Quality issues in agriculture

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We lost nearly ₹ 17000 Cr. due to cancelled consignments. this presentation will try to highlight some major failures, their reasons and solutions. to cope with changing environment and to develop better policy implementation framework for agricultural growth

Text of Quality issues in agriculture

Quality Issues In Agriculture

Quality Issues in AgriculturalPresenterChandrmouli SinghMBA (AB) I Year10 September 20131Institute of Agri Business Management BikanerOutline What is QualityQuality Parameters for Agricultural ProduceIssuesImpactPossible SolutionsConclusionReferences

10 September 2013Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner2What is QualityConformation to SpecificationPhilip CrossbyQuality is the totality of features and characteristics of a product or service that bear on its ability to satisfy stated or implied needs(ISO 8402/ISO 9000)10 September 2013Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner3Quality ParametersISO FamilyISO 9001:2000ISO 15000:1998ISO 14001:2004ISO 22000:2005AGMARK

HACCP

10 September 2013Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner4Contd.BRC

IFS

CODEX

SQF 2000

OHSAS 1800110 September 2013Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner5Contd.Food Safety and Standard Act, 2006PFA,1954Essential Commodity Act, 1955Fruit Product OrderMarine Food Product OrderVegetable and Oil (control) OrderEdible Oil Packaging (regulation) OrderMilk and Milk Produce Order

10 September 2013Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner610 September 2013Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner7IssuesBan on ImportsIndian mangoes arrive in the U.S. after long hiatus ( May 1, 2007, CNN Money)Trouble spells for corn exporters as Vietnam rejects shipments ( December 23, 2011 Business Line)After 2 years, city grapes to be served on German tables (March 3, 2012 The Times of India)Japan rejects prawn order, Odisha exporters worried (September 27,2012 The Indian Express)

10 September 2013Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner8Cont.US rejects India's basmati exports due to pesticides, price falls 23.5% (September 24, 2012 www.fbnews.com)EU rejects three okra consignments from India (November 29, 2012 Business Line)Groundnut exporters' woes continue-Russia's ban on groundnut imports from India raises quality concern ( April 23,2013 Business Standards)

10 September 2013Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner9Lack of Awareness Among PeopleCertificationsCustomersExporters and PromotersRetailersISO:9001:200096.848590.63HACCP24.216493.75BRC11.581034.37ISO:22000:200512.636868.75SQF 2000-518.75IFS3.16615.63GMP1.051256.25Global GAP1.05628.1310 September 2013Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner10Source: Sharma. Rajesh. Sharma Madhu. And Divashree. (2009) Awareness and Status of Food Safety Certificates in India. National Conference on Innovative Marketing Strategies: Current Trends. Pg 391-398Table I: Awareness about the types of certificatesHealth Related Issues

PathogenEstimated number of illnessesNorovirus54,61,731Salmonella, nontyphoidal10,27,561Clostridium perfringens9,65,958Campylobacter spp.8,45,024Staphylococcus aureus2,41,14810 September 2013Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner11Source: http://www.cdc.gov/foodsafety/facts.htmlTable II: Top five pathogens contributing to domestically acquired food borne illnesses10 September 2013Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner12ImpactLoss to Nation and Farmers50% decline in Grape export which cost about 535.34 cr. (2010-11)US rejected Okra of 51 cr. (2010-11)Vietnam rejected 91.74 cr. corn (2011-12)Shrimp of 177 cr. rejected by Japan (2011-12)Every year 20% of Indian consignments get rejected which cost about 17221.36 cr.

10 September 2013Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner13http://agriexchange.apeda.gov.in/indexp/18headgenReportmonth.aspx#content

Effect on Trade Relationship10 September 2013Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner14Graph I: India Export of Principle Commodities Value in Cr (2011-12)http://agriexchange.apeda.gov.in/indexp/18headgenReportmonth.aspx#content

Contd.10 September 2013Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner15Graph II: Major importing countries of Grape and exported value in lakh http://agriexchange.apeda.gov.in/Market%20Profile/MOA/Product/GRAPES.pdfExpenses on IllnessEstimated cost of food borne illness in USA - $152 billion annuallyIndian scenario

10 September 2013Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner16http://www.njeha.org/pdf/Michelle%20Malavet%20-%20Foodborne%20Illness%20Prevention.pdfhttp://www.citehr.com/17068-leaves-per-law-company-policy.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Labour_in_India

Total no. of labours in India487 millionAverage sick leave7-10 days3409 millionIf we pay 100 only 340900 millionSome Facts With investment of 17221.36 cr. We can make Fund for ICDS ( 17700 cr.)Mid Day Meal Scheme (13215 cr.)Rastriya Madyamik Siksha Abiyan ( 3983 cr.)Medical Education and training ( 4727 cr.)

10 September 2013Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner17Delhi Metro Project(19131 cr.)http://www.delhimetrorail.com/projectsupdate/project_cost.aspx86105 km of Bituminous Roadhttp://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/IIT-MADRAS/Infrastructure_Planning_Management/pdf/Class%209%20-%20Road%20Infrastructure%20Development%20in%20India.pdf

17Possible SolutionsRole of APEDA

Global GAP

Formulation of new standards

Post Harvest Technology10 September 2013Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner1818ConclusionWe need to create awareness among people about Food Safety CertificationShort term training program and up-dated literature may reduce losses due to banWe need to control post harvest losses to secure better quality production10 September 2013Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner19References Sharma. Rajesh. Sharma Madhu. And Divashree. (2009) Awareness and Status of Food Safety Certificates in India. National Conference on Innovative Marketing Strategies: Current Trends. Pg 391-398Magazine: Agribusiness and Food Industry Production and Operation Management: Kanishka Bedihttp://www.citehr.com/17068-leaves-per-law-company-policy.htmlhttp://agriexchange.apeda.gov.in/indexp/18headgenReportmonth.aspx#contenthttp://www.cdc.gov/foodsafety/facts.html

10 September 2013Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner20www.cert-int.com/http://mofpi.nic.in/http://www.iso.org/http://www.standardsglossary.com/http://www.fao.org/www.indiastat.com/http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/industry-and-economy/agri-biz/trouble-spells-for-corn-exporters-as-vietnam-rejects-shipments/article2741758.ece http://www.downtoearth.org.in/node/290

10 September 2013Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner21http://newindianexpress.com/states/odisha/article1274751.ece http://news.agropages.com/Feature/FeatureDetail---911.htm http://www.hindu.com/2009/06/15/stories/2009061556581800.htm http://www.globalgap.org/uk_en/what-we-do/the-gg-system/certification/list-of-accreditation-bodies/

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Quality is never an accident, it is always the result of intelligent effort10 September 2013Institute of Agri Business Management Bikaner23