Open education, OER and the African context

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Programme, looking at open education, OER, what this means in an African context and what we have accomplished at Siyavula within South Africa.

Text of Open education, OER and the African context

  • 1.OPEN education?Let's get your initial ideas!

2. Why open education matters Link to video: http://vimeo.com/43401199 3. a collective term to describe institutional practices and programmatic initiatives that broaden access to the learning and training traditionally offered through formal education systems 4. open in open education = elimination of barriers What barriers? High costAccess to resourcesDistance to institutionsRestrictive copyright laws Incompatible technologyAcademic admission requirements Accreditation 5. When and how did it all start?Universal Declaration of Human Rights: Everyone has the right to education . Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages (United Nations, 1948, Art. 26, para. 1) 6. A bit of history...On the role of openness in education: A historical reconstruction (CC-BY) 7. A bit of history...Global Open Education movementOn the role of openness in education: A historical reconstruction (CC-BY) 8. Take home messageOpenness in education is not a new idea, fundamentally, education is a human right. And looking at the historical development shows us not only a technological, but also a social, cultural and economic phenomenon.On the role of openness in education: A historical reconstruction (CC-BY) 9. Key players The 4Rs: Reuse Remix Revise Redistribute David Wiley 1998: Open ContentOpen Source Initiative (CC-BY) David Wiley (CC-BY)A creative work freely available for modification, use and redistribution under a license similar to those used by the Open Source / Free Software community 10. Key playersRichard Baranuik 1999: Connexions A global repository for educational content, provided by volunteers, available for remixing, editing and download in various formats. 11. Key playersMassachusetts Institute of Technology 2001: MIT OpenCourseWare MIT committed to putting all their content (lecture notes, syllabi, lecture videos) for all their courses on the web, freely accessible to the public 12. Open Educational Resources (OER)"teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge" William and Flora Hewlett Foundation 13. Key playersLarry Lessig 2001: Creative Commons A non-profit organization that enables the sharing and use of creativity and knowledge through free legal tools. Lawrence Lessig (CC-BY) 14. A shared culture Link to video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1DKm96Ftfko 15. Open licenses are a tool to enable sharing, legally 16. By attributionShare-alikeNo derivativesNon-commercialClosedOpenwww.creativecommons.org 17. A global change 18. OER initiatives 19. Enter the MOOC Massive Open Online Course 2012: The year of the MOOCwww.mooc-list.com 20. Enter the MOOCMOOC poster (CC-BY) 21. Benefits of open licenses and OER OER are freely available for use by educators and learners, without the need to pay royalties Remember the 4 Rs?Reuse Remix Revise Redistribute 22. Benefits of open licenses and OER Let's brainstorm! We can't afford new textbooks for our school.I can't afford the textbook for my university course. The resources we have do not suit our needs or context.Our textbooks do not align to our curriculum or standards. Our textbooks are outdated.I want to share my notes with others in my community.We don't have additional resources for students to go beyond the lesson. I want to add in my own activities to existing resources but don't know how. 23. Benefits of open licenses and OER Grant freedoms instead of impose restrictions Sharing is fundamental to teaching Collaboration 24. Open education and OER in AfricaCC-BY on FlickrCC-BY on FlickrContexts abound and all are challenging Every child deserves a chanceParklands School gallery 25. Open education and OER in AfricaCC-BY on FlickrCC-BY on FlickrBuild capacity by providing educators free or low-cost access to tools, content and communities of practiceParklands School galleryReduce the cost of access to educational materials Adapt and develop materials relevant to African contexts and learners 26. Open education and OER in AfricaPlays a leading role in supporting higher education institutions across Africa in the development and use of OER to enhance teaching and learning, covering teacher education, agriculture and health.The African Virtual University released 73 of its courses as OER in 2006, and has since developed the OER@AVU repository to increase the number of Africans using and adapting OER.An initiative which brings together teachers and teacher educators across sub-Saharan Africa, offering a range of OER to support school based teacher education and training. 