic composition of plants ...................................................................................................... 10Plant nutrition ..................................................................................................................................... 11The nutrient solution ........................................................................................................................... 12Hydroponic nutrient recipes................................................................................................................ 13Measuring nutrient concentration and pH ........................................................................................... 14

    Its all about the roots! ......................................................................................................................... 16Soilfree hydroponic mediums ............................................................................................................. 18Let there be light ................................................................................................................................. 20Indoor lighting for horticulture ............................................................................................................. 22Environmental control and automation ............................................................................................... 24Supercharging your garden with CO2 ................................................................................................ 25

    Getting started with seeds .................................................................................................................. 27Making clones of your favorite plant ................................................................................................... 28Stocking your hydroponic garden ....................................................................................................... 29Stages of growth................................................................................................................................. 30Growers guide to popular plants ......................................................................................................... 32Problems with your plants? ................................................................................................................ 33Integrated Pest Management Web Sites ............................................................................................. 35Making a market for your garden ........................................................................................................ 36

    Types of hydroponic systems.............................................................................................................. 39Planning your hydroponic garden ...................................................................................................... 42Three inexpensive hydroponic gardens you can build ....................................................................... 43Build a hydroponic planter .................................................................................................................. 45Build the aeroponic AerospringTM garden ......................................................................................... 48Build the pvc pipe hydroponic systems .............................................................................................. 57The spare closet garden ..................................................................................................................... 69

    Conclusion ......................................................................................................................................... 70Read Me............................................................................................................................................. 71

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    Give a man a meal, feed him once.

    Teach a man to fish, feed him for life...

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    How-To Hydroponics

    Foreword

    How To Hydroponics was written to provide you with a basic education in the science of hydroponics whilegiving you the hands on experience that makes learning fun and effective. It covers all the information youshould need to gain a basic understanding of the science and develop a working knowledge of the technology.You will learn, step-by-step, to build the hydroponic system of your choice from the plans included within.Whether you grow for food, fun or profit, well show you how to start growing your favorite flowers, herbs andveggies with this exciting technology.

    How-To Hydroponics is the result of nearly a decade of research and development in the exciting field of hydro-ponics. We have spared no expense to provide you with all the knowledge youll need to get growing withhydroponics successfully. We have made every effort to ensure that all questions and discrepancies brought toour attention from the original publication have been answered and corrected in this newly revised edition. Ofcourse, there may be some things that weve overlooked - so please bring anything you find to our attention forfuture corrections. Email me at: kr@futuregarden.com

    It is recommended that you read this book in the order it has been assembled so you will not miss out on impor-tant information that could jeopardize your efforts. Take the time to read the book entirely before you begin anytype of construction, as there is a wealth of important information within that may effect your choice of whichgarden to build and ultimately affect your gardens success.

    For those new to gardening, we begin with a brief introduction to Hydroponics and then move right into a basicreview on the biology and chemistry principles that will help you understand how to grow perfect plants - dontworry - its all real basic stuff!. From there, we move on to planning your hydroponic garden so that you get themost out of your available space and build the system that is right for you. At the end of each set of plans thereis a Get Growing page that will outline the proper use of the system and how to start your favorite crops in it.

    Since the Hydroponic industry is still rather small and there arent many local shops at which to purchasesupplies, weve established an online garden store that specializes in hydroponic garden supplies and evenprefabricated gardens for those of you who cant wait to get started! In cooperation with some of the bestcompanies in the industry, we are constantly striving to include a complete selection of components, nutrientsand accessories that you may require to build and maintain the gardens featured in this publication. If you cantfind it locally, try: http://futuregarden.com/store.html

    Good Luck and Happy growing!

    Keith Roberto

    Thank you for purchasing How-To Hydroponics

    http://www.futuregarden.com/store.htmlmailto:kr@futuregarden.com

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    Water - the basis of life

    Known as the universal solvent, without water life on Earth would notexist. Right now, deep space probes are searching the far reaches of oursolar system for water while three quarters of our own planet is bathed init. Every living cell contains water. Every living plant depends on it tothrive. This book is about water. How to manage it, infuse it with thenutrition vital to plants and deliver it to their thirsty roots.

    In nature, fire and water act together to recharge the soil with nutrients.When forests burn, wood is turned to ash. Wood ash is rich in Potassium,one of the plant kingdoms fundamental foods. When the rains come,lifeless leaves and fallen branches are helped along their path to decay.Animals and insects hasten this process by their consumption of plants andexcretion of organic wastes.

    Organic matter in the soil is biologically decomposed into the basic nutri-ent salts that plants feed on. Falling rains once again help in dissolvingthese salts and making them available for plants to absorb through theirroots. For a plant to receive a well balanced diet, everything in naturemust be in perfect harmony. Forests must burn, a