Reaching and Teaching Reluctant Readers

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  • 1. Reaching & Teaching Reluctant Readers Katie McKnight, Ph.D. Twitter: @LiteracyWorldFacebook: Katie McKnight Literacy

2. What do we know aboutour students reading? 3 3. What do we know about readers? At or Above Proficient on 2002 NAEP Reading 100 80 60 White 40 BlackHispanic 200 Grade 4 Grade 8Grade 12Grigg, W.S., Daane, M.C., Jin, Y., & Campbell, J.R. (2003). The nations report card: Reading 2002. Jessup, MD: Education Publications Center. 4 4. Students Most At Risk Below Basic on 2002 NAEP Reading1008060 White40 Black Hispanic200Grade 4 Grade 8 Grade 12Grigg, W.S., Daane, M.C., Jin, Y., & Campbell, J.R. (2003). The nations report card: Reading 2002. Jessup, MD: Education Publications Center.5 5. Components of ReadingAlphabetics: understanding and using the sounds thatmake up words (phonemic awareness) and the letters thatcorrespond to those sounds (decoding) and being able torelate the letters and sounds to the particular words theyrepresent (word recognition)Fluency: identifying words accurately in an effortlessmanner and being able to read them in text with appropriateintonation, stress and phrasingVocabulary: knowing and understanding the meanings ofwords and using them with flexibility and precisionComprehension: the process and product of constructingmeaning from what is read, involving an interaction betweena reader and a text, for a purpose and within a context 6 6. The difference betweenstruggling and reluctant readers Motivating our students toactually read Creating choice and gatheringengaging resources.7 7. Lets Look at Strategies Differentiated Instruction inReading Getting Books in the Hands ofKids Multimodal Learning 8 8. Differentiation Strategies for Struggling Readers Provide readers who struggle todecode with opportunities tohear the text read aloud (tapeassist) Give readers for whom wordrecognition is a problemsupplemental materials thatinclude visual clues to wordmeaning (or use manipulativesin math)9 9. Differentiation Strategies forStruggling Readers Allot additional time for readerswho struggle to completeassignments Encourage struggling readers touse the internet because oftenthe symbols and icons that arequite bothersome to goodreaders provide a means forstruggling readers to constructmeaning 10. Reading and RecreationalReading Reading ability is positivelycorrelated with the extent towhich students readrecreationally. -NationalCenter for EducationStatistics.11 11. Activity Have you now or have you ever been areluctant reader? What is your reading autobiography?Please turn to 3-4 of your colleagues anddiscuss12 12. Why dont kids read? By the time that kids reach middle school andhigh school, reluctant readers often: Equate reading with failure Connect reading to school-related tasks13 13. SOME STRATEGIES FORRELUCTANT READERS 14. Before Reading Activity Think Aloud Using sticky notes, demonstrate how readersuse the voice in his head to: ask questions comment on the reading make predictions make personal connections 15 15. Stop and Write 16. Why Literature Circles?Its a translation of the adult reading group.Offers a genuine and authentic reading experience.Literature Circles are also known as book clubs, and reading groups.(See my website for more materials onLiterature Circles)18 17. Get Books in the Hands of Kids! Books that attract reluctant readers include: A catchy cover Print size is larger 19 18. Get Books in the Hands of Kids! Books that attract reluctant readers include: Artwork is exciting and resemblesthe real world. Writing is not composed of longerconvoluted sentences: morestraightforward.20 19. Get Books in the Hands of Kids! Books that attract reluctant readers include: Acceptable literary quality. High Interest hook within thefirst 10-15 pages. 21 20. Books that attractreluctant readers include: Interesting characters Not too many characters 22 21. Books that attract reluctant readers include: Plot sustains interest Plot is developed through events anddialogue. Limits lengthy narration. Themes that are appealing to teenagers.23 22. Reluctant Readers Like Booksthat: Present role models. Demonstrate problem solving inaction. Allow to feel likewinners/overcoming odds. Display relationships of all sorts. Capture intensity and uncertainty oftheir life. Help develop of socially responsiblebehavior 24 23. Reluctant Readers Like Books with Single Point of View Graphic Novels Comic Books 25 24. Helping Reluctant Readers, Now Library Card Talking about books Talking about books in the classroom and inthe school building Contests Allowing for Student Choice Keep current about books 26 25. How to Reach Me Email: Website: Twitter: @literacyworld Facebook: Katie McKnight LiteracyFor more materials and updated powerpoint, seemy blog at www.KatherineMcKnight.comand for additional materials. 27