27. Siyavula 'we are opening'CommunitySiyavula is a social enterprise built on community, openness and technology,y y log log no no ch ch Te TeOp e nn es sworking to make high quality educational resources available to every learner and teacher in South Africa. 28. What we have done 29. Technology enables and enriches 30. Open everything... Open processes - iterative, transparent and collaborative Open copyright licenses - freedom to distribute, adapt and enhance Open standards - formats that enable the freedoms Opensource software - freedom distribute, adapt and enhance 31. National distribution in South Africa~ 10 million books 32. Community - Volunteersy y log log no no ch ch Te TeOp en ne s sCommunity 33. Who?Volunteers: Postgrad students: Honours, Masters, PhD Lecturers and senior lecturers Educators People in industryProvide a space for people to give back meaningfully to education in South Africa 34. Why? South Africa has many different contexts Teachers are from different backgrounds that teach in different areas Drawing on these experiences helps us ensure that our textbooks include aspects that are relevant to the different contexts More eyes = fewer errors that slip through 35. How? Recruitment 36. How? Workshops 37. How? Online proofreading 38. How? Online translation and translation days 39. Community - Recognition 40. Challenges of OER?Technology Awareness Sustainability Open business models 41. Let's remix! 42. By attributionShare-alikeNo derivativesNon-commercialClosedOpenwww.creativecommons.org 43. By attributionShare-alikeNo derivativesNon-commercial 44. OPEN education?Let's get your initial ideas! 45. Why open education matters Link to video: http://vimeo.com/43401199 46. a collective term to describe institutional practices and programmatic initiatives that broaden access to the learning and training traditionally offered through formal education systems 47. open in open education = elimination of barriers What barriers? High costAccess to resourcesDistance to institutionsRestrictive copyright laws Incompatible technologyAcademic admission requirements Accreditation 48. When and how did it all start?Universal Declaration of Human Rights: Everyone has the right to education . Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages (United Nations, 1948, Art. 26, para. 1) 49. A bit of history...On the role of openness in education: A historical reconstruction (CC-BY) 50. A bit of history...Global Open Education movementOn the role of openness in education: A historical reconstruction (CC-BY) 51. Take home messageOpenness in education is not a new idea, fundamentally, education is a human right. And looking at the historical development shows us not only a technological, but also a social, cultural and economic phenomenon.On the role of openness in education: A historical reconstruction (CC-BY) 52. Key players The 4Rs: Reuse Remix Revise Redistribute David Wiley 1998: Open ContentOpen Source Initiative (CC-BY) David Wiley (CC-BY)A creative work freely available for modification, use and redistribution under a license similar to those used by the Open Source / Free Software community 53. Key playersRichard Baranuik 1999: Connexions A global repository for educational content, provided by volunteers, available for remixing, editing and download in various formats. 54. Key playersMassachusetts Institute of Technology 2001: MIT OpenCourseWare MIT committed to putting all their content (lecture notes, syllabi, lecture videos) for all their courses on the web, freely accessible to the public 55. Open Educational Resources (OER)"teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others. Open educational resources include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge" William and Flora Hewlett Foundation 56. Key playersLarry Lessig 2001: Creative Commons A non-profit organization that enables the sharing and use of creativity and knowledge through free legal tools. Lawrence Lessig (CC-BY) 57. A shared culture Link to video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1DKm96Ftfko 58. Open licenses are a tool to enable sharing, legally 59. By attributionShare-alikeNo derivativesNon-commercialClosedOpenwww.creativecommons.org 60. A global change 61. OER initiatives 62. Enter the MOOC Massive Open Online Course 2012: The year of the MOOCwww.mooc-list.com 63. Enter the MOOCMOOC poster (CC-BY) 64. Benefits of open licenses and OER OER are freely available for use by educators and learners, without the need to pay royalties Remember the 4 Rs?Reuse Remix Revise Redistribute 65. Benefits of open licenses and OER Let's brainstorm! We can't afford new textbooks for our school.I can't afford the textbook for my university course. The resources we have do not suit our needs or context.Our textbooks do not